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ft w f J flV ipflr VP Mil cm i) era I OLD SERIES : VOLUME XXX. CHARLOTTE, N. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1882. VOLUME XI. NUMBER 564 THE Charlotte Home and Democrat, Published evkby Fbipay by J. P. STRONG, Editor & Proprietor. o Terms Two Dollars for one year. Onb Dollar for six months. Subscription price due in advance. o "Entered at the Post Office in Charlotte, N. C., as second class matter," according to the rules of the P. O. Department. ROBERT GIBBON, M. D , CHARLOTTE, N. C, (Office corner 5A and Try on Streets,) Tenders his professional services to the public, as a practical Surgeon. Will advise, treat or operate in all the different departments of Sur gery. March 5, 1881. DR. T. C SMITH, Druggist and Pharmacist, Keeps a full line of Puie Drugs and Chemicals, White Lead and Colors, Machine and Tanners' Oils, Patent Medicines, Garden seeds, and every thing pertaining to the Drug business, which he will sell at low prices. March 28, 1881. J. P. Mc Combs, M. D , OllVrs his professional services to the citizens of Charlotte and surrounding country. All calls, both night and day, promptly attended to. Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite the Charlotte Hotel. Jan. 1, 1882. JOHN E. BROWN, Attorney at Law, Chaki.otte, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts. Office on Trade Street, opposite the Court House, No. 1, Sims & Dowd's building. Dec 23, 1881 y DR. M. A. BLAND, Dentist, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte Hotel. Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth. Feb 15,1881. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Practice Limited to the EYE, EAR AND THROAT. March 18, 1881. DR. J. M MILLER, Charlott6, N. C. All calls promptly answered day and night. Office over Traders' National Bank Residence opposite W. R. Myers'. Jan. 1. 1882. A. 1IUKWELI.. P. D. WALKER BURWELL & WALKER, Attorneys at Law, CHARLOTTE, N. C. Will practice in the State and Federal Courts, Office adjoining Court House. Nov 5, 1881. WILSON & BURWELL WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Druggists, Trade Street, Charlotte, N. C, Have a large and complete Stock of everything pertaining to the Drug Business, to which they invite the attention of all buyers both wholesale and retail. Oct 7, 1881. HALES & FARRIOR, Practical Watch-dealers and Jewelers, Charlotte, N. C, Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and Clocks, Spectacles, &c. which they sell at fair prices. Repairing of Jewelry, Watches, Clocks, &c. done promptly, and satisfaction assured. Store next to Springs' corner building. July 1, 1881. SPRINGS & BURWELL, Grocers and Provision Dealers, Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses, Syrups, Mackerel, Soaps, Starch, Meat, Lard, Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c., which wo offer to both the Wholesale and Retail trade. All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the lar gest buyers. Jan 1, 1882. j. Mclaughlin, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Groceries, Provisions, &c, Collefe Street, Charlotte, N. C. Sells Groceries at lowest rates for Cash, and buys Country Produce at highest market price. t3T Cotton and other country Produce sold on commission and prompt returns made. Nov. 1, 1881. TORRENCE & BAILEY, College Street, Charlotte, N. C, Commission Merchants, Handle Graiu, Flour, Bran, &c. Cotton stored and sold. Oct. 7, 1881. 6m. W. A. TRUSLOW, Jeweler and Watch Repairer, CHARLOTTE, N. C, Respectfully announces that, having succeeded E. J. Allen, in the Watch and Jew .dry business, he has just added to his stock of Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, CLOCKS, SPECTACLES, &c, And he hopes by close attention to business and fair dealing to merit a share of patronage. BP Fifteen years constant experience in the WATCH REPAIRING Department enables him to fully warrant every Watch entrusted to him. Do not forget the old stand on Tryon street, near the Square. Oct. 7, 1881. 6m HARRISON WATTS. Cotton Buyer, Corner Trade and College Sts.. up Stairs. CHARLOTTE, N. C. Oct. 14, 1881. Central Hotel Barber Shop. GREY TOOLE, in the Basement of the Cen tral Hotel, still carries on the Tonsorial Art in its various branches. He and bis assistant Artists are so well known for their skill that it needs no multiplicity of words to inform the public where beards can be shaved smoothly and hair cut ana dressed in fashionable style and "with dispatch." uive mm a trial. (iUEi lUUL-ta. July 89, 1881. Under Central Hotel. A Sunny Temper. What a blessing to a household is a merry, cheerful woman one whose spirits are not affected by wet days or little dis appointments, or whose milk of human Kindness does not sour in the sunshine of prosperity, Such a woman in the darkest nours brightens the house like a little piece of sunshiny weather. The magnet ism of her smiles and the electrical bright ness ot her looks and movements infect every one. The children go to school with a sense of something great to be achieved : her husband coes into the worm in a conqueror's spirit. JNo matter , ' . . f how people annoy and worry him all day, far off her presence shines, and he whis pers to himself, "At home I shall find rest." So day by day she literally renews his strength and energy, and if 'you know a man wiiu a prosperous ousiness, in nine cases out of ten you will find his wife of i this kind. Valuable Land for Sale. By virtue of a Deed of Mortgage executed to me by E. Lewis and wife Caroline H. Lwis, and recorded in the Register s Office of Mecklenburg county, Book 8, Page 12, 1 will at 12 o'clock, M., on Monday tne 13th day or March, 1882, at the Court House door in Charlotte, N. C, offer for sale at public auction, to the highest bidder, for cash, that valuable tract of LAND whereon the grantors now reside, lying in said county, on the line oi tne A... T. & O. Itailroacl. containing one 1 1 J . .1 . r ,,.- uunureu anu sixiy-nve iiooi acres. Known as "Oak Grove," and more fully described in said Mortgage. A. L. ALEXANDER. Mortirairee. R. D. Graham, Attorney. reo. iu, mz. rw MORTGAGE SALE. By virtue of a Mortgage Deed executed bv Wm. F. Beatty and wife, to Robert Gibbon, for certain purposes therein mentioned, and regis tered in tne Kegister ot Deeds office in Mecklen burg county, N. C, Book 25, page 98, 1 will sell at the Court House door in the City of Charlotte, on the (Kb day of March, 1882, at 12 M., the Property located in the City of Charlotte on Church street, and adjoining the property of J. D. Northey, 8. Wittkowsky and Milton Aydlotte, and known as the Wm. a. Beatty Home-place There is on the premises a comfortable Dwelling, out-buildings, and good Well of Water. Terms cash. ROBERT GIBBON, Feb. 10, 1882. 4w Mortgagee. NOTICE. By virtue of a Mortgage executed to me by .James Boyd, to secure a bill of costs in the In ferior Court, I will expose to sale on the 6th day ot March, 1883, at the (Jourt House door in Char lotte, the House and Lot near the old Fair Grounds, known as the Jim Boyd property. Terms cash. P. H. PHELAN, Trustee For further particulars apply to W. W. Flem- ming. Feb. 10, 1882. 4w NOTICE. By virtue of the power contained in a Deed of Mortgage executed to the undersigned by S. F. Houston and wife, they will expose to sale on Monday, the 6th day of March, 1882, the House and Lot on the corner of Eighth and Pine streets, known as the Houston property, lerms made known on day of sale. WM. M. SH1PP. W. W. FLEMMING, Feb. 10, 1882. 4w Trustees. NOTICE SALE. By virtue of an order of the Superior Court for Polk county, North Carolina, in the matter of W. W. Flemming, Administrator of J. C. Mills, vs. Mary M. Cureton and others, 1 will offer at Public Sale the LANDS belonging to the estate of the late J. C. Mills, on the first Monday in March, (the 6th day.) 1882, at the Court House door in the county of Polk. Terms Two and a half per ceDt cash, balance on twelve months credit, with note and approved security, with interest at six per cent from day of sale. The above Lands are situated in Polk county, within one mile ot the bpartanburg and Ashe ville Railroad, on the Pacolet River, and are very desirable for agriculture. About 150 acres of fine bottom Land. For further particulars address, W. W. FLEMMING. Adm'r., .fee., Feb. 3, 1882. 5w Charlotte, N. C. NOTICE. Bv virtue of the power given in a Deed dated the 21st day of April 1881, executed by Alfred Stokes and Susan Stokes, his wife, duly recorded in the office of the Register of Deeds for Meck lenburg county, I will expose to sale at the Court House door in the citv of Charlotte, on the 6th day of March, 1882, the House and lot of Land at liiddle Institute, known as tne property oi saiu Alferd Stokes. Terms, cash. L. W. PERDUE. Feb. 3, 1882. 5w Sheriff's Sale. I will sell for cash, at the Court House door, in the city of Charlotte, on Monday, the 27th day of February, 1882, to satisfy executions in my hands, the following described ueal Estate viz One Tract of Land in Steele Creek Township, ad- ioinincr the lands of Mrs. M. J. .Lewis, M. it. Kobinson and otners : Boiu as me rroperiy oi . ... m i -i - v. a. c W. W. Robinson. Also, to satisfy executions in my hands, and to satisfy executions ior taxes, tue iouowiug in scribed Keal Jfistate: a. jonnsion mieresi n the Tract of Land known as the McGinn Gold Mine, adjoining the lands of John Jamison, John Ewing, J. W. Wadswortn ana otners. M. E. ALiEi AA.JX UYA, Sheriff of Mecklenburg county, N. C. Jan. 27, 1882. 5w Administrator's Notice. Having qualified as administrator on the estate of Thomas J. Ualdweii, aeceasea, on tne ou uuy of February, 1882, I hereby notify all persons indebted to said estate to come forward and set tle, and those havin? claims szainst said estate to nresent the same for payment on or before the 10th dv of Feb. 1883. or this notice will be pleaded in bar of their recovery. JOSEPH M. WILSON, Adm'r of T. J. Caldwell. Feb. 10, 1882. Owpd OUR Valentines WILL BE OPENED On the 5th instant. TIDDY & BRO. Feb. 3, 1882. Administrator's Notice. Having qualified as administrator on the estate of the late Joseph H. Irwin, on the 7th day of ifW2 1 herebv notify all persons in debted to said estate to come forward and settle, and those having claims against said estate are hereby notified to present the same for payment on or before the 15th day of January, 1883, or this notice covery. will be pleaded in ded in bar of their re- A. IRWIN, Administrator Jan. 13, 1882. 6wpd . Squibbs' Medicines Are regarded by all as Standard. We hive just received a supply for our prescription counter. WILSON & BURWELL. An Appeal to the Heart. Is there one heart bowed down with care, That needs scarce more to break it? Oh, if one word that heart will cheer, Brother, speak it ! Is there one soul pressed to the grave, With death and sin to crave it ? Oh, if a helping hand will save, Brother save it ! Is there one wretch now hungering for The bread that would relieve it ? When but a loaf will give succor, Brother give it ! Are there sad hearts now dimmed with tear, That ask some one to clear them ? Does some soul cry, when prest with fear? Brother hear them ! Is there some life that bears its cross, And all too weak to bear it ? Count not the sharing all a loss; Brother, share it ! Is there reward for kind deeds done, Vouchsafed by Love Infinite ? O brother, while it may be won, Brother, win it ! How Artificial Teeth are Hade. A reporter of the Star recently visited a factory in this city where false teeth are made by the million. In the process ot manutacture the sucx and feldspar in their crude state are submitted to a red heat, and then suddenly thrown into cold water, the effect being to render them more easily pulverized. Having been ground very fine in water and the water evaporated, the two materials mentioned are dried and silted. The kaolinc is wash ed free from impurities. These materials. with feldspar, sponge, ulatina. and flux in proper proportion ior the enamel, are mixed witn water and worked into masses resembling putty. Thisdone.the unbaked porcelain masses are ready for the mould ing room, lhe moulds are in two pieces, and are made of brass, one-half the teeth or sections being on either side. The col oring materials are first placed in the exact position and quantity required, and the body oi the tooth and the gum is inserted in lumps corresponding to the size of the teeth. The moulds are then closed, and they are dried by a slow heat. When perfectly dry they are taken out and sent to the trimmers room. The trimmers re- it" r . i i.i move an irapeiiections, and send tnem in trays of fire clay to the furnace, where, having remained for twenty minutes they are complete. Wilmington (Del.) Star. UMw9 1 Rheumatism Relieved by Vaccina tion. As an instance ot the "new appli cation of old remedies." it may be men tioned, says the "index-Appeal Peters burg, that a lady of this city who has suffered constantly and severely with rheu matism for many months past, has been almost entirely relieved ot her sunvnngs by vaccination. As scon as her vac cination had taken well, the rheumatic suffering began to decrease, and continued to decrease as recovery from the effects of the propbylatic progressed, until now she is almost entirely restored to natural health; and, whereas, she was lately in al most constant bodily pain, and could scarcely move without some suffering she now enjoys delightful ease. If vaccination can be proved to be a cure ior rheumatism, as well as a preventive ot small-pox, the discovery will be hailed with joy and gladness by many thousands. Let the matter be investigated by the faculty and well tested. NEW MILLINERY. We are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock of Millinery Goods, Containing all the latest styles and qualities of Ladies', Misses and Children's Hats and Bonnets. Also, all the novelties for trimming: Feathers, Flowers, Ribbons, Silk, Flashes, Satins, Orna ments, etc. Also, our usual large and attractive stock of White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Neck Wear, Gloves and Hosiery, Corsets, Shawls Cloaks, Skirts, &c. Another large stock of Ladies Mus lin Underwear just received, that we are offering at very low prices. Oct. 14, 1881. . MKB. f. UiSKI. A A. GASTON, DEALER IN Stoves, Tin-Ware And Bouse Furnishing Goods, CHARLOTTE, N. C. He keeps the largest stock of 8toves and Tin- Ware ever offered in this market. $100 reward will be paid to any party that ever sold a larger or heavier Stove than the "Barley Sheaf." I have sold the "Barlev Sheaf" for eleven years. Call at my Store under Central Hotel building, and examine my stocK. tW Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware manufactured to order, and all Repairing promptly executed. Feb 1. 1881. A. A. WAaiun. Reduction in Winter Goods. PROM TO-DAY All Fall and Winter Goods will be sold at great reduction to make room for Spring purchases. Now is the time to buy Merino Underwear, Blankets, Comfortables, Overcoats, Cloaks, Jack ets, Dolmans, heavy Boots and Shoes. We have a bareain counter for Dress Goods, on wnicn you win nna o cent, uouun tteiuug -m t a r- a. jf 1 1 1 rapidly at 16 cents. A call will convince you we mean every word m this advertisement. T. L. SEIGLE CO. Jan. 13, 1881. Trees for Delivery. .... My trees are now ready for delivery, opposite Mr. Allen Cruse's residence, on Tryon street, be tween 5th and 6th. A fine lot of Trees, Plants, Flowers and Flower Seed on hand. Anything in my line furnished on short notice. T. W. SPARROW, Tiec. 9. 1881. Charlotte, N. C WANTED. Turkeys and Geese, the highest price paid by S. M. HOWELL. Feb.10, 1882. New Times Compared with the Old. Surely the women to-day, of all classes and conditions have reasons for thankful ness not only for household conveniences, labor-saving machinery, and a thousand wide-open avenues oi honorable support where once were none but also in the matter of personal adorning. Think of it, ye dainty dames, robed in materials that rival the rainbow s hues, than which Solo mon in all his glory was never so arrayed. how Martha Washington was proud to own two dresses of'domestic manufacture "composed of cotton and stiped with silk; the silken stripe in the fabric being woven from the ravelings of worn silk stockings and old crimson chair-covers!" At a ball given in her honor in New Jersey, the first President's wife appeared "in a russet stuff gown, with a white kerchief around her neck." How does this compare with the trailing velvets, embroidered satins, and foamy laces that the Jenkinses of to day are called upon to chronicle? As well as the first "First Lady" compared fti some other respect with the wives of later Presidents. It seems sacrilegious to hint it, but the truth is that Madame Washing ton could spin much better than she could spell. Personally she was a fair represen tative of the average American maiden of the eighteenth century, for in her tune, whatever superior educational advantages may be boasted of to-day, New England utterly ignored the education of women. They were shut out even from the Boston High school because they had flocked to it in such numbers in pursuit of knowledge. hue Massachusetts boys went to Har vard, or were sent across the sea to be ed ucated, the girls were self-taught if taught at all. Massachusetts had no right to boast over the Old Dominion in those days. The daughters of the cavalier were ofteuer taught to dance and play the spinnett than the daughters of the Puritans. The homely virtues and moral rectitude ot Martha Washington are ULclouded, but her greatest claim to veneration is due to the accident of marriage. While the af fairs of the Mount Vernon estate, to their minutest detail, were superintended by General V. ashiugton himself in addition to his cares ot state, Mrs. Washington super intended her hand maidens and spinning- wheels. Looms were constantly at work in her house, and her husband at his first inauguration wore a full suit of home-spun cloth woven under her eyes. lhe histo rian tells us that in Philadelphia and Jsew Yoik, where she held her grand levees, she always sat in state instead of fatiguing her limbs by hours of standing. The guests stood instead, and the President passed around among them, speaking politely to each one, but never shaking hands, airs, ilemrner says: It was re served to a later generation to shake that poor member till it has to be poulticed after official greetings." When the clock's hand pointed to ten, Madame Washing ton arose with affable dignity, and bow ing to all, retired, leaving her guests to do likewise. "With this action, says the authoress aforesaid, "it was unnecessary to repeat the announcement which she made at the first levee held by her in JNew York, viz: 'General Washington retires at ten o clock, aud 1 usually precede him. Good night.' " n English manufacturer who break fasted with the President's family in 1794 says: "1 was struck with awe and ven eration when I recollected that I was now in the presence of the great Washington, the noble and wise benefactor of the world. Mrs. Washington her self made tea and coffee for us. On the table were two small plates of sliced tongue and dry toast; but no broiled fish, as is the custom here, she struck me as being somewhat older than the President, thouerh I understood both were born in the same year. She was extremely si in pie in her dress, and wore a very plain cap.with her gray hair turned up under it." We are told how the wile ot another President informed some distinguished potentate that "the General kicked the kivers off last night and I cotched cold:" and how. at one of the Presidential ban quets, Mrs. Madison offered Mr. Clay a much ot siiun irom her box. taking one herself. She then put her hand in her pocket and drew out an old red bandana i ji i. i, u ....l,,wl i,,-,.. handkerchief which she applied to her nose, and said: "Mr. Clay, this is for rough work; and this" (alluding to her lace bordered square ot cambric ) "is my nohsher." Another story told ot Mrs. Madison illustrates her kindness of heart; 'Two plain old ladies from the West, halting in Washington tor a single nig nt, m m m TTT W 1 W . yet most anxious to behold the xr resident s famous and popular wife, meeting an old gentleman on the street, timidly asked him to show them the way to the Presi dent's house. Happening to be an ac quaintance of Mrs. Madison, he conducted them to tne .executive mansion. ine . . ts . m m mi President's family were at breakfast, but Mrs. Madison good naturedly came out, wearing a dark gray dress, with a white . .a a tiK;0f nnnaA rnnH apron and a linen kerchief pinned around her neck. Not overcome by her plumage, and set at ease by her welcome, when they rose to depart, one said: "P'raps you wouldn i mind it 1 jest kissed you, to tell my gals about? Mrs. Madison, not to be outdone, kissed each ot her guests, who planted their spectacles on their noses with delight and then departed." A lady gives the following picture of life in the White House in the early, part of Jackson's administration: "The large parlor was scantily furnished; there was light from the chandeliers, and a blazing fire in the grate; four or five ladies sewing around it Mrs. Donelson, Mrs. Andrew Jackson, jr., and Mrs. Edward Livingston. Five or six children were playing about, regardless of documents or work-baskets. At the further end of the room sat the President in bis arm chair, wearing a long, loose coat, and smoking a long reed pipe with a bowl of red clay combining the dignity of the patriarch, monarch, and Indian chief. Just behind was Ld ward Livingston, thebecre- I ' f CtntA vaoinrv o rlians tsli fpnm t Ka "j " -- ",-'. - French minister on foreign affairs. The ladies glance admiringly now and then at the President, who listens, waving his pipe toward the children when they be come too boisterous." But we haven't space to repeat all the tales that are told of successive occupants of the old house since the days when Abigail Adams dried her weekly wash in the East Room. Twenty-Three Millions Defieieney. Congress Asked to Appropriate this Sum to Make up the Shorts in the Accounts Two Mil lions more to be Added. Secretary Folger has transmitted to Congress the estimate of the deficiencies in the various Departments for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1882. He asks for $23,159,690.81. To this will be added about $800,000 required for Defrees and his printing office, and about $1,000,000 for other purposes, which either the House or the Senate committees will stick on. thus swelling the deficiency of this present fiscal year up to $25,000,000. Here are some ot the items : The Depart ment ot the Interior had $220,000 given them for their printing for this year ; De frees has used all this, and now $58,350 more is needed. The State Department wants $8,337.44 to finish paying up the Yorktown spree. They had $20,900. They want. $2,000 for their contingent, and $22,000 for con suls. They had $578,500. and want $31.- 991.40 more. $4,762 is wanted for Alex Ramsey. Thos. L. Young, and S. O. Houghton, who went to San Francisco to see what Frank Page had discovered wrong about the mint. By the way, Young is a Congressman from Ohio, and as such, from the 4th of last March, receives $5,000 a year. He is down for a salary of $1,000 out ot this $4,762. The law says no one can receive two salaries from the Government. Look sharp, Governor xoung. then the Mint Bureau wants $25,000 for one thing or another. lhe Internal Revenue Bureau wants $70,000 more to make up deficiencies. lhe Coast and Oeodetic Survey re quires 40,000 more. They have had $480,000. They want $24,420 more for the paper on which greenbacks are printed. They have spent $25,000. ror the fuel, light, and water for public buildings they ask for $156,000. They have had $450,000. The B ish Commissioners ask for $77,000. Fhey have had $198,000. $5,000 is needed to finish paying for the draping of the Department buildings at tne time ot the death ot Fresident Oar- field. $360,000 is required to pay back import ers money wrongfully paid to custom of ficers. The Secretary of War wants $2,500 for his contingent fund. 52,000 more is needed for mileage to army otneers. lhe Quartermasters department cries aloud for $400,000 in addition to the $4,000,000 already given. $125,000 is required to pay the land- grant railroads their 50 per cent, of freight charges. West Point asks for $27,000 additional to their quarter of a million. lhe men of the military telegraph lines need $9,000, or they 11 get no more sol diers. Amount required to pay balance due officers and soldiers for bounty and pay etc., $350,000. mi -i-v i lhe .wavy uepanment asks lor various deficiencies, amounting in all to $30, 819.03. The Interior Department needs $5,500 more contingent. They want $50,000 to photo-lithograph patents, etc., and $30,000 to finish the cases at the National Museum. The Freedman's Hospital needs $3,000 in addition to the $42,000 already given. lhe Fublic Land bervice asks for $85, 000 in addition to the $1,500,000 already used. The Indian Bureau asks, in a long de tailed account, for $980,575, in addition to the $30,000,000 regularly given. Army Pensions. Under this head, $20, 000,000 is required to pay up for 1878 to 1881, inclusive. The Po8toffice Department asks for $28,- 525 to pay steamship companies for carry ing the mails. Ibis in addition to the $225,000 already expended. This Depart ment needs f 1,349.79 to pay newspapers iated t once 1 ' tor advertising, inis should De appro- $775,750 was appropriated for mail messenger service: $13,000 more is needed. The Department of Justice got $2,225 800 for this year. They must have $287,- 509.98, or the wheels of justice stop When the deficiency bill comes before w M the Houge anJ Senate there wiu be added a C0Upie 0f mil lie couple of millions to the above estimates, making the amount required about $25,- 000,000. The Law of Finding. The law of finding is this : The finder has a clear title against the whole world except the owner. The proprietor of a railroad car, a coach, or of a shop, has no right to the property which may be found . u:- c..-u upon his premises. Such proprietors may make regulation in regard to lost property which will bind their employees, but they cannot bind the public. The law of finding was declared by the King's Bench 100 years ago, in a case in which the facts were these : A person found a wallet containing a sum ot money on a -I a TT A . U ,.1U anil content, to th. .hop-koepor to be retomed , the owner. Alter ..fee yenre, . d.ri.g which the owner did not call for his pro- perty. the under demanded the wallet from the shop-keeper. The latter refused to deliver them on the grounds that tbey were found on his premises. The former then sued the shopkeeper, and it was held as above set forth, that against all the world but the owner the title of the finder is perfect. And the finder has been held to stand in the place of the owner, so that he was -permitted to prevail in an action against a person who found an article which the plaintiff had originally found, but subsequently lost. lhe police have no special rights iu are conferred by statute. Receivers of articles found ml trustees fortbe owner or f, tk. finW Thv ha. nowrin T , r :Ii . i . . " - , j Ii thpfirukrhastn rptaln an article aerainst The word piety ocean bat once in the Bible. What Foods are Most Economical? With an advance of twenty to one hun dred per cent and more, in the price of Biapm ioous, me aoove is now a most lm- portant questiou to over forty millions of our people, and one of much interest of to seven or eight millions more. Probsbly there are two millions who take no thought or care as to the cost of their daily diet. Meats, flour, potatoes, corn meal and milk, are the main articles of " sustenance for the great masses. Fish. rice, beans and oat meal (recently) with lesser amounts of some other articles, are consumed; but these altogether do not, we judge, constitute one-tenth of the food of the entire people, perhaps not more than five or six per cent. Dried or smoked beef, ham and cheese. rank higb, but dried fish outranks all others. The nutritive value of dried cod fish is remarkable, and it deserves special attention, one hundred pounds of it sup plying as much nutriment as three hundred and forty-one pounds of beef ! It is cheap and abundant everywhere, be cause very portable, and easily kept. It yields labor sustaining aliment at from one-niuth the cost of beef in different sec tions of the country. It is easily digesti ble and if properly freshened and cooked it can be made palatable and acceptable to a very large class needing to practice economy. At the average price of beans these are the cheapest strength sustaining of all direct products ot the soil, if not charred or hardened in baking. The drought has greatly diminished the yield and the present price is high, but they are still comparatively economical. lhe occupation of any class of persons has much to do with deciding the most economical foods. It is estimated that in a temperate climate an average man needs each twenty-four hours, simply to sustain life without increasing his weight, about eleven and a half ounces of heat-producing and four and a quarter ounces of flesh forming foods. Laborers and those put ting forth much exertion need most of the flesh forming food, such as lean meats of all kinds, eggs, cheese, hsb, beans, peas, oat meal, bread, cabbage, roots, etc. Those exposed to cold need more of the heat producing foods, as fat meats corn- meal and generally those articles contain ing large amounts of oil or starch, or both, of sugar, etc. American Agricul- tunet. What to Call Her. W hen a woman addresses her partner with gushes of affection, as "Hubby," or "My dearest hubby," he may possibly like it if he can bear it, but most men would like to bear almost anything else. One fears that different terms of address may follow, which represent another mood. On the other hand, when a man addresses his spouse as " Wifee, it is almost impossible to avoid thinking of "doggy," and there is an unpleasant feeling of sickness at hearing the work. But when one hears a husband address his wife as "Queenie," which is said to be the word used by one of the most distinguished authors of New England in addressing his better half, it seems as if the wife had her proper place in his affections. The word is expressive; it grants the superiority of woman ; i ra th rones her in his home. Uuite in con trast is the reserved tone in many house holds. It is always "Mr. Smith" and "Mrs. Smith," and one fears constantly that he may disturb the dignity of that house. Such severe propriety, however, can hard ly endure innovations of children. It is ((mamma" an1 crara" txrnih arhfton nnfi'a feelings, and then they grow into the re respectable terms, "father" and "mother," until the wife calls her husband "lather," and the husband calls his wife "mother." When there are no children and it is al ways "Mr." and "Mrs." there is a skeleton in the household, and love has escaped through the window, like Noah's dove, in search of a new life. Then there are the severally homely terms which one finds in use by Charley's father toward bis wife, the woman saying "my man," or simply t'mon " ti Vinalion A oilflroefiliitf tlm nnrt- LUWtJ, HIU II I l.ll 11 .. V I . , wu. I ner of his toils simply as "wife" or "wo man," and yet when there is a smile on the hardy faces, the words are wonder fully freighted with meaning. After all, there is nothing like simplicity and hon esty between husband and wife. Boston Herald. How Macaroni Got its Name. Macaroni is eaten with relish equally by all civilized European people. At the commencement or the close of a dinner, in the character of sweet or of savory alike, it is deservedly as popular without as with in the frontiers of its native land. But the incident which originally gave it its name $ we Tentttre P.1"5 Jg" fe f those-even in Simly, its birthplace--wbo hold it in the highest esteem. Once upon a time a wealthy Palermitan noble owned a cook, not only accomplished beyond com pare in the practice of his profession, but gifted by nature with an inventive genius. One day, in a rapture of culinary composi tion, this great artist devised the farinace ous tubes which all love so well, and the succulent accessories of rich sauce and R gSMS&TS! fci1 tR PS who sugo in Southern Italy. Having filled a mighty china bowl with this delicious compound, he set it before his lord a gourmet of the first water and stood by, in deferential attitude to watch the effect of his experi ment. The first mouthful elicited the ejaculation "Cari!" idiomaiicaUy-equiva- lent to "excellent" in .English, lrom the illustrious epicure. After swallowing a second modicum, he exclaimed, "Ma, can ! or "Excellent, indeed V Jfreseutly, as the flavor of the toothsome mess grew upon him, his enthusiasm rose to even higher flights, and he cried out, in a voice tremul- ous with joyful emotion, "Ma, caroni !" superlatively excellent ! In paying th is verbal tribute to the merits of bis cook s discovery, be unwitt ngly bestowed a name I upon that admirable preparation which has stuck to it ever since. London Tele- OraPh' tm If the feathery gills of a small perch could be unfolded and spread out, ' tbey would cover nearly a square yard. "I Beg Your Pardon.' civil word is the cheapest thing in the world, and yet it is a thing which the young and happy rarely give to their in- feriors. See the effect oi civilitv on a ronh little street boy ! The other evening a young lady abruptly turned the corner and rail against a boy who was small, and ragged, and freckled. Stopping as soon as she could, she turned to him and said. W m v i oeg your pardon ; indeed, 1 am very sorry." lhe small, ragged aud freckled boy looked up in blank amazement for an instant ; then taking off. about three fourths of a cap, he bowed very low, smiled until his face became lost in the smile, and answered, "You can hev my parding, and welcome, miss ; and yer may run agin me and knock me clean down, an' I won't eay a word." After the young lady passed on he turned to a comrade and said, half apologetically, "I never had any one to ask my parding, and it kind o' took me off my feet." A Street Car Which Carries Its Track. The Chioago Times gives a dis cription of a street car which carries its own track introduced in that city by a company which claims to have a capital stock of $1,000,000, and whose object is to build one thousand of these cars and place them upon the streets of Chicago. The car, which is of the ordinary kind, is mounted in the middle upon a truck which sits on four wheels run around the inside of two steel tiers, each ten feet in diameter, and which rest upon the ground, and are held only to the car by a set of wheel clamps. The car is designed to hold fifty people, and the owners claim that the more it carries the easier it runs. It will be stopped in the usual manner, and two horses will be required to pull it. The owners say that they intend putting the cars upon the principal streets of the city, and plaoing the cash fare at lour cents and selling thirty rides for $1. Ridden 125,000 Miles. Says the War renton, Va. .correspondent of the Baltimore "Sun" : The mail-rider between Warren ton Fauquier county, and Washington, Rappahannock county, Ya., is an old man named James liar re! I, who has been riding mail for thirty years past. A calculation shows that on his present route since early in 1865 Harrell has ridden at least 125,000 miles, or a distance equal to five times around the globe. His route is twenty-five miles long, and he makes it both ways three time a week. He is generally mounted on an old rawbonc horse, and it is marvelous the number of packages the old rider carries besides his big mail-bag. He will undertake to carry anything he can get on bis horse and it is a fact that be once carried some distance on his route a small cooking stove and about sixteen feet of stovepipe. A Painful Foot. A Welsh lady named Broderick, when a child of 10 or 12, stepped upon some glass, by which the sole of oce of her feet was filled with the broken pieces, which were, however (as supposed at the lime), all extracted. A few weeks since she began to have a sore ness in the foot, which increased until it became necessary to consult a physician Dr. S. R. Baker who, upon pressing his finger upon a certain place, found a hard spot which was very sensible to the touch. An incision was made, and a piece of glass over an inch long and three-quarters of an inch wide at the base, tapering to a sharp point, was snugly hiddeu under the bones of the instep, where it bad probably lain for nearly or quite fifty years. Neto Haven Journal and Courier. It is generally the case that the most faulty find the most fault. Those who write the poorest generally expect it to be read and printed the clearest of mis takes. Those who do the least for others are generally the ones that expect others to do the most for them. Those who have the least religion themselves are generally the ones who berate others for a lack of it. , iWt f5ff" Reports from Patrick county, Va., are to the effect that there is much suffer ing there amongst the poorer classes in consequence of tne scarcity of breadstuff's, caused by last Summer's drought. It is also said that the supervisors of the coun ty are asking permission of the Legisla ture to purchase supplies and sell them to the needy. KST A colored man poisoned his band while working in a tannery in Sandy Creek, Oswego county, N. Y., recently. One day last week his little finger pained him considerably, and without waiting for a doctor, be cat it off himself with a knife and some scissors. The band is now improving. The cultivation of the sweet- scented violet is pursued nowhere with such ardor and success as in Hamburg. Many persons have from 2000 to 3000 pots. The flowers bloom the year through and attain extraordinary size aud fra- grancy. The peppermint crop of the United States reaches about 70,000 pounds a year, of which 30,000 pounds are exported. Two-thirds of the peppermint oil of this country is produced in New York, and about one-third in Michigan. When a young man for the first time omits the prayer he promised his mother to make before going to sleep at nignt, a aownwara siep is laaen oy J Don't take that step. him. fg Take a cup of cream off the milk pana e Vcry morning when you make fcread . jt wm make the bread moist, wbite and delicate, and yon will hardly migg jt from tne cream. Ct'Kious. Take the initial letters of Chester A. Arthur and James A. Garfield thus, C. A. A. J. A. G. now cut out all the A.'s and we have left the initials C. J. G. Charles J. Guiteau ! tST" Australia imported English spar rowe to kill worms, but it found the birds I are the worst pest of the two, and boun ties are offered for their destruction.