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cm THE BROOD MARE. MILKING MACHINE TESTS. STAKED AN ISLAND. POULTRY? mm rsx IC.H.BAKNITZ , PA. . . kOBECSPONDINCE SOLICITED Copyright. 1909, by American Press Asso- elation. Theso article and Illustration must not be reprinted without special permission. KEEP LOADED FUR TROUBLE. The ole yaller cut hie chopi ia now licktn'. He' flHn hie claws to ketch a spring chicken. jietter run lur the gun an' load er up right. Jlet hit "lm ker-phink. 'Twill eerve the sneak rirfhu That ole Satan weasel's a sneakln' around To cut yur clicks' throats it they kin be -found. ' . Better git yur eteel trap; shet them chick ens up tlfht; He'll mebbe cum round fur a rooster to night. "Who's who?" shrieks old owl aa he whlrle through the air. "You you are the sneaker with big eyes tliut Blare. - We'll sot them steel jaws by s ben In a pen. You bet you'll not ketch my fat crowers again!" jist keep yur eye peeled fur that hawk In the skv. He's circltn' this way, an' soon he will try To grab a young turkey an' then away fly To the neat where his young una are hun gry on high. I'll not need to tell ye when ole skunk's around. Though he's not useter inaktn' an ocean of sound. He'll present the hull town with a fra grant Boeegay. An' the he'll skedaddle wKh fat bens fur I pay. When he's makin' calls an' bis wireless WAV Cans ye up of a night yur big roosters to Too. Many Scrubs Used by the Farm ers, 8ays a Horsemen. If a farmer Is going to raise colta that will gire blai a substantial bal ance on tbe right side of the ledger be must have a good grade of mare, as tbe stallion, no matter how good an individual or how well he Is bred, can not do It all. writes a horseman in Country Gentleman. ; . Havbig been connected with the breeding Industry for fifteen years in the care and handling of stallions foi public service in a farming commu nity, 1 find there Is a tendency among a great number of farmers to use their scrubs for brood mares Instead of tbe best tbey have, and In many cases tht best are poor enough, but when a man nas a good mare and then breeds a broken down cripple with about all of tbe "ornaments" that go with a blem ished horse instead be does not de serve to have good colts. I will not mention training trotters for racing, as that rarely pays an ordi nary farmer, but in my experience,! find that the trotting bred mare weigh ing from 1.100 to 1,200 pounds and standing from 15.3 to 16 bands in height, with good conformation and all around action, heavy bone and a good head, makes the best kind of brood mare for tbe farmer If he is going to raise carnage norses mat win sen ana at tbe same time do his work on the A Fateful Jack Pot.That Was Lost by Pierre Bottineau. At one of the most interesting games of poker ever played in Mia? neapolis Nicollet island was put in the jack pot by a man who. thought he understo&d the game, but found there were others who understood it better. In 1846 Pierre Bottineau took up a claim on the spot where . . . e i I St. Paul now stands. A year later he traded it for a horse and cow, which he drove away into the wil derness, never dreaming that the land he had almost given away would in a few years be the site of --i. t?. 11 t. a great cuy. tut i tmau eum uc purchased a large portionvof what lii Experiments of Tennessee Station With the Mechanical Milker. One after another the . experiment stations are taking up tbe question of milking by machine, with results not altogether in agreement, although gen erally favorable. The .conclusions drawn by tbe Tennessee experiment station are grouped under nine head as follows: . .'-;"':. " ' first Under couditlons existing during tbe. test at the station machine milking has been at least equal if not slightly superior to band milking. Second. Cnder average conditions a cow is miikea as clean wrca me ma chine as by hand. An expert operator can milk cleaner with th? machine At .ltt W knl man iue average uuu wi.i vj uauu. , , , r - . , ThlrL-If the teat cups and mouth l"c "UD r, " pieces are properly adjusted the ma chine is not Injurious to tbe teats and udder or objectionable to the cows. some even preferring It Feurth. The machines are not dim- cult to keep clean, and a high grade of milk Is secured when machines are used. If neglected, however, they soon become mtny ana are a serious source pf contamination. Fifth. One man running two ma chines is nearly equal to two hand milkers. There i Is a great difTerence between tbe number of cows different men will milk per hour. To secure thorough milking and rapid work tbe operator should follow the machines closely to see that each cow is milking properly. Sixth. Successful milking with ma chines depends upon the proper fitting of cups and tnoutb pieces, the operator being sure that eacb teat Is milking before going to tbe next cow and thorough manipulation of tbe adder before removal of the machine. In TRINITY PARK SCHOOL. A first-class Preparatory School. Certificates of graduation accepted for entrance to leading Southern colleges. Best Equipped Preparatory School in the South. Faculty of ten officers and teachers. Campus of seventy-five acres. Li brary containing 40,000 volumes. Well equipped gymnasium. High stand ards and modern methods of instruction. Frequent lectures by prominent lecturers. Expenses exceedingly moderate. lyleven yeais of phenomenul success. For catalogue and other information address H. M. NORTH, Headmaster, . DURHAM, N. C. Iat tbe pup en the Job or phone down far the con. He's slicker than yen are at gittln the Of op. CK.& CHOOSE TU- YOUR FAVORITE KEY. Whatever you do, don't gamble with a good thing. Breed turkeys straight Her are the Bronx. White Holland, Narragaoseft, Elate, Black and Buff, alt daudy turkey meat, all salable, dif fering In color snd sixe mainly. Just pk'k your favorite and then breed sci entifically and true. As a straight line Is the shortest dis tance between two points, so straight breeding is the shortest, surest road to (ikxv. We have bred them straight snd crossed. The mixed did not have t be rigor and profit of tbe straight bred. Tbe ftroase was beat of all. and the White Holland woo second. The Bronze is tbe world's favorite. Seven million turkeys were raised In the raited States last year, one west era state shipping 800.000 pounds to relieve tbe famine In tbe east, and It wss nearly all Bronze. I Why Is tbe Bronse most popnlart 1 It 1 moat vigorous and largest, ring ing In weight from twelve to fifty pounds. Tbe body Is large, long, broad, deep, round, ttlump, full, carrying more meat than other varieties, with a flavor CHAMFIOK BaCKXR MARS. farm. (This grade of mare crosses very well with either hackney, coach oil Morgan. I would prefer the Morgan or coach stallion, as Its offspring will hav action that while It Is high, la at the I same time getting somewhere, while U tbe mare does not breed strongly after herself If crossed with the hackney tbe action In tbe colt Is more on tbe trappy, np snd down order, snd nearly every op to date business farmer wants a bone or team that be can bitch op and drive from fifteen to twenty-five miles and not bo half a I day doing It and at tbe same time do I as much work as the draft horse at or dinary farm labor. neapolis and put up a log cabin in a little mound in the center of Nic ollet island. . Half a dozen of the old settlers. Bottineau among them, had a little 1 y-v 11 . .1.1 poker ciud. une evening me siaKes kept crowing larger and larger un til every jack pot contained a small fortune. Mr. Bottineau had been losing heavily, but at last he was dealt a hand upon which he hoped to regain his losses tnd win some"- thinff besides. He was given four queens and. drawing one card, se cured an ace, leaving four kings as the only hand by which he could be beaten. He thought he' saw one of the players discard a king, and he considered his hand invincible and placed it accordingly. Soon all but Bottineau and the man opposite him dropped their cards and retired to watch the game. The table was heaped with money and the per eonal belongings of the two men. The flickering light of the, candle shone dimly on the flushed faces a9 they watched each other warily out Trinity College. FOUR DEPARTMENTS: , Collegiate, Graduate, Engineering, and Law. Large Library facilities. Well-equipped Laboratories in all departments of science. Gymnasium furnished with best apparatus. Expenses very moderate. Aid for worthy students. Young Men wishing to study Law should investigate the Superior advan tages offered by the Department of Law in Trinity. For catalogue and further information address D. W. NEWSOM, REGISTRAR. H. STEINM ETZ FLORIST -sr TH II 411 MOTS SSOWZS AD WHITS SOL- taSU. nearer to Its ancestor, tbe wild tur key. and this big bird Is raised at no greater eipense than the others. For tauty points consult sny en thusiastic Hrunse turkey fancier snd be'll talk your leg off. flRONZR STANDARD WEIGHTS. Pound. founds Adult cock M Ken Yearllner reck ... Pullet If Cockerel Tbe White riolland. though smaller, baa verr fine dualities and Is the World's second choice. It conies as a sport from the other varieties and. we are told, was first bred In Australia snd was first called tbs Australian White. By crowing with White Sports from tbe Bronse It has been gaining in weieht and vhror every year. It Is a magnificent, beautiful bird.- HOLLAND STANDARD WEIGHTS. Pounds. Pounds. Cock ...... eeeeeee H ltf eeeeeeeeeeeseeee H Cockerel .......... tl Pullet U SCOURS IN CALVES. Hew This Ailment Is Cured at the Wisconsin Experiment Station. Calves at tbe Wisconsin experiment station farm are specially treated for calf scours. First, special care Is tak en to svold scours by keeping the cslves In clean, bright, well lighted snd well ventilated quarters. Tbey are fed regularly until four weeks old on two to six pounds of their mothers' milk three times dally. Care Is taken to have the temperature of tbe milk as near that of freshly drawn milk as possible and always to have tbe calf palls scrupulously clean. In spite f all precaution, however. there are now and then cases of scours smong the calves. For the past two years tbey have successfully treated such esses ss follows: As soon s symptoms sppear two to four table- spoonfuls of castor oil are mixed with one-half pint of milk and given to the calf. This Is followed In four to sis hours by one teaspoonful of s mixture of one part salol and two parts sub- nitrate of bismuth. It can slso be given with one-half pint of new milk or tbe powder placed on tbe tougue snd washed down by a small s mount of milk. Tbe salol snd sulmltrate of bismuth can be secured rrom any aruggwt mixed In the proper proportions at the time of Database snd thus bsve the powder reality svailable for use at any time, As an additional precaution against contagious scours It Is sdvlsed that tbe navel of the newborn calf be wetted with a 1 to 600 solution of bichloride of mercury-corrosive sub limate. Starting s Bstky Horse. A horse inn u who has bad much ex perience with balky bnrst-s says: "I saw a bad case conquered by the driver getting out of tbe wagon and potting the animal on the head for a minute. Then he picked up a stone. lifted np one of tbe animal's front feet from tbe e round and gnve eacb nail a lltrnt tap and a smart lap on tbe frog Then he dropped the foot quickly. Jumped Into the wagon and told tbe horse to go. and he die. AtTACHDta THS CUPS. many cases It Is necessary to use a smaller sized teat cup during advanced stages of lactation than when tbe cow Is fresh. Seventh. Tbe operator should be above tbe average farm laborer In In telligence end mechanical skill. Eighth. Troubles that occur In op erating are due more to misuse than to any fault of the machine. Ninth. Some cows give more milk bv machine milking and others less. Present knowledge Indicates thst ma chine milking is as efficient as band milking under average conditions. A great deal better yields by machine could be secured If the herd were se lected for uniform teats of good size. Orders promptly filled. H. Steinmetz, Florist, North Carolina. THE SHEPHERD. DONTt, Don't let the pup eat tbt turkleta np. Too art not running a dog ranch. Don't trade fancy eggs to tbe grocer when Cheap John's s round. Hell get 'em and set 'em. Don't relate tbe history of your eggs to a customer If tbey art baymo fruit. Too long a song-. Don't allow ttrangers to butt Into tbs duck yirds, and don't let tbt dock' lings slop op tbt brooders. Cleaning the Cow's Udder. Tbe nas of the damp cloth In wiping the adders snd flanks of the cows be fore milking Is very Important In re ducing tht bacterial count Storking found that where this was practiced In ont Instance the number of bacteria in tbt milk was 710 per cubic centime ter as compared with 7.0M per cubic centimeter where tht moist cloth was not used. Making' Cons utter. ' Tbt fenr essentials In making dairy butter art to churn the cream at soon as It Is thick, to salt well, to work well at soon as hard enough and to remove tbt water, sayt dalrywoman. I sell In pound prints so at to secure tbe highest prices. Core chop Is my only coloring matter-that Is. I feed to as to make tbt cows Co tbe coloring. Put the unthrifty appearing ewes by themselves snd give s little extra feed. Perhaps tbey sre suffering from tbt greed of tbe bosses In the flock and are not getting a full ration. Feeding Orphan Lambs. It may be more trouble at first, but it Is better to teach baby orphan lambs to drink out of a basin than from a bottle, as It will be less trouble ss they grow older. The milk should be blood warm and fresh from tbs cow for tbe first few days. If sny is spilled on their , wool It should be wiped off. ss tbe odor of stale milk Is nnwholesotut and disagreeable. Exereise For Breeding Ewes. An old steep breeder and a success ful one says that exercise for tbs breeding ewe Is most essential. ro matter bow near perfect tbe ration may be. If exercise be forgotten fail ure will fol'9W. When sheep begin to look ragged and lose wool In spots. better look out for some skin dis ease. Twine For Tying Wool. At shearing time care should be taken In the character er twine need In tying wool. Tbe leading dealers, both west snd east, and manufacturers complain that wrong methods are too often followed. Through effort made s year ago agslnst use of sisal or binder twine In tying fleeces this prac tice bat been largely discontinued. Itut dealers complain that too much of the wool last year was tied with thick twine made of old bagging, which is almost as bad as sisal, as It rubs off on tht wool and will not take the dve In manufacture. What Is wanted Is a bard, s moots twine, keep ing all tags or foreign matter oat of tbt fleeces. Net More Than Ten Per Aere. Tbt number of lambs to turn into s eornfleki per acre depends upon tht feed In It Ordlnarl'y ten lambs wilt not be too many to ett tbt pasturage furnished by ont acre. Where corn Is ripe and tbe yield la fifty bushels per acre thirty-five or forty Itmbt art fre quently turned In per acre, but this It a different proposition. Here only tbt pasturage and not tht entire crop Is desired. Lambs art sometimes In rfned to trample down tbe corn In tbt corner where they art turned In. To avoid their doing tbtt they should be permitted to work Into tbt cornfield lowly and at tbelr own pleasure. If driven hurriedly into a field tbey lost each other and Immediately run as tf wild In aa effort to find ont another. of the comers of their eyes. All of Hyacinths, Tulips, and all kinds of Bulbs for Fall Planting table, and it waa his bet. lie looked Choice Cut Flowers, Carnations, Roses, Violets, etc. L for at his hand carefully and then said . . . j 11 1 j that all he had left was Nicollet is- all occasions. Floral DesiCTS. Palms, Ferns ancrall kinds land, which he would bet against . . . . $200. The bet was called, and Bot- OI rob auu uuiruuur ueuuuig ymiiu. tincau laid down nil four queens with a smile of triumph. Amid a dead silence his opponent laid on the table, face up, four kings and a trey. It was so still you could have , . 11 . 1 aL . rpi d i neara mem . oreame. iuen 1 Poitvy. tineau called for writing materials I Kaieign, and made out a deed to the island. From that day he never touched a card or countenanced gambling in any form. After dnltinir around tne coun try he went to Red Lake Falls and took up a claim and remained there until the time of his death, lie was employed as a guide and scout and was one of the principal mem bers of the Sibley expedition, lie knew every foot of the northwest countrv. having traversed it ever since he waa ten years old, when he cuided Lord Selkirk's colonist from old rort Uarry. When fie died the last of the old time Cana dian royagers and guides, who were such an important xactor in tne up- building of the northwest, passed T, away. Exchange. North State Mutual Life In surance Company of KIXSTON. N. G. The Genesis of the Crevat Cravats dale from the incursion of the Croats into French territory durinir the Thirty Years' war. The French termed these invaders xra- vates." and a freak of fashion made their 'somewhat clumsy neckgear popular about 1636. The fancy must have spread very rapidly,4 or we find lace cravats witb broad ends haneinz in front replacing the wide collars of the cavaliers during the earlier staccs of the civil war in England. Charles II. made white cravats a part of the uniform of his life and dragoon guards. The palmy period of the cravat was early in the eighteenth century, when these ar ticles were made of the very finest lace and were so exjensive that even the richest of fashionable youm men could not afford to have more than two of them in their ward robes. London Standard. 1. e 8antags. Sausage has even from very early times been a popular table delicacy. Aristophanes was familiar with it, and in lloman days the sausages of l.ucnniii were in high esteem. They were made from pork and the nuts of the stone pine, flavored with bay leaves and other things more familiar. Bologna was celebrated for its sausatrcs long before the German sausncc had even thought of invading tho rest of tho world, and until quite lately it was com monly called in England 1 "po lony." ' Explaining H. We were moving a 4,000 pound safe from one office to another, soya a writer in the Saturday Even ing Tost. George, the negro jani tor, with a 4 by 4 pine stick was pinching the safe along. The boss an said, "George, why doa't you pick that safe up and carry it in stead of monkeying with that scantlinfff George replied; "Boss, X hain'v feelin' very pickish dia mawnin', suu. a a tvvuu tcvus uujuvit. Bnsiness done on "Old Line" or legal-reserve basis, the practical system of life insurance. MANAGEMENT MOST ECONOMICAL. CONTRACTS ARE UNSURPASSED; places no restrictions, and is incon testable from the beginning. For each (1,000 life insurance on indemnity or Is per week may be guaranteed for loss of time caused by accident or sickness at coat EVERY POLICY IS REGISTERED with the signature of the Insur ance Commissioner of the State of North Carolina and the seal of his de partment thereon. " If you believe in your own State, and if you would patronize and en courage borne Industry, make application for a policy today. J. W. GRAINGER, President. N. J. ROUSE, General Manager. J. A. HERNDO:, Superintendent of Agencies. VS. R. nrXS. Manager. Durham. N. C I ' ' , seee Practical Demonstrations in Loose Leaf Bookkeeping Today ant Tomorrow vis will give free of charge instructions in MOORED MODERN METHODS of Accounting and Record-Keeping Also copy of Moore's Modem Methods, a 1 60 page book ifluttraU kig 40 (Liferent ledger and record forms and explaining how they are used. ae Call at our StorePhone for the Book, anyway ZEB. P. COUNCIL West Main St ftMft67l Durham, N. C