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New Series VOLUME XVI.
CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1886.
OLD SERIES: VOLUME XXXIV. NUMBER 1745
(I flM)flM iff I '1 'f
Charlotte Home - Democrat,
Published every Friday by
YATES fc STRONG.
Terms Two Dollars for one year.
One Dollar for six months.
Subscription price due in advance.
"Entered at the Poet Office in Charlotte, N
C, as second class matter' according to the
rules of the P. O. Department.
T. O. SMITH & OO.,
R E T AI L DRD GGrl STS,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
L. R. WRISTON,
DRUGGIST, Charlotte, N. C.,
Dealer il Drugs of the best quality, Paints, Oils,
Dye Stuffs, (Jombs, Brushes, &c. Everything
usually found in a Drug Store will be sold at sat
Irwin's Old Corner on Independence Square.
Jan. 25, 1884.
J. P. McCOMBS, M. D.t
Offers his professional services to the citizens of
Cbarlotte and surrounding country. All calls,
both night and day, promptly attended to.
Office in Brown's building, up stairs, opposite
Jan. 1, 1885.
K. BC II WELL. P. D. WALKER.
BURWELL & WALKER,
Attorneys at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
$W Office in Law Building.
HUGH W. HARRIS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office, First door west of Court House.
Jan. 1, 1886.
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Will practice in all the Courts of this State
Prompt attention given to collections.
Nov. 7, 1884. tf
F. I. OSBOIINE. W. C. MAXWELL.
OSBORNE & MAXWELL,
Attorneys at Law,
CIIARLOTT E, N. C.
Will practice in the State and Federal Courts.
tW Offices 1 and 3 Law Building.
July 3, 1885. y
HAMILTON C. JONES,
Attorney at Law,
Charlotte, N. C.
Will practice in the State Courts, and in all
the Federal Courts in the Western District.
Jan. 8, 188C. y
DR. M. A. BLAND.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Office in Brown's building, opposite Charlotte
Gas used for the painless extraction of teeth.
Feb. 15. 1884.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Practice Limited to the
EYE, EAR AND THROAT.
Jan. 1, 1884.
HOFFMAN & ALEXANDERS,
CHARLOTTE, N . C .
Office over A. R. Nisbet & Bro's store. Office
hours from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M.
W. H. FARRIOR, .
Practical Watch-Dealer and Jeweler.
Charlotte. N. C.
Keeps a full stock of handsome Jewelry, and
Cl03ks, bpectacles, etc., which I will sell at
Repairing of Jeweliy, Watches, Clocks, &c.,
done promptly, and satisfection assured.
E3ST" Store opposite to Central Hotel.
July 1, 1834.
SPRINGS & BURWELL,
Grocers and Provision Dealers,
CHARLOTTE, N. C,
Have always in stock Coffee, Sugar, Molasses
hymns, Mackerel. Soaps. Starch. Meat. Lard
Hams, Flour, Grass Seeds, Plows, &c, which we
oner to both the Wholesale and Retail trade
All are invited to try us, from the smallest to the
Jan. 1, 18S4.
R. A. LEE. SPRINGS & BURWELL
R. A. LEE & CO.,
Office in tlie Chambers Livery Stable Building
Sellers will do well to see us. If we do not buy
our last bid shall be the value of the cotton.
Jan. 30. 1885.
Corner Trade and College Sts., up Stairs.
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Oct. 14, 1884.
COTTON INI) PRODUCE EXCHANGE
Corner Trade and College Sts.,
Charlotte, N. C.
S. H. PHELAN, Proprietor, mem-1
ber New York Cotton Exchange y
and Chicago Board of Trade. J
J. F. LYON,
Dec. 4, 1885.
New Lot of Ladies' and Children's BLACK
HOSE, LACES, etc., at
ELIAS & COHEN'S.
SUf In recent experiments on the be
havior of different paints on iron works it
has been shown that red lead best resists
the aotion of the atmosphere. The dis
covery was also made that the coat holds
better on iron cleansed by pickling than
on that scraped and brushed.
SALE OF LAND.
By virtue of authority granted to me bv T. J.
Kerns and wife, by deed dated December 3, 1883,
and registered in the office of the Register of
Deeds of Mecklenburg county, in Book 36, page
113, 1 will sell for cash at the Court House in
Charlotte, on February 10th. 1886. at 12 M.. that
Tract of LAND described iu said deed, beinj. in
Long Creek Township, adjoining the lands of
J no. W. Moore and others, and known as Lot
No. 3 in the division of the land of the late Thos.
M. Kerns, and which was assigned to T.J. Kerns.
P. D. WALKER,
Jan. 8, 1886. 5w Trustee.
For Sale. .
By virtue of a Decree of the Superior Court of
Mecklenburg county, I will sell to the highest
bidder, at the Court House door in Charlotte, on
Monday the l9t day of February. 1886. twenty-
one Acres of valuable LAND, a part of the J.
if. Stiller Tract, adjoining J. M. Kodgers, J. A.
Houston and others one-third in cultivation.
Terms one-fourth cash and the balance 1st
October, 1886, with interest at 8 per cent note
E. H. H1NSON,
Jan. 8, 1886. 4w Commissioner.
LAND FOR SALE.
I will sell at the Court House door in the city
of Cbarlotte, on the first Monday In February
next, the LANDS belonging to the Estate of
Sarah Wallace, deceased, containing about
seventy Acres, lying in Crab Orchard Township,
Mecklenburg county. Terms ten per cent cash,
balance on a credit of one year, with note and
JAMES M. JOHNSTON,
Jan. 8, 1886. 4w Commissioner.
LAND FOR SALE.
By virtue of a Decree of the Superior Court
of Mecklenburg county, I will sell at the Court
House door, in Charlotte, on Monday, the l3t
day of Eebruary, 1886, a Tract of LAND lying
on the Carolina Central Railroad, in Paw Creek
Township, adjoining lands of W. P. Hipp and
others, known as the Rhyne place, containing 19
Acres. There is a good House on the place and
HUGH T. KHYNJS,
Dec. 25, 1885. 6w Commissioner.
LAND FOR SALE.
On Monday the 1st of February, 1886, by vir
tue of a decree of the Superior Court of Meck
lenburg county, I will sell at the Court House
door in Charlotte a Tract of LAND lying i a
Berryhill township, on the waters of Rocky
Sugar Creek, adjoining the lands of W. is. Spratt,
F.Hovis, and others, known as the "William
Kerr place." The place contains about 50 acres,
and is in a good slate of cultivation.
Terms One-fourth cash, balance on ten
W. K. BYRUM.
Administrator of Wm. Kerr.
Dec. 25, 1885. 6w
"To Persons wishing to Invest
I offer my services and will purchase
BEARING ORANGE GROVES,
Or locate State or United States Lands.
These Lands tt $1.25 per Acre will pay a
larger profit than anything now before the pub
lic. The enormous emigration still continues,
and Railroads are penetrating every county.
South Florida has climatic advantages possessed
by no other State or Territory, and is bound,
soon, to become the garden of the United States.
R. F. DAVIDSON,
Crescent City, Putnam Co., Florida.
Dec. 4, 1885. 2m
Having qualified as Executor of the last Will
and Testament of the late R. I. McDowell, notice
is hereby given to all persons indebted to the
Estate of said deceased to call upon the under
signed and make immediate settlement, and no-
tice is also nereoy given to an persons noiuing
claims against said Estate to present the same to
the undersigned within one year from January
9th, 1886, or this notice will be pleaded in bar of
F. B. MCDOWELL,
Jan. 8. 1886. Owpd Executor.
All persons having claims against the Estate
rf M .T. "Rfiidlinff. deceased, are hereby notified
O) - -
to present them to me, duly attested, on or be
fore the 10th day of January, 1887. All persons
indebted to said estate are urged to make im
Jan. 8, 188G. 6w .Adm'r. de bonis non
Having qualified as Administrator of the Es
tate of A.N. Kodgers, deceased, all persons in
debted to said estate are requested to make im
mediate payment. Those having claims against
the estate are requested to present them to me on
or before the 9th day of January. 1887.
HERIOT CLARKSON, Adm'r.
Jan. 8, 1886. 6w
Having qualified as Administrator of R. C.
Caldwell, deceased, I hereby notify all persons
having claims against said deceased to present
them to me properly authenticated before the
2d day of January, 1887, or this notice will be
pleaded in bar of their recovery. And all per
sons indebted to said deceased must make pay
ment to me.
J. C. BURROUGHS, Adm'r.
Jan. 1. 1886. 6w
FOR THE LADIES.
Ladies' Cloaks. Ladies' Newmarkets, Ladies'
Circulars, Ladies' Dolmans, in Silks, Satins, Bro
cades, Reps and Beavers.
All Styles and Prices.
Ladies will do well to inspect our Stock of
these Goods before purchasing.
ELIAS & COHEN.
Oct. 9, 1685-
A. HALES & SON.
Charlotte, N. C.
Go to Hales' New
JEWELRY STORE for the
Best Goods at lowest prices.
Next to A. R. Nisbet&Bro.,
and T. L. Seigle.
Repairing fine Watches a specialty.
Jan. 1, 1885.
Central Barber Shop.
GREY TOOLE has again assumed control
and proprietorship of the "Central Barber Shop"
opposite Central Hotel Building, where he will
be glad to see all his old customers and many
new ones. He guarantees satisfaction to all who
may be pleased to patronize him.
Jan. 1, 1885.
Wanted A Little Girl.
Where have they gone to the little girls,
With natural manners and natural carls ?
Who love their dollies and like their toys,
And talk of something besides the boys?
Little old women in plenty we find,
Mature in manners and old ot mind;
Little old flirts who talk of their "beaux,"
And vie with each other in stylish clothes.
Once in the beautiful long ago,
Some dear little children I used to know;
Girls who were merry as lambs at play,
And laughed and rolicked the livelong
They thought not at all of the "style' of
They never imagined that boys were
"Other girls' brothers" and "mates" were
' they. ,
Splendid fellows to help them play.
Where have they gone to? "If you Bee
One of them, anywhere, send her to me;
I would give a medal of purest gold
To one ot those dear little girls of old,
With an innocent heart and an opeu
Who knows not the meaning of "flirt" or
Many Sorts of Fishes.
There are more than 8,000 species of
fishes, representing every terrestrial and
aerial form and color. Their shape, fins,
tail, scales, bladder, all are adapted to
their element. The white shark weighs
10,000 pounds, and has 200 teeth. With
one stroke he is out of Bight. Scales
are a coat of mail; gills serve ior respira
tion. The eyes are usually without lids,
except of those that burrow in the sand.
In Eastern Asia a fish is found with eyes
in halves, like some eye-glasses, for near
and far sight. The smell and hearing of
the fish are acute, and it can be domesti
cated to come at call. They are usually
long-lived. A pike was put into a pond
with a ring, and was found seventeen
years afterward. They are very strong
and swift. It is said that a shark can
outstrip the eagle, and a salmon the
the swallow. A herring will swim six
teen miles per hour for weeks, and a
shark will follow the swiftest steamer
across the ocean. The little nautilus
uses his shell for a boat, and spreads a
film for a sail, like an experienced naviga
tor. B3T An Austin boy .came from school
very much excited, and told his father
that all human beiDgs were descended
from the apes,
so mad that be
which made the old man
replied angrily : "That
may be the case with you, but it ain't
with me, I can tell you that now, my
son." l ne ooy didn t say anytning, out,
when his mother came home be told ber
Wives and newspapers are just
alike. The only man who knows how to
manage them properly is the man who
HARDWARE! HARDWARE ! !
New Stock, Low Prices.
We are rapidly filling our large and handsome
New Store with New Goods to replace Stock
destroyed by the fall of our building 14th May
The Merchants of the surrounding country
have only to give us a trial to be convinced that
we are selling Hardware as low as any bouse in
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 9, 1885,
We are headquarters for these Goods. Have
just opened up the finest and most complete line
of sporting uooas ever orougnt to mis mansei.
Double and Single Breech Loading Shot Guns,
all grades. London Fine Twist Muzzle Load
ing Guns. Breech Loading Rifles, all grades.
Paper and Brass Shells. Breech Loading lmple
ments, Shot Pouches and Belts, Powder Flasks,
We guarantee our retail prices on these Goods
against New York or Baltimore. Call and be
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 16, 1885.
The remnant of the stock of ALEXANDER
& HARRIS has been purchased by the under
signed, with the intention of closing out the
game without delay, and to this end and to make
room for new, fresh Goods, the stock now on
hand will be sold at prices that will astonish
We will continue the DRY GOODS busi
ness, and are expecting
Daily. With earnest and persistent endeavor to
please, we hope to merit not only a continuance
of that large patronage which Alexander & Har
ris so long received, hut also a liberal share of
the general trade.
E. L. KEESLER & CO.
Successors to Alexander & Harris,
E. L. Keeslkr, T. G. Wilson, )
formerly with Alexander & Harris. J
R. P. Hakrt.
formerly with Hargraves & Alexan
Dec. 18, 1885.
Book and Stationery Store.
ROSS & ADAMS,
(Successors to Tiddy & Uro.,)
Booksellers and Stationers
Having purchased the stock of Books, Sta
tionery. Music, Periodicals, c, or 'liddy
Bro , the undersigned respectfully ask a share of
public patronage m the line of ousiness indi
cated. By prompt attention to their Business
they hope to merit a large share of the trade
trade ot this section.
Next to First National Bank,
CJIAKZ O 'TE, N, C.
.. Dealers In
Wall Paper, Frames, Art Materials, and every
thing belonging to a General Book and Bta
Graded School Scholars furnished with all the
Supplies they need at Lowest Prices.
ROB'T. C. ROSS,
CHAS. C. ADAMS.
Dec. 18, 1885.
Genius and Long Life.
There is a proverb which says, "Those
whom the gods love , die" young." It is
sometimes inferred that this means that
men and women who are in any way un
usually endowed are usually short-lived.
t is by no means proved, however, that
persons of genius are any more apt to die
young than more prosaic people. There
are, of course, many instances of talented
men and women who have goue early to
their graves; and it is a somewhat etrik-
lflg fact that thirty-seven has been a fatal
age to quite a number of brilliant genius
es whose fame is still great in the world.
Byron, Shelly, Burns and Raphael all
died about their thirty-seventh year. On
tne otner nana, muuuuaes ot instances
may be cited ot men, who, had they died
betore their thirty-seventh year, would
never have been heard of by the world;
and multitudes of others, while winning
some degree of fame before that age,
greatly increased it in later years.
Goethe was a surprising; example of
this. Had he died at thirty-seven, his
fame would not have equalled that of
Schiller ; but the work he did iu middle
ife carried it far beyond that of his Ger
man rival, who died so much earlier. If
Milton had died at thirty-seven we should
not have had "Paradise Lost." At that
age George Elliot had not written any
thing that contributed to the great rep
utation that she won at last.
We cannot doubt that the genius of
Byron and Shelly and Keate, Ohatterton
and Henry Kirke White, was very far
rom being exhausted at their early
deaths. Death, indeed, found these young
geniuses all anre with inspiration and ar
dently longing to give expression to
greater thoughts than they had ever yet
If we turn from literature to political
ife, it is surprising to see how great abil-
ty, tar trom exhausting physical powers,
aud wearing out ite possessor before his
time, seems actually to sustain his vigor
and lengthen out his days.
It is true that Pitt died at hfty, and
trambetta at lorty-lour. out where we
can point to an isolated instance here and
there of a man of political genius, dying
before or in middle life, we find a long
ist oi those who have grown gray and
bent in the heat of political conflict. In
our own time, we nave seen uoriscnaKon,
a man over eighty, controlling the desti
nies of the vast Russian Empire; Thiers,
a man of seventy-seven, presiding over
the French Republic; the Emperor Wil-
lam, a man of eighty-five, ruling the new-
y united Germany ; Gladstone, a man of
seventy-four, proving himself the most
vigorous Prime Minister of England in
this century, and Von Moltke, a mau of
eighty, commanding the German armies.
1 be vitality of genius, indeed, is far
more evident in the biography of the
world than its destroying power. It is
so rarely that a poet or an author ex
hausts himself in a single work, or an or
ator or statesman in a single great speech
or great legislative measure, that such
instances are quoted as curiosities.
On the contray, tne rule seems to be
that a man of genius is not only likely to
ive long, but to go on producing and
maintaining his mental vigor, until he is
overtaken by the shadows of old age.
Michael Angelo was still a great sculptor
and architect at eighty-eight. litian
paiuted finely in his ninety-ninth year.
ictor Hugo, at eighty-one, was still
writing eloquent and fiery stanzas. And
in our own country, tne examples ot
Longfellow, Holmes. Bryant, Whittier,
Emerson and Irving, are enough to re
mind us how our literature has been en
riched bv men who have passed the
Psalmist's limit of three score and ten.
The Money Value op Women. "For
every man who lives a single me, caring
only for himself, there is some woman who
is deprived of her natural supporter
says Henry George.
It is a cool and unwarranted assumption
on the part ol society that wives are sup
ported by their husbands. - The persons
who assum this will seldom deny that
wives usually work as many hours a day
as their husbands, and frequently more.
"But then " they will
say. "the wile s
labor is unproductive,
it has no money
Such a position needs no very close
analysis to prove its utter absurdity. Let
the wife fall sick, and it is immediately
discovered that her labor has a monev
value, ior it takes money to hire help to
take her place in the household. To take
her place did I say ! But who can take
her place? The wife's labor is not unpro
ductive. It is as necessary to cut and
sew cloth into garments as it is to produce
the material of which it is made or to
weave that material into cloth. It is as
necessary that food be cooked as it is that
it be provided in readiness for cooking. A
house-keeper is as essential as a house-
It is not a "supporter" that a self-
respected woman asks for in society, but
justice equal pay for equal work. In
"I'll join you presently," said the
v int at 4 r t r n r Atl w I a in oitinrr
as he started for the key to the church
To the Public.
We have taken the Agencies for the LIDDELL
SAW MILL, tbe LIDDELL BOSS COTTON
PRESS, the CLEVELAND & HARD WICK
ENGINES, the VICTOR WAGON SCALES,
the MARVIN SAFES, and will henceforth ban
die all kinds of Machinery.
We now have on band a large stock of
Including Plows, Scales, Saws, Knives, Razors,
Grindstones, Uuns. and other wares too numer
ous to mention.
we must ciose oui an mese uooas, and we
promise the public to sell lower than any firm in
Cbarlotte, because the Hardware must be sold,
and the Machinery we have contracted for must
be vigorously pushed.
rnis is no iaise notice to deceive, out we
are in dead earnest and mean to close out.
LiddeU's Saw Mill and Boss Press
Took the highest prizes at the New Orleans Ex
position, and we can give any one the best Ma
chinery rig in the South. : ,
. brem & Mcdowell.
. So much is being written at the present
time concerning the lack of table manners
that one is led to believe that be is liv
ing in a semi-barbarous age, instead of
the enlightened nineteenth century. While
we treely admit that our scope of observa
tion may not be as large as gome who
write upon the subject,- yet we hope these
evuu are uot as wiueepreau as iney seem I
:i . j -i . I
to be, and that they apply in a large de
gree to our foreign population, rather
than to our own educated and intelligent
While it is comparatively easy for peo
ple of wealth aud leisure, with trained
servants at their command, to observe
every detail which belongs to polite table
etiquet, it is quite different with the
laboring classes, who must dine in as
hasty a manner as decency and good
i j: " " I
vreeuiugpeimu,as meir immediate super-
U ; J . . i n- I
vision may be required at the office, work
suop or neia.
Admitting that our table maimers in
Bome instances do not come quite ud to
the requirements of genteel society, we
have no reason to despair, but rather to
be encouraged at the improvements that
have been made in the last two or three
centuries. We have onlv to ODen the
pages of English history to learn that our
ancestors were not over nice in their table
manners. Civilization and table manners
may be considered to have advanced to
At the lime of which we are writing,
the floors of the nobilitv were strewn
with rushes, in which were only halt hid
den the odds and ends thrown from the
table, and mingled with the mire that was
brought in by ill-shod feel from the no-
paved roads. A whole quarter of beef, a
haunch of venison and a boar's head fre
quently graced the table at the same time,
while thick slices of brown bread were
used as plates, and fingers and teeth
largely took the place of knives and forks.
The capacious punch-bowl held a con
spicuous place on the table, while glut
tony and intoxication went hand in hand.
To gef merry was considered no disgrace,
but rather as an appreciation of the host s
hospitality. After revelry and misrule
had held their sway to stupefaction, the
servants gathered up the slices of bread
which had served as plates, in baskets,
and dealt them out to the gaping Door,
who like hungry dogs Btood waiting for it
ou the outside.
As civilization advauced, and with it
the arts and sciences, table manners im
proved, and nave progressed until a
measure of decency is practiced by nearly
all the civilized and enlightened nations of
the world. The fork innovation is of re
cent origin; and while it is well to teach
our cniiaren its modern use, because it is
the custom, (in our opinion) it would ; be
a breach of good breeding and a disre
gard of respect, to suggest a change with
me agea memoers ot tue iamilv. I he
power of example may do something
toward making a change in the handling
ot the knife and fork, but itrwould be
treading on dangerous ground to even
make an allusion to it to our hired help,
especially if they happened to be free
and independent citizens of these united
States. While many take to the fork
innovation naturally, because it is the
custom, others equally as well-bred
and refined insist upon using them the
If custom had demanded the Father oi
our Country to have conveyed the food to
his mouth from the tines of those small
steel forks now black with age, as shown
in his camp chest at the patent office in
Washington, dining would have been a
matter of time. But it did not; he used
his knife and fork as many elderly gentle
men do at the present day, and will con
tinuetodoso, notwithstanding so much
is said against it. But at the same time
what might be considered admissible for
the aged, would not be so construed for
the younger members of the family, and
we trust none of our educated sons and
daughters will ever be found remiss in
the proper observance of table etiquet.
No Bight to Boast.
The Washington correspondent of the
Augusta Chronicle tells a good story iu
illustration of the fact that some people
who boast unduly of their exceptional
virtue may conceal an imp somewhere
worse than the devils they condemn.
Here is the story : In North Carolina,
not long ago, a dapper, middled-aged
Northern man rose in a crowd and ex-
ultingly said : "Gentlemen, 1 never
smoked a cigar, never chewed tobacco.
never drank a drop of liquor and never
wore a beard in my life. I married the
first woman I courted and am an example
of what temperance can do.
A gigantic North Carolinian, a grand
specimen of his race, rose, and, confront
ing the stranger, said : "I smoke and
chew tobacco, take a drink when I feel
like it and courted sixteen women before
I married one. If I am not a better bit
of human flesh than that little man with
dyspepsia, you can tie me to a wild horse
and chase me with coon dogs.
The Tbhatmknt of Frostbitten Fix-
ghes and Toes. Dr. Lapatin, in the Pro
ceedings of Caucasian Medical Society,
advises that fingers and toes which have
been slightly frost-bitten, and which sub
sequently suffer from burning, itching and
pricking sensations, should be painted, at
first once, and afterward twice a day, with
a mixture of dilute nitric acid and pepper
mint water in equal proportions. After
this application has been made for three
or lour days, the skin becomes darkened
and tbe epidermis is shed, healthy skin
appearing under it. The cure is effected
in from ten to fourteen days. The author
has found this plan very effectual among
soldiers, who were unable to wear their
boots in consequence of having had frozen
feet. They were, in this way, soon ren
dered capable of returning to duty.
JJntish Medical Journal.
An Excellent Cough Medicine.
Steep equal quantities of thorough wort,
flaxseed, slippery elm bark, and licorice
root, strain, add equal parts of molasses
and sugar, cook as a syrup. This is very
good for a cough.
A Little Gentleman.
It was a hot. dusty day that I first saw
the little gentleman I am going te tell you
To us who were beiug borne city-ward
in the swift-flying express train, it seemed
as if there was not a breath of air stirring.
An me winaows were wiae open, yet no
cool and refreshing breeze came in to make
our journey more endurable.
The car seemed to condense the heat on
its shining surface, and radiate it through
us interior, and we felt as I imagine a
turkey must, if he were alive when he is
put in one of the old-fashioned, shed-like
ovens our grandmothers still love to use
once in awhile just for the sake of the good
VV e went often from our uncomfortable
seats to the water-tank, bat all the water
we drank conld not liMn ont tha heat that
. : ; r-
seemed to make the air vibrate about us.
. . .
as you can see it ou hot days over a stub
The train-boy brought in fans to sell
by tbe armful, and we all patronized him.
For a little while we stirred the stagnant
air vigorously with them. Then the exer
tion of Using them became too great, and
they were dropped idly in tbe seats, and
we sat 8 weltered.
The train stopped at a little country
station, and a woman with a child came
into tbe car. The woman was a pale,
tired-looking creature, and the child,
a boy, was one of those tireless, uneasy
urchins, who want to be always on the
The lady sat down wearily, aud lifted
the boy to a seat beside her with a look
that said she hoped he might go to sleep
soon. But nothing was further from
his thoughts just then than a nap. He
climbed up beside his mother, and in
sisted on standing at tbe window with his
bead out of it, thus obliging her to hold
on to him.
"jriease, Freddy, sit down by mam-
a," she said. "You're such a big fel
low, that it's hard work to hold on to
you, and mamma is very tired. Won't
want to look out and see things,"
answered rreddy, too young and full of
spirits to understand how any one could
His mother gave a long sigh, as if
she saw that she must submit to the in
"Won't you come here and look out of
my window t 1 asked, tbinsing 1 was bet
ter able to keep the boy out of mischief
than his mother was.
Freddy looked at me for a moment criti
cally, then shook bis head.
"HI stay with mamma, he said.
"I'm much obliged to you for proposing
to take him off my hands," she Baid. "I
have a very bad headache, and have tried
to get him to sleep,but he persists in keep
ing wide awake.
I had not noticed the Tittle gentleman
who sat opposite before. I think he had
come into the tram at the same station at
which the woman did.
"Perhaps the little boy'll let me take
care of him," he said, pleasantly. "Won't
you, Freddy ?"
it reddy looked him over for a moment,
and got down from the window and walk
ed across the aisle to him
"Yes, I'll stay with you," he said, and
allowed himself to be lifted into the little
"You look as if you were almost tired
out," the boy said to Freddy's mother.
"If you could sleep, it would rest you,
I'm sure. Ill see to this little fellow for
"Thank you I you are very kind," tbe
weary woman answered with a sigh, "but
he's too big a fellow for a little boy to
'O no, ma'am, I can get along with bim
well enough," answered the little 'fellow,
bravely. "You go to sleep, if you can, and
don't worry about Freddy and me. If !
you'll let me, I'll take him to the other end
of the car. where his talking won't be so
likely to disturb you."
"I'm not afraid to trust you with him.
she answered, for the manly look on
the lad's face gave full assurance of his
character aud trustworthiness. "If you
are sure be won't be too much trouble to
"I'll risk that, answered the little gen
tleman. "Come, Freddy," and taking
hold of the boy's baud, he led bim to
the other end of the car.' and the tired
mother lay back in the seat and closed
Freddy had wants by the dozen, and
his self-constituted guardian attended to
them patiently. By. and by there were
signs of a lull in the demand on his atten
tion, and with ready tact proposed to tell
stories if the other would listen,and Freddy
allowed himself to be coaxed into a re
clining attitude. Then the story-telling
began, and before the first story ended,
Freddy was asleep.
"I was sure I could get him to sleep.
said the little gentleman to me, with a
twinkle iu his bright eyes. "I know just
the sleepy kind of stories it needs, you
see." Then he made a pillow for Freddy's
bead, and laid him down as carefully as
the boy's mother could. When that was
done,he came to her and asked if be should
not get her some water, lbe tank had
been filled at tbe last station.
"It will be cool, may be," he said.
"I don't like to be so much trouble
to you, she answered, "xou are very
kind: I can't tell you how much I thank
"It isn't worth speaking of, ma am, be
said, cheerily. "If my mother was iu
your place, I would like to have some one
help her, I am sure," and away he went to
the tank, and came back with a brimming
cup of water.
She took it with a smile of gratitude,
poured some upon her handkerchief, and
bathed her head. "That makes it feel
better," she said. "I'm sure your mother
would be clad to know how kind you are
"She always told me to help other folks,
if I could," he answered. "I like to. Some
time I may want some one to help me,
Then he went back to Freddy, and sat
by him while he slept. The sleep was not
a long one, and when the boy awoke he
was as full of spirits as healthy boys
of three or four years usually are. But
the little gentleman's fund of. amuse
ment seemed equal to the demand,
and Freddy was in no hurry to go to his
By and by the train stopped, and the
conductor called out, "Fifteen minutes for
Will you sit here while I'm gone, if I'll
bring you an apple ?" asked the little gen
tleman of Freddy.
"Yes, I will," answered Freddy.
Then the little gentleman went out.and
presently he came back with something
wrapped in a paper, and a cup of steaming,
"If you'd drink this, ma'am, I think
it would make your bead fael better.
Mother says a cup of tea does her more
good when she has a headache than any
thing else." "
"You are the kindest, most thoughtful
little gentleman I have ever met," she
said, as she took the tea. I smiled. She
had hit upon the same title for him that I
bad been giving bim.
"And here are some sandwiches," he
said, opening the paper. "I've got one,
and an apple lor Freddy." ' 1
When she bad drank tbe tea, be carried
the cup back. ' ' ! 1
"It does make me feel belter, she said
to me. "Tbe boy's kindness gave it a
flavor that makes it an agreeable medi
cine. What a fine, manly little fellow he
is ! I hope my boy will be like him."
The little gentleman heard that, and I
could see what a glad look came into his
face. He bad done a kindly deed, and her
words of appreciation pleased him, as it
always pleases all of us to know that
those whom we help are grateful for our
I saw my little gentleman' perform
more acts of kindness that long afternoon
than I have time to tell you about. Ev
erything he did was done in a quiet, un
obtrusive way that showed it was done
from instincts of true gentlemanliness,
and not from a desire to impress a sense
of his helpfullnees upon those he was at
It was after dark when the woman and
her child reached their1 stopping place.
When she prepared to . leave the oar, he
helped her to gather her wraps and bun
dles together, and shouldered the sleepy
Freddy to carry him for her to the plat
form. I followed them to tbe car-door.
"You have been very kind to me," she
said, as shegave him her hand at parting.
"I might tell you that I thank you, but
you wouldn't know from the words bow
grateful I feel." Then she stooped down
and kissed him.
"Here," she added, putting something
in bis band, "I want you to get you abook
with this and write in it, 'From Freddy
and his mother, with kindly thoughts for
their little friend,' and when you see the
book you will think of how your kindness
helped us, and the remembrance of it will
help you. Good by," my Utile "gentle
man I" and she bent and kissed bim again
and then they parted.
It pays to be a gentleman. If a boy is
not a gentleman by instinct, he should
aim to make himself one by habit, and
when he succeeds in winning the title of
a little gentleman from those he comes iu
contact with, be should be , proud of it.
He has a right to be.
May Children go Barefoot, or thinly-clad
about the legs, without Injury.
From the London Lancet.
This question is every now and again
proposed for discussion, and when it is
so, we are compelled to give the same
answer. On physiological grounds it is
manifestly a sound practice to accustom
children to develop the circulatory and
muscular systems of the lower extremi
ties, precisely as those of tbe hand are
developed, by free use and exposure. It
is not supposed to be either necessary or
desirable that children should wear gloves
for hygienic purposes. When the hands
of little folks are thus decorated, the
parental idea is confessedly to give them.
what is conventionally regarded as a gen
teel appearance. No one thinks a child
ought to be protected from tbe weather so
far as its hands are concerned. Un the
contrary, it is recognized that the upper
extremities should be kept warm by exer
cise and habitual exposure. Precisely the
same view holds good with regard to tbe
lower extremities. Contact with bodies
that abstract heat, even more than the
earth abstracts it, is an almost constant
condition of child-life. In short, it is en
tirely iu deference to fashion and tbe
usages of society that children wear foot
coverings. There is much to be said in
favor of a more natural practice, lbe
foot is an organ of wondrous complexity,
regarded as a bony and muscular appa
ratus. It is, moreover, provided with
nerves and blood vessels of especial in
tricacy. The softest and most flexible
shoe, to a very great extent, and a boot
almost entirely, reduces this organ to tbe
character of a jointed block with little
self-movement. Obviously this reduction
must detract not only from the efficiency
of the foot, but of the organism as a whole.
If tbe blood vessels of the foot and leg
are fully developed, as they can only be
when the foot is habitually exposed, tbe
quantity of blood which the lower extremi
ties can be made to receive, and, it need
be, attract for a time, is very considerable.
We can only say that children who are
allowed to go barefooted enjoy almost
perfect immunity from the danger of
"cold" by accidental chilling ot the feet,
and they are altogether healthier and
happier than those who, in obedience to
the usages of social life, have their . lower
extremities permanently invalided, and
so to say, carelully swathed and put away
in rigid case. As regards the poorer
classes oi children there can be no sort of
doubt in tbe mind of anyone that it is in-
comparably better that they should go
barefooted than wear boots that let in the
wet and stockings that are nearly always
damp and foul.
The above applies to summer or mild
Fall weather, and not cold freezing
weather. Commoii-senBe will dictate that
the legs and feet of children should be
well protected in cold weather.
tT The wbrld owes every man a lir
ling, but some of us find collections rather