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118,13; 40.3G0 200,000 SjO.OOO 120,000 80,000 Gj.POi) i. Po. Do. interest pays. r emi snrumllv, and principal, by ineial. ri, of WU.OimJ. on 1st January, lfil. : .'.3, lsi.1, and the residue let Jan, 1354. : Italanre due the Literary Kurd lor ii.t amount, okJ hv tin Public Treasurer .oiEtimetoliir.e ; intern payable annual, y, principal at tl.e pleasure of the Gov. rnnifn!. 4 ISonds of the rublic Treasurer, given lo the President ami Directors of the Liter. ry i'und. for .'ike amount transferred to '.. I'uMie Treasury : interest payable an- ,:;v. princrpil l the pleasure of the wovcfiiment, j. Mite Honds. issued by Public Tree- i-er tJ py the Banks, Sit, by resolution. f the last Assembly; interest payable . -ini.amua ly. principal after 10 years, li Uy endorsement of Wilmington and !' ilcja liai'.road Bonds by act of 1813 .-erust payable semi-annually, principal by ...'alinnt of $50,000 on letJau'y., ltfjl). ,-'.r.,l. 1SGL 16:1. 1861 7. !tock in Fayslteville and Western I'lauk Koad ; interest payable eeini annual iv. principal after 20 years, ' b. Slock in Deep Kiver and Cape Fear Navigation Company; interest serai annu. ;ir, principal to be provided for, 9, For ain't appropriated by act of 1S43 for improving Neuse and Tar Kiver j inter. ,tt payable semi annually, principal to be tirtviilatl for. 10. For Stock in tlie " North Carolina P.aii Koid " by act of 1845 ; one fourth of which is to be paid when tho work shall be commenced, and the remaining thres I jurths in equal instalments, at intervals of .ix months thereafter; interest P'J'able ....; .!1. nrinooal after 30 Tears, 2,000,000 11. For money borrowed from the Bank of Cape Fear. Thus it appear, thai the liabilities ui ms Str, already existing or aulWiati, a iii .unt, in principal money, to $3,520,052. Vad tlicro will be required to pay the inter, est wt this sum. w ith one instalment of prin cipal before stated for the year 151, the sum of SH9.000. And in like manner for t'ie year 153-1, 207,000. In this cal culation of interest, the Slate's liability or, the Wilnting'on and Rtleigh Hail R .ad bands is uut included ; for a that ompiny have heretofore paid prompt !v the interest on their bonds, their impro ved condition is a safe guaranty that they will continue to do so. This calculation is Mieilii-.ieJ unon the assumption, that the Stale will be called upon for the first instalment of r,er stock-subscription to the l Noith Caro lina Rail Road " in the beginning of the en suing year, and for the other instalments at intervals of six months, as allowed by Ilia charter. And upon the further assumption, also, that tha residua of the Siste's subscrip tion for slock in the Fayelteviiie and West cm Plank Road Company, in tha C.pe Fear and Diep River Navigation Company, and the appropriations for Neuse and Tar Rivets wi.l be called for at an early thy. Dj! we hate seen that the surplus in the Treasury, after the payment of the regular demands, will be SGO.OOO ; while the increased demand upon it for the year 1-51, will be ?14'JO00; and fur lha year 1S.12, S207, UU0: aDd.of course, that the State will le quire for the year leol, over and above the whole amount that may be rmsed by the nrt-scnt revenue basis, the sum of 50,01)0; and for U52, the sum of Si 17,000. Or.it may bu staled thus: Amount required to pay Stale's liabilities and interest for lSil, UW0:i Add ordwary expenses for 1-al, laXWJ tt.uuo Icdacl probable rcceip's at tin Treasury t,rratA,nj to nreseut revenue ur i 11, j n a -... l.i..i..4 ia inwpai rina uiilre iium j . . . lea. v pjeru riau'iim . ---- " . .... : j r..:,u ,t .rid af-er t successful accumulation of its ..on tompulsory, r "ul " "" i "eod. Vn "ct ... Jassed in the ve.r 1840, in .11 .he count. e.. the fund would be .o .ug o WeblnJ i LiL o Cmmoo School. ...d mented .. to incre.se the number of .choot. ..tubli.b.ng.sste'i.)imi , , , fc ,,cth of time they might le dlrtC''"?elAT"rr:r:;i oa .f kept up. Ku, it is believed th.t there i. no ameni m a , , ., ,hl, ,UB Pcl. Some of the lo the fact that, fcy counties, with commendable spirit, levy .fair lax, others ley a very email wnc, iio viy manv of the countie. Iey no lax at an this Fund. I rll vaur attention iho law of lS.'o, this lund w.. aet .pan 10. the education of the outh of the Slate, and . Legislative pledge was therein given to the public, that the annual income " thauld bt di vided Off amon; " the eovn'in in proportion to Ihe free vhile population of "tack." In the year 140, when the .yetem was nut ino operstioo, this chvieion wss oidered i kn mnrie aenonr ihe Counties, not in pro portion to their vhite, but ftderal population. Bv this i recess, tnose couimre iu mo J . . l -. kni containing a sparse no popuiuo few white childrsn to educate, yet cooi-mmg many slaves and free negroes, receive the larg arts? rtnrtinfi of this oublic bounty : tihile those r . '. . i-.: I ceunlms having a large wnue popu.auou ...u many childrrn to educate, yet having few slates and free ni;roe, receive the .mailer share. This arrangement I hald to be wrong. This common Fund baring been provided nnd e'e signed for ihe education, not or the neb, nor of (be poor, exclusively, but for all white children of the State alike, ougni, in my juuS mcnt. to bo divided equilly amont thetB, whether their residence happens to oe, or rroi to be in a coitirout.iiy holding slaves ad free nearoes. . It shou'd be borne in mind that the capital from wh ch this annua! income proceeds was not raised by taxes on Fe.eral population, but from other sources of public revenue. The argument, therefore, that this distribution should bu made amona the people according to f.der.l numbers, beccuie it as derived) from them cn lhat basis of taxstien, is without foundation. As to the argument that . portion of the capital as ireetved from the General Gov- ern'nenl in tier oniriuu iuii dujuuk is of the surplus revenue, and that should orlh Carolina be called upon to retund trie (none), it would be rsteed by truing Federal popula tion, it is a sufficient atm'er, that at this late diy.no man lenously enteitains the opinion that the S ate will ever bo ca'led on lo refund lhat money. And, moreover, it musl be burao in nuud thai lhat portion of this surplus re venue ahich constitutes a part of our Liter rv Fund, was invested in the s'ocks of the Bink of the State and of Cape Fssr, and if a return of il stia I becoino indispensnb.e, lhat it can be reaa ly effected by a tracer or sale of the stock, ad not by the imposition of tax es of any sort. , Jjl I sh .ll nut detain you wiih ansrgumenl , f n-.ii a! o:'. The ru e adoptrd by the disiiibution Act of 140, carries on its face aviolation oflhespir ii and ob'.Rct of tl.e injunction of the Consu lt, t inn . ISA biertcli of the pub'ic faith given by l .,, .t,i,i,f l'2.i: is at variance wnn Hence it results that in those countie., de. pendent solely on the Literary Fund, the .urn they receive, when subdivided among a large number of school district., is so small lor each that many of the districts have no chol at all and derive no bemht Irom ine provision. Carolina, exhibit the fruit, of an .wakened sensibility, .nd point with unerring certainty and force to tho prosecution end completion of other, not yet commenced. The extension of the North C.rejin. Rail Ro.d East and Wcsi, connecting il.on one hand, with the commerce of the Atlantic O cean, and, on the other, with that great cur rent and stream of intercommunication in a high degree forming the ligament. nd arte ries of the National Union, must occupy a prominent poMlion in any scheme promising lo ennoble .no improve mo suit. Other works, more sectional in iacir cr acler, will readily present themselves to tho favorable consideration of those more imme diately intHrested in them. To what extent ii will be prndent at this time to embark in new works of internal improvement, until . t i, i t.- .,;,Ia,1 f,,r ilia anipte mean.snaii nave men piuiu faithful and eneigotic completion of those .! . . ' i.. ...i!..;.,.rl .nA undertaken, it is not for It i. believed, that in many pari, of the "-J -"--Stale public attention has not been sufficient- j ' J' --.,.,- ne)ad. Iv .wakened to the great impor.anre and ' . VX?a blessing, of the limited and partial instruction '1 he R.letgh .nd X"" even, to the rising generation, which may be rmw the properly or the Slate, will e lain, that obTamed in the.e .dioole. ..' " wh.ch is due to , . .. well f om the .. . . . . , , , e.i i.: . t n. ,ii.raiinn uf its convenience .nd value to Uur peop le do not laae noiu oi ma euiyrti v. .i r.f . . ..r . ' - ... rnn uortion of the btate a. on account oi witn tnai energy anu spirit ruui r . .....l-.i -" - i i labor anJ consumed more limn, than was an ticipated. Since the completion oi mo sur vey the Engineer nd bi. assisl.nt. have been en-aged in waking .uch map. pr'fil and description of the Road, a. would be in dispensable to the Slate". Agent charged with letting out and auperinteiiding us con struction. ' . This hasd.-laved tl.e report of the l.ngi nrer and Commissioners, .ad no agent to contract for and superintend the wo.k has been appointed. , l i- I shall mske you . special communication, transmitting a lopocraphical chart of the Turnpike, together with cqiy or the rept.it of lh. se fuiictionanes, .howing the cost of their work and the expenses of the party in detail; and suggesting aome at- Uerntinnsin lue law ttiiicn bio kh"' needful. . li nroaenl. I call the attention of the Leg :.i....r. in r inin.irtaiit inoirv connected ocean, is of vast importance to the agricultural in. tercets uf a Ur;e suction of North Caruliua, and iinportaiil also U enerl Commerce. Il is a o erli iully spnartaminc to and sinioenllv deserving the altiniou f ihe General GtfVeroineut, and should be pressed upoaj the attenlioe el t as. (tees with a pertinacity aud Xnal that sbeuld com mand success. Surely it cannot be that the General Cuvernmetit will pae over unheedid forerur Ihe urgeut deinaad of a Mate, not atkinj; chaiiiy or private buunly, lut the ext-cution of a work so tsjjutul lo the ener.l wel.'aie uf the Country. Revised Statutes. I recommend a nw Kuvisal of the Statute Lam of the State. 1 he List tdition lise been appropriated, and no new copies of Ihe w ork can be tibtaiusd. The I'ublic Urticers and Mafisirales of Ihe new counties taiiBot be supplied. 1 1 lias now been lt year a aiuca the laws were revised many changes have been made and new laws passed within that po. riuil. Tho Statute l.ans el the Slate should be re. visud by a body of competent Commissioners, their d.feits pointed out, amendments suggested, tl.e . usw eels collated and arranged ueder their epera. trials heads, and tho woik placed in such intelligi. with thi. subjecl. Among tlie runu. Bj'PrV U and cunvonient form, that the laws can be readi. nrialed and pledged for the making ol inis ? r,furrti lt and understood by tho I'eople, Geological and nineralosical Survey. I Dope I shall bo pariloncU ler preesisg opoo ins will be remembered that OI me nine attention ol the Iulature tl.e oil reiicraiee recom. . .pint oi ad- , inendatien t maltiec provision lor a fno.ojicai auu i'. 33,000 eJ.Odd lieficit to be troviiled fur lcil. la like manner it may ba thon tnat t..e (itficil for 11 will bj $M7,0'J0 Theoe results wi'l he chansfrd, to some ex tent, in favor of the Treasury balances, by the. comrng in of ihe deferred tixes imp. i,cJ on sundry articles in the 7th section of tlie revenue act of the last session. liut no provision has yet ba-n made for raisieg the mtiiiey for tlie p.yment if the rtsidnVof the Stale's stock subcriptionto t'.a iaep River and Cur Fear Navigation Company, of 8G0,O'U'J, mid this amount must U- added to the want, of tha Treasury. To meet lhe-e demands, which can now le neither avoided n r postponed without public dishonor, provision must he made by the Geneial Assembly now in session. In tdJition to this requisition for interest, prompt steps should b? taken for the estab lishing ol a sinking tund lor tne gradual ex tinguishment of the principal of the Slate's debt, to avoid the insupportable pressure up on tho people, if it be postponed till the prin cipal shall fali duo 'I he most urgent inqui ry, however, at present, is, how era ihe semi annual instalments or interest to ba metl Br creatine new loans and borrowing mon ey thus increasing ihe debt by compound in nrinciDal and interest every six mouths? ---or- 1 success. A general iisiiessness p. wane. Those that can afford it, send their children elsewhere to school, while the poorer classes keep their, at home to work. Throughout the State you see everywhere on the high ways school house deserted, the doors brok en from their hinges, and the grass growing in the vard. Whv is ihisl UesiUa those already alluded to, one prominent caute.Idoubt less, i. the difficulty of procuring proper Teacher., qualified by education and good morals, to direct the young. Our men pre fer, for the most part, more active employ ment. Let female Teachers then be patron ised and employed. They would be satisfied with smaller compensation, while their .oft and gentle manner., purer morals, greater tact in instructing young cbiliiieri anu taming Ihe wild and stubborn, fit I hum in a peculiar degree for this tllice. In some of the counties, I am happy to be able to say, that iheir schools are well man aged and are accomplishing, win marked ef lect, the beneficent result. aimd at by ihe laws, and it is lo be hoped that such is the case in others. But there is no official in formation upon the subject, and wnat 1 design to say is, that the very want of this inform ation demonstrates the absolute n-r.essity of some radical amendment. This necessity suggests the expediency of creating a new officer in the Goverment.to take the general charFe of this wholo business, in scordsnce with! the practice in other Stales, and with the earnest and repealed recommendation of i you in my predecessors. j This t flicer might be des:gnatd the Min ister of Public Instruction, or the General Superintendent of Common Schooli. It should be made his duty to examine all lh public! schools in the State, ascertain the length of time each district school is kept up, the Hum ber and qualification of Teachers, the mode of instruction ; to direct the arranjemenl of school houses, and procuring proper school hooks, the settlement . tnfmni oi ine financial droartmetii ; and bo should be re quired to make a report to the legislature u;ion all these matters, with such obsf rvations as enpfrierice might suggest, upon the gener al condition and efficiency of our sy'?m, and the most practicable means of improving it. The duties of such nn officer would be lubori- ould In il ea the Slate's properly The tuperslructuie ef the road, both of iron and wood, is in .very dilapidated con dition, ai d extensive repair, are absolutely indispensable to its further use. The com missioners to whose care the Legislature committed it, have, with wa'chful diligence .nd with ihe tTif idiiI aid of the IVsiJont and the other officers or the Road, kepi il up ; ; and by curtailing expenses, reducing salaries and enforcing the strictest economy in all it. departments, have been able lo continue it. operation, without msking it a nig ur ine Siaie. lis receipt, for the year 1441), have been equal to anout cui.iou, mm io. the year lSjO, S63,0o5, the whole of which ha. been consumed in tne orainnry tunc.,. expenses, and ui the purchaso of new repairs. To enable vnu te understand the tru slate and .ituation of this property and to legis late intelligibly upon the sulject, the Hoard of Commissioner, empltyed Mnj. 8. M. Fox, an engineer of tkiil and experience, to examine the whole line of the road and its appurtenances, the grading. Ihe superstruc ture, the Brtrlgos, Depots, Engines, &c. ic, and to make a repoit thereon. Tai. will present . more reliable and satisfactory ac count of it Ihnn could be giveo by the Board f Commissi! nets, or the t Pikers of the Ruad, are .11 the debts now due the Slate for the sales of ihe Cherokee lands It .l la w. m made. wiicii ,.,- .- . i,..neralo,cal aurvev of Ihe Male. I venture and speculation, wnc ,.r..--v- . , - of ' tui lrli jnad, lL.t ' i o. i.,i v,An,fl'jAniii vnhinanv . , :. ..r l.tilieu ciai'-e, no ". j i thia shall be no longer pesiponea. i lie sjgacnj ui in the purcha?e uf these lands ; while others, ur ,tai,.,roen tltirtjr yre aji foresaw its advents, stimulated with the desire In retain their i rs. and Nerlb Carolina was the very first Stale in . ,, . m: , imi.rnvementS euleied Ihe I'nion that took up (his snhject-a small appro. humble dwellings ,m"n-'tevtMlonm.. .ad...ndthe fiol-woreof ourl'n.v.r. also into the competition vf bidders, and inai , 4lffmal ,r. , on, ,,.on. w'io ihe land sold, in some instances, for tenlo.tf i .nl,r.d th,e iui.re.lnii field. in all for nricrs far b.M odd its value. While, vv'ith tie limited mesne al their coeamand, during . i ' j r .1. Siaia hud beea the ehort intervale ol t. olleee vacations, onouijn on. per acre to others, these have been sold at from tAree to thir'y dollars per acre. Impressed with a knowledge of these facts, the Legislature has from time to nrne gron.ru i ,.,, , London, such 1 what has been letl undone Historical Documents. ' A llesolulivn was passed at the last session an. Ilinnung the Governor te procure from tlie pul.lio cumenta misting le tlie indul-etce in the collection uf these debts. In Icelomal and Evolutionary history of N-mhCaro. ihevear I'll an set was passed establish-; lina. a. might be found worthy of preserved -the year 1 - i l, " ct I , j ., , tee9alpun, ti l. in 1. e moet uti.f.ctory m.nner, ,ng a Bjard of Auditor, to inquire ami ma. , Uni!erto ,(lt ,.rItl.nl 0 i B.,...,T. uri. report as lo ."Ivent and insolvent purchasers, j( sw,in, In. appumtmeat and agenry centem. and allowiU" those who were found to be un- in the K.eo'uiion. lie inanifesiad an aen.ut j able to pay. lo surrender tnnr tanas to vn-,.i.ire 1or.rr, ou. P .. .. v.-.- iron and a"' 3 . .i ... k...u ... h. runrelled he done bv anv riaenble ilsvotion uf lime and au a.a.e, uirrcnnK "' , ,tnll0(l t inconipaitkte with hie pr.imount eu- 1 nn.1 nr. i red un. a."v.'i:'. - i .....ni. ll S ;b ,1 it-euin. however, oe. mi fhi hr vnotl. FV virtue of this ct, , . -.,,, irf.J. iu aeie'taii. what nnrlion of Ihe a larce alnouiH of these bonds were returned j joc en'arv intonmimn dcired. might be obtaiced to Iho purchasers, and they were released ' at h-me. I on. .Irrahl. an-loot un.ucc.sful. at. to ino purcnaee , .... ,i,t,.a k.s been d.vot.d le d..,.,lie research, and from their contracte. In the year uiu, mi ,r,ru!, ihn, .bum. d will be pr.esrved lor ihe Other act was passed for the relief .l ,rie ' UM 0r our fu.ur, i,.nrian. The .genl informe ms same class of debtors, by which they were al- I ,hll (, ,,,,,, ,rL ,,,-h knowlrdge of the soorc.s Inwi-d the rinhl of preemption T said lands ! win, h nM m eur ewe muetry as will enable ima lowtotrie ri J asses.ed br the to examine with proper imelicenee the arehivee of al the fair cash valuation, asses.ed ey me, J. ,n lb u fyc,,Mr. said Bjard of Auditors. , -'ful'y enter upon the d rfy at an ear'y day, if such WLy thiediseriminatioa between purchsssr.T li ,ulll , i,e pt.a.ure ol lite General Aewmibly. the pr.ocipal debtors, who were .M. u, ,;.y in. j VlshlnrtOrt Honument -.- It' . Buard. or by any committee o in. i.n .... co.W,ng b'ock.of marl-. rspurrnaM hjr.sm and ' and rrranite to reprusenl taeai in the nel.le National a short time, together willl a repoit "'n" " ' ;""..,. rr.a: ilian tl.e land ! Monument now being .reeled in memory of Wee . of the President of .he Road, and lb. pr i i' terdinc or .he Bwrd of Commissioner, lor Iil0ntT, lnd , ro..y .-. b, rendered mesrup. ey ( t I",...,.!, ol the Mate, ."nd r. scng m the two years last past. , operation T . f w f. , ukt fB -r ,., , ..... rl:.i.U Ol. flled Stale.. J'''. ,1" . Tr' ; . Ihem : have the State of Nona t ar.l... ale. repre.n.l.d of an ,11 j idgnd or ru.nou. .pe o,. ,n ih.s l.hal losn or re.pi to me 1 1 . 1 1 . .1 L ' In sccordante wi n a resolution auopieu ,0 ,)lB fu:flmtI1, atire to 'tion. the he rule in o her Southern Mate. ; omoes ino fund not accrrdirg to ihe public necthsity, but ihe ueuUi of the people, and is in ilsell une (l'lil and unjust. I recoimrend therefore a change, by law, ,f ihe bt.is of dis'r.bulion of the Common Sho1 Fund: That henceforth ihe .ami shall be divi.fd among the Coun'ies in pro. portion to the.r number of white people or whi'e ch.liiten, m.d not in proporiiou io ,n rr.l computation cf white people and sieve. and free nerots cou.b ned. Bat this system is deUcient, not only in its oryamzition, bit in accountability, uniformity nd its general uinBgaieiii. I- ,.r a fierioi 1 of ten years, about S90 000 hate ben plar.f-d annually in the hands of tho ; various school committees of the Stste ; a sum larger than the whole amount of the State's Revenue paid into ihe Tublic Treasury during lhat period. This large sum, forming an eg- ..i. . .,il,nn nf il'iil,. rs. has zregaia o. - . . . ' . , n..lv r., , ,nn..ini one for each ithmthis briet perieu Been spin., ami ,c ..v -u ,.. - , .-- r - a .i i . ' - - t l..amlJif rolnttrir JL State's Cairn .g.ir.., the Uenera! Gov-1 ...a, .e ....h Zfi ernment, for money advanced, n-l iranspor- v,,,.,llI)n i,e relieved from the etce.a. tatton lurnisned to me Lorin t-iromis j.. ti cou:,t you will secure u.e ipe..:y s.u tha recent war with Mexico, al anmtnl ef n,;, p, r.ciod indnbteOne.. tni long tei. not to eppros any inl ol Kslablish then a new board ol auanor., unteera in early day after ihe adi .uri.menl of the As- , ed su' joct , gr.nt fair and I -onest rel.ef to ae ' 'PF' T.i. I ,l '..n,-ir,Il!ura ed but p.tnoiie pp'e. end .l.- h so 'l stii.u.v,. p.ovu.vu -r -l.,.. -,, bv the eenir.rvei. rtmg pro-., Office the vouchers and papers pertaining to ( m an(j f o, olhf r , 0(J,P l0 e0 ! ..!.,-. f.., ,!,. B.nersl wrec k. to shaadon Iheir ous. and the salary should be such as w command the most eminent qualification., j $D,4G7 73. , ...j.. .1...I .,,..:... I ko mnn.h (,f nril cntuiiii'. I was ana engnge unui.iueu s in..iv.. . f jn ad.'.iiie'., acrording to ihe reports ight be ennrgen upon - imc oy ine secono aujuoi, ...a. ;,,,, , !sr,e quantity of lhi !sr. ould oe pun u( ,,,, s jU nol ,!.,, ct t. ii,. .ntr teneral treasury: and it would b returned .T ,bo Ac, O U.M.. - -1 f 5nefou. inJ e,U.t. her. nntl, .".her. ,m. p.-t. , he meeting ef tr,e I Ins Claim oftfc.. rmi,llieri,,rn of ,J., j,.l.,u,e. : l..g..l.ie.. Uing tl.. n.ar .1 h.i.,1. I l....,.d .1 the ciaim. and caused them lo be presen in ihe War Drnar'meiit at Washineton, for ' Lome.: to n-nl ihe SSisl", and leave nothing at la.t ihe pavmentof the principal accordini: to ihe provisiots Conrress upon that subi'-ct. 'I the State amounts, in principal money, io . r,, i; orti.isI ..i.s. ail ei ir.e t i..-oee i.nu. ..... estimated lo be worth tweniv eenis por ic., . r,o! .ur.aved and effered for s.ie ; sad Iber. remain. in eil.'.iiien. aceording te the reports of the Mne.'s His compenatien might be charged upon tided by ihe .econa auuuor, inai inn um ; t m u q,nlllt 0f ihso Isr.ds ti.e prcpny .l. r r. vmA ..J i rir.wa rem tna , x. o.i had l.uen a nwea arn wouiu on" i ..r ,i,. w ,,. .i ri te l ie entrv la-r s. .oa :jr inn i. IE i v , - ..i. in" w.- . - - , ...w...-. r'sti.er ef Ins f 'minlre.' I It was m; ls gn te p-oc.ire a blo k of nat.vt 'white intit.Ie. ar.a cause it lo be emUI'istied wit'i I the name of t!-.e Slate and l:er Coat of Arms, snd 'send It onto Washington City, to lake its sprno. ' pr.at. p'.ai-e in l!.e i.rsi.'.e e'.sirway of Ihe Obelisk. Upon n.ak.ng my wishes known, a pairiotic aso. ciaiion ol Iho g.rillciiiu-ii iii l.inro'n County claim. I w! lo .;'i Ihe plrure and priV.'e. of furnishing a block from f e Lincoln nJry, ami ine.r ornr was aocep'r-d In c.nee.'isi..-e of eme fsi'ur.s it Q.i.nvmi out a blo' k of soil.ibl. diirnei.-ii. and to lhat fund in ten fold value, by imputing healihfulness and vigor, and efficiency to the system. The Inst General Assembly seem, to have been fully aware of ihe necessity of some gen eral supervision; but while they declined to authorize the appointment of one general su pervisor at a reasonable salary, they aumoriz. adeq'ia'e provision has been made, much less enforced, lor even lulorming vue peopio o representatives what has become of it, or how it has been spent. The 1'ies.der.t and D.rector.ol the Altera ,i V.,nA m i.bod.ence to an act of the last es- sionof the (.ei.eral Assembly, compiled and .ml.hshed. pod cauted to be circulated through out the State, six thousand copies of a pamph let containing an abstract ol" the Soheul laws, together with an appendix of prtcedeni. and appropriate forms (T returns. In this, it will be .eeo tnav tne uiiauinao County, at a .ilary of $230 each; with power given to the Courts to lay . lax to pay i'. In my judgment it is much better to have one general superintendent, competent and responsible, at an evpense of $2,000, paid ..i. nf thn l.itersrv Fond, than lo have rn- J . J: J U .IiaI ty nine superinienaems oispcrsro unuK.. ... ( Si.iin. without concert or union of design nnd j nion at an arrerceate expense of $19 700 . until the termination of the .tssion per annum, drawn, too, from the pocket, oi ihe people by taxation. Our common school system, then, regard- led either in the light of the patriotic and no uron proper application, while the residue of tt,, d..p. sal of which no prov.s on has been made the claim had been relucted. Whereupon, All of th. lands havi.g. ly the " ' " , ,. , . , s...,., V r I session, teeaapproprut-a te the ronstrurlion of Ih-a 1 sdiressed .letter to the Secretary ol War, 7 nv,il0n ,Sinu!d t mid, ., .,. i . I. . t. - .. .1. nr iUi. ilwi.inn . . t a RCSiring IO mow ine pr.iuuue n... . fuf u e hrinmg or f.e w! o e ol ii.em. surt.y-.i r.i and to learn whe'her it were in my power j unT,, d, ).,n market, il.it th.ir val ie m.y he to rcmoe the objection. His reply t.'rrni- realnsd'and made available for the purports derlar noted our correspondence upon the sut.jct, " 11 and at an earlv dav after the commencement 1'a yrltMille a.l rat ril 1 lank of the late session of Congress, I addressed a circular lelier to each cf cur Senators snd Representatives, calling their attention to the matter, and inviting their co.opeia'iou in having payment of Ihe claim provided for by an act of Congress. A bill was accordingly rtomi. Uy an act of tha l.st s-s.ion of tho Genera! As psnr-ly, ebap'er r3. entitled en actio incorpoisto the Fayctleville and Vy'est.rn 1'l.n.k llod Cvmpa. ny, Ihe I'ublic Treasurer was r"'iirtd to suhsrri'je, in tho narnosnd on behalf of the Mate. o Ihr-e fiilhsnf Ihe ca,-itl lnrk of said company aiiiuurit to the s un ef tlb'.O'rd : sml In enable u.e ivaie ti,n- .1 n.ru.n to .wait vour eleature and action in tne pre.t.iH... .No s.pr ..riatin. having heen maile for eipen li. Im re. on ruih ec. int, portion ef lheetp-n ue. cenr.ly incu reJ lue tx-.n pid by me, and I am poison.l y r-pmsiti!e r. r the rn.e ie. The vouch. ere er; ready l..r your i.i.-lion. Ine Mock now at f.e Itai'roid le,t, end it will arte. 1 p ea.'.re to rece.vo your direction, lo have il I. r warded to its p!a -e of d.st.i.t'inn. Forelo-it Communicatlor.s. In the rVc iiisraeii A, a coii.pa'.yinf th s m-s'ij:". are .undry co-nmuunrM.ons which II bue.mn wj ilulv t-i lay heioro ycu 1. J'roni Secretary of Flute nf the t'niled Statis. i!- ri' g to he f.irm.hsd w.th to, iss of our Acts of Ariii' ly liom the ymr IMO lithe piesent t.m, arid enMng li.al .r,v,.inn bemad, for future suj ptv o. from I' e Stile of F'ori.ls, donring tn be n plied wiUi Ihe :..o:la ol our hupreme Courl prwr lo 1" l.V 3. from the ('n'ral ..iliiority of the lluj al om. in. introduced in the Senate bv lion. Mr. lad- ; ,- k.r ,,-,J .absrr.uiioii. Ihe Treasurer wvs re. I ,,,,,i.r.. ret .t.ri; iu Ihe sdm.es.en of li.e prn-J.ii- L-er it was parsed by that body and sent to; ijuirod from time In nine. s. t' e money ehouM be 1 (,,, 0f AM.erisn An sad i...i i.try al Ihe In hi1"- r, ri . . r i;u.....n.nil. .!., u re. callnl for, to ..me innrts, iino.r me gr.n .4. oi ,, f u.on i neu ai i.niiaoii in n.y, . . the louso of Rep.esen.nMves, whrre ,1 '10 si4ie, s.nd by the Governor and counter, sn- I 4 J iom 1 ...... ,(,p,, r.Uloie to granting lo,-.' ma ned, without any tinal action r.ad upon li, i ..,,. and to . onvert ih.rn into ch. i i. , .. i.,r;cr, ,d 4,i oi iho War of 'I .,,r . T... f..r lisreiurea, tne eemanu upon ' ' , ' Lr November in each year, to report m -r. tuitou. and not likely to be repeated, such a plan might, with some, be allowab.e. but here is .sum which must bu rained for many consecutive years, and until some return shall be yielded from the profits uf our public works. It is loo plain for comment, thai the temporizing policy of borrowing money to pay iolerest will ba disastrous to tha State, will impair her credit, and may reuuc r,er, sooner or later, lo the ignommous and dis lionest conditien of repud.ation. An absorbing crisis i.as artiv.-d in the fi nancial arTair. of the State, which requires tha ericreetie exercise of all the caution, wisdom and patriotism of the Representa tive, of tha poop'e. I have fell it to be rry inispnsrib'e duty to lay thi. important subject thu plainly .! fore you. On you, ari l you alone, roil the task and responsibility of providing the ways and nvtetw for paying the dubts, sustaining the faith and credit of the State, and f r pre serving untarnished her character for plum dealing and honesty. Common tSchools. tinrr to the IV.tdent and D, rectors of the la it erary Fund a ccpy of hi. school account, au-j di'ed and si.-uied by the committee of Finance or Ihe cletkol ti e' County Court of his coun ty, together with the numbet of children in his cuuiry, the nou ber taught in the schools the preceding year, and the length of time the .,-V,f.U have ben k-i.t up. Yet this duty has bi'n perfirwd by nly 'en tupenntendent throvghoitt the iWe Slu'e ; ai d I am alto ge'.bcr unable to give you the information re rj jired on thee- points, or to make satisfactory exhibit of ihe dispnsitiun which has ben miide it anou d u5 . . ... , . 11. L..I u. the Bjard of Supeiintendenis in each county hie pu'poses intended io do accomo..."- -j ithm fitteen daye oi tne tust uay ir.ur conquer row r--r direction and lair disbursement oi so larg" sum of public money, rtquires thorough re vision and amendment. Having been a member of the Literary Board from its first organization, and havinp bestowed some attention upon this subject, I feel, in conclusion, fully warranted in iflcom mendint!, as the most effectual means of at- laining ihe ends referred to, the appointment of a general superintendent of common schools for ihe State. The President and Directors of the Lite rary Fund will, in due lime, submit a report, showin" in dvtail the stale and condition of this Fund, and the proceedings of the Hoard In ,".lv!irire to the rroriirenii'tils of U. is Mtiln'.-, 1,.riiis lIlH DMi.dui.cv of Ihe bill before the ! hum's to t. amount of 'J) UOU, lo the) lit Ni.v.-m. I House of Ret.re.entat.Vfi, 1 was Bgiin noti ber in.tant, have bean issued and li.e pro;.. ,!. an . . . , j i , . ,i , ,u ,l,li..,,l ulicd as . irecled, leavi g an srii iur.l of l.U OOU lo fi,d by the 2,.d auditor, hat he .d.li.mn.l , thMfl,r , c ,. Bnd on ,.... sum ol KllJU nan oen niioweu ni m . u.' . s . ,rj ti, 'n. ..ih.net will i "g o' re. .. ... , f I , .11... fi rrnl to in II e liepr.rt ol II a uoaru ... ib"i'i pruvemenl, which will be prrg..ll al au . ar'y -liy. C:in I'var :nl I' l Hivcr avi sniinis uiiiniir. In obs.licnce to another a.-l ol lh last erfition, Chapter '.I-', rerpurir.r; Ihe Governor ol Ihe Male, upon ceruin lermn, con.lt ions, and limitation, therein eiprewd, lo sub.r-rihe. in Ihe nam. snd on hchalfof U.e Stale, lor ononr uicsiorao. ine No s'rns have been token to pluce thirsu pal- j Iry sums in the Treasury. No vulid reason can be hrwn why this claim of North Caro lina should ba ri-j-cted, while similar claims from other Slates have been freely allowed and paid. Utstrrii Turnpike nntl Clicrolte S Slile. An act waMSSCd at Oijr last session " to' Capo rear snd llcep lliv.r Navigation Company I I I e I ack .ge m. An act wa hs.c. ai o i i.av. mud. a sub r,pt,n or. the ll.mka.le... of XoLcs d ... i r t uu ur a a ui " i - . li'j .' From en Ainericnn Astop.tlion for eclvsn'S imoiiI of eiiieni'., it-Utii. In a Gwdn.i al r-urv ' Ih.i Countrv 11. l-r.ii.i Ve in. ..it, on a Itineau nf .crie.illure. 7. fiuM so.tli I'arotiua, on the ...ville Cu.t veiilt'.n ri. to. On the principles ef " Wilmol Vr v.o II l-'roin N-s Hampshire, Virin;.i, Maryla (in -n-ia. Co. inn. li-ul, .M.-aias'pui, Alin.ouri 1 I .rida. on .'-I .very anu log llve el jv s. 10. From A. Vall.niare, ti.e Agent of the Slits in P .ri, nn Ihe subject of inleiualioi.al, liter. rr, and .rri.o.iitic rxcha.ij.-e. ..1. anJ made 'au indispe.it.be p-e-r-n.....te to the j on other .uljecl. co.n.n.tled lo their manage nay men' te any county cf its iUota, in future, j merit that the cha imati of the board nl supunntrn j dxn s shou d iile wuli the L'terary Uoardj a copy of all bis account., audited and psised upon, t icrier with his report of eta tis'.ics as rrquirr-d by law ; and ihe Public Treasurer a'.ould be prohibiti d from paying out iIih money without a certificate from the i l. that ih.s rule had bom cumplied with. At present there :. no .pecific oiuhs pointed en ichtened bony, it wou-d U a wa rr io press upon y&ur al'-r.'ion, or to olhsr argu nicnts to prove the vaSuu of a wise and iibra avstein of oopular education. It is tho shnet- anchor and ba: of republican Lbertv. D-ei ly impressed wiih this truth, the Frarner. of our Government engrafted it in r.ur Cuiistitn lion a. a eolcmn injunction upon Ihe I'.iople's IlsDresentalive. that "Schools ihould be es tablished for the convenient ios' ruction of .,.rl ith e.irh salaries to th. Masters as uight enable th.m to instruct at le prices." in tu.s age .t imeuectuai i'. '" . ' . . :. j . .... j, ,.t . B.,.i-., ,h. middle T thellih cnniury, and to tin. ou . nn r . - . i,tc of words "-"" .o-r-. " the sever-il coun'ies io bhu. k.h au-um. Thoie whochnos" to do so, Submit them to ihe committees of Finance or County Courl 1 t::.r'.e: while those who latl to oo so, escape ' ' . , r ......... j lorleiture or censure. It may ue saieiy siaien ; lhat thousands of dollar, remain from year to tear in the hand, of uperm'ndent ; .nd il a rigid .etilement were enforced, the public would be astounded at the egfjregale suus thus withheld from its legitimale de.tinatien. The who'.e fund, .nnually di.tntjuiea, i Thi. previ.ioo in our IStrUCt at low uri.rc. . ---- fundim.nlall.w, from l-"-gb l'S. ! )l iaiM the P-W.c Internal Iinproremcnt. The Internal Improvcmnnl of ihe condilion the State, has been so repeatedly and earnest ly pressed upon the Legislature within the pest twelve yesrs, by my predecessors in of firs, that nothino new can be supsradded. The people are now demanding some relief for the exigency ol their waats, goon market towns within nur own borders, and the means of cheap, transportation In reach them. The day has passed hv for writing essays nn the impor ance of Rail Roads, and Plank Road., and nsvigsuie ivivere. i ne precin-n. results in other State, .round us, ofler their accumulated testimonyof the increased wealth .ml ef,trnrize which they conferllupni the people, and will expose to just ridicule and rnntfimiit a Stale that will continue to hul ...... her eve. unon the lifiht ol experience, ino fold her irmi in .pathy .nd .loth, when her very existence demand, patriotic, energetic and enlightened action. The public woik.oow in progress in North West, io tho line of the State of (.eorgoi." By this net, it was mule the duty ol the tn.y. . rrnor to appoint a con pe'cnlufid experier.crd j Engineer and three Cummissiotiers to survey : and locate said Road; and upon the repmtj of the F.ngineer and commissioners bumij presented to the Governor, it was made " nis duly further to appoint one of said Commis sioners, nr other suitable person, to aci as Agnnt nf the State to contract for, and super intend thu making of said Road." The demand, in the neighboring Slates, for m-n of science and practical skill in civil i engineering, for tln'ir various public works of luterruil Improvement., was snch, thai I met wiih some difficulty and delay in procur ing the service of a suitable Engineer for the woik in question. Major S. Moylan Fox at length presented himself, nnd being satisfied entirely nf hi. skill and fitness, I ap pointed him Lngincer, and Messrs. Andrew il. Shuford.nf Catawba; Joseph J. F.rwin, nf Rutherford: and George W. Haves, of Cherokee couuiy, Commissioner, under ihe act. Suhseqiieiitlv, Joseph J. r.rwin resign I l e I'ack.g marked 11 contains the reignor Piiare, Isndemd to Ibis l'i'H- snd n.i-ut siiirnthe Ut so-.i-in i,; i...t Couiunnv. I .r the lust innt iliii'i.t ol ? I'l.uun, the Public 'I'ren.iirBr hs paid over lo tlie Company Ihe .urn of fit), 001, as provid.-d for by Ihe Act. 'I lose llompinies sru progrs.sinj in Iheir enter-prri-s with great vigor and .uccea., and tlm residue , of the Mare's s.ibscr.ptiuo may be eXSCtt.l lo be cal.sd for in a shell lime. , Drill It ! 'Is'inlitrs. Ilavin? roceivod ofh ial uotice ot the d-alli of John Kaum, Ihe Srnator el.-cled in A.igu.l laal (or the county nf Wayn.. and of Jam-e Ton. Iinson, olio of Iho m. mteirs nf the Mouse of Commons lor lr a county ef Johnston, 1 have issn.d wnls of slenlien lo the Shei ill's of Iho.e counties re.peclively, Iu opn the polls si the diir-r.nt prerrructe, in ssid counti. e, to hold elections to supply these vacancies, accur. I drug to lair. j M:itnl:irl n:inrr. I Standard .Mounirs. for Ihe new counties and (or Chatham, (((.supply s loss from firoj have b.inn pro. ciir-d and iransmittrd, in pursuance of the act of the last aes.ioa of tho Gsneral Assembly. Club Foot and Harlow Creek Canal. In obedience to the Resolution of the last ISessn.n, reqiirsting th. Governor t. cause a conveyance lo le miide bv th. Clerk snd Master in fcqui'y f" li-.. I , . I.......I..., .J ll.r.rlor. nf ihe I ..,.1 l W..II .. " V" " ""--- - ,-; - . -,. . ' U1. , ..' .t .-rll.g. Ilo ird or Internal Improvemeni. ror me uso oi in. uisiii, on wuinii is a riraiiuini '' " . till Sr.te. nf all tha nrnnerlv in and appendant to Iho I Al-n. one euuare of unimiirovi'd lots, lying Club Font and Harlow's Creak Canal, which was ! South. e f part of aaid town i alw a v... i . it. ...i. iu r..F ;sr,.r!i.in. nn3 will, on n.p.c.t, be aid hedro juu by my lriv'- fe.rretary. I'lMuessing no power under our Consliluti''n nngiruie or p.r . iji.le in the flaming of our l1"'; I in vt!.-ili.'lu d-ity apprei-ialn the respunsi'i!itjr SM .... ..r , n..r Ma,i tnn - .,,,1 i'l wi'li errut r n'-r fulii'ss and In Ihe ulniot of my ability co u lhthe G. nnr.il As.e.i.t.'.v in i.roiuoling th. inU-ri.ts, Ihe hef.pinrsa and Ihe lienor ef the and in uphold., g the integrity end nationsiitj our irloiioue t'uiori. ...t- fc cHAiii.r.s MArav. ExrcurivK Prrts. tmpnt ok N. I!., t fari., iVue. I, leit). S .Notice. Wll.I, sell al I'ub'ic. A union al Ihe Court V U"J in t harh.lle, on the I7ih day of liicen b r "c .- . i .. .. irT. Hie ! l u iny v.uiuo Pvi I!.l.ur The I n now occiipiinl ay Ivumni Graham, on whiih i.efSJS" e.M.d ir.in.e duelling and other BecfSry tu.- 1 tin in fiw - I ii At. ed.and I appointed J.',. D. Austin, of Rowan, parcha-d in by th. Puhlio Troesurer j its .al.ma.le, I fp a C Tniuls . ' i .V. .... Th. ..torn r.f il,nby virtu, ofadecre. of the Court of Kquity of .aid 1 1.101 MAiXlli lo supply Ihe vacancy. Ihe extent of the reconnoiaance. and tho number of experi mental line, necessary to be run to deter inino the most eligible route for . Rnnd tra versing a succession of mountains, which had unavoidably to be crossed, required greater count v. lha s.id deed of Conveyance hss been duly executed and hied anion; l'i. vsmauts papers ni said Hoard. Nag's Head. The Construction ef aMnpt lunnl at nr near Nag's Head, between Alb.ru.arlo Mound and the known as tl.e McGinn mine tract, lying s"t' . , Ct.pps mine trout. A credit of ons snd tw J f will be given, by the pinthaaer giving bui.u p.-oved security, with iutcrcalfrum jpxoN- ( AorrB.ocr 13, IPoO.