CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Oo Monday and Tuesday last, the
Mecklenburg Board of County Commis
sioners held their regular monthly meet
ing present, T. L. Vail, chairman, and J.
R. Morris, Thomas Grier, 8. H. Hilton and
The usual amount of claims against the
conoty were audited and ordered paid.
Several persons were exempted from
the payment of a capitation tax on ac
couut of poverty and physical infirmity
and Jesse Coley was authorized to peddle
without payiog the usual tax,inconse
quenee of poverty and infirmity.
The Sheriff was ordered to summon
Jury to lay out two roads io Providence
township 1st. From the Union county
line, near Archie Porter's, running the old
Momoe road, intersecting the publio road
aear Mrs Knox's, about one and a half
miles. 2d. From Samuel R. Grier's, on
the Providence road, to Mrs E. C. Grier's,
oo the public road to Matthews, about
one and a half miles.
The Sheriff was allowed $54.20 for feed
ing prisoners in Jail during the month of
The report of the Jury summoned to
lay out a publio road from Six-mile Creek,
on ibe Union county line, to the Lancaster
and Charlotte road, near Harrison'
churob, was confirmed.
T. R. Robertson, Clerk of Crimina
Court, was allowed $149.89, fees due wit
nesses for attendance at Juoe term of said
On Tuesday, the main business trans
aoted by the Board was the drawing of
Jurors to serve at the ensuing terms o
the Criminal and Superior Courts. The
following persons were drawn to serve as
Jurors at the Superior Court term, begin
ning the last Monday in August:
lirst Week.K S Finch, W II Patter
son, A C Fisher, J L Alexander, C N
Brown, W P Williams, R F Auten, W M
Suit, R B Morrow, J A Houston, W E
Shaw, D Blume, T J Wilson, J W Ewart,
J 8 Cashion, J W S Todd.'T P Alexander,
ana o u faolkner. Second Week. J
Brown Grier, H W Tatem, John Barnett,
W F Boyd,' J R Hunter, J A Solomon,
C A Rigler, C B Todd, W II Schroeder,
A L Smith, L Berwanger and R G Ken-
ancic. intra weec. J Hi Henderson, Ii
B Trotter, A J Abernathy, T W Neely,
Ira A DeArmond, J L Ramsay, L J Walk
er, li Kizer, C O Mercer, A II Rbyue, S
a unuiiu ana j rranit in eel y.
And the following are the Jurors for
the Criminal Court for the second Monday
In August: Messrs A E Rankin, A C
Russell. W W Reid. J D Watts. M E
Beaver, Eugene Cogbill, J R He o demon.
no nionoison, o w tjrowell, 11 D Duck
worth, D A Johnson. J Mo Holbrooke M
S Edward. J F Orr. J M Cook. W F Ba
ker, S W Davis, J W Wadaworth, J II
Weddington, J A Kell, J M Goodrum, A
J Shannon, T N Alexander, T O Squires,
Wm Baker, J L McRae, J R Brown, C A
Griffith, J W Adams, V II Gates, Edward
Hooper, W S Flenniken, RAP Merritt.
tt w uaues, it ij n,wart ana j ic Hood
The Board will meet next Monday to
revise the tax lists, and to hear complaints
in regard to excessive valuation. Persons
who have failed to return bad better pre
sent themselves at that time, otherwise
they will have to pay a double tax.
In oonneotion with the meeting of the
Commissioners on Monday, the Assessors
and List Takers of the several townships
met as follows: Charlotte, D G Maxwell;
Berryhill, L M McAllister; Steel Creek, S
W Keid; PioeviHe, J W Barnett; Provi
dence, W E Ardrey; Morning Star, J W
Hood; Clear Creek, C P Mango; Crab
Orohard, S II Farrow; Mallard Creek, R
L DeArmond; Deweese, J Lee Sloan;
Lemley's, J L Jetton; Long Creek, J W
Sample; Paw Creek, D A McCord; Hun-
tersville, R A Torrence.
' . Oo motion, L M McAllister was chosen
Seoretary of the Board. After organiza
tion, it was learned that a number of mem
bers of the Board had not made any in
vestigation ot the business before them,
and an adjournment was bad" until the
afternoon. The first township called was
Charlotte, and the Chairman stated that
owing to the large amount of work to be
done, and the time allowed, he was not
ready to report. He was given until next
Monday in which to make his report to
the Board. It was stated, however, that
the average valuation of land in Charlotte
township would be something less than
last year ($16 per acre), while the person
al property valuation will be about the
same. The average valuation of land in
Steel Creek is $7 per acre; Providence
was rated at $6.23 and raided by the
Board 10 per cent; while in Paw Creek
and Lemley's, the average valuation was
slightly reduced by the Board. In all
other townships the valuation was in
creased varyiug from five to fifteen per
cent., making the general average outside
Charlotte township about $7 per acre.
The assessment of personal property in the
oounty was left as returned by the list
The Cotton Crop Encouraging Report.
Memphis, July 4. The regular month
ly cotton orop of the Memphis district,
wbioh embraces western Tennessee, north
ern Mississippi, northern Arkansas and
northern Alabama, published today by
Hill, Fontaine & Co., says:
' "The weather during June has been fa
vorable to cotton. Rain, which was
needed in many localities, baa fallen in
copious showers throughout the district
within the past four days, which has been
of material benefit to both cotton and corn.
Our 312 correspondents, as a rule, Teport
good stands with the plant lorming and
blooming well. The condition of the crop
is not only more favorable than last year,
baton an average, fully two weeks earlier.
Th'u is a most promising outlook for cot
ton. Corn, however, io many sections
baa suffered from the drought, but the in-
deflations am that full o :n
mi up Will
be raised, more than will' be needed for
nse within the district and considerably
more than the crop of last year."
137" A straight line can be drawn
through seventy-five miles of the Indian
River, Florida, without touching shore.
It ia called the ttraighlest river in the
North Carolina Crops.
RaLbigh. Jul v 2. The Secretary of
the Department of Agriculture hat pre
oared the crop report tor J une, - do lar as
tabulated it shows unprecedented crop,
As Commissioner Robinson says, it is a
year of plenty. All the orops growing
finely. Rain is somewhat needed in the
Duplin section. Dr. Dabney, State Cbem
ist. made the remark that it no more rain
fell from this time until September 1st
there would be a larger crop of cotton
than last year.
Reports of damage by the chinch-bug
are mu numerous iu wis i
farmera are using the remedy
effect. This remedy, the kerose
sion, slays the bogs every time, and Col.
Robinson savs the farmers are using it
freelv. The department has issued two
special bulletins on this subject which is
attraction so much attention. The fact is
that the bulk of the corn crop was threat
ened with destruction, and some is even
now in danger.
Replies in regard to inquiries as to the
snDr.Iv of labor, show that it is rather
more abundant and efficient in the section
west of the Bine Ridge. Very few com
plaints come from the eastern counties,
but the bulk oomes from the Piedmont
section, or rather the belt from Johnston
county to Iredell, the cotton belt. But the
labor here will probably be sufficient to
handle even so great a crop.
A remarkable development of strawber
ry culture is reported to the Department.
The Messrs Westbrook . of Faison'a have
introduced -a berry, to which they have
given their name, and it proyes to be the
most popular ever sold JNorth. At smith
field, in Johnston county, the berry-growers
succeeded in selling berries from one
bed for six weeks continuously.
The Nation's Debt.
Statement showing the Condition of the
The following is a recapitulation of the
National debt on June 30, 1887
Interest bearing debt :
Bonds, m per cent, $250,000,000 00
4 per cent, 737,800,600 00
" 3 per cent, 19,716,500 00
Refunding certificates, 4 per cent, 175,250 00
Navy pension fund at 3 per cent, 14,000,000 00
Pacific railroad bonds, 6 per cent, ' 64,623,512 00
Principal, 1.086,315,862 00
interest. 12.351,603 00
Debt on which interest has ceased
since maturity of principal. 6,115,165 25
Interest, 190,753 87
Total, $6,305,919 13
Debt bearing uo interest :
Old demand and letral tender
notes. 34S.738.148 00
Certificates of deposit, 8,770.000 00
Gold certificates, 91,225,437 00
Silver certificates, 142.118.017 00
x raciionai currency, (,ies9 amount
estimated as lost or destroyed.! 6.946.964 00
Principal, 595,798,564 00
Total i ebt, principal, 1,638,229,591 00
Interest, 12,542,357 00
Total, $1,770,771,948 00
Total debt less casih items avail
able for its reduction. Sl.320.282.106 00
loiai casn in Treasury, 483,433,917 21
increase oi me ueDt aurinsr tne
month of June. 1887.
Since June 30, 1886,
Total receipts for June,
Total receipts for fiscal year end
ing June csu, 1887,
Made up as follows:
Uustoms, 217,403,983 00
Internal revenue. 119.186,447 00
Miscellaneous, 84,840,463 00
Napoleon after the Battle of Waterloo
From Scribner's Magazine.
Whether any course was open to Na-
poleon after the disaster of Waterloo, oth-
At than ( V a f mkk l - J a J 3 I
IU- " ; " 7r:"":7-v ?u?
?tTkI " r" !7. "ST UU
ft r fc""u.k7 preuaui.ouio oisso.ve
the chambers hnfnra aeinnn nnt u
A.; u ,kki ,j u 3
- w . w uuu wa L U I
- f a l piwwowiy uuuiu uavtJ I ailieu I
me nation and protracted the struggle.
But the chambers were unfriendlv: anv
parliamentary body is naturally unfriendlv
tn. o ; i : , a j ... . .
ore, nothing less than a
, - - , r: '. J
ism could possibly have
from the calamity of -the restoration of the
isourbons by loreign bayonets. Hence,
unless Napoleou should execute a new
coup d'etat, there was nothing for him but
On the 15th of July. 1815. NaDoleon
eurrenaerea mtasell oa board the British
- ' ' - .
Luau-ui-wr ueueropnoo. j ma appear
ance and bodily condition during the two
3ll 1 r .
months of his stay on this vessel, we have
an interesting account in the narrative of
Maitland describes him as "a remarkably
atronw wAM.hnilt.man .kA r
n innhe. hirh hi. iimi, 1..1. u
formed, with a fin anklA .n.1 vw mn
a w sr "w w i
font, of whioh ho ..m.j
he always wore, while on board the ship
. , .. v,va lawnci IS1U, HOI
silk stockings and shoes. His hands were
very small, aud had the plumpness of a
woman s rather than the robustness of a
man s. His eyes light gray, teeth good,
aud when. he smiled tbe expression of his
uounteoance was nigniv Dleasintr- whpn
under the influence of disappointment,
r m n
nowever, it assumed a dark gloomy cast.
tus nair was ot a very, dark brown, nearly
apinviH,uiuj( uiai;, auu mougn a utile
thin on tbe top and front had not a gray
hair among it. His complexion was a very
uncommon one, being of a lisht. sallow
color, differing from any other I ever met
with, rrom his havin? becomA nor mi
ent, he had lost much of bis personal activ
ity, and, if we are to give credit to those
who attended him, a very considerable
portiou of his mental energy was also
gone. It is certain bis habits were very
eiuarjiio wuue ne was OO 0
-i : i , . . . . -
rophan; for, though he wen
or 9 o clock in tbe even
rise until about tbe same bou
ing, he frequently fell asleep oo the sofa
.i - . . . .
iu ine caoin in tne course of.the dav. Ilia
general appearance was that of a man
rather older than be was.
Antiquity of thk Potato. The fact
that potatoes are indigenous in the Andes
naA. -vt W a U A a a
erally accepted as proof that the. wer
wWy,u nuiviivi usb ueen ren
ov,. .u eastern continent until I
alter Columbus disCOVernd AmtriVo
Enron from tl, nl. A: r.Y
uj uuuvuuiBuiT luiroaucea into i
n nn -n.i i .. . i.
r- j unuunieu uuubi- i
uDuv, uu wcro a long lime even i tr
, . , . . t. - I
Ihtl in niAlrirtff ll,A!.n.. i. . i I
ii u rTsT- "aj o popular iavor.
But the Chinese claim to have had pot a-
toes precisely like those now grown from
time immemorial. Jesuit missionaries
report the potato growing wild in the
it is quite probable that a plant so useful
to man was indigenous in both hemis
pheres, and used bv the neonl ol eh
perhaps centuries before either knew of
tbe existence of the other. In some parts
. ., . r - "
of China notatnea nn mnM aha. I
r r " ih
the main food of tbe poorer class of people. I
r in the morn I
Thk Atlantic & N. ( C Railroad.
The stockholders of the Atlantio & N. C.
Railroad have re-elected all of its present
ofiicers. This is right.? They have shown
themselves efficient in vvery way and
have made it a pleasure to ride over the
Road. The Road is beincf run on busi
ness nrinoiDles and is fast -becoming a
good property. Goldsboro Argus.
Chamber's; Coubt at Concord. An
important matter was beard and decided
by jQ(Jge Montgomery at Chambers last
, n,ent lrom county. 'Mr Adams Had
porchased a tract of land for $10,000 from
Mr Uolman, paid part and gave mortgage
'o the balance.' Mr Bolm.n al-
leging that default had been made in one
of the payments, bad advertised the lands
for sale. Mr Adams denies that there was
any default and obtained a restraining or-
der, and last night the restraining order
was continued. M. H. Justice, lisq. of
Rutherford appeared for Adams. J. A.
Forney, Esq. of the same place and Ralph
Carson of Spartanburg, appeared for Bol-1
man. The case was well piepared and!
argued by both sides. Ihe argument I
was closed at 12 o'clock. Concord Times,
The first case regarding the legali'
ty of the drummers' license tax will come
to the Supreme Court from Chowan coun
ty. A. W. Henderson of Baltimore is the
defendant. He was selling without a li
cense when Sheriff Warren arrested him.
The Tobacco Convention. Greens
boro, July 2. A primary convention of
the tobacconists of the Stale was held
here th'u morning to select a lime aud
place for holding a State Convention.
Raleigh, Durham, Henderson, Reidsville,
High Point aud Greensboro were repre
sented. Ihe place chosen wan Mo rt-head
City, and the time August 17th. The
primary to-day was well attended and an
interesting occasion is expected for the
There are a good many people
who have not listed tbeir taxes. It has
been the law that any one who failed to
list before tbe list takers, cuuld do so be-
tore ine Kegieier oi ueeao. ov uanii
tweuty-6ve centF; but the law has been
An Expert. Prof. G. F. Kunz, a dia
mond expert from New York, peut yec
terday in the city. The Professor has
been through portions oi our western sec
tion and has driven over two hundred
miles' with a horse and buggy through the
counties of Ashe, McDowell, Burke. Ire- I
(fell and Alleghany. He was greatly im
pressed with the indications through that
seclion aud has found evidence of erreat
weaim iu gem-Dearing stones, lie was
most favorably impressed with the pros
pects in the Bracket and linndletowu sec
tions and specially so with the J. A. D.
Stevenson collection which he inspected
at Statesville, and is loud in his praise of
the work accomplished by Mr Stevenson as
being of great benefit to the State. Ral
fcg? At the annual meeting of tbe
Statesville and Air Line Railroad Co.
the act amending its charter was accepted.
aud a lull Directory was elected. Subse
quently, Ur. J. J. Molt was eleoled
President, C. A. Carlton, Esq.. Secretary
and .treasurer, aud Col. W. A. Eliasou
53? Tomatoes by the thousands will
soon bo rotting on the vines all over this
country, and next Winter we will buy
canned tomatoes at the North. Hard
times, indeed! They ought to be hard
and stay hard; for like the proverbial fool
of old, we will learn wisdom in no other
BCbool. Goldsboro Arous.
OFFICE akd Officers Contikued.-
Ahe revenue stamp office here
wiu be continued by Collector Craige,
m. . . 3 . ... u,a,Sc'
I n n OTA rv n -k t"M n -t A l..l..aA. Z 1 I 1 1 1
. : . ,Jlu a" vvuarione wm oe aooi
Stamp Deputy Burde. of the of.
nee here, has received his bond and com'
mission from Collector Craiere. Denutv
vonecior rving oi this county, has
"1 . 1 1 . TT' r . . F
re-commiBBionea. it is a matter ot errant
.ati.niinn ii,. r .u: " I
w icvpioui iuih piace aoa
to the tax-payers of this section that in
the shaking up, the stamp office here does
not go by the board. Statesville Land
Of course Charlotte was ignored, even to the
extent of a little "stamp office." That is usual.
jrsr- ti,,. t ... , .
... , . . v
wm De snipped to Salisbury this week,
ca iuo iKiciiuBUiuce. UierKS anal .
u. &herrill will be MrCraige'a cashier,
. " .... "I
and Dr. Michal will be one of
. Tno rePort come8 t0 ua 'rom Ral-
eigh that they are havincr an enidemin nf
typhoid fever there, and this sonnr ;
- . a
8a to De attributable to the d ise b? nn
"" -v w ualr.i. ..M. .. . r I
oi ine oireeis in tne summer Limn fnr fh I
... . : ' I
PurP8d of laying the pipes of the water
works. We do not know how trneth m.
port is, but have it from what would seem I
to be good authority. Can it be that I
there are so many cases of tvnhnid fnvor I
there, and if there are, are they attribota- .m two thousand to three thousand "pub
ble to the cause given above, and if so Pic 8Cbools.
are there scientific reasons for it? anrlifan I
why did the Doctors Bit still and allow the
people's servants to dig op the streets
when science taught that it wa9 a danger-
uus uuuerianiag. uoiasooro Anus
- J . 1 ynr - a O
n a 1 '
iaisful Accident. On last Th..r..
day night about 9 o'clock, Mr Jack Link
er oi ix o. i towuship, left Concord for bis
home, having just come from Charlotte
with Kia parrM a .1 . T .
- " ,a uu icniu, jnai at LP r
passing Mr David Parish's. Mr I
horse became frightened and soon became
unmanageable. They ran some distance, j
oJ uuao.e io get
. " ' ' " - " wooas an Dlffht
aioue, aim ma not get medical aaa Htano.A
1 1 J .1 . a
till sometime the next day. Mr Linker is
a good citizen and a hard working man,
and he has the sympathy of the communi
ty in hi misfortune. Concord Times.
A wrpat mint mprtiV.Tni.: 71.. .lT :
LIIIAKettks i vtttxixt.-i n, i
use oi tobacco in its various forms is very
ininrinn. a ko.hl. .k:! .1 -. i
j v. nuiiu uii uiutrs eav it ai-
lecis ihA ri(niih nf mun
. . m. . "
cavciji. anu siiii an oiner o.laaa i m . ih.i
ll uaRlnt v honcfin . in m.t
. i . "
' J ...--ti vvy IUVD VUUOUlUKrB,
mi ,. . . v.
ine latest charge brought against the
weed is by an optician of New York He
says cigarette smoking is doing more in-
jury to the eves than anvthinc r
which the cigarette is rolled that is very
i ' m BVB-igui. !,. )i nere are
more men and boys wearing glasses now j
man a nave ever knows beiore, and I at
tribute it ali to excess id tobacco smok-
v - mwm iu ku
xt: . , . n
i8. aiuB oh. oi ten uermana wear spec
tacles. They are inveterate smokers
wucui.iicwaxoiisi.ruca: a tree, throwing tha nr,. k aa..a i i .u
Oara theliel e- M, T.Int u: uj tt . . "'"8 . - -uuru gcijr l(i'iu
tto bed at 8 TrolT' e State and in- m
inr. mnAAiA nnt u 7 , V- "u aiy creaaea ine difficulty of the public school w
. "ioiu. iii, liiuier was a reaav nn.. nmh Tk. i j
Public Edncatlon In North
f e Carolina. v t- ;-
By: Maj. S. if. Finger, Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction, in the Raleigh Chronicle.1 ; :
Our Constitution of 1770 contained the
following section': : ; ,
"That a school or schools shall be established
by the Legislature for the convenient instruction
of youth, with such salaries to the masters, paid
by the public, as may enable them to instruct at
low prices; and all useful learning shall be duly
encouraged and promoted iu one or more nniver-
sities." ' 1 - ' f ' 1 i
Io obedience to this Constitutional
privilege,' the University- of North - Caro -
lina was established by act of Assembly
in the year 1789. This institution was
opened for students in February, 1795.
Except during a few years just after the
I close of the late war, it has been since
lvao in successful operation; -and lrom it
I have gone forth, from time to time, men
I who nave adorned almost every station
within the gilt ot toe American people.
j Its influence has gone down among the
I people, and it has been a power in their
It now has ao endowment by the State,
and all the appointments of a University
I in fact, in which the youth of the Slate
ana oi oiner oiaies may oe instructed in
an tbe branches of useful learning, and it
is a worthy head to tbe common schools
l of the State.
In the year 1825, the General Assembly
set apart tor common schools a fund "con
sisting of the dividends ansiug from the
stocks then held r afterwards acauired
by tbe State, in. the Banks of Newbern
and Cape Fear, the dividends arising from
the stocks owned by the State in the Cane
rear Navigation Company, the Roanoke
Navigation Company, aud the Clubfoot
and Harlowe's Creek Canal Company, the
tax imposed by law on license to retailers
of spirituous liquors and auctioneers, the
unexpended balance of the agricultural
fund, all moneys paid to the State for en
tries of vacant lands, and all the vacint
and unappropriated swamp lands of the
State, together with such sums of money
as the Legislature may hereafter find it
convenient to appropriate from time to
time." From those sources it might seem
that a large fund would soon have been
accumulated, but' tbe generosity of the
State as shown bv Act of Assemble nt
Fayetteville, 1789, cut off what, under the I
above recited provision, would soon have I
yielded a magnihcent Bchool fund. I re-1
ter to the act ceding to the United States I
all her territory now included in tbegrn-at
stale ot lenuessee. I recite the uream-
ble giving the reasons for the cession of
this magnificent domain, and as indicative
of the character of our people at that early
'Whereas, The United States iu Coneresa As
sembled, nave repeatedly and earnestly recom-
menueu io me respective states, owning or
claiming western territory to make cession of
part of the same as a further means, as well of
hastening the extinguishment of the debts, as of
establishing the harmony of the United States;
ana ine mnaouanis oi tne said western territory
being also desirous that such cession should be
made in order to obtain a more ample protection
than they have heretofore received. Now, this
State being ever desirous of doing ample justice
i. 1 i -. 1 1 . . . . . .
i mo puuuc urcuitors, as wen as esiaoiisning
the harmony of the United States and comply
ing with the reasonable desires of her citizens.
lie it enacted. &c."
TL. . ' ' ' . .
me ncv goes on io recite the mauner
of making the deed, aud various condi
tions of the grant, among which is this:
"Provided always, that no regulations made
or to be made by Congress, shall tend to emanci
The deed was made in February. 1790.
for the reason stated irj tbe preamble above I
recitea, ana tne grant was accepted bv I
congress on tne day of April of that
year, lhas it was that North Carolina
patted with this valuable domain, because
Congress requested it to be done as a means
of paying the public debt, which bad been
incurred by the thirteen original States in
their com mon struggle for independence.
IM !. . . X r . i
iflun u wtjioai iNorin uarouna surren
dered what would have yielded her a masr
niliceut school fund, under such legislation
as i.uau oi iozo. aDove recitea. ibis ac
tion on the part of North Carolina was in
marked contrast with the action of Con
-i . - .r.. .
vuuuetucui, iDgieaa oi contriDuticg lier
public lands to the payment of the con
payment ot tbe com
mon debt ot the country,' held her "west-
ern reserve" lor her own uses and from it
laid the foundation Jf her school fund.
rrom the funds appropriated by the
Act of 1825, and from the distribution of
fnnila hv Pnnnmao in 1 ftlft XTsi.th :
r rJ - "
tin hd. nn In 1R1 a .nmn lata1 -V 1
i r - -v -" j Mwuu.u.cbv. tm nuuuui
wUwvVuatiiaVBJUlat0. uuo iuii-
lion lour hundred thousand of which came
from the Congressional distribution. The
fund yielded about one hundred and twen-
tv thousand dollars per annum a small
8ara w,th which to begin a system of gen-
eral education lor a State comprising 52.-
nn i m - .
square nines oi sparsely populated ter-
" - ory. i
: .-- - I
mi" ... , , .
auo puouc scnoois were, nowever. pro-1
vided lor in 1840, and was continued until
the c'8e of tne ate wart lne tota amount
exPeided annually being from two to three
hundred thousand dollars, in support of
JMotwilhstanding this was a. small
amount of money to be spread over such I
a la"ge territory, yet great good was ac-AI
complished, not aloue in the education of
the masses of the people in the rudiment-
ary orancnes oi Jioglish, but also in in-
I I f Tl a a a . I
lusiog among the people the spirit of edu-1
But the war of 1861 came, and the re- I
suits were the loss of almost the whole of
the school fund, and the destruction of al-
most every species of property except the
lands. Not only so. but its further re-
suits were the freedom and
nve - eighths and the negroes about three-
eishtha of th ahnU nnnnl.iiAn
ine problem then was, how the five-I
eighths, impovished as they were, owning
mt a a . " 1.1
an tne lands, but essentially nothing but
the lands, could educate themselvpa and I
VltlAQUBIJiU VI I
also the ibree-eighths of the paupers re-1 under special acts of assembly, have ex
cently made citizens. I do not think that cellent graded schools supported by vol
r p ..Pie e.Ter lnr08t P?
a more difficult orob em than tha
&oulh bad, for it applied to the whole
South, in the formation of safe political I
society out ot such material. UI course. I
- - m . . w" I
general education was seen to be a neces-1
ur people, recognizing the neces-1
siiy, wun tbat wooderiul adaptability I
wuicn ciiaractenzes tbem. did not told I
. . . . . . . . - I r
meir usdqi in tame nubmission to what I
seemea to many inevitable political. social
ana material destruction, but that they J r
It is true that many good people have
pp'eu me eroris to educate tbe masses
1.1 rr- . .
ol tbe people at publio expense, and that
many do yet object, for reasons which are
no doubt satisfactory to themselves. But
suit some progress baa been made.
Ibere will now be found in oar Consti-
tution the following provisions, adopted
since the war : . ; ' ' ' '
1 "The General Assembly' shall levy a capita
tion tax on every male inhabitant in the State,
over twenty-one and under fifty years of age,
which shall be equal on each to the tax on prop
erty value at three hundred dollars in cash."
! '"The proceeds of the State and county capita
tion tax shall be applied to the purposes of edu
cation and the support of the poor, but in no one
year shall more than twenty-five per cent, thereof
be applied to the latter purpose."
Each county in tha State shall be divided into
I convenient number of districts, iu which one
I or 'more. public schools shall be maintained, at
I least, four months in every year, and if the com-
I missioners of anv countv shall fail to comDlv
1 with aforesaid requirements of this section, they
eha11 liaD,e indictment."
"The proceeds of all lands t
that have been or
the United- States,
to this State, and not otherwise appropriated by
this State or by the United States; also all mon
eys, stocks, bonds and other property, now be
longing to any State fund for purposes of educa
tion; also the net proceeds of all sales of swamp
lands belonging to the State, and other grants.
gifts or devises that nave been or hereafter
be made to the State, and not otherwise appro -
priated by the State, or by the term of the grant,
ury; and together with so much of the ordinary
revenue of the State as niav be bv law set arjart
for that purpose, shall be faithfully appropriated
for establishing and maintaining in this State a
system of free, public schools, and for no other
uses or purposes.
It is also provided io tbe Constitution,
that the clear proceeds of all penalties and
forfitures, and oi all fines collected in the
several counties lor - any- breach of tbe
penal or military laws of the State shall
be appropriated in the respective couoties
tor maintaining free publio schools.
The above provisions of the Constitu
tiou are the basis upon which our present
Bchool system rests. So lar very little
money has been received from any source
except from ordinary taxation-of property
and poll. While the State Board of Edu
cation owus a large area of swamp lands
perhaps near a million acres alletijrts so
tar to make them available for school pur
poses have resulted in disappointment,
although before the war near two hundred
thousand dollars was spent in an attempt
to drain them. I do not think that any
considerable sum will ever be realized from
them, certainly not such sums as will be of
much importance in the eduoition ot our
It will therefore be seen that what has
been done since the war. and what may
hereafter be done for publio education, has
depended and must hereafter depend up-
on funds raised and to be raised by ordi-
nary taxation on property and polls.
Lat n Ht what ha hem don
1. A chair has recently been endowed at
the University for instruction in the Art
of Teaching, from Which good resitliB are
expected in the line of competent teachers
for tbe public schools.
2. We now have eight Normal schools
for the whites and five for the negroes.
lhose for the whites are rather in the na
ture of institutes, and are held annually
at convenient points io the State, for a
period of one month. Many of the ad
vanced teachers of the State have mani-
tested a laudable spirit in giving instruc
tions in these schools. The attendance is
large, of persons eager to be instructed in
the advanced methods of teaching and
1 . n
scnooi management. $4,ouu per annum
is appropriated lor these Normals for the
whiles. Ihe five colored Normals are reg
ularly in session eight or nine months per
annum. All nve are under tbe man
agement of Boards ol Directors composed
of white men, who employ the best col
ored instructors to be had, and otherwise
superintend the school. These schools an-
Dually supply a large number of teachers
Ior me colored people, and have an an-
nual appropriation of eight thousand dol
3. Our statutes provide ior county In
stitutes for both races,-and many of the
counties hold them for one or two weeks,
ana tuey are productive of much good.
The normal schools aud couuty Institutes
nave had a very bne tiled in elevating
the standard of common school leacher:
yet a great ueai remains to Do done in
4. acn county now has a separate
Board of Education and a Superintendent,
and these officer are charged with the
management of the funds and the schools
o. ineir respective counties, and are re
quired to equalize school iacilities, as far
as ma,y be practicable aud lust, to all the
cnuaren, without discrimination as to
5. All the counties have beeu divided
into districts, separate for the two races.
in each of Wbicb a school is annually pro-
viaea. inese districts are irregular in
size, out not many oi mem contain an
area of more than four miles square, and
mauy are much smaller, so that, except in
tbe very sparsely populated sections of
the State, there is annually a school in
esy 'each of every child.
n rin. i l a is
o- a ue vienerai Assemoiy now levies a
. f . 1 tK
ti oi vweivu uuu one-nan cenis on everv
lu" 1,1 property, ana at cents on each
rkinn .r w 1 .
pou ior acnoois; ana at least 7o per cent
oi an owier pun taxes, wneiner levied in
tbe Revenue Law or by tbe county com
missioners, must be appropriated for
scnooic. au tnese mo tie vs. ao annro-
priated, are collected by the Sheriffs of
the respective counties, and bv them
turned over to the couuty school officers,
e fund accumulated in each county is
"Ot nmcient to maintain schools forL.Dt,
period ol four months, tbe statute requires OA FJR & YADK-IN VALLEY ROAD,
a 1 a
tu.e county commissioners, in accordance
wllb the provision of the Constitution
above cited, to lew a special Ur tor tht
purpose. Our Supreme Court has recently
decided in the case of Birksdale vs. Corn-
missioners of Sampson county, that this
requirement is constitutional only withiu
the limits of 66i cents on nronertv .,.!
$2 on the poll, but that special taxes tor
special purposes under special acts of As
mbly are not to be included. Last vear
e whole amount raised for public schools
. The Bystem is executed by a State
Sanerinindm,t nl Pnhlir. Tn.t.n..; a
the state Board of Jbdocalion composed
of the Governor and all the other State
8. Man v of our cities and lim.r inan
untary taxation, but tbe people groan nn-
vr. tun wuiuru wi laxauon wnicn is, in
many case-, said to be loo grievous to be
mt a a .
Anus it will be seen that the Slate baa
a uniform and well appointed system, but I
,H ur conaition oi poverty, it could but
expected that tbe support of ihe school.
ior even lour months would h h..r,l..
, . .... -
me wneii an the lunds must h r;-t
oy direct taxation. Then, ton th ..u
must necessarily be small, and inade
3!!?- ure such talent a. is desirable,
and induce teachers to
prolession: Right here is tbe weak point
in our public school matters tbe want of
Tbe State has done well in the ri.l
rt tin v. i : .. .. I. . t , , ...
wi uci yuyiiBiuuuuii, ana soe win con
tinue to straggle on oarrymgsher burden,
earnestly looking forward to the ; time
1 - 1 r r . I TT-!. 1 o . .
mT .V f n , u a
will open the doors of the Treasury aud
extend aid. North Carolina and other
Southern States gave to the United Stales
vast domains which were used to pay a
common debt, a debt of the original thir
teen States, and in the course of events it
turns out that the United States trees the
slaves ot the South and makes them -citi
zens and voters, while in a condition ot
extreme ignorance. 1 wenly-two years
have elapsed since the close of the war;
almost another generation baa been rau-ed
np since the South laid down her arms; it
is too iate to look back now and engage in
crimination and recrimination; it is surely
time for the United States to leod a help
ing band to the South in carrying her bur
Perhaps this U not the proper time to
discus the piinciples which underlay the
recent conflict ot arms. Secession and
coercion should now be referred to only
, bo far as it may be
j gauJ s as to the
necessary to Uo oo to
dnty of the present,
UtorJ w11 ntnally be written
i will enable posterity to make up lis ver-
I diet upon the Great Constitutional ques
Hon involved in this greatest of all con
flicts iu all tbe history of the world. Al
most all sincere, intelligent men, the
world over, who have investigated the
question, admit that as long as the fraihers
ot the Constitution of 1787 lived, tbe right
of a State to withdraw lrom tbe Union
was a prominent feature in our politics.
To say tbe least of it, it was a question
about which great and good men could
and did diner; and saying this about se
cession it only tantamount to nayiug that
great and goo 1 men could aud did differ
about the rigl.: of coercion uuder our Con
As great, good, and gallant men have
settled these principles by tha arbitrament
of the sword, where is the room for a con
linoanc of sectional hostility ? If the re
suit of the conflict was, as claimed by the
T t .t r.
ixorio, ine ridding oi tne country ot a
great National Sin iu the emancipation ol
the negroes, why is not the whole country
respoosiDie lor their education and pre
paration for citizenship? Why, in the
light ui history, cafet this whole burden up
on the south? Why in the light ol right
aud justicH should the Congress ot the
United Stales have delayed so long?
How long will they still refuse to help?
surely ine government toil could find
warrant in the Constitution to free the ne
groes and make them citizens can aUo fiud
aulhoiity to distnbute from its oveiflow
ing treasury funds to tducale them tor
the proper discharge of the duties of free
men and citizens.
Many Stales of this Union have, by act
of Congress magnificent endowments tor
their public schools. I ctnnot stop to enu
merate them, surely such slates should
not stand iu the way of legislation, at least
for temporary aid to the South in this her
emergency, surely the people of the
Northern section of country ought not
only lobe wiilinsr to erant this aid. but
o a - - j
they ought to free it from all hampering
restrictions aud let the south manage it
without the least Federal interferences.
S. M. FINGER
About 60,000.000 of silver dollars
are in circulation and 142.000,000 in il
ver cerlihcales, making $202,000,000
which have beeu added to the currency
by the coinage of silver. Had it not been
for silver coinage what wonld the country
nave done for currency.
Of Trains at
RICHMOND & DANVILLE AND ATLANTA
& CHARLOTTE AIR LINE
No. 50 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
2:15 a. m Leaves for Atlanta at 2:25 a m
01 Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at 5.05 a.
m. Leaves for Richmond at 5.15 a. in.
No. 52 Arrives at Charlotte from Richmond at
12:35 p. m. Leaves for Atlanta at 1:00 p. m.
do. oj Arrives at Charlotte from Atlanta at
6:25 p. m. Leaves for Richmond at 6:45 p. m.
CHARLOTTE. COLUMBIA & AUGUSTA.
Arrives from Columbia at 6:10 p. m.
Leaves for Columbia at 1:00 p. m.
A., T. & O. Division.
Arrives from Statesville at 10:45 a. m.
Leaves for Statesvile at 6:35 p. m.
Leaves Wilmington at 7:23 a m; arrives at Char
lotte at 4:o p. m.
Leaves Charlotte at 8:45 p m-y arrives at Wilming
ion at s:uu a. ni.
Shelby Division oj Carolina Central.
Leaves Charlotte for Rutherfordton at 4:3-2 n. m.
Arrives a i nmuerioruion ai U.1U p. in.
Leave Rutherfordton at 7.15 a m.
Arrive at Charlotte at 11.50 a. m.
RALEIGH & AUGUSTA AIR LINE R. II.
Passenger Train Leaves Uamlet 2:45 a m, arrives
at Raleigh 9:00 am.
Leaves Raleigh at 7:00 p m, arrives at Hamlet
i:ao a m.
WKSTJtliM N. C. RAILROAD SCHEDULE.
Passenger train leaves Salisbury 11.30 A. M., ar
rives at Asneviue ai a 4S . M., and at Paint
kock at 8.3U p. m.
iieaves aint liock at 0.55 a. m.. and ABhevili.
ai i.iu p. m, ana arrives at Salisbury at 7.30
IF at t A
Lieaves ureensooro :ou a. m.
LeaveaFayettesville 3.30 p.m; arrive at Bennetts-
vuie, o. u., o:4o, p. m.
weaves Uennettsville. S. C, 10:10 a. m : Leaves
irayetteviue 2.00 p. m., arrive at Greens-
ooro r.io p. m.
uas inducements to effer. which r.n not
equalled by the best Dry Goods Houses in the
Added greatly to his already lare stock, and on
bis recent trio to New York hnntrhi
plus Mocks or Importers and Manufiicturerii
XirYt onn Kl.n I.Sm A ..t 1 . - .
v uivu CUOU1CO UIUI IU BCll II1HT1 V mrUlT BASQAn ,hla
n i J
Ridiculously Low Prices.
Biucc i nave taken ho d of th T?Pfii tt...
lonneny unaer me name of Wittkowky &
at. v , UUUSV
uarucn, ana wiinarawn from the Wholesale
uusioess. i aevote mv entire tim ni aitninn
io me Keiau only, ana being a Vnnh Buyer of
... a ' WltVUHVIl
.uw.uugu cAucneuce, x can, ana will, always
ftff in.1iiAi.manl. J
vuva iu u ui lucii 1-9
Which will be Appreciated
By all who look at my Goods and get my Quo-
See My Dally Displays!
SEE MY DAILY BARGAINS I -
See whether I don't lead in Low Prices.
See my Stock and you will
See the lurcrpct in IK. Si. to
See my prices throughout mv Store. an .m
Is the Regulator of Low Prices
t&" I solicit Mail Orders and riv. m,.
June 3, 1887. Charlotte, N. C
I Comparative Cotton Statement
The following is the comparative cot,,
I . . , s. uFrauve cotton
,w'emenl ,or ending Jly llt
Net receipts at all U. 8. ports. 8.597
! Total receipts to date, 5,215,123
.Exports lor tbe week. 13.51a
Total exports to date, 4 241,993
Stock at all U. 8. ports, 273,567
Stock at all interior towns, 12,403
BtocK in Liverpool, 807.000
Stock of American afloat for
Total Receipts at all American
since Sept 1st, 1886.
The following are the total net receipt.
of ootton at all United States
sinoe September 1st, 1886: Galveston
706,535, New Orleans 1,709,994, Mobile
213,390, Savannah 749,504, Charleston
396,672, Wilmington 134,655, Norfolk
534,250, Baltimore 96,100, New York
86,991, Boston 105,271, Newport News
I04,4o7, Philadelphia 57,118, West Point
207,411, Brunswick 26,977, Port Roval
17,910, Pensacola 12,872. Total 5,215,123.
Total Visible Supply of Cotton.
Nw York, July 2. The total viaibla
supply of cotton for tbe world .is 1,808
325 bales, of which 1,138,525 are Ameri
can, againat 1,853,603 and 1,308,103 re
spectively last year; receipts at all interior
towns, 2,035; receipts from plantations
n iHo :. :ut a otn rtn '
PHABE & LONG,
(Successors to K Z. Zatta & ro.t)
Having succeeded the well known firm of
D. LATTA & BRO.. it is our desire to receive'
and will be our utmost effort to deserve, that
whicu 8 steadfastly attended the retiring
cern, and has made them prominent throughout
the two Carolines.
New Clothing for 1887.
We shall give very close attention to our bnl.
ness and shall have a special care to the interests
of our patrons, and as we begin our new life
having no accounts and naught against anyone'
bearing -good will toward all men," and a very
special liking for ladies, who have the responsi
ble charge of providing well for the comfort of
the "rising generation, we shall hone bv conr.
teous dealing, the sellioir of reliable Goods onlv
and the One Price system, to succeed.
Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
Our expenses will be light, relativelv reduced.
as we shall serve in active capacity ourselves, and
as we have purchased our Stock very advan
tageously, and much under value.
We will offer inducements heretofore unknown
to the trade.
The first call from our friends will be mnch
appreciated, and will give us an encouragement
wnicu we wuiendeavcr to substantially manifest.
PHARR & LONG.
Jan. 7. 1887.
Every Lady purchasing Goods in the above
line will do well to investigate our Stock and
Prices. This department of our business receives
special attention tnd embraces all the most
desirable materials to be found in a' first-claaa
Mourning Goods department. ;
Lusterless Silks from $1 to $2.
Cashmeres in everv erade from 25 centa tn
Our 75c. Cashmere is extra valne at the nrirp
Be sure to see it.
Fullline of Henriettas from $1 to $2.
Tricots. Sebastopoola. DraD' Almas, in All. Wool
and Silk Warps. Black Satteens and Black
Full stock of Trimmiti? and Veiltnir fWnpa
Nuns Veiling, Crimp Trimmings, Buttons, etc.
BET Mail Orders solicited and promptly filled
L SEIOLE & CO.
11 West Trade St.
May 27. 1887.
We are headquarters for these Goods. Have
fust opened up the finest and most complete line
oi oporung uoous ever orougnt to litis market.
Double and Single Breech Loading tihot Guns.
all grades. London Pine Twist Muzzle Load
ing Guns. Breech Loading Rifles, all grades.
Paper and Brass Shells. Breech Loadimr Imple
ments, Shot Pouches and Belts, Powder Flasks,
We guarantee our retail prices on these Goods
against New York or Baltimore. Call and be
HAMMOND A JUSTICE.
Rubber and Leather Belting.
Just received, a large lot of Rubber Beltine of
all sizes. We warrant every foot we sell and
guarantee our prices against any house south of
HAMMOND & JUSTICE.
Oct. 29. 1886.
We are dealing largelv in Flour of all trades.
buying it direct from the Milla bv the Car Load.
and can always give you lowest market prices.
If you want a number one eooA Flour, trv oar
"Honest" brand. It is alwava reliable everv
SPRINGS & BURWELL.
Sept. 24. 1886.
THE BEST STOCK
Heavy and Fancy Groceries,
Fruits, Canned Goods, etc., can be found at
A. R. & W. B. N1SBET
BURWELL & DUNN
At Lowest Market Prices.
Lewis' Pure White Lead.
Boiled and Raw Linseed Oil.
The Best Readv-Mixed Paint, all Colors and
all size cans.
You can paint your, buemr for one dollar, in
the best ttyle. with rarriaee Black (and other
colors ) Tbe best is sold by
BURWELL & DUNN.
Of Patent Medicines, we have all kinds by
the bottle, dozen and gross at prices always tbe
BURWELL A DUNN.
Dr. King's Blood and Liver Pills. Dr. King's
Cough 8yrup. Dr. King's Sarsaparilla and
Queen's Delight Dr. Kinir'a Vermituee. Sold
BURWELL & DUSW.
If you will rive your horses, cows, hoes and
poultry the Celebrated Kentucky Condition Pow
ders, you will have no trouble. 25 cents per
package. For sale by
BURWELL & DUNN,
Wholesale and ReUil Drusreists,
June 10. 1887. . T r. Opposite Central Hotel.
Toannnlv a need lonr felt bv the Medical
Profession of this section, we have now and will
keep constantly in stock, a full line of SURGI
CAL INSTRUMENTS, which we warrant.
We are also Dreoared to irive anv and all dis
counts in any of the New York Instrument Cata
logues. Give ns a call. "
K. a. jukdaw a
Nov. 18, 1885. Druggists, Springs' Corner.
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