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IMP OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX. CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 6,1882. VOLUME XL NUMBER 557 ft if ffiSTw flM 1 1 'fl I I I 1 1 V lllllllllilllllllll Jill Villi. Ill THE Charlotte Home and Democrat, Published every Friday by J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor, o Terms Two Dollars for one year. One Dollar for six months. Subscription price due in advance. o "Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte. N. C, as second class matter," according to the rules of the P. O. Department. . ROBERT GIBBON, M. D , CHARLOTTE, N. C, (Office corner 5th and Tryon Streets) Tenders his professional services to the public, as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or operate in all the different departments of Sur gery. March 5, 1881. ly Dr. JOHN H. McADEN, Wholesale and Retail Druggist, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Has on hand a large and well selected stock of PURE DRUGS, Chemicals, Palent Medicines, Family Medicines, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Dye Stuffs, Fancy and Toilet Articles, which he is de termined to sell at the very lowest prices. Jan 1. 1879. DR. T. C. SMITH, Druggist and Pharmacist, Keeps a full line of Pure Drugs and Chemicals, White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners' Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he will sell at low prices. March 28, 1879. J. P. McCombs, M. D , Offers his professional services to the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite the Charlotte Hotel. Jan. 1, 1873. JOHN E. BROWN, Attorney at Law, Charlotte, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts. Office on Trade Street, opposite the Court House, No. 1, Sims & Dowd's building. Dec 23, 1881 y DR. M. A. BLAND, Dentist, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte Hotel Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb 15,1878. : DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CHARLOTTE' N, C. Practice Limi t e d "to t h e EYE', EAR AND THROAT. March 18,1881. A. burwell. p. d. walker. BUR WELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, . CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts, ., Office adjoining Court House. Nov 5, 1880. WILSON & B UR WE L L, wholesale and retail Druggists, Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C, Have a large and complete Stock of everything pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale and retail. Oct 7, 1880. HALES & FARRIOR, Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers, Charlotte, N. C, Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair prices. Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c, done promptly, and satisfaction assured. Store next to Springs' corner building. July 1,1879. SPRINGS & BURWELL, Grocers and Provision Dealers, Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard, Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we oner to both the Wholesale and Kstail trade. All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar gest buyers. Jan 17, 1880. - j. Mclaughlin, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions, &c, College Street, Charlotte, N. C. Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash, and buys Country Produce at highest market price. tW Cotton and other country Produce sold on commission and prompt returns made. . . Nov. 1,1881. , John VanLandingham, Cotton Buyer and General Commission Merchant In Sanders & Blackwood's Building, North College St , Charlotte, N. C, March 26, 1881. W. A. TRUSLOW, Jeweler and Watch Repairer, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Respectfully announces that, having succeeded is. j. Alien, in the w atcn ana jew iry Dusiness he has just added to his stock of Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c . And he hopes by close attention to business and fair dealing to merit a share of patronage. S3F" Fifteen years constant experience in the WATCH REPAIRING Department enables him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to him. Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street, near the Square. Oct. 7. 1881. 6m Housekeepers take Notice. The finest assortment of first class Fancy Gro ceries in Charlotte, among which are many arti cles new for thi3 market, have just been received at March 18, 1881. PERRY'S. Central Hotel Barber Shop. GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its various branches. He and his assistant Artists are so well known for their skill that it needs no multiplicity of words to inform the public where beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut and dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch." Give him a trial. GREY TOOLE. July 29, 1881. Under Central Hotel. Paradise. Within each heart there lies apart From all its cares and sorrows, A paradise which knows no sighs, A world of happy morrows ; A heaven of light unknown to blight Of winter bleak and dreary, Whose days are long and sweet with song, Whose hour 8 are never weary. What matter though earth's pathways glow No more with springtime gladness t What if each June has flown too soon And left a look of sadness ? No real love so true will prove, No tones one-half so tender, No lips so pure as those which lure The soul to visioned splendor. . ISif Miss Leonora Horn, of Peru, Neb., has a head of bair sixty-eight inches in length. She baa refused $500 for the treasure. ..- - COMMISSIONERS' SALE OF 1,200 Acres of Valuable Lands. By virtue of a decree of the Superior Court of the county of Mecklenburg, we will'sell at Pub lic Auction, at the Court House door in the city of Charlotte, on Monday the 16th day of January, lootf, tue Lanas wnicn were owned by the late Mary M. Wallace. The Home Place, 4 miles from the citv of Charlotte on the Lawyers road, contains 408 acres, wiih a large Brick Dwelling House, good Barns and other improvements. rlhe Allen Place contains 267 acres, is 4 miles from the city, adjoins the Home Place, and lies between tne JLawyers road and the Monroe road. lhe Wynens Place, on the Potter road, con tains 133 acres, adjoins the Home Place and is about the same distance from the City. The Wilson Place, on the Lawyers road, 6 miles from Charlotte, contains 822 acres. The Brumley Place, on Reedv Creek. 7 miles from Charlotte, contains 97) acres. We will also sell a valuable Gold Mine, in Union county, near Matthews', known as the Henry Phifer Mine; lhe llome tract, the Allen tract, and the Wil son tract, each, will first be offerjed in lots and then as a whole. This sale is made subject to the ratification and approval of the Court. ? Terms One tenth cash: balance in two eoua installments at one and two years, with security and interest from date. Deeds and Plats can be seen at the Law office of OSBORNE & MAXWELL, Charlotte, N. C. Parties desirina: to examine the property will apply to S. H. Farrow, at the Brick House Place. JOHN R. MORRIS, W. C. MAXWELL, Dec 2, 1881. tda . , , . Commissioners. Trees for Delivery. My trees are now ready for delivery, opposite Mr. Allen Crnse's residence, C 'Tryon street, be tween 5th and 6th. A fine lot of Trees, Plants. Flowers and Flower Seed on hand. Any thine: in my line furnished on short notice.. , T. W. SPARROW, Dec 9, 1881. ' Charlotte, N. C. Har graves & Wilhelm. NEW GOODS. Our Fall Stock is now complete, and the hand somest and cheapest ever offered in this market. It embraces a full line of Silks, Satins and Surahs, in all shades and qualities. ' Our Stock of Dress Goods and Dress Trim mings is me most varied ana attractive ever seen in this city. Cloaks, Dolmans, Ulsters. WalkiDg Jackets, and Children's Cloaks, in all qualities and shades. shawls, Balmorals. Repel 1 ants, Cloakmgs, Oil Cretonnes, Worsted Fringes, to match. Velvets, Velveteens, Plush, &c. A complete line of Flannels, Cassimeres, Da masks and Towels A large assortment of Ladies' and Gents' Neck wear. . We have an immense stock of Boots, Shoes, Hats and Clothing, That we are selling; at extremely low prices. All we ask the public and our patrons is to give our stock a careful inspection. Ihey will find the greatest variety and cheapest stock of Goods ever shown in this place. We will save you money by calling to see us. All-wool Plain Black Bunting at 15 cents. HARGRAVES & WILHELM. Sept 30, 1881. NEW MILLINERY. We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock of Millinery Goods, Containing all the latest styles and qualities of Ladies', Misses and Children's Hats and Bonnets. Also, all the novelties for trimming : Feathers, Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna ments, etc. Also, our usual large and attractive stock of White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear, Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, bbawls (Jloaks, Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies Mus lin Underwear just received, that we are offering at very low prices. Oct. 14, 1881. MRS. P. QUERY. Just Received AT TIDDY'S CITY BOOK STORE A well selected Stock of WRITING PAPER, Including Note, Letter, Sermon, Legal and Fools cap, which they propose to sell cheap for cash. Also, French Paper of every description with Envelopes to match. Also, Paper in boxes, to suit the most fastidious. SOCIAL ETIQUETTE OF NEW YORK. A standard treatise upon the laws of good society in New York. CONGRESS TIE ENVELOPES a new lot just received. Edward Todd & Co.'s Celebrated Rubber Pens, A Pen by some considered superior to a Gold Pen. TIDDY & BRO. are also Agents forEmer san's celebrated Rubber HAND-STAMPS; and any orders given them wjll receive prompt atten tion. Cash paid for Rags. A. A. GASTON, DEALER IN Stoves, Tin-Ware And Hoose Furnishing Goods, CHARLOTTE, N. C. He keeps the largest stock of Stoves and Tin Ware ever offered in this market. $100 reward will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have sold the "Barley Sheaf" for eleven years. Call at my Store under Central Hotel building, and examine my stock. tSF" Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured to order, and all Repairing promptly executed. Feb 1,1881. " A. A. GASTON. Registration of Deeds. We wish to urge upon our readers, or at least those who own land, the import ance of having their deeds registered, a matter that but few seem to appreciate. By the laws of North Carolina (see Bat tle's Revisal, chap. 35, sec. 1,) "no con veyance of land shall be good and availa ble in law, unless the same shall be ac knowledged by the grantor, or proved on oath by one or more witnesses in the man ner hereinafter directed, and registered in the county where the land shall lie, within two years after the date of the said deed." But every legislature ex tends this time for another two years, so that practically the last clause of the above quoted section is inoperative, and a deed may be registered at anv time. Still it must be registered before it is "good and available in law," and we must express our disapprobation of every Legis lature extending the time within which deeds may be registered. It makes our people too careless about the titles to their land, creates litigation, and optus too wide a door for fraud. Every man's deeds ought to be recorded in the Regis ter's office for his own protection and for the protection of those who may purchase from him. For his own protection, be cause they are not "good and available in law" until they are registered, and if lost or destroyed before registration (as is fre quently the case) he may be put to much trouble and expense. And for the pro tection of purchasers, because unless the deeds are registered how can a purchaser trace out the title or know that he is ob taining a valid title? If all deeds were registered a purchaser could very easily ascertain whether he would acquire a good title, but as the Liw stands he cau- not. A prudent purchaser may now thoroughly examine the books of the Register's office in any county in North Carolina, satisfy himself that the title is good because he there finds a deed duly recorded in the name of the vendor and no deed purporting to have been executed by the vendor, and yet the vendor had sometime previously made a deed to an other person who has not had it recorded. This uncertainty about titles is calculated to repel the investment of capital in this State and indeed does repel it. An in stance of this has recently occurred. A large number of thrifty Germans had ne gotiated for and .agreed upon the pur chase of a large body of land iu Hender son county, but upon close examination the title was found defective because cer tain deedshad not been ' registered and could not be found, and so they gave up their trade and are probably lost to our State. We have heard of other - similar cases. Ve hope that no future Legisla ture will lollow this pernicious practice of their predecessors in extending the time for registration of deeds, but require every deed to be promptly recorded. Pittsboro Record. ? English Speaking Mkx. At the pres ent time this race numbers rising 100,000, 000. Outside of the Chinese, they are the largest body of men speaking a common language. They rule in all the conti nents. Two continents that of North America and the island continent of Aus tralia are absolutely dominated by them. They are in possession of the southern part of the continent of Africa. They own groups of islands and strategic positions in all parts of the globe. Two hundred millions are subject to them in India. Peas and Pea Meal. The very best food for horses and cows. For s&lc by JOHN VANLANDINGHAM. Ausr. 19.1881. CONFECTIONERIES, GROCERIES, &c. Cakes and Bread. C. S. HOLTON, at the Rising; Sun Store, oppo site the Old Market, still keeps a large assortment of Confectioneries, &c, and a good selection of choice Family Groceries all of the freshest and best quality. Bread and Cakes. His Bread is considered superior by all who use it, and his assortment of Cakes is fine. I3P Wedding Cakes and Cakes for Parties pre pared in the best style at short notice. Give me a trial when you need anything in my line. C. S. HOLTON. Jan. 14, 1881. Lumber ! Lumber ! ! LUMBER ! ! ! I am prepared to furnish Lumber to persons desiring the same in any quantity. I have Steam and Water Mills, and can saw Lumber or Giind Grain at any time. Address, Dr. I. J. Sloan, Charlotte, N. C. I. J. SLOAN. Dec. 2, 1881. 3mpd GOOD COFFEE. Everybody wants it, but very few get it, be cause most people do not know how to select coffee, or it is spoiled in the roasting or making. To obviate these difficulties has been our study. Thurber's package Coffees are selected by an ex pert who understands the art of blending various flavors. They are roasted in the most perfect manner (it is impossible to roasc well in small quantities,) then put in pound packages (in the bean, not ground,) bearing our signature as a guarantee of genuineness, and each package con tains the Thurber recipe for making good Coffee. We pack two kinds, Thurber's "No. 34," strong and pungent, Thurber's "No. 41," mild and rich. One or the other will suit every taste. They have the three great points, good quality, honest quantity, reasonable price. Ask your Grocer for Thurber's roasted Coffee in pound packages, "No. 34" or "No. 41." Do not be put off with any other kind your own palate will tell ycu what is best. Where persons desire it we also furnish the 'Ideal" Coffee-pot, the simplest, best and cheap est coffee-pot in existence. Grocers who sell our Coffee keep them. Ask for descriptive circular. . Respectfully, &c , H. K. & F. B. THURBER & CO., Importers, Wholesale Grocers and Coffee Roast ers, New York. P. 8. As the largest dealers in food products in the world, we consider it our interest to manu facture only pure and wholesome goods and pack them in a tidy and satisfactory manner. All goods bearing our name are guaranteed to be of superior quality, pure and wholesome, and deal ers are authorized to refund the purchase price In any case where customers have cause for dis satisfaction. It is therefore to the interest of both dealers and consumers to use Thurber's brands. Dec. 16, 1881. 5w Internal Revenue in North Carolina. We have received a copy of the annual report of Commissioner Raum, the presid ing genius of the Internal Revenue Bureau. His report contains many details of interest to North Carolinians, for we are contri buting somewhat to those revenues of the government which are collected through this bureau. Among his recommendations is one providing for the payment of pen sions to disabled revenuers,and the widows and families of those who may be killed in their encounters with the moonshiners. We have pensions enough to pay now without entailing additional burdens of that kind upon the people. Mr. Raum devotes considerable space to the discussion of civil service reform. No one ought to have a greater familiarity with the dark side of the civil service and its abuses, and therefore Mr. Raum does not surprise us when he indulges in round ed periods on fixture of tenure, and the theories relating to the matter. So far as the internal revenue service is concerned, we favor a very easy and speedy mode of reforming it abolish it. Some of the de tails found in his report supply ample rea sons for this CsDsarean operation. We will confine our attention particu larly to the 6th collection district of North Carolina. The report for the fiscal year euding June 3, 1878, shows that there were then in all of North Carolina but ninety-seven registered distilleries usiner grain, and 1,483 fruit distilleries. The ninety-seven grain distilleries used 55,518 bushels of grain, those of the 6th district using more than one half 34,551 bushels. Wo may take it, therefore, that there were about sixty distilleries in that district in 1878; The amount collected was $253, 874, while the pay or cost of collection was $2 1,785. That was the situation three years ago. For the last fiscal year Commis sioner liaum paid out in that district to collectors $48,417 ; per diem to storekeep ers and gaugers $211,437, and for their traveling expenses $8,470; in all $268,324, as agaiust $21,785 three years ago. The collections in the meantime had risen to $499,455. In three years the collections had iucreased $245,5S1, and the expenses had iucreased $246,539. For every addi tional dollar collected it cost the ruent a dollar to collect it ! Besides this, Dr. Mott was allowed $3,0il as expenditures to detect frauds. The number of bushels of grain used in the State had risen to 280,000, of which 206, 877 were used in the sixth district. In that district there were 298 distilleries in operation, of which 286 did not exceed the capacity, of five bushels of grain a day, and the others did not use ten bushels a day.: From these figures it is very apparent howl the thiug is done. Large distilleries pay potter than small ones, but only the Bmalltrnt kioJ ave pat. up in the sixth dis trict. Therris.4a regular combination, doubtless with tb$ concurrence of Com missioner Raum, to )Jit up the distilleries intoVmail ones, each distillery being al lowed a storekeeper at $3 per day, paid by the government. So that where three years ago oue man had a distillery of fair capacity, to day he has several of smaller capacity, side by side, each provided with a storekeeper, paid by the government, who divides his money between the Re publican party and tho distiller, and who combines with the distiller to defraud the government. This is said to be the solu tion of the matter. It is a regular system of fraud from beginning to end, corrupting the morals of the people and leading them to think there is no harm in cheating the government. Such is the view taken of it by those familiar with the matter. Mr. Raum winks at it because it pre vides places for hundreds of men who are thus bribed to become supporters of his party by the paltry place of gauger oi' storekeeper. It gives him an opportunity to put a quarter ot a million ot dollars in election years where it will do the most erood. And he does it. And while doingr it he prates about civil service reform iust, as we suppose, Brady talked about an honest administration ot postal attairs while expediting star routes and aiding in robbing the government of millions of dol lars. In the second district there are three stills; in the fourth fifteen, and iu the fifth, one hundred and thirtv-one: of which eighty-seven have a capacity not exceed ing five bushels of grain per day. In the sixth district there was not a single person arrested last year for illicit distillincr. In the fifth district the cost of collecting in 1878 was $18,700. and last year $106,000, of which $SO,000 was paid to gaugers and storekeepers. The tax on tobacco in its various forms yielded, last year, $41,106,546.92. There were manufactured 161,000,000 of pounds of tobacco and snuff, and 3,300,000,000 of cigars and cigarettes. There are 15,000 manufacturers and 400,000 dealers in to bacco. One hundred aud forty-five mil lions of pounds of leaf were manufactured into tobacco and snuff, and 61,000,000 of pounds were made into cigars and ciga rettes ; of the latter 6,000,000 of pounds were imported, leaving the total domestic leaf used 200,000,000 of pounds. There were exported 227,000,000 of pounds, mak ing the total crop about 425.000,000 of pounds. There are twenty-seven States in which tobacco is manufactured, and forty-four in which cigars aud cigarettes are made. The quantity of leaf used in manufac turing was 145,911,385 pounds, scraps 6,280,333, stems 3,0S0,249, making a total of 155,27, 1,967 pounds. This was manu factured as lollows : Into plug 89,806,795 pounds, tine-cut chewing 17,362,174 pounds, smoking 35,283,301 pounds, snuff 3.977.121 pounds, making a total manu factured ot 146,429,391 pounds. Leaf used in cigars and cigarettes, 61,389,178 pounds, making 2,519,582,149 cigars and 534,082, 196 cigarettes. There are twenty-seven cities and towns in which 1,000,000 pounds and upwards are manufactured, and ninety- five cities and towns in which 2,000,000 and upwards cigars and cigarettes are made. The aggregate quantity of leaf used is 207,300,563 pounds, and including scrap and stems is 216,661,145 North Carolina stands second in the manufacture of smoking tobacco,and fourth in plug. Of smoking she makes 4,379,565 pounds, and plug 6,405,585 pounds. The stems are mainly used in smoking tobacco, and as onlv 89.438 pounds are. used in North Carolina, it is reasonable to sup pose that it is much purer than any other. Maryland used 970,735 pounds of stems and Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, Ohio and Wisconsin each used more than North Carolina, so that it seems that for the purest smoking tobacco North Carolina stands at the head. Winston takes the lead in the State on the manufacture of plug; and Winston, I 1 . . .. K 1 11... ' 1 1 . 1 . I Durham and Reidsville each consume over 1,000,000 pounds leaf. Durham takes the lead of any city or town in the United States in manufacturing smoking tobacco, and registers 4,189,937 pounds. W. T. Blackwell & Co., of Durham, are the largest manufacturers of smoking to bacco in the United States, and Lorrillard & Co., of Jersey City, are the largest man- ufacturers of plug. plug. In addition to the smoking and plug manufactured in Durham, there were 2,347,206 cigarettes made and reported by W. T. Blackwell & Co. North Caro lina and Virginia raise the lightest and best tobacco lor smokers raised in the Union n. In the West the plant is larger ot gross or coarse texture, with large and uf amd an3 i a Kitf oi onit M oi, cn .o .1 DUticu iui piug auu uue-i:ub uuevwug. xveiiiucsy proauces what is known as "black fat." which has a very large black leaf with a peculiar flavor. Large quantities of this are ship ped abroad. North Carolina raises,according to Col. Cameron's estimate, about 50.000.000 of pounds of tobacco, and. according to the census estimate, about 30,000,000. Strik ing an average, we put it at 40,000,000, for which she realizes about ten cents a pound, or $4,000,000. That is what her tobacco planters get for their crop, while the government gets, in the way of taxes, about $6,000,000 from it. Our manufac turers make about seven cents a pound. They use less than 15,000,000 of pounds of leal, stems, scraps, fcc, 292,000 pounds of licorice, 1S1,000 pounds of sugar, and 180,000 pounds of other material. Their product i-t 13,000,000 of pounds, on which they make less than $1,000,000 profit. The leaf tobacco brings into the farmers about $1,500,000, and to the government, in the way of taxes, $2,400,000, or just about as much as the tobacco is worth with the profit of the manufacturer added. halei(h Observer. Cheap Fuel. The smartest man I've met in Iowa is a farmer near Fort Dodge. His name is Bill Uuggles. He lias a 4UU-acre farm, a splendid dairy, a coal mine under his farm I and a fine belt of hard timber within sight of his house. When I went into Mr., Ruggles's large tiog room I noticed a very large stove. It was the shape of a parallelopipedon-1-about four feet long, three feet high, and ther same broad. It heated.. the sitting room and hall very nicely. "1 see you burn wood, Mr. Kuggles, I remarked, as I held my hands to warm them. No, sir; I can't afford to burn wood. It's too much work to cut it." "Then coal, I suppose," I continued. "No, sir; too much work to dig coal. I'm burning something that beats coal or wood cheaper than either of them, though I have both coal and wood on the faim." "Well, what can you burn cheaper than wood or coal?" I asked, desiring to solve the puzzle. "Why, I burn corn stalks, sir. Corn stalks are the cheapest aud best fuel on earth. It is ten times as easy to gather corn stalks and tie them into bundles as it is to cut down those trees. Why, I can go into the corn field with two men, and in a day bundle up corn stalks enough to warm my house all winter." "Let me see you put some corn stalks into the stove," I said. - ! Mr. Ruggles stepped to the door and brought in a bundle of corn stalks about three feet through. They were bound tightly together. The bundle weighed about forty pounds. Then, lifting the top of the stove, he laid them in upon the embers, and closed up the Iront damper. "How long will they burn?" I asked. "Three hours. I don't let them burn with a flame. My stove closes air-tight 1 let them burn slowly without flame. I get all the heat there is in them. The stove is large, with an immense radiating surface. It uoesn t have to be very hot 'VNow," said Mr. Ruggles, "five such bundles a day keep my sitting room warm - -v 1 . or buu bundles lor the winter. 1 can bind up 600 bundles of corn stocks in two days alone. 1 couldn t chop the wood to warm this room in a week. Then m the spring I have a load of strong ashes for my wheat field, while my neighbors have to cut up the same cornstalks in the spring to get them away from the harrow. It makes me smile when I hear about those idiots up in Minnesota who have fifty-acre cornfields, and still go cold or buy coal Why, I'd rather burn cornstalks than cut int0 the street and give them to the ras maple wood within sight of the house." ai Ti,n A aoon ,hh a Wk "How would wheat straw dor 1 asked. "Just as well, only the stove would have to be twice as large, I d have it made of sixteenth-of-an-inch boiler iron, four feet long, and four feet high, with one little damper, which could be closed air tight." The True Wife Oftentimes I have seen a tall ship glide by against the tide as if drawn by some invisible bowline, with a hundred strong arms pulling it. Her sails unfilled; her streamers were drooping, she had neither side-wheel nor stern-wheel; still she moved on stately, in serene triumph as with her own life. But I knew that on the other side of the ship, hidden beneath the great bulk that swam so majestically, there was a little toilsome steam-tug, with a heart of fire and arms of iron, that was tngging it bravely on; and I knew that if the little steam-tug untwined her arm, and left the ship, it would wallow and roll about and drift hither and thither, and go off with the refluent tide, no man knows whither. And so I have known more than one gen- ius, high-decked, full-freighted, idle-sailed, gay-pennoned, but that for the bare, toil ing arms and brave, warm-beating heart of the faithful little wife that nestles close to him, so that no wind or wave could part them, he would have gone down with tne stream, and have been heard ot no more. Oliver Wendell Holmes. Steam and Water Power. General Wilson, the President of the New York and New England Railroad Company, at the late annual meeting of the stockholders of that company, made a very important revelation. He was dis cussing the coal supply for the New Eng land mills, and the necessity for establish ing low rates for its transportation. 4 He 8tated that "many mills in Massachusetts, . . . - which have depended upon water for their motive power, have been obliged to stop during dry seasons, and most of them are now putting in other machinery, and will in luture rely upon coal as their motive power." "This," says the American, 'brings into view both the decrease of tho wntpr nnvnr nf t.fin cnntitrr nrViiK ia everywhere going on in consequence of r.f ,-mv.Q ? un fact that, in consequence of their loss of this power, the factories of New England, driven to the use of steam, are stripped of one important advantage which they have enjoyed. Iheir great aggregation of capi ityf and the skiU of their operatives, have !! i,Ppn nmntu nf vanta W. t.h t.a t hpir Arr.iat.m ann mnphAniAa I inrrAmi. abundance ot water nower fcas been one 0f equal importance." o .L The South presents an opportunity for inn ii i r l nraaanrn capital to secure ample dividends without the use of coal, because our water supply is unlimited. Valuable Suggestion. Doctor Jurie, a prominent physician of Vienna, tells of two complete cures of dipsomania effected by him in an extraor dinary manner. One of the cases was that of an habitual drunkard who was picked out of the gutter by the police, and was handed over to the Doctor's treat ment, in the "Correction Hospital," for a period ol fourteen days. ijie doctor at, once ordered that every article of food or drink given him should receive a liberal addition of whiskey of a not over refined quality. Water, milk, soup, meat, and vegetables were all treated in this way, and whiskey was even infused into the air that he breathed through saturation of the walls, floors, and bedding. At first the man proclaimed himself highly satisfied with his treatment, and said he would always like to have such a sensible phys ician. The second day however, he be gan to feel nausea, the third day he vom ited immediately after eating, and there after not a meal was taken that was not followed by vomiting. From day to day he experienced increasing torment, and finally begged' pitiously for relief. The result was that at the end of two- weeks, though much reduced in flesh, he was fill ed with such repugnanco" for strong drink that he was never afterward able to in dulge in it again. The other case men tioned by Dr. Jurie was of a similar char acter, and was treated by him in the same way, and with equal success. Male Pockets. The full-dressed male animal abounds in pockets; he has coat-pockets, vest-pockets, and pants-pockets, side-pockets, hind-pock ets, hip-pockets, pockets in his overcoat, his ulster and his rubber overalls; never less than 16 to 20 ot the economical hiding places for lots of articles, cash in loose change, cash in bills, lawyers' briefs, ser mons, trademen's accounts, doctors' pre scriptions, architects' drawing, tax gath erers' lists, blank books of all sorts and sizes, enough to stock a book seller's stall or merchant's counting-room. All kinds of pocket articles are enumerated and de fined in the dictionary pocket comb, pocket, compass, pocket pistol, pocket money, pocket knile, pocket glass, pocket volumes, pocket inkstand, pen pencil and the like. A schoolboy's pockets are a cu riosity; a repository for nails, balls, jack knives, ginger bread and apple cores, fish ing twine and angle worms, and, as he grows older, billets from the girls, "ex cuses" from his mother, and extra prob lems from his teacher. A female lecturer of some celebrity said "the only thing lor which she envied a man was his multitude of pockets." Troy Times. Columbus Ga. has a bad man who trained his dogs to steal. A night or two ago one of its most prominent citizens was aroused by a terrible fluttering among the ducks out in the yard. He had thir teen ducks in the drove and the unusual commotion at such an hour in the night caused him to get up and see what was the cause of the disturbance. Imagine his consternation when he found seven of his ducks lying dead in his yard and four others in the hand of a negro thief, lhere is nothing strange about this, but the mauner in which the thief was committed is the singular part. The negro had two dogs one a large white one and the other a small black one. lhese dogs he sent into the yard to catch the ducks, which t lit-tr (tfl and wmilrl t.hn narrv them out cal. The dogs were seen each with a duck carrying them out to their master. If the truth was known, there is hardly any doubt about the fact that these dogs have been traiued to this kind of theft, and that the owner has made it profitable in send ing them on raids among the fowls. A watch should be upon this rascal, and it may be that his dogs will yet be the m strument of bringing to him a well de served punishment. Cure for Dropsy. A gentleman of this city gives the following, which he terms an infalliable cure for dropsy. To one quart of sweet cider put one quarter j of ounce of saltpeter, together with a suf- ficient quantity of horse-radish and pars ley root to make the mixture taste strongly of those ingredients, and take a good draught three times a day after eat ing. Our informant says he has known it tried in various instances and always with success. Wilmington Star. A Valuable Petrifaction. An ex hibition in an Eureka. Nev.. bakery is a piece of petrified wood, about the size of a very big man's hand. It assays $1,500 - to the ton in silver, horn silver glistening all over it. About one-half of the singular specimens is the clearly marked bark of the fossil tree with leaves embedded there in and tinged with copper stains, the ether part being the grain of the wood, seeming ly nut pine, plainly defined. FOB THE HOME AND DEMOCRAT. A Problem for Children of the Common Schools. Three persons, A, B and C agreed to purchase together a tract of land contain ing 249 acres, 1 rood and 5 poles, at six teen dollars per acre, of which A wanted 30 acres and' 12 poles, B wanted 16 acres, 2 roods and 15 poles, C the remainder, being 142 acres, 2 roods and 18 poles. lhe parcels wanted oy A and B being less valuable than that warned by C, A, B and C mutually agreed that A and B should pay less than sixteen dollars per acre, and that A and B should each pay the same price per acre, and that C should pay more than sixteen dollars per acre, and that C should pay just one dollar "per acre more than that paid by A and B. What is the value ot the tract at six teen dollars per acre? What did A and B have to pay per acre ? And what did C have to pay per acre ? How much did A pay for 30 acres and 12 poles? How much did B pay for 16 acres, 2 roods and 15 poles? And how much did C pay for 142 acres, 2 roods and 18 poles? Jrlease give a solution of this problem and a proof of its solution. MAGISTER rOEKORUM. Charlotte, Dec. 9th, 1881. ' - m ? Time a Great Conforter. "What are they?" the reporter inquired. "Those," answered Mrs. Souby, "are pho tographs of dead wives. They were brought here a long time ago, and the owners have never returned lor them. These you see here are not a quarter of what 1 have had. Ihey began accumu lating at such a great rate that I had to pack them up in boxes and stow them away in tho lumber room. They were left here by husbands, and, my! you just ought to see the sorrowful and pitiful-look ing faces they brought with them! lhe poor men would come in and, with tears in their eyes, present photographs of their deceased wives and ask for portraits of them. 'Spare neither pains nor money in making the pictures,' they would say, and, of course, I would follow out instruc tions. The pictures were finished,, but never called for, and hence it is that you see this collection. Some of the men have been married, and the others, I suppose, have forgotten that they ever wanted por traits of their dead wives. Perhaps they think it wouldn't do to let a second wife. be,confronted constantly with a picture of a first wife." New Orleans Times. ' ' A Young Lady Cured by Prayer and Married one year - after. -The wedding of Miss Lillie D.Tyler of Damas cus, Wayne county, Pennsylvania, to Mr. John G. Mitchell, of the same town, took place a day or two ago, precisely one year from the mysterious cure of the young lady. Miss Tyler had been an invalid for upward ot six years with a peculiar dis ease which kept her confined to her room most of the time. She was treated by eminent physicians from New York and Philadelphia, but in vain. In October, 1880, she heard of a female in Connecti cut who cured people by prayer, and to this person Miss Tyler wrote, receiving a reply appointing the 26th ot November as the day when Lillie should, with her riends, pray lor ber restoration to health. The day came, and Miss Tyler was so weak she could scarcely raise her head rom the pillow. The company included her iamiiy and pastor, Kev. 1 nomas Weetcot. At noon they commenced their prayers, and before night the young lady was able to go about the house, and, as her cure has been entirely effected, she has just redeemed the pledge made long ago to Mr. Mitchell, and they were mar ried last Saturday by the same clergy man who prayed so fervently only a year before for her recovery. The case has at tracted widespread attention, and the story as told by the bride is true in every particular. Slate Pencils. The hard, black Ger man slate pencil has been superseded of late years by' the round white pencil of clay elate. At the quarry near Castleton, Vt., about 35 workmen produce 50,000 pencils daily, and it is proposed to increase the daily output to 100,000. The blocks when quarried are sawed into pieces seven by twelve inches, split to a thick ness ol a half inch and smoothed by a planer. The block is passed under a semi-circular knife, and, after having been turned over, the process is repeated. The result is 50 7-inch pencils. A particle of quartz in the block would break all the pencils. 1 hey are pointed by a grindstone turned, assorted, and sent to market in boxes of a hundred. Proportion of Farmers. The last re port of the Commissioner of Agriculture shows that 7,600,000. persons in the United States are engaged in agricultural pursuits. The total value of farms and implements is $13,461,200,433, or two thirds of the productive wealth of the na tion. The value of farm products and live stock for 1878 was $3,000,000,000, against $2,800,000,000 of mining and manufacture ing products. Thus it appears that only a majority of the adult male population of the United States is engaged in agricul ture, but more than one-half the wealth of the Union is invested in that industry. Prayers on a Railway Train. A petition is now being circulated and has received the signatures of those accus tomed to travel on the New York and New Haven Railroad, requesting the directors of that road to set apart the rear car on each of the morning trains to New York for the use of those who desire to hold religious services on the train The services are to be held between Mt. Vernon and New York, and will consist of Scripture reading, singing and prayer. One hundred signatures to the petition are required by the superintendent before granting the request. 2T The richest person to-day upon the Sandwich Islands is Claus Spreckles of Honolulu. A few years ago he was laughed at when he purchased 10,000 acres of land for ten cents an acre, as the tract was at the foot of an extinct volcano, and covered with a crust On the surface like a flagstone walk. He broke up this crust, mixed the dust with a small quan tity of vegetable mould, thoroughly irri gated the soil thus formed, and planted sHgar cane. To-day he is a millionaire.