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DURHAM RECORDER, DURHAM. If. J9 (PfQAY, OCTOBER 13, 1911 .
-PAOE TTTREE I ITEMS OF INTEREST TO I OUR WOMEN READERS a, ''; :. TO THIH CWMPLSXlOSr. Couilng Pti,iovUt way, Morning woarlng to midday, . 1 aug ell my heart would ay Of kv and laughter aud delight, Blue the aky burned holght o'r height, . . .. IIihIo made the echoes gay, i All hands locked, the young folk .. , Hocked, .. . ' , - - ' Joined the aiuglng no one mocked, The wild bird warbled in bat flight. The wild rom roacbod an eiKr apray, Bee and bloom made roundelay. Coming, up the lovellt way. Day draw down to dusky etc, Shadow half .the sunshlue thieve, CkwJa In ffsuy showers grieve. Slow the song forsake the lip, Jiiiabed the frolic Md the quip, No ewlft feet their tlauces weave. Who that's gay would cotue this way? Noontide call to holiday Where brooks bubble, sunbeaaai dip, And bill a purple shoulder heave, , H.'lnbo No one will believe Day drawa down to dusky eve. - Exchange-4 .0 '. That When gown la made of twotieeta to think that they require clean- material, such aa satin and cloth, ctamlne and atln. or any mingling of the lighter stuff, the fashion of the dress it .extremely ornate, and all aorta of fin needlework are d la play d In the tucks,' the rucblngs, the mbroIdrl of lb trimming, especially on the roat? ... e WHITK C'lUM Hkr BITTOX Small and large buttona tirade of white cotton thread coarsely croche ted are now In Brat fashion. They are placed or blouses, oo one-piece frocks, on top wrapa, In every alee. They are used on bloua Instead of pearl button and on white linen skirt a. , f, 4 A MIXT TO MOTHKRM. Children of nervous temperaments often become chilled and fretful during a bath. Try ba'.htng the child first to the elbowa and waist line, then drying qiitk)y with a small Turkish towel. Let the child su la the water during this part of the baib. so that the lower part of the body may be kept warm. Tbla keepe away chill, and the bath can be finished la a moment, the child remaining warm and comfortable daring the entire process. The practice can even be adopted, with excelled results by grownups whose circulation is a trifle sluggish and who experience the unpleasant after bath chill. ; , . A JHOTOU MASCOT Tb Investor of the latest mascot for the motor! evidently thiaka one amulet will not prevent a smash up, so baa combined flv of the beat. know a emblems of good lack Into one. ' ' If yoa would make aura of com ing home whole machine and body w-oa your aeit tour, go equipped wita thta new maacot. It eonalat of the fcoriMiboe with lucky upturn ed points and seven sallhole. At the base, Inside the horseaboe. Is one of the charm .ornaments ! Of the Klnas 4f BseVbn, sa ambient of good fortune with aneteat Ho in am T wheel of the eaa chariot above too wheel are two lunar crescents, typical of a (ucky aew moon. Topping all la the ''swastika' meaning hsitplneaa, pleasure, good lark.... ... .4. .-...,. , If after all that one comes a crop- per she la bora' tinder" aa erli a tar or has aa abominable cbsUaur. tW TUU.II t r.KT. .After a long walk, when the feet feel weary and uncomfortable, try bathing I hem In warm water a little eaa de cologne added U It. Dry them and rub In some starch or 4iain low powder. On a railway journey It Is 4 o4 Ides to take a pair of light aUpper fa the traveling bag aad to Chang the outdoor ' boots whea hi the .train. Alcohol la a good medium with which to mil the feet, and bathing Ihem la salt water Is good for some feet, and they are always benefited iy the at ire a powder rub afterward t Cot Inn stockings of the Bneat aad sofe make are eaeelleat for ten der feet and many people like cah taerev Many people believe In aoap lag the .heel of a electing so as to prevent blisters, and shaking starch pewdor or borarle arid Into the atorklnga before patting them on l another' prventlve of those crippling orrlera. - s e e- e - ' - :' ' liHlHH THK Uin iJOSU " AM) " . tiKr;jf." t .The nUrhtiy bruahtng of the hair la a ceremony. biro tf beauty actk- can afford to omit. A tboroseh oahing not ouly frees, the bair from atara of the duat of the day, but Iwparta te U a ahlne and brilUaa cy that ao trilllantlns can rlvsl. 'driuhlng U eepectally beaeftrlal e dry Intractable locks, which re fuae to "atay put.'. How often should the hair be shampoocif The only general prln-ll-le that can 'he laid down Is that dirt la no mora deatrable In the hair than sa any other part of the prnn. Jf the hair ts dirty, greiay, of sticky It eda washing. Women whoae ha)r ta naturally dry can frequently get along wKh a monthly shampoo. - (Hly loeka may heed washing every two weeks or even more often. Tot! win find lhat yur hair e4 cVanlnf .wore fre quently la summer than In winter. r t A vtM t M won ii. Now that the niabta are beglnnlnc ? l"RIhen the Soft veiled Jaht of b lamp has a Peculiar charot. In it i ( s , - . : r s a country cottage or for a glrl'a room kt any time a shade of flowered cretonne la pretty and appropriate, and should be cloacly pleated In the empire style with a garland of flow era aurrounded by a rococo ribbon, The aweeteet of ahade tmay be made of white muslin with applique mualla flowera, end n the bedroom whether the light Is shaded from a amp or from the electric globe, dalntinetta Is completely expremed by s waabliig cover of brodcrle anglalue or of muBlin trimmed ,wtth lace motlfa. v , ' ' i Iaca frllla arc again -to be teen, and ahadea of liberty aatln are aur rounded with deep lace, the pattern being picked out In ribbon Work, ti(le a trail of flowera Is sdded to the ornamentation. A pleaaant occu. patton la the making of shades for lampa. -The gaily colored bead frlngea are easily made at home, and atrlnglng the beada la-a laiy pastime which takes no toll of etlhi-r physical or mental fatigue- r -:-' Tit KA. UAKK ;oV.VH. From month to month wo go on wearing black clothea, and we never ing. It la enough that the dirt "doean'l show,; we don't worry at all about It's being there all the time Think' how quickly tolled a white garment would be aad how a couple of daya makes our mualtn walata yearn for the waahtub, aqd perhaps yon wlH realize that black, too, la u hyglenlc and unclean, even when It look a all right, and much more.ao when It baa actaally the appearance of bulng soiled and rusty. At any time the appearance o' black clothes msy be greatly Improv ed If they ere thoroughly upon god with a strong Infusion of tea or coffee, provided they are 0rst of all -it brushed and whaken. But tbey may also bo washed without coming to grief. Experiment with a blouse end go on to a skirt, and yon will boob see how successfully voile, serge, rsahmere, lawn and cloth may 'he cleaned- t j Add a little ammonia to lukewarm water and well aouse the garment, without, however, rubbing it, then take It out soueexe but do not wring It, plunge It Into cold water, then hang It dripping In the air to dry. having selected, of course, a fresh and breesy day for waahlag. Before beginning ' the process all stalna -honld Brat be removed. i HOt tiKJIOM) HINTS Rubbing rusty knives with a damp cloth dipped la aabea will make them bright and ahlning. Rub attff leather ahoes with -'a piecw of, Canael dipped la vaeellne to make them soft aad pliable. A pinch of salt and a tiny lump of lard added to atarca hea boiling will prevent the lroa aUcklng to the cloth. . - ... Two tablespoon fu la of olive oil and a dessert apooafal of vinegar makes a good po'lsti for mahogany furniture. . A teenpoonful of ammonia In n teaesp of watev applied ta alrrer or gold jewelry wrth a soft cloth will maffe M jbrlght aa whea aew Stalna oa Canada tear be removed by- applying equal quantities of yolk of esg and glycerin and allowing It to aosk for half hear before the garment ta washed Clcerta la the beat lebrlrant for the meat or Vegetable grinder, for the reason that It does not lear aa unpleasant odor If brought into root act with the meat. tharrol ' Recommended as aa ah orhent in the cupboard or refiig. rrator, where there are liable to be gases. It ahoald be freshly powd ered and kept there constantly . At this aoaaon If clothing to damp with pernfiraUoa It sbenld be care fully dried before putting It lata the hamper, as It othsrwiae msy cause the other things to mildew. . frutt Maine should be carefully looked after .at this aeaarin before the linen Is put Into hot an da, which alwavs acts all stalna. They are removed easily by boll In watel or a little salts of lemon ltpou dam age to the fabric. . ... u KUTAIir.T T IIBJIT B.tr. Tii( jm;H. . ' Mfcta Alraa iJlimW and Miss M.nnlt Itoherta entertained the VM-Ut eliiaa yf the llrat Baptist chsrch Tuesday plKht from I to 10 o'cliwk. for lbs sst week tha riant his beta eugaged lit a cnn?t tot nw members, one sectl-w chotising block as ther color and tbs other old rose. The -black wen by four, having add ed eight names to the roil while the- old roee added four, -j ' The entertainment Was glrea s to celebrate the vlctpfy. -n, , The claaa tuom had been artUUcal ly decorated lot the occaaloa and a deltahtful mi-Blcal program waa ren Jered as foliowa:- - '' ' Vocal solo by Miss Hannah Pope Savior Lead Me Ixwt 1 Stray." Instrumental solo ,hy Mies Alms Rl)rbe rThe I'alms " Solo eby Miss lUyde Ksarnes "Moonl'ght." i Reading by atlas Konie Fay Car rlngton "Diddle, Dump sod Tot." A' bulutss session followed the msurfoal Program whoa several mat tera of Importance to the class were iiaciiwed. ,Thn a delicious salad course was served. Those " present worst. . , Mtese RuhyMarkham, ftrrall Sut ton, Mildred Vihurrh, ( Mty Belle Campbell, Klitie Baiietim, Iji Rue Hunter. Oris Bhoulers. Blanche llutchlna. Rmh Tnteat. WiHlne Worn hie. Alma ruwbee, Hon Barker, Myra williaine, luet fty. Maruls Rolsna. Saliie Crews, I'll Htfaarwu, AlbcfU ..!.,...- tt !' Page and Mr. Dave Dickey, New members Mhsice Flora Frenk, Nata Barker. Vlaitors Miaaes Nonle CaXT rlngton, Clyde Kearnes, Jarvls Haro, Myrtle Gates, Lily Goff and Meadamea Campbell, D. H.;Wlleox and R. D. Barker, ' , THK Al TtMN I1K1DK, - September and October are as much the wedding .months aa the first one of summer., Many brides prefer the autumn for ; then their pretty trouaeaua is prepared for the long winter. -:. , - The girl who la looking forward to her marriage day this autumn ' and la planning ber wedding gown will choose one of three materials. She will either wear white aatln, white charmeuae, or, if her tastes be sim ple, soft white mouceellne. No fab ric fa more charming for a girlish wedding dress than dainty clinging soft pull. But whether her gown Is of rich ivory aatln, the modish silk or the delicate muslin, .two -things It must be. It must be high necked and long alesvea and have a train. Convention long, long ago, declared that the modest trlde must go to the nuptial rait In a high-necked gown and Madame Grundy baa never changed this dictate. ' V 1 But no matter bow 4an)uriy the bride approaches the chancel rail, ahe no longer -conceals her-glrllah beauty behind a veil. Veils are still worn, but after the mode of the wo man who are presented at the Court of St. James. A handsome, head dress of flowers holda the veils In place. It completely covera the bride in back and falls to he tip of her train. A charming costume that witl.be worn by a bride In October la of Ivory-colored silk. It has a long, full train that atretches two yarda on the Boor. Though the train la full, the front of the gown Is scant and closefltting. ' . The bodice proper Is completely tueked chiffon. ' , , . The bodice proper In completely covered with hand-wrought lace. Thla la put on In the form of a sur plice. , The tulle veil cornea from a gar land of orange blossoms and the asme.algnlficant flowera decorate the long train. In her hand thla bride carries a hugh .bouquet of white or ch'da and HUes-o4he-valley. THK COLOR KOI KM K OF BKUTV Thla is the time of the year when every woman who Is Interested . In clothea and what woman is not! Is considering the overhauling of her wardrobe and tha purchase of an autuma outfit. Summer gowna with the advent of autumn gives one a shabby appearance, no matter how fresh tha coat u met msy be, for they ore incongruous with the season, and look decidedly out of place. la replacing one's supply of gowna it Is well to look over one's stock ae to-apeakt and see, what ta avail able for further nee, and what must be discarded. And, Incidentally, It Is well ta looking over passe gowns to profit by the mistakes msde In previous purchases. A frock which was unbecoming In cut or color, and haa been little worn because of these two disfiguring facta. Is not thrown sway la reality, for It ahould serve aa a warning against future mix ta kea. .. , . Of course, the backbone of the autumn outfit la the street suit, and its selection should be attended with great rare. To make a mistake In this costume, which Is worn by the average wman to a gerater extent than any other In her wardrobe, is something of a calamity. The wo man who la wlae and who wiabes to be well dressed aa well, makes her deslalon only after ahe haa expend ed soma time and more thought upon Us selection. . If ahe la a brunette, with black balr and eyes, ahe cannot do better than to have ber auit in one of the mart blues which have made their appearance In tha shops this season There ta a rumor afloat that blue la to be the color of the coming month: and If aoch la the tase the brunctt will be In her element But In selecting a suit of blue the really well groomed woman will not delde In favor of a shade either atartllng or wetrd. .There ere many of '-bene tonea now In favor and they are becoming to a great number of women, but for atreet wear they aro not ao smart aa a darker more sub dued tone. Another point agalns! theae greenlnh, electric bluea la that while they attract at Bret their at traction la short lived and a gown which must be worn a great deal grows decidedly tiresome if It Is In a startling ahade. But In eliminating lighter bluea there la still a great variety left from which to make a selection. So many women make the mlafake of thinking that If they forego n brilli ant shade they muat go to the other extreme and garb themaehes In a lustrous asvey tone. There ar an number of dark hues, at the asms lime vivid, "alive" tints, such aa royal blue, for Inxtance, from which the brunette ran select the all Im portant autumn auit. - The Wayside Ectinemlol. "I'll toll you what I II do," aald the brink woman. "You go out and pick me two or three quarts of blueberries snd I'll put some of them into a pie and bake It for you." ' "Lady." replied Plodding Pete, "I'm afraid yon don't read de paper. In des daya de perducer of raw ma terial an' de ultimate consumer , la kltrhln' so bard dat I couldn't con sider a tranaaction where I'd be both at once." Washington Star. Lurky Sow. fjlner See, waller, here's a plecs of ribbon in my pumpkin pie Walter- (with great preaence of mind) Ah, sir, you' are a lucky man! That was the prlte pumpkin hick took the hliie-rlbhon at the fair, and they conked It with tli rlVn on, Judge. aiiafi if r t t i.. U M i .. - . k 1 DIES FCI LABOR WORLD ThJre are 125,000 cotton mill operatives lo North Carolina. ' Berkley, California, la to have a municipal bureau. -t '1 There are now 106 unions In the Hebrew trades of New York City.; .Thirty-five States of the Union haw etitabllBhed bureaus of labor atatlatlcs. - .... v j; ' Palestine is making preparationa to' entertain the next convention of the' Texas 'State Federation of Labor. ' Telegr'apers on the Grand Trunk railway are preparing dtmanda for the betterment of the wage scale and,, working conditions. .. ; The mine workers of Northumber land, England, have declared them selves In favor of a strike for the abolutlon . of the three-shift system in use now. . Labor unions, throughout the State of Illinois have received ballots tor referendum vote on the forma tion of a labor party in the. State. The bakers union of San Francisco Calif., haa established a co-operative bakery, where French bread Is baked by union workmen under inion conditions. 1 1 The Missouri State Federation of Labor la working to obtain a pardon for John T. FiUpatrick of Kansas City who killed a non-union hack driver during a strike several years ago and Is serving a life sentence. In Melborne, Australia, facing the public garden, and Immediately in front of the Legislative hall, there standa a gigantic memorial pillar erected by the working people In commemoration of the adoption of the eight-hour law. There is a powerful movement In Germany, beaded by Frauleln Paul ine Werner, to require all girls, re gardless of station, to do compulsory domestic service, just aa the young men are required under the law to do compulsory military service. : The union Bailors of the , Great Lakes are preparing a lenghty re port on too condltlona of their craft. to be submitted to congress, in sup port of the bill to be introduced at an early date by the Bailors' union during the next session of congress. In England, when the present plans are fully completed, $500,000 a year wilt be expended on govern ment labor agencies In 240 places throughout the country, within , an area as large as New York, Pennsyl vania and New Jersey, with about twice the population of theae States. Plana have been drawn to publish in Manchester, England, a half penny dally, newspaper, devoted to the labor and ' socialist movement, and called the Sun. Trade uniona and other organizations are being Invited to' subscribe the necessary xapltal of Let r. 1 100,000 for the en- IWJH IK. ' -.-At' the 'lU BeuYorofhe' TraueB Unions, congrese of England the fol lowing waa unalmously. adopted "That the time has now arrived when every man must be a member of a union of his trade and when the date la fixed, no. one will work after that time with non-union men." 4 . BOCOSLOr AT IT AC A IX. ' The Little Fire Vouatala That lakes -, ' Masd . A steamship which baa Juet arrived at Seward. Alaska, report that Bo goalof, an active volcano in the chain of the Aleutian Ialanda, hi sending out vast clouds of smoke, which ere donations Indicative of further neces sary changes in the chart of the sin gular archipelago off the Alaskan coast. When Bogoalof has been vio lently active in the past, the ocean round about hns Sfeen In a seething ferment, and presently new elands have appeared. Thus, Fire Island was created in 1MJ. Perry Island In 1 90S, McCulkwgh IVak in 19n. The Utter obliterated about half of Perry Island In the violence of Its own emergence, only to disappear beneath the waves in the -course of the following year, la March. I$9. while Bogoalof emit ted fire, ashes and sand, another isl and Ix-came vwlbla. Alasksne have called the Aleutians "The Jack In the box group," for "now you see them and now you don't," There are about l.'.O island In that (roup. A cvntury or ao ago their population may have been 30.000; at present It ta Wi than 2.000. Russlsn missionaries have been among the na tives, and they are nominal adherents of the Greek church. Tbey subsist Chiefly by bunting and flahing. It ta difficult for whips to approach the beaches because, of the treacherous reefs off shore. There are no trejs. The animal Inhabitants are the fox and the reimle r. and the hardy ma riners take aeal and otter aa well as fish. , These Ialanda seem to be the re mains of a bridge between the Alaska peninsula and Asia, Aa they form a dtaintergrated chain, the southward boundary of Bchrlng Sea. all the way to Kamchatka. It Is not wlldl be yond the bounds of probability that some day they will be utilised, as the keys of Florida are being iiaed, for stepplng-etonca by the railways build ers to Key ..West. If there are dlv tapcea too great to be spanned and depths thst cannot be plumbed, car- ferries may be operated. But In any event It will be sec canary to give Bo goalof a wide berth, as well aa the Wanda which the aftermldable Hub fire-mountain alternately produces and destroy. Phllsdehihla Public Ledger. It Martled the Werld hen the astounding claims were first made for Bucklen's Arnica Solve. but forty years of wonderful cures have provod them true, and every. short It la now known aa the best vlaee on earth foe Burns, Bolla. Scalde Sorp,Cuta Bruise Sprains Swellings, Kcxoiiia. C:hintMd hands, Fever Sores aud I'Mea. V'r S".c at ft. BLicknaUa Son,... ., . . 'M,t , ' fit 4 l L1TKKAKY NOTES. There in nn, nnvoltat vhn la firm v ' - ' " - .... J I convinced that the smoking room of. a trans-Atlantic steamer is the worst place in the world In which to write a novel. The novelist Is Harold MacGratb, anthor of The Man on the Box, The Lure of the Mask and a long list of other best-sellers. ' Mr. MacGrath ' returned from Europe last aprinR on the Lusitanla. ' He had completed a tour of the world, lin gering long in Greece, Turkey, Persia Arabia and India and Industriously jotting down his Impressions of thone mysterious lands with a view te con verting their color and charm to his own llterary uses. He filled his eyes and ears and notebooks and had embarked happily for New York when the thing happened. Three days out from Liverpool, MacGrath diclded to retouch some of the preliminary chapters of the novel he had evolved The Carpel from Bagdad. He was sitting In the smoking saloon of the ' Lusitlania busily writing away when a gust of wind struck his table and the shepii of the manuscript flew in a doecn directions. The steward helped hjm pick them tip, and MacGrth gave po further thought to the matter until afternoon, when he had 'strolled ''ip to watch the "wlreleaa" oponaor at curious knowledge MacGrath had picked up an ability to "read" the souttering signals of the "wireless". He listened awhile carelessly then stiffened in attention as he caught bis own name at the end of a long message. ... "MacGrath". the Instrument was saying, "will hold him New York.", The novelist wondered who bis namepake might be, and why the man should face arrest in New York; but it waa not until later that he v.rdjr- stooJ. Two days more wore on, aad MacGratb worked away at bia manu script; but whenever he looked 'up from'his work it waa to see a certain foreign-looking gentleman seated near him. The man got on Mac Grath 's nerves; be followed him Sail over the ship. Finally the voyage drew near its end." The great steamer entered the lower bay. Mac Grath was in his stateroom, packln his hand luggage when a knock, at the door waa followed by the ap pearance of the mysterious foreigner, . two husky men in uniform at tils heels. "Your baggage, sir," he demanded sharply. -.- - . ,. , ... - MacGrath startsd In amazement. The Intruder did cot repeat his re quest, but began at once to upset the contents of the novelist's bass. Mac Grath, startled and raging, was for ed to submission by the burly at tendants, and the strange visitor completed a search which occupied an hour and took Into consideration even the Itning of the novelist's clothes, '. " " "' uiot ""."" awln' ' 1 uo you taae me lor a smuggler:" he demanded "Vol else?" said his captor. "This Is your own writing, yes?" , He ex tended toward MacGrath a sheet cf paper oa which the author recognis ed hia own bandnrlting. But; as he glanced at la MacGrath broke Info a laugh in which smusement and ex- aaperaUon were mingled. Thc:Kfal disability, t The original nan abeet of paper read: "Smuggling u a fine art, a keen sporting proposition, and the con sequences of discovery ure never very serious. Wbst's a fine of a thouaand "dollars against the profit of many surceaaful excursions Into the port of New York? Nothing, comparatively. For several );ea-s now we have carried on this business with the utmost adroiteas. Never have we drawn serious attention. We have proanered. Here Is a gem let us aay worth on this side a thous and: over there we sell It for enough to give us a clean profit of three cf four hundred. Forty per cent, upon our invetment. That ought to be enough for any reiaonable person." it waa a page of MacGrath'a manu script of The Carpet from Bagd id that bad blown from the table and bad not been recovered. r MacGrath finally ronvlnred the sealoua secret-service man of bia in nocence; but he has resolved to write ao more novels on shipboard ;ooi IIOAIW IX THK pKH'TII Coart l.ioe to tierate a ;mmI lloailx Tralit Over Until HtMeni. The Atlantic Coaxt Line will handle the national good roada train over Its entire system, starting Out from Richmond, Va., November 2?d. Tbla train will conaist of two coaches, one of which wPl contain models, operated by electricity, of road working machinery of varioua rhsrarterf, and forms of various them training and apprentice kinds of good roada. These will be'blp; it haa committed them to the displayed In an attractive way, andjmo,t casual and unpleasant employ open to the public. The other coach I fent; and It haa provided excuse will be equipped for lectures and stereoptlcon views. A private ear will accompany the train for the ac commodation of the lecturers. Two government rosd engineers and a representative of 'he American Association for Highway Improve ment, will accompany the train, as will, alao, a representative of the At lantic Coast Line, The train wilt niak from one to two stops lt each county In the state jTll, not due alone to the hu of Virginia. North Carolina. South .band's or the employer's low eatl- ' Carolina. Georgia. Florida and bams, through ahlch the Atlantic! Coast Line runs. Free ilemonatra tiona and stereoptiron lectures will be alven at each ston. The object of thla train.. Is to stimulate bigbaav Improvements. ani slve practical Instruction In the "HiHne. anit maintenance of innrv ed roada, with a view of deducing the' coat of farmer In the moving of their crops to the railway. The nubile In Invited to eo-nnerate in. every way, and to attend these coofersnrea. . , . . ., .. tt . 'Win A k k- k A 008Kwtt8080tt8w8 X WHY WOMEN ARE UNDERPAID,! i 2 g ; By Teresa Labor has won from the modern world an admission that it has been unduly handicapped in the life-struggles, snd this admission la the foun dation of much recent legislation. But aa in all such cases, the new con sciousness of a wrong done Ja largely nullfled in action for want of a clear dlagnosis of the disease. Large numbers of people want to help to set things right; very few of them, will take the trouble to equip themselves for the task. , : This is especially true with regard to the case of the woman workers. Tbelr state Is admitted on every aide to be much Worn than that o fthe men workers. But no special study ts undertaken to find the cause of this special discrimination; the cir cumstances is glibly experienced aa being due to lack of organization, to lack of the suffrage, to lower physical capacity and Intelligence,' to the 'working of the law of aupply and ' demand, or to the temporary nature of tne etnpIoyment of women compared with that of men All these explanations are unsat isfactory, though an element of truth may be discovered in each .of them. They may show how things have remained so bad, why they have baffled the reformer; but fhey aupply no bint of the orglnal cause of the lower economic status of wo men. They deal rather with aecon ondary effects on the first cause, which In their turn aggravate the orig nal evil, and aa the popular ex planations fall short of the truth, so the popular solutions based upon tbem fell short of their purpose. , The possession of the vote wiil not remove the world, though it mat be made one means torn-arris that end. The lack Of trade unions has not caused the industrial plight of women, and their Institution alone will not abolish it. Women are not underpaid and over-worked because they are physically and mentally; on a lower level than man, who are comparatively well paid; they are physically and metally on a lower level because they are underpaid and over-worked. These are not causes, they are effects reacting again aa secondary causes. . The whole truth lies beyond all these suggestions, and each of them can be woven Into the fabric of which it is the foundation.' The root cause of the peculiarly un happy condition of women workers is that they suffer a double handicao Men are handicapped once as work ers; women are handicapped twlci I once as workers and once, as women t lien are handicapped by capital, wo- i fnamft PA tBniiinAnu.i Au Wu .ll land second by man, I sTbe burden of capital falla with out regard to sex. At the best it Is imposed equally on men and wo men; at the worst It lies more cruel ly, as with all burdens of this nature upon those who are already handi capped. But this U not the weak ness which the first handicap bai , produced. It serves to make a bad i condition worse, to increase an in dicapping of women, without which their present condition would not be, will be found to proceed from quite a different '.ource. In the days of primitive and do mestic industry women performed a large share of the labor of the world; but they performed It in the home, and they did not perform It as free sgents. the fruit of the wo man's toll waa the possession of the husband, all that she had was his, all that ahe made waa bia. Her labor In the home made no differ ence to her dependant position. The law held that she was maintained by ber husband; the fruits of her labor in the home were never re garded aa bt ing any concern of hers and as they came to her hunband automatically, as a matter of course, ho regarded them aa of little account The value of the work of all women was seriously depreciated by thU condition. IVomm'a work waa not work; it was duty, and as such it had no money value. From this source has come the .underpayment of women in the la bor market. Wife-maintenance la theoretically universal, and its full credit Is counted to the man, whether th? wife, who is "maintained,' is a parasite or a serf makes no differ ence to the theory, which has suf ficed to lay a snec'al sex burden upon women In the Industrial world. The prevalence of this low level of wage return for women; it hs limit ed opportunity for them; It has tle- for the employers, who sweat women and the public too which permits this sweating. The Initial sex-handicap Imposed upon women workers hai made itself felt through different channels. In the first place these, who gave their work for, nothing In the , borne, naturally were offered lower wages than men would accept when the Sold them labor OUtalde of the home A'a-'"tion of work done under com l""ion. but ao to the acceptance of thla low estimate of woman In the second place. Outside labor undertaken by married women es pecially In the early days of the lo duxtrlal revolution, when many of the domestic trade Were still left in their hand waa commonlv suo- plercntary. It waa not expected in sapp'r trie waole family Income Knui'overs took advantage of tbla comJlilou to get their labor per- 'rinel at a tlirap r.ite. They untk ialmilar advantage of the legal bo- ,u,ttn i.v-w .. 4S Blllington - Greig t j'4 id. , ' . . . . I , . . d sltion, reducing the payment 'flade to women to a naif or a tplrcl-ojthat given to men tor the same oM, on the score that wife-maintenance was imposed upon men and husband maintenance was not imposed upon women. ' ' ' . ' ' A fourth factor in the result bas ed itself upon the same root-evil. The alliance of sex and barter pro vided the woman with an additional means of livelihood mnrrlagj, or prostitution and Snacrupuloua em ployers took full advantage of this. Why Momen Are Underpaid No 2. Still one other aspect of the action of thla" wife-maintenance practice calls for attention. Women's work in the labor market was always .look ed upon as temporary the .average woman woul get married gome day and be supported. She wes merely a temporary visitant to the industri al world, and even If her lot for a time waa bard, It was a matter of comparatively small moment later she would be logically aecur of .life maintenance. . , . r , Every practice, every excuse, comes back finally to that source. Wife-maintenance is the chief cause of the underpayment of the woman worker. i The root of the special Industrial evil from which women workers suf fer is the custom among men of giving, and among women of taking an economical return for sex. ;.The sex of man is not worth any money to him; it does not bring him food and shelter. He must depend upon his human powers for his livelihood. But to women, sex has been made a way of life, an Industry, a trade, and the woman worker seeking her livel ihood bv her human powers alone a sacrificed to a continuance of these conditions. Marriage depen dence, and not the want of the suf frage, is thus seen to be the primary cause of the sweating of women workers. Pallatlon of the present conditions may be achieved by the use of the vote and by the weapons of organization, but only palliations. Sex and economics have been knit together, and the economics of the position of women csnnot be solved apart from this quenlon of sex-barter. Full economic opportunity for women, equal pay for equal work, with apprenticeship and , training facilities, are antagonistic of .wire maintenance. The new demands snd the old condition csnnot subsint together, but the abolition of the old condition must place upon the very women who make the new de mands a heavy burden te burden of personal economic indenendenee. lathis bgrden, tahouiafereiihere is hope. If It la ahickei, if leJa lative compulsions fa applied to sup port an unstable condition for the protection snd advantage of women, then we shall aee the women's move ment peter out Into insignificant futility, the new voter playing with their new toy, and the great prob lems with their .harvest of evils ly ing untouched. THE CHECK ItAISEK. Frustrated by Simple Method I'm-J b? Wentern Concern. , ' A large concern In the middle vest the victim of several cases of check raising, now uses a method whin it is claimed, defies even the men: skilled check manipulator, tays R. W. P., In Business and the. Book keeper. . The check Is filled out in the t-;at wy on a typewriter nd the smoaat written both in figures and fccrdsu Then, In the slanature apare. the amount la again typewritten in worda and figures. In signing the check the company official writes his name over the amount Thus, an atttmpt to raise the check will be me; with Ave obstacles; the amount written in worda and figures In the reeiittr way; the same thing written In inc signature space, and the s.an.itt.re itself. That a check manlpuleior ran-auc- tessfully raiae check written In tne regular way. unless a check protec tor la used. Is shown by the a any cases that occur almost daily. Mat a alanMure written over the imti int of the cheek makes alteration lm- posslb'e for any attempt to rhrtitn the word or figures affects ta-j!-nature and makes detection The concern using this methcl states that since It adaption no check of theirs ha been ra'--t. tail proving the worth of the method. ose ef the Llrker. Dr. Wines, principal of a school, just before he sent on hie b i- luay had occasion to cane a null. and H Is to be supposed did ts work thoto'ighly. The lad took hi reveng' l:t a wv that the doctor himself could not Mp laughing at. Or. Wines' front d r bore a plt on which waa the one wo-d "Wine." The bay wrcte an addition U thia In big lettei. ao that when the doct r cam home the Inscription ran: ine and other llckcrs. Urn. d.n Tit-Bit. ai Omelette or Hi lie. Serjaor Marline, of New Jrcy - (he 'farmer senator," a If ! h lrlIe to be called wa re"n it Washington memories of hi farm life. "What quaint tnindt." he ' talJ have thoae New Jersey ro'oreJ fclk a ho work New Jersey's fsrrn! I f niember an old uncle who me in i'ed In a tib of potato huei- l.l !nf in tttv e-s the tr.1le of eh ei: " Thicken.' be said, 'la ao a- u- modatm. Dey'a so aci'oonnoda'ia' i.b. Yo' can eat 'em be'o' dey's haa a, an' yo" tan eat 'cm afuhjv dead. K I V.VV. V'.' A'.