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Home - Democrat C1IAULOTTE, N. O. , Farther Particulars 6-bout the Great Storm. .-,, VV- In addition to what we published last week about the destructive Storm of wind and rain that passed to the South, and South-east of this city on Tuesday night the 19th inst., we gather -the following saddening details from exchanges. The storm injured nothing of any conse quence in this county, nor in auy. of the counties west of this. It seems to have jumped from Chester and Lancaster coun ties, S. C, into Union, Cabarrus, Anson, Richmond, Stanly, Montgomery, Harnett, part of Wake and Johnston counties in this State, and then branched off into gome of the lower counties of South Carolina adjoining the N. C. line. It did no damage in auy of the Eastern counties of this State. Cababrus County. In Concord, the Register says the gust was a cyclone in the south part of the town. A track about one hundred yards wide swept over the residence of Mr R. A. Brown, tearing off the roof and blowing down the walls of the south gable. The debris fell in upon the beds of the family. Mr and Mrs Brown and their three children were in the house, in bed, when the storm struck and all were more or less injured. The cyclone struck the house of Mr VV. M. Smith and blew down his chimney and stripped the roof off the main building, taking rafters, sheeting and all and knock ing down some of the wall. It blew the weBt chimney off of Mr A. B. Young's residence and did bo me damage to the roof. The tin roof was stripped off the store of Mr It. E. Gibson. Treee were blown down on Ma'n street, the glass in several houses was broken by hail. The storm was accompanied by the most ter rifio hail storm that has visited this town for years. In the vicinity of Boat's Mill the cy clone was very destructive. The widow Barnhardt lost several out-buildings, Ilillery Earnhardt's house was blown. At least twenty-five buildings are de stroyed. Trees were blown down or bro ken off in every direction. It blew down Mr Allen Boger's smoke-house, unroofing his out-houses. Mr Ilartsell, living on Mr A. Boger's farm, had hia buildings blown down. Mr Ilartsell was seriously but not fatally injured, and his little daughter's arm fractured. Polly Howell's house was blown down to the foundation, no one hurt. At the Norris T. White place all buildings were blown down, no one hurt, one horse killed. All Capt. J. II. Newell's buildings were blown down except dwelling and kitchen. Mrs Fur guson, all buildings blown down to foun dation, some bed clothing lodged in trees 25 feet high, old lady's arm broke, her daughter's leg broke. At Ben Robin son's, all buildings blown down. Mrs Robinson is supposed to be fatally in jured. At Mrs E. C. Black's all buildings blown down, Mrs Black hurt, buggy blown away. The cyclone was about 4 miles wide, blowing down and twisting off all trees in its track, the tops flying to every point of the compass, tearing some up by the roots and carrying them from 15 to 30 feet, from where they stood. On Adams' Creek, west of Mt. Pleasant, we learn that the corn and wheat mill of Mr Alfred Ury was demolished and his resi dence damaged, his neighbor's, Mr Fag1 gart's barn, was blown down and his house badly damaged ; a new school house near Mr A. C. Barrier's was blown down and a great deal of timber on Daniel Bar rier's land was prostrated. Stanly County. Mr. S. J. Pemberton writes to the Observer: As far as we have been able to learn the following houses in Stanly have been destroyed: E. M. Brooks, Wm. Brooks, VV. F. Hinson, Sarah Robbins, Isaac Marbry, VV. II. Simpson, John B. Simpson, Swaren gen, Helms, David Lowder. The last is the fine two-story dwelling erected at the old Kirk Ferry, the mouth of the Uwharrie, by the late Neill McKay, Esq. It had five strong brick chimneys to it, which were levelled to the ground. They say the house is literally kindling wood. It was carried about seventy-five yards across a ravine. There were four persons in the house, Mr. and Mrs. Lowder and their two grown daughter?. Mr. L. was very badly bruised, but is up and about. Mrs. L. is so badly hurt that she may not recover. One of the daughters, about sixteen years of age, is fatally hurt. The other, fourteen years of age, had her hip dislocated. The crib with all his corn was blown and scattered away. Every house on the place demolished. Wheat scatter ed everywhere; provisions, household S)ods, wearing apparel all gone. Some the clothing of the family is to be seen hanging to bushes on the Montgomery side of the river, which is yet too greatly swollen to cross. I give you these particu lars as to Mr. Lowder's 60 that you may know how it was here. Montgomery County. The most fear ful and destructive hurricane ever known in this sectiou swept across the Pee Dee river from Stanly county, at the mouth oi the Uwharrie river, and taking up the .oourse of the Uwharrie about five miles, as now reported. Mr. Neill McKay, of -Moore county, was detained at the house of Willis Dennis, on the Montgomery side, waiting for the falling of the river, and ;was in the house with Mr. Dennis and his 'family when it was blow over,but escaped, as did Mr. Dennis and his family, without ;any serious hurt. Every house on the ; plantation was blown down, scattering ..property in every direction. After pas sing Mr. Willis Dennis', is Mr. R. C. j Hall's, some mile and half up the river. .The wind unroofed all the houses and barns, and killed his daughter, nearly grown. The next is his nearest neighbor, ( Only a short way off, Wiley N. Harris, s whose houses were blown to pieces, and t his little daughter killed. The next report .ed is some two miles up the river, at Uwharrie a postoffice and the houses of . the following parties living near were , blown down or unroofed : J. E. Sanders' . store, dwelling and gin house; J. P. Ilar per, John Morris, Eddie Mullinix, A. R. I Dennis, Hancel Beaman, James Byrd, Wil- i son Davis, Alary Hurley, Adahne Hurley, Simpson Morris, Littleton . Dennis, Mark Harvell, Jr., Pad Dennis and Polly Craw ford; and of these theiouses of Wilson .,Davis and Eddie Mullinix were burned. yTh.e wife and child of Mr. A. R. Dennis -were killed; also James Byrd and wife.and ,'one or two are missing. , " Union County. -The storm seemed to dmde west of Monroe, and it is impossi ble to decide on which side of us it was raoBt severe. On the south of us we first hear of it at Mrs Jane Brown's.- in Lane's Creek township, who had every house on her place blown down. Mrs Bpown was badly hurt and her daughter was mortally wounded. It next struck the widow Philmon's, who bad every house on the place - destroyed. Mr Billy Horton's bouse was left standing bat turned com pletely around. At Mr Buck Hortou's every building wa destroyed and every member of the family more or less hurt. Mr J. P. Horn's cotton press and shop were destroyed. At Mr S. F. Ross' every building was destroyed and his wife in jured. At Mr Lewis Kriraenger's every building was destroyed, and his sister severely injured. The cow, geese and chickens were killed. John Biveu col bred, living on Mr G. D. Allen's place had everything destroyed and himself and family were blown to the woods. Their clothing was torn from them and their hands and faces lacerated. At Mr G. D. Allen' every building was destroyed, and Mr Allen and one child slightly injured. The geese and chickens in the yard were killed. Mr Marley Griffin's house was blown down and burned up, and Mr Griffin, it is feared is mortally wounded. All this was in Lane's Creek township. A stump five feet in diameter and not over two feet high was blown up by the roots and carried 45 yards; hundreds of smaller stumps were torn up by the roots, and the timber, when not blown down, was twisted and torn in a surprising man ner. The main current of the storm was not more than fifteen feet wide and its track looked like the bed of a river or creek, so completely was everything re moved from it. The scenes at many of the houses were most harrowing the houses, clothing and bed-clothing being blown away, many of them wounded and bleeding and left without sufficient cov ering to protect them from the cold. The wonder is that there was no greater loss of life ; that so many escaped amidst the wreck of dwellings and falling timber seems truly miraculous. In other town ships, as far as heard from, some hundred or more dwelling houses were destroyed, besides all out-houses, etc. Much suffer ing needs to be relieved. Anson County. A Wadesboro corres pondent says: "The cyclone either di vided before it reached the North Carolina line or we had two traveling in almost parallel lines. One passed through Dar lington, S. C, and crossed Pee Deo river, in the lower part of this county, and then went on to Rockingham, where it did great damage. A private letter from there says fifty persons were killed and wounded in Richmond county. The other cyclone passed west of this place, crossing the Carolina Central road about half a mile east of Polkton, and crossed the river up near the Montgomery line. This one passed right through the country and de stroyed every living thing in its path. So far I have heard positively of the death of only six persons in Anson. All the houses except dwellings were destroyed on the plantations of Henry Huntley, Jas. W. Ward, William Little, F. B. Flake, in this county, and of John D. Pemberton and Capt. Bradley, in the upper river sec tion of Richmond. One gentleman in this county says of a tract of seventy-five acres of well timbered land belonging to him, not a sound tree is left. On the farm of Mr. Bee Martin, on Brown creek, the cabin of a negro man was blown down and he was instantly killed. On JUr. bteve Boyette's place every house except his dwelling was blown down. Fate Allen, colored, was crippled by his house being blown over. James Thomas, white, a tenant of Mr. Moody Allen, lost his house and effects. James Huff, another of Mr. Allen's tenants, also lost his house. Richmond County. At Rockingham, the storm began about 9 o'clock and lasted about two hours, but the severest of it only lasted about half an hour from 10 to 11 o'clock and during that brief space of time about forty houses were leveled with the ground and twenty-five souls hurried into eternity, besides a great many wounded. During the night news was brought to town of the ravages of the storm, and by daylight wagons and bug gies and people on foot were hurrying to the horrible scene. Business of every kind was suspended, and everybody lent a helping hand to rescuing and caring for the dead and wounded. The court house was thrown open and converted into a hospital, where the dead and woundedJ were carried, and where everything that could be done was done for those in whom life still remained. About one mile south east of Mr Thomas P. Covington's was a small village of colored people. Here the storm did its greatest damage. Of about twenty houses not one was left standing. Every one was leveled with the ground ; even the floors were not left. Here 10 colored people were killed outright and several wounded, some of whom will be numbered with the dead. Right near the place lived Mr Richard Dawkins and Mr Asbury Sandford, both white. Both their houses were totally demolished, and Mr Dawkins was killed and one of his sons badly if not mortally wounded, and one of Mr Sandford's sons killed. At Mrs Mary Watson's the Btorm was severe. Her house was blown down and Mr Bob and Miss Anna Watson (her children) were seriously injured. She escaped unhurt. McDonald's mill was blown to atoms, Mrs Grant, white, and two children were killed and others wounded. In Wolf Pit township, south of town, the storm was also furious. Much damage was done to property, and Mrs Daniel Watson and a Mr Stewart were killed. The track of the cyclone was, on an average, about a quarter of a mile in width, and in its track not a thing was left standing except the small shrubbery, and that was stripped of every limb and branch. Among the fallen trees and timbers of houses could be seen the dead and mangled bodies of men, women and children, while the eye could see in every direction the carcasses of horses, cows, hogs, dogs, cats, chickens, and even birds. Hanging on the bushes were shreds of clothing, bedding, shoes, etc., which had been scattered by the tempests. The tornado did not reach Laurinburg. Harnett County. Reports from Lil lington, Harnett county, say six dead bodies were found in the path of the storm near there. Mrs Reuben Matthews, Mer ritt Overby, his wife and two sons, were instantly killed near Lillington. In Johnston County all the houses on Ransom Parish's premises were blown down. Several persons were injured, but no deaths have been reported. Wake County. On Tuesday night 19th, about 11 o'clock, a most terrific cy clone passed through the neighborhood of Rogers' X Roads, about twelve miles northeast of Raleigh. Nearly everything in the track of the cyclone was entirely destroyed. At Mrs Eliza Peebles, who lives about one mile south of Rogers' X Roads, the storm swept everything ad it whirled in its mad career. The bouse of Mrs Peebles, with heavy timbers and well fastened together, was utterly demolished. The timbers were carried over one nii!e from the house in a shattered "condition. Oaks four feet in diameter were blown down, thrown in opposite directions and lopped into each f other. George Peebles was instantly killed by the falling timbers. J. P. Peebles was badly bruiBed.; in the face and on the head, and one ibf his eyes was almost destroyed. Mrs Peebles was slightly injured in the hip, and Miss Lavinia Kelley, who. was living ,with the4 family, was bruised about her shoulders Chickens and geese were found dead in every direction. . Not a- vstigefaay thing was left on the premises of Mrs Peebles except in a shattered condition. On the farm of W. H. Pace houses were nn roofed, trees blown down and hurled in every direction and fences destroyed. Tne cotton stalks in one of hi fields were entirely swept from the ' ground. 1 ' About 1,000 panels of fence were swept from the farm of Hollis Horton, and many large trees were prostrated and - piled in - every direction. The public school house near the residence of Mr Horton was unroofed, moved about ten feet and otherwise badly damaged. The track of the cyclone was about 150 or 200 yards wide, and went in a northeasterly direction. ' From some of those who saw the cy clone as it passed near Raleigh, we have gathered some important and interesting points. We make out that it traveled at the rate oi about one hundred and twenty miles an hour. Its course was northeast. It stmck Matthews' at five minutes to eleven o'clock, and exactly at eleven was at Banks', ten miles distant. It was a fearful black cloud, resembling chaos, moving with the velocity of a cannon ball, accompanied by terrific displays of elec tricity, and followed immediately by rain and hail. The path was generally two hundred yards wide, but the chief de struction was confined within a breadth one-third that width. For ten miles it coursed along the ground between the points mentioned, how much farther it proceeded before rising we have not yet heard. South Carolina. At Darlington, S. C, four fine dwellings and twenty-five smaller houses were demolished. Two old white people and two negroes were killed and several were injuredw In Claren don county several plantations were ruined and a number of persons were killed and injured. At Chappell's Depot one person was killed and several were injured, and all the houses were levelled to the ground. Jackson's Depot was destroyed and five negroes were killed. ' Many plantations in that section were stripped of buildings and a number of negroes were killed, and many white people were hurt. In Lancaster and the surrounding country much loss was sustained. Buildings were swept away for a mile or two through the coun try. Near Shelton the destruction of pro perty was very great but no one was killed. At Greenville and in Pickens county there was great loss. A village called Golightly in Spartanburg county was totally destroyed, and three or more were killed. At Ninety-Six the destruc tion was terrible. A house fell on a family injuring all and killing one. The village ol Bradly was about destroyed. Georgia. Three hundred people have been killed, 900 injured and $2,000,000 worth of property destroyed in this State by the tornado. It is heart-rending to read the ac counts of the devastation caused by the cyclone,not merely in thisState,but farther south, where the storm was more violent even than with us. The town of Leeds, fifteen miles from Birmingham, Alabama, was obliterated and many persons killed. Cool Springs, was lifted up and moved away, but not without a fearful loss oi life. And so the storm went cantering through Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina as if guided by the Angel of Death and the demon of destruction. Terrible Tragedy in Mitchell County. From the Asheville Citizen. Information was received here on Wed nesday of a tragedy which in its whole sale slaughter equals the most bloody en counters of the west. The Marion Lamp Post of the 20lh (fives minuta details ot - g affi going into details which may be cornet, but which we will not repeat. It will be enough to say, on the informa tion of the Post, that an affray occurred on Sunday at the Burleson Miller mine, near Flat Rock in Mitchell county, in volving the loss of three lives, and the dangerous wounding of another of the par ties involved. Steven Burleson and Sebe Miller were working a mica mine under lease of Col. Isaac Bailey. Reuben Sparks claimed the property under a State giant, and had as signed one half interest in the mine to Ed. Ray and one Anderson, on condition that they took possession. It is stated by the Post that Ray and two of the Sparks men on Sunday took possession of an aban doned tunnel below the shaft-where Burle son Miller and lobt. Penland were work ing, and built a fire to smoke them out of the shaft ; and not succeeding in this, Ray went off for W. A. Anderson, his brother-in-law. Returning fully armed, to the mine, an altercation was provoked, Ray knocking Miller into the pit with his gun, Burleson in turn knocking Ray into the pit. Firing then began, resulting in the killing of Steven Burleson, Sebe Miller and Ed. Horton, and the dangerous wound ing of William Burleson. Ray and Anderson are both revenue officers; but the tragedy had no connec tion whatever with their official character. They are both at lerge. The country is intensely excited at a tragedy so . bloody and involving the lives of so many re spected men. SEIT The Philadelphia- Record says : "We have not been slow to observe, that the cheap labor, cheap land, cheap , water power and cheap raw material of the South make it the most inviting field . for manufacturing enterprise that has any existence on the face of the earth." Just such a field is Western North Carolina now. Right here on the border of the cot ton fields of North and South Carolina. With the finest water-power almost over the continent. The cheapest lands and labor and the finest susceptibilities for fruit raising, trucking, milling and all such. Why shall this not be, the land for the multitude ere many equinoctial decades Bhall have rolled away ? JSiT" The magistrates of Greene county by a vote of 25 to 6 abolished the Inferior court. This will send Mr. Lon. J. Moore back to Newbern, and save Greene the lasting disgrace of having an imported solicitor. Wilson Advance. A bill has .been introduced in Congress, by Mr. Potter, of New York,for refunding the government bonds at .two-and-a-half per cent. Congressional. On the 25tb jn the Senate, Mr. .Ransofa offered a joint resolution- to appropriate 1100,000 to;tbereiief of the. sufferer; by the receut great wind storm in the South erSjStitesipIIe said over 500 people were killea and many thousand wounded., and the suffering resulting from the stoTinyarlieti awful. Mr. Brown supported the resold tion in fitting -words. He -thought it a case clearly calling for the interposition of Congress. Mr;Pugb &bs BOpportedjit. He thought thai whenever the fclaitn was good lor the relief of the sufferers by the WesfeTn5arfTwl8 "e6S3TTom7Stt5ieri by this wind storm. ar Harris said, while he would be personally ready to aid the utmost extent of his power.iii contributing to the relief of the distress caused by. the hurricane, he would hot vote a, dollar 'out of the treasury Tor any uch purpose, as he, believed he had no constitutional powe r to do .soVftAi part of Tennessee, had suf fered by reason cf ibe storm but he had no intimation of a call for aid of the Na tional Government. Mr Garlariof thought there was no doubt of the Constitutionali ty of the measure. He. would take an op portunity when the resolution should be reported back from the'eommittee to give his reasons for supporting It on ! Constitu tional grounds. Mr Voorhees thought the immediate, supply of fare, clothing and shelter in the case of a great publo calami ty such as the recent floods in the west, seemed indespensable in the cause ot humanity. The question of how far the policy could safely go was, be said, un doubtedly an important one, but if the unfortunates were to be Jelt to private charity merely, they should ba made ac quainted with that fact. He thought they should not be left entirely to private charity. Mr. Ransom had. not, he said, received any intimation from his State that he should ask for the helping hand of the Government. He was glad to say he did not wait for any such intimation. The case was so just and so plain that he had no doubt of his duty in the matter. The resolution was referred to the committee on Appropriations. In the House, Mr Clements of Georgia, from the committee on Foreign Affairs, reported a resolution requesting the Presi dent to transmit to the House all com munications between the United States and Russia with regard to the condition and treatment of Hebrews in Russia, and especially in relation to Hebrew citizens of the United States. Adopted. Under the call of States the following bills were introduced and referred : By Mr Oates of Alabama, to prohibit aliens and foreigners from acquiring title to or owning land within the United States. By Mr Dowd of North Carolina, appro priating $50,000 for the relief of the sufferers by the late cyclone in North Carolina. A bill to prevent discrimination in freight rates by subsidy railroads, was in troduced in the House Monday by Mr. Nichols. State News. ISF" We learn that the freight trafic on the Western North Carolina Road, and also on the A. T. & O. Road, was never heavier at this season of the year. States ville American. We can name fiftv men in this countv. and more, who are makinsr monev j j - t j and laying up money every year by farm ing and yet persons say that farming dou't pay now. It does pay and it's about the only thing that does pay. Elizabeth City Economist. U3T I have been told that Mr. Paul C. Cameron sent a check for $125 to Mrs. Spencer, at Chapel Hill, to pay for a tab let in Memorial Hall to her husband, who was one of the most talented and hopeful men ever graduated at the University. Mrs. Spencer declined to use the money in that way, and will, so I hear, spend it for a tablet for some other worthy. Raleigh Chronicle. A Mountain Girl as a Gay Deceiver. About last Sunday week a girl who lived near Kilby postoffice, on the line be tween Alexander and Wilks, started off with one of her beaus, to VVilkesboro, to get married. On the way she told him she had forgotten something and" for him to go on while she went back for it. He did so and she returned, met up with another sweetheart, went on to Taylors ville with him and married him. No. 1 reared when he heard how the girl had executed a retrograde movement upon him, the more so that he had bought her wedding frock and bonnet, but the girl wasn't any the less married on that ac count. Statesville Landmark. Col. Walter Clark's new book. "The. Cod of Civil Procedure, with notes and decisions to 1884," is out and ready for delivery. It contains nearly five hun dred pages and is thorough and complete. There are 75 pages of "cited cases," a table indicating what section in. the new code includes thg, corresponding one in the old, and under each section are given all the decisions of theSupreme , court bearing upon . .it arranged under proper sub-heads. The labor bestowed on its compilation must have been great, and the work leaves nothing to be desired touch ing the subject of which it treats. It is alike creditable to Col. Clark's well known industry and to his" discriminating judg ment as a lwytr. The profession owe him'ihanks lor so complete a volume. The book is from the publishing house of Ed wards, Broughton & Co.,and is ueally and clearly printed as is their practice. Ral eigh Observer.-JS n y; "." I3F The many friends of Capt. Wm. Day, of Halifax, will learn with much pleasure that he - has tired of. so-called "liberalisra,",and returns to the folds -of old Democracy. Capt. Day evidently sees in "Mahone's career that only two political parties can exist, the one Demo cratic and the other Republican; or, to put it in stronger ' words a white man's party "and the negro party.' A third party cannot exist and can only lead to Republican success. - , We welcome him back to his first Mo velGotdsboro Mes senger. . Commissioner McGehee. The N. C. Department of, Agriculture has proved to be an institution of such inestimable use fulness and value to North Carolina that we may wonder now at the hostility that made its existence so long one of embar rassment and struggle. That -time has passed, we believe. Very much of the present favor the department enjoys is due to the enlightened efforts of Commis sioner McGehee, his indefatigable indus try, and his broad policy which has been so broad as to embrace North Carolina in the great field of industrial enterprises instead of restraining her within the nar row confines of State limits. And Mr. M. McGehee, has been ..fortunate in the co operation of associates so intelligent as Secretary -P M.i Wilsol and others. Asheville Citizen. : - , W"N. C. Supreme Court Decisions Spring Term, lSsV II 0 -Bunch vs. EdentoWl. A townia liable iu damages to ouewho receives an )njury by falling in an excavation War the Bide walk (made by the owner of the lot for a ar), where it appears there wan no con curring negligence and the municipal authority failed to cause to be erected a railing to prevent accidents to passers- y. -I 117 t l '.ft 2.' Tbe,court intimate th at the owner of the lot may be answerable in damages to the il piauuiu, pui mis is no aeience 10 ine ndant town.!i; ? : -;; ' xt.-c defe Deloatch vk. Coman. An action by a landlord against n tenant for the re covery of rent, the sum demanded not exceeding two hundred dollars, is an action upon the contract.' of lease and cognizable in the court of a justice of the peace. The jurisdiction , cannot be ousted because further .relief is asked which such court has no power to grant. Whitehurst vs. Hymah.--1. A promise based upon a new and original considera tion of benefit or harm' moving between the party to whom a debt is due and the party agreeing to pay the same, is not "a promise to answer, the debt or default of another," and need not be in writing. 2. Therefore, where the plaintiff had judgment against a debtor and was seek ing to secure payment by supplemental proceedings, and. the defendant who claimed the property of the debtor prom ised to pay fifty per cent of the sum du?, upon plaintiff's dismissing said proceed ings and not examining him as .to his title, &c, which was accordingly done; Jfeld, that such agreement is not within the statute of frauds, and that the defendant is liable. The Code sec. 1,552. The admission of irrelevant testimony cannot be assigned for error, unless it' ap pears that the party- complaining , was in fact prejudiced by it. Brantly vs. Jordan. Where under the Code of Civil Procedure,', section 80 (not brought forward in the; Code of 1883), the plaintiff at the time or filing' his complaint failed to name some person upon whom service of pleadings ,,and notices may be made, it was held that a notice of appeal filed by the defendant in the clerk's office was sufficient under the statute to charge the plaintiff with notice thereof. . . . Norman vs. Craft. Where a mortgagor conveyed his personal property, more than $500 in value, .with a clause in the deed reserving his "personal property exemp tion allowed by. law and to be selected by him;" Held, that the title to the whole of it passed to the mortgagee and remained in him until the exempted articles were legally set apart, and the simple act ' of executing a second mortgage conveying a part of said property is not a selection of such part, nor a separation of the same from the bulk. The second mortgage in such case holds in subordination to the prior conveyance. State vs. Voight. 1. A license to re tail liquor can issue only upon the appli cation of the party to the board of county commissioners for an order directing the sheriff to grant the same. Permission given by the sheriff to retail without such order previously made, is in violation of the law and does not protect the seller from prosecution. 2. An order granting license may be re voked at the same session of the board. 3. Evidence of the understanding of a witness as t the meauing and import of orders and decrees,is not admissible. They are ascertained by the terms in which the orders are drawn. 4. The contents ol a public record may be proved in any court by "the original record itself. The rule allowing apropeirly certified copy of such record to be admit ted in evidence, is grounded on the incon venience of obtaining the original. ... 1,1 North Carolina to the Front. A Washington letter iu th Raleigh Observer last week thus speaks of our good old State : "North Carolina is booming. For the first time in her history, the people of the North are to-day more familiar with the climate and resources of the Old North State than of any other Southern State. It does seem that the tide in her affairs is fast approaching its flood, and it is hoped and believed that it will lead on to for tune. The Northern people and press are ' be ginning in a typical way to speak of her as "TobaccoUnd," instead of the "State of turpentine stills," as heretofore. The fish dealers in this and other markets farther north display the sign: "North Carolina shad !" They are the first in the market and command big prices. The recent dis covery of tin at King's Mountain has at tracted universal attention and instigated investigations of the wonderful .mineral indications of her western soil. Indeed the Northern papers are. full of items abdut iheOld Ndrth Stale. All this is the result of advertising, through the Boston exhibit and the press. With the attention of the whole, country at tracted to" the Slate, the exposition to be held next October ought to be an im mense success, and it doubtless will be,for the right men are at the helm. The fact that a State exposition is to be. held is already becoming known throughout the Nor tli. I have had the pleasure . of men tioning the fact and explaining its ebjeel through the columusof several journals of national, repute, some of whose readers may take enough interest in the matter to be in attendance." .T -r . , There is a ereat disturbance in Philadelphia. A colored policeman is about to' be appointed, and this has so angered the white' policemen 'that they threaten to resign. ,';'!.!' --s- i S2f The first suit for breach of promise of marriage ever brought in Chester coun ty, S. C, has been entered by Miss M. A. Lucas, who asks $30,000 damages from James P. Ferguson." : : W"Is our Civilization Perishable ? The question is asked fa the North American Review for March, by Judge J. A. Jameson, who con siders the several agencies by which the over throw of the existing civilization might be effect ed. In the same number of the Review there is au article of extraordinary interest on "Agricul tural Politics in England," by William E. Bear editor of the Mart Lane Express. "A Defence less Sea-board," by Gen. H. A. Smalley, is a de scription of the unprotected condition of the har bors and coafct cities of the United States In "The Story of a Nomination i.V7. O. 8toddard recounts the hitherto unpublished history of the means by which the nomination of Abraham Lincoln for a second presidential term was brought about. 'How to Improve the Missis sippi." by Robert 8. Taylor; and fcTbe Constitu tionality of Repudiation," by D. H. Chamberlain snd John 8. Wise. Published at 30 Lafayette riace, New York. " - -: - - Jl Delinquent Tax-Payers. Every ciMhVfp)lThi8axe is in terested in making all ith4r cftrzehi: pay thiir iaxep. IjT imly i portion ff the' citi s?nsb!a voanty bayibeiriss; tiai'ej and oiherdonot:lhengreat rnjuHjfee i done. In every county there is every year a large number of persons who do not pay any taxes and are denominated "insolvents."- All tax-payers - are interested in reducing that number as much as possi ble, and the last Legislature enacted a stringent law to enforce the collection of taxes, to which we will refer. In order that everybody in a county may now who these "insolvents" are, the law directs the- sheriff :to ' make" publication 'at the court-house door of a complete'list-' of all the "insolvents" itfc his county'4.' with' the amount of tax duefrbm each:' and also to publish in each township a lfet oP the1 de linquents of aid township. - Artd--W 'give greater publfcityi'lhe county. commission ers are authorized to publish "the same list in some newspaper printed in their "coanty. And the law goes oh to say that any1 per son returned as an "insolvent- who 'shall fai to pay hi8: taxes wrthinlx-'nlonths after the return of the insolverit'Hst to the ctoudty commissioners,' shall 5 be -deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined double the value i of his taxes' :doe," and may be committed to prison for" failure -to pay the fine. ' It is made the duty lot the chairman of the board of count v eomraw sioners to act as prosecutor in -these cases, andlhe coin toiesionersTaaypur"at"6rk on the-publiOi roads .aqjimafl Whw iscora mitted to jail for failure to pay his fine. If tislaw is porcQdJagainsvMO lkl de linquent tax-payers in every county.be North Caroliqa our ' public roads will 'in greatly improved. , We dp not know what other counties may do, but! we are assured that this law will be" rigidly enforced (in Chatham thia year, and we mention' it so as to warn our readers not to be number ed in the list of, insolvents. Pittsboro Record.' '.... '... . - ..i,-. ' ' . That's Right, Juttee. 1 " .. ... ... . : . - i i A man in Memphis who had been sent to jail by Judge Greer for violating ' the law against carrying , concealed weapons, petitioned tobave hU sentence. suspended. Here is part of the Judge's answer : --.jT "The views of this court upon,.lhe sub ject of pistol carrying ought by this .time to have become pretty . well . understood. The court desires to say, and have it un derstood that he says it boldly1;' that ' if' it should happen that the zephyrs ' should fan a cherup from - the-Elysian fields to this mundane sphere, and that cherubim should conceal a pistol under its downy wings, and should be captured,, indicted, tried, and convicted iu this court, a fifty dollar fine and not less than ten days im prisonment in the county 'jail ' would be the reeult." ' , , ; That's right. Execute the laws, and thus pave society fron the domination of ruffianism. J - I f (MIH HOli Ex-Gov'.' Hendricks, ex-Senator N indom, and Minister Morton listened to a debate in the French Assembly, the other day which became very personal, and surpassed. Gov. Hendricks thought, onr American Congress in its palmiest days in high temper and .exciting per sonalities. ', . , ; . ; : , FANCY GOOD S AND Confectioneries. The largest stock ever brought to Charlotte at C. S. BOLTON'S. A mammoth stock tf Plain and French Can dies, made of pure Sugar and manufactured by the best manufacturers in the United States. FRENCH CANDY. Spanish CaBtles, Marsh mellows, Cocoanut Jelly.Pig PastePlats, Smooth Cloves, Chocolate Drops, Rose Gum Drops, Lemon Gum Drops, Lemon Cocomut Bars, Mint Drops, Cream Almonds, Bon 'Bdhs, &c. Tbe largest and best selected . stock of TOYS that has ever been brought to Charlotte. Tin, Wood, China and Mechanical Toys, Arks, Coffer Setts, Steamboats, Work Boxes, Toy Pianos, China Vase?, Glass Vases, China Mugsand Cups, Wax Dolls, Unbreakable Dolls, Rubber Dollg, Drums, Harmonicas, Boxes, Swiss Cottages, Doll Houses, Bellow Toys, Furniture, Locomotives, Santa Claus. ; -j FANCY NOTIONS.-Dressing Cases', Dressing and Hair Brushes, Tooth Brushes, Pocket Books and Purses Toilet and Shaving Soaps, &c. , FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FRUITS. Malag Grapes, Fjgs, Apples, Oranges, Cabinet Raisins, Lemons, &c. NUTS. AlmoDds, English Walnuts, ' Pecans, Filberts, Palm Nuts, Ooeoanuts." ' WILLOW C.OOD9. DcT ' 'Cradles;'' Fancy Baskets, Work Stands, Work Baskets, Rattles. STAPLE GROCERIES. Tea, Coffee, Sugar, Bacon, Flour, Lard, Rice, Salt. Soda, Powdered Sugar, Cut Loaf Sugar, Candles, and many arti cles too numerous to mention. Also, Fancy Cakes for parties,- weddings and family use, Fresh Pies, Plum Cakes, and Bread every day. I would be pleased to have you call , and ex amine my stock. . . : C. 8. HOLTON. ' Nov. 36, 1883. .: SEEDS, IMPLEMENTS, I have j ust rectived the largest stock of Fresh Seed kept by any. other house in the State. , Red and Wn te Clover, Lucerne, Clover, Orchard Grfess, Timothy, Eng lish Blue, or Evu-greerv Grass,-Red Top, Tail Meadow Oat, Fancy Blue, or Lawn, and Itye Grass. A variety of ImpkmoitH, consisting of Plows and improved Georgia Plow Stocks , Riding, talking and Iron Frame Expanding Cultivators, the two and three secliro 'wood and improved iron frame Thonias Harrows, Acme Harrows, the Corbia Disk Harrow, which is unequaled by any similar implement. All of these Harrows are sold on trial and if n t satisfactory can be return d. - t. - :l The best Separating Corn Sheller'in'the'State for the money. Sinclair Propelling Feed Cut ters, Lever Feed jCutttrs as low asj5R Tennessee Wagons." ; Another Oar load' on the way. The Ten nessee sUnds at the head of all competition Genuine German Kainit, And the Standard Navassa; Acid Phosphate and Cotton Fertilizer. Prices to meet competition otpmndaM Fertfljand s pecJal -j fermi anide od'car load lots. AThe TfavassS' Fertilizers are madciu North Carolina .and, are well known. 1 hey are guaranteed in quality and in all field J. G SIIANNONH' fU5E, Ag't , Jan 2o, 181. - - (College street. BURGESS NIC HOLS, Wlolesale. and Retail healer m FURNITURE, JADING, fcc. bracmg eterytbictg found in a a oivjttB3-f iirmiure-Btore, Such as 'Bedroom and Parlor -Suits Lounges IT'S Jb ea Bureaus oiuiuueb, uuun vases, etc. .WJXfii Vll,J tW CHAIRS nf all t5i -v . - . . aFprices to.Wt tntimeV P liWiieaa8 iresoectf ally Aolfcit ilhufe of patronage , -No. 5 West , Trade Strtet -Jan 19 1888 ChTo.C. Cotton I .ef York, Feb. 22. The movement oi tnetcippi as indicated by telegrams from is given below. For the week ending Feb. 22d the total receipts have reached 65,013 bales, against 105,921 bales last week, 111,481 bales the previous wpt-t J im ttn Vl .1 1 auu iiz.uv uaico mree weens SinCf nmlr i :.. o . . " ing the total receipts since Sept. 1st 1883 4,263,731 bales, against 4,766,393 ba'les for the same period of '82-'83, showing a de creiie.j&inceli Sept?' 1, 1883, of 502,662 bales. - TKia prnnrtu fnr ihn week iil. ..... I of 100,738 bales, of which 72,503 were to Great Britain, 14,764 to ranee and 13 471 td lha; rest u of the j Continent, while'the stocks as mad? 11 p are. now 959,713 bales. Business has , been extremely dull on the Cottdn Exchange during the past weekThe discussion and voting on pro positions looking to reduced rates of com mission have occupied much of the time and attention of -members, and for two (Jajrs lelegraphic communication with "the South has been almost entirely suspended. Xfsjaxlherejyas anactive opening on the very rauch better reports from Liver pWl,nd indications that the receipts at the porta continued small, and there was a further advance, the final prices, compared with last Friday, showing an advance of poiats for thin crop, and no deciled has, beei) . quiet and lerdayi when ho!d u uiii-iiaiifzea until J .- 1 .1 - ers were less disnoo 10 sen. vuoiauous were noi advanced bub-tthe cose-vwas firmer at lojc. (0f nricldllng -uplands. The total sales for forward delivery for the week are 206 800 bales. " ' .n "V . ' t8TTotli?uiblS Supply of .Cotton. v The total visible supply of cotton for the world is 3,352,643 bales, 2,708,743 being American; against 3,184,044 and 2,548,5.44; respectively, last year. Re ceipts of , cotton at all interior towns 24,305 bale; ; receipts from the plantations 51,394: crop in sight 5,063,696. L. P. OSBORNE, .practical Surveyor and Civil Engineer. All engagements j promptly filled in city or county;tppftlg and platting a spesialty Office will 4M P Osborne, Attorney, at Court House. Reference T. J. Orr, County Surveyor. Feb.'l5;i884 : yr B. B. SPRINGS. K. S. E ORWELL. BURWELL, SPRINGS j & Dealers in ) Groceries, . Provisions "'' '' - 7 and Fertilizers. Thanking the farmers of this section for their generous patronag during the past ten yean we respectfully solicit a continuance of the same. We hope by fair dealing and reasonable prices to deserve it. sWe are at the , T Old titaiid hedr 'the .Postoffice, And it is our intention to make our Store in the future as it has been in the past 5ict U 1". v. A .i i t.. - j , t Headquarters For the FARMERS. IVe have now in stores full Block of Groceries, Provisions, Clover Seed, Orchard Grass, Farmer's Friend Plows, Ac, &c., on ail of which we are prepared to give you lowest market prices. We ask your special attention to our facilities for furnishing you with reliable Fertilizers. Having a large Warehouse conveniently lo cated, built for the purpose during the past feum mer, we will at all times have a large stock ready for delivery. We control the following Brands in this market : .. the etiwan: dissolved bone. THE ETIWAN GUANO. The Stono Acid Phosphate. The Parmer's Friend Guano. The Goods of the Etiwau aud Stono Companies are knotcn to be reliable and are admitted to have few equals and no superior. These Companiea being the only ones in Charleston that have the "Due Atomizing Mill," Which is the latest invention and most improved Mill for grinding the Phosphate rock into an u palpable powder far the manufacture of Fertili zers,, itftan to reason that these goods are what we claim fbr ijiem, i . ! 'THE-BEstf -'fltf-TJIE MARKET. WeJuaye now in store 100 Tons German Kainit, Wvbicbr we know to be pure. ! . ' :,. lLq ;. , . We are wide awake and will be glad to serve you. Call and &cvl r. iylcl-r!oi 7." T , SPRINGS & BUKW. Feb. 1, 1884., , 2m Charlotte, N-1- :' ::: ' Eastern Yam SWEET POTATOES constantly on band at UMI ' , S. M. HOWELL'd. Teb. 8,-1884. ' ' NEW;) PALL GOODS. e are now offering a large stock of Dress Goods,1 tremendous stock of Velvet Ribbons and other Trimmings. .' A'magnincent fctock of Ladies', Misse' and Children's ' .. :Y"1 Hosiery. A nice lot of Handkerchiefs, including a lot of the cheapest ever offered by us. "" Don't forget to ask for Our stock is. new. and well .assorted. , We are the agents for the . "Charlottesville , Woolen Mills." And these Goods need no praise from us; every body knows- them to be1 the. very best goods for the money, made.-' '' ii " ' 1 ' " Don't hesitate to 'ask for1 anything you want, we have It.'' ' ' " ' ; ALEXANDER & HARRIS- Sept 28, 1883.