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'CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT
H. I" HOLMES, Editor and Proprietor.
TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS; AND THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS CITIZENS."
FAYETTEVILLE, SATURDAY, MAY 16, 1840.
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H Letters on business connected with this estab
lishment, must De aaaressea n. l,. uolmcs, Audi
tor of the North-Carolinian, and in all cases post
National Democratic Conven
tion. In pursuance of the notice given, the dele
gates to this body met precisely at 12 o'clock
on Tuesday morning, in the hall of the Musi
cal Association. Felix Grundy, Esq. cal
led the Convention to order, and then moved
that Governor Hill of New Hampshire take
the chair, and that General Dix of New York
fee appointed Secretary pro I em.; which was
On motion, the Rev. Mr. Burke offered
up a prayer to the throne of Grace.
Oa motion of Mr. Simpson, a committee
consisting of one member from each State
was appointed to nominate candidates for
Piesident, lour Vice Presidents, aud a Sec
retary. The Secretary then proceeded to call the
Mr. Smith, of Maine, suggested that it
would be better first to ascertain whether all
the Delegates present were entitled to their
seats, before making the appointments pro
posed. Mr. Clay, of Alabama, was of the opin
ion that no question ought to be taken, as to
the eligibility of any Delegate, until the com
mittees should have reported.
Mr. Uredin moved that a committee be
appointed to receive the credentials of the
Delegates appointed. This he deemed to be
th propi-r course, and thought that, if any
other were adopted, it would lead to coufu-
Mr. Wisiiart opposed the motion, main
taining that the call of the roll should be con
tinued, ai.d'that when it was goue through
with, then a committee might be appointed to
ex inline the credentials of Deleagtes.
Mr. Clay, of Alabama, took a similar view
or the question.
The President pro. tern, stated that the
motion would be more properly in order when
the gentlemen present should have taken their
The Secretary then proceeded in the call
of States, and having completed it, it ap
peared there were Delegates from 21 States
in attendance, nr list see next column.
Mr. Kaufmans moved, as an amendment
to the origual motion, that a committee be ap
pointed, consisting of one Delegate from
each State, to recommend the appointment of
the officers ia question, and that the name of
each member be named, which was agreed to.
The following persons were appointed.
John G. PerKins, of Maine.
Henry Y. Simpson, of New Hampshire.
Phineas Allen, of Massachusetts.
William Eunis, of Rhode Island.
John Kellog, of Vermont.
William M. Oliver, of New York.
Joseph Northup, of New Jersey.
Joseph Engle, of Pennsylvania.
John T. Stoddart, of Maryland.
Weldom N. Edwards, of North Carolina.
Joseph Sturgis, of Georgia
F. C. McCalla, of Kentucky.
Samuel H. Laughlin, of Tennessee.
Samuel Medary, of Ohio.
Clement C. Clay, of Alabama.
Robert J. Walker, Mississippi.
R. C. Nicholas, of Louisiana.
Nathan Jackson, of Indiana. . -
John Jameson, of Missouri.
Elijah B. Mitchell, of Michigan.
Edward Cross, of Arkansas.
Mr. Smith, of Maine, moved the appoint
ment of a committee, vesting the committee
with power to ascertain who were entitled to
seats in this Convention, and also to report
their names: agreed to.
On motion, it was ordered that the com'
mittee should consist of niue members, and
that the President appoint it.
The President then named the following
gentlemen to constitute the committee:
William T. Rogers, of Pennsylvania.
Joel Terrell, of New York.
John Cassidy, of New Jersey.
Thomas Wilson, of Maryland.
Jonas E. Thomas, of Teunessee.
Albert Baker, of New Hampshire.
Peter Kauffinann, of Ohio.
James B. Peck, of Vermont. .
Jesse Bean, of Alabama.
Mr. Rodgers moved that when the con
lotion adjourn, it adjourn to meet again at
4 o'clock this afternoon: agreed to.
Mr. Grundy then rose, and proceeded to
make some remarks in favor of a strict scru-
tly being instituted into the qualifications
and rights of gentlemen presenting them
selves here as delegates from the respective
otates, which they profess to represent. He
argued that an investigation was necesary, in
order to prevent injustice .being done to the
Py, as had been the case four years ago, in
fegard to Tennessee, lie said that this Cou
Jjeution ought to come out with a clear, can
Jju, and true declaration of the sentiments of
Jjje Republican party as here represented. If
"tey did so, and should be right in the princi
ples avowed, there could be no doubt that an
honest, free, and independent people would
sustain tnern. He repeated, that if this, Cn
vention were frank with the people, they
..wu.u i, auppuneu, ii regarded as being in
u. Su . .nut it tney were wrong, they
would at least go down under the conscien
tious conviction of having performed what
uiey uenevea to De their duty. However,
whether right or wrong, let us tell them what
we mink, and not beguile or deceive them
Dy acting contrary to our sincere belief.
t L.oua cneennff.) llaviuv said thi m.i.K
he would now take his seat; but he would ad
dress the Convention further on this subject
Mr. Frazer expressed his hone that th
T. . n ..." r
jeiegaie irom 1 ennessee, Mr. Grundy,
wouio proceed with his remarks. He refer
red to the number of Deleeates from the State
of Pennsylvania, and remarked that it cave
u majority oi ou,t.ou tor lien. Jackson, and
asserted that at the coming Presidential elec
tion, the Democracy of the land of Peon.
could not be beaten by Tory Federalism.
The whole Democracy of the State, were
here represented, and they would speak trum
pet tongued to the people. "We." fcon-
tinued Mr. F. "hanging our banner on the
outer wall, we proclaim the eternal principle
that man is fit for self-government, and by
the aid of Almighty God, the people shall aud
will rule. They will triumph, aud thev shall
triumph. Aud that party who are afraid of
ineir principles, are unworthy of the suffra
ges and confidence of the people of this glo
Mr. Grundy rose amidst loud and enthu
siastic cheering, aud said: In one thing, fel
low citizens, ycu are not mistaken. Iam a
veteran in the cause of Democracy; I was
born so aud have lived so, even beyond my
three score years. I have often met in politi
cal conflict men of the other party, and am
still ready to meet them wherever and when
ever they may present themselves, on proper
and fit occasions. Yes, sir, an old aud sound
vessel, that has stood the quicksands, the
shoals, and the sawyers of the Mississippi
that has met in the open sea, the proudest
force of the enemy, and never struc k her flag
has often been compelled to meet their lit
tle skiffs aud bark canoes, is still as sound as
ever, and prepared for a new contest. I
stand here, fellow countrymen, as a Terines
sean should stand a an rhl TVriarrulraud
not only that, but I bring with me one who
has done his duty in the field this allusion to
General Carroll was received with an univer
sal burst of applause. Here we present
ourselves to the Democracy of the Union,
uot fearing to speak to them as boldly as we
have done in the field and the cabinet what
ever it becomes patriotic citizens to say aud
do. This, however, has little to do with the
present question. What, then, is our duty?
tvhat are the principles on which we stand
We say that we are the friends and advocates
of equal rights, or, in other words, that every
freeman shall stand on the broad platform ot
liberty and equality we want an open field
and a fair argument we want no adventi
tious aid, either from exclusive privileges or
But let me admonish you, fellow-citizens,
that we must take care of this institution cal
led a Bank of the United States. Do you
say that you will put it under such restraints
as will prevent it from usurping the liberties
of the couutry? what you put restraints on
this unshorn Sampson, ihat will rise up and
snap the feeble bauds you have put upon
him? They waut to rise up, my fellow coun
trymen, and set themselves above the Consti
titution and tho institutions of the couutry.
Look to that instrument by which our liber
ties are secured, and where in it do you find
any thing to authorize the belief that our
wise forefathers intended that rnoney should
rule, where freemen should only do so. Is it
money that makes the man, or honest indus
try? It is honest industry, aided by vhhie;
and let me tell you that it is the Democracy
who are the workingmen of the country.
Show me the man who wants to live on his
wits alone, or by the injuries he can inflict
upon his neighbors, aud I will tell you that
that man is not one of us. He does not be
long to our party at all. He is a Federalist,
aristocrat, aud modern Whig besides. There
was a time when the name of Whig sounded
delightfully aud pleasantly to every patriot's
ear, but that time has passed by. They were
the Whigs of the Revolution the friends of
the country. There was no British gold dif
fused among them, tor tney would not take it,
1 here was no .British influence acting upon
them, for they loved their country too well
to be swayed by foreign influence. Now
do not charge this against the present Whig
party, for it is not safe or just to deal in such
harsh denunciations, but this I must say, that
when you do find such men, nineteen out of
every twenty ot them do not belong to our
party: and that is not all. Men who do evil,
shun the light they do not want their deeds
to be seen. Now, whether it is a conscious
ness or not that they are acting wrong, he
would not say but so it is, that the Whigs
are unwilling to disclose to their countrymen
the principles which governed them, or in
deed whether they have any principles. at all
Is it not fair to infer that they well know that
if they disclose their opinions and the objects
for which they are contending," that the peo
ple will never put tbem in office? While
castiug my eyes around. the room, I see my
Ohio friends and this reminds me of Cin
cinnati and the manner in which the Whigs
manage their affairs there." At the close of
the late war with Great Britain, was there
man, woman, or child,- in that city, who ever
VOI., 2. JTO. 11. Whole Number 64.
thought of taking ut the present Whig candi
date for the Presidency? Now, I do not
wish to detract from the merits of that indi
vidual, for I wish that he was wiser and bet
ter, and more meritorious than he is: but let
i . .
us see now he is to be made President. It
will be recollected by all of us that when the
name of Andrew Jackson was announced for
the Presidency, the nomination, like a blaze
extended through the whole country, and nev-,
er ceased to show its light till the illustrious
hero and statesman was elevated to the Chief
Magistracy. It is true that art, contrivances,
ate. prevented his election at the first trial;
but the next time all the devices of tla Febk-4
party were ineffectual to prevent it.
tfut to return to the State of Ohio and the
city of Cincinnati. The Whigs there have
a candidate whom they want to make Presi
dent, ot whom four years ago very little was
heard; but within the last few months no
mortal man has ever grown so vastly as he.
frrom a plain honest clerk of a county court,
who interfered with nobody, and with whom
nobody interfered, he has grown to be an as
tonishingly great man, destined in their opin
ions to carry all before him. But notwith
standing all this, no one can, by any possi
bility, come at his opinions on any of the
great questions, interesting to the country, nor
ontaiu any information m regard to him, by
which they can measure his fitness aud capa
city for the high station to which ho aspires.
t hat have his friends done in regard to him?
Why, they won't let him be measured at all.
They have shut him up, (I will not say in a
cajre, but he minht as well be in onoA and
will not let him have the use of pen, ink and
paper, while his conscience keepers sav that
shall neither sneak nor write, and thev
will not do it for him. Now I ask this Con
vention, as sober, reflecting men, if this is
the way to make the President for tho people
of" the United States? I want to push this
matter a little further.
Mr. Buike the Postmaster at Cincinnati,
is here, and I intend, before we leave this
1 t . .
place, to asK nun to state whether this com
mittee does not regularly attend their candi
date to the post office, when he goes for let
ters, to see thnt he gets none that are not such
as they are willing that he should receive. It
is true that there are many wags in this coun
try, and that of some them may probably wi ite
hoaxing letters to the gentleman; and his
W hij advisers m:iv, "-' " r,".u.K: . I
iiuiitin-aunu OI reading iiitm, or tuvy mil
i . i i ; i
wiih to save postage, wmcn is always re
funded oi returning such letters to the post
oflice. But they open all his letters for
lum, and where there is nothing to be
i 1 -1 j.1 . .1 u
said in reply, mey answer luem; uiuuu
when there is, they will not answer them at
all. Now, this is the way in which they waut
to make a Presideut of die Uuited States.
It was different in old times. When Andrew
Jackson was put up for tho Presidency, 1
wonder if any man, or set of men, opened
and auswered his letters for him. When he
received a letter, he answered it himself; and
whether his opiuionswere right or wrong, he
expressed them openly and fearlessly, without
being dictated to by a human being. Inis
was the custom of all our former Presidents,
from Washington down to the present time;
and it is the custom of our present Chief
Magistrate. When his opinions were asked
on important questions oi state poncy, ue
gave them openly and distinctly. On the
subject ot Abolition, which the Whig tom-
mittee will not let their candidate speak out
upon, Mr. Van Buren has been most expli
cit. He has declared his opposition to that
fell spirit, in the strongest terms; and stated
in advauce, that he would veto any bill pas
sed by Congress, interfering with the ques
tion of slavery either in the states or in tne
District of Columbia. But how is it. with
the Whig candidate? There are vast num
bers of Abolitionists at the North, and though
they are a troublesome set of people, their
votes count as well as those ot others, xnow
the Whig Committee of Cincinnati have
come to the conclusion that a letter written
to the Abolitionists, unfavorable to their
views, would cause the loss of their votes,
while a letter of a contrary character would
cost them the votes of the South. Hence
the necessity, on their part, for avoiding all
correspondence on that subject; for whether
they vote one way or the other, they would be
placed in an awful predicament.
After a few more remarks, Mr. G. conclu
ded bv Dledffinc himself that the people of
his State would never vote for any man whose
principles and policy were not openly and
fearlessly avowed to them; and that, well
knowiug and having the fullest confidence in
the nresent Democratic candidate for the
Chief Magistracy, they would give him i
hearty and efficient support.
Mr. Clay of Alabama, from the commit
tee of twenty-one, to recommend suitable per
sons for officers for the Convention, reported:
Gov. William Carroll, of Tennessee.
For Vice Presidents.
Wm. T. Kogers, of Pennsylvania.
Gov. C P. Van Ness, of Vermont.
W. N. Edwards, of North Carolina.
Dr. Charles Parry, of Indiana.
John Nelson, esq. of Maryland
Hon. Alex. Mouton, of Louisiana.
Geo. A. Starkweather, of New York."
C. J- McNulty, of Ohio.
G. B. Adran, of New Jersey..
i Albert F. Baker, of New Hampshire.
The report of the committee' was unani-
nAUQiv concurred in. and the President was
conducted to the chair.
iur. kogers moved that when the Con
vention adjourn, it do so to meet again at
4 o clock.
The President Mr. Carroll then took
iue cnair; when,
On motion of MrGRUNDY, the Conven
The Convention met again at 4 o'clock,
pursuant to adjournment.
The President then rose, and addressed
the Convention to the following effect:
Fellow'Citizens: I should do injustice
t my feelings if I were to omit the expres
sion of my gratitude on this occasion for the
unexpected honor conferred on me, in calling
upon me, to preside over the deliberations of
this body. I beg leave to remark, however
in justice to the Convention and to mvself.
that I feel as if I was disoualified for the dis
charge ot the duties of the station in which I
am placed; for although I have spent twenty
years of my life in the service of my country
in peace and in war, yet it has so happened
that I never belonged to a deliberative assem
bly. Of course, then it is not to be expect
ed that I should possess such a knowledge of
me ruies to govern their proceedings as is ne
cessary to the discharge of the duties of the
station 1 have been called to fill. T hrr
leave to remark, however, lhat I shall throw
myself on your indulgence, and when I am
at a loss, I shall ask the aid of those who have
had more experience, and are able to guide
me in that respect. And in truth when I
consider the cause which has brought us to-
;ether, I can expect nothing but unanimity
u our proceedings. There will, therefore,
be very little demand for any thing like talent
in the presiding officer. When I came here,
did not expect to be elevated to this office.
and I felt my incompetence; and I had a de
sire this morning that the committee would
not present my name. However, as I came
acre resolved to do my duty in whatever sta
tion I might be placed, either as a soldier or
an officer, I have submitted to them. "With
single additional remark. I shall trouble vou
no further. The cause which has brought us
together this day, is the cause of the Ameri
can people, and it is one in which every Re
publican feels a deep and abiding interest.
It is a cause, if we succeed, to promote the
lappiness and prosperity of the yeomanry
We have nothing, then, to do but that which
ntimately concerns all who belong to the
Republican party, and that is to take post in
the rauks, wherever it be, and to fight the
battle manfully till November next; and if
wo do that, the victory will be ours. But,
gentlemen, rely upon it, we must stand shoul
der to shoulder there must not be one single
inch left in our ranks for the enemy to make
an inroad. If we do, defeat may be the con
sequence, 1 say, again, let every Republican
in the United States, and more especially
those now present, determine to do his duty,
and victory will be the inevitable consequen
ce, f Loud and reiterated cheers. 1
Mr. Grundy here announced that he had
discharged his duty on the Committee on
Nominations, who had already made their re
port, and that the Convention was now duly
The Rev. Mr. Hancock, at the sugges
tion of Mr. Grundy, come foi ward and of-
ferred up a prayer to the throne of grace.
Mr. Rogers, from the committee appoint
ed to examine the credentials of delegates,
made a report on that subject; which was laid
on the table for the present, and was as fellows;
Cornelius C. Van Riper
Rodman M. Trice
John S. Darcey
Samuel A. Harrison
Joseph A. Bowles
C olin Robertson
Joseph Northup, jr.
George EI. Nelden
Wm. A. B njamin;
John A. Perrine
A. H. Armour
Joseph K. Hulme
John R. Slack
Dnniel W. L, ppincott
John W. Micklo
Richard P. Thompson
W. H. Nelson
Geo. W. Riipp
G. B. Adrian
J. L. Compton
S. V. R. Patterson
William T. Rogers. Rohert H. Hammond
Geo. L. Ashmead
John J. McCahan
John H. Brinton
John Wesi brook
Henry W. Smith
Robert J. Fisher
J. B. Ard
S. F. Headley
William A. Prtrikin
L. L. Rigelour
John H. Wishart
H. Gold Rogers
Galbraith A. Irvine
Wm. O. Bnfler
F. C. McCalla
Siim'l H. Laush'in
ohn C. Rndjrers
Jonas E. Thomas
James I. Ferran
T. S. Bates
W. B. Morris
LIST OF DELEGATES.
H -zekiah Williams
D-iniel 1 -nmu.ond
Ja , esB 11
Isuthiin S. Brry
John R. Reding
Cornelius P. "Van Ness E. B. Chase
Wm. C. Bradley Isaac AlcDonalas
Lucius Peck ,
Thomas S. Taylor
John T. Paine
John G. Peikins
Al eit Siuiili
Edward Obri n
Thomas J. Parsons
Gov. Isaac Hill
Henry T. Simpson
John P. Smith
John Brown Frances
Leffey Hagard ,
Dutee J. Pearce
Samuel T. Atwe'I
16th. Frederick Lansing
James S. Bliven
Claik Dal Riinple
George G. Slincss
John A Dix
Wm. M. Oliver
1st. Frederick W. Lord
2nd. Culeb T. Ward
3d. Fernando Wood
" Chas. G. Feiris
" John J. Mumfurd
" W rght Hawks
4th. Sjlvanus Warren
5ih Stoihen Thorn
6 h. diaries Monell
7th. Jonal D. Ostrander
8ih. Moidccai Myers
" James Powers '
9th. Henry Vail
li'th. Ji'ms M.French
I !th. Joh i J. DcGraff
1 2th. John McLean
13th. A. C. HanJ
17ih. Joel Turrell
" Aifrtd Munnon
18th. Di'vid D. Otis
1 9i h. G. A. St a rk weather
SUth. N. K. Wheeler
21st J. R. Chamberlain
22d. S. G- Hathaway, jr.
" Amasa Dana
23d, Jonas Earll, jr.
Otis P. Grander
24th. John Porter
25th Bryan Green
26th. William Blossom
27th. Francis E. Erwin .
28ih. Ash!ey Sampson
29th. S. Benedict, jr.
30th. Asa Nowlen
31st. Wm. E. Peacock
. . i 11-.... W O 'U
14th Ransom fcl. Utliei 12a. ncnry-oiuiui
lih" Henrv Adams , 33d. Sherburri B:, Piper
nPT.EGATES FROM NEW JERSEY
Samuel H. Berry . M1".
John M. CorneUson
Benjamin H. Leppineott
Dr. Enoc-h George John Nelson
Co!. James Polk
Dr. Thomas Wilson
W. N. Edwards
Wm. P. Maultsby
H. G. S. Key
Janus S. Battle
Thomas'T. Fad van
Sumner A. Williams
Robert M. Morgan
H. L. Turney
P. B. Anderson
wi n -
John B. Weller
S. A. Barker
Daniel M. Cook
Wm. H. Baldwin
C. C. Clay
A. G. Brown
Gen. M. F. De GrafTenreid
Rohert J. Walker '
R. C. N'cholas Alex. Mouton
T. M. Wadsworth
John Kane Miles Murphy
Charles Pang Nathan Jackson
TiMiman A. Howard 1 nomas amitn
John W. Davis
Falkland H. Martin
R. A. Forsyth
Elijah B. Mitchell
Mr Hill submitted the following resolu
tions, which, after a few remarks by Messrs.
Kaufmanu, Grundy, and billet, were aaopi-
Resohed, That a committee be appointed
to draft resolutions declaratory of the princi
ples of the Republican party of the Union.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed,
to prepare an address in support of the princi
the Renublican party of the Union.
On motion, by Mr. Gillet, the President
th delegates, bv States, to nomi-
iiate one person from each of the States to
constitute the committee to prepare resolu
tions declaratory of the principles of the Re
publican party of the Union, when the follow
ing gentlemen were reported to the Conven
tion, aud appointed:
David Hammond, of Maine.
John R. Reding, of New Hampshire.
Phineas Allen, of Massachusetts.
George G. Stiness, of Rhode Island.
Lucius Y. Peck, of Vermont.
Hon. Ransom H. Gillet, of New York,
Chairmau. - ' r
John M. Cornelisou, of New Jersey.
John Breedin, of Pennsylvania.
Henry G. S. Key, of Maryland.
Henry Bushbee, of North Carolina.
Col. Ossian Gregory, of Georgia.
Hon. Liun Boyd, of Kentucky.
Samuel H. Loughlin, of Tennessee.
Peter Kauffmann, of Ohio. .
Hon. David Hubbard, of Alabama.
Gen. De Graflenreid, of Mississippi.
Hon. R. C. Nicholas, of Louisiana.
Hon. John Kauc, oflndiana. r
Hugh O. Neal, of Missouri. ' ;
Sheldan McKnigbt, of Michigan.
Hon. Edward Cross, of Arkansas. i
On motion by Mr. Jliil, Ihe following gen
tlemen were appointed after the same man-
ner to constitute the committee to prepare an
address in support of the principles of the Re
publican party of the Union, viz:
Samuel Wells, Esq. of Maine.
Gov. Isaac Hill, of New Hampshire,
Clark Dalrymple, of Rhode Island.
John Kellog, of Vermont.
John A. Dix, of New York.
Col. Wm. Cook, of New Jersey.
Henry Horn, of Pennsylvania.
Wm. P. Maulsby, of Maryland.
Welden N. Edwards, of North Carolina.
Joseph Sturgess, of Georgia.
F. C. McCalla, of Kentucky.
Alexander Anderson, of Tennessee.
Samuel A. Barker, of Ohio.
Jesse Bean, of Alabama.
Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi.
T. M. Wadsworth, of Louisiana.
Miles Murphy, of Indiana.
F. H. Martin, of Mississippi.
E. B. Mitchell, of Michigan.
Hon. Edward Cross, of Arkansas.
Mr. Clay, of Alabama, offered a resolution,
which was adopted, for the appointment of a
committee, consisting of one member from
each State, for the purpose of taking into
consideration, and reporting at the next ses
sion of the Convention, upon the subject of
the nominations of President and Vice Presi
dent. The following gentlemen were then ap
pointed after the same manner as the previ
ous committees, viz:
John G. Perkins, of Maine.
Nathiel S. Berry, of New Hampshire.
Phineas Allen, Esq. of Massachusetts.
Col. Wm. Ennis, of Rhode Island.
Gov. C. P. Van Ness, of Vermont.
Jonas Earl, Jr. of New York.
John W. Nichols, of New Jersey.
Dr. John Wishart, of Pennsylvania.
J. C. Orrick, of Maryland.
W. N. Edwards, of North Carolina.
Jos. Sturgess, of Georgia.
William O. Butler, of Kentucky.
Felix Grundy, of Tennessee.
Wm. Patterson, of Ohio.
Clement C. Clay, of Alabama.
Robert J. Walker, of Mississippi.
Alexander Mouton, of Louisiana.
Nathan Jackson, oflndiana.
John Jameson, of Missouri.
On motion, the Convention adjourned to
meet again at 10 o'clock to-morrow morn
The following gentlemen being loudly cal
led for, severally addressed the meeting, in
warm and enthusiastic speeches: Messrs.
Howard, of Indiana, Duncan, Walker, and
The meeting adjourned.
Wednesday, May 6, 1S40-
The Convention met pursuant to adjourn
ment, when Mr. Burke made an address to
the throne of Grace.
Mr. Bredin of Pennsylvania said he held
in his hand the proceedings of a public meet
ing held in Hardy county, Virginia, at which
meeting several gentleman had been appoint
ed to attend this Convention. Two of that
delegation, Mr. G. T. Barber and Dr. N.
D. Parran, were then present. He observed
that it was known that a State Convention of
Virginia had determined not to send Dele
gates to this Convention. This county was
not represented in that convention. Under
the circumstances of the case, he moved that
the proceedings of this meeting, with the
credentials of the Delegates, be referred to
the committee having charge of the creden
tials; which was agreed to: referred to the
Committee on Credentials.
Mr. Gillet, of New York, from the com
mittee appointed to draft resolutions, expres
sing the views and principles of the Demo
cratic party, reported that they bad had that
subject under consideration, and that they had
instructed him to report the following resolu
tions. - He was further instructed to say that
the committee was entirely unanimous in
favor of the propositions they submitted to tho
Convention. Mr. G. then read the resolu
tions in his place, as follows:
1. Resolved, That the Federal Govern
ment is one of limited powers, derived solely
from the Constitution, and the grants ot pow
er shown therein, ought to be strictly con
strued by all the Departments . and agents of
the Government, and that it is inexpedient
and dangerous to exercise doubtful constitu
2. Resolved, That the Constitution does
not confer upon the Geueral Government the
power to commence, and carry on, a general
system of internal improvements.
3. Resolved, That the Constitution does
not confer authority upon the Federal Gov
ernment, directly or indirectly, to assume the
debts of the several States, contracted for
local internal improvements, or other State
purposes; nor would such assumption be just,
4. Resolved, That justice and sound poli
cy forbid the Federal Government to foster
one branch of industry to the detriment of
another, or to cherish the interests of one
portion to the injury of another portion of our
common country that every citizen and
every section of the country, . has a . right to
demand and insist upon an equality of rights
and privileges, and to complete an ample pro
tection of persons and property from domes
tic violence, or foreign aggression.
6. Resolved, That it is the duty of every
branch of the' Government, to enforce and
practise the most rigid economy, in conduct
ing our public ' afiairs, and that no more re
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