EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
'Perpetual lliaitame 10 !!je Price of Cibtrtn," for "(Jowtr is alroang Stealing from tip ilann to tip fern.'
CHARLOTTE. N. C. MARCH 9 1850.
JiT S3 P ANNUM IN ADVAhCE.
3IK. CLAY'S SPEECH,
there wa. d ffirulty. thinking there enu'd be j ein power 10 inquire into the validly of the .11 they wanted ou'd re.ult a well wiihou'
no use jn.eliling one part, and leaving other, municipal sets of any e. ve.niiirn', rert,ruh.r. it. enactment si with ,l, these cons'ilnen's
Driirrrrd in lie 47. i. Stmmtt, th, 5A sod CA ?P''n' J"1 ''' ho"1,1 ,tltW(S ,,nn " j 'y the people ol Mexico bad acquiesced
Ftbramry, ISjO. , ''0 '''"Usht thai he ahou'd prepare ; iu H.
. sctieme mat both claasei or Stalta free Mr. C. also read rxtiacia finin the entree-
Mr. CLAY ..id he never roe to add res State and slave Statci cou'd ad nt without pondenee of Mr. Tn.t with the mivemtneni
lbs Senate with mora interne feeling thin tn tacnfice of rinrtp'e. Theto eeriee of on llm point. The diaruaaicn i n funnel
the present occasion, lie had witnessed m i- resolution, propotie plan whereby atl lhi ia
ny teaiuti of greet peril and danger in the done.
hi.'ory of the country, but he never before tie eaw cite aerticn of lie S'ete of the
rcsa l atlJn-M lh Senate when there a cHJmy pushing their meutuiet to an alarm
auch extreme solicitude, fear end anxiety felt ' ,niC and dangeroo. extreme; he .aw the oth-
br the country tu the issue of the (;i.ai action pupating to extei d their treasures
occasion, arlien ihia territory mi i;si ciried.
had the general ii piemen that slavery
wnuld tell them to fnrbaar ; to reaa. pressing
M, Vi'nint Proviso, and lelieve the coun
try from danger. They would tell them l
come her. and quietly art lie all he d flicullies
taet iiuw threaten ilie Union.
Mr. C. then prcceidrd to the elimination
of ihe thud and fiui'h reaoluttnn. propotoin
waa not in existence in Mexico or those tpiri. mun bou- dariea for Trxa, and to pay tin
tonea prior to their cession to, the U. Siitee. I dtlla of TVxs. for which th. dutie. in he.
Nor could he account far te exis encn there import .ere ptedgud while the waa a repub
now, unless at ib. moment trie ueaiy-.t e.a. lie. He held that tre United 8'i'ea had oo
vent now tranapiring. lie a.u not iDink u , ioi anu rquany asiigrroue etireiiiity ; aioii waicuncluil.il the coiili(u(in aa e- ; poarr 10 dividr or rut tff aoy pnrtirn of that
would be out uf pUce to du ihat in the S.'iia'e ; '"d be ihounht that be alinuld prepnre plan tendril oer every pail of the territory and Lr n oilier Slate 5 but m a'l q ieatixna ofun
which be had neer ceaard to do in hia own ',, "wild att.p tin. peril, and aff.rd a groond loik a!a-ry with tt. j wnlt.,) buuuilanra the Um'id S atea bad the
chamber that ia, to inike the Supreme Ar '" "Inch boln aecitona cimld unite without j Fucll doCtnne waa wholly irreeoncileabte j pvar-r to aettle thrm. The bnundariei nf
biter, who holda in hia hsnd the die miea of; 'he acr fice of any principle, but tt (be aac- ; with hie iea and fcelin. There i at j Vxi bad 11. ver bcn poai'iarly deieriumed,
natin. to c!m the patatona of men tod the ' "fii" "f li'i'e feeling only. Us buliev.d 1 the time of that ttei) fiuecn free aud fiU'en aud ih Umied Sialea hud the power to du
eiotrnee of party ; to allow rran 10 retume : M reauluinma arcnmplulied thia end - je'.ee Statea in the Imu i ; tli inniiui out of ao au. Momnnr, it waa prniHMed 1
her empire : and to beatow on hnn Ilia a i.i're bt-lieted thtl, in all conci iiiona by one : both weie reroin i.-d bi the L'ui!'i-uticn.
of approval, and the air- ii'ih ai d ability to 1 leciion, ibey abuuld rrceite a coinpenoa'ioti ; : liow rt'u'd 11 h. peiaible that ib ('ornmuiim',
per'O'm the lak before bin ! He had wit. jd by a can-ful and chIiii conaideratum o' : in eatroding oer lle.e ie'rirrt-, rou'd car
peiaed o'her peiiodi whin the etrnta ol the : lhe rnolutiona Ihia wuu'd apjivar lu be cam ry tlm pru.c pie o! alari) , ai d cim d o car
day caused the greatrel anmcty ihmugSout I d out. ' ly ihu prinripie of fieednrii etablihi'd 111 cue
th eountry ; and in all ihear, aa well a llioj In 'he firal retolution it waa aaid thai Call, 'ha'f of ilia L'i.h.ii! By the law ul Mnicn,
preten', he bad no doubt, were be to trace the , 'ma anuu il b adimttrd into the Lnion with , it.ee at ii'i aUarry 111 lin-e teiritor:i at
"ery principle of eternal justice from drpriv. would hail it with ploaeura, and adopt it with
inj; the people nf lhe Diiirtct ol their proper delight.
iy without making juat cuinpenaaiion. lvn- When preparing thia plan Iho Mmouii
land and France, h o thi-y aboliahed la- compiomiae waa augealed tu hia mind, and
ery in their poaieaainna, did uoi no ao without after coimidertng it, he had rr-j'Ced it aa be
Compenaating the ownera for Ihrir prtierly ; ing leee worthy uf mutual approbation than
slid I line cuuutriff were not bound by any lhe p'an proposed. Ilia ajjency in the piot
written or unwritten obligation lo pay, but bailment of Hie M.eanuri line of 36'' 30' had
'here waa thai obligation which all naliona been greatly eiiggeruted. Ilu hud been won
recognise, the obligation of eternal justice, derfully aurpriaeii at 1 lie rtipidity wild which
The provision in the Constitution which any a historical enonla are forgotten. lie was not,
that all private prr.kwtly Ixken for h of had Wn .aid, ih. author of Dial conipro
the Government mutt be paid fur, did not lit- nitse line, lie waa not evt-n a member of the
erally authorise 'bis appropriation ol public House in which it originated,
money, but by a liberal interpretation of the! At the first aeatuon at which a bill wa in
cluuse, wtuld mik4 it that property taken for ' triHluced tu udinil Mirtouii, the bill failed
the use or at iheinstanco of the government,' lhe House insisting nn engrafting the proviso
wniibl auihurise ll.e payim-nl fur the alavea. 1 of the ordinance ol 1767, and lhe Shuttle dis
lie aaid yettt-rday lhat there waa none of aeming. At Iho nrxl ssmio'i, Maine was
the resolutions which did not provide for knocking for admisriou. The Senate cinpled
mutual concension, or which did not concede ' tbe two Siates together 111 one bill, and said
to lhe S'uh without aiy comn'iiaiion lo 'lie ! if you du not admit Mib( uri wo will tint ad-
10 ihe ettl. idi-m of all the d llirultiea, and re- : North. The North contrnds, and he thought nut Maine. This wua done by a decided ma
sitk. ponce and harmony lo the country. coirrcily, that Congr.a has the power lo' jortly. The bill went through till the s'afa
) 1 t rdm-.d t) abolish slavery in the District. The South ' of conference before it wai settled, and then
Mr.LLtY said lhal if any p-rsno c.nne ; denies this power. The North concedes, ' it was seltled by dicoimec'iiig the two Stales.
1 Into wuh any rapicaiinn ol hea'ing bun ! by this resolution, that it is iiiexrdieiit, and i Ana tlion it waslhut Mr. TIiociihs, a Se ntor
hrrd' lil ; and this ass proposed as a cnrnprii
mite, m 1 lie hop that thai St He .ou d a;re
cause ef Ihe danger, peril and alaiin lo ita , ou "n p'nv.amn enro-r prohibiiiug or artiinl- the tun. of the c.ssi.n ; and as no action had ' oste any displai , thry wnu'd We eeail die Jni.ke.aiid agrees that slavery here shall be! from Illinois, propotrd the line of 36 30',
true source, n. woum nuu 11 party spirit . nu. j.riiMrMien irnm tre auum tieen itKen 10 in-luce 11 none, he ihoulil li , afpumiad ; his on hea'ib, the aeasoo of the co eaiMent with alavery 111 lhe State ; hut! nd ao it pad, and so it went lo Missouri,
l-4riiet, in oroer 10 (am a iriumpn lor inetn ' ' uo tt.irin tei an tney ani nao sumcicnl reason to say 11 did not elisi ! y.a-, ra eM aa tlis es.on ot hia owu hie, all this conce-sion waa made 111 eoii.id.-rslion of and for a while quieted the couulrv. Dv a
. . - ,J . .. . wlhi ir.n; tm I . .. . rl .. . . K I . . I '.I . I . , ' ... ....
aelves oer their opponent., aeizrd upon eve. thai slavery ia alieady p'ohibi'ed iheir, ' ibere now
jiIib wnliid hnn li say on'y so tnurb aa was ; the assertion lhat it wss expedient to abolish reference lo the journals il sppears that in ev.
rv tul'jci lhal piesenlrd itsell to make cani- "nJ that the enda and pu'poaea ot tbe live The QUPS'ion of alaverv was divtible into 1 irmon to ihe rn.Ur.a'ioo and nuuni.il ol : th. ii.H. i., il.i. I),t,,-i. Ti, ,h,l,i ! rv in.inni ilu. !.. l 'A& -Au- ,n:.r.,l I..
lalof, and to increase their own nun bet a ; Sates have been arenmpbahed. I'lns it true. ; two branchet ; slaey in the Siatra. sod sla- die measure under ronsidcrs'inn. land the power to do this he thought unqurs. Mr. ThortMS.
T.o Senator, had told them lhal both of Ihe : UjI by whom hat i been d.m ? list it b-en very w,tbout the 8-aiet. Cui.grrat h.te n I . The Uurth reiolu ion wat un-ler bit rontid-' lionable. By an amendment lo the Cmisti. The lin of 3tl' was voted for hy a m ijr
t.o political parties of the country, at the J l-y Coneieas, or by any act of ihn (i.iv- poers over aJavery in lhe Sia'ea. escepl the j era'iwo, w In n he closed yrlrday. After a j lotion, il was provided, that all powers not j ily ol ihe Senator Irmii (he Bnm'h, amoiip
liorin, scusiru oy sue 11 spirit, iuu enueavor -( u uv peopm ui i-n r'i- inno piniruisra mennmiea 111 'lie unrmiHu- I sjr'Iicr bnel eipl maiinn ol it, he proceeded 1 granted eipiesly lo Ij.iegirss were reserved : w horn em flli. I'mkney, of Maryland, and
ea ana aeie enoeavoriog 10 ou'flti eacn ntner , u,a '"''"wurs , sou is 11 nui me uocuine 01 tion. 1 list is, the poser to ie;;u!s!o repte. 10 Hie cousiiietaiion nf lhe fifth ri solution. 'to ihe Sule. and lo the pe. p. This
lo bbiam the votes ol a email thud party call- "" P'"ea thul the peoplo of every fetate , sen'aiinti, the power to levy a tn.iol ihe This ie.t.lu-ioii wis, that ilia mexindtent applicable tu the pow.-ra of Congress over
ed Abolilimnaia, in order to ewtll ihetr rea- ' abnu'd be left fiee either lo admit or prohibit ; power relative to tumve slaves. Ilej ond ' (0 siH.lish slavery iu the Di.lricl nf Columbia ! tbe p-p!e of ihe seteral Slates. K.jt in re
peclive r.umbera. Nor was this confined to alav.ry, as they should deen proper The ibis, Cou-er hnd uo p .wer over slsvsiy in I , ,.t , iiisliu 1011 continues lo nut in ' Raid to this District, he con.nlered lhe re.
tbe people at large. In the legislative balls question involved in the ad ntision of Vltssou 1 the Ststis. j Miry land, without the consent uf lhal Sale, verse waa the law. Over thia District Con
ofiha country Ihe tame party spirit overrules hciher, a'ter a State had lorn i d a II ('ong'ett were ca'b d upnn to nveiium without the content of Ihe pn.plo nf the Die- '.grras had Ihe same powers which I'.e Stales
all uther consid -rslHKis. Th. II uise ol Kep- j constitution, an l waa orgami'd a S atenf the iho institution of slsvery in the S.s es, ai d ! tract, and without i-i-t comtwnajtion to lhe ! had over all wi I.111 iheir uwu limit-, and Con-
arn'atives had spent one whole week m a fruit t 't'on, Uungrets had power in control the ap. ! such a measure wat serious1 y thought of, tin n J miners of sUvet within the District.
lest siirinpt toelcct a dtvor-kaeptr. And what , "" 1,1 "'' Mate on ;h tu'jct ol slavery T hia voice would be for war. I hen a rase
was, Mr. km;', uf A U1I1. una. in the House ihu
niajoiny uf the Southern metnhe a, headed by
M . Lowndes, voted fur it. He believed bo
At the next session it waa discovered I hut
MusoU'l had inadvertently nitioduced into
her count iiu: ion an mierdiUioii of free col-
I nrmmm kmA mil mi b .a iI.im tli.oijl in. I i iirft tiMtifilM unrl uli,.n iltn i.vimI ilnl i.i.i putiA
was the qu-etion which prevented the election j ' hose ol the South who favored her ndiuts- ! would be pie-cnted here iiwiuld be j tiifi- I ,,( ,e presentslion of It e resolutions, by a
of a dom keeper ? It waa not the fi ness or''"" "ln 'he t'mon h-td ihe doctrine thai sb'e 10 the vihl ol God snd of in'i"(i, lo re-! gtnslor, to the recognition by lhi resolution !
Ihe q iiUfica'tors of the men; but the q iea i 0nC State, she at! a i onj her peeraeq ial ! stst the oppretren. They wou'd then l.t acl j f t power in Conuresa lo abolish eleven in i
. i 1 .1. -.1 i 1 . ,lt .... ... 1.L..1 .r,r.-. -i.i, . ..' . .-..I
At an oljeciiuu was nvidu on the occasion expressly prohibited by the Constitution. to Coi greis lhe country waa in an uproar.
' I here was no Slate but what had acted upon 1 L-gisUlive uotli-a had Uken action lo keep
I the sul j-rl of I tin alave trade. The atbp 'out Missouri becaue of Ihia interdiction.
; I in uf 1 hia resolution he did not ihiok would I He did not come to M'athinilon thai ear until
lion wsa, whether the duor. keeper to be cho- J ' H 'pect to Iheto. and thst her rights i in teif defend ; und the la e Stalra aou'd j ,1,1, Divtnct. Ho bad never doubted thi ! Ie a concession by ciiher clasa of Siates, but near Janmiry, and, with a viw to settlement,
ten belonged lo Ibis or lhat petty, or whether ; "d poers ov-r tr at eubjecl were aa clear ; tht n le j.isi.fihle 111 renstin the acl bv rve- v.,wer to exist 111 Congress. He did not be- ! would be as acceptable lo one aa lo lhe nth- j he B.keila coininiHee ol thirteen to be appoint
bit views and aenluuenta of political questions "d unqietticr.a'jle at anvooe of Ihe thirteen i rj mesnt within tin ir poe ; and, 111 at civil j ti--s that any one could doubt th! po.r!er. Hut 111 Ihesn days of cootinual a'arm, ' ed from the old thirteen S'aies, and lhat corn
were ef una or of another school. Ho did not ordinal Slaie, and lhal Congrese htd no au ' ar in such a cae, thry wi.uld hav. ihe syoi , UJ ca'mly exanure the auhjett. every ntghl when ha went to bed anl on ri ! niillee reported a resolution, which whs do
allude lo thia eulj-ct by way of repio.chinj j 'honly or power la control ber action in the . pnhies and support ol every man oho lovrd i Cons'iiuiioii declares Cixigires iball ' i"g 111 Ihe mnrum, ho anprrhmided new feaied by three aouihern voles. Tho inntter
any lor what bad been done, but b way oil b't respect. i'iice stnl riL'til. , irwve iwi"iuuji i -" ja' " shdWrwiiiw.. Bui h had wn. then bud over. He believed be could havn
il'uitraliog lo whsl lennih. and eiiiemes ihie' HJ 'hooghi thvt lhe friends nf the Wilmoi f franee pjfj ngg"9 In a wa' to prrpsjaie , aJ c,,c, 'whatsnevee user such distrirl as ois.-d preedmg 111 another Sm'e, wheie : cariied any thing, at there wat a majority
ps-iy spirit i. carried; and tie ft -ped lhat r--ewie wttncW te welt aiM-rVd wuh IS. dee- ttf.e ngh tirinn, and e Ue was sell kn .an. ,,,,, ,y C(.j f ,rticlar Sialaa and the '11 waa declared lhat if ih slave trade were 1 in Congress 111 favor ofaeuling lhe difficult v ;
anmalhing would be done to clvck It IU lit i laralinn.and wi h what hid taken pluc. 111 Cat- If we should engsue in a c vil war shoot thv i ,Ccepiance ot Congress, heroine Ihe seal of ' abolished in this Distrirl it oijl be a anlu ! iiui there were n-l enough ol Curliusea and
cnaid progress. jifornia. They should remember lhat it the introduction of a aver y in'o lerri'onv a her j ,he C, ,c, ,.,, ,,f the United States." 1 cient caue for a sourhern convention, w Inch j Leonidases willing to sacrifice themselves
Whsl vtcitsiiudra we psst mrcugi in mis i "' onuru, , . K- uln.. , , ,-,, . . .,r c-n,.lo -u u ur u i.lj.h ,g cu le cm, reived more com ' i 'tie sum liimg a cnnuteririg Hie evpe-
short rarrer nf life ! Clhi yeara aoj he took ' ee.aa when the S;ate wat fonrn d ' presented loihe woi'dl li wnuld am be a j ureheitive than the word "exerci.e exclu-' dieocy nf disolvmg the Union. Toahata
les of the 8 cate at he ibouht forever Tuere was now no one who aould rontrtid fur i ar to propaga'e the n-lits c.l man. Ojr j ,, iri.lim.Mi m all cases wh.us .ever ! ' 1 decree of fody and extravsgsuce pas, ion will
And, if his on inclinations, bis on drai-ee. a moment that iftbe Stairs formed out ol the . IWiUsh snctslors were b su.ed, and j il!y , lor ' Sop(H..e suery was abolished in Maryland lead men !
ho;, and anticipation to be aliucd lo en- Noith ett Territory, aid '0 bom had hern introducing itno our u.idsi Ilu. inslnu'ion ; and ,,j Virginia, and in all ihe other Sietra of! Ho Inn! been alwav ready to abolish Ihe
i . the fee reuiaioin'' ear.ot li'e 111 lhe a n-' apph'-'l the ordinanie of 1 1 S, Minoi, t) 1 o, he, (or one, ou!d nvrr vine lr Ha tnuuduc-. tins L'nmn. then would there be nv iw.wcr slave trade in thia Di-lric. Whv should 1 had nr. Doed this nroii.o nn ! i.Fn.ii
rl iretiee of retired life had bt-eti con-uHel, ' Indiana, snd 01 hirs c-hoo.e lo alter 'heir run. '. u-.n any where, where th.; uyle did not de t lo ,,b,,lih il hen? 1 1 so, wheie wiu'd Dial the traders iu this kind of merchandise come! and on tno first balol eioliu-en of the twenty
thst wou'd he been bit last appi-aranoe in ' "u'lont, and ;.ernnt laery to xtsl wnhui ; sire i . p.. wer be t Or was alavery to abide iu tins j t thia place from oilier State, and shock ! ihrce Hrsins tio.iiitialcd by hnn at metnbera
th Senate. But the L-tfislalu e ol his S ate, 'heir limits, they h-ol not at much rtyl.l arul l he q iestmn nf slavery without lhe linuls ; Diatrict fur all elermly I Maryland had no ! the feelings of men, hv marrhing long iraina ! of the com .nille were chosen. The remain,
unsolicited by him, hsd llnught proper tu eon ' power to d to aa hid Virma wi'hin her , of the S aes w. a a de ha able cue. Ktstery (mw, :, ,)Ver this District. The other slave. and enrtesjea of manacled hiniiaii beings nn j lug five were then chosen. Much to his re
ler upon bun again the honor of be.ng their ; b""''- i nb.ii Um Sia's as uu b biinb e. O i h- . holdu g power had no such authority. The ! the avenue T Adopt this res dumm. and the i grel, mine of those declined, and Mr. Ran-
representative he e. and he d.d not feel at lib. ! No one .oulJ contend thvl ihe rxchmon of qu-an-n ol slavery tmhuut ihe S'soa iheie pliwlr ,,P ,u,t u, , Congrras. He had'niher healing measures proposed, and there j dolph was appointed on lhe committee. The
eity lo rtluse It. lie came, buaever, to the slavery by lhe people nf CM forms was the wss loom lor a d lence nf opinion st would I rxpr eased similar views in I SlrJ on Una sub 'will be restored tn lhe Country that peare , two cnminineea inoi in lhe Senate chamber
S-naie In rve an party, nor with any per 1 Cungrets, nr of the ti iveinmeni ol the had to the breaking up of this Ooeinmetil. i j-ct. In 13S he thought C.'iigre-a had the (and Strtnnny which have nut been known for on Ihe Sabbath, ai.d hul a few day a before
snrisl nr pivaie end, now nr hereafter, 10 ac U. S ate, but it was a decision ot the qn-s j He cidlerrd widely from his fiiend Iron. ( u,,wer, bu: should not exercise 11 without con- j thirty i ears. the adjournment of Congress, and, after a
couipluh. And, it iheie wat 10 the Senate, by the people of California, by Cal forma Michigan ( Mr. Ca) as Id ihe bndiej au- f(-iil ol Maryland, Virginia, .he peop'e of the ! The seventh resolution relates to ihe ur j corisul'aimn, adopted a tesolution aubmilled
or out nf the Senaie, any man engaged in Iho heraell, who a one had 1I10 nht lo d- Cida H. ihoniy ol decisions o tne upren. t-oun, . Jln'iict, nnd without cumpenswiion l the I render ol logittve slaves. O.i this subject by htm. rhal resolution waa reported lo
,1 1 in. second tesn'tinon 01 tne series wat an ami e e.reniary .rnera on tn ionsiiiiitton. nainrs. ftince then that paitol Ihe Itislrict ne wouij go as lar as Die liirili'at 111 carry- lioth house, and became tho low.
for Ihe country.
He then proposed a joint committee, thut
of the II unt to consist of twenty three mem
ber tu bn chosen hy ballot for Mr. Ta lor
was Speaker, nnd it was Mr. Taylor who
race after high honors or position, let thi
man rest assured that be would nevr b" i
tied by I. tin V.-. C ) in ihsl race. Wheo hi '-Mk at it calmly
trim uf sersire in lb Senate was end. d, his
mission in this lite, so far as relsies tu publ c
airin, wnu'd be closed, and clo'od forever.
It aas impossible for any candid observer
of paiiing events nol to sen lhat the spun ol
psrty, snd the promotion and e.evaii m of par
ticular individual! to high places and d a m?
important one, and be b-r.'ged nentlcmrn to j legauli d. th it win n a constitutional que ; ceded by Virginia hud been rvlrocedcd lo ber, J ing out the enf ircemenl of the Constitution. I And what wa 1 1 ? Il wat a mere resolu-
lla wst aware, when ho lion wss once ileeul d by conapeent auilioiity, . aMI her consent waa not new ueceesary, the It wat a irqnirrmenl of the Contiotion ;' lion, declaring, Ht a tireat fundamental priu-
piepareu 11,01 ma per veranre w 11 11 siiii'n.u si 11.11. w nerwie inert- wss iiouiniji u i,ciiig nmre interested than any oilier 1 anu every cinie, aim every sia'e ollicer, an 1 ; ripte, mat the Constitution of Ihe United
ihe tVilino! I'rovi.o was pit rd by the Nir;h ; 1 ruli d undei the CVnviitu'.mn, but a I waa si til kuve State. He bad held then, as he did ) every man in ihu I'uion, w as bound to aid 111 ! Slates wo the paramount law of the laud,
he wat aware that every fiee S ae had ex-( uns-nltd. 'now, lhal while Congress hnd ihe power, it i'a execution. It was a provision of the Con and that all State cuiislituliuna and laws Hero
pressed an opinion in lit favor, and had in 1 He put il to gentlemen to say if there wit ' ,,ughl not lo be cxeicised, for Maiy land and ! alilution which every citizen wa hound to of no effect if in conflict with the Constitution
strucit d lit leprescn'nttves in Congress lo se. I not an actual exifdn.' power some where to 1 Virginia 111 gianting the D. strict, did so un- ! observe ; eiery man holding an tfli.'e took of the I'uiled Stales. That if there were
cure lis adoption ; he wss aaraie that the j introduce or evclu'e alavery from ihe Ten 1 der an unplnil prom'se thai slavery should an oath lo support the cnnailution, and wr any thing in tho constitution uf Missouri in
uurih"rn peop'e conatdnri-d it at a favorite 1 tonet. Il to, wh'-re wit the power ! IS.-fore ' ll(it lie touched Iheiriu without their consent. 'Imund lo aid in the restoration of a fugitive ; conflict with Ihe Constitution f ihe United
ttoiis, were now the abtmbinj; principal of nieaiute, and had id their hear't un t'. Ilu , the lieity i h Mexico hat power wat vet'- ' This District was ceded hy Virginia and alave. No man wat hound to make a lour! Siales, Missouri atiall, by some gulemn act uf
men. At ihn true when the V Inte Hnise is 'e that, by akin ihem lo vo'e lulled to Mutico, the huvin iheii the terrilnry Mry 'and, and accepted by the L'uili d Stales, ' nl his &iHto lo hunt up fugitives, hul all per
io danger of being wrspl 111 lhe fl tines of de- 1 'hit rasolu ion, ha Called upon them to sb.n nd ihe soveieijin'y over it Mexico parted ; i Imi (he seal of govertiiiient; and lo mike it (aoiit preen at the arreat of a fugitive vlnve
aiructn.u srd ruin, mm were engaged in talk- don ihe Wilmot Piovian, to jive it up, to ii.eii ' wuh the territory and the suvorcunty lo tl c j ihe scat of (joy eminent should he the leading jare bound to Sfsi.t the master in cap'iiring
ifi about who ahall be it next i.rcupsnt. their eyes 10 the danger lo ll.e cuun'ry in U Slates, si d now lhe V. Slaves have all the ! idea in all our legisla iou for it; and hence it j him lhal is if any man 1 bound to aid in
VVriPi. nurmin i . ).! hn t.krn ,.l.r ' uresinfi it when there waa no necessity what 1 unwti and tmcrcignty pnstesacd bv Meticn 1 j 1 juFXpedienl loaliolish shivery here without ! the execu'ion of the laws nf the country.
r 11 r . '1'-... - .1 J-!. . 1. ,.l .i-H.t I. LL..I.. l..-J.t--.
ever inr 11. n-nre ine ircaiy. 1 110 inner u" it hoes i mi ut sire ui i lie people ana tno essoin ui .iii- miun gmioriy sun uiimoii, m.u a
In thus calling upon them lo nband in their ' ooi exit'. And, if it enis, ihe V. S'a'e r land. slaveholder cannoi travel through the free , sitliffied with the assertion of an inconiesti
fivortte measure, ho off. red ihem the inrf : nave all the poweia p seaed by Mexico, uu j Alter the adoption of the constitution, States with hia servants without having litem ble principle of la w, couched in rather high
linn, in hit reto'u'inn, of Iwo rlear and indit ! der ihe limit iiloii nl the Constitution. i Maryland and Viigiuia, in a feel ng of fra- i taken forcibly from him. Heretofore there : sounding words, ihmhud ..tl.in
ternal tience anl happiness which then pre-! were acts 111 Inrce in Iree 9 ates, 111 behalf of 1 I he enactment ol the line ol JIP oU' would
and the watersot de.nj. lion are fas' p. uinj
upon us, wn aie talking ab ul who thall rutc
orer the country about to be inundated. The
who'e lulj'xt that eee.ued to atlttcl ihe alien
1 1 011 ul men wss parly, party , piasmn, paasioti, 1
her legislature, suspend ita operation; and lhat
upon such act of Missouri being communica
ted loihe President, ( Mr. Monroe,) the Pics
idenl ahall issue hi proclamation, and Mis
souri ahull then be admitted into the Union.
This was tbe compromise. Ail uartiea were
put.b'e t r u 1 hw. They were: First. Thai There was no power iven lo Congress in ; icrnal pi
and intemperance of epirit. as tins the wsv slavery dues nol exul in any pari ol me tern e print loini vy in y.oi.aninioii oor ine 1 vailed over me Hiluri, generouaiy tratg it , p-jminitii, mi, wn un iniinm vi ivoair
tuasvethe country fioin the im.endin" dan-' tones acquired from Mexico; ar d seconlly , I ul j-ct ol t'svei y, but tbe-e waa no power J the United S:elt ihie Distsici; but in doing ; Island and New Jersey, Ihese acta hnd been
ger f Within this Capitol snd in iho Siates 'hat, in our opinion, slavery never will exist ! gisen in express lerm over an intnife vsriely io, tiny never thought lhal Congress should 1 swept away. 1 ne aeouction 01 s ave trom
there .ere twen'y furnace all burn ns; and ' any portion i f it. j of other ul jncta which wer. acied upon eve. make it a Ilium in their aide by aboliahmg j their owner in many instances resulted un-
aendiiig forth tbe best i.f pisston and party j II had heaid it staled thil the assertion iy day. It was an incidental power. VV here ' slavery here. He though', iu 1S34, and be -j haepily for the alave; he knew several in
spirit. A few months ago there wss piece' of 'bete truth by CVnress was 1 q ial 10 ihe j there was power Ui acq nr., there followed j heved now, that the Cungre nf the Unttod ' stance one in hi own family w hen, alter
. .1.- ..... ....1 ,1 . .J nr.rniit nf thu U tluo.i Pmviso. Ile d d ! miser tu cotiirol. He wilbnirly admitted ! Slates, aa an honorable body, could n d inter- dwelling awhile in freedom, they have beg.
tranquil. Now there we danger and peril ! "ot tlnr-k it "at. If the Wilmot Piovito be I that Congress h .d thu power to tulruduce .la lore with slavery 111 Ihe Dialrict without a , ged lo he allowed In return, lie hoped lhal not 1
and even menace axaiuvt the Uiinm. Ho ! l''d by Congrcit, there ia a snhiiin enact-' very inlo ihn Tor rilorn-, the power of in. j violation nf all iho.e implied agreemeni wuh it would therefore be considered by the free It it
implored S. nalor to lock at thee IhiniM lo! mem, and H 1 a p anive interdiction of slat- iroiluctmn and r xcluston went together. j Maryland and Virginia, which, lo hnnorable ; Stjtea their du') loedopi law for llirenfurco- Hon,
' ..' . 1 . . 1 . 1 . . . . . f a...t ..:r ..a' I I. at.. ' ! ni I rilti nail tnT I K aw t . a t ssl in unrl 1
q-wll Ihe fires of patnon now ragmg, and to ' ") 'here : hot, by this aaseitiou we say nmh- As to thu tecuid truth, that livery wss not
listen t the vntcO of reaiiiii. IK- did not aup- "') nnn "'"' ",e P""""' " u"r '""'J' 1(1 8""" '" "y PaM ,no 1 """'.
po.e what he could 11 y would produce tuch "'' 'Horn, and that, in our opinion, 11 ne-; ne nan a tew worn on y 10 say. vsinorioa
an alfeel hul ha Im ,wi ih.m in l,.i, i th. ver will. I by h-r on action, had excluded slavery lore
voicaortheirownrea..n,jidgiiieiil, and Kood t hoped lhal the free Stale would be al j ver from hut luni't; and ih-tre. il any whore
iene, aa to what can be done for ibe good ; t-0 -d with thia 1 xpreta.o 1 of opinion, and not j ,n the lerrnonet. it was most l.k-ly ihat la
nf ih i.,.ni, I teonire any ennciincnt on the aul'iect- very would have found a fomhnld ; and, 11 ala
To this tibieel he had directed all hit of-1 Thu ietolu:ion woild have been more ac- j veiy it nol pci milled lh. ie, where ehe 111 'h , obligatitma; and, if she doea ao, one obstacle
r... . . l. 1 l 1 . I ....il., m K.. nkn.ii ih. ...nri.nri nf ihese . IVriitonr was il likelv to bi) introduced 7 ! in ihe wav it remnvud. There were other
mi'., won men viDis ne nu in a manner - p . - - - - ; - - . . .
men. were aa bindmir at if contained in the ! ment of Ihia part of lhe Coiistnution
Constitution inexnreaa terms. I hn reaolu- I It as wiong, alao, tn hold Stales responi-
California, i ijon does nol ndmit or deny that Congress ble, a Sia'e, for the ai l of a few person on.
ha the power lo abolish slavery in t'tta l- ! It i he never cou'd conceive that the con
tvtct. It is silent. The resolution in sub duel pursued by northern persona to masters
stance provide thai Maryland shall first re- ' in pursuit nf their slave wou'd be a sufficient
leosn the United Htale from all those implied
rut himself ..IT from all aocinlrtj ij menu since "11" 'hem, hut he had inougni
hit arrival in this city, and devoted all hia 1 'h it to.nething ahould bo given a a compen
lime, sbor, and abilities, to lhe formation of, "' f" '' 'Ufrerider and comprmie ol
mna plan whereby, once more, peace, con- j feeling nn thi oiiil.
C'fd. and harmony, could be rettorcd to lha U had no detire tn make a speech on each
totiolry. H had aubiintled I Hat plan to Ihe of 'he retolulion. but would doiain ibe S.;n
Senate. s did out hnpn lhat It cou d hi' ' f"r "hl, ,hB """'""'"i of lhe
urcetiful, but he trusted lhal if S mtto. ' "u'ha tet forth in those resolution!. A lo
: found in it anything obj-ctionahle, or thai j Ihe firt, that slavery doe not exial in any of
' cou'd or ought to be amended, Ihey would en I 'he Terntorie acquired by Mexico, he would
-eeeof, 10 improve, alter, and amend it, and , refer lo the act of 121. by the supreme gov
' rpfoosHince agamit it or attempt to doatroy ernment of Mexico, whereby alavery wa a
tl Itim examine il carefully, and calm- bnlished in lhal nation, and the general acqui
1.. A if Ibey due jvercd aoy thing in it tu. etc.nce of all Ihe Stale of Mexico 111 ihat
t. . ..We of icniovement, lei theui improve it, i abolition or alavery, down lo the lima of the
t: Jrwtore peace, harmony, aud bappinau toJ''y ceding ihose Territorial lo the United
Ibe country. State. Thia act of lhe government of Met-
la forming thi plan, he had thought iijicowa said lo have been irregular, and not
hoylti, embrace all the ribj-eit upon which binding; but it trai not our prnvince for
In the cold and mountainous districts, the clt- obstacle, l" the abolition nf slavery here.
cau.e lor niasolving the Union.
The eighth reaoluttnn i iu thein wnrds:
That Congreaaha nn power to prohibit nr
obstruct the trade in alaves between the slave
uiaio and Iho soil foe bid Ha introduction. ' One wa, thai lhe conaenl nf the people of holding Sta es; but lhat tho adm anion or ex
Chen it wat a truth lhat alavery wa nut like
ly lo mi'- in any pa'l of the Terriluite.
AU knew tht lu he the fact ; then why should
there be any herniation in declaring ill
In lb dee Siale where the Wilmot Pro
viso wat fit at agitated, tht territory wa a
bnul to be acquired, and ihe people there were
laboring under the apprehension that alavery
would hkoly be extended to those Territories,
and, under thi apprehension, instructed their
inpresi litative lu vote again! it. Rut there
i now uocaute fur any uch apprehension.
If the repreaenlaiivea from tho. State could
hive held tui.rcuurie wi'h their constituent
nice Ihe fact of California' action ha be
come known, and could bive pointed out lo
thetn the danger of prciing tht Provno, when
thi Dial net hould first be obtained
I hn peop'e uf thi District were in an an
omalous condition. They are a people gov
erned by an arbitrary power. They are
taxed and governed by an authority in which
they have no voice. Arbitrary power he de
fined to he an authority exercised by a pow
er in which the people over whom it i exer
cised have no representative. Congre, hav
ing thi arbitiary power, ahould never exar
ciae il in a manner harsh or unkind. The
consent nf Ihe poopl ahould firal be obtained.
The resolution did not atop bare. Il pro
vide fur another thing. Ther erVnutd be
just Compensation to lhe owner of elavee fur
their property. Congre ahould be tea
trained by every motive of public policy tttvj
elusion of slave brought from one in'o anoth
er of them, depend exclusively upnu their
own particular low.
The Supreme Court hail already decided
thi eubjecl, and, be hoped, decided it forever.
Such wat Ihe aerie o' resolution which he
had prepared, with a view to ofi'-r the olive
branch to the discordant and warring spirits
of Ihe day. He waa not at all attached to
hia own productions, and wnuld willingly con
sent to iheir improvement. He put it to lhe
candour of gentlemen lo aay, if their duty
wnuld be performed by limiting their aclinn
tn the objection in thi or 'hat pellicular point.
Let them produce their plant, and let ihem
atl aee if anything better cm be adopted.
Preeenl him with auch k echeme, and he
' Its an asilaavdia-vl inn .if at I a at aw s J naif I h flf I ft I. I
l'J all lilts- U 111 IUII ! PIHVVI J imt'ts vt tuw
line. Will the S .ulli be aatified with this?
The Senator from Mississippi (Mr. Davis)
haa said he will accept nothing short of a re
cognition nf (he right to hold alavea south of
(hat line, which proposition could nol com
mand over twenty votes in lhe Senate. I
nut non-action by Congress (ho beat policy
baltei in have nnn-actiun than lenda
interdicting lavery north of 36a 30',
and nu recognition of 11 axon t Is of that line.
Nn earthly power could make hnn vote lo in
iroduco alavery outh of 36J 30'; but if a ma
jnri'y decided that alavery ahould be interdict
ed north, aud recognised aouth nf thai line,
winch would bo but equal justice, however
much it would conflict with hia principle,
and feelings, he would he the laal to tn'erpone
any obstacle to il adoption. Out non action
by Congresa, a be pmpnacd, wa. the beat
policy . Il hnd been aaid that nun action se
cured everything Ihe North demanded; and
who wat In blame fur this? Not Congress.
If the people of California thought proper to
exclude slavery, that waa their own business,
and a policy they had a rigbi lu adopt. If
nature had rendered the toil of lhe real nf
lhal territory unlit for alavery lo exist there,
thore waa mine to be reproached save nature
and nature' God.
Mr. C. Ihen traced lhe hiatnry f thi. aa
lion from ita foundation lo lhe preaenl day; ita
vaat incteata in population and iu territory;
the gloiiou manner in which il had proecut
ed aeveral ware, and Ihe brilliant renown it
had gained through the galantry, ikill and
achievement of it officer. The event of
the lata war, and the conduct of the two great
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