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CUTTING OOWrJ DEATH 10 THE THE STATUS OF IIU PICT This is to be the Slogan for the s 4 ":" i ; ' i ftv if it win rv -, Very InjMHlast Decislca of Infer sUte Commerce Coanissioa Bond Issue for Stale Ez'Mte Has Keen Brought lo $25,CC9 www mm mm m mmm mn K Eill IcJrefuced for a New Rail road to Our City Big Meeting. Held In Richmond Earth From Gold Hill Crashes Into Pioneer Cot to Get Thrc;h la Use V Extra Session 'last Week rair THE DURHAM iiIIO DANVILLE RAILROADING THE REFORMER Time, so Far, Haa Been Given to Pi vmtc forl Rills Large Powers to Ho Uvea Bute Tax Coniiulwiion. Kcnalurial Iitiiii Arranged A Few Oilier Notes, Raleigh, Feb. 27,- The grind In tho general assembly continues dally with Increasing volume and yet ex perleoced legislator say It 111 be Impossible for the work of the ses sion to be finished by next Saturday night. The time then, the 68 day, will expire, and that It will be neces sary for the legislators to remain over here until at least the middle of the following week In order to wfnd up the general assembly's affairs'. Including Saturday 483 bills and Jtv resolutions bave been ratified by the present legislature and although only ime more week remains tt is very evident that the number of ratified bills will necessarily be more than l.oud and this of course means that the law makers and legislative era ployes will have to undergo a severe continuous strain from now nntii final adjournment. Hundreds of Mils are pending In each house and Uie calendar of the bouse now baa on It about 70 bills of putlic Interest that must be disposed of one way or another, while on the senate cal endar tnere are more than f.O impor tant measures awaiting disposition In soma way. The time of the gen eral assembly thua far has ben con aumed very largely In giving atten tion to private local bills, remark aily few state-wide bills baring been considered and advanced. The reve nue act has been threshed out In the bouxe and ordered engrossed' and sent to the senate, but haa not yet been reported In that branch of the legislature. Pour or Ive bills of gen eral importance hare been made spe cial orders in tbe senate during the first part of tha week and tbe bouae has at least a half dosen public measures set as special orders. -Each house will bold three sessions dally through tbla week, working until midnight regularly la an effort to clear calendars, both of which are badly congested, and yet there baa been apparently no let up in the number of new bills introduced every day. Irge Powers to lie tilven. .The machinery bill under which th revenue act that had already paMuvl the house Is to be operated was printed and placed on the desks of the members today, and will prob ably pass Ita readings Tuesday, no daily roil rail on this being neces sary, as Is tbe case with the revenue bill. As introduced In the bouse by Chairman Dough'on the machinery bill retains the coloration commis sion aa the state tax-rommlwilon to supervise the assessment and listing nf taxis In the counties although Chairman Brown, of the senste com mittee and others are Strongly favor (Continued on Page Two. DEATH OF 11 P rnoxiusT farxer of sash I IHMV DIED Till.1 XOBMM.'. Mr. 3. I. Tridgen received word tbla morning of tbe death of bid father, Mr. Drcwry Prldgcn, a promi nent farmer of Nash county, had died st 3 o'clock this morning at hi home, twelve miles from i:im City, after a lingering lllurfs. Mr. I'ridgen bad bwn In a "dining health for some lime. He would have been II years of age at his nest birthday. Fur year be bad been considered the leading farmer of his section and was widely known throughout the eastern part or the stale. Mr. I'ridgen was twice married, his first wife bring Miss I Hit Is. of Ciorgla, and to this union there were born seven rhlldren, those now living being Mr. W. H. I'ridgen. of Kim City: Mrs. W, II. Langiey, of Wilson county, and Mrs. W. J. Twllley, of Virginia, and our townsman, Mr. i. I). I'ridgen. Mr. I'ridgen second wife waa a Mm Well, of Wilson County, and to his union there were born one son and one daughter, both of whom are living. Mr. J. !. 1'rldgen. left this morning o attend the funeral nf his father, which will be hr-ld from bis late home Tuesday morning. , .i i A Klale -stnr Nine. . 5lal lgh, Fuli. 17.-R ate Henstor Davis, of Beaufort county, rendered a sped j solo for the service at Wen fin H'levt Meihodlst church fliinday tnoialiff. He won mauy cuuipllinenta. IICREJISE RATES DENIED The Eastern and Western Roads Are Denied the Right to Enforce Xew Tariff 'Increasing their Rates. Highly Interesting Survey of Rail road Kltuntlon of Nation. Washington, Feb. . 2". A new epoch In the government regulation of railroads is marked by the de- clelop of the interstate cotninerco com mission, denying to eastern and western roads the right to enforce new tariffs Increasing their rates Tbe decision was Issued by the com mission Friday evening, followiug con ferences covering the last three weeks, and after taking a vaat deal of testimony aud listening to elab orate arguments. ; Tbe commission does not assume that It Is inaugurating a policy of denying increases of rates. On tbe viber hand, "we do not say," ob serves tbe commission in conclusion. "that, tbe carriers may not increase their Income. We trust they may and confident?? believe they will." Increase lb-yowl Limit. "If the time shall come when through changed conditions it may be shown that their fears are real ised, or approaching realisation, and there la evidence of a movement against the security and lasting value of legitimate Investment and adequate return, tbla commission will not hesitate to give its sanction to Increase waicn will be reason able. Dy all standarda which have been set this commission all of its members concurring Gnda the pro posed rates to be beyond the limita tions placed by law npon the car riers." : - . , : , ' , It la the decision of the commis sion that the railroads have not sus tained the burden of proof which the law of 1910 Imposes en them before they may raise rates. Before that law passed, the railroads might raise rstes at their will, and tbe disaffect ed ahlper was compelled affirmative ly to ahow that the Increase waa un reasonable. The new policy f the government represent a revolutionary change of policy. As construed by the commis sion la tnls case, it makes the exist ing railroad rates of the country a set of prim facie reasonable, and Just rates, which may not be raised without proof that the raise la neces sary. Credit Due to Cummins. To Senator Cummins, of lawo. is due the first credit for the new rule. It waa he who, when tbe railroad measure of 1910 was under consid eration, offered tbe amendment whirl, placed the burden of proof on the carriers. There was long debate and bitter opposition. The carriers understood then, Just as well as the) do In the light of this decision, what such a policy would entail, and they opposed it to the limit of tbelr power, nut it was adopted, and the derision of tbe commission now makea It the definite policy of tbe country. Commissioner Franklin K. Lane Is tbe author of the decision's text, but it 1 concurred In by every mem ber of the rommlsslon. It presents a remarkable and highly Interesting survey of tbe whole railroad situa tion of the nation. The Senate Ratifies Treaty With Japan Washington, Feb. 27. The new Japanese trea y nf trade and naviga tion was ratified Friday night after a two-hour executive session of the sen ate. White the apprehension of west ern senators that the treaty might let dowu the bar to rootle labor was not entirely removed, thes senators con tented themselves with expressing tbelr solicitude. They Interposed no objection to ratification. The ertlon of this government In promptly confirming the new agree ment Is expee'ed to do more to prove the feeling of rnrdlillty that this country bus for Japan than anything that bns been done for many years. The effect will be to permit JapanMo enter at once upon a reorganisation of Ita fiscal system and the making of new tariffs with all nations. Japan's treaties with other powers are to expire July 17 next That with the t'ntted States, by reason of Its later ratification, would have con tinued until the same date a year later, bad not this government con sented to It expiration at tbe same lime as the other. Failure to have ratified the new treaty would bave delayed the ope ration of the Japanese progrsm for a yi-r beyond the time when It Was planned to put it luto r Sect. SEHATE YET TO ACT OS IT The Senate Judiciary Committee Set . Tenterday Afternoon for a Hearing on tbe Aotl-Trnst Bill Action on the Working Hours' Bill Again Postponed. Ralelgu, Feb. 27. The senate Judl clary committee set yesterday afternoon as the time for a hearing' of Senator Hobgood's aiitl-trust bill entitled to prevent conduct Interfering with trade and commerce. His bill to create two additional Judicial dis tricts and his bill , protecting em ployees of common carriers and In volving the relief clause In tbe At lantic Const Line relief department are reported wiihout prejudice from the Judiciary committee. The Barham bill, placing all graded schools under tbe Slate Text-Book commission, and adding seven teach ers as members of the text-book com mission, receives a favorable report from tbe senate committee on revisal, with an amendment striking out the provision which would place Vxe graded schools that are now operat ing under special charters under the text-book commission, thereby leav ing the law aa it now Ia in this re- jpect The bill was made a special order iu the senate tod nr. At the hearing before be committee Tues day afternoon representatives from graded schools la a number of cities of the state protested against 'this feature, and . tbe committee heeded tbelr wishes in making the report Tbe house last night passed the bill for the atate fireproof administration building, with amendments cutting dowa tbe bond issue to f2u0,000 from the :00,000 that tho senate had al lowed aa compared with tee million dollars that the original bill carried. The amendtnen-s for 259,000, - and limiting the expenditures for tbe building to this amount, were offered by Speaker Dowd, who argued that it would be a mistaken policy for tbe legislature to concentrate the build ing for tbe atate in one great build ing, but that the policy followed by tbe national government different buildinga facing capital square aa they are needed Has tbe wiae course. Therefore be wanted the building proposed In the bill to be fixed for tbe state's lot at the corner Of Salisbury and Morgan streets, at the sou'hwest Tier of capital square. The bill passed was nade to do tbla by the senate. It wilt pass tbe bouse on final reading today and go back to tbe sen ate for concurrence in tbe cut to $2iO.OO0. Arguing Werltng Boar QaeMloa, Senator Ivey's bill to reduce -she hours of work la manufacturing In dustries from sixty-six to sixty hours a week came op In tbe senate last night with a favorable report by the committee and a minority unfavorable report signed by Senators Reinhardt, Hawkins and McDonald, alo a com mit ee amendment for the law to be come effective October 1. Senator lvey offered an amendment fixing January 1, 1912, as the time for tbe Isw to go Into effect. Senator lvey then began argument In favor of the bill, but bad hardly started before Senator Rarnea moved to postpone out of respect to Senator Hawkins, who signed the minority report and who Is detain, d at home on account of death in bla family. Senator lvey thought It would be no dlacourteey to Senator Haw klna for tbe senate to dispose of tbe measure now, and he proceeded to make an extended speech advocat ing the bill, presenting his conten tions clearly and forcefully. When ho concluded Senator Hoyden moved to postpone nntil next Tuesday further consideration out of respect to Senator Hawkins snd for the reason bat be and other senators desired to he heard and were not now prepared to discuss It. Senator Rosco re gretted tbe circumstance but said he saw, no good reason for postponing, and followed with an earnest argu ment for the bill. Senator Royden Insisted on his motion, and Senator lvey said be did not wish to appear discourteous to any one but felt that the matter should ' not be delayed. Senator Johnson fsrprfd postponing, Senator Long was for action now, but Senators Rassett and Hicks urged postponement and Senator Hoyden's motion prevailed, Senator Hemes slat ing tha'. hi reason for moving to post, pone at first was because of consider ation for Senator lvey a well a out of respect for Senator Hawkins. A large number of local bills passed their res (II n is last night, and among titrate of general interest that passed and were tent to -the house were: Provide for a central highway from ficsiifort to AshcvlUej promote main tenance of public p,irk and drives; incorporate the Farmers' Kducatlonal mid Co-operative union, and relative to foreign executor. A bill was introduced inio tbe gen' eral assembly Saturday which grants a charter to the Durham and Danville Railroad company with the prlvtlege of operating a road from Durham to Danville, Va. , The capital stock is to be $2.r.0,000, with Messrs. C. C. Wake, C. M. Carr, H.. E. Satterfield, J. F. Wily, W. T. Carr, W. R. Guthrie and J. L. Morebead as the principal in corporators. . ' . Tbe promoters of the road, when seen ' Saturday, would give out nothing concerning t.heir plans, but the reporter was assured that the road would positively ,be In operatidn within two years. ' The charter give the company the privilege to construct the line through Durham, Orange, Person and Caswell coun'.les. The route of the new road will be by way of Yanceyvillo, going almost exactly through tbe center of Caswell county. Direct connection will be made at Durham with tbe Nor folk and Western and Seaboard, and at Danville with the main line of the Southern. By way of the Durham and Southern connection will be made with the Atlantic Coast Line at Dunn. Advantages of 'ew Head. A glance at the map will show tbe virgin territory which the new road will make accessible to industrial de velopment The country through which It ia to run is rich in timber and farming. When these zdvantag are added to that of direct connection with tbe four great trunk lines of the south, something of tbe future of tbe new road can be ascertained. Besides all this, tbe road will shorten the dis tance from Durham and all other points In this section to Danville and point north by almost half. The dis tance from Durham to Danville by the new route will be 1 miles, while the nearest route at present is 104 miles. Of the greater part of these ad- antages I'urham will get the benefit, acd the :oad will mean much to the Industrial growth of tbe city during the next few years. " Klcctric line. The charter allows the road to be operated by either steam or electric power, and It ia very probable that it will be operated by pow er generated by the Southern Power company. The company also haa the privilege, under tbe charter, to distribute light and power to consumers along the right of way, and to build water-power plants on the stream for tbe pur pose pf generating electricity. Home Ofiice at Durham. The road, when completed, will In volve the expenditure of more than tl,r.00.0u0. The home offices of the company are to be In Durham, and to say that it will be an addition to tbe industries of the city would be putting It vc.-y mildly. RAILWAY ISJCBMIED COT. B I. EASE ACT n(ORPO. BATING A SEW ROAD. Columbia, 8. C., Feb. IT. After stat ing that be would refuse bla aignature to the act Incorporating the Piedmont and Northern railway, on ibe grounds that too much authority was given the new company. Governor Rlease yes terday affixed hi signature to the act, and It goes into effect Immediately. . Since the statement that Governor D'ease would refuse bis signature to the bill, there baa been much com ment throughout the piedmont section of this state and North Carolina as to bow tbe acilon would affect tbe plans of these capltaliKi who are bnrking this great system to operate a network of trolley lines throughout the piedmont section. The. corpora tion ia now chartered with a capital of iri.000.on0, Messrs. J. R. and II. X. Duke, together with other capitalists of tlmt section of the country, be-In g the Incorporator. The Commission Hearing Cases Today Raleigh, Feb. 27 The corporation commlaslon I bearing today tbe arguments for and against tbe effort on foot to have tbe Seaboard Air Line to operate a Raleigh-Hamlet shon fly and require the Ralelgh-N'nrllna shoo-fly continue Its dally runs to Weldn. What Is really wanted I an order from the commission for the shoo-fly to start each montiuc from Weldon and run. through to Hamlet and return c uday Instead of at ptrscut having only a shoo-fly service from Norllna to Raleigh and return. "Sometimes a virtue can be exag gerated until It become a viee." said tbe earnest adviser. "I see exactly what you're cnmln' a!, replied Tar antula Tim, "Whereas four ace Is a bli-Mln an' greatly to be admired, five of 'em kin create untold dlMCDSiou." WaaMngtoa 8:ar. FEAR UPRISING FARMERS High Tariff Senators I neusy If Red. proclty Passes Congestion In t'p. per House . Unparalleled Disposl- Hub to Let "Money Rill" do Over. Washington, Feb. 27. With one week remaining before the close of the final aes3iou of the sixty-first con gress, senators and renreKentaitvea are looking forward a'ike to a strenu ous finish of what has been a stormy and historic congress, and to the probable beginning of a stormy extra sesgiuu 10 iohow. He-re and there one can find a mem. er of the senate or house who still believes there will be no extra ses sion, but, generally speaking, the be lief prevails through congressional circles today that an extra session is a certainty. . So Mgos of Reciprocity Vote. , A vote by the senate or the rotl procity agreement would nrevent an extra session, but nothing baa thus tar snapea up which point to a vote. On the contrary, various senators, some opposed Xo the agreement and some in favor of it, expressed the be lief last night and today that there was no likelihood of a vote on reci procity. And if there la no vote. President Taft will call an extra ses sion and bas gone so far as to reach an understanding with Champ Clark and Representative Oscar Underwood, democratic leaders in ihe house, that the session will begin April 4. Tbe president has consented to thl date, about two weeks later than he expected: to convene congresa. because tbe democrat bave told him thev need a month's time to prepare for the ses sion, to organize the committees and to get the preliminary work of tariff revision under way. :. jm aet stand Pnt. w . -President Taft la fixed in his deter. mlnation to call an extra session if there I no vote on Canadian reci procity. Tbe talk beard at first that be would back down bas largely died away. Tbe president has gone so far in the matter thai It la nniit. erally conceded be can not do other wise than call an extra session. At the same time the tremendous pressure on the president, which it was predicted irould be brought to prevent him from calllne an extra ses sion, and on the senate to get it vto take a vote, Is now in evidence. Big busines interest bave taken frieht at tbe notion of a apeclal session which will be occupied chiefly with tariff revision. Thev fear such a sea. slon will lesd to a long period of busi ness unrest. Wall street is alarmed. The word Is coming to Washington that Wall gtreet wants no special ses sion and senators are being implored o do something to bead tbe threat ened extra session off. Would kill Treaty. The creat protected intereata at the country are at once hostile to the re ciprocity agreement and fearful of an extra session. They would like to have an extra session avoided, and what they prefer is to have tbe senate at (Rice vote the reciprocity agree mcnt down. A movement was started iu the senate yesterday to reach an agreement U d.feat the rwlnroeitv compact. This movement so far has not materialised. The friend of the compact would doubtless be able to head off a vote In the senate If they saw one was being hurried for the purpose of killing the agreement. As much as they dislike an extra setsion tbe high protected Interests would prefer to take their chames'of killing the reclnrocltr serccment at a special session than to have It voted on now and carried. The Indications are the agreement would be adopted now If submitted to a vote. In this Biltia lon the heat titan In sight, from the viewpoint of the high tariff senators, is to force tbe matter over to an extra session, hoping in the meantime to create enough sentiment to d-feat the agreement. Tbi is the plan favored by Senator Hale, and a number of the high tariff senators who are taking the ame stand aa h. Raleigh Protest Against the Skaters Ralrlsh. Feb. 27. There 1 verv tenersl protest among the people of tne city against the. recent action of the city authorities In allowlna- rhil- dren of the city to use their roller skates on the asphalt pavements of Ihe street around capital sou a re, and up Fayettevlllo street. Tha de mand I for an ordinance that will put a atop to thi as the children have come to make a practice of getting bold of vehicles, train, auto mobiles and street far to bave them selve carried along with lea effort Many serious accident have already been narrowly averted, I 750 DELEGATES PRESENT They Were ' From Twenty.Seven States and Entered Wholly Into the Plans to Save the Organiza Hon Taylor the Head Will Have to Make Good. Richmond, Va., Feb. 27. The True Reformers, once tbe greatest negro fraternal organization in the world, held a special session here last week beginning Tuesday, This meeting was a significant one owing to tbe finances of thousands of ne groes are involved and thousands of members carrying policies have reached the age where they cannot be insured ia other movements giv ing sick and death benefits. Over 750 delegates from 27 states were present and entered wholly into plans to save the organization. Col. Josenh Button, commissioner of insurance for Virginia, visited tbe meeting of tbe grand fountain and made remarks that were pregnant with sound advice and stated that he was in sympathy with tbe efforts to rehabilitate the fraternity which has done much for the negro's uplift in this country. He especially em phasized that If the organization could liquidate one-fourth of its liabilities and devise feasible plans to meet the remainder of their obligations in a reasonable length of time the nrohibitlon restine noon the order In Virginia, at least would be 1 TJL 7 , beneatl1 !m,t . h ..iJB!ilPn'. When the weight overcame lifted to such an extent as would greatly facilitate their further opera tion and thus contribute to their ulti mate restoration. Prof. R. B. McRary, of Lexington, X. C, moved a vote o thanks to the state officials for their presence, words of advice gnd encouragement which he declared, constituted a mes sage of hope and good cheer and which were indicative of tbe kind feeling which the white man of the south baa always had In his heart for the negro. Professor McRary. on tbe committee of the state of the order, made a plain statement of the situation in North Carolina. He stated frankly that the ultimatum had been laid down by the bureau of insurance in North Carolina, and thai certain conditions must be met before tbe order would be allowed to resume business In North Carolina He assured the committee that the personnel of the administration must Be sucn as to win the confidence of his race In his state, which had been badly shaken by tbe course of events before they would again rally In any considerable number to the sunnort of the grand fountain. He contend ed for a substantial representation for North Carolina in the reorgan ization. A. W. Holmes and W. P. Riirwell were reelected and the other officers of tbe organization were dethroned. Dr. 1. F. Dcllinger, of Greensbo$, and Dr. James B. Dudlev. nresident of the North Carolina A. and M. col lege for the coloted race, were elect ed members of the board. Professor McCrary declined election to the board, naming Dr. Dudley In his place. Tbe board is composed of a number of new members. W. L. Tavlor. former head nf the order, who is alleged to be larrely resnonsible for It nredicament. mill have to make good for I2.2SO for every year be received $5,000 aa an nual salary, according to a resolu tion passed by the body. Startling facts as to bad manaeement evidence criminal proceedings to the ultimate outcome. Tobacco Sales Continue Good Tobacco continue to nour In unon the Durham market In a steady stream. Sales during the past week have been very good, and prices bave been very satlafactory. A break In the sorrily Is exnected at an esrly date, however, snd the amount offered for sale will likely grow steadily less as the week go by. ( bk-f ef I'eUea S.(ssd Wed. Washington. Feb. 27. Onlv reta- fives and a few intimate friends were Invited to the wedding today of Miss anna Campbell Kelton and Dr. Har vey W. Wilev. chief rhemlol nf tha department of agriculture. The cere mony was performed at noon at the home of the bride's mother, airs. John C Kelton. and waa followed t a breakfast and reception. Jiati .ledJral IHrertor Retires, Washington. Feb. 27. Medical nu rector Paul Fitxsimont was placed on tne retired lint of the navy today, on account of having reached tha aze Umlt lor active kMco, Believed Xow That Prism' of "Cnlehra Cut Must be Enlarged and STost of Eminence , Removed Theories .of Engineers Completely Upset Other Slides Give Tronble. Colon, Feb. 27. Without warning upsetting all theories and all esti mates, 500,000 cubic yariia of rock and earth have Just slid into the Pioneer cut, opposite the town of Culebra. It Is one ot the worst slides the canal engineers have had to contend with, and It is worse than anv nrnvinn slide, from tbe fact that nthera ennlrl be explained, even were predicted. The Jatctt avalanche of earth changes the canal plans materially. It makes It seem neceasarv that the entire pilsra shall be enlarged suffi ciently t3 prevent any occurrence of the sort after the comoletlon of the canal. There seems to be no donht that all of Gold Hill will have trJ be removed, in Itself a considerable undertaking. And 325,000 yards of :he slide Itself represents waste. The remainder it was intended to remove. Engineers Are Disconcerted. Most disconcerting of all the theories which heretofore have served to. explain slides to the satisfaetion - of the engineers' brains are nrteked like a toy balloon. It always has been held that slides were caused when nea.vy. ralnraU made the th soggy heavy rainfall made the earth soggy adhesion, and when the concussion ot tne dynamite blasts gave final Im petus, It was believed the slides took place. Bu; the Gold Hill slide is with out precedent. There have been no heavy rains In this section for six weeks, and there bas been no blasting in the vfclnlty for more than a year. On the steep slope of Gold Hill, di rectly opposite the town of Culebra lit other words, on the east hank nf Culebra cut a section 100 feet long and from 20 So 100 feet wide dropped into the cut. . On the 135-foot level wag a ledae. The slide started ahnva this ledge, which was comuletelv de stroyed along the entire lenrth of the slide, a vast amount ot material be ing forced clear down to and nearly filling tbe pioneer drainage cut Other Slides (ihe Trenble. A few weeks aao a laree amount nf earth and rock slid Into the canal at Las Cascades, a few mile north of Culebra town. A few miles south Is the great Cucharacha slide, which has been giving trouble. This makes it appear that the entire cut will hare to oe widened, sooner or later to a large extent in order to avoid serlnna difficulty when tbe canal sball have been corup'eted. Until a recent date had been planned to run the line of the relocated Panama railroad upon this bank of the cut at Culebra. out lot uoethais Anally made ar rangements to have ihe line eon. structed on the other side of Gold Hill entirely away from the canal. WILLPUT DNLDAY LETTER THE VIKSTERX IXIOX WILL IX.' AlGllUTK XEW SERVICE. The Western Union Telecranh company will Inaugurate on tbe Orst of March a new form of telearanh service called the dar letter, whlrh la believed will immediately commend itseii a atiorJing decided advant age in .telegraphic correspondence. The dl 'vter 1 designed to be tbe day Ion to the night let ter, whlcl jftles many have al ready used nsny occasions. The rati arged for a day letter of 50 word, or les Is one and one half time Wie night letter rate and for each additional ten words or ha one-fifth the Initial charge. For ex ample, the Richmond-Atlanta night letter rate I 50 rent, the dav letter rate Is one and one-half times that, or 75 cents, with 15 ctnts t each additional ten words, Tbe Hl.-hmond-Sm Francisco night letter rate la it the day letter rate $1.50, with 3o cents for each additional ten words. Day letters are to be written in plain English, thus avoldine the de. lays and complications of code words filed at any time and are to be trans and -rode language. They may be mitted as the facilities of the com pany may permit during busines hours, full rate telegrams having priority of transmission. As the wires of tbe company are In much demand during the midday hours It Is advisable that day letters ba Bled as early in the day as possible. Day letters will be accepted at all office of the Western Union foe transmission to any of Its ofllc Irt IQQ l fined 8UIU.