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THE WIVHtTE-C AM O LINIAM.
menced. . By what decided and bold mea sures it was overcome, is well known to all, and need not be told on this occasion. It is sufficient to say, that after a long and despe rate struggle, the controversy terminated in the compromise act, which abandoned the protective principle, and has, I trust, closed forever, what has proved in this Government a most prolific source of power, patronage, and corruption. The next step in the progress, was the over throw of the Bank of the United States the centre and soul of the paper system a step that may justly be regarded as not inferior to any other in the whole series. That was fol lowed bv the deposite act of '36, which trans ferred to the treasuries of the otates the vast , surplus, which continued to flow in upon us. notwithstanding the great reduction under the compromise act. This decisive measure dis burthened our surcharged Treasury, and has forced on this Government the necessity of retrenchment and economy, and thereby has greatly strengthened and accelerated the re action. So necessary is the reduction of the income to retorm, that 1 am disposed to re gard it as a political maxim in free States, that an impoverished 1 reasurv, once in a genera tion at least, is almost indispensable to the . preservation of their institutions and liberty. The next stage in the progress was the sus-1 1 pension of the connection between the Gov ernment aud the banks, in ' consequence of the suspension of specie payments. This oc casion afforded an opportunity to strike the first blow against that illegitimate and unholy alliance. It was given decidedly, boldly, and vigorously, but still with only partial success. . The interest in favor of maintaining the con nection was too powerful to be overcome at once; but though not broken, the tie is great - ly weakened, and nothing now is wanting to sever forever this fatal knot, but to follow up what has already been done, by persevering and energetic blows. This is the point to which the reaction has already reached, and the question now to be considered is, to what point ought it to be urged, and what are the intermediate obsta cles to be overcome? I am, for myself, pre pared to answer. I have no concealment; my aim is fixed. It is no less than .to turn back the government to where it commenced its operations in 17S9; to obliterate all the in- ; termediate measures originating iu the pecu liar principles and policy of the school to which I am opposed, and w hich experience has proved to be so dangerous and unconge nial to our system; to take a fresh start, a new departure, on the State Rights Republican track, as was intended by the framers of the Constitution. That is the point at which I have aimed for more than twelve years, and towards which I have persisted during the Whole period, to urge my way, iu defiance of opposing difficulties, dangers, and discourage ments, and from which nothing shall drive me, . (while in public life,) till the object at which I aim is accomplished. By far the most for midable difficulties are. already surmounted. Those that remain are comparatively insigni ficant. - Among these, the most important aud dif ficult by far is, to separate the Government : from the banks, but which, after the blows the connection has received, will require not much more than unyielding firmness and per severance. This done, the great work of freeing the Government entirely from the pa per system on which Hamilton laid the foun- - dation of the whole system, will have been achieved. The next is, to carry out, in the revision of the tariff which must take place at the next or succeeding session, the provisions of the compromise act, that there shall be no duty laid but what may be necessary to the econo mical and constitutional wants of the Govern ment. Should this be accomplished, there ' will be an end to the protective system, with all the evil that followed and must ever follow " in its train. Nor can 1 believe, after what we have experienced, and what has been said during this session, that there will be any in superable difficulty in effecting an object so iutimately connected with the peace and tran quility of the Union. Having freed the Government from the paper and protective systems, the next step in importance is, to put a final stop to internal improvements, the construction and improve ment of harbors, and the extravagant waste on what we are pleased to call the pension sys tem, but which has departed from every prin ciple justly belonging to such a system. No Government was ever before burthened with an expenditure so absurd'and monstrous. It confounds all distinctions between the deserving- and undeserving, and yearly draws mil lions from the Treasury without any just claim on the public bounty, and ought to be both ar rested and reformed. A single step more brings the Government to the destined point; I mean a thorough re formation in the administrative department of the Government. I doubt not but that every branch needs reform. There are, doubtless, numerous defalcations in addition to those brought to light. The fault has been more in that system, (a brief narrative of which I have given,) than those who have been charged with the administration of the Government For years money was as dirt. The Treasury was oppressed with it, and the only solicitude was how to get clear of what was considered a useless burden. Hence the vast increase - of expenditures; hence the losses and inatten- - tive administration of our fiscal cone ems; hence the heavy defalcations. Nor are these remarks confined to the Executive depart ment of the Government; they apply to all, to the two Houses of Congress as well as to other branches. But there is no longer a sur plus. The Treasury is exhausted, and the ; work of retrenchment, economy, and accoun- a i ri " c j t f . uuiuuj, is ivikcu on ua, xeiorm in me ns eal action of Government can no longer be delayed, and I rejoice that such is the fact .fciconomy and accountability, are virtues be ' longing to free and popular Governments, and - without which they cannot long endure. The assertion is pre-eminently true when applied to this Government; and hence the prominent place they occupy in the creed of the State Rights and Republican school. Having taken these steps, every measure of prominence, originating in the principles pr policy of the national Federal school, will become obliterated, and the Government will j have been brought back, after the lapse of fif ty years, to the - point of original departure, when it may be put on its new track. To guard against a false steerage thereafter, one important measure, in addition to raose enu merated, will be indispensable, to place the new States, as far as the public domain is concerned, in a condition as independent of the Government as the old. It is as much due to them, as it is indispensable to accom plish the great object iu view, ine puonc domain, within these States, is too great a stake to be left under the control of the Govern ment. It is difficult to estimate the vast ad dition it makes to its power and patronage, and the controlling and corrupting influence which it may exercise over the Presidential election, and through that, the strong impulse it may receive in a wrong direction. Till it is removed, there can be no assurance of a successful and safe steerage, even if every other sinister influence Should be removed. It would be presumptuous in me Mr. Presi dent, to advise those who are charged with the administration of the Government, what course to adopt; but, if they would hear the voice of one who desires nothing for himself, and whose only wish is to see the country prosperous, free, and happy, I would say to ttiem, you are placed in the most remarkable t .i umcture that has ever occurreu since me es tablishment ot the h ederal laovernmont. ay seizing it, you may bring the vessel of State to a position, where she may take a new tack, and thereby escape all the shoals and break ers, among which a false steerage has run her, and bring her triumphantly into her des tined port, with honor to yourselves, and safe ty to those on board. Take then your ground boldly; avow your object; disclose your meas ures; and let the people see clearly that you intend what Jefferson designed to do, but, from adverse circumstances, could not accom plish to reverse the measures originating in principles and policy uncongenial to our poli tical system to divest the Government of all undue patronage and influence to restrict it to the few great objects intended by the Con stitution in a word, to give a complete as cendancy to the good old V lrginia school, dared to think for themselves. Ji.ither you over its antagonist, which time and experi ence has proved to be foreign to our system of Government and you may count with confi dence on their support, widiout looking to any other means of success. Should they take such a course at this propitious moment, our free and happy institutions may be perpe tuated for generations; but, if a different, short will be their duration. On this question of patronage, let me add, in conclusion, that according to my concep tion, the great leading error in Hamilton and his school, originated in a mistake as to the apology between ours and the British system of Government. If we were to judge by their outward form, there is, indeed, a striking an alogy between them in many particulars; but if we look within, at their spirit and. genius, never were two free Governments so perfectly dissimilar. They are, in fact, the very op posites. Of all free governments that ever existed no, I will enlarge the proposition of all governments that ever existed, free or despotic, the British Oovommont r-rtn boor the largest amount of patronage the greatest exaction and pressure on the people, without changing, its character or running into revo lution. The greater, in fact, its patronage, the stronger it is, till the pressure begins to crush the mass of population with its super incumbent weight. But directly the oppo site is the case with ours. Of all govern ments that ever existed, it can stand under the least patronage, in proportion to the popu lation and wealth of the country, without changing its character or hazarding a revolu tion. I have not made these assertions light ly. They are the result of much reflection, and can be sustained by conclusive reasons drawn from the nature of the two Govern ments; but this is not the proper occasion to discuss the subject. POLITICAL.. Front the North Carolina Standard. TO THE WHIG PARTY OF THE N. CAROLINA ASSEMBLY. Your Assembly commenced its session on the 17th day of November, 1838, and ad journed sine die on the 8th of January, 1839! But it was early in the morning of this latter day that your dissolution took place. You could not be easy in your seats when the very sunbeams were reproaching you. They re minded you, no doubt, that it was the anni versary of the battle of New Orleans of that great victory which had consecrated the name of Jackson in the hearts of the American peo ple and furnished additional security to Americen freedom! The association was in supportable to men who had been engaged in traducing the one and conspiring against the other, and you naturally fled from the scene of your iniquitous doings, vainly hoping thereby to escape self-reproached and the condemna tion of your countrymen. What a remarka ble coincidence! That the same day which witnessed the flight of the enemies of Ameri can freedom from New Orleans should also witness your departure from Raleigh! That the same sun which had first gilded the lau rels of Jackson's renown should smile upon the dissolution of that graceless Assembly which had been striving to tear them from his brow! Verily, in the future celebrations of a day so renowned in American story, it will not be forgotten that it closed a party attack upon the integrity of the people, made for the gratification of political revenge against a Hero for withstanding that party's assaults upon the Constitution with a success equal to that with which he had opposed the advance of a foreign foe; that it terminated the exis tence of your malignant power a power ob tained by fraud and concealment, and exer cised with tyranny and unmanly indirectness. Oh, illustrious day! twice worthy to be a Re publican jubilee! Honored in 1815 by the victory of Andrew Jackson over the military force of Britain, and in 1839 by the termina tion of the misrule of the British-Bank-"Whig"-Federal party of North Carolina! The first week of your session was the season of the races, and nothing was done in the halls of legislation except (as I expect to show hereafter) to proscribe honest men who neglected your business to attend to the races, or you stayed in the city of Raleigh and did nothing, or u any imug nao uwicn cg ro tation. .Now as to the two former, your mas ters, the people, would not give a Chinquapin to choose between them, ana wouia mat n naa been exclusively both or either of them in which you were engaged rather than iu that which vou were either ashamed or afraid to transact nnenlv. Your journals speak of nothing done during the week of the race, and indeed they show little or no action on affairs of State until late in December, when it seems your party schemes had become suf ficiently fledged to Dear, witnout immediate death, the chilling influence ot the popular breath! Then, for the hrst time, you ma something openly. Not that you had been oreviouslv idle, for who does not know now, (and even you dare not aeny it,j mat you neiu aerrrl mucuses, in the nisht too, time after time to devise in some artful form such reso lutions concerning national politics, as might unite the discordant materials ot your party. But this very important and patriotic work, i seems, required more cunning and experi ence, and ludgmeut and knowledge ot pol tics and mankind, than your Whig majority in both houses of the legislature could furnisb, and you were fain to receive the volunteer as sistance of others. Some ot wnom you would not be willing to use for nobler purposes, and others who, to say no worse, might have bet-n more consistently employed. After much ef fort to frame your resolutions so that you might hereafter quote them in favor of the doctrine of instruction, or against it, as might suit your future purposes, and at the same time accommodate themselves for the present to the notices of the whole Whig phalanx in cluding those in favor of, and those opposed to, instructions, they were at length brought to light. It is sometimes very difficult to fiud an appropriate name either for a child or a thing. The latter is generally supplied with a name having some reference to its qualities, but as there was so much difference among yourselves as to the true nature of yocr reso lutions, you were cut off from any supply of a name from that source. You were driven, therefore, to seek it elsewhere. Patronize ments are not uncommon, that is to say, names deserved from the parent to the off spring, but no other instance is recollected save iu the case of your resolutions, where the name has been derived from the mid wife. They are generally called "Rayner's resolutions," yet no one believes that gen tleman had much more to do with their pater nity than the respectable personage above al luded to, generally has with that of the new born infant. Yet so were they called, and so let them be named. Which is destined to reflect lustre on the other, the named or the name-sake, time must determine. You cannot deny that before these "Ray ner resolutions" were offered in the House every member claiming to be of your party was required to pledge himself in a caucus to support them as they were written without al teration of .word, syllable, or letter. No man amongst you who has any respect for his own character, will, in any responsible form deny that mis process or pi irate picjmiafnm pre ceded your public action. I know and admit that a few of your party declined at first to give the pledge, but enough to make their passage certain were drilled into it beofre you dared to hare them offered. Of those who did not expressly pledge themselves at once, some (if not all) were talked at by designated leaders or managers and their concurrence inferred if not expressly promised. Some al so manifested, for a while, a disposition to keep aloof, it is supposed by many persons, not without cause, for it were rendered more pliable by allusions to vacant places in the Senate which the magic of these resolutions would create and which men to Jill. Now waving for the present the intrinsic character of your resolutions and lifting our selves above the designs of party, I desire to know if this mode of passing them is not dangerous to public morals and ultimately subversive of American liberty? I put it to your now consciences. I appeal to the hon est intelligence of all parties. Where is the difference between legislating with closed doors and a majority of our legislators meet ing in secret conclare to prepare and model their work and pledging themselves before hand to ratify it without change as soon as the doors are opened? The difference is in fa vor of the former, for there the minority is heard in the council that prepares the law and the majority has the eyes of that minority up on it although it shall have excluded the peo ple. In the latter no body but the majority is heard, and both the minority and the peo ple are excluded altogether. Shall party blindness prevent us from seeing that such a mode of legislation removes the widest pre cautions in a representative Republic, against combinations adverse to public liberty? That it puts the power of Government in thehauds of a few selfish leaders? That it encourages dishonest partizans to propose and carry thro' their plans of mere personal aggrandizement by substituting the responsibility of numbers for that of the individual proposer? Such evils begin with parties in the assertion of something believed to be sound and valuable in itself, and for the sake thereof they are tol erated, but the ultimate results will certainly be mischievous, and they are always deserv ing of popular condemnation. If political parties act thus to secure their success, sel fish, local, or even money parties will soon do the same thing, and after a while the in terests of the Republic and the rights of the people will be bartered away in midnight darkness and the first signal of treason against public rights will be its introduction into the Legislature and the concurrent votes of the conspirators to consummate it. Beware of such conduct in the out-set. Its tendency is to corruption, dishonesty, and treason. The only true and sale practice in a Republican Government is to propose openly, to discuss openly, and afterwards to decide openly. This new fashioned Whig method which you practice is to decide first in private, to discuss as little as possible any where, . and to deliber ate upon the measure not until after it is pas sed. Thus the first principles of representa tive Government are wantonly sacrificed in a selfish scramble for "spoils." I concede that where an individual is to be selected from among many to fill any vacant political station mere is nothing reprehensible in men of the same politics meeting together to select the man whom they will unitedly support. But the dinerence netween this and passing laws or resolutions oy a legislative : . . i - u DOGy IS lOO ODYlUua iv caisajnz uuuw vj uuj one of the slightest discernment. Few of your ranks are too stupid to perceive it and, therefore, few can plead ignorance. But apart from the" unworthy manner in which these resolutions were brought into ex istence, thev are in their matter and manner highly deserving of censure and you who act ed on them affirmatively are responsible to the people.' True it is the leaders of your party merit a deeper condemnation man the rest, but none of you are wholly free of guilt. Many of you I know disliked the resolutions and were desirous to avoid a vote upon them. But you were subjected to a party drill and timidly acted under its constraint and that too when your drill sergeants were loudly profes sing to belong to the no-party party. Now that the screws are removed and there has been time for reflection you cannot fail to see "the dansrerous character of that system of legislation overcame your honest scruples: you can hardly withhold the expression of disgust at the contemptible manoeuvring of those by whom you were misled. If 1 have time to complete the work I will lay bare to the people this outrage upon their rights aud thereby warn thern against your efforts to get the mastery over them. If rights are invaded, and the people are assailed, the representative who was too cowardly to resist must expect to share in the sentence which an honest publick will pass upon the reckless leaders. NORTH CAROLINA. it might suit genile- The Senate. The seats of 18 of the pre sent U. S. Senators will be vacated in 1S41, viz: Brown of North Carolina, Calhoun of South Carolina, Clayton of Delaware, Crit tenden of Kentucky, Davis of Massachusetts. Hubbard of New Hampshire, King of Ala bama, Lumpkin ofGeorgia, Knight of Khode Island, Roane of Virginia, Nicholas of Lou isiana, Robinson of Illinois, Ruggles of Maine, Walker of Mississippi, Wall of New Jersey, White of Tennessee. Georgia Chron icle f Sentinel. who were the colonizers in the late election. Take, for example, the 2d, a regular Federal ward; see the reduced vote and the reduced majority. Had any Democrats left the ward, most assuredly the W big majority would have been increased not fallen off as it has. See also the 7th ward, where that sterling Demo crat, Willis, last spring, was elected by over two hundred majority, thi3 year reduced more than half, while just the same number of De mocrats cast their votes for him a year since. But of this ward it is too notorious what course the Feds pursued, to render any com ment necessary. When Joseph lloxie, the Federal county clerk, and former Alderman of the ward, openly boasted of colonizing his own house with down town voters, we pre sume no one will deny, in this instance, at east, of his speaking the truth. It is another notorious fact, that the Whigs lost the 4m ward by straining too hard to get the 6th and 7th wards. Another circumstance worth considering is, that in our strong holds, the 9th; 10th, 11th, and 13th wards, from whence we should na turally have drawn our voters, had we attempt ed colonizing, our majority has increased from 25 to 40 per cent.; while again in the 15th ward, where it was allowed the Whigs might get a thousand majority, they tell short of 700. Facts are stubborn things, and all the logic Federalism may command, cannot alter them. The Whigs, now the election is over, talk of Clarke being a poor candidate. IN one know better 'than themselves, that Aaron Clark, despicable as he is, could poll a slronsrer rote than anv man then could have nominated. They but deceive themselves; the "second sober thought" has come upon the people of thn city, and the "ball," that Whig gery thought had obtained sufficient force to crush the people, melted before it like the snow at noon. Fifteen hundred Democrat-, who had not voted in two years, came forward and resumed their station, . onvinced that to contend longer against the wishes of the peo ple were folly. From the New Era. Remarkable Coincidence. The unanimity with which the Democrats of, the 7th ward cast their ballotts for a favorite candidate, is worthy of all praise and imitation. Samuel J. Willis, esq. received last spring 1834 votes for alderman. He was again a candidate for the same office this spring, when he received precisely the same number of votes. Another Change. Col. Downing, Dele gate from the Territory of Florida, elected as a whig, has lately avowed himself in favor of the present Administration, as the following extract from a recent circular of his wil show: Albany Argus. "As a Floridian, I an satisfied with this Administration. And resolved as 1 am to judge of every man's motives by bis acts alone, and not by those charged against him by his opponents, 1 shall believe those motives pure. as long as their purity is eviuced bf good deeds. As to corruption with which the Gov ernment is charged, I know of no period of time, or portion ot the world, in which in tree iovernments, similar charges have not been made by the opposition. But I am los ing confidence in these charges. I have heard them so long and so often, and have as yet so little proof, that, like the shepherds in the table, l am incredulous to the cry. C. Downing. waters, for the purpose of surveying our rive and harbour. She is surveying a number of I Southern Harbors, with a view of selection I the most eligible site for a Naval Station, aiJ l" will be among us for three or four months.-! The steam boat attached to the exneditinn : 't left at Beaufort, but will be here in a few days. It has not yet been determined by the Lieut. Comd't. whether he will commence operations below and work up, or whether he will beein V here and go down. r , Common Schools in Pennsylvania. The keystone state is coming op to the- work in earnest. Of 1033 districts into which the 1 State was divided, under the act of June 1836 (exclusive of the city and county of PhfladeW -phia,) 840 have within the past year assessed a school tax, and received their portion of the public money. The number of schools in these 840 districts is 5,269, male teachen 1 4,758, female teachers 1,974, male scholars, 127,b7, female scholars, 106,042. Total scholars, 233,719. From the Albany Areus. COLONIZING ELECTION FRAUDS. A more unblushed avowal, and open recom mendation, of the whig practice of Coloniz ing, has not been made during the present campaign, than in the following extract from the editorial remarks "of the N. Y. Evening Star (M. M. Noah) on the recent charter election in that city. An affectation of horror at election frauds, and a clamor for a "registry law," come with a peculiar grace from such quarters! "There is a noble army of Whigs fj-aZ-ways ready to march whenever required, but their leaders are not of the 'Old Guard' they are spirited and confident, but did not understand their ground; their counsels were managed with great secrecy, hut not with much address; they aimed to carry eleven tcards ichen in Jact they should have concen trated their efforts and expended their ammuni tion in an attempt to have carried nine tcards and then they would have carried the cfy!! We speak from experience in these matters. Our duty was only to blow the trumpet aud obey orders; it was not for an old general, a mere volunteer in the ranks, to obtrude our advice, or we should have said, "Don't quar rel about nominations take your strongest men, your most popular men; you have a good candidate for mayor you can carry the first, second, third, fourth, fifth aud fifteenth wards without doubt. Concentrate all your efforts THROW IN YOUR MEN -your active elect ion eerers your power, facilities, and resources in the 6th, 7th, Sth, and lilh wanls CtJ"100 voles in each of these wards will turn the scales in your favor.'' " This was said on Saturday; forgetting or disregarding what he had said the day before. What a comment are his reflections of Fri day, upon his avowals or recommendations of Saturday! "It was a raelacholy alternative to be com pelled to fight the enemy with his own wea pons to colonize when he colonized to naturalize when he naturalized to meet him at every turn, and oppose him with-his own corrupt practices. It makes the foundations of our social system rotten and insecure; it raises up bodies of men, natives and foreign ers, who will sell themselves to either party in the open market." From- the Wilmington Weekly Chronicle. The ceremony of laying the Cornor Stone of the new church of St. James, was perform, ed on- Wednesday last. The Rev. R. B Drane, Rector of the Parish, officiated in tbe absence of the Bishop of the Diocese. A 10 o'clock the Congregation and a large con. course of others, assembled at the Lecture - Room, (the present place of worship) thence 1 moved in procession to the site of the new f Edifice, at S. E. corner of Market end Third f Streets. The service set forth for such occa sious, was there gone through with, and the' I stone adjusted to its proper place. Ia the K cavity of the stone, was placed the scroll, co-4. pied below, together with the articles named upon it. The rector then pronounced a Yen appropriate.and impressive address. ' fi The day was bright and lovely, beaming asupiciously upon the scene, ii spiriug a cheering hope of a happy tern i nation to tht - undertaking so happily beguu. - From the NeW York New Era. WHO ARE THE COLONIZERS? A glance at the returns from the several wards in this city, will show pretty correctly From the Louisville Public Advertiser. BANK AND STATE. Every thing tends to the speedy dissolution of the connection of Bank and State. The Mobile branch of the Bank of Alabama, lately closed with six hundred thousand dollars of public money in its vaults. The banks in Detroit, which have again stopped payment, must have been in possession of more or less of the people's money; and those which were, but a mouth or two since, specie-paying banks in Mississippi and Georgia, were no doubt anxious that their issues should have been made a legal tender in payments to the Government. At the called session of Con gress the Federalists openly contended that the Government ought to be compelled to re ceive the notes of all specie-paying banks; and Mr. Clay, such was his new-born friend ship for the State banks, maintained that the Government should receive their notes, even when the banks admitted that they were not in a condition to redeem them. The object of tire b ederalists was to make paper the only currency of Government, whether redeemable or irredeemable. Recent events have at least demonstrated die W isilvtti ami "T policy A J ministration, and placed it in enviable contrast with the conduct of its assailants. It is only the rotten portion of the banks of issue that are clamorous for deposites and for the receptiou of their paper for duties and pub lic lands, touch concerns may as well break for millions as for hundreds; but they prefer fleecing the people indirectly, because their otnec-rs think mat course less dangerous.- T. hey recur to the past, when millions were withheld from the Treasury by banks, and the temporary bankruptcy thus brought on the Government was absolutely referred to by the officers of the banks as proof that the Admin istration ought to be changed! It was said the banks held the money for the benefit of the people, while their officers, as citizens, shouted and said: "The Government is in solvent, and this corrupt Administration must be put down." When refusing to redeem their own paper, they denounced Treasury notes, called them shinplsters, and caused them, for a season, to pass at discount, even for notes of suspended corporations! Recol lecting all these things, it is not a matter of astonishment that the officers of swindling banks should have been anxious, after nomi nally resuming, to get a chance to invest mil lions of their rags in public lands, or to throw their issues where they would have been paid into the custom-house for duties. They have, fortunately, been baffled by the Government, and will finally be put down by the people. DOMESTIC. From the iknington Chronicle. The Iron Steamer DeRosset, Capt. Wam- bersee, arrived in our harbor on Wednesday last, from Baltimore, via. Norfolk. She ex perienced a very heavy blow off Lookout, and worked remarkably well. This being the first Iron built steam boat ever seeu here, she at tracted crowds of visitors. She is owned by Mr. G- B. Lamar, of Savannah, who very courteously directed her to touch here on her way to that port, for the purpose of giving a pleasure excursion to the inhabitants of il mingtou which was made on Friday as far as Smithville. A great number joined the party, who expressed high gratification with the ample provision made for their enjoyment, and with the urbauity aud politeness of the captain. The DeRosset was constructed in Balti more, of imported iron. She is lo7 feet in length, 24 feet 9 inches in width, with 7 feet 9 inches deep of hold, and measures 180 tons draft of water, light 32 inches. The sheets of iron of which her hull is composed, are about 24 b 18 inches, and about 3-8 inch thick. They overlay each other from 2 to 2 1-2 inches, and are thickly rivited together, with strong, wrought iron ribs, running trans versely, eighteen inches apart, from stem to stern. Vestry. 'The following facts have been kindly fur nished by L. H. Marsteller, Esq. Collector of this port Wilmington Advertiser. The United States schooner Experiment, Lieut. Comdt. Glynn, has arrived in our PRO lEO, PRO ECCLESIA, PRO MOMlNCaj, -SALUTE. In the JVame of the b ather and of the Sot, and of the Holy Ghost Amen. This Corner Stone of St. James' Churci is laid this third day of April, iu the year a our Lord: one thousand eight hundied ami thirty-nine (1839.) The Right Rev. Levi Silliman Ives,D.D. i L. L. D., being the Bishop of the Diocese (J North Carolina. The Rev. Robert Brent Drane, being & Rector of St. Jame's Church and ofneiatitj on the occasion. Dr. A. J. DEROSSET, ) r , W. C. LORD, "arrf t THUS. H. WRIGHT, A. J. DEROSSET, Jr, WM. B. GILES, WM. A. WILLIAMS, JAS. T. MILLER, The plan of this building was designed T. U. Walter, of Philadelphia, and execute under the direction of John S. Norris, of 5 York, by John C. Wood, as principle Masot and a Carpenter. Other foundation can no man lay than thi , which is laid, even Jesus Christ May 4 i i Gates of Hell never prevail against it- Amen. J:', The original Parish Church of St Jams .v stoood about fifteen yards east of this spa near the corner of the Grave Yard. It " commenced in the year, 1751, but not cot pleted until 1770. Iu consequence of i location, (partly in the street) its decayed ce ditiou, aud the incommodiousness of its i terual arrangement, it was taken down i 1839, and a portion of its materials used the erection of this building. The lot up1 which the present Church is erected, u" purchased from Dr. A. J. DeRosset, sen ' for the sum of one thousand dollars, of wbK,? -sum, the Ladies' Working Society, and t -Juvenile Working Society, have agreed top r i i i i ii six nunarea aouars. The Right Rev. John Stark Ravenscrff the first Bishop of the Diocese of North Cat- -lina, a native of Prince George Co., Virgin ' ' was born in the year 1772; was ordaic ' Deacon the 25th April, 1817, and Priest, t . -6th May following, by thh Right Rev. RicT ard C. Moore, (Bishop of the Diocese of Ti ginia,) was unanimously elected Bishop : North Carol iua, by the Convention of 4 : Church, held in Salisbury in the year 1S2,'. and was duly consecrated to that office bv ": Rt. Rev. Bishop White, in the City of rJ3 delphia, on the 22d of April, 1823. BL4 . -Ravenscroft departed this life in the City Raleigh, on the 5th of March, 1830, audi remains were deposited under the Chancel Christ Church, in Raleigh. He bequeath his Library to the Diocese, and the col right of his works to the Episcopal Bible i Prayer Book Society of this Diocese. The Right Rev. Levi Silliman Ives, -unanimously elected successor of Ravenscroft by the Convention of the Ch -held in Raleigh, iu May,- 1S31, and wasco secrated to that office, by the Right V Bishop White, in the City of Philadelphia, the 22d September, 1S31, and delivered I Primary Charge to the Convention of' Church assembled 1S32. MARTIN VAN BUREN, President of the United States. EDWARD B. DUDLEY, Governor of Worth Carolina. ALEXANDER ANDERSON, , f JXIasgistrate of Police of the Town of " r V mington. ; . 1 t o r tit t? J? v -? 6 r nPDncccii 1 commissions VV. J. HARRIS. the Town f E. P. HALL J ' mtngton. . JOHN A. LILLINGTON, Toion Cbt Population oj Wilmiugton, 3,500. ARTICLES DEPOSITED WITH Tfi' ; A Bible and Prayer Book. Journal of - J '7s Convention of the Diocese of North Car nafor 1838. Bishop Ives' Charge to Clergy of the Diocese Journal of Ge Convention for 1S3S. A Churchman's manac. Sword's Almanac. The Bani"" , the Cross, Philadelphia. The Church New York. The Episcopal Recorder, ft ! a