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1 'AV Ml v .1 il ! r. 1 1 r- i ' -v v. :r l " -n? 'nr.Tkw ; m r- vt i"j v.y Jl Wll ti II i iii - ii ii S AND TVFOT I pr. W. A. Evan, tits greatest kuthorlty on pr"nttv m4tiii In !h country. wtlr fir tb Chicago Tribune -Ho to Keep Well." states thai during A (. September and October there I .r'ater danger af eontr-tlng typho'd fever than any Khar time of th year. He y thM who escane until kovember 1 U'rJ safs. Typhoid It t-t dlr'aae, the tarter. being taiten Into th system with fond d wetr. If the are uwis ssfs lhar. U no danger from fever. ' Th moat ironyrtant article of food from th tyr standpoint $a milk. Typhoid gets Into milk from th hands of pcp!t who handle milk. Ths fir or wllJtt.' snv on who h handled the en, ths workers. In th factory. th rillimrn la town, or tar or. was hsm'l.'es rrl'k In th fcousrho'd vhi-t la uted ran b re apenstbit for Ita Irfe-rtler. with typhoid- A typhoid water vpply cn 'h farm would (tread it. r throeM infection ef th co ci:n'!t the water, hut through uh!n t.i cur with It. If milk to pm:rir rrisc4 It Is! taf from UttecUon by an? one hojMsntsrd make and no others, thor- 4. ijr An ITUiM.ls atoM) frhcre milk In pro eV I ease la) llw neighboring ttliae. saadled It prior to tbs t:me of Iaa trartsatlon. . Raw milk should nwr be used wlthetlt heating To heat milk pat the bottle In Viler of cold water and heat nttl'Blr th" n,de proving a most profit- bobble are t Isms ! the milk inn W servant In many other duties. tk milk In th refrtgerstor or cool It Finally with faucet water. It should U kept below It degrees. Pj'tlBg typhoid torriH milk Into lot coll will nr kit the barter a.'-4 mae to. milk t: The ml k tr Tiffee. fie of th cop .! It vore. P'twern tl.eee w the n..Or.' s Inwervf In a point "e am e th typ.ell hecterta t te -nrtt safer to drit.k hot milk n Tt&h than ILti tw W rm. ''of and ht ( till ta ameht easier x -.h dUetttor. tnn rvffe and cream. It win nt t a' to drink com- sierrUI raw ia:k foe several K I not r."- tha. every man he drinks rtw ni:k sill get typhoid frwr. If tha. rer t.l tnee Would) ..,.14 rtee ap.,rWl.e.,alv sad the sttlea would be cW. Th rondltlon art etulanreees jm rlthout Injury. I ffaee wha Iibv !( ar- In ika' a:iM,.-1(y Nevrrtheieat tn-r ta a -' t- j.f hazard whkb no nn I Justl W4 la awumlng. tie not let any werd go In need tn he orchard r garden It's easier to nil the one plant than the hundred Bilng from It nest year. appmitmatety 14 SO famllle are teaiaing on farm hlh ar he at watered by th government lit l ntkin tana la THE GTOFAGE OF ROOT ClIOPS Uy K J. lVlwlrfte, WWconaln. Hoot crops r valuable for stork fling, both fr thir content of dl- ruble nutrients and In supplying culent feed for the winter months, Mer good rendition a large amount f feed pr srr ran be grown from ota, fer thla reason -they are u- W en small farms where the smount land under ruiiivation is smalt. hoots ran prot-aMy he grown f..r than It ter Ion under favorable) "Miditinna, The cost of prod -t ton wrscre u spprexlmately III per acre, Mang. u rive the hiavl.tt )lrld per thick Inter of atraw or coarte Imrao winter niay be ennlly built. This pro wane i mi he rmtsMo. lg a drain vide for o layers of straw and two own; the p rernl the gronosl "wwing wstcr-fge4(. 1 Kti ... , . ... 1 j... .... nignrr in litis reepa I neT mange or turnips. fln r, B , h , pll roo, W fc,eD lurttii end rut!-.gs tin not keep-without freeslng rven In th toldent i ell as soma other roots. They, a inters. If deaired, Ih piles may b j "ll b fed tn the fall and rtrly.msde ehlong Instead of r on I. a I In ' M" wrisrvt i df)Kltl tk WA ..ssAla xV tl ' " ' " ot.ier hameil. mi int. - aaafgrnsj grrp Tt ri OTBl 'f hts tirtwtata mlnm..A i , " ar - w wtvi v'W. in fc! ,,p , tnntM in wr lhay .re to be rellsr may be a fwrt of a . . natnnt oe tt n ir,.m u ' Ihs stock barn, i A eurrv eon, s i. - ....a . ItiM. l in ,. ""r ara rt!y wll . Bt y l Ih am person milk Ih. asm. a JJ?,rf J'F " Posalbl. hacaua aa??.BM mi'",r " nsrvou. .nd affsot. the milk GET RIGHT ON THE SEPARATOR By Bcsale L. rutman. Did you evtr know a. parson who ha a rrllablo aparatnr to aay thut It dona not pyT They all tnll you It la t way to do It tha only way. Tha other day an rn.tfalntanc 1a ned of a ,heel for aoma machinery' vMted a junk pile. In a neighboring city and dlartvered a aeparntor which ketlnc tha corn crop. With tha ex-' "looked almost new." But ha did not cepiiun of chicken, they are the moat t that. "Wii It a tni.rtard make? numerous of all farm animal, and "N'n, one of th kind mad only o'ara grown for market on mora farms ell waa tha reply. 'than any other ctock. Hog ralsKig ha We only rondered what waa tha ; probably mada mora clear "money for result of this purchaaa and tt early the corn-belt farmers than any .other eonaianment ,n tha Junk plla. Was enterprise. In view of this ona might It a general condemnation of tha sep- expert to find bogs the best housed arator? Or did tha owner find ha had of any animals on 'the farm, hut tha mada mltake In his selection of a tppotilts Is tha case. It la still bard machine, arid so at last start right. 'for many farmer io get rid of tha after pr'mentlng with a machine 'notion that anything la good enough which was only a vexation ? for a hog. Look st a first class machine and There la no animal on the farm note the SJgh speed attained. Only which requires better protection from th het material and workmanship ran be srln1ed In such a coin bin- atlon. It Is no wonder thut separators which sre worth owntng cost money. ! Tet a good one will soon pay for It- j e'f and with proper -ar It will UiM almost a llfJm. fywik over the ougniy r.eror investing, nut get a good nn. If you are the first In th neighbor- hod to give the separator a trial. m- .mK-. . .hi ,.,. . ,i until th other, win follow your es- foung rigs can be kept warm and; alley door, one hog door, and one ample aa a flock of sheep follow their .well supplied with sunshine and fresh 'small window. In this house over to trader. Ton may have led In rwth- ;alr. A little pig takes cold very eaally, per cent of the early pigs were lug before, hut neighbors will soon se.d recovers slowly If at all. To pre-ln some seasons, mostly from thumps, j the advan-Agea of the machine andlU taking cold he must be kept The loss tn a single season would have . fall la Una. On the other hand. If yon have Al lowed tha reel to precede you, the sMvanre step must be nrnd If you hohj your pla in the ranks of dairymen. The work of separating a moderate . amount of milk la easy In comparison with the old way, or even with keep; Ing alter on It In a tank. If It rune too heavy a gasoline engine will soon Keep g dish for the do and ,h!o bull" barn before putting eat In a ronvenient place where you ' up ' tao hou' r'ng. "The barn can Uk off th froth before straining ,lD buUl ,hB bu h and separating. , Froth only prove in ' 'P the barn." nuiaaar In th separator but thiTnU Prtnclpl seems to be lost sight chickens will be glad to get any that ,ot "hen u com" to ,h ho houses yet tne og or cat leave. Ml t II ntlTT OS tiTTLE Gltorf. Th area required :jr th prod'je. tton of fruit for th ca of th aver age family need not be large If good ear Is given. One acre devoted to th orchard and vine fruits In approx imately the? following number will - ' . ' i . B,iir, wim twin vi pur, pivm. pesi-h. sour- cherry, sweet cherry, quince and grape. Three hundred strawberry pianta. twenty-five each of .-""" "JTZ T i !?," ".'n1 goeberrl.-r. L. ir tn cow naa rwrurie4 teata n very caution about Inserting milk tube, pmbe. or qulla Nothing of th kind should he Inserted In a row's tt. exrepttng aa a but resort; and then only with tha most extreme rare and clranlinrea. fthelM walnnu worth I .!. ph tographlc paper worth ItT.trl and kid and Umb skins worth H4.lt!. were the largest Items In the shipments from Orenobie, rtsnce, to the t'nlted .xi ate daring th second quarter of lU. la most places the root nous can h built bim ecottonili ally of '-rTrete. l Ordinarily cement Is th onl, ertl that has to he purrhssed. The .ravel and sand ar usually svsllsble at no great dlatanre on most farms. JVhll th temperature In a root house should never fall to the freezing point- should h at a low point for beat re suti In keeping roots. ' Whita bo cellar Is avallnhl. roots msy lie stored in pita. Tor fall and ekrly winter feeding, they need not te rotered to any krrst depth. Th root of earth. ret in diameter on a bed of clean oter,d with soft gloj, dually m.d. V.lthougl, some breed, prove them-' ff.TA) S ) I .ravea ll-uTh. ? ?,v. a mu.i J j JtCirA itrsw. then covered Wth . layer of'.t th rnd of a day or two that hi selves more antendub'e i the I. ,u. n-e ) C , J$f A ISfcpt&i T n. ?t L- Z ..'nJ M hi fZx' t & Inch,, of l.mg strsw. Clean ry.'h.i.d. are soft, and oftn blistered. ,af lHt;nn than otl.e... kMAj) 'ImiI I know farmin h lwi ' PA SAVi .traw I. prefers Mr this pur.U horse, flesh I. no different from . n.iry farmer, ar. fl,y M.vc to ,h. iS4 iXTvir IVZZ l! vl Jfel rita .traw at th anei f th pit m; man's. In this respect, and whenever import.nc. of heredity 1, this . e.t.! t;nv& ' 1 ,o h. m. snd the stTk whnl e"r l4v'V4 iStl ' '"i '; r-mea In contsct with a hard sub- j ,,hoUrh they .fa -or cattle of, f; lTT&j ji area .go I ff tnTnwn Jr tn h Icvi nf SlV?'' U1 PA ' inches in diameter for ventll.tlon. stam. It will. In time, become galltd. certain bre, da, they fljh, ,hy f catt.e ' ' ' ' 'imMr f ' " utAU ltrt is throan on the nil to a depth! lough and able te resl.t continued of those breeds from p. librae t-r.lJ ' ' ,ntjsrwni. This aiw.j. mskes a hoy j or . . ty ; rsa) A ' ,( six Ini hes. The roots are plied as . pre anirr. without Injury. Th metal Thlv la because they have foun t th.it T e ll'i rs' rrad runs from th .u. , , ... I I I ' jf Ihl ill ' hl.l. a. possible so a. tn abed water, hom-collar I. In greal favor with ped.rrcc l ull. ,n mam ,-We ge l"' " ' ? Z ",I "T T"M" ,M'a1' ,hr TVA l tlV&Ztw r rly winter feeding th layer many horsemen, for thla reason. The, calve. f.,r .,H-rir In tlotrv ..iinMy f. 7.t ",', ITL1 t,eTralia7t. Je! '?" ?' l4MPMP- sf dirt should b Ihb k snd In ad- claim that It Is slw.vs cool; the dr.fl ,e ,M of i.ity.i.r,,, h..l.V, V 'JS u r.i"! the Am J' 1'" J T ' 7 -7 lOTC. dltlon a coverln, of atragr or horse sdju.ted to the nhol. neck In.,-,! TlK ,,, of un.mtshlo, hull tlucV ?.d tLLTn.Z f,7j! ull2 nw llTl Z ' -Vtjlj U A ventilator mad of fonr-l lH.n l py a dollar er anr othor sum rds la placed al the p.:for some -set ret- about poultry mis- ver frwsmg west her sets In ing. We will gnarante : every llator la stuffed tightly with valuable "secret ' about Ih l.ualiieaa inch boards When sever ,n T,, -. ....i..i. k...i.lal-sH. prmpf, TflBIMinB llir pliMr IHIHI, n iiiiti - , . ..aa . - a a. ' pilfi ' O W9TJ Will I H I DK I" a..,.a la ..aa... A . sVa as. A ! a iriilaf v ItMM rt l"g( it IIHK vrw sjiimvi - Ww(J h( h fe bnl makeahlfl. at heat. A root house which Is arret- slbls al all time U mui h Mr satis- -ira M.nr. ,miral in i ha long run. Th. Burlcy Tobacco Cmnpenjr, . Ohio, ul Iwa of It msmber. for d-magM bscauta they aold lhair erop. . whan It eultsfl thsrrt lisiteaa nf wsit-i ing when the pool. gay. lhm n-t.. . AiA.a aa.lnat th. society holding that It U a irusl ns Ih. snntraet w. llUgal M blr.f la rattraint .f trade. PROPERLY BUILT HOG - DRYNESS, WARMTH, FRESH AIR, SUNSHINE AND FREEDOM FROM DRAFTS . . ' ARE ESSENTIAL POINTS TO CONSIDER WHEN BUILDING. , By J. A. Warren. , In tha corn belt hog furnlah on of in most Important meana of mar cold than the hog; none for which good bed Is more necessary: and none, so much In need ot sunshine as the little pig. The horse and the cow have good eonts of hair, even a calf or a colt when h-ft In the cold 1 provided with a good fur coat; the ben's feathers are m eai oi rnim uim Kg-smsi coio, but the hog has almost nothing be- twee his tkln and the weather. One of the first requisites fof sue- ri with hoes Is a shelter where dry. warm, away from drafts, and! provided with frah air.' On the average, the hog house is!' the poorest building on th farm and the traat adapted. to the purpose for nch It was Intended. Oood barns m,y b seen en a large proportion of (ha fsrms. but good hog houses are generally hard to find. It Is economy Pt up first th buildings that will "If "ot to make money. A large portion of the farmers recognise this no other tralldlng on th farm pays for Itself so quickly, republished dsta collected by the writer shows thst good hoc . men average about even pigs raised to th litter and A A common bat ntwalWartory type nf Itog Ikmim. I'nttn lrn light, ami stands north and sua ill. B. A tery w Kuhm. no prmbdoa of light or ventt Alton. C A m-M-bulll, wcll-arrnngrd hog huww, alumlng ar rangrnwiu of eut4lo pens. I. Hog hnttsc (i-rna. J .n) showing; silirre tlx- anus rays sltould reach. TIIK MKTAL HOUSK-TOLLAIl. It hi a mistake to us a very soft I collar rn a hor Th collar shouli b a firm as It ran possibly be mad. snd If of leather, th surface should smooth, hard, and th collar lt:r evenly stuffed with the best of hair, iv e or other ln resitting msterlaL The coon roti.Tnr m;iwion. miH ht published on or mora time in thrse cot'irr.n every yenr. The man who al.rilse secrsts"' Is wwklng for mi k era, every tlm. i tr - m.MU- aa 1 1 ttaUiJl Ik Iwi akhatt t liniw ..-.-. a .A , ..lns !. awtPelawW rnTTPq III WW 1 1 1 II in i'i wi r. a - . A K.a t w mmlll r" 1 safMli I n pr I v -- - hecln lo lay befora winter cornea, It i hn no neen onmonsiraien n.ai i forced moulting, If It m.ke any dlf- in i ha annual luliut of ess from a hen, Is a flamnge rather than a benefit I'm" nbd h ar. allowed lo benefit wnun nr. aimwea to moult naturally lay st Seaai as msny ei a. they would If Ihey hid teen forced lit mailt sly, Miller 1'ui- i , .. - M. fanl la i1 - ' wwM areat blttleP making 1ty In th warld, Omaha V'"".'.".!! w Hn too.' piop .l -. - n V the ofT.pring. ir V . Cf 7 gurpam this record. The sams da'a indicates that the go: -rat aver age raieed tu the farm fees not ex ceed four pigs to tha.Dtter. This wide difference Is very largely due to the housing. Many houres which cort enough to b good are thoroughly urftt for the purpose because the sun can t ot ehinxt,,,, , u.h d. Th. um. h.u Info tha pens. Nearly every large hog house is deficient in either sun shine or ventilation, or In both. The writer has In mind a farrowing pen seen on one of the most highly Improved farms In the middle west. To replace the buildings on this farm would cost many thousai d of dollars.' The hog house la the neartwt building to the house, and stands between It and large, fine, modern horse barn. Tbls hog shed Is t feet wide and 14 feet long. There Is not a window or ventilator In it. the only mesne of ad mitting air snd light being the alley doors and a' few small hog doors. A more unsuitable structure could hardly be deviad. i edge of another hog house quite slm-1 run ui Kiiuinrr ui's m liar to this but only about half as. laree. the onlr oncalngs being one more thsn paid for a good building. A little nig loves sunshine and needs almost as much as he nteds food, Plery Bt ror tn" repose un- less it admits direct sunnhlnn onto the floor of every pen at the time the pigs are farrowed, fiimtaheae plenty of fresh air. and provides for exercise in the open air. Dryness, sunshine, warmth, fresh air, freedom from drafts, and exercise ar of primary I th windows so aa to get th max Importance In rasing pigs. These so-1 Imum amount of sunshine at the' time cured, the battle Is half won. fa putting up bulldlnr the six require ments just mentioned must be kept constantly In mind; sot -one can be neglected. - ' , t - Th variety of hog house Is utmost as great as th variety of Individuals using them. . It ta rare, indeed, to find even a semblance of uniformity pre vailing in a community, : There are. however, only two or three general Although th general run nf dairy cows are of no definite breeding, they ar not necessarily the worse for that Good dairy quality la a-i-.-.lu!! il.ar actriistlc Which la horeilltary to en eminent degree. A Ir-iiis line) of an centors of dairy rharmier on bwth aldi-s of th family trpe Is quite iif-fli-lcnt to lniur good dn.ry quail. ut the offspring. I'alry rh;iractr has I cen d- lonel by careful solertlon. It Ir net n ,u.i!lty' tj '. ti V, 1 "V- Xlf .V'i-i j X v S'-" -S h VV I J ClianiMWm UnlaKin at lit, re. la Main fair. not show of what they era capable unil three yeara after hi Introduction. Imrlnif thea three yewa. that bull, If he la a wrong- one, win hav Rem , daairoy'.iig th dairy ihais.-ier that, , duairoyiiig th tlalry inis.-ier that, . pnnbiy took rnany yeses in etab- Hah , - V Th. reon Wny pfl!gr. bulla In! ttts peat have fal.rd as popular alee In I lie dairy herd. I. to be sttiibutsd to a great estent lo tbs ealile-ehewo. Iiraednrs of bnll for sals, nalurally ' '"t J?19 ,..w,r van. una Jf th aviivt n tht ivyara, - DAIRY COWS HOUSES types which commend themselves to the careful hog man. Of the twoi styles of large houses, the larger has two rows of pens, an alley through the middle, and a Josr in the roof for win- dows to light the t.osth pens, while , the smaller has hul una row of nna. with an alley and a row of windows much cheaner oer nen and for that reason Is to be preferred. Less workj0"'" ,nel due to Ignorance or Is also required to care l'or the hog: rarelessi.es or both of ihe women than where a single row of pens l,folk on lne farm. Bu. this is aot al used. A Urge hog house should always stand east and west, facing the south, so that the maximum amount of sun shine may be had In each pen. When a ilnnhi. torn, im ,ia whinh i. much i the cheapest, the outside pens on th.1'0"" ,,lrl, lne nousewire never has north are often of little use In early spring and late fall on account of the shade and the cold winds. This dif ficulty can be partially overcome by changing sows so that those which have not farrowed and those with the oldest pigs, which have least need of 'warm outside pens, are on the north ...... tAm In a majority of Urge hog houses the upper window, are not so placed b that the sunshine will strike the floor " Is most needed them. In- n deed, a hog house with the wtndowsl, In i the proper posiUon Is rarely aeen. Direct sunshine aho' "4 strike the floor In every pen for as many hours in the day as possible at th time when the pig- are .arroweo. iseany every one realizes this la a matter of the great- est Importance, but too often the builder does not take the trouble to find out whether he is getting It or not. Ordinarily the farmer has no meana of ascertaining where to put , he wants it, unless he happens to be building Just at that time, which Is very unusual. ' The country la dotted with hog houses In which th owner thought he was putting the windows where he wanted them, but found later they were In the wrong place. In double houses the windows for lighting the south pens must be as high up as possible in order to get them away from the hoy-. I Bulls of dairy strain at one year jold. th usual age for exhibiting, do not fill the eye with the same effect aa the beef type, so they do not ap pear In the prise list and are hranilej as Interior accordingly. V. It. Gil bert A XOVrL ffTRKKT nAIUVAV. There Is a street railway in the Phil ippines which Is operated by hut's 77 ef ii Lj m , Ji er. by a little iwtive perched i. toe front end of the rocf. He lite l oilint I ut a queer mixture of Unglwh ami Kim in nroianltv, srj a wnndea road about four fort Icnc. with which be prods the anln u s li.to action from time lo llfro, defending from hla perch snd rtmnlnj alongitlda whenever nccc:a.nry. MAtitu.K Kirtr NOTnf CotisUc? whsl a r:y and d- agrwai.'a tak It Is lo shup up any) of th-i farm anln.cls after they wuv rtsirl down-hill and you II rurly how profitable It wl . be l. furnlah th sheep with a Wide Variety of first J -rTraf.r.V : I la M nl.c'ire That ta diacourarins. I 1.1. ixajsv-'Cr' I ! Then, many farm boys are denied C I ' " Vi . A I i - - ------- . i. in is rBsiri ii.Hii m diui iirr I ntlached to each car and they arc(H.. i - m m- mv noil.u.e : th sheep with a Wide Variety of first'""" t" class rations before the severe winter 'crating an corn, on, thst Ibey may start !., through the winter in prime ahape.i " ehrsn rsaulr. Slfferent fsadlnw and:l"l " pHM lth water. handling from pny other attlt.wl on A fire nf tar la lighted In tha wsgea ths farm. Even hnu;h you are an'tnaath tha tank i f water anrtnktet expartenrsd ihssp rnlssc, don't get ej niMlloua ant tr ta manaaa a laeaae) flock than pen an rtsp up t h.;' Maam, crtallrg a fo Which f I anCar e .ao.'.leao, jfHtwItr r.latui tag tn, THE WHY IF BAD FARM COOKING By. 8. C. Miller. Wa believe that more djpertlrs are every year produced on the farm kountlng equal numbers than In the cities, and this belief la based on many years of observation and considerable actual experience. many other important features. He TK reverse would naturally seem!mu poems character, as Indicated to fc tru M the farm cook has a I by hold carriage, strong front and a ra advantage over her lister In the i "tlrey" look. His face ihould be bold, f,ty fn tne" matter of raw materials I strong and masculine. ""It8, vegetables, butter, milk and PoCItry, being always at banc In 'abundance and fresh add wholesome In rondltlon. , ''th these advantage 't ir.ty he the ways true. The fact Is that the men. who by the way are the severest critics, are themselves to blame. They Ac not give tneir wives half a chance fo do "ood cooking. On thouands of o-o; uiuvimii itiu IV QO H9T VOTH Well: he is not provided with the proper facilities. Her kitchen is provided with nothing more than the barest necessities and she Is deprived of such aids aa hot and cold water, quick fuel and an abundance of cooking utensils and tableware. She Is not only the cook but the mainspring of the whole family. She .r. - wno'e ". . Bn d J ' m,lk ol makes the hter fc H """" Bu"" f htiband and eh!iiL J d ,h " ' Ba 'n,?B; menos the old. sweeps and dusts. gathers her own vegetables and fruit and prepares them for cooking. She is expected to mke no excuse when the meals for the family, largo or small, are not ready and on the table to the minute. , Naturally, under these conditions. wmcn exist on thousands of farms, and they are not over-drawn, no woman, no matter how good a cook she may he, can properly prepare and cook wholesome and nutritious food. 1' tne farm cooking Is to be Im proved the men must supply their wive with everything needed la th xitcnen and pantry. They most sua. ply them with help, at least nnttl th children are old enough ttr assist. Th wire must insist unon havln wnac sna needs to work with and she must abandon the work of the dairy, garden and the poultry to the men folk. She can teach her chil dren, either .boys or gins, to be of great assistanc in her daily, tasks gh can so regulate her work hour that she will have time In which to do good cooking. But, she cannot dolo" n1 ot good quality, showing these thine alone: she mutt have the neither brown nor black fibre,-. active and sympathetic ana Ik lance of) her husband and If he refuses to give her these, the family must be aban doned to dyspepsia and Its attendant miseries. Ireland's champion wolf hound has been aold to a New York man for; 17.500. The species is almost extinct In Ireland and the specimens bought by the' New Tork msn Is one of th finest of his race. A dairv farm SA milea out of Rmiai. which Is said to b th cleanest and best managed dairy In the state, is run by a woman. She went Into the!0"1 corn rd othcr ncM WOP burlness five years ago because she not tired of city life and believes in the dignity of farm work. t The west Is said to lead the whole country in the good roads movement. KEEPING THE BOYS Oil ".HE FARM By X. Carr, MlssonrL Fathers want to keep their boys on the farm, but too many ot them do sr-jr, iheVdt, is; i ss I did bifure them." . . , r.v.-rv lo cannot work hard all of the tl:r.e In hea; or cold, or in rain or when the nun thlnes, hut when he asks s for a hol.day often he Is sent hark to work nit a sore and heavy heart, end n..ihv a boy on the farm seldom i'ts 11 rr "r g snywnere lor ' P' a'jrc. That Is discouraging. k, ,m, lrl him make his onl . . .... ' t. !Mnf- think this 1 the hot plan. I lrt. c I H get my wtah," , , ' ' . ' ' ............ ' "' ! content in the farm. pirntii i;.o.ili Bud out what ha can fc,,'t h"vt '" h and pets ofo leti and thn help him .In thai ,h',r " This will do nu.r to keep, Oirw-tlon. ln ,,lan sunning viae, know whut I'm talking atmit, for I live on n inim. i nave siora oi my own. end I wnulln t cliarw al'H .ny town boy I know. I am only tblrtcn year old. but I have a horse. :a cow and some boga 1 am proud of rry fart helped to see what ta right they will Vr sport the boy like, a gun, and j generally do It v-.r.-....-.-:-. -in.:.iv.;r.:rii--iassB California fruit growers ' their crop, from frost by rtlflclal fog. An Iron')"11 kh blh give, him the in. . 1-... .... . straw wiiletl gsneret larg amount THE IDEAL RAM. . Ji There are many essentials for an laear-ram. First, of course. Is that ha 'must lie a boo U sir. A breeder. If ! you will. Granted this condition, there are There characteristic are to be taken a indicative of ability to produce th'ce chcracteristlc In his offspring. However, these characteristics must be goorl ones: fcr a Eire that possesses) masculinity and character, strong ability to produce his characteristics, mus. have court ones to produce.' or his influence Is bed. A masculine ram of bad conforma tion vorse than one lacking in mas- cull of the same quality otherwise: j because ie is more apt to reproduce his faUty qut'lUt. Granted, tna wt desire the good qualities, what are tneyT We muBt have a broad muzzle and nose, giving plenty of breathing room and lots of room for the mill, the tectii. Toung Shropshire Ram, n first pH wtneer at the Ohio State Fair. Th neck should be short strong and muscular. The chest should te deep, broad end capacious, giving to the vital organs plenty of room. The back rhou'.d be broad, muscular and strong a bridge as it were, to carry all the middle nf the body. . The loins should he broad aai deep. Tha most valuable moat Is produce here. Th rump should be Iob and wide at th tall. Supporting all this should be goo, strong legs, able to carry the body, and pasterns and toes that are strong. Th legs should be aa short a pos sible. The daylight nr.ef a ieep could Just aa well b meat, jrtf.t eight cents a pound. , t , He should be covered all ever with a fleece of wool, heavy and very One. - The farmer ought to be able to pro . duce eps at a feed cost of about eight cents a dozen. To do this he must keep the hens which will make the best showing. Instead of a lot of mon grels of no breeding and without lay ing rapacity. In Southern anl Central Wexlc) large swarms of locusu hav caused serious dsmage lately. Toung banana, and rubber trees have neen completely riPP" ' nd o'"- n for rner visits these pests hav devested Mushroom are Imported Into th felted Ptavs to a large extent, th , recelp. for th nine months ending March SI. this year, being million ' pounds, worth 1 S million dollars. ; he likes to trap for rabbits and other glinle i r r,i or hi- ' OWB hcre h cn hwP ot h ! things. A booki aie tilled with booki , , hI. ... ., . fther, ilou)(1 fc . k . when they know thty want them Some boys are born for ot.o pu mud i t,.ntliiB.il f:iu!t!i,"dit.g makes a boy't j hact sore aud dici.uisjes him A ,,,, mt be punched for every iltiis mult, but he Mii.uld b Ulhd ta ,nd ,,. mn h. wrpf,r M, ; h. ... h,. An ! iMrnA ta a -.,. if .i,.- ... k. When a man comes .fit yon with a proposition thst Is bound to make m.i.iui prnni ii is urn to i call theMog. A smalt C'H-k. v.ell bred snd care fully ai'.'lol.d to, yield rnir ttis fa. lory r-euita than a larsv flock han dle I hap-hasard a lu cur and pre p rtdlntj. ft . . V . . .