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CHARLOTTE. N. C. County Matters. Oo Monday and Tuesday last, the Mecklenburg Board of County Commis sioners held their regular monthly meet ing present, T. L. Vail, chairman, and J. R. Morris, Thomas Grier, 8. H. Hilton and HKReid. The usual amount of claims against the conoty were audited and ordered paid. Several persons were exempted from the payment of a capitation tax on ac couut of poverty and physical infirmity and Jesse Coley was authorized to peddle without payiog the usual tax,inconse quenee of poverty and infirmity. The Sheriff was ordered to summon Jury to lay out two roads io Providence township 1st. From the Union county line, near Archie Porter's, running the old Momoe road, intersecting the publio road aear Mrs Knox's, about one and a half miles. 2d. From Samuel R. Grier's, on the Providence road, to Mrs E. C. Grier's, oo the public road to Matthews, about one and a half miles. The Sheriff was allowed $54.20 for feed ing prisoners in Jail during the month of June. The report of the Jury summoned to lay out a publio road from Six-mile Creek, on ibe Union county line, to the Lancaster and Charlotte road, near Harrison' churob, was confirmed. T. R. Robertson, Clerk of Crimina Court, was allowed $149.89, fees due wit nesses for attendance at Juoe term of said Court. On Tuesday, the main business trans aoted by the Board was the drawing of Jurors to serve at the ensuing terms o the Criminal and Superior Courts. The following persons were drawn to serve as Jurors at the Superior Court term, begin ning the last Monday in August: lirst Week.K S Finch, W II Patter son, A C Fisher, J L Alexander, C N Brown, W P Williams, R F Auten, W M Suit, R B Morrow, J A Houston, W E Shaw, D Blume, T J Wilson, J W Ewart, J 8 Cashion, J W S Todd.'T P Alexander, ana o u faolkner. Second Week. J Brown Grier, H W Tatem, John Barnett, W F Boyd,' J R Hunter, J A Solomon, C A Rigler, C B Todd, W II Schroeder, A L Smith, L Berwanger and R G Ken- ancic. intra weec. J Hi Henderson, Ii B Trotter, A J Abernathy, T W Neely, Ira A DeArmond, J L Ramsay, L J Walk er, li Kizer, C O Mercer, A II Rbyue, S a unuiiu ana j rranit in eel y. And the following are the Jurors for the Criminal Court for the second Monday In August: Messrs A E Rankin, A C Russell. W W Reid. J D Watts. M E Beaver, Eugene Cogbill, J R He o demon. no nionoison, o w tjrowell, 11 D Duck worth, D A Johnson. J Mo Holbrooke M S Edward. J F Orr. J M Cook. W F Ba ker, S W Davis, J W Wadaworth, J II Weddington, J A Kell, J M Goodrum, A J Shannon, T N Alexander, T O Squires, Wm Baker, J L McRae, J R Brown, C A Griffith, J W Adams, V II Gates, Edward Hooper, W S Flenniken, RAP Merritt. tt w uaues, it ij n,wart ana j ic Hood The Board will meet next Monday to revise the tax lists, and to hear complaints in regard to excessive valuation. Persons who have failed to return bad better pre sent themselves at that time, otherwise they will have to pay a double tax. In oonneotion with the meeting of the Commissioners on Monday, the Assessors and List Takers of the several townships met as follows: Charlotte, D G Maxwell; Berryhill, L M McAllister; Steel Creek, S W Keid; PioeviHe, J W Barnett; Provi dence, W E Ardrey; Morning Star, J W Hood; Clear Creek, C P Mango; Crab Orohard, S II Farrow; Mallard Creek, R L DeArmond; Deweese, J Lee Sloan; Lemley's, J L Jetton; Long Creek, J W Sample; Paw Creek, D A McCord; Hun- tersville, R A Torrence. ' . Oo motion, L M McAllister was chosen Seoretary of the Board. After organiza tion, it was learned that a number of mem bers of the Board had not made any in vestigation ot the business before them, and an adjournment was bad" until the afternoon. The first township called was Charlotte, and the Chairman stated that owing to the large amount of work to be done, and the time allowed, he was not ready to report. He was given until next Monday in which to make his report to the Board. It was stated, however, that the average valuation of land in Charlotte township would be something less than last year ($16 per acre), while the person al property valuation will be about the same. The average valuation of land in Steel Creek is $7 per acre; Providence was rated at $6.23 and raided by the Board 10 per cent; while in Paw Creek and Lemley's, the average valuation was slightly reduced by the Board. In all other townships the valuation was in creased varyiug from five to fifteen per cent., making the general average outside Charlotte township about $7 per acre. The assessment of personal property in the oounty was left as returned by the list takers. The Cotton Crop Encouraging Report. Memphis, July 4. The regular month ly cotton orop of the Memphis district, wbioh embraces western Tennessee, north ern Mississippi, northern Arkansas and northern Alabama, published today by Hill, Fontaine & Co., says: ' "The weather during June has been fa vorable to cotton. Rain, which was needed in many localities, baa fallen in copious showers throughout the district within the past four days, which has been of material benefit to both cotton and corn. Our 312 correspondents, as a rule, Teport good stands with the plant lorming and blooming well. The condition of the crop is not only more favorable than last year, baton an average, fully two weeks earlier. Th'u is a most promising outlook for cot ton. Corn, however, io many sections baa suffered from the drought, but the in- deflations am that full o :n mi up Will be raised, more than will' be needed for nse within the district and considerably more than the crop of last year." 137" A straight line can be drawn through seventy-five miles of the Indian River, Florida, without touching shore. It ia called the ttraighlest river in the world." North Carolina Crops. RaLbigh. Jul v 2. The Secretary of the Department of Agriculture hat pre oared the crop report tor J une, - do lar as tabulated it shows unprecedented crop, As Commissioner Robinson says, it is a year of plenty. All the orops growing finely. Rain is somewhat needed in the Duplin section. Dr. Dabney, State Cbem ist. made the remark that it no more rain fell from this time until September 1st there would be a larger crop of cotton than last year. Reports of damage by the chinch-bug are mu numerous iu wis i but the lth good "S" ' farmera are using the remedy effect. This remedy, the kerose sion, slays the bogs every time, and Col. Robinson savs the farmers are using it freelv. The department has issued two special bulletins on this subject which is attraction so much attention. The fact is that the bulk of the corn crop was threat ened with destruction, and some is even now in danger. Replies in regard to inquiries as to the snDr.Iv of labor, show that it is rather more abundant and efficient in the section west of the Bine Ridge. Very few com plaints come from the eastern counties, but the bulk oomes from the Piedmont section, or rather the belt from Johnston county to Iredell, the cotton belt. But the labor here will probably be sufficient to handle even so great a crop. A remarkable development of strawber ry culture is reported to the Department. The Messrs Westbrook . of Faison'a have introduced -a berry, to which they have given their name, and it proyes to be the most popular ever sold JNorth. At smith field, in Johnston county, the berry-growers succeeded in selling berries from one bed for six weeks continuously. The Nation's Debt. Statement showing the Condition of the Treasury. The following is a recapitulation of the National debt on June 30, 1887 Interest bearing debt : Bonds, m per cent, $250,000,000 00 4 per cent, 737,800,600 00 " 3 per cent, 19,716,500 00 Refunding certificates, 4 per cent, 175,250 00 Navy pension fund at 3 per cent, 14,000,000 00 Pacific railroad bonds, 6 per cent, ' 64,623,512 00 Principal, 1.086,315,862 00 interest. 12.351,603 00 Total, 11,098,667,465 00 Debt on which interest has ceased since maturity of principal. 6,115,165 25 Interest, 190,753 87 Total, $6,305,919 13 Debt bearing uo interest : Old demand and letral tender notes. 34S.738.148 00 Certificates of deposit, 8,770.000 00 Gold certificates, 91,225,437 00 Silver certificates, 142.118.017 00 x raciionai currency, (,ies9 amount estimated as lost or destroyed.! 6.946.964 00 Principal, 595,798,564 00 Total i ebt, principal, 1,638,229,591 00 Interest, 12,542,357 00 Total, $1,770,771,948 00 Total debt less casih items avail able for its reduction. Sl.320.282.106 00 loiai casn in Treasury, 483,433,917 21 increase oi me ueDt aurinsr tne month of June. 1887. 16.852.725 17 Since June 30, 1886, Total receipts for June, Total receipts for fiscal year end 109,707,646 38 33,070,985 00 ing June csu, 1887, Made up as follows: 371,380,894 00 Uustoms, 217,403,983 00 Internal revenue. 119.186,447 00 Miscellaneous, 84,840,463 00 Napoleon after the Battle of Waterloo From Scribner's Magazine. Whether any course was open to Na- poleon after the disaster of Waterloo, oth- At than ( V a f mkk l - J a J 3 I IU- " ; " 7r:"":7-v ?u? ?tTkI " r" !7. "ST UU ft r fc""u.k7 preuaui.ouio oisso.ve the chambers hnfnra aeinnn nnt u A.; u ,kki ,j u 3 - w . w uuu wa L U I - f a l piwwowiy uuuiu uavtJ I ailieu I me nation and protracted the struggle. But the chambers were unfriendlv: anv parliamentary body is naturally unfriendlv tn. o ; i : , a j ... . . ore, nothing less than a , - - , r: '. J military despot-1 ism could possibly have a v from the calamity of -the restoration of the .t..t- 7". isourbons by loreign bayonets. Hence, unless Napoleou should execute a new coup d'etat, there was nothing for him but aouication. On the 15th of July. 1815. NaDoleon eurrenaerea mtasell oa board the British - ' ' - . Luau-ui-wr ueueropnoo. j ma appear ance and bodily condition during the two 3ll 1 r . months of his stay on this vessel, we have an interesting account in the narrative of Maitland describes him as "a remarkably atronw wAM.hnilt.man .kA r n innhe. hirh hi. iimi, 1..1. u formed, with a fin anklA .n.1 vw mn a w sr "w w i font, of whioh ho ..m.j he always wore, while on board the ship . , .. v,va lawnci IS1U, HOI silk stockings and shoes. His hands were very small, aud had the plumpness of a woman s rather than the robustness of a man s. His eyes light gray, teeth good, aud when. he smiled tbe expression of his uounteoance was nigniv Dleasintr- whpn under the influence of disappointment, r m n nowever, it assumed a dark gloomy cast. tus nair was ot a very, dark brown, nearly apinviH,uiuj( uiai;, auu mougn a utile thin on tbe top and front had not a gray hair among it. His complexion was a very uncommon one, being of a lisht. sallow color, differing from any other I ever met with, rrom his havin? becomA nor mi ent, he had lost much of bis personal activ ity, and, if we are to give credit to those who attended him, a very considerable portiou of his mental energy was also gone. It is certain bis habits were very eiuarjiio wuue ne was OO 0 -i : i , . . . . - rophan; for, though he wen or 9 o clock in tbe even rise until about tbe same bou ing, he frequently fell asleep oo the sofa .i - . . . . iu ine caoin in tne course of.the dav. Ilia general appearance was that of a man rather older than be was. Antiquity of thk Potato. The fact that potatoes are indigenous in the Andes naA. -vt W a U A a a erally accepted as proof that the. wer wWy,u nuiviivi usb ueen ren ov,. .u eastern continent until I alter Columbus disCOVernd AmtriVo - i Enron from tl, nl. A: r.Y uj uuuvuuiBuiT luiroaucea into i n nn -n.i i .. . i. r- j unuunieu uuubi- i uDuv, uu wcro a long lime even i tr , . , . . t. - I Ihtl in niAlrirtff ll,A!.n.. i. . i I ii u rTsT- "aj o popular iavor. But the Chinese claim to have had pot a- toes precisely like those now grown from time immemorial. Jesuit missionaries report the potato growing wild in the it is quite probable that a plant so useful to man was indigenous in both hemis pheres, and used bv the neonl ol eh perhaps centuries before either knew of tbe existence of the other. In some parts . ., . r - " of China notatnea nn mnM aha. I r r " ih the main food of tbe poorer class of people. I r in the morn I State News, Thk Atlantic & N. ( C Railroad. The stockholders of the Atlantio & N. C. Railroad have re-elected all of its present ofiicers. This is right.? They have shown themselves efficient in vvery way and have made it a pleasure to ride over the Road. The Road is beincf run on busi ness nrinoiDles and is fast -becoming a good property. Goldsboro Argus. Chamber's; Coubt at Concord. An important matter was beard and decided by jQ(Jge Montgomery at Chambers last , n,ent lrom county. 'Mr Adams Had porchased a tract of land for $10,000 from Mr Uolman, paid part and gave mortgage 'o the balance.' Mr Bolm.n al- leging that default had been made in one of the payments, bad advertised the lands for sale. Mr Adams denies that there was any default and obtained a restraining or- der, and last night the restraining order was continued. M. H. Justice, lisq. of Rutherford appeared for Adams. J. A. Forney, Esq. of the same place and Ralph Carson of Spartanburg, appeared for Bol-1 man. The case was well piepared and! argued by both sides. Ihe argument I was closed at 12 o'clock. Concord Times, June 30th. The first case regarding the legali' ty of the drummers' license tax will come to the Supreme Court from Chowan coun ty. A. W. Henderson of Baltimore is the defendant. He was selling without a li cense when Sheriff Warren arrested him. The Tobacco Convention. Greens boro, July 2. A primary convention of the tobacconists of the Stale was held here th'u morning to select a lime aud place for holding a State Convention. Raleigh, Durham, Henderson, Reidsville, High Point aud Greensboro were repre sented. Ihe place chosen wan Mo rt-head City, and the time August 17th. The primary to-day was well attended and an interesting occasion is expected for the State Convention. There are a good many people who have not listed tbeir taxes. It has been the law that any one who failed to list before tbe list takers, cuuld do so be- tore ine Kegieier oi ueeao. ov uanii tweuty-6ve centF; but the law has been changed. An Expert. Prof. G. F. Kunz, a dia mond expert from New York, peut yec terday in the city. The Professor has been through portions oi our western sec tion and has driven over two hundred miles' with a horse and buggy through the counties of Ashe, McDowell, Burke. Ire- I (fell and Alleghany. He was greatly im pressed with the indications through that seclion aud has found evidence of erreat weaim iu gem-Dearing stones, lie was i.i? i most favorably impressed with the pros pects in the Bracket and linndletowu sec tions and specially so with the J. A. D. Stevenson collection which he inspected at Statesville, and is loud in his praise of the work accomplished by Mr Stevenson as being of great benefit to the State. Ral eigh Observer. fcg? At the annual meeting of tbe Statesville and Air Line Railroad Co. the act amending its charter was accepted. aud a lull Directory was elected. Subse quently, Ur. J. J. Molt was eleoled President, C. A. Carlton, Esq.. Secretary and .treasurer, aud Col. W. A. Eliasou Chief Engineer. 53? Tomatoes by the thousands will soon bo rotting on the vines all over this country, and next Winter we will buy canned tomatoes at the North. Hard times, indeed! They ought to be hard and stay hard; for like the proverbial fool of old, we will learn wisdom in no other BCbool. Goldsboro Arous. OFFICE akd Officers Contikued.- Ahe revenue stamp office here wiu be continued by Collector Craige, m. . . 3 . ... u,a,Sc' I n n OTA rv n -k t"M n -t A l..l..aA. Z 1 I 1 1 1 . : . ,Jlu a" vvuarione wm oe aooi label Stamp Deputy Burde. of the of. nee here, has received his bond and com' mission from Collector Craiere. Denutv vonecior rving oi this county, has "1 . 1 1 . TT' r . . F been re-commiBBionea. it is a matter ot errant .ati.niinn ii,. r .u: " I w icvpioui iuih piace aoa to the tax-payers of this section that in the shaking up, the stamp office here does not go by the board. Statesville Land mark. Of course Charlotte was ignored, even to the extent of a little "stamp office." That is usual. jrsr- ti,,. t ... , . ... , . . v wm De snipped to Salisbury this week, ca iuo iKiciiuBUiuce. UierKS anal . M u. &herrill will be MrCraige'a cashier, . " .... "I and Dr. Michal will be one of clerks, JVewlon Enterprise. . Tno rePort come8 t0 ua 'rom Ral- eigh that they are havincr an enidemin nf typhoid fever there, and this sonnr ; - . a 8a to De attributable to the d ise b? nn "" -v w ualr.i. ..M. .. . r I oi ine oireeis in tne summer Limn fnr fh I ... . : ' I PurP8d of laying the pipes of the water works. We do not know how trneth m. port is, but have it from what would seem I to be good authority. Can it be that I there are so many cases of tvnhnid fnvor I there, and if there are, are they attribota- .m two thousand to three thousand "pub ble to the cause given above, and if so Pic 8Cbools. are there scientific reasons for it? anrlifan I why did the Doctors Bit still and allow the people's servants to dig op the streets when science taught that it wa9 a danger- uus uuuerianiag. uoiasooro Anus - J . 1 ynr - a O n a 1 ' iaisful Accident. On last Th..r.. day night about 9 o'clock, Mr Jack Link er oi ix o. i towuship, left Concord for bis home, having just come from Charlotte with Kia parrM a .1 . T . - " ,a uu icniu, jnai at LP r passing Mr David Parish's. Mr I horse became frightened and soon became unmanageable. They ran some distance, j oJ uuao.e io get . " ' ' " - " wooas an Dlffht aioue, aim ma not get medical aaa Htano.A 1 1 J .1 . a till sometime the next day. Mr Linker is a good citizen and a hard working man, and he has the sympathy of the communi ty in hi misfortune. Concord Times. A wrpat mint mprtiV.Tni.: 71.. .lT : LIIIAKettks i vtttxixt.-i n, i use oi tobacco in its various forms is very ininrinn. a ko.hl. .k:! .1 -. i very j v. nuiiu uii uiutrs eav it ai- lecis ihA ri(niih nf mun . . m. . " cavciji. anu siiii an oiner o.laaa i m . ih.i ll uaRlnt v honcfin . in m.t . i . " ' J ...--ti vvy IUVD VUUOUlUKrB, mi ,. . . v. ine latest charge brought against the weed is by an optician of New York He says cigarette smoking is doing more in- jury to the eves than anvthinc r Smoki which the cigarette is rolled that is very i ' m BVB-igui. !,. )i nere are more men and boys wearing glasses now j man a nave ever knows beiore, and I at tribute it ali to excess id tobacco smok- v - mwm iu ku xt: . , . n i8. aiuB oh. oi ten uermana wear spec tacles. They are inveterate smokers wucui.iicwaxoiisi.ruca: a tree, throwing tha nr,. k aa..a i i .u Oara theliel e- M, T.Int u: uj tt . . "'"8 . - -uuru gcijr l(i'iu tto bed at 8 TrolT' e State and in- m inr. mnAAiA nnt u 7 , V- "u aiy creaaea ine difficulty of the public school w . "ioiu. iii, liiuier was a reaav nn.. nmh Tk. i j of Public Edncatlon In North f e Carolina. v t- ;- By: Maj. S. if. Finger, Superintendent of Pub lic Instruction, in the Raleigh Chronicle.1 ; : Our Constitution of 1770 contained the following section': : ; , "That a school or schools shall be established by the Legislature for the convenient instruction of youth, with such salaries to the masters, paid by the public, as may enable them to instruct at low prices; and all useful learning shall be duly encouraged and promoted iu one or more nniver- sities." ' 1 - ' f ' 1 i T , Io obedience to this Constitutional privilege,' the University- of North - Caro - lina was established by act of Assembly in the year 1789. This institution was opened for students in February, 1795. Except during a few years just after the I close of the late war, it has been since lvao in successful operation; -and lrom it I have gone forth, from time to time, men I who nave adorned almost every station within the gilt ot toe American people. j Its influence has gone down among the I people, and it has been a power in their education. It now has ao endowment by the State, and all the appointments of a University I in fact, in which the youth of the Slate ana oi oiner oiaies may oe instructed in an tbe branches of useful learning, and it is a worthy head to tbe common schools l of the State. In the year 1825, the General Assembly set apart tor common schools a fund "con sisting of the dividends ansiug from the stocks then held r afterwards acauired by tbe State, in. the Banks of Newbern and Cape Fear, the dividends arising from the stocks owned by the State in the Cane rear Navigation Company, the Roanoke Navigation Company, aud the Clubfoot and Harlowe's Creek Canal Company, the tax imposed by law on license to retailers of spirituous liquors and auctioneers, the unexpended balance of the agricultural fund, all moneys paid to the State for en tries of vacant lands, and all the vacint and unappropriated swamp lands of the State, together with such sums of money as the Legislature may hereafter find it convenient to appropriate from time to time." From those sources it might seem that a large fund would soon have been accumulated, but' tbe generosity of the State as shown bv Act of Assemble nt Fayetteville, 1789, cut off what, under the I above recited provision, would soon have I yielded a magnihcent Bchool fund. I re-1 ter to the act ceding to the United States I all her territory now included in tbegrn-at stale ot lenuessee. I recite the uream- .... a ble giving the reasons for the cession of this magnificent domain, and as indicative of the character of our people at that early date: 'Whereas, The United States iu Coneresa As sembled, nave repeatedly and earnestly recom- menueu io me respective states, owning or claiming western territory to make cession of part of the same as a further means, as well of hastening the extinguishment of the debts, as of establishing the harmony of the United States; ana ine mnaouanis oi tne said western territory being also desirous that such cession should be made in order to obtain a more ample protection than they have heretofore received. Now, this State being ever desirous of doing ample justice i. 1 i -. 1 1 . . . . . . i mo puuuc urcuitors, as wen as esiaoiisning the harmony of the United States and comply ing with the reasonable desires of her citizens. lie it enacted. &c." TL. . ' ' ' . . me ncv goes on io recite the mauner of making the deed, aud various condi tions of the grant, among which is this: "Provided always, that no regulations made or to be made by Congress, shall tend to emanci pate slaves." The deed was made in February. 1790. for the reason stated irj tbe preamble above I recitea, ana tne grant was accepted bv I congress on tne day of April of that year, lhas it was that North Carolina patted with this valuable domain, because Congress requested it to be done as a means of paying the public debt, which bad been incurred by the thirteen original States in their com mon struggle for independence. IM !. . . X r . i iflun u wtjioai iNorin uarouna surren dered what would have yielded her a masr niliceut school fund, under such legislation as i.uau oi iozo. aDove recitea. ibis ac tion on the part of North Carolina was in marked contrast with the action of Con -i . - .r.. . vuuuetucui, iDgieaa oi contriDuticg lier public lands to the payment of the con payment ot tbe com mon debt ot the country,' held her "west- ern reserve" lor her own uses and from it laid the foundation Jf her school fund. rrom the funds appropriated by the Act of 1825, and from the distribution of fnnila hv Pnnnmao in 1 ftlft XTsi.th : r rJ - " tin hd. nn In 1R1 a .nmn lata1 -V 1 i r - -v -" j Mwuu.u.cbv. tm nuuuui fn wUwvVuatiiaVBJUlat0. uuo iuii- lion lour hundred thousand of which came from the Congressional distribution. The fund yielded about one hundred and twen- tv thousand dollars per annum a small 8ara w,th which to begin a system of gen- eral education lor a State comprising 52.- nn i m - . square nines oi sparsely populated ter- " - ory. i : .-- - I mi" ... , , . auo puouc scnoois were, nowever. pro-1 vided lor in 1840, and was continued until the c'8e of tne ate wart lne tota amount exPeided annually being from two to three hundred thousand dollars, in support of JMotwilhstanding this was a. small amount of money to be spread over such I a la"ge territory, yet great good was ac-AI complished, not aloue in the education of the masses of the people in the rudiment- ary orancnes oi Jioglish, but also in in- I I f Tl a a a . I lusiog among the people the spirit of edu-1 cation. I But the war of 1861 came, and the re- I suits were the loss of almost the whole of the school fund, and the destruction of al- most every species of property except the lands. Not only so. but its further re- suits were the freedom and nve - eighths and the negroes about three- eishtha of th ahnU nnnnl.iiAn ine problem then was, how the five-I eighths, impovished as they were, owning mt a a . " 1.1 an tne lands, but essentially nothing but the lands, could educate themselvpa and I History AlllTAnokln t VltlAQUBIJiU VI I also the ibree-eighths of the paupers re-1 under special acts of assembly, have ex cently made citizens. I do not think that cellent graded schools supported by vol ri- . r p ..Pie e.Ter lnr08t P? a more difficult orob em than tha &oulh bad, for it applied to the whole South, in the formation of safe political I society out ot such material. UI course. I - - m . . w" I general education was seen to be a neces-1 ur people, recognizing the neces-1 siiy, wun tbat wooderiul adaptability I wuicn ciiaractenzes tbem. did not told I . . . . . . . . - I r meir usdqi in tame nubmission to what I seemea to many inevitable political. social ana material destruction, but that they J r It is true that many good people have pp'eu me eroris to educate tbe masses 1.1 rr- . . ol tbe people at publio expense, and that many do yet object, for reasons which are no doubt satisfactory to themselves. But suit some progress baa been made. Ibere will now be found in oar Consti- tution the following provisions, adopted since the war : . ; ' ' ' ' 1 "The General Assembly' shall levy a capita tion tax on every male inhabitant in the State, over twenty-one and under fifty years of age, which shall be equal on each to the tax on prop erty value at three hundred dollars in cash." ! '"The proceeds of the State and county capita tion tax shall be applied to the purposes of edu cation and the support of the poor, but in no one year shall more than twenty-five per cent, thereof be applied to the latter purpose." Each county in tha State shall be divided into I convenient number of districts, iu which one I or 'more. public schools shall be maintained, at I least, four months in every year, and if the com- I missioners of anv countv shall fail to comDlv 1 with aforesaid requirements of this section, they eha11 liaD,e indictment." "The proceeds of all lands t Sarffi ffSlSlJ that have been or the United- States, to this State, and not otherwise appropriated by this State or by the United States; also all mon eys, stocks, bonds and other property, now be longing to any State fund for purposes of educa tion; also the net proceeds of all sales of swamp lands belonging to the State, and other grants. gifts or devises that nave been or hereafter may be made to the State, and not otherwise appro - priated by the State, or by the term of the grant, ury; and together with so much of the ordinary revenue of the State as niav be bv law set arjart for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated for establishing and maintaining in this State a system of free, public schools, and for no other uses or purposes. It is also provided io tbe Constitution, that the clear proceeds of all penalties and forfitures, and oi all fines collected in the several counties lor - any- breach of tbe penal or military laws of the State shall be appropriated in the respective couoties tor maintaining free publio schools. The above provisions of the Constitu tiou are the basis upon which our present Bchool system rests. So lar very little money has been received from any source except from ordinary taxation-of property and poll. While the State Board of Edu cation owus a large area of swamp lands perhaps near a million acres alletijrts so tar to make them available for school pur poses have resulted in disappointment, although before the war near two hundred thousand dollars was spent in an attempt to drain them. I do not think that any considerable sum will ever be realized from them, certainly not such sums as will be of much importance in the eduoition ot our people. It will therefore be seen that what has been done since the war. and what may hereafter be done for publio education, has depended and must hereafter depend up- on funds raised and to be raised by ordi- nary taxation on property and polls. Lat n Ht what ha hem don 1. A chair has recently been endowed at the University for instruction in the Art of Teaching, from Which good resitliB are expected in the line of competent teachers for tbe public schools. 2. We now have eight Normal schools for the whites and five for the negroes. lhose for the whites are rather in the na ture of institutes, and are held annually at convenient points io the State, for a period of one month. Many of the ad vanced teachers of the State have mani- tested a laudable spirit in giving instruc tions in these schools. The attendance is large, of persons eager to be instructed in the advanced methods of teaching and 1 . n scnooi management. $4,ouu per annum is appropriated lor these Normals for the whiles. Ihe five colored Normals are reg ularly in session eight or nine months per annum. All nve are under tbe man agement of Boards ol Directors composed of white men, who employ the best col ored instructors to be had, and otherwise superintend the school. These schools an- Dually supply a large number of teachers Ior me colored people, and have an an- nual appropriation of eight thousand dol lars.' 3. Our statutes provide ior county In stitutes for both races,-and many of the counties hold them for one or two weeks, ana tuey are productive of much good. The normal schools aud couuty Institutes nave had a very bne tiled in elevating the standard of common school leacher: yet a great ueai remains to Do done in this direction. 4. acn county now has a separate Board of Education and a Superintendent, and these officer are charged with the management of the funds and the schools o. ineir respective counties, and are re quired to equalize school iacilities, as far as ma,y be practicable aud lust, to all the cnuaren, without discrimination as to race. 5. All the counties have beeu divided into districts, separate for the two races. in each of Wbicb a school is annually pro- viaea. inese districts are irregular in size, out not many oi mem contain an area of more than four miles square, and mauy are much smaller, so that, except in tbe very sparsely populated sections of the State, there is annually a school in esy 'each of every child. n rin. i l a is o- a ue vienerai Assemoiy now levies a . f . 1 tK ti oi vweivu uuu one-nan cenis on everv lu" 1,1 property, ana at cents on each rkinn .r w 1 . pou ior acnoois; ana at least 7o per cent oi an owier pun taxes, wneiner levied in tbe Revenue Law or by tbe county com missioners, must be appropriated for scnooic. au tnese mo tie vs. ao annro- priated, are collected by the Sheriffs of . ri the respective counties, and bv them turned over to the couuty school officers, th e fund accumulated in each county is ..." "Ot nmcient to maintain schools forL.Dt, period ol four months, tbe statute requires OA FJR & YADK-IN VALLEY ROAD, a 1 a tu.e county commissioners, in accordance wllb the provision of the Constitution above cited, to lew a special Ur tor tht purpose. Our Supreme Court has recently decided in the case of Birksdale vs. Corn- missioners of Sampson county, that this requirement is constitutional only withiu the limits of 66i cents on nronertv .,.! $2 on the poll, but that special taxes tor special purposes under special acts of As mbly are not to be included. Last vear e whole amount raised for public schools . The Bystem is executed by a State Sanerinindm,t nl Pnhlir. Tn.t.n..; a the state Board of Jbdocalion composed of the Governor and all the other State -a a, officers. 8. Man v of our cities and lim.r inan untary taxation, but tbe people groan nn- vr. tun wuiuru wi laxauon wnicn is, in many case-, said to be loo grievous to be borne. mt a a . Anus it will be seen that the Slate baa a uniform and well appointed system, but I ,H ur conaition oi poverty, it could but expected that tbe support of ihe school. ior even lour months would h h..r,l.. , . .... - me wneii an the lunds must h r;-t oy direct taxation. Then, ton th ..u must necessarily be small, and inade 3!!?- ure such talent a. is desirable, and induce teachers to prolession: Right here is tbe weak point in our public school matters tbe want of sufficient funds. Tbe State has done well in the ri.l rt tin v. i : .. .. I. . t , , ... wi uci yuyiiBiuuuuii, ana soe win con tinue to straggle on oarrymgsher burden, earnestly looking forward to the ; time 1 - 1 r r . I TT-!. 1 o . . mT .V f n , u a will open the doors of the Treasury aud extend aid. North Carolina and other Southern States gave to the United Stales vast domains which were used to pay a common debt, a debt of the original thir teen States, and in the course of events it turns out that the United States trees the slaves ot the South and makes them -citi zens and voters, while in a condition ot extreme ignorance. 1 wenly-two years have elapsed since the close of the war; almost another generation baa been rau-ed np since the South laid down her arms; it is too iate to look back now and engage in crimination and recrimination; it is surely time for the United States to leod a help ing band to the South in carrying her bur den. Perhaps this U not the proper time to discus the piinciples which underlay the recent conflict ot arms. Secession and coercion should now be referred to only , bo far as it may be j gauJ s as to the necessary to Uo oo to dnty of the present, UtorJ w11 ntnally be written hicb i will enable posterity to make up lis ver- I diet upon the Great Constitutional ques Hon involved in this greatest of all con flicts iu all tbe history of the world. Al most all sincere, intelligent men, the world over, who have investigated the question, admit that as long as the fraihers ot the Constitution of 1787 lived, tbe right of a State to withdraw lrom tbe Union was a prominent feature in our politics. To say tbe least of it, it was a question about which great and good men could and did diner; and saying this about se cession it only tantamount to nayiug that great and goo 1 men could aud did differ about the rigl.: of coercion uuder our Con Blilution, As great, good, and gallant men have settled these principles by tha arbitrament of the sword, where is the room for a con linoanc of sectional hostility ? If the re suit of the conflict was, as claimed by the T t .t r. ixorio, ine ridding oi tne country ot a great National Sin iu the emancipation ol the negroes, why is not the whole country respoosiDie lor their education and pre paration for citizenship? Why, in the light ui history, cafet this whole burden up on the south? Why in the light ol right aud justicH should the Congress ot the United Stales have delayed so long? How long will they still refuse to help? surely ine government toil could find warrant in the Constitution to free the ne groes and make them citizens can aUo fiud aulhoiity to distnbute from its oveiflow ing treasury funds to tducale them tor the proper discharge of the duties of free men and citizens. Many Stales of this Union have, by act of Congress magnificent endowments tor their public schools. I ctnnot stop to enu merate them, surely such slates should not stand iu the way of legislation, at least for temporary aid to the South in this her emergency, surely the people of the Northern section of country ought not only lobe wiilinsr to erant this aid. but o a - - j they ought to free it from all hampering restrictions aud let the south manage it without the least Federal interferences. S. M. FINGER About 60,000.000 of silver dollars are in circulation and 142.000,000 in il ver cerlihcales, making $202,000,000 which have beeu added to the currency by the coinage of silver. Had it not been for silver coinage what wonld the country nave done for currency. Arrival and Departure Charlotte. Of Trains at RICHMOND & DANVILLE AND ATLANTA & CHARLOTTE AIR LINE No. 50 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at 2:15 a. m Leaves for Atlanta at 2:25 a m 01 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at 5.05 a. m. Leaves for Richmond at 5.15 a. in. No. 52 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at 12:35 p. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 1:00 p. m. do. oj Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at 6:25 p. m. Leaves for Richmond at 6:45 p. m. CHARLOTTE. COLUMBIA & AUGUSTA. Arrives from Columbia at 6:10 p. m. Leaves for Columbia at 1:00 p. m. A., T. & O. Division. Arrives from Statesville at 10:45 a. m. Leaves for Statesvile at 6:35 p. m. CAROLINA CENTRAL. Leaves Wilmington at 7:23 a m; arrives at Char lotte at 4:o p. m. Leaves Charlotte at 8:45 p m-y arrives at Wilming ion at s:uu a. ni. Shelby Division oj Carolina Central. Leaves Charlotte for Rutherfordton at 4:3-2 n. m. Arrives a i nmuerioruion ai U.1U p. in. Leave Rutherfordton at 7.15 a m. Arrive at Charlotte at 11.50 a. m. RALEIGH & AUGUSTA AIR LINE R. II. Passenger Train Leaves Uamlet 2:45 a m, arrives at Raleigh 9:00 am. Leaves Raleigh at 7:00 p m, arrives at Hamlet i:ao a m. WKSTJtliM N. C. RAILROAD SCHEDULE. Passenger train leaves Salisbury 11.30 A. M., ar rives at Asneviue ai a 4S . M., and at Paint kock at 8.3U p. m. iieaves aint liock at 0.55 a. m.. and ABhevili. ai i.iu p. m, ana arrives at Salisbury at 7.30 p. ui. IF at t A Lieaves ureensooro :ou a. m. LeaveaFayettesville 3.30 p.m; arrive at Bennetts- vuie, o. u., o:4o, p. m. weaves Uennettsville. S. C, 10:10 a. m : Leaves irayetteviue 2.00 p. m., arrive at Greens- ooro r.io p. m. H. Baruch uas inducements to effer. which r.n not equalled by the best Dry Goods Houses in the oouiu. HE HAS Added greatly to his already lare stock, and on bis recent trio to New York hnntrhi plus Mocks or Importers and Manufiicturerii XirYt onn Kl.n I.Sm A ..t 1 . - . v uivu CUOU1CO UIUI IU BCll II1HT1 V mrUlT BASQAn ,hla UUUU8 n i J Ridiculously Low Prices. Biucc i nave taken ho d of th T?Pfii tt... lonneny unaer me name of Wittkowky & at. v , UUUSV uarucn, ana wiinarawn from the Wholesale uusioess. i aevote mv entire tim ni aitninn io me Keiau only, ana being a Vnnh Buyer of ... a ' WltVUHVIl .uw.uugu cAucneuce, x can, ana will, always ftff in.1iiAi.manl. J vuva iu u ui lucii 1-9 Which will be Appreciated By all who look at my Goods and get my Quo- ttun - See My Dally Displays! SEE MY DAILY BARGAINS I - See whether I don't lead in Low Prices. See my Stock and you will See the lurcrpct in IK. Si. to See my prices throughout mv Store. an .m . - II. Barnch Is the Regulator of Low Prices t&" I solicit Mail Orders and riv. m,. prompt attention. II. BARUCH, June 3, 1887. Charlotte, N. C I Comparative Cotton Statement I The following is the comparative cot,, I . . , s. uFrauve cotton ,w'emenl ,or ending Jly llt 1887. 1886. . 17,845 8.283,287 4,077,451 355,015 87,063 663,000 Net receipts at all U. 8. ports. 8.597 ! Total receipts to date, 5,215,123 .Exports lor tbe week. 13.51a Total exports to date, 4 241,993 Stock at all U. 8. ports, 273,567 Stock at all interior towns, 12,403 BtocK in Liverpool, 807.000 Stock of American afloat for Great Britain, 10,000 79,000 Total Receipts at all American since Sept 1st, 1886. Porti The following are the total net receipt. of ootton at all United States sinoe September 1st, 1886: Galveston 706,535, New Orleans 1,709,994, Mobile 213,390, Savannah 749,504, Charleston 396,672, Wilmington 134,655, Norfolk 534,250, Baltimore 96,100, New York 86,991, Boston 105,271, Newport News I04,4o7, Philadelphia 57,118, West Point 207,411, Brunswick 26,977, Port Roval 17,910, Pensacola 12,872. Total 5,215,123. Total Visible Supply of Cotton. Nw York, July 2. The total viaibla supply of cotton for tbe world .is 1,808 325 bales, of which 1,138,525 are Ameri can, againat 1,853,603 and 1,308,103 re spectively last year; receipts at all interior towns, 2,035; receipts from plantations n iHo :. :ut a otn rtn ' PHABE & LONG, (Successors to K Z. Zatta & ro.t) Clothiers. Having succeeded the well known firm of D. LATTA & BRO.. it is our desire to receive' and will be our utmost effort to deserve, that whicu 8 steadfastly attended the retiring cern, and has made them prominent throughout the two Carolines. New Clothing for 1887. We shall give very close attention to our bnl. ness and shall have a special care to the interests of our patrons, and as we begin our new life having no accounts and naught against anyone' bearing -good will toward all men," and a very special liking for ladies, who have the responsi ble charge of providing well for the comfort of the "rising generation, we shall hone bv conr. teous dealing, the sellioir of reliable Goods onlv and the One Price system, to succeed. Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods. Our expenses will be light, relativelv reduced. as we shall serve in active capacity ourselves, and as we have purchased our Stock very advan tageously, and much under value. We will offer inducements heretofore unknown to the trade. The first call from our friends will be mnch appreciated, and will give us an encouragement wnicu we wuiendeavcr to substantially manifest. PHARR & LONG. Jan. 7. 1887. MOURNING GOODS. Every Lady purchasing Goods in the above line will do well to investigate our Stock and Prices. This department of our business receives special attention tnd embraces all the most desirable materials to be found in a' first-claaa Mourning Goods department. ; Lusterless Silks from $1 to $2. Cashmeres in everv erade from 25 centa tn $1.87. Our 75c. Cashmere is extra valne at the nrirp Be sure to see it. Fullline of Henriettas from $1 to $2. Surges, Albatross, Tricots. Sebastopoola. DraD' Almas, in All. Wool and Silk Warps. Black Satteens and Black Plaid Organdies. Full stock of Trimmiti? and Veiltnir fWnpa Nuns Veiling, Crimp Trimmings, Buttons, etc. BET Mail Orders solicited and promptly filled T L SEIOLE & CO. 11 West Trade St. May 27. 1887. Guns, Pistols AND AMMUNITION. We are headquarters for these Goods. Have fust opened up the finest and most complete line oi oporung uoous ever orougnt to litis market. Double and Single Breech Loading tihot Guns. all grades. London Pine Twist Muzzle Load ing Guns. Breech Loading Rifles, all grades. Paper and Brass Shells. Breech Loadimr Imple ments, Shot Pouches and Belts, Powder Flasks, &c, i&C. We guarantee our retail prices on these Goods against New York or Baltimore. Call and be convinced. HAMMOND A JUSTICE. Rubber and Leather Belting. Just received, a large lot of Rubber Beltine of all sizes. We warrant every foot we sell and guarantee our prices against any house south of Baltimore. HAMMOND & JUSTICE. Oct. 29. 1886. Flour! Flour!! We are dealing largelv in Flour of all trades. buying it direct from the Milla bv the Car Load. and can always give you lowest market prices. If you want a number one eooA Flour, trv oar "Honest" brand. It is alwava reliable everv sack warranted. SPRINGS & BURWELL. Sept. 24. 1886. GROCERIES, ETC THE BEST STOCK OF Heavy and Fancy Groceries, CONFECTIONERIES. Fruits, Canned Goods, etc., can be found at A. R. & W. B. N1SBET BURWELL & DUNN SELL At Lowest Market Prices. Lewis' Pure White Lead. Boiled and Raw Linseed Oil. The Best Readv-Mixed Paint, all Colors and all size cans. You can paint your, buemr for one dollar, in the best ttyle. with rarriaee Black (and other colors ) Tbe best is sold by BURWELL & DUNN. Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinds by the bottle, dozen and gross at prices always tbe same. BURWELL A DUNN. Dr. King's Blood and Liver Pills. Dr. King's Cough 8yrup. Dr. King's Sarsaparilla and Queen's Delight Dr. Kinir'a Vermituee. Sold only by BURWELL & DUSW. If you will rive your horses, cows, hoes and poultry the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Pow ders, you will have no trouble. 25 cents per package. For sale by BURWELL & DUNN, Wholesale and ReUil Drusreists, June 10. 1887. . T r. Opposite Central Hotel. Surgical Instruments. Toannnlv a need lonr felt bv the Medical Profession of this section, we have now and will keep constantly in stock, a full line of SURGI CAL INSTRUMENTS, which we warrant. We are also Dreoared to irive anv and all dis counts in any of the New York Instrument Cata logues. Give ns a call. " K. a. jukdaw a Nov. 18, 1885. Druggists, Springs' Corner.