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mq wwut w EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. ' perpetual tojilawfis tijc Price cf Cibcrtn," for "power ij nlwans Stealing from tlje fllany to t!je few.' VOLUME XX. PUBLISHED WEEKLY, AT 93 PER AJTSUX IS ADVANCE. CHARLOTTE. IV. C. FEBRUARY 22, 1850. i NUMBER 13. 1 t M m CailIorniaiilKiTCrniucni,A:c. petrt probable ibat similar excitement will 111794 IPC prevsu io an undue extent. Frtm Ik Prttiint lit Unittd Stain tt tht will in i ho cud certainly be fell ltd by Ibe ii lent effect of causes iode; endent of .ho action of Congres, egnin submit lo jour wisdom Jfa.M tf Seprntatrntitt. Waiiiton, Ja-i. 21, 1650. Tt tkt Ktui Rrprtnntaticti f e I. (.rt . J Ui.der these circumstances, I thought, ind ' .'! .1 .1 . . a . ... mi miPK, mat 11 u my duly lo endeavor lo ilia policy recommended in my Annual Mrs- put ilia lb. power of Congress, by ihe ad- sage, of awaiting ilia ta'uiary operation of mission of California and New Meiico at ihote causes believing that we shall thus avoid ihecreadon cfgrosrsphical pat lira, add secure trenifflil lo Ibe House of Representatives, Statet, lo remote a 'I occasion for ll.e unne io eetwrr te reeolulioa of Ibat bady, paaaed . cessary agitation of (be public niind. on ihe 81st of December laat, ibe accompa. nyiog reporif of lleadt of D partaientt, hicb contain all ibe oflbtal information to ibe pot Mtaion of the Executive a'aked fui by Ibe ret- olution. Oa coming ioto office I found ih. Military commandant of ibe department of California exercising the functions of Cm! Gotcror of lhal Territory, and, left ae I waa la eel under Ibe treaty ef Guadalupe II dilgo, without ibe ilia harmony of feeling to necessary lo tho beneficial action of our political system. Con nected, at the Union n, with ibe remembrance of past happiness, the aene of present bless ings, and th. hope of future peace and proa pr rity, every dictate of wi,dom, every feel- aid of any legislative proriaion ettakiiebing a G-iveroraeat io lhal Territory, I thought it bal oot lo diaturb Ibal arrangement, made under ty predeceeaor, until Congrats ahould lake tome action on thai tu' jicl. I therefore d d ool interfere with Ibe puwere ef the mili tary commandant, wbo continued lo eierciae Ibe fuaetiont ef civ-l governor at Ufoie, but I made no auch appointmeol, cooferred no aucb authority, anJ have allowed no increat- ed compeotauoa I the commandant. for hie; uninhabited, eicrpt atrticra. IV itb a vie lo the faithful execution uf the Treaty, to far ae lay in the power of ibe Et eeulive, and lo enable Congrret to act at ibe preeeol eeaeios with at full knowk de aud aa little d.fficwliy at poaeible oo all matters of iu tercet in tbete Terntoriet, I aeot the Hon. Tboniae Duller Ring aa bearer of despttchrt lo Calif irnia and New Mexico, oboae du'.iea are particularly d-fi .ed in ibe accompanying lettera of instruction, rdJrraaed lo Mm at, erally by Ibe proper Ucparunenia. It iajunderstor d lhal the people of the wet. lorn part tf California have formed a plun of a State Constitution, and will toon submit the tame to the judgm.ui of Congress, ai.d apply for ad nisiion aa a Stale. 'I'liii couise on ibeir part, though in accordance mi h, waa not adopted exclusively in consequence of any ciprestion of my wiehea, inasmuch at mea sures lending to thit end had been promoted by the officers sent Jhere ly my predecessor, j it or i npair it ttrength, the chief element of! t and ware already in active progteatof riecu- lion before any communication from :ne reach ed California. If Ihn pripoied Cuoatituiiori A Aire Plot. V c fi d the following annnuncen.enl in the W.abingttn Corretpoidence of the N. York Courier and Enquirer, which ia well calcula led lo arieai the attention of the count!) : M M'AHnscTorr, Jan. 81, 1850. " 1 he confidence which I lecently expreet ed. 1hat the VViltlot Pronto cou'd not pa Ihe Senate, tf atttched to a Tor nl..,.,.l It, II by Ihejllouae of Repreaen'ativet, hat been tenoualy impaired by ihe discovery of a pur pot o ihe van of Southern Senatora lo brin tboui na paaiai-e bv abacntinir ihpm. K i ill 'fl .tAr Iia .T .... 1 1.. .1 . . . i ing of duty, and every emotion of p.-riotiam, ! , 1 7 ahowo in pievioua lettere, what Northern men tei.d to inspire fi IbIi'j- and devotion lo it, and admonish ua cau'iuualy to avoid any unnrces are prepared lo npuoVe Ihe Protiao and there. r . t. .. ..... aary controveray wl.icb csn li htr rudang;r ' l one half their number s . .. .. . . . .. from Ihe South wcu'd reduce the nieai inn m t'lall, .hen suh.nitttd to Cnnrest, Le found lo be in conip'iance with the irqntitiuna of the Coualituiion of the L' Smtea, 1 earnra'.l; recomiiiend thai il may receive the sanction of Congress. The pari of California not included in the propr ard State of ih.i! name, ia believed to be in a tetilemenl of our country n.eo in ihe vicinity of Sail Lake. A clai u bat been advanced by ihe S at of Texat lo a very large portion of the moat po puloua d.etricl of the Territory coniiuonly do eignaled ly the na i e of New Mexico. If the peop'e of New Meiico bid formed a plan of a Slate Government for that Territory, aa ce ded by lh tret'y of Guadalupe llida'gn, and had hern idmiitvd by Cinrets aa a Slate, our Contti'ution would have eflj drd the bicb is to be found in tho regard aud afftc- lion of the people fur each other. Z TAYLOR. i lie, thua cailinir ihe reanonaibilnv nn Mr Fillmore, while lhal of aoother would enable il to asa by a majority. Thia announcement will of course he denird by the Union, which ehttraetly would furnish Ihe beat proof; but 1 have the moat undoubted authori'y fur aiy mg that such a prr.j-ct it enter lamd, and tint il forma a pari of ihe policy of thoai who hav rr.nitilu ed themaelvt-a the fuluwing copy of a Report, mide to the Senate i 1' leadera of the Soul In-m movement The State of Ohio and I lie I'lliOH. We are indebted io a friend in Ohio for the be aame ti.no lhal it declare, it ground for telfgovernmenl. Let our first and only du J.asolving the Union ? ,y be lo form a new Conatituiion for the Uni- U'e cn hardly think that there a'e detna-, ted Statea of North America, and which, tfogue. in the Senate, from ihe S.-ub, bold 'while it will leave Ihe door open for all, will enoogh lo carry out (hit mancruvre. They afford equal juaiica and protection to all', and ill be watched, howevor, cloaely by ibe whole ; prompt and eflicienl remedies for ita infr-r. South. Lei them, for Ibe vake of adminia. , tiont. If thia be done, I ,i,,k 1 hazaid no--er.ng "bitter pill." to Gen. Taylor, put Hi. thing in predicting that the nonal.veholdir.g ... ,,.,.,,u ieiine o.uinem I'enpie ( Statet will promptly enter into the new con know of il. The fate of Decedict Arnold ( federation." Now if .hie does not imply, nay waa enviable, compared witb that il.elrt will if it bo not the avowal of a determina'ion lo U.-liimcnd Uhiff. - ,. . jmssOLVE THE VISION, ir iliaa..Utiorr From the Wilmington Chronirh. n d 8rM,,y mis,,ke pb-ii ll,e iwPori o( e,y I'1"'" Ie'Suce- Are our iu Iiainiiu people, the people of North Caro iu DhdUii powpic, mo p..-.iiiB oi .onn Carolina, pre. In compliance with the request made, we P,red 10 rosoM 10 drt remedy ? We of lhal S ate by no of its Coiiiinitti ei, Uon a ul jcl .h.cli ia, we trutt, of ihe greeted in tercti lo every reader of ourt. i 1 3i St s ate of Ohio, Ferhcary 3 1917. Mr. Goddiird, froiii the Select Coiuai'.ttee, made tho following Report ; The Select Cummi'lee, to which wat refer red the n enorial of certain inhnbi'antt of the I he olij ct of this tcheme ia too atmnrenl to be mistaken. Ii it conceived with the d-'tign of forcing the proviao upon Gen. Taylor, and compelling him to aign or veto the bill, hop. mi, in eiiher event, to break don the Ad miiiietraiion, and to profit by hit ruin. Such a d eclonure ia well calculated to excite imlig nation with the coun-ry, exposing aa.it doea ihe part zin motnea by which demngouea nave nero actuated, end the utter intincerity I did not beaiiate lo eptaa lo ihe peop'e , ciinn. At preterit, however, no jidicial tri ' 1 I IV to the D at er of iIih r,i.Minni.r. I l, judicial de- ij,jStion ia lrhitnioi,a and di.lcynl. It it not .. r . . J countic. of Columbiana end Mahoning, pray-' ' pr,u'Jf" ,0 re,,d ,0 ,n8 ebalracl to declare the ttderal Union dittohed, now , cable and acceptable baaiaof at j iatineni, Mr. report : j Fooie and those who act under hit leadership It did not need the invtructiont of the Sen-' be"1' lht tecoirised oracle of tecional ate to induce the rninmittee lo repiri adverto-! ul"BI,m' ''riving to prevent .otilen eni ; give publicity to the proceedings of the South ern Righla meeting in Duplin county. We recognise among ihoae who took part in aaid proceeding, and who are mentioned in con nection therewith, the nainca of many gen tlemen with whom it lias long been our piide and pleasure to think and act in political mat ters, and with whom we hope to think and act for a long time yet to come ; atill a sense of dci'y imf.ela to declare, 'li it we cannot go with them for Ihe proposed Sou hern Coiiven. do not believe they are. Mr. Clitizmaii'ji Speech. We present, to day, a portion of thit apeech which will command very general attention, aa difming clearly the extreme Southern ground. The view which Mr. C. presenle of Ihe merit of the controversy, it, lo our mwdi, en'ircly irrefutable, at our Northern friends would very anon dincover were il pro posed by a Southern iru j irity to prohibit any man from enleriny the new Terntoriet for Ihe pur poee of re-itlm,', who did not carry siavet Willi nun. II Uu ... I .. - -' viiglPt UI'UCI I II C till ..on. xt.re Yri.ooernaueacqijair.icawiin .litulinn, have the absolute power over the the epecific object of that Convention. We J subjects, we ace not why it may not past such are yet to be informed of any probable good lion of boundary in Texat by ef these Trrritoriee oiy desire thai etch Ter ritory should, if prepared Iu comply with tb requisition! of ibe constitution of the Coiled Statet, feitn plan of Sive Convolution, i aad euBiail Ibe iiw rtr vwigrwawriw prefer for admission into the Union at a flair; but I did not anticipate, tuggrtt, or authors' ibe ft ab'thto-ot of any auch Guv bunal hat the power of deciding that question, and il remains for Corgrcre to devise tome mode for its ecjulnent. Meanwhile, I sub mit to Congreaa the q'lcttion, hether it would fiiMi ia ij mi ii b!ili a Territorial Government, a Inch, by in. eluding Ihe district to claimed, wou'd practi catty decide the question advrrtc'y to the arnmeol without the aaaenl of Congieet, nor State of Texat, or, by excluding it, wi u'd de d.d I autboriiftaoy Government ageet orofli ! cide it in her favor, la my opinion, auch a eer Iu interfere with orexerc.se any ii fl jencej course would not be expedient, especially aa er control over ibe election of Ddlegatet, or J people of tint Territory, ttill erj .y the Le ever any Cotittion, i making or modifying ! n'fit and protee'ion of ih-ir municipal laws, a ihinj to be t n'ertained or reasoned uiion.' Tho perpetuiiy of the Union ahould be assum ed rrgaidid at a fiaed fact, not to Le de- bated or questioned. Attachment lo the Uni- and tbta plot it a part of the system of tuc tics lneh they have adopted, after the fail ure of iheir own pn i-cte to promote the nua anee of thil very real fiction which they have declared woud be a sufficient cause for disao lution. Thit fact ion ia as much interested in the adoption of the Proviso at any fanatic who on aliould be a leeling a nen'iiiieut in every ; , r """u "y isnanc wno Au.erxun breaat. Ii ahould be int incuve ;t,,,,pC, 10 'ho oilier extremes for thej be. Iheir domettic inttitutiont, or any of Ibe pro- visinotof Iheir proposed eonvtiiu'ion. O.i the eantraiy, the lnttruciont given by my erdert were that all meaturet of domestic policy a doptrd by ihe people of California, e uit ori gioete aolely with themeelvre ; Ibtl while the Etecutiv of ibe United S atee waa detirout lo protect them ia the furmatioo of any Go eroeaant, republican in itt character, to be at eent herselr Tor incorporation in o Ihe t nion, ihe proper time submitted lo Congrent, yet il arnet a condition to her adniietion at a State at lo be distinctly uudereiood lhal the plan affecting her damettic ina'.iiutiont contrary lo .r sucb a Government mutt at the same lime 'he wiaties of her people, and even compel her be the retutl of thvir own deliberate choice,' temporarily lo comply with it, jel the S.ate The American ah..u!d imbibe it i h lua IIIU oiy hope or iulure ex the., mi k It thou'd m ..) h.. ,-.hi'"'n'n'' Wn hich their political exutence and aticnghro with hi. a length be the con-1 .r le"d' A bae cvusptracy than that now fiJence of hitjouth, the prida of hi. manhood, de,,elofed. oevee waa forued, and itt autho.e nnd the toljee of hit old oe. Next to the dr'7e e-ceiion of their constituente dutiet which oo American owes to hit G. d. , """he C0U"tr " are the r.'u'ra he owes lo hia country. Thaj We have repeatedly chargrd that Suuih fuat of Iheae ,., P,.,e,ve ,h0 Uuioi, ; the ae j ela Locofncoiia. wat leagued with Northern cord Preserve the Loiod; the third. Pieterve r . i . , the I! tin n. i ",ee-,0,ll,n " tcheme lo prevent the ad- The value of ihe Union cannot bo calcu- j "','n' of ihe Wilmot Proviso difficulty, and lated ; if it could, Oliio cou'd ehuw bow vastly jthe facts of the case, thus far, have borne us important ; that Luion ia to her. Centrally jou,. We never fur a moment, however, tua silusted, her Citssnt tending the products of .,.j - , . their mdu.try at one te.aon thrruj. the arti. jp,C"d lb" ,he Vlta of d-"g6'"n. ficul channel of the Nirth, and at another n'd ertied "y poition of ihe Southern Sen by the gr-at river t f ihe S mih. fi-dmg acceis atorial representation to tuch lengths aa thit, to the ocean at pmnta i!,0UO ., .ilea apart, hat 1 aDd , would gUd y believe that the Corres' portion uf ihe Union could Ohio tparet I . , , . W her. would .he draw the dividing line T P '' of,he Cn"" m.raken. That Shou'dCongrett, when California thai! pre- Shall the beautiful river which foru.t her Muih- ""1 ''""" nd Democrat" William J. ern uouuoary.non leeii.ing itn peacelut com- nrowe, aectatea openly that be wou'd be merce. free a. the air we breathe, aud w,l-1 peed ,0 lee ln8 W,,ot Provito passed, in iio'iiix uu iiuaiiuiirs uui uio uriivrous corn. i. , .L , . ... pe;,uun of en.e,p.,.,g people,. hall ibat be," 'h8' ,he ,,,erni"e "' b presented originally derived from Mexico, and have a military force stationed ihere la protect them egainel the Indians. It is undoubtedly true ibat the properly, live, liberties, and religion nr the people of New Mexico, are better pro tected than ibey evtr were befure the treaty of cettioo. and origina'e wnh thtmaelvet, without the in terference of the Executive. I am unable to give any informa'ion at lo lawi paaaed by any tupposed Government in California, or of any cenaut taken in either of the lerriionei mentioned in the retolu'i'io, at I hive no information on lho. aul j'Cia. At already atated, I have not dieiurbed the arrangement, which I found bad existed un der any predecessor. In advising an early application by the peo ple of then Terntoriet for admieeion at Statet, I waa aetua'ed principally by an earneat de. could change her eonetitution at any lime, af ter ad mtaion, when lo her il ahould seem ex pedn nt. Any attempt to deny lo the people i.f Ibe Stat. Ihe right of sclf-governmen', in a matter which peculiarly alfccla themselves, will infallibly be regarded by them at an inva tion of Ihtir rich's ind, upon the principles laid down in our own Declaration of ltidepeu denee, they will certainly L. auetained by the great mass of the.Amaricsn people. To at tert that they ae a conquered people, end mutt aa a Statu mount to the will of their conquerors, in thit regard, will meet with no aire to effjid to the wisdom and patriotism of, cordial response tmong American freemen. Coogrett ike opportunity of avoiding occa aiona of bii'er and angry dute ntioot among Ihe people of ibe Untied Statt e. Under the Cooatitution every State bat the right of etlablithing, and from lime altering ila municipal lava and domett ic inttitutiont, independently of every other State and of ihe General Government, tul jecl only to the pro bibiti.nt and guarantiee expressly tet forth in the Cootiilolion of the United Statet. The tuhj-ctt thut left exclusively lo the respective 8tattt, we,e ool deeigned or expected to be came tepict of national agitation. Still, at, under lha Constitution, Congrett baa power to eiake all needful ruh-a -end regulation! rat peeling the Territoriet of the United Statet, every new acquisition of Territory hat led to ditcuasioot on the quetiioo whether tho ayt- tern ef involuntary servitude, which prevaile in many of lha Statea, ahould or ahould not ne prohibited in that Territory. The perioda of excitement from thia cause which have heretofore occurred have been aafely prated, but during the interval, of whatever length, Which, may ettpte before the aduiasiun of Tetfitoriti ceded by Meitce if Siatai, it ep Great numbers of ihem are native Ciliitnt of the U. S ates, not inferior lo the rest of our countrymen in intelligence and patriotism; and no language of menace to restrain them io Ihe exercise of an undoubted right, sub stanlially gumaotied lo litem by the treaty of cestton ittelf, thall ever be uttered by me, or encouraged and sustained by persons acting under my authority. It it tu bt expected that, in the retidue of the territory ceded to ut by Mexico, the people rctid ng there will, at the lime of ibeir incorporation into the Union at a Stale, tattle all questions of domestic policy to suit themselves. No material inconvenience will result from tbe want, for a thort period, of a Government established by Congrest over that part of the Territory which lies eaatward of the new Slate of California ; and the reatona for my opinioo that New Mexico will, at no very dit Itnl period, ask for admitsion into tho Uainn, are founded on unofficial information, which I suppose ia common to all who have caied to make inqmriee on that tubject. Seeing, then, that ihe que t lion which now eiciiet such painful teoealiooi in Ihe country, ho boundary line between independent and : 10 cn- Tey'or of aigning or rejecting it. unconnected S atett Then mny we expect Fiom the report cf the Courier'., correspon to ae. arrayed upon the oppo.i.e bunka the dent, there are more than he who nut only hostile armiea of the divided nations. linat-! ,i . . ling cannon h,ll tupplant tbe w.v.ng wheal i fn,'r,,,'D ,Uch ,en"0'eo,. but ate determined upon itt hills the march of armed men tread : 10 ree ,hem '"k ,ne for"i "f action, down the productt of itt valleys, and the ti- We leave it to the whole South tnaav whe ters of the Ohm be discolored with the blood ,h-r lit it t, i, . k., . ' ' of her sons. Are our cil not prepared fori V P ilna I Can the ineiiiorialista. many of whom i C0C ' h"" men he been for ' Pr bflong lo the pcniler aex, averae to civil com- j feeaing the most terrible apprehensiont with motion and b oi dshed ministering angels loi repaid lo the passage of the Wilmot Pioviso man hen pain end a.tkm.t distract, b.m, The l(Tccl to ,nk , DVu,vp fc f j iouiieruig with their toltneaa the rouj;h as-; pent.es of man' nature can ihey willingly ! 'je Ll-,on ,tK"' Tl" "P" declare that see such possible consequences with compia-1 'en I t) lor it pledged not to veto it, ahould ce"c ' it pet. I hey have, in their own bands, the When the fitt President of the IWI powpr of MeaU j, . aod f fc Statea, the rather nf hia Country, waa about 1 , , . v retir.n,: fro,,, ibat hih ofii.-e lo which the te ot ad "n",e". ber p.II" to the partiality of hia grateful countrymen had twice President, ihey are determined to let it go by uoonunouaiy called b m, he addreeeed tn t hum j default ; lo leave the fate of ihe South and of an affrciionate loiter, prompted only by the lh, rj0,on in hands io which they have de great love he bore to Ihe people he had saved, I . . . . and containing aenttrnenta which ahould be cl"re' " " not hi 10 ,0 ,h coolln perpetually cherished by the American people. ! Bencv of Preatdential oegative, whoa ihey Thia paper, usuully styled Waahtngtoo'e Fare-1 pn'feet to believe that ihe President will not ell A.ldreaa. and bearing date September J B,ve ,he mMt i,nporn, qeS,ICn eer pre 17, 1700, ahoo'd, next to the Bible, be the , , , .. Q , , . , , , daily reading ,.r our people. Hi. warning ,cn'ed ' ,,e Se"e ! W" hsV9 he"d ''uch voice muit be forgotton, hit counselt contem- "f "mofel Ireatoo " from certain quarters. ned and disregarded, bnfore any one can be We respectfully ask what it this! la it not willing to raUe a parricidal hand agaiutl the j .. lcori ,e,ion open tnj undiagu.aedT . that can result from itt action. Wo are, for one, quite unwilling to give a pledge in ad vance to "support the measures of said Con vention," of whatever nature they rnny be. Were it designed to be composed entirely of delegates from Ihe State of North Carolina, we might have less hesitation in making a pledge of that character, well knowing the loyally of the great mass of her people, and their discreetness in all circumstances of dif ficulty and danger. It is not, however, tu be so composed, and who can answer for il, that rash, ambitious, and designing men from oth er sectiuut will not by the preponderating weihl of numbers xetolve upon thai aioti of measurea that North Carolina would be unready lo sanction. Suppose though there should be nothing more take place than an interchange of sentiments, and an agreement to isue a manifesto setting forth in detail the grievance of which the South complaint, and justly compluins what good would there likely be achieved thereby ? If any one will affird a satisfactory solution of this query, we may yield our oljectiuns to a Convention like the purposed one. According to our judgment, nothing would be gained by a mere recital of wrongs and injuries, coupled with the avowal of a determination to try tome mode or other of redress. This would be no mote than a useless repetition of language which has been utteied by the Soul! time and again, and which its assailants hove no wise heeded. Out we have strong reasons for indulging in the apprehensions that there will be many men in the proposed Convention who will make effms lo bring a Dissolution of ihe Union. One of these reasons we de rive from a communication w hich appears in the Charleston Courier of Inst Saturday's dote. Gen. A. II. Brisbane, of Charleston, sends lo the Courier for publication, a letter received by him from Judge Heydenfelt, o( Alabama, in reply to one addressed lo the Judge by Ihe General. In some remarks prefatory to the letter, Gen. B. says: " My a law. aa well at it mnv cmiet the YVilmnt Proviso. P.ictrinet are tested by examin ing their remits when pushed lo extiemity. We preauine that there is hardly a man north of the Potomac, who would not demur to such a consequence from such a principle; yet it is ns fait ly deducihle a. it the other extreme contended fur by Ihem. At long at alavea are tecognised by Ihe Federal Constitution as property, they stand on the tame footing with any other property ; and the nature of it is not altered by the enactments of the Stato Legislatures. The Constitution of Virginia might declare that sheep were mere animals fierce natural, in which man could hold no kind of properly. Vet at Ihey are recegnised by Ihe Federal Constitution at tuch, it would certainly he a usurpation of authority on the pin t ol Congress, to enact that ahnep ahould not be carried to California. The coualitu iion makes no difference between one species of property and another. It yields an equal protection to all. The extreme measures to which Mr. Cling, man declares himself ready to resort, will not, we hope be necessary. Yet iheir very . indication should be sufficient to warn that portion of Congress which is most bent upon pushing matters, of the danger upon which ihey are forcing the Government. That they will he resorted lo. unless some mcihorl can be devised of averting what the undivided ooutn regnrds as extreme injustice, we re gard ss certain. The South, it must be recol. lecied, it passive in this matter. She tuffrrs all the injustice which may arise from the prosecution of the proposed measures. Tho North suffers nothing whatever. She ia lo all intents nnd purposes, the inflictinir d.mv. and she inflicts as far as we are able to tee, for no better reason than that she has Ihe power. Her presses and her politicians talk in the most offensive terms, about ' wallim up slavery,' hesitating not to dec'are lha" iheir object is lo destroy the value of slave property. At lhal property it valued at at least one hundred million of dollar., tome estimate may be formed of the enormity of the intended aggression. Suppoae the South had a mnjority in Congrett, and were tn pro pose a course of policy the avowed object of which waa to annihilate Northern property lo the same amount! What would the North the whole North say lo it? Yet we hope most ardently, and believe, that the South may not be pushed lo the ex tremity ind cated by Mr. Clingman. The pian ot compromise ottered by Mr. Clav. ...;n , i .l- i " . -:. propositions to him (the Judge) were simple ; " """"". V ,n," r v . c ' the approbation of either party. Yet it is of """"8 "- : " jgreat value as a starting point aa containing Union of these Sta'et The committee recommend the adoption of the following resolutions; CIIAS. R. GODDARD, JOHN MARTIN. A. P. EDGERPON. Retolccd, That Ihe oiemoiialiatt have lib erty to withdraw their memmial. Retohrd by the General Auembly of the State of Ohm, That lha Secretary of Stale cnuee tube printed an edition of Washington's Farewell Address, and dittiibuted tu each echoul district in the State. Amongst the other rubbtth which floated patt Cincinnati lately, waa a email frame houte. It wat labelled " to rent," but no ten ante in tight. longer under a contempliblo system of Com promise Gtitcrnment? You will see how fair ly he meets the gvneral pioposition ; and then the germ of whit may, in the pmeeeeof lime ripen into an agreement acceptable lo all. It is above all things valuable, in producing a pause, and allowing men lo recover from now aptty no applies it io me most tatai ol ,,e hea, in v,hici, ,liey bav, oeen hurried our compromises. But it it to the position by angry discussiont, both in Congress and whieh he assume, in relation to the approach ing Convention, that I would draw your par ticular attention. It is there that wo are to return lo ihe integrity of our old Constitu tional Governinont, or form a now otie we areno longer to listen to compromises, in any shape or form." Judgo Heydenfeldi's out of it. Richmond Whig. Profit or Quack medicines. H ill'a century ago, there lived io England a Dr. Salomon, the compounder of a certain pretended remedy for all " tbe thousand natu ral shocks thai flesh it heir to," callrd Dr. Sol- oraoo't Balm of Gilead. The Doctor lived io it not conspiracy againtt nol only the South, but the Union ittell T If il is not, then never let the phrase be used again. They first de cla-e that the pasaage of the Wilmot Prov si wosld be sufficisnt ground for dissolving the Union, they then take meaturet lo render tuch paatage certain I Language ia insuffi cient to characterize auch batennst in the manner it detervea. For our own parte, wa feel perfectly assur ed that the Wilmot Provito will not become a law while Gtn. Taylor holdt the veto in his handt. But what mutt be ihn character of an opposition, which, professing to think oth erwiae, ii yet prepared to foice il through, at letter it a long one. After denouncing every , , . . . , , ,. ... , " . ;a splendid palace called Gilead House, adorn inn-,: iia. bviiiuiviiiiac, uuu nvci uui- mat u t . . . ' ImA iitk ii.inlin.ii mnA .1 I lis. . J .... I.J .... iiiii.igB uu .i.'vci auu lurruunutru with grounds in which nature and art teem to aim at outvieing each other. He rode in an elegant carriage rivalling those ofthe nobility, nd rned on the pauel with hit coal of arrr.e richly emblazooed. Now the Doctor in one of hia ridet, waa met by a eito who atepped up to the carriage, tnd with an awkward doffing of the hal and scraping of Ihe foot, inquired in broad Lancashire dialect, " I. this D, . Solo mon I" " Yes." " tt ell, air, 1 bought a bot tie of your stuff, and it did me no good at all." Did you take it all T" inquired ihe Doctor Y'es. ttr, 1 took every drop on't." The Djo tor, for a moment, waa nonplussed ; but rally, injr himself, he inquired, " Did you pay for it 1" Yea, air, I paid a guinea for it." " Ah well," aaid the Ducigr, " tbta it did aw good." the Convention ia to meet but to unite the voice of the South, and threaten united ac tion if the North persists in aggressions, he is opposed lo itt meeting, he proceeds, " eve ry consideration conducet to tbe belief that it ill be the time fur Ihe South to act, and if ahe doea act boldly and promptly, she will ceitninly aava herself, and may save the Uni oo, by restoring to it the purity in which it waa created. The people of the South are prepared fur this action, and the feeling which now inspires the multitude, is far ahead of that which aeema to move thtir politicitnt. ' " Let us, then, meet in Convention with a purpose worthy of a people who underttand that they are fit for 4 . . aatri ......'