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THE NORTH - CAROILINIABf.
of money, accruing or becoming payable to the linked States, to be collected and paid in the notes of the specie paying banks, shall be so modified as that one-fourth of all such du ties, faxes, sales of public lands, debts, and sums of money accruing or becoming due to the United States, shall be collected in the legal currency of the United States, and from and after the thirtieth day of June., which will be in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-one, one other fourth part of all such duties, taxes, sales of public lands, debts, and sums of money, shall be so collected; and that from and after Oss thirtieth day of June, which will be in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-two, one other fouth part of all such duties, taxe3, sales of public lands, debts and Mim3 of money, shall be so collect ed; and that from and after the thirtieth day of June, which will be in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-three, the remaining fourth part of the said duties, taxes, sales of public lands, debts and sums of money, shall be also collected in the legal currency . of the United States; and from and after the last mentioned day, all sums accruing, or becom ing payable to the United States, for duties, taxes, sales of public lands, or other debts, and also the sums due for postages, or other wise, to the General Post Office Department, shall be paid in gold and silver only. Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That from and after the thirtieth day of June, which will be in the year one thousand eight hun dred and forty-three, every officer or agent engaged in making disbursements on account of the United States, or of the General Post Office, shall make all payments in gold and silver coiu only; and any receiving or dis bursing officer, or agent, who shall neglect, evade, or violate the provisions of this and the last preceding section ot this act, shall, by the Secretary of the Treasury, be immediately re ported to the President of the United States, with the facts of such neglect, evasion, or vio lation, and also to Congress, if in session, and, if not in session, at the commencement of its session next after the violation takes place. Spc 21. And be it further enacted. That no exchange of funds shall be made by any disbursing officers, or agents of the Govern ment, of any grade or denomination whatso ever, or connected with any branch of the public service, other than an exchange for Sold and silver; and every such disbursing officer, when the means for hu disbursments are furnished to him in currency legally re ceivable under the provisions of this act, shall make his payments in the currency so furoish--ed, or when those means are furnished to him in drafts, shall, cause those drafts to be pre sented at their place of payment and properly paid according to the law, and shall make his payments in the currency so received for the drafts furnished, unless, in either case, he can exchange the means in his hands for gold and silver at par, and so as to facilitate his pay ments, or otherwise accommodate the public service and promote the circulation of a me tallic currency; And it shall be, and is hereby made the duty of the head or the proper de partment immediately to suspend from duty any disbursing officer who shall violate the provision! of this .section, and forthwith to report the name of the officer, or agent, to the President, with the fact of the violation and till irrrvrn n 7 1 nrr f Vl O como and within the knowledge of the said Secre tary, to the end that such officer, or agent, may be promptly removed from office, or re stored to his trust and the performance of his duties as to the President may seem just and nroner. Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for the Secretary of the Treasury to make or continue in force, any general order, wnicn snail create any ainer eace between the different branches of reve nue, as to the funds or medium of payment, in which debts or dues accruing to the United States may be paid. Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That it shall ba the duty of the Secretary of the Trea sury to issue and publish regulations to en force the speedy presentation of all Govern ment drafts for payment at the place where payable, and to prescribe the time, according to the different distances ot the depositaries from the seat of Government, within which all drafts upon thorn, respectively, shall be pre sented for payment, in default of such presen tation, to direct any other mode and place of payment which he may deem proper; but in all those regulations aud directions, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to guard, as far as may be, against those drafts being used or thrown into circulation, as a paper currency, or medium of exchange. Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That the receivers general of the public money di rected by this act to be appointed, shall re ceive, respectively, the following salaries, per annum, to be paid quarter-yearly, at the Trea sury of the United Slates, to wit: the receiver general of public money at New York shall be paid a salary of four thousand dollars per annum; the receiver-general of the public money at Boston, shall be paid a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum; the receiver-general of the public money at Charleston, shall be, paid a salary of two thousand five hundred dollars per annum; and the receiver-general of the public money at St. Louis, shall be paid a salary . of- two thou sand five hundred dollars per annum; the treasurer of the Mint of Philadelphia shall in addition to his piesent salary, receive five hundred dollars, annually, for the'performance of the duties imposed by this act; the treasurer of the branch mint at New Orleans shall also receive one thousand dollars, annually, for the additional duties created by this act; and these salaries, respectively, shall be in full for the services of the respective officers, nor shall either of them be permitted to charge, or re ceive, any commission, pay, or perquisite, for any. official service of any character or description whatsoever; and the making of any such charge, or the receipt of any such compensation, is hereby declared to be a misdemeanor, for which the officer convicted thereof, before any court of the United States of competent Jurisdiction, shall be subject to punishiwent by fine, br.imprisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court before which the offence shall be tried. Sec 25. Aud bo it further enacted, That the Treasurer of the United States be, and is hereby authorized to receive at the Treasury, and at such other points as he may designate, payments in advance for public lands, the payments so made, . in all cases, to be evi denced by the receipt of the said Treasurer of the United States; which receipt so given shall be receivable for public lands, at any public or private sale of lands, in the same manner as the currency authorized by law to be received in payment for the public lands; Provided, however, That the receipts given by the Treasurer of the United States, pursu ant to the audiority con let red iu this section, shall not be negotiable or transferrable, by delivery, or assignment, or in any other man ner whatsoever, but shall, in all cases, be pre sented in payment for lands by or for the per son to whom the receipt was given, as shown upon its face. Sec. 26. And be it further enacted, That for the purchase of sites and for the construc tion of the offices of the receiver-general of public money, by this act directed to, be erec ted at Charleston, South Carolina,- and at St. Louis, Missouri, there shall be, and hereby is, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of ten thousand dollars, to be expen ded under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, who is hereby lequired to adopt plaCs for the said offices, and the vaults and safes connected therewith, and to cause the same to be constructed and prepared for use with as little delay as shall be consistent wilh the public interests, and the convenient loca tion and security of the buildings to bo elec ted; Provided, however, That if the Secretary of the Treasury shall find upou inquiry and examination, that suitable rooms for the use of the receiver-general at Charleston can be obtained in the custom-house now owned by the United States at that place, and that secure vaults and .safes can be constructed in that building for the safe-keeping of the public money, then he shall cause such rooms to be prepared and fitted up, and such vaults and safes to be constructed in the . custom-house at Charleston, and no independent office shall be there erected. Sec. 27. Arid be it further enacted, That, for the payment of expenses authorized by this act other than those hereinbefore provi ded for, a sufficient sum of money be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not other wise appropriated. Sec. 2S. And be it further enacted, That all acts or parts of acts which come in con flict with the provisions of this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed. It. M. T. HUNTER, Speaker of the House of Representatives. RII. M. JOHNSON, Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate. Approved July. 4, 1840. M. VAN BUR EN. From the Richmond Enquirer. Royal Munificence and "Log Cabin' Lies. Our friends will pay no attention to the ef forts of the R." Whig and that unprincipled subaltern Ogle of Pennsylvania, to excite a prejudice against the President on account of furniture. Mr. Davis of Ky., says, " the Opposition is not pledged to retrenchment.," Mr. Rhett of South Carol ina says, the Whigs are to blame for the appropriations beyond estimates. Mr. Barnard of New York charges too much economy on the Presi dent. Mr. Lincoln, a gentleman of manlv bearing,(a Whig,) says Ogle's "isa small busi ness," and that Mr. Van Buren "is not to blame for the furniture of the White House," but '.hat the Committee on Public Buildings, of which he is himself a member, "deserve censure if any be due." What said Mr. L? "He (Mr. Lincoln,) was no friend of Mr. Van Buren, but he would Co him justice to say, if there was any thing wrong in relation to the furniture of the White House, the Pres ident was not to blame for it. Ou the con trary, he (Mr. L.) knew his great delicacy on the subject, and icould assure the gentlemen that, whenever the committee had consulted ih President in relation to any additional furni ture, HE HAD INVARIABLY EXPRESSED HIS RELUCTANCE TO HAVE ANY THING EXPEND ED for that object. He (Mr. L.) would slate, from his own knowledge, that not a single article of furniture supplied during the last three years, had been supplied at the re quest of the President. The committee alone were answerable, and they would assume the responsibility. But so far was the President from desiring any additions made to the fur niture, that, about two years ago, it actually became necessary for himself, and the other members of the committee to do what he had never done before, nor would he ever do it again. Hid gentlemen wish to know what that was? He would tell them. It was to go through every room in another man's house, to-see how much furniture he wanted, and what conveniences were required. He hoped that gentlemen would take notice of this fact, and remember it whenever they at tempted to cast censure on the President in relation to his furniture." Mr. L. added, that the furniture is not "unnecessary or inappropriate to such a building;" that none of it can be dispensed with unless the Whigs intend to "build a log cabin for Gen. H. to live in" when elected, in which event he sup poses "a few of the articles might be dispen sed with." He repeats that Mr. Ogle, in objecting to the furniture of the President's house, was guilty of "a small business in deed." Mr. Andrews, another Whir. belai bors the miserable calumniator from Penn sylvania in a similar vein of criticism and reproof. Yet the effort is still continued by the subalterns (the R. Whig and others) to excite an unrounded prejudice against the President. This Whig proof, we hope, will throw some light on the subject and satisfy our friends that here, a3 in most Whig com plaints, there-is nothing wrong. Fortunately there is honesty and candor enough in their own ranks to give the lie direct to their owl infamous and hellish falsehoods. Some abuse Mr. V. Buren for too much economy, and seme for too much extravagance. . In the name of heaveu'and justice will not the peo ple of this country, stand by and vindicate from reproach their faithful public ser vant? Nothing proves more decidedly the despera tion to which the Federal " Party are driven, than the recourse which the R. Whig and oth er presses have hod to this Speech of Mr. Ogle. Notwithstanding the vile taste, and low balderdash, aud the .contemptible so phistries, and the gross impositions which run through the whole of it, they have seized . upon it as a part of their fixed ammunition. Noth ing shows the extremities to which they are driven. The Colleagues of this very man blushed at the indecencies and falsehoods to which he descended. As one proof of his extreme littleness and. shameless audacity, he brings up the old story of the gold spoons, though it was nailed upon the spot by Mr. Andrews. Yet W. C. Rives does not. hesi tate to repeat the story. We deduce the following facts from the late speech of Mr. McKay of N, C. in reference to the retrenchments which have been effected by General Jackson and Mr. Van Buren. Look well to it, fellow-citizens: 1st. That Mr. Van Buren, in his last mes sage, expressed a desire for economy, aud that if Congress did not exceed the estimates, there would be a reduction of five millions in expenditures. 2d. That the Ways and Means Chairman had said that the estimates in some items had been reduced, in all probability, showing that a retrenchment of some twelve millions had taken place in three years of this administra tion. 3d. That though expenditures were larger, they furnished 110 evidence of extrava gance. 4th. That in a new conntry like ours, ex penditures must, to a certain extent, keep pace with developement of resources, wealth, population, &c. 5th. That, according to 'his test, expen ditures had been less since Gen. Jackson's election than before. 6th. That, according to this test, the Fed eral Government had been more economical, and had expended less than the States of New York, Pennsylvania and Maryland, leaving out of the count their vast outlays in Internal Improvements. 7th. As evidence of the great develope ment of the -resources of the nation and con sequent expenditures, he alluded to the exten sion of mail facilities, the number of post offices increased from 7 to' 14, COO, without adding any thing tc the burdens on the peo ple, postage being the same, and the revenues from $1,600,000 to 5,100,000 per an num. Sth. That the President has no control over the expenditures. 9th. That Gen. Jackson was opposed to heavy expenditures, (see messages,) and by his veto on the Maysville road saved one hun dred millions to the people. 10th. That no new tax had been laid since Jackson's election, but that a great many had been taken off amounting, in 1831, to $3,728,000 '32, to 7,300,000 in '33 to 19,7S9,0G0 in '34, to 24,445,000 in '35, to 27,453,000 in '36, to 34,68S,000 mak ing in those years $117,407,000 of taxes tak en off, which, added to taxes utxv jucd, would be 217,407,000 yet no retrench ment ! ! ! 11th. That, in the last four years, the re duction on taxes was larger than the whole amount of receipts under Mr. Adam's Ad ministration. 12lh. That if the Tariff of '2S had remain ed unaltered, the receipts would have been 100 millions more lhau during the adminis tration of Gen. Jackson. The principal re duction had been effected on necessaries which saved the people one half of this sum on the article of tea 15,COO,000 had been ef fected in 3 years coffee, 13,000,000 sugar and so oh. 13. That the Surplus Rerenue was one cause of increased expenditures that those who opposed repeal of duties were responsi ble that Mr. Clay, in '33, admitted his sys tem was in danger from friends of the admin istration; that compromise saved it from over throw in 1836, admitted that surplus was foreseen at time of compromise act, and at tempted to guard against it by distributing proceeds of public lands. If views of the executive had been carried out, as to Tariff, taxes would have been reduced still far ther. 14th. That increased appropriations begot increased estimates, and that Congress was responsible for both, &c. 15th. "Mr McK. then showed that even the estimates, under existing laws, fluctuated. Supplies to the army and navy being influen ced by the state of the currency of the coun try, cost more some years than others; this was one cause that contributed to swell the ap propriation during the last and present Ad ministrations, the prices of provision during that period being very high. He then went into an examination in detail, and .showed the large amounts appropriated to national objects during the administration of, Mr. Ad ams. He examined in detail all the appro priations which made up the excess over the administration of that gentleman, and showed conclusiv ely that many of the objects of those appropriations originated with the Opposition, and that that party had invariably voted for all the appropriations, for the increase of which they wished to make the present Administra tion accountable. The remarks of Mr. McK. wiU be published in full hereafter." These are facts; and we dare the devils to deny them if they do we will nnhlish the proof. Take care of the Federal "foe cabin" slangwhangers! The bigger the cabin, the bigger the libel. Merited Compliments. At Vw liw cratic Republican celebration of the 4th, at T..-1, tt:ii t i ... .. . 7 " xrennsyivania, tne following com pliments were paid to Mr. i?rotm. . By the Committee. The Hon. Bedford Brown of North Carolina. Able nntlriiKr. persevering and eloquent; he stands among i.ia icauess, oemocratic, and elevated asso ciates, as fearless, as democratic, as elevated as any. That popularity which has made him one of the national representatives of his State, can well be anntwinfml hv k, JomA- cracy of the Keystone, who have listened this mj to in leacnings. To thi3 Mr. Brown made an eloquent re ply, and concluded by offering the follow ing: The principles of the Democratic party, They are. the principles .of liberty, the con stitution, and the union; they must and will prevail. By Elisha Tyson. The Hon. Bedford Brown. An indomitable spirit, ever opposed to aristocracy, and upholding the genuine principles of American republicanism. High Compliment! No Republican in the U. States can be a stranger to the noble character- of Nathaniel. Macon of N. Caro lina: the high praise of such a man is one of the highest eulogiums which any one can desire. The Warrenton (N. C.) Reporter of last Saturday states that Mr. Weldon Ed wards (one of the distinguished sons of N. C, and Mr. Macon's Executor) iq his pow erful speech, made in the Democratic Meet ing of Warren county last week, stated the fact (which was corroborated by many pre sent) that but a short time before the death of this lamented patriot, he expressed the beliet, that Mr. Van Buren teas better suited, both by his political principles -and excellent pri vate character, for the Presidency, than any otlier man he knew. No man was better able to judge of his coirect Republican principles than the venerable Macon, for they had serv ed long and intimately together in public lite." Mr. Webster's doctrine of change seems , w t- . y - ml 1 to he Dcrv:idinr Kentucky ltseit. lne lasr Columbus Statesman has a letter from Louis ville, of the 5th, which says that important changes are taking place "and mentions as the most prominent Whigs, who have desert ed Harrison already, in this State, Hon. Ben. Hardin, formerly a member of Congress; Hon. Henry Daniel, who left us upon the veto question, but has returned; John II. Helm, late Speaker of the House of Repre sentatives of this State,.aud Robert N. W7ick liffe, Esq., for several years a prominent mem ber of the Legislature from Mr. Clay's own county. Even in this city, changes are tak ing place every day. The miserable tom foolery, of building apologies for log-cabins, with other like meny-Audrew tricks of the pSrty, are disgusting to all decent Whigs, and many of them, are determined to abandon such folly and be governed by their sober and discreet judgment. The "log-cabin and hard cider" catch-words, have lost their cabalistic charm, and with the Jim Brown and Jim Crow Harrison melodies, are sinking the miserable faction, who make use of such tricks to gull the people, into" merited contempt." Communications. TO THE FREEMEN OF CUMBER LAND COUNTY. The most hideous monster, conjured up to frighten you from your principles, is digni fipfl with the nainn of " Th Armv Bill ! " Perhaps the most frightful garb in which this mo n p. tor has yet appeared before you, is the one thrown around him by "The Young Men's Whisr Committee, of Cumberland." O ' 3 decorated with this warlike motto: "The Administration's Plan of a Standing Army of 200,000 Militia ! " In this terriffic dress he has been thrust into vour eoiintv. in n j , manner calculated, I will not say designed-, to alarm the timid and to mislead the igno rant. To give it the finishing stroke, it is renresented hv some as the Presidpnt's tar- ling, and " recommended to Congress by Mr V an liuren himself ! : ! " reemeii of Cum berland county, if you will do justice to Mr Van Buren justice to yourselves and jus tice to the party who seek to terrify you about this matter, you will investigate and act ac cording to your judgment, and not your ear. NO Army. Bill has been before Congress during the whole past session ! No " Plan of a standing army " has been recommended bv Mr. Van Buren ! No administration man iu the Senate or in the House, has proposed or advocated sucti a doctrine ! It is a federal and not a republican do'ctrin? a rWfrlno ncrer advanced by Mr Van Buren, and of wnicn none can oe suspected but those who opposed reducing the standing army during the elder Adams'' administration, anion lehnm ' O was General Harrison ! ! who says his views have undergone no change. But what is the true history of this grievous charge ? What are the facts ? A bill had passed Congress appropriating ten millions of dollars, and au thorizing the acceptance of fifty thousand vol unteers, to meet the apprehended difficulties on the northeastern frontier. Wrar was threatening our country. Mr Poinsett, Se cretary of War, was called on by a commit tee of the House, and his propositions were made in obedience thereto. The Secretary iu his annual report cave merelv a general m C7 j o - outline of a plan for reorganizing the militia ; according to custom this annual teport, dated Nov. 30, 1839, was submitted to the Presid ent, who in his message used this lanuae : "The present condition of the defences of . -m our principal sea-ports and navy yards, as represented by the accompanying report of the Secretary of War, calls for the early and serious attention of Congress; and, as con necting itself intimately with this subject, I cannot recommend too strongly to your con sideration the plan submitted by that officer for the organization of the militia of the U. States." A resolution passed the House calling on Mr Poinsett for the details of his plan, and he submits them in a letter dated the 20th March, 1840. This letter contains all the ob noxious features so unconstitutional," ex pensive," "oppressive," &c., &c. It is dat ed near three months after the PrsidenPs Ma sage ! ! And Mr Poinsett, in air- explana tory letter, expressly says It was prepared, as has already been stat ed, at the request of a committee of the House of Representatives, expressed at the close of last session, and reported to this Congress upon a call of the House made directly tpon the Secretary of War, and, as is usual in all such cases, sent to that- hA previously submitted to the President. With it tM M Ilia 1L rf m uiereiore, he has nothing to do." If Poinsett is a gentleman, and tells the u-uth, Mr Van Buren did not know of these obnoxious features when be delivered his message ; he therefore merely recommended to the consideration of Congress matters con tained in the annual report. - He did not even recommend the adoption, but merely the con sideration of them. And of this same paper of which the President speaks, the leading Whig paper, the Intelligencer of Jan. 4th, 1840, uses the following language, and if the President is criminal, so Is this great Whig organ: . " With regard to the subject of Mr Poin sett's report, though wo cannot concur in all his recommendations, it appears to us that most of them are well considered and entitled to respectful and serious consideraton." " But the whigs say the President ought to have known what was in Poinsett's letter. Not at all. He did know what was in the annual report, and of that he spoke ; but the letter of details was called for by the House submitted to the House, and was a matter exclusively between the Secretary and the House, nearly three months after the Message. So much for the charge that the President re commended a " Standing Army," or Mr Poinsett's plan as detailed in his letter of 20th March 1S40. . . But this obnoxious " Plan " is misrepre sented ; it has many objectionable, clauses ; many are misunderstood, or wilfully miscon strued, and some are denounced as odious, which are now in force. For instance, it is denounced as expensive because the 21st section requires every man to purchase his own equipments, rifle, &c. This is a decep tive attack made by those who do, or ought to know that such is precisely the law now; every man is now bound to equip himself at bis own expense. Here is the law ; it was passed 8th May, 1 792, under General IVash ington,s administration, and has never been repealed. Read it. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Stales of America in Congress assembled, That each and every free, able-bodied, white, male citizen of the respective States, resident therein, who is or who shall be of the age of eighteen years, and under the age ot forty-five years, (except as is hereinafter excepted,) shall, severally and respectively, be enrolled in the militia by the captain or commanding officer of the company within whose bounds such citizen shall reside, and that within twelve months after the passing of this act; and it shall, at all times hereafter, be the duty of every such captain or commanding officer of a company to enrol every such citizen as aforesaid, and also those who shall, from time to time, arrive at the age of eighteeu, or, be ing of the age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty-five years, (except as before excepted,) shall come to reside within his bounds; and shall, without delay, notify such citizen of the said enrolment by a proper non commissioned officer of the company, by whom such notice may be proved. That every citizen so enrolled and notified shall, within six months hereafter, provide himself with a good musket, or firelock; a sufficient bayonet and belt; two spare flints, and a knapsack; a pouch with a box therein, to contain not less than twenty-four cartridges suited to the bore of his musket, or firelock, each carriage to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball; or, with a good rifle, knapsack, shot pouch, and powder-horn, twenty balls, suited to the bore of his rifle, and a quarter of a pound of powder: and shall appear, so armed, accoutred, and provided, when called out to exercise, or iuto service, except that, when called ont on company days to exercise only, may appear without a knapsack. That the commissioned officers shall, severally, be armed with a sword, or hanger, and espontoon. And that, from and after five years from the passing of this act, all muskets for arming the militia, as herein required, shall be of bores sufficient for balls of the eighteenth part of a pound. And every citizen so eurolled, and providing himself with 'the arms, ammunition, and accoutre ments, secured as foresaid, shall hold the same exempted from all suits, distresses, ex ecutions, or sales for debt, or for the pay ment of taxes." Again it is said the 17th section authorizes the President to order you to muster iu Flori da, away from your families, and takes from the States the training of the militia. Tis true, if separated from the other sections, and the explanations' made by Poinsett to the chairman of the committee on the Militia, it is susceptible of that erroneous construction. But read his letter to the committee, in which he directly contradicts the idea of any man's being taken from his own state : "The proposition to divide the territory of .1 tt:j c?.i i-i.i mo uuneu ouues, Dy wnicn is nere meant the area embraceu by the geographical boun daries of the whole Confederacy, is intended for military purposes, in order that each dis trict may be commanded by one officer, who would have the general direction of the regu lars and militia within the district; but the plan contemplated that the power of the Pre sident to call out the militia should be restric ted to assembling the militia of each State within its own territorial limits." "With regard to the 17th article, the same difficulty which presented itself to the com mittee, occurred to me when considering this subject, viz: that provision of die Constitution wnicn restricts the power of Congress over the militia to organizin?. arminir. and Hivmlm. ing them, reserving to the States resDectivelv the appointment of officers, and the authority "c luuma accuruing to me discip line prescribed by Congress. Although the word "disciplining" is susceptible of a differ ent interpretation from that fiven it here vt the subsequent reservation to the States of the power to train the mihtia according to the system of discipline adopted by Congress, would seem to define it-s meaning; and as we cannot be too scrupulous in bur interpretation of the Constitution, T propose that, in the event of its becoming necessarv. to draughts in order to fill the ranks of the active class of militia, to apply to the States to place by law their contingents at the disposal of the General Governmept, for a period of not u luirty aays of every year, for the purpose 01 ineir beinir tra nod in VV"JU.WUU 3 I I with the regular trooos. and bv vttM. ft ia nnt nrnhnhls that tkld . Cer. withheld by any State, when tko -j 1 are presented to it 6f posessing a body of w'u nrarani7.Rt. well nrmorl m( j; . .. militia, without any exnense, oittw .1 .r" States or to the citizens therenf. a they are made aware that it is the intention oJ w aiuuiC fcucn militia at' LUUTCuicui injiuta nuuiu Harn i . the vicinity of devois of arms, whirh m fci iff TnA But read the 39th section which sW that it could not be enforced unla ik. i. 1 ui.ui? vmm,w wvbiwu iavfo luereoy SuOTOlttj - wu.u uc carried iMo operoiiuu. T -A 1 . .. xui wuy pursue mis investigation I JJfj yuu uuv aaiuucu luai lur T an JSUreQ is til faithful Democrat in this as in all other mea! sures 1 Did not the committee on K ttr:iv" in the Senate, the chairman of which was ( democrat report against adopting this plan ? Did not a similar committer in k u . " with a democratic chairman also report against me aaopuqn i .nen it is a notorious fcof that the administration is not in favor of th plan, why is it perpetually' rung on your ears! Why are circulars scattered far and wijjj about a " Standing Army" ? as if there really such a Bill I Wrhy is nothing uttered against General Harrison's plan, more odiout more expensive more anti-republican ? Is it not to divert your attention from thegrta principles really involved in the pending con. test 1 Are you to be gulled by log cabin and hard cider, and frightened by the false cry of a " standing army " 1 Can the freemen of Cumberland be thus seduced and frightened from those republican principles so long and so faithfully cherished by their fathers before them 1 Never. The " modern whig " ho thinks so deceives himself. Cumberland u not the soil for federal principles. Her repub lican sons have hitherto won every victory, and if true to themselves, they will be victo rious again in August and November. A REPUBLICAN VOTER, FOR THE NOKTH CAROLINIAN. Mr. Editor: In your last paper you hive two certificates to prove that John B. Kelly, the federal candidate for Elector, in this Dis- tnct, asserted, substantially, that the people are incapable ot sen-government. It is noth ing uncommon, sir, for Modern Whigs to make such assertions. We understand that the federal candidate in Moore and Monta.- mery, for the Senate of North Carolina, has promulgated the same doctrine, WTe do not at all doubt, but if left to himself, General Harrison would out with it too. In '76, such an assertion could only come from a British Tory, and those who make it now are do friends to this Representative Democracy, if it is proper to style it such; they are none other than British Tories, or British Whigs, which is pretty much the same thing. The American Whigs of '76 confidently asserted, that the people were fully capable of self-government; aud the experience of - half a cen tury has proven the assertion true; jet a Modern Whig candidate asserts, near tb middle of the nineteenth century, that the people are incapable of se-gotn mcnt; aud with this assertion hoveriDgou h 1 Ci Vk I in cVl 1ira Art rrri a n M Vila llaort he has the audacity to ask the people to throw him their suffrages, that he may be the better enabled to deprive them of their inestimable rights. But, Mr. British Whig, we tell thee, that the many can and do govern themselves: we tell thee that the many can and do govern better than the few ever have or erer will got era we tell thee also, that wherever govern ment is in fewest hands, there the greatest amount of misery is found. If government is instituted to advance the couiinou weak then, whatever system of government gives the greatest amount of happiness to the greatest number of people, that system is the best, in asmuch as it comes nearest to the fulfitmeci of the end for which it was instituted. Ron, we tell thee further, that the American system gives a greater amount of happiness to a greater number of people, than any other s) teni under the eternal sun, and we defy diet to show otherwise. Go, with the accursed, Ileaven-defyiug principle in your heart, to the lands where it is carried to the utmost ex tent. Go, we say, to the shores of Abyssinia, where the will of one man is omnipotent lift up your besotted eyes, and behold that one disposing of the property of the people as his own, and of the people as his slaves. Behold that people licking the dust at their master's feet, whilst he treads upon their necks; and see, on the shores of the Nile, the multitude payiug divine honors to a river, aud offering hecatombs to their leagued God. These are in part produced by your principle, that the fc should govern the many. But go to a more enlightened clime. Go to that empire which extends from the Pacific to the Baltic, and from the Euxine to the Icy Ocean, and there you will see the enlightened citizen, who nJ have incurred the displeasure of a jealous Czar, deprived of his property by confiscation, torn from the family circle, and hurled into the howling deserts of Siberia, to end a miserable existence amid the frozen regions of that is hospitable clime, perhaps to end his days with in the mines of Nershink. Go now to still more enlightened land, to Britaiu, and there you will see the rights of person and property respected and a much happier people, than you found in the dominions of the Czar. Search out the cause of this melioration: whether the people, like the Armenians w further India, have one ot the most ici"1." countries on the globe, with every man bi house & lands contiguous, & no taxes to pay Should you find the British people so possess ed, you may adduce thereas the cause of more happiness in England than in Russia. i you will not find such a state of things to exist in England. It is far from being the (t,r tile of countries, and more taxes are drawn from the people, than are drawn from W other people under the sun. Where then are you to look for the cause which produces more happiness in England than in many oiae countries more favored by nature To the system of government you ni look, and there you will find government m more hands than any other monarchy on ear . You will find then that the many carry o in ends, for which government is institute