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'CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS; AND' THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE .COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS CITIZENS."
II. L. HOLMES, Editor and Proprietor. FAYETTEVILLE, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1839. TERMS. 3 50 per annum, if paid in advance ; S3 if paid at the end of six months; or $3 50 at the expiration of the year. t Advertisements inserted at the rate of sixty cents per square, for the first, and thirty cents tor each subsequent insertion. Court advertisements and Sheriffs sales, will be charged 25 per c?nt- higher than the usual rates. All advertisements sent for publication should have the number of insertions intended marked upon them, otherwise they will be inserted until forbid, and charged accordingly. 5C3&Letters on business connected with this estab lishment, must be addressed H. L. Holme, Edi tor of the North-Carolinian, and in all cases post paid. Horus X&ulticaulis. FOli Sale 15,000. fine' Morus Mu ticaulis Trees, from four to six'f et high, flaring riOTie rous branches they will average at least 100 buds. The above trees will be sold, deliverable (in all the month of November) either in Raleigh or at any point on the Rail Road, between Petersburg and Rale ih. Kor terms &c. inquire at this Office. Sept. 28, 1839. 3I-4t. VOL. lXO. 33. VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE. THE plantation on the Cape Fear River, re cently owned and cultivated by John M. Dob bin, Dec'd. better known as the "Northington Ferry plantation". Embracing in all about 2260 acres much of it in a high slate of cultivation, and well fenced, the balance well timherod with Oak, Hicko ry and Pine. It has on it two comfortable dwel ling Houses and other convenient outbuildings, fine water, 3treams on which are now standing a mill and Gin tlouse. The Ferry is also included and being on the best road to Chapr-1 Hill and Hillsborough, with but little attention miht be profitable property. Distance from Fayetteville about 32 miles. Capital sites for Cotton Factories. The plantation is susceptible of a division into two or three parts, which would be made to suit pur chasers. If the above property cannot be sold at private sale before the ensuing Fall it will then on f.irther notice he disposed of at public sole. Per sons residing in the low country and others desi rous of purchasing a healthy situation and valua ble plantation would do well to examine it. For further particulars apply to, JAMES C. DOBBIN, Exr. July 6, 1S39. ' 19 tf. F a ve tie ville Female MR. B MLEY respectfully -ives notice that, in order to meet the increasing patronage of this School, and advance its interests, he has associated with hi'Tisclf in copartnership, Mr. Gust at us Rpfv ckr, who, with his lady, will conmence their labors at the openfne of the next Academic year, Oct. 1 5. M r. S. is an experienced Teacher, and has had charce, for the past year, of the Female Seminary at Char lotte, m this Mate. Mrs. Speirer will take the special charge of the E!emen'a.rii DptUrte-nt. in a room entirely spearate fro-n the general School Room. Seven rooms in t'ie com-nodious building hitherto occupied, will be devoted to the use of the School, and the classes divided according to their asrs, and separated as much as possible from eaeh other. The coni-nodious arrangements for Boardinjr will b - continued as last year, and Mr. Beach will be prepared to take 10 or V2 younyLadiss in the Semi nary Euildincrs, where thev will have the benefit of co-itint intercourse with all the Teachers. Messrs. .ailev enl Spencer will seek to furnish able instruction in every department, and considera ble expr-nce. has been incurred to increase the ad vantages of the Pupils in tMs School. The Academic vear will commence on the 15th of October and cloe on the 1 ath of July followinff. The year is divided into two Sessions of twenty weeks each. Parents and iruardians are reminded that it is viry important to Pupils that they should enter early, and beerm with their respHitive Classes. Every week they delay, they lose in effect ttoo weeks. TERMS In Advance: Elementary Department or 2d First Class, French Language;. Drawing and Painting, Music on Piano Forte, Music on Guitar, Use of Piano, Incidentals and Stationary, July -13, 1839. ?lass, 6-S per Session, 16 do 10 do 10 do 25 do 25 do 3 do 1 do 20-tf $100 REWARD. RUNAWAY from the subscriber in Robeson County, N. C. just as ho was starting to move from said County, to Alabama, in January 1837, a female slave by fhe name of N ANCE. For the apprehension of said Nance $100 will he paid, if taken, secured and delivered to me or Col. R.D. Gillis, of Cumberland County, (who is autho rized to -pay the reward) or secure her in jail so that cither of us can get her. Nance is about 30 years old, tall and stout made for a female, but not fleshy. She is a bright Mul Jatfo, T.as a pleasant open countenance, good talk, brashy black hair, which she commonly wore pretty long. It is highly probable she may have a child with her. I have thought that she may be lurking about Fayetteville, Wilmington, or among the free peo ple of colour in Robeson County. JOHN G. PATTERSON. Tallapoosa Co. Ala. Sept. 1st 1839. 31 4t. ENTERTAINMENT. FIE SUBSCRIBER, having been satisfactorily engaged for more than three years in attending T to a Boarding Home, "Feels encouraged to say to the public, that her "HOUSE and STABLES are well furnished for the -Jecettion and nrmmmrwlfltinn nf tlinso wVin tnav Hft pleased to call. All the STAGES arrive at, and depart from my House, where seats . are secured, and no exertions "pared to give general satisfaction to passengers. My residence is on the corner of Gillespie street, we lot formerly occupied by Mrs. Barge, convenient to the market, and near the State Bank. ... . Mrs. E, SMITH. Fayetteville, August 24, 1839. 26-tf ICyThe Raleigh Register, Wilmington Adver tiser. C hern w fSnzpttA nnrl Rnlinhiim- . . " J mvuiUBii, wilt insert the above 3 months, and forward their ac- TRUST SALE. : IN conformity to the" provis ions contained in a D.-.-d of Trust, made by WILLIAM S. LAT TA to in, I will expose at public sale, on Tu sliiy the 1 2th day nl November next, at tho Market House, in the T.wn of Fayetteville: 3 Negroes. 10 to 14 head of Horses and Mules; 30 head of Cattle. , 60 head of Hogs. 1 Sulkey, Bujrgy & Harness. 2 Waggons & Gear. -Also ALL the FURNITURE belonging to the said W. S. Latta, now in his possissMoru . TERMS liberal, and made known on the day of ale. H. BRANSON. - v - Trustee. S. W. TlLLINOHAST, Auctioneer. Ausust 28th, 1839. 27-tds DIVISION ORDERS. THE several Regiments' composing the second Division of North Caroli na Mililia, will assemble at the usu al places of Regimental mtistrr in their respective counties for Review and Inspection, ns follows: The V2iid or Sampson Regiment on Saturday October 19th; the 41st or Bladen Regiment on TiiPsday Oct. 22nd; the 85th or Cumlus Regi ment on Weds'day Oct. 23d; the42d or Rbrson Lower Regiment on Thursday 0 t. 24th. the 43rd or Ro beso'i Upper Regiment on Friday Oc'ober 25lh: the 93rd or Richmond 2nd Regiment on Saturday October 26th; the 53d or Anson Lower Regiment on Monday October 28th; the 54th or Anson Upper Regiment on Tues day October 29th; the 51st or Richmond 1st Re giment on Thursday October 31st; the 44th or Moore Regiment, on Saturday Nov 2d; the 34th or Cumberland Upper Regiment on Monday Novem ber 4th; the 33rd or Cumberland Lower Regiment on Wednesdny November 6th. CIp'The Review will be madeat 12 o'clock, and the Inspection immediately afterwards. Bv order of "AIaj. Gen. McKAY. John McRab, Division Inspector. Head Quarters, Ehzabethtown, Sept. 7, 1839. 296t. 08 Tf Hhds. Prime Porto Rico Sugar, -U-rW 5 Hhds. N.O. do. 0 Cas s freak Thomastown Lime, 30 Hhds. Molasses, 5 Barrels N. O. do. 20 Boxes Bar Soap. 1 00 Sacks Blown Salt, 2 i Boxes Fayetteville Mould Candles, l'l Boxes Smoked Herrings, For Sale by GEO. McNEILL. June 15. . 16tf. PIANO FORTES. An Agency is appointed in Fayetteville for the sale of the most approved New York Piano Fortes. They will be sold at the lowest New York nrices. with expense of trans portation, and warranted. If not satisfactory, they mav be returned. They may be packed for safe transportation t any part of the State. They may be seen at the Female Seminary, where purchasers are invited to call, or on Col. 5s. 1 . Hawley. PARLOR ORGAN. The Parlor Oriran, or Seraphine, which has been used and generally ad-oired nt the Seminary for the past winter, is now offered for sale at ccst. June 8. 15lf. J. & J. KYLE, AVE just received by the late arrivals from the JNorth, a large and splendid assortment ot 9 m . d Q2 S3 Jlmong which are Super-fine Blue, Black, Brown. Olive, Oxrord mixed, Drab, Green and Wine colored Cloths. Cassimcres, well assorted. Sattinets, Kentucky Jeans and Ermincts. Super-fine Vesting. 278 pieces 3-4 & 6-8 merinoes. 345 pieces 3-4 & 6-8 V! uslin de Lane. 1 1298 pieces Calico, well assorted. Camoricks, Jaconets and Plain Muslins. 39 bales 3-4, 4-8 & 5-3 Shirting and Sheeting, Bleached and Brown. 65 pieces Superior Silks, well assorted. Merino, Cashmere and Blanket Shawls, Muslin de Lane Shawls and Scarfs, &.C. &.C. &.C. Comprising one of the largest stocks of Goods ever offered in this State, all of which being bought at the late sales at the north, will be offered for sale at REDUCED PRICES, by wholesale or retail. September 30, 1839. 32 -tf STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, Moore County, ) Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, August Term, 1839. Montgomery & Gaines, i Original Attachment le- vs. ! vied on land. Bradley Garner, Junior, J . ITT appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the Defendant hath removed beyond the limits of this State, so that the ordinary process ot law cannot be served on him, it is therefore Ordered by the Court, that publication be made for six weeks in The North Carolinian, notifying said De fendant of the levy of said attachment, and requir ing him to appear, replevy and plead at the next term of this Court, or judgment, by default, will be awarded against him, and the property levied on will be condemned to the satisfaction of Plantifl's de mand. Witness, Alexander C. Curry, Clerk of said Court, at office' in Carthage, the third Monday in August, A. D. 1839, and of American Indepen dence, the 64th. A. C. CURRY, Clerk. October 5, 1839. 32-6t LIST OF LETTERS REMAINING in the Post office at Fayetteville, North Carolina, on the 1st ,f October 1839. A James Lord Rayferd Autery William Autery B Alexander J Byrne Dugald Baker Jam' a B itler John Bitretitot Duncun B ack -Owen B ;i!so!e William Bryant 'Jr. William Brva t Sen. M rs. Marv Bali Mrs. Elizabeth Burnet J. M.B axly f - C . B 'ltjamin Chapman Gorge Cummings Joseph Cbachen Ne.lCark John C imphell D mean Conoly John Cameron Mc. Willi-im McLennan Jolin W. McKay Mrs. Nancy McMillan Alexander Mi L nn" ( Duncan's Creek) J rs Rosa n nn M'Crackan tR. de ic MtCitnmen J .iin McPhail - i (Upper Lit lie River) J Daniel McNeill S.irnh M L an Duncan McLean Alexander McKethan Caroline A. McDonald Duncan McArthur (B rer Creek) C D. L. Mc.Mi!lan M Alexander M orison Mrs. Piilience Mar.er G.-orsr- H. Mitchell Rev'd. R bart Campbell Mrs. JSiiitha Mills Jauchhn U. Campbell Jonathan Miller Mrs. Patience Clark Wallis D. Dodge Joseph Downing John Dew Jonathan Dew Dickinson & Murrcl E Mrs. Rachel E!more Mrs. Catharine Evcritt John Edwards F Thomas Fort Arthur Faircloth G Mary Grove William D. Green M r. G re gory (Cameron's Shop) H Joel Horn Jonathan Hailes Col. S. Hollin9 worth Walter G. Hubbard J Travis Jackson Wiley Jean Levi Jones Owen Jones Levi Jones, Bladen Co. Malcom Johnston K 'iss Birhara A. King Esekicl K'ng B -njamin L'-wis Miss Sarah Leach O Col. W. D. Otry P Cammiltn Pucci Samuel Philips Hnrv Pope John Perry R John Rnv Jr. Duncan Riy J.-rome B. Russell Kiy-n Itoese Col. Daniel Smith, (Graham's Bridge.) Peter Sshaw, A-E. Smith, William Strickland. S Thos. S-nith, Pladcn Co John Sillers, Sampson Co. John Sinc'air, ) (Nicholson's Creek,) T David Thames, Maj. Albert Torrence, George A. Taylor. Ezekiel Vann. V Rev. Albert Williams, Silva Wil iams, Bryant Wright, Sainl. D. Watson, Mrs. Westbrooks, Francis Wilson Noel Wilson, Chester vv- ebster. JOHN McRAE, P. M. STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, ( JVInorm County. ) Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, August Term, 1S39. Brown & Troy, Original Attachment levi vs. on land. Bi-ndley Garner, Jun'r. ) "H"T apnearins to the satisfaction of the Court that 3L the Defendant hath re noved beyond the limits of this State, so that the ordinary process ot law can not be served on him. it is tberelore ordered by the Court, that publication he made in the N. Carolinian for 6 uks. notifying said Defendant of said attach ment, on hisproperty, and requiring him to appear, replevy and plead ,.t the next Term of slid Court, or judgment by default, will be awarded against hun, and the land levied on as aforesaid, lor the sat isfaction of Plaintiff's demand. Witness, Alexander C. Curry, Clerk of said Court, at office, ji Carthage, fhe third Monday in August, A. D. 1S39, and of" American Indepen dence, the 64ih. A. C. CURRY, Clerk. October 5, 1S33. 32-6t REMOVED. TThR Tliomas .J. Jordan has re- JLJr moved to Liberty Point, on the north side of Person street, a lew doors above Mr. John M. Stfd man's store mar 9 2tf THE SULTAN-MOTHER. The Sultana Valide, mother of Abdul Medjid, possesses iu that character immense influence. According to the Mahometan rule, she is almost considered holy, and every Mus selmau has the right of appeal to her. Even the wives of the Sultan are compelled to treat her with veneration, and to kiss the hem of her garment whenever she appear.-. She alone has the right of appearing unveiled, but no person must look at her iu the face. She has a deliberative voice in the Council of the State, and all true Mussulmen are accustomed to pay a blind obedience to her. She is said to be an ambitious and capricious woman, and to have already interdicted access to her palace to 1,200 persons, Rayas, Turks, and Franks. The Sultan appears in public al most daily, visiting in preference all the pla ces hh father took delight in. He is very accessible, speaks with kindness to all who approach him, whatever be their rank, and is highly popular.' The Constantinople correspondent of the Semaphore, gives the following description of a scene of Oriental splendor not often wit nessed even in "the City of the Sultan." The Corsair. "The Sultana-Mother, Valide, wishing to give to the ladies of Mmes. Duz, the Direc tors of the Mint, a testimony of her esteem, invited them to the Imperial Palace, to be present at the entrance of her son into the se raglio. The ladies were conveyed by the private barges of the Sultaua, and received with a kindness very rarely shown by Turk ish chiefs towards their Christian subjects. From the threshold of the Gynecseum to the principal room, the floor was covered with the richest brocaded stuffs and splendid cash meres, for the young Padisha of the Osman lis to walk over, to a magpificent chair or throne, embroidered with pearls, rubies, and emeralds. The Sultaua-Mother- approached, and with invocations to God, gave her bless ing to her son. Next came the Sultana Isma, his aunt, who presented him with a young female slave, a gift with which Abdul Medjid appeared to be much gratified, and placed the girl upon a seat neatly as rich - as his own. A thousand slaves came in turn, and prostra ted themselves at the feet of the Sultan. Dur ing the ceremony, young Circassian girls showered handfuls of serjuins in the apartment in such profusion that it became difficult to walk in it, the feet slipping from treading on them. When all the fair recluaes of the har em had paid their tribute of homage to the Sul tan, Mines. Duz- did the same, and after wards attempted to kiss the feet of her who had become the companion of the Grand Seignor, tnit she resisted until the Sultana Valide desired her to accept this act of ho mage, as being due to her station. She then submitted, but with a timidity which made the Sultan smile. On takii'g leave ofthe Sultana Valide, Mmes.. Duz each received a salver of silver gilt, with six stands for cups in chas ed gold, enriched with diamonds, and a casoiette for perfume, of the same metal. The Sultana also presented to all a handker chief cauta in ing l,U0O piastres in gold coin, recommending that they should be carefully preserved, in commemoration of the acces sion of their sovereign to the throne." POETICAL. . THE PARTING SUMMER. BT MRS. HEMANS. Thou'rt bearing hence thy roses, Glad Summer, fare thee well! Thou'rt singing thy last melodies In every wood and dell! But ia. the golden sunset Ofthe last lingering day, Oh! tell me o'er this checkered earth How hast thou passed away? Brightly, sweet summer! brightly Thine hours have floated, by, To the joyous birds of woodlands boughs The rangers ofthe sky. And brightly in the forests To the wild deer bounding free; And brightly 'midst the garden flowers. To the happy murmuring bee. But how to human bosoms, With all their hopes and fears ; And thoughts that make them eagle wings To pierce the unborn years? Sweet Summer! to the captive Thou hast flown in burning dreams Ofthe woods with all their hopes and leaves, And the blue, rejoicing streams. To the wasted and the weary, On the bed of sickness bound, In sweet, delicious fantasies, That changed with every sound. To the sailors on the billows, In longine wild and vain, For the gushing founts and breezy hills, . And the homes of earth again. And unto me, glad Summer! How hast thou flown to me? My chainless footsteps nought have kept From thy haunts of song and glee. Thou hast flown in wayward visions, In memories of the dead In shadow from a troubled heart, O'er a sunny pathway shed. In brief and sudden striv:ngs To fright a weight as de; 'Midst these, thy melodies have ceased, And all thy rosea died! But oh! thou gentle Summer! If I ffreet thy flowers once more, Bring me again thy buoyancy, Wherewith my soul should soar! Give me to hail thy sunshine With song and spirit free; Or in a purer land than this May our next meeting be! THE MIDNIGHT WIND. BT WM. MOTHERWELL. Mournfully! oh, mounfully This midnight wind doth sigh, Like some sweet plaintive melody Of ages long gone by: It speaks a tale of other years Of hopes that bloomed to die Of sunny smiles that set ia tears, And loves that mouldering lie! Mournfully! oh, mournfully This midnight wind doth moan; It stirs some chord of memory In each dull heavy tone: The voices of the much-loved dead Seem floating thereupon; All, all my fond heart cherished Ere death had made it lone. Mournfully! oh, mournfully This midnight wind doth swell, With its quaint, pensive minstrelsy, Hope's passionate farewell: To the dreamy joys of other years, - Ere yet griefs canker fell On the heart's bloom-ray! well may tears Start at that parting knell. Fi-om Ike Pkdidelphia Dailf Mvertixerl A VILLAGE CHURCH IK ENGLAND. Mr. Willis's last letter to the Corsar of Sa turday (No. 7 of his "Jottings Down" in Eng land) thus brings before us oue ofthe loveliest scenes in our Father land: Some of the most delightfnl events in one's travels are those which afford the least materi al for description, aud such is our sejaur of a tew .days at tne V icarage ot JU . It was a venerable old house with pointed gables, elaborate aud pointed windows, with panes of glass ot tne size ot tne palm ot tne band, low doors, narrow staircase, all sorts of unsuspec ted rooms, and creepers outside, trelliced and trained to every corner and angle. Then there, was the modern wing with library and dining room, large windows, marble fire-places, aud French paper, and in going from your bed room to breakfast, you might fancy yourself stepping from Queen Elizabeth's time to Queen Victoria's. A high hedge of holly divided the smoothly shaven lawn from the churchyard, and in the midst of the moss grown head stones stood a grey old church with four venerable towers, one of the most picturesque and beautiful specimens ofthe old English architecture that I have ever seen. The whole group, church, vicarage, and a small hamlet of vine covered and embowered stone cottages, lay in the lap of a gently rising sweep of hills, and all around were spread landscapes of the finished and serene char acter peculiar to England rich fields framed in flowering hedges, clumps of forest trees, glimpses of distant parks, country seats, and village spires, and on the horizon a line of mist-clad hills, scarce ever more distinct than the banks of low-lying clouds retiring after a thunder storm in America. . Early on Sunday morning we were awak ened by the melody of the bells in the old tow ers, and with brief pauses between the tunes, they were played upou most musically, till the hour for the morning services. We have little idea in America of the perfection to which the chiming of bells is carried in England. Iu the towers ofthis small rural church are huug eight bells of different tone, and the tunes played on them by the more accomplished rin gers of the neighboring hamlet, are varied endlessly. I lay and listened to the simple airs as they died away over the valley with a pleasure I can scarcely express. The morn- iusr was serene and brisht, the perfume of the clematis and jasmine flowers at the win dow, penetrated to the curtain of my bed, and Sunday seemed to nave dawned with the audi ble worship and payable incense of Nature. We were told at breakfast that the chimes had been unusually merry, and were a compliment to ourselves, the village always expressing thus their congratulations on the arrival of guests at the Vicarage. The compliment was repeated between churches, and a very long peal rang in the twilight our near relation ship to the Vicar's family authorising a very special rejoicing. The interior of the church waa very an cient looking and rough, the pews ofuD paint ed oak, and the massive stone walls simply white-washed. The congregation was small, perhaps fifty persons, and the men were (with two exceptions) dressed in russet carter's frocks, and most of them in leather leggins. The children sat on low benches placed in the centre of the one aisle, and the boys, like their fathers, were in smoke frocks of home spun, their heavy shoes shod with iron, like horses hoofs, and their little legs buttoned up in the impenetrable gaiters of coarse leather. They looked, men aud boys, as if they were intended to wear but one suit in this world. I was struck with the solemnity of the ser vice, and the decorous attention of men, wo men, and children, to the responses. It was a beautiful specimen of simple and pastoral worship. Each family had the name of their farm or place of residence printed on the back of the pew, with the number of scats to which they were entitled, probably in proportion to their tithes. The "living" is worth, if I re member right, not much over a hundred pounds an insufficient sum to support so luxurious a vicarage as is appended to it, but happily fur the people, the vicar chances to be a man of fortune, and he unites iu his excel lent character, the exemplary pastor with the physician and lord of the manor. I leflB with the conviction that if peace, content ment, and happiness, inhabit but one spot more than all others in a world, whose allot ments are so difficult to estimate, it is the vicarage in the bosom of that rural upland. From the Pennsylvania!!. ROBESPIERRE. . The following extract from Bronterre's his tory, will be read with interest. The name of Robespierre has become a by-word it is regarded as synonymous with cruelty and horror. But may not the world, after all, be mistaken in regard to some of the French re volutionists? It is certain, at least, that Robespierre gratified no sordid impulses of this Madame Tussand, who knew him well, furnishes positive evidence. His private life was remarkable for its close frugality. He even lived upon less than his pay as a deputy, as Lord Brougham positively states. "Robespierre was bore a republican; his stu dies, which he pursued with ardor and suc cess his tastes and his habits, whieh inclin ed him not only to love virtue theoretically, but to rigidly practice it his temperament, which gave him a strong will, and an inflexi ble determination, all seemed combined in him to carry out the intention of nature. His early career was marked by some success at the bar, and in literature. Elected to the Constituent Assembly, he gave his undivided support to the popular cause; he struggled zea lously, but unsuccessfully, against the predo minant opinion, which pretended to protect liberty, whilst it kept in authority its greatest enemies. Never would he admit that the ab solute monarchy could honestly reconcile it self to being only the executive power. The treasons of the court soon confirmed his opin ion. Thence, his hatred ofthe Constituents who had repulsed, insulted, and treated him as a disorganizer; thence, the unbounded con fidence reposed in him by the people, as in one who had seen farther, and with more dis crimination than the majority of his col leagues. The" people, after having conquered liberty, found themselves obliged to reconquer it again, and to defend it as well. They lis tened to Robespierre as to one who promised them its fuH possession and enjoyment-" But the guarantee for this possession could not reside in laws alone. New man ners, as well as new laws, were iudispensibls to secure it. There was needed a complete regeneration. It was in the conviction of tlw overwhelming necessity for such regene ration, that Robespierre, emboldened by his popularity, undertook a task which would have " been sublime amongst a people young and uncorrupted, but which the then state of civi lization tendered impracticable in France. He said to the rich, no more ostentatious pomp, no more effeminate voluptuousness; let your superfluities be the inheritance of the poor. He said to the public agents, admin istrators, and magistrates, your heads shall answer for your misdeeds, your functions shall be honored, but laborious, and shall" yield you only a just competence. Wherever the scene of your duties, whether in cities, com munes, or villages, it is you who must every where set the example of virtuous conduct. He said to the men of commerce, cease being citizens of the world. Let your industry, your speculation, have no sphere no other end than your country's prosperity; open your hearts only to national egotism. He said to the priests, your impostures shall make no more' dupes; your empire is irrevocably at the end; no more mediators between us and God. We shall heuceforth address our homages di rectly to the Supreme Being. He said to the . Atheists, death is the commencement of im mortality. He said to the diplomatists, pub licists, and statesmen, there is no policy but injustice, nothing is just but the rights ofthe people; there is no good government, but where these rights are respected. He said to all classes, reform yourselves, punish? ban ish from amongst you the dilapidators, the ambitious, the base, and the corrupt; keep watch on the timid man and the exaggerator. The one feels not the love of the country; the other compromises it. The former is apt to be a hypocrite; the latter a traitor. Distrust these philanthropists who profess to love every body, in order to dispense with loving their own kindred; who make themselves citizens of the world, only to except themselves from the duties of the French citizens. Is his interest invoked in favor of other states, the victims of bad government, he replies that slaves are more contemptible even than ty rants. In short he sees nothing in the inter nal or external administration, which ought not to tend to the triumph of all the virtues to the annihilation of every vice; and to all his precepts Robespierre gives the authority of his own example; for his private life was without blemish or reproach. Relatively to a man like him, the minute details are interest ing facts, let us observe then that in the midst, of the revolutionary phreuzy which impelled so many other republicans to outrage good, manners, and decency itself, by their lan guage and costume, Robespierre showed him self the severe sensor of his most devoted par tisans; he awed them as much by his behavior as by his discourse; his head-dress and gar ments were always carefully attended to, but without foppery. It was the simple property of propriety. We have, as it were, givec a census of his enemies. This impracticable project of transforming into Spartans a people amiable and polished, fashioned to the soft habitudes which are ne cessarily contracted under a long reign of despotism, rich in all the blessings of civili zation, as well as infected by all the evils it produces, this project, we say, was taken up without due examination. One would have thought the Convention was applauding the reading of books of antiquity. But its execu tion! ah! there was the source of so much vio lence and tears, of such prodigious exertions, and of so many acts to counteract them. Robespierre presents pictures full of hope and seduction; they are admired; he demands ter rible laws; the Convention grants them with eagerness. Their first result is the oppres sion or death of a great number of royalists, heads of factions, traitors, and agents in the pay of foreign enemies; that gives strength and stability to the republic; a steady support is given to the man whom all regard as the president, as the very soul of the revolutiona ry government. But he wishes to arrive at the second result; it is to strike ' around him in the very midst of his flatterers of those who bad constituted themselves his slaves, be cause amongst them, too, he sees obstruction and danger to the consolidation of the new order of things. Here he is stopped short, his numerous euemies break through the state of thraldom he had placed them in; they sum mon to their aid all the discomntted factions, and Robespierre is overthrown, and his me mory loaded with all their iniquities. It has been said Robispierre usurped the powers of the nationl representation.. ...... But why did his colleagues surrender sucn powers, into his hands! Why .did they give to his be hests all the weight ef their ssnetionf Fr- 1 j i !i a rd H , ' ;' ti- v1 ,:4i I I in if i :i i 'M -4 1 M