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lion, ftnx ttill more, bow dishonest m the official rf .2XPf the Goyernment to make that assertion A part of its report of the pro ceedings of the llcnate! .,.: We do not doubt .ability in the Intelligen cer to '-..give' correct- reportsbut its disposi tion to do so, when 1 party is to be benefited by a perversioA or suppression of facts. T any doubt this, 1st them read the .letter of Mr JVise iu to-day's Whig against Whig. venave ouen noticed ine stransre maanerm which the remarks of that gentleman were re ported, while discussing the Abolition ques tion, sprung by Mr A'datns, too successfully, upon the House. Nojiooner did he appear coming to a point in rjri argument, or begin to denounce the leaniof P"icl friends towards Abolitionism, fllajfjharo; would be ' so much confusion in the Hall that he could cot be- heard by the reporter, gorrie other. "11 1 I t -'A. equally plausiute reason wny ne ya n re ported at all, or so enisrepreseirtedato de stroy .tfie effect of his manly vindication of the rights of the South. Such tricks afe un ivorlhv any press, particularly such a igni fied, impartial, and consistent one a lhln-j telligencer claims to be. Louisville Kyi) Advertiser. U - Whisgery disgusts I-'eleralissaCiOOcl. Ll From the Fayctteville CbstiVer. Public Opinion. A most intelligent gentleman, well known to Ma to have been a consistent and influential opponent of the Jackscn and Van Bcien dynasty, in writing to us upda Gthcr business, says, " am com pletely disgtcslcd with the doings at IVash t'ngfon." We have no doubt that a similar feeling prevails to a very great extent throughout the country, and possibly, unless the session shod end more propitiously than present ap- ucariiiices liiuicuie, me memoers may ucs taught a lesson on the subject when they re turn to their constituents between this ses sion and the next. If ever Members of Con gress were sent to Washington to do the business of the country, -and to abstain from iutrigues for or against candidates f-r the next Presidency, the members of the present Congress were so sent. large and important variations iu the amount or treasure, ot commercial actouiuiw""- and mf liabilities, without being irnpressea - t , J ... . C Iks l-IIIMM wnn tne magnuuae auu urgew; - which have produced, mem, navwuuUu,a sense of danger from tho insufficient control them, by means of the powor, as wen as iVilance and judgment of the Bank Di- over tne v rectors." The whole article discloses a perfect want of confidence in the paper system, unless some changes can be effected whicir are speculated upon, but which, upon exami nation, it must be seen are mere dreairis of the imagination. Every aay discloses more fully the utter impossibility of sustaining in stitutions founded upon principles opposed to the verv rudiments of mathematical truth, and it is to be hoped that the American people, profiting by the sad experience of a country whose example they bve been so prone to follow, will avail themselves of their present partial disconnection with the paper system, .Uf carry on that disconnection to entire com pletion. ' 0 . N NORTH-CAROLINIAN WM. IX. BAYNE, EDITOR .AND "PUBLISHER. tJF.lYJETTJEm2JLJLEt Saturday Morning, July IT, 1841. FOll THE NORTH CAROLINIAN. The Currency. In a great controversy in which every member of the community is deeply interest ed, and in which common charity requires us to suppose that all are sincere, and are argu ing merely to ascertain' truth, and striving only to establish it, disinterested testimony from any quarter ought to be thankfully re ceived and duly considered. -No subject is at this time more interesting to the American people than the ascertainment of its best cur rency, and no subject has more deeply agitated the public mind, or imparted more fervor to political debate. England has furnished le model of -our system of currency, and it is by her example, chiefly, that we are en couraged to persevere iu its use. , It the tes timony -of her writers iu its favor is received with respect, surely with equal propriety should they be heard upon its defects and disadvan tages. The April number of Blackwood's , Thus They go. The P. Mvat Cheraw sends us the agreeable in formation that "report says" that one of our subscri bes, (Capf. tV D. HAILEY) has pone to Tex as." Texas is nothing to the place he will go to, if he does ntt pay for ijis paper, (3 50.) ' AN APPEAL.' - HOW FEW PURSUE PRINCIPLE!. What brought the democratic party into bing ? Answer. Hamilton's-Funding System, US. Bank and Protective Tariff. Against these measures of the old federal party, and those that immediately succeeded them in the train of federal usurpations upon the Constitution and rights of the peop e and of the States, (the alien and sedi'ion laws,) the old democratic party battled and battled, with the no blest patriotism. The tiiumph of that part', estab lished the Cons!itution and Government firmly in the h arts and confidence of the people, and in the respect, wonder and admiration of the world. What now do we behdd? A portion of that very party who have deserted their standard, or in the confu sion of the battle, not having very clear heads nor bold hearts, have lost their position, and are now found in the rarifcj of their own enemies, fighting under the banner of federalism, in favor of a funded debt of thirty-one millions, a United States Bank of thirty-five millions, and a Protective Tariff, or tax upon the necessari' of lif-, to enrich the already rich manufacturers of the North. Democratic friends! the federal party has deceived you,' by forging slanders against the administration ol Mr Van Buren, and by false promises of rtfJrra. Pro fessing to be republicans, they acquired your confi dence and supportw hereby, they gained a victory Magazine 1 find full of instruction, reflections and facts upou the English paper system, and over your ocn best friends the only true friends of a I wish every American citizen would read Republican Government. Turn your eyes now to it ; from it I think he would learn that so far Washington City ! There you behold the federal from having Utopian perfection ascribed to it party in full power! ! A Webster. Badger, Bell, by many, It IS admitted on all hands to be al- Ewingand Granger ', the rankest brimstone feder was the signal fur the violation of the Constitution, in dismissing Blair & Rives as Printers ot the Sen ate. Neither Constitutions nor contracts, can stay their ruthless violence ; ! In a few weeks, "Presi dent Harrison issues his proclamation to convene Congress on the 3 1st of May, without setting forth one specific reason or State exigency, that should warrant a call, so expensive to the Treasury and inconvenient to the people, and without informing the people what measures he should recommend, or that Congress would be called upon to consider, so that in casting their votes for members, the peo ple might know who to choose to represent them. See that same Congress thus brought into existence, in haste, darkness and Concealment, meeting at the time appointed, and not knowing, except bycorjec- ture, what they should be called upon to consider "ad enact for the good of the country. See Presi dent Tyler's mes?age to this Congress, in which, he, like his predecessor, practices non-committalism, on all the great questions of public interest. All! a'lj is non-committal and concealment, from the time Harrison was nominated until this Congress is con- vened j x. Fale promises, tricks and concealment employed to get Harrison elected, and when elected, surprise and concealment practiced upon the people, in hastily and in the dark, calling a Congress, to carry out i. ? lilt ir vusc puriy avnemes. And what are tWse schemes ? Whv, they eo far beyond the old federal measures of a funded debt; a bank, & taxation, aglftostAvhich the old democrats fought so long and hard they go for buying up the States, by distributing amoW them, the federal re venue derived from the puhli As bold usurpers a3 were the oFV federalists, they were not quite so far hardened in corruption as this ! What do you suppose reader, will become of North Carolina's share of these whig snails ? We'nswer, it w ill be all appropi iatc d ly a whig Legislatifr, to pay rail road debts, and to make good the losses oft whig spectilators in rail road schemes. Who will receive the interest on the Government debt of 31 millions, say aboat 2 millions ? oh the State debts of 200 millions, say about. 12 millions ? Who will receive the largest share of the dividends of profit on the capital of twenty-five millions of the United States Bank 1. We say, it will principally go into the hands of British stockholders, and the wealthy men in our northern cities. How is this immense sum of nearly fifteen millions of interest t be raised annually? Why out of the people. This, then, is the end of federalism, disguise it as you may ! ! Jl public debt, and banks for the rich to' invest their money in taxation to pay interest the people ? to pay the taxes and the rich stockholders to consume them. The REIG N OF TERROR is fait approaching ! ! Federalism is entrenching itself in power, by pio scriptiori and gag-laws to put down tho liberty of speech and of the press rpplenishingits treasury by loans and taxation raising its mercenary army of bank cohort fund -holders and 'toek-jbbers, uniting ia a solid invincible column, the money power with the patronage and pover"bf the Govern ment, to infuse corruption into Congress, through" the press, and intothe elections. When its basti e and fortifications shall be complete its bloody, office-seeking mj'midona ready to take the field, thencomes the issue, l)iic3iJUTJSM UK UEVO- together defective, and the doubt, is, whether it is possible so to amend it, as to render it tolerable. The Magazine oHJlackwood, every one knows is a high tory paper, advocating with a zeal which amounts almost to madness, every thing English that is most repugnant to our Ivepublican notions, and among othei alists, placed in the highest seats of power, as rulers over the people. Webster surrendering up the rights and honor of the country to British insolence; Ewing pi oposing a National Bank, a funded debt and a protective tariff; Bell asking Congress for 2 millions of appropriations more than was asked by hi" . Bri(?(f!pRsnr in fiffirfv nnrt mnr than, the laxt thing?, clasping with the grasp of desrjera- Congress appropriated and deemed necessary for the uou to me paper system, anu naraiy cuiowing a - ice ofthe War DeDarlmcnT . Grander ibe abo - TT t - ,ner1' ue a-cou.-J litionist ecZy turning out democrats from office uuivauie lulus- as lew may nnu ucuuveui. :. ,i. nJ( fut... n . . i ... : . . f 4. li 1 I. ..... 7 1 . 1 I r 0 tm ,Vf it,8d,,w! their place, rank abolitionists ; Badger tolerating in iutiuuny M.u.muvu.. """ office Captain Stockton .cf the Navy, (who rode through the whele State of .New Jersey, last year, making speeches for Harrison, and threatening force against the Government, should Van Buren be re-elect'-d President,) because he," Stockton, belongs to a talented, ar.stocratic and influential family, and meanly dismisses Captain Ramsay of the Navy, from, office, under the charge, that he had election eered for Van "Buren. Webster meanly dismissing " We are disposed to think iu the present instance as in most cases where opposite opinions and doctrines are put ferth, and per tinaciously aJvocated, that theie is at bottom a distinction of. interests, and that the system of convertible paper money is particularly well suited to the interests ot great capitalists i 1 . c .u- I Doctor Alartin from the State Department, and av attended with occasional contractions ot the .... . .. . r ' . . t i tf i .1 . I poimms' nis own son in n:s p'uee ; at tne sirae time cuircncy, ana pauicuiuny in suncu ou mai :, . ' i I c i.4- m 'I tuat he is. issuing his eag circular, promising: free- and to the uniformity of prices." Aniu : ii A striking proof of the. insecurity of the present paper circulation is exhibited in page 328 ofihe ileporls, wherein it appears . Tlie McLEOD case. Hok. S1L.AS WRIGHT, Jr., of N. Y., has po litely furnished us pamphlet copies of his own and Mr BENTON'S speech. i It hasbeeri some time since we have read a speech that has given us more patisfuetion than that of thc eminent and pre-eininent'y consistent politician Thos. H. Benton, on the McLEOD CASE. We beliave the whigs have, in supporting Mr Webster, dwelt much upon " Vat tels Laws of Nations." Well, Mr Buchanan, in his ppecch on the subject, took Vattel and convicted Mr Webster on the very ground which his party takes to sustain him. Mr Benton makes use of the same paragraph, and to satisfy the world that Mr Webster cannot bo sus tained by Vattel, in his position that McLeod can be set at libertycoosistent'y with the honor of the of country, we give the paragraph : . - "If the offended Slate ha.3 in her power the individual who has done the injiiry, she may, without scruple, bring him to justice and punish him.. If he has escaped and re turned o his own country, she ought to apply iohls sovereign to have justice done in 'the case." Mr Benton says : ' " His Government bv assuming liw rr absolve his guilt, nor. defeat oi;r right to try and punish h:m according to law. The assumption of his act only adds to the number of the" culpable, and gives (is an additional offender to deal with, if we cheese. We may proceed a-amsfonn nr hnth - hm to give up the individual when we have him, with out redress from the nation which justifies hfm, is to throw away the advantage whica chanca or for tune has p it into our hands, and to make a viluai, if not actual surrender, of all claim to redress what but he would have been tried, convicted, and sentenced to several years solitary confine ment, and both Jury and Judge, (as we have seen done) would have been extolled in the public prints for their praiseworthy prompti tude in putting so miserable a devil out ofthe way of contaminating public morals by an exhibition of his rags. " Offence's gilded hand shoves by justice," in our own times with as much ease as in the days of the immortal bard. - - ... 'The Mails. During the last Presidential election, we heard tioh;ng but growling and grumbling from the whig prints about tho irregularity ofthe mails ; and their complainings were always wound up with the con soling reflection of " never mind, wait till after the 4th of March." The " 4th of March" came, and is gone, still the grumbling continues. But that was one among the manj' tricks got up oy the whigs to delude those who knew no better. See what one of our cotemporaries thinks of the regularity of the mail now, after four months administration of the was-to-be omnipotent and all-powerful Post Master General. It ia from a Knoxvdle (Tennesse) paper. ( Last week, a gentleman showed us a letter which had been fivs days on the road fromlilain's Cross Roads to this place ltjss than twenty miles, and only one intervening post office. Another gentleman received a letter in sixteen days from Winchester, Va., ria. Nashville I By the last mail, we received a letter from Washington, post-marked the 14th, Washington papers of the 18th, and New York papers ofthe 19th. This ia aibout the usual regularity we have had since Mr Granger commenced his post office reforms. In the wiuter we expect irregularities in the mails : but at this season there is no' excuse.' dom of opinion and denouncing proscription, thous ands upon thousands of democrats turned out of ofce, throughout the country, before, scarcely three moons had roLed over this new administration ; men, who were honest and capable, many cf them old soldiers, who had shed their blood for their coun 1 11 l . - l to ifi ...i iti : that on the 15th 6f October 1839, the notes of ia lue "aro' 10' "uu" eusier VOU4,S thft Bank of Euslaud in circulation were Hamst appropriations to pay tiiem, A4use emiy 17 fitfi l,V7 and that the coin and bullion m ou 'nce was tho exercise ot an independent opinion ; their coffers at. the same time, amounted only - Fi.-.., uut t o AfiC i I 'Ol " I nonesl men snouid be appointed to omce, the most And he goes on to say that the whole pa-I tools and panders of power, a Bela Badger, per circulation, including tngiana, aies auu S.-nll .nrl nn-i 9U9. a nd mat altnOUin.J " c v- c wic c:.u VJ iuc th r-oin and bulliu iu the .private and people, as the reward of services rendered and to be 1- i..,.,l nr-.-tnhlirl it isnoto- rendere3. Committees appointed in the District ot . 1 I tii v : l: . : u- rious that thev relv on the i5ank ordEn2iana rk-'lu"".f fw sccr" " . j . . . 1 f . 1 1 . 1 1 1 1 i upiuiuus 01 me iiieeuaiues jinu laoorerscmpioyeu notes tor meeting tneir engagernems, aua therefore the whole amount of coin and bullion could not have exceeded 4,000,000. Be sides this, these banks held large deppsites at the same time, coustituting a large amount of additional liabilities. Agaiur ' That on the 24th Dec.', 1825, the total amount of coin and bullion iu possession of the Bauk ol Englah was 1,027,000, and tne liabilities of the bank at the same time .vere 32,4 03,000lsff appears that at other ''times the amount of bullion in the bank cof fers, has amouiffedioaiine or ten millions, nnd' upwards, Kiut owing to the varying 'demand of the public, the reduction is some times veryj-apid ; for instance, in January 1S39 the coin and bullion in the Bank Of En gland amounted to 9,048,000, but in October of thelame year, it was diminished down to 2,465,600." Arafn : " Ifappears that the range of liabilities of theBauk of England is lrom 2d,000,000 to 343(30,000 ; of bullion, from 10,000,000 to 1,07,000 ; and who can contemplate these upon the publ c works. Clay in the Senate, acting the part of an imperial dictator, with an obsequious majority, stifling debate, and shutting cut inquiry into the causes of this proscription. Archer, the federal Senator of Virginia, boldly denouncing Jef ferson as a knave and a hypocrite, and Gtn. Jack son as a fool and a tyrant. White, of Kentucky, a tool of Clay's, made Shaker, to do Clay's dirty work in the House of Representatives, by packing federalists and abolitionists,, on all the principa Committees, "and excluding democrats, save one or two. WLise's father-in-law, Sergeant, to supercede Mr Stephenson, as minister to England, to prevent Wise "from bolting out of the whig renks. The representatives ol the people in Congress gagged by a recent rule of the House of Representatives which cuts offal! debate, which destroys the LIB ERTY OF SPEECH and right of free discussion -re Tight invaluable to the people, and formidable to tyrants only. As long and black as is this catalogue of treachery, profligacy end .crim, memory and time will not suflicsus to fill t np, widi all tl.u enor mitres cf en administration, yet scarcely seated in power 1 Remember the first hoar of its dawn Hear t Listen Z ! Read It! Air Buchanan, in his speech m the Senate, on the Fiscal Bank, as reported in the Globe, said, that such was th? state cf opinion in his own State, re specting a bank, that at a recent election for a mem ber of Congress, even the whig candidate declared himself IN FAVOR of the INDEPENDENT TREASURY, and AGAINST a Bank ! ! ! Mr Clay says a verdict of the ;.eople for a Bank has been rendered ! Henry Clay is not the only Judas in this country." Notice to Mariners. " The Government of Peru has issued a decree prohibiting any foreign vessels from touching at any ot the minor ports or coves of the Republic. Con ttscatien is the penalty. The Spanish. Fly Business. The Baltimore Sun says, that the jury have re fused to find a bill against the young man who gave Spanish flies to a young lady in a fig, and of whom we have spoken before. We select the following remarks from the .Ledger as very appropriate and very applica ble to the case of Mr Biddle, and the exer tions making in this city to screen him from trial : The Difference The case of Morti mer B. Tappan, who was bound over to an swer to the charge of giving a young woman a figvcontaining cantharides at Cambridge, Mass., some short time since, was investi gated by the Grand Jury for Middlesex county, and no bill found, the offender beipg too respectable in the estimation ofthe grand inquest to be brought as a criminal before a court, when his offence was only an attempt to seduce a poor girl. Had trre rascal stolen a ham to keep hirn from starving, there would not only have been a biil tonnd against him The Gag-Law. V 11c wiHjjj mrjority in Congress nave passed a law prohibiting a'nejich over one hour in length. This is done professedly 'with the view to facilitate busi ness, but really with thenUention of cutting ofF all discussion feo discussionWwhich is the very foundation of ci-"CTovernment, on ihe-ell important measures intended to be matured by the'pwsent party in power. This spi: it is not confined to the hot lidded House of Representatives, but has even reared its monstrous head in the grave and dcl.ber a'ive Senate. "Without saying any more, our.-tlves, on this subject, we give some remarks of the Balti more Sun, a neutral paper, wliioh may have more weight than ours. - Senatorial Liberality. The Right of Steecii. To a person knowing nothing about our national legislature,save that it is the Parliament of a people living under a Repub lican form of government, it would seem to be a work of supererogation to chronicle an act of Senatorial liberality." W hy is it, that it be comes necessary to d,o so? Are we not a free people, entitled to the right of speech pos sessing it as one ofthe rights whichvwe, could not possibly alienate" ? We cannot part with this right our Creator endowed us with the (acuity, and the liberty to uso it, fof purposes which wo can neither postpone nor set aside j and yet those are to be found amongst us who, while forced to admit the theory, deny it iu practice. And why ? The question seems unnecessary, but it is not so in fact. Certain Senatorial makers of long speeches, in time past, even on unimportant subjects speeches that arc of record as evidence of de livery these and the former advocates of such speeches, seem to have very suddenly fallen in love with no speeches at all. They do not want to either speak themselves, nor listen to the speeches of others,. 1 hey desire the passage of important measures, but they wnl . not condescend to explain either them or the reasons for them ; neither are they willing to hear the reasons for opposition on the part of any of their peers." I u fact, it cannot be concealed that there is a despotism in Con gress to make a practical denial of the right of speech a right which we know has often been abused, an abuse wo have often severely cen sured without regard to person or party ; and this ciicumstaiico auDcars to us to be our war- l a rant for whatever of censure may seem to us to be deserved .by the sudden converts from interminable harangues about either nothing or every thing, as the case might be, to almost utter silence, when representative speech has become important to the country. . We can- not see in tne disposition to make action go be fore deliberation, anything short of tyranny; nor in those who manifest such a disposition can wo discover any character, save that which may come under the detihitiou of a tyrant. In th8 Senate, the other day, according to the report of one of the large " papers, Mr Mangum is represented as speaking of " time already wasted in profitless discussion " on a certain - question of -the very greatest impor tance, to tne country, and as making a motion which, if successful, would nullify for that time the right of speech. Ou being appealed to, he refused to withdraw the motion, unless on a condition which would shut up all mouths, save that ofthe appellant or appealing mem ber ; when Mr Preston liberally interfered, and shewed that in him at least politics had not crucified generosity. should be appealed to the Court of Errors, Ltne cuaie onaie,j as we nave understood it vuld be, in the event of a decisiou like the present by the Supreme Court of New York ; and, should the Court of Errors affirm the present decision, that then the case would be carried up to the Supreme Court ofthe United States. - It must be understood that the only ques tion before the Supreme Court was, whether the prisoner should, or should not, be dis charged without trial. They decidedthat he ought npt to be so discharged. - The decision was delivered at Ujica on Monday foreuoon, and was brought "by ex press, to Albany by Mr Lacy, of the Albany Daily Advertiser office, who left Utica in an extra locomotive soon after 12 o'clock, M., and arrived at Albany in season for the 7 o' clock boat for this "city. JburnaJ of Com merce. T WEN TTEVEN THC0NGRESS7 FIRST SESSION. .A- Mr Graham. The sDeech was not made before the Whig State Convention on the 5th of October,1840. Mr Calhoun. ' It will show for itself. It appears to have been made on the 3d of March, 1S40. M lVest Point Academy. The late report of the Board of visiters to this School, statt that the whole number of persons at tached to the establishment is one thousand. The Board have recommended the introduction of .logic, as a branch ot study at the academy. Decision iu the . Case cf M'Lieoa. The Prisoner not Discharged. An Extra liom the office of the N. York American contaius the opinion of the Su preme Court of this State, silting at Utica, in the matter of Alexander McLeod, who claim ed to be discharged frorn custody, on the ground that the offence with which he is charged, was a public act, performed in obe dience to orders from officers appointed by the British government, and that the -act had since been adopted by that government, as its own act, . The court have decided against the dis charge of the prisoner without a trial. The Opinion of the .- Court wag delivered by Jus tice Cowen. J The effect of thisdeeision will be, to cause the prisoner to be tried ou the indictment, by a jury, uoless the case in its present form . SENATE. ' Wednesday, July 7, 1841. It was announced in the Senate this morning that Mr Hassler lias comphtt d the last series of the standard weights that have been so long in hand. Mr Buchanan's resolution calling fcr the names ofthe proscribf d, was taken up and MrLinn, said he would not inflict a speech of his own upon the Sen ate, but he would read some extracts from spei dies at various times, of the Honorable Henry Clay, portraying the odiousness of proscribing men for opinion's sake, in stronger and more appropriate language than any he could offer ; which he did until the expiration of the morning hour, after which the Fiscal Bank Bill was taken up. Mr Buchanan opposed the bill. At the close of Mr B's. remarks, Mr Clay made a most singular remark, or rath, r admission: He said " we are perfectly willing to let Senators have the argument, if they wi'l let us have the bank," admitting, as it would seem, that the opponents of the bill had the argument, but in spite of reason, he was determined to have the bnnk. The mot on to strike out the District of Columbia as the place ot its beaiumWjuyiegatived. , rTniTncn.v iTHte Q IQll lr mi ' n u no ISA 1 , II U'J V ICTtla Air Linn occupied the morning hout"w giving the whigs a setting down, about their pioscTion ; after which the Fiscal Bank Bill came up. Mr Walker of Misp., pioposed an amendment directing the cashier of every office of discount and deposits, to transmit to each House of Congress, on Itt January, a list of the notes discounted, bills of exchange bought and sold," && He considered the want of this check a principal cause ofthe downfall of the old Bank. Mr King entirely agreed with the sentiments of Mr Walker. Mr Clay opposed it. He thought there were already restrictions enouglr of the kind, besides, such a list of names would fi 1 20 volumes ; no-body would '00k at th m. Mr Benton was for tire amendment. He said thrtt the bnnk repoit of 1332, showed that w hile honest industrious men were debarred from the benefits of Bank Joans brokers, politicians, &c," were largely accommodat ed. The amendment was Iot. Mr Walker then offered a amendment hr.t any ten or more stockholders should have the rffht to exair.ine into the accounts of private individuals. Mr Buchanan hoped the friends of the biil would aree to this am ndmyit. Mr Clay, "NO, fclR., I WILL NOT CONSENT TO IT." It was car ried by a majority of one. - Another amendment was then passd, that where any one director opposed the diFcounting cf a note, the yeas and nays should be taken. Friday, July 9r 1841. The Fiscal Bank bill again undr discussion. Mr Alhen offered an amendment calculated to riv publicity to the discounting movements of tie has k which, sifter much debate was rejected. The Great Question Settled. SHALL THE BANKS GRANT ACCOM MODATIONS TO "MEMBERS OF CON GRESS. The following is the vote : f NAY S Messrs. Alleu, Benton, Buchan an, Calhoun, Clay of Alabama, Cuthbert, Ful ton, llendeison, King, Linn, McRobeits, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Prentiss, Sevier, milh' ot Connecticut, Sturgeon, Walker, Williams,- Woodbury,. Wright, and Young 23. YEAS Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard, Berrien, Choate, Clay of Kentucky, Claytou, .Dixon, Evans, Huntington, Ker, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Porter, Sim mons, Smith of Indiana, Southard, Talluiadge, White, and Woodbridge 22. Saturday, July 10, 1S41. -The Fiscal Bank is still undet the hammer. Mr Woodbury opposed its having a cupita4 of 30,0CO, 000, and moved to strike out the clause authorizing it, and supported hia motion in a speech of some length. Many amendments were offered, but rej ct ed. Monday, July 12, 1841. The " Fiscality" we find suff-rins Tom M-r Wright this morning. He is lor striking out the subscription of the Government o the stock. Mr Clay seemed terribly put out at this new move, and appeared so vexed that he lacked but little of say ing that the debate was purposely intended to delay the bill. Mr Calhoun rrpliid to'liim, '-and showed that Mr Clay and his party had takea all the first part ofthe session to frame the bill, and then eight days in discusingramendments, and now that 1 he democrats had had but four days ta'k upon it, they were as much as told that 1h3 bill must be voted through. Mr UaHioun asked Mr Clay to declare his purpose ; If he intended to gag the Senate, as the House had been. Mr Clay's answer was titn tamount to an avowal of such & determination. Mr Linn said he "raeanttodo bin duty and he would not be wanting in any thing that became a man when the attempt was made to choke down the rights of the country, in stifling the freedom cf de bate." vMr Buchanan, in ihe course of his speech, allud ed to Judge Badger's famous speech made at a meet ing m Granville, (and of which a whole room full, we understand, as kept in Raleigh and distributed tor weeks) when the following conversation ensued j Mr Graham said the speech was not made before the Whig convention, but at a pubiie meeting in that State. Mr Buchanan. Then the gentleman ad mits that the speech was made. Where it was made is of little consequence. Mr Calhoun. I have the speech of Mr Badger in my hand, and shall read the follow ing extract from it: "Next it is said that General Harrwon fa yors a Bank of the United States. The cha rge is false.' His opinions, on the contrary, are against a Bank." Mr Graham. At a meeting of the'citizeps of Granville. v-. 1 Mr Calhoun assented to this, and said that a hundred thousand copies of the speech had ueen printea ana circitiaieu. Tliis sliowsr wllat wliigcvy is I Tuesday, Jnly .13, 1841. The Bank Bill still under consideration. Mr Walker, of Miss., rrposed that the directors should be fleeted one-hall by each branch of Con gress, and that two directors should be chosen on each vote, to member being allowed to vot for but one candidate. This is a new and, the Globe eays, a most excellent plan. No new amendments were passed. - HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Wednesday, July 7, 1841.4 Mr Pickens ished to know whrn the biil to re peal the Independent Treasury would be reported On and in what shape ? Mr St reapt said, m'the judnv nt or the committee, the time to make that report had not yetairived. Tho resolution of Mr Warren, confining the speech of any member to one hour, was taken up and passed without the slightest difficulty. The House then went into crnimittte of th w -.olf. The bill to provide for the lunatics in the Dis trict of Columbia was debated at considerable Ijngth. Mr Fillmore, the Chairman of the Coin jnitteetf Ways and Means, then succ eded in get ting up the bill for the loan of St2,0(,O,0K0. Mr FiJl.-nor" said the bi'l authorise President Jo burrow $LI 2,000,000, at an intm-st n t to t-xeced 5 p r cent., rein.bnr-ahle at the end o: 8 yctrs. Mr Gordon opposed the bill as inexpedient, uniuc s sary, and cxtiavagan. Thursday, July, S, 1S4L Mr Wood of New York, attempted to nt. odnco a joint resolution' to adj urn 011 the 5Cth insf., but failed. Air Pickeir?, of S. C. spoke at some length on tlia loan bill, in Committee of the Whole. The follow ing is an extract from MrP's. remarks : The House was now presented in a remark able attitude before the country. Only two j days since, a bill had been passed, which took three millions of dollars from the-regular rev enue, and tneu unniediatelyalteJwarddXame he naked proposition r borrow tteeive niil- of dars!!SQkrgentlemen suppose the tax-paying portion ofjthe people j would not inquire Jnta4he'rnatter Tw-Uuu they would not ask why they distributed the ' revenue of the country wi'h one hand, and w(th the other laid an additional tax upon the people ? JSuch a proposition never had been presented to a deliberate assembly. Mr S.. recant fo lowed Mr Pickens, and tried to overturn his argumenls. Mr Sorjiettnt quo'od the following as the remaiks of a stranger, on editor of an English review : The commercial interests of Tcxa., nnd the anlipalhy to the Northern portion of the Uniied Slates, which she inherits from her kindred cf her Southern States, will always tend to unite her with Great Britain." This, continued Mr S. is tho speculation of a man lately connected with the British Ministry in one ofthe colonies of her empire. And wiiat is the foundation ofthe vh!o ? It is the antipathy of the South to this Union an Antipathy which they carry iuto Texas, and which will operate to secure the trade f Bir mingham and Manchester against the job bing in Congress between the manufacturers of New England and the sugar planters of 'Louisiana. Mr Riietf followed Mr Serjeant. He sh'hI he did not. and never had feared -a dissolut on of the U inn ; it was too d ep'y foniv' I in the iutercst and ailec tijiis of the pcox le, &c. Friday, July 9, 1S41. . Mr Brown of Tennessee, a ain trave'h d ov r tho okl worn out, track-beaten ground of the McLeod case. lie censured Mr Webster much, atnl appear ed much excited as he ttfnuijibJ to vj.-w the incident and circumstances of British eut are. line aic a few extracts : When is it that individuals, by the law. of nations, are exempted from municipal liabili ty in such cases ? It is oaly wheu the act done washy the command of the sovereign. Of course that command must precede tho act, nnd must clearly and satisfactorily cover it. Sir, Vattel nor Grotius nor any other writer on the laws of nations, any where, lays down the doctriuo that subsequent approval, without previous command, would excuse tli individual jc6miiiitti;jg the. crime. 'Such a doctrine would perish' by its own absurdity. It iff true that a subsequiut approval may also involve the nation, and, in the language of the books, make it a matter of public con cern" as it was before the avowal, only one of individual concern. This, however, only adds another party to the coutruversy 'without' releasing the lirst. Hence it is said by Vat tel, " if the offended State has in her power the individual who nas done the injury, ho may, without scruple, bring him to justice and punish him." But, sir, I repeat that nothing short -of a previous order to do the specific act complain ed of, given by competent authority, can savo McLeod in the courts , of New York. No subsequent approval of it by the British Gov ernment can do it. McLeod will find it so on his trial and the AmericanvSecretary of State should have told the British Govern -men so, and should have demanded the pro duction ofthe original order or a copy of it, so as to see precisely its extent aud opera tion. And here is my highest objection to the conduct of our Secretary of State. Ho never had the fearlessness to say to England " show me your order to this man or his lead er ; show me that its date its very vords, that my Government may see whether these crimes are yours or his. If yours, the courts of New York, in due season, will send him home unharmed and uninjured, whilst I will hold you instantly responsible for his con duct." Sir, Mr Fox saw at once that his threat had told the British Ministry sawhe same thing tho British Parliament saw it and they are all now waiting in full assurance that tho heroes of Acre will have no opportunity to increase their laurels on the coast of Ameri ca. ! t But, sir, they may be mistaken after all. 1 I