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. " - - - - " " " ' 1,1 " "" Kaagaaaa 1, g i mm '11 i i. i , , ,- - CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS; AND THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMOx4nOPERTV OF ITS CITIZENS." .. - - "HOLMES & .BATZlZr ) - " ' ' ' "'.:, ' ML rgP5 . I STEAM I , ' Political. KML OSBB Featlier Renovator. Do Do T E K 31 S OF THE NORTH CAROLINIAN. Per annum, if paid in advance, 2 50 11 paid at the end of G months, 3 00 if paid at the end of the year, 3 50 Rates ef Advertising: Sixty cents per square, for the first, and thiry cents . for each subsequent insertion. - A liberal deduction will be made to advertisers by the year. . Court advertisements and Sheriff's sales, will be charged 25 per cut. higher than the usual rates. All advertisements sent for publication should have the number of insertions intended, marked upon them, otherwise they will be inserted until forbid, and charged accordingly. No paper discontinued until arrearages are paid, except ut the option of the Editor. No subscription received for less than twelve months. fCZrLetter? on busings connected with this estab-" Mshment, must be addressed IIoi.mks & Batse, Editors of the North-Carolinian, and in all cases pest-paid. iCU Subscribers wi-sliinqj to make ren.ittanc s by mail, will remember lhat they can do so free of postage, as Postmasters'" ar; authorized by law to frank letters enclosing remittances, if written by themselves, or the contents known to them. lrices of Jul) Work : HAND BILI..S, printed on a medium, roj'a!, r super royal sheet, for 30 cop'cs, !?2 50 P.,r 5i) coi'ii s, 3 00 A id for c( ry a hlilion:.! 100 co;:es, 00 1IOMSE EiLLS, on a s!i::tt from 12 to IS inches square, 3n fcpii s, 3 00 v Over I S inc hes;, and not exceeding 30, 5 00 VAHD., large xi-c, sin J ? puck, 3 00 A.nJ for every mlditio pa' k, 1 25 Sin.iller sizes in proportion. lLiANKS, when printed to order, f r 1 quire. 2 00 00 75 TICKETS, and ;!I kinds of BOOK &. JOB IMIWWING. xccutZd lioap-for CASE1. -.,.. And fr very adUiiynuI quire, uni r 5 Exceediug 5 qilres, C I R C UL A'rt . I N V I T ;tF10N B Kept THE FOLLOWING LANES! constantly on hand ipe Supr.Ct. AM) FOR SALE AT THE CHECKS, on Bunk of the State, and I'ear Bank. PJIOSECU I'lON BONDS, il A II R 1 A G E LIC i lNSES VEXDI EXt'O., constables levy CO-MAJISSIONS to tuketleporfitions in equi ty, and Supr. court AP1JE Vlt A:CE BONDS W1UT8, Superior and Co. Ct. OA. SA. Supr. Ct. INDICTMENTS for Aflray, and Assault and Battcrv. Co. and Sup. Ct. CERTIFICATES, Clk. Co. Ct. JURY TICKETS ORDERS to overseers of Roads BASTARD V BONDS 'PAX RECEIPTS "WITNESS TICKETS EJECT-HEX TS I'ATROL NOTICES LETTERS (,f ADMINISTRATION Bonds Dec lis, common, Sheriff'?: Deeds, ConslnLIes Cn. S:i. Bonds, Io Delivery do Appeal Bonds, Kquity SuhpoMias, Superior Court Fi. Fa. County Court Sri. Fa, to re- vjve pid'xntent. County Court Subp.anas, Superior Court W:nTf nts, IJoikIs for CoPrd. A prentices. NEW GOODS. 0 S ubscr i her lias recei ved h i s Fal 1 and Wi n --H ter supply o" Goods, embracing a general as sortment oi" fc Shoes and Boots, Mats and Caps, Hard Ware aim Cutlery, Crockery and Glass Were. Wines and Liquors, Groceries of all kinds, Patent Medicines a'nts and Dye Stuffs, Hatters materials, &c. &c. 1 lie Stock 1S very heavy, .Merchants are invited ft call and examine for themselves. South Carolina money u ilT be taken at par if paid n ten tin Goods are boitglit, G. B. ATKINS, Oct. 2G 1839. 35tf. Foot Hay-Mount LAFAYETTE HOTEL. lVayettcville, North Carolina. THIS ESTABLISHMENT will be open after the 1st of August, under the management ana direction otthe Subscriber. The House has .been thoroughly repaired, and will, in a few clays, be well furnished; and every effort will be made to render it worthy of patronage. EDWARD YARBROUGII. .In gust 3, 1S39. 23-tf IrCP'The Augusta Chronicle (weekly,) Raleigh Register and Standard, Wilmington Advertiser, Greensborough Patriot, Salisbury 'Watchman, and Cheraw Gazelle will insert the above, three months and forward their accounts to the subscriber. E. SALKS Of Va.lna.ble Lands. Y Virtue of a Deed of the Court of Equity held for the Count y of Cumberland at Spring Term will expose lor sale at the Court House in Elizabethtown, Bladen county, on the first Monday in August next, all tne interest ol otphen liol lingsvvorth, dee'd., in the Alill and Lands lying and being in ihe Counties of Sampson, Bladen, and Cum berland, and known as the Mallet Mills. The sev eral trai ts of land attached to the Alills, are suppos ed to contain fifteen thousand acres. The lands are well timbered and the Mill situate on a never fail ing Stream (viz. Black River) and affords a good opportunity for those who are disposed to embark in such busijiess. The interest of said Hollingsworth is one-third of the tame. j A credit ofsix and twelve months will be iriven the purchaser, on giving Bond with approved Se curit', for the amount of the purchase money. AKCil'D A. 1'. SMITH, 1841,1 WE would respectfully inform the Citizens of this place that we have a Stiam Feather Renovator now in operation here, and are prepared to accommodate all persons who may w ant their beds steamed. - IdP Price for Renovating ; two do'Iars for beds that weigh not more than 4u lbs., and 5 cts. a pound for all over 40. Any person bringing more than one bid can have thm Renovated for 1 75 apiece. Fayetteville, July, 1S4I. The work is done rtirely by the operation of Steam, no fite coming near the. Feathers, and no possibility of scorching or otherwise injuring them. By this operation all Moths are destroyed and re moved, without loss or waste of Feathers. On the contrary the bulk is very much increased (often as much as one-half) nothing being removed but small particles of dust, &c, They are also cleansed and purified from all disagreeable smell that often attends Feathers, to the destruction of health, and are entirely cleansed and dried, and have the ap pearance and essential qualities of new Feathers. We would invite all who prefer sleeping on pure and soft beds, to try the Steam Feather Renovator. All person's are invited to call and 3eo the machine in operation and be convinced of its utility. This operation of Feather Renovating is universally approved or wnerever it lias been introduced. Persons can, by sending their beds early in tlf a.nd whlch was ready to condemn anj&instltu June IGlh, SH. Clerk andAlaster. 121-Wis A NEW SCHOOL. X Monday the 5th of October, the siih.-riibei will open in this town, a school for boys, where the various branches of English and Classical studies will be taught. The charge for Tuition will be Sr'l" 25, per term, fnr all engaged in Classi cal studies and the higher branc hes of English, or Sll per annum. For i-ho ordinary branches cf En -irlish studies the charge will be $-3 25 per term, Tuition i i all cases to be paid in advance, and no s-tudont received fur less than a term. The year will commence on the 5th of October, and close carlv in August, with no intervening vacation ex cept an occasional recess of a few days. No deduc tion will he made for absence unless by special agreement. Having taken a commodious house, the subscriber will accommodate a number of board ers at .JO per annum, including lod:inir, room, tucl and lights. SIMEON COLTON. Fayetteville, August 13, I S 10. 7G-tf Fayetteville Observer ami Wilmington Ad Acrtiser will please copy four weeks. 31 I I, S T O X K s . nnilE Subscriber iVaving recently opened a new M -111.1 rrv nf superior frrit. is prepared to furnish ,-,.. ihprrrStniies. either r.t the ouarrv or at the l.m of C. J. Orrell. Fa vettcviile. The quality ol .1... ir.,..!-. I'unniv S:ifi!ics is ph well known as not to need description, and the Subscriber will war- all stones sold by him. If tlicy sliouiu 1101 1m o-,,i!. another miir will he tuinisncu rr.i . ..: - 1 .11 l.- without charge, x ne puce ia u mn nw. '"lwcnms u-ishino- to niiri'liasp, can apply in per 1 .1, - ...l,lr..i.il ii C:i rl h:i ct--. .Ifiinrf? nr iciiii uuuni-.-i , v. - N C with description 01 me size wanira. J ESSE SOWELL. Moore County, April 20, 1r30. S tf. oco 1 a nt l.rovc to son, county, Loco v 1 1 Ti r f fU T f AT s -a 1 4 9 m i e H e MATCHES. 1 4 (JltOSS, HOL.MF.S' Improved Fric. Mat. dies, i. A:.p!v ;o an! - 'I'piy 1 I i .iv. to s t received, and h' .1 1 1. a supcuor article, ;iihi JAMES MARTINE the above kept c-n hand, and a "a 1 n . Valuable Property THE SUBSCRIBER, contemplating a removal to Ihe south-west, offers for sale, at his residence, on the 10th of August, next, his valuable Plantation, lying op both Fides of Puppy Creek, about 14 miles west of Fayetteville, containing SyU r.crrs. ALSO, a plantation about one mile distant frum the above, near Big Roekfim, an t adjoining the land r cently o ncd by W in. Carman, containing 400 acres. ALSO, 200 acres of uncultivated Land, in the im mediate neighborhood. IdJOn .the said creek are one or two good sites for mills, and ail the above land is well timbered. Persons disposed to purchase are invited to call and examine the premises beforehand, as the sub scriber flatters himself that tin ir value may be more lustlv cstimued in tins war man uv a description. TERMS: one-halt to be paid on tlie 1st day 01 November, next, and a credit of two years will be given for the other ha'f, the purchaser giving botrd with anproved security. ON THE' SAME DAY, his Stock of all kinds, consisting of Cattle, Sheep, and linns, Rc.,&c. ARCHIBALD COLUUHOUN. July 17, 1311 125-2t morning, fret them the same day, and ready for im- iiii-uiLiLb uoi-j u o me i caiucia die uOUIJMCtcTy urieu before putting them back in the tipfcf"' It might be supposed by spinethat the good ef feet of the operation wouldbfe only temporary, but this supposition is whoHyground'lesj, for the rea son thut whentheJFeatheis are thoroughly cleans ed from a.ID spurious and obnoxious matte.-, it is certainly reasonable to suppose that thev will re- f main In their enlivened and improved state. .The principle has been iq operation now for aboul two years at the North, where it has met with entire ap probation, and is now spreading through the South ern States with applause and success. Persons disposed to try the Renovator, may send us a bed, of any description they have, from the best and newest, to the oldest and poorest, provided they are either Goose or Duck feathers, and unless per fect satisfaction is given, no charge will be made. IV here any person has as many as four or five beds dune, they can, if they wish, receive a surplus of Feathers sufficient for an extra bed, so greatly is the quantity increased by the operation ! THE PROPRIETORS. J. & J. KYLE HAVE just received by the last arrivals from the North, a large and DRY GOODS. Jlmong tcJtich are 1S78 Pieces Calico; 150 Pieces l't in ted Lawn; Ginghams; Plain Muslins ; Bishop Lawns ; Irish Linen ; Lawns 5c Diapers ; Linen Cambric ll'kfs. 3-4 to6-4 ; Brown and Bleached Domestics ; Black and Colored Silks: Bombazines: Linen Drilling ; Rawan Cassimere : Kentucky Jeans ; Blue, Black and Colored Cloths, and Cassimeres ; Sattinets ; Carpets, Ingrain and Cotton ; with many other ar ticles, all ol which were purchased by the package at the late auction sales, and will be ottered very cheap for cash, or on time to punctual customers. Also. On hand, Anker Boltfng Cloths, at about one half the former price, June 25, 1841. 122-tt Blank Warrants, State and Civil, with and without judgments, just printed and for sale at the Carolinian Office, where all kinds of Blanks arc kept for sale. Will our riends give us a ci!l ? PIANO FORTES. AGOOD Assortment of Piano Fortes may con stantly be found for sale at the Female Semi nary. Enquire of the PRINCIPALS of the SEM INARY, or of Coi.. K. T.tJAWLEY. FaycitevillejNov. 30 1839. 40 tf. Walk- linir at Remarks of Mr Benton, In Senate, Thursday July 3. On Mr er's motion'to ameud the bill, by addiof at the end of the seventeenth fundamental rule as follows : " That the cashier of every office if dis count or deposite shall, on the first Jlonday ot January in each year, transmit tpithe pre siding officer f each House of Clongress a list of all notes discounted, and op all bills of exchange bought and sold by those offices, together with the names of aji drawers and endorsers of said notes, and-of all bills of ex change, wilh the drawersjfndorsers, and ac ceptors. " f Mr BENTON wasfriendly to the amend ment, or rather toHe object of the amend: ment ; for, .whilenrriing at a good object, he did not thinkJfwent far enough. He was in favor of publicity in bank proceedings, as well as inDther cases, and had no doubt that this publicity would be eventually attained. It wa3 in harmony witbfthe spirit of ihe age, wrrifh demanded light, and abhorred darkness, IS 10 ?0-ti 0UNTA1N BUTTER. 4 Firkins (assorted.) Soir.e ci v surifnor. at 01 ices new 5 to 25 cents )cr pound for sale by ,,v.:l, IS 10. t GEO. McNElLL. OR JS"KAT iVORK.LWD CHEAP. JAMES SUNDY, Trimmer and Harness Maker. E 9 EGS leave to inform the public, that he is pre JLPparcd to do all kinds of CARRIAGE TRIM MING and HARNESS MAKING, in short time; and on the most reasonable terms for those who may favor him with a call. lie has now on hand and fjr sale at reduced price?; J Ueirant Brass and Silver-mounted Carriage Harness, Gig and Sulkey ditto, ditto, Buggy ditto, ditto, Japan Gig and Carry-all ditto, Ivory-mounted Trotting Whips, Gig and Wagon Whips, Wagon Bridles and Collars, Hiding Whips and Spurs, Saddle Bags, Bridles and Martingales, Coach Lace and Morocco, Knobs and Tacks. fJ Gig and ISarouehc Top. and second hand carriages, .'ve., Repaired 0:1 the most reasona ble terms, and at short no-tice. Orders thankfully received and prompt'y attended to. All work done by me repai red without charge if it fail by tail uyjiie in a reasonable length of time. Fayetteville, April -27, 1541. 114-lf FISH fZ. BARRELS CUT HERRING. 15 llarrels Whole Herring. l0 Half Barrels Shad. Being expected by the Henrietta Line. For sale bv GEO. McNEILL. Mav 28, 1841. HS-tf NEW GOODS. W. McINT YRE Jias now received a good assort ment of goods boukt at the Norih, out of the latest arrivals, and since the recent decline in the price of GOODS. Superior Cloths ; Blue, Black. Green, and Invisible Green. Pantaloon StufTs ; Summer Cloths ; Game beroon ; Erminnets; Linen Drillin ; Vest ings ; Common, Plain and Printed ; Shilas ; Printed Lains ; Jaconets. Calicoes; Ginghams; Ribbons; Fancy Handkerchiefs and Gloves; Irish Liunens ; Manchester Shirtings; and Family Long Cloths; Linnen Diapers ; Palm Leaf Hats ; Hoods; Florence Braid and Straw Bonnets ; Umbrellas and Parrasols ; Wool and Fur Hats ; Boots and Shoes ; Crockery Ware and Glass Ware. Those who wish to purchase goods, are respect fully invited to call, where they will find as many articles, as they can expect to find in a ttorc. April 21, 1811. 113-3rno NOTICE. " TAKEN up and committed to the Jail ol Cumberland cour tv, on 21st. insl., a nc?ro man, who says his name is MORIUS and fa v? he belongs to JOHN 1 1. PEA RSON,of Newberry District, S. C, and that he runaway from the residence of Andrew Wallace, of Columbia, S. C. Said ne-rro had on when taken up, a pair of black ribbed cas simere pantaloons, a snufT colored sattinet dress coat : he is supposed to be about 19 or 20 vears of age, brown, or copper-colored, large teeth, ric feet three inches hih- The owner is requested to come forward, prove property, pay charges, and take him awav, or he will be dealt witlr; according to law. W. L. CALLI AS, Jailor. Fayetteville, N. C. July 24th 1841. 120-tf LIME. GO Feb. Casks Thomastown Lime, for sale, geo. McNeill. 12, 1S41. 103-lf NOTICE. A COMPLETE and thorough re-organization of XiLthe Patrol Sstem cl the town of Fayetteville is ordered bv the Magistrate of Police and Commis sioners of the Town. To effect Urn desired object, it is necessary that every person subject to do Patrol duty be enrolled, and a strict periormance cf duty enforced. Therefore, this is to notify all persons that I shall proceed to make out such Roil and di vide it into Companies of six. (As many Compa nies have been formed under the old arrangement, I feel unwilling to disturb them, and will eonsequent lv affard persons composing them an "opportunity of continuing the same, if they will leave a list with mc.) It is necessary that Companies be ordeted out for Night duty andSunday duty, and this arrange ment will go into operation on the first dav cf July, 1811. R. COCEIRAN, Jr., Director Patrol. June, 20, 1841. J23-3t tion, or any proceedings which required secre cy for lheir protection. The loans and dis counts of banks ought to be public ; not only those granted, jt those refused. Mr Benton said that banks were public in stitutions he meant banks of circulation ' and should have a public course of action. Every bank wnfch possessed the privilege of issuing paper money for a currency, was in possession of a publit and sovereign privilege, the exercise of which I concerned the public welfare, and gave every citizen a right to know how that privilege was exercised. The bank of circulation gave out its own notes in exchange for the notes of individuals ; and if these were insolvent, the notes put out had no basis to rest on, and the public were cheated. The private property of the stockholders was not bound for the debts of the institution ; and thus, where the borrower was insolvent, the notes ltyit to him, and .put into circulation, were so many frauds upon the community. Publicity of loans and discounts would detect this fraud, and save the community from im position and loss. Again: by obtaining a charter, with the valuable privilege which it confers the Drivilesre of usurv the exemntiorof indivvl- 1 readv actually brought lial llatoUIiyfor corpoiT5tcAJcbta-fie-pTtvt win of fabricating money out of lampblack and rags a monopoly of these privileges, and many others the Bank comes under an ob ligation to the public to conduct itself fairly in making its loans and discounts, and especial ly to favor the producing classes, and the small dealers in preference to speculators and great capitalists. This obligation was constantly violated by banks ; and at present there was no remedy for it. Publish the discounts, and tho refusals to discount publish the loans made, and the loans refused and a remedy would be presented. The unjust and partial banks would be detected, and would fall under public censure and legislative rebuke. Loans were often made profusely, to raise the price of property, produce, or stocks ; and then rigorously refused, and curtailments or dered, to sink the price of property. In these seasons of high prices, the directors and the initiated sell ; in the season of low prices they purchase. They know when they are going to make money plenty, and when scarce ; and thus have an advantage over the rest of the community. Publicity would detect this kna very, and put the public out of danger from these contractions and expansions. Often a small loan is refused to a worthy man to enable him to prosecute some meri torious undertaking, or to save his property from sacrifice ; and at the same time a large loan is made to a broker at 6 per cent., per annum, who lends a little of it to the distress ed man, as a great favor, at three per cent., a month ; or it is lent to a speculator to go and purchase the poor man's properly for a trifle, at sheriff's sale. Here, again, publicity is the remedy. The bank would become infa mous, which should be caught at such work. Loans made between neighbor and neigh bor are public they are known to all ihe neighbors and often made a matter of re cord ; in the case of a mortgage, they are al ways recorded. All the debts between man and man are public, and ought to be so, for the security of ihe public ; that people may see whether a man is already in debt ; and how far he is entitled to further credit. This is the case between man and man ; why should it not be so ia relation to bank debts 'I Mr Benton was very positive in his belief that the mass of the crimes, frauds, and ini quities which disgraced our banking system, and presented such a frightful picture of de moralization, arose from ihe SECRECY of bank proceedings, and that the main remedy for these enormities was PUBLICITY. lie believed that this great truth was gaining co-Pay the Printer ground, and would soon become universal, and would be applied to all banks. He was ceitaiu it ought to be so applied. With how much more reason, then, bhould this principle apply to this bank, which ii to be a national institution, wholly .intended to accomplish na tional objects, and built up, chiefly on public money ! This made a distinction between this bank and other banks, and gave new and powerful reasons for the publicity of its pro ceedings. Let us see, said Mr Benton, how this bank is to be built up ; let us see where the bulk cf the money is to come from which is to go into it, and that will give us cloar views of what its conduct and management should be, and of our rights over it. Its capi tal is thus made up : First, the United States at e to subscribe ten millions out of thirty, and tes ten are to be borrowed to be put intqthe bank, at live per centum interest ; and. these ten millions, aud the annual interest upon it for the twenty years the loan is to rup, are lo be a debt upon the people of the United States. These ten millions, with five per centum in terest for twenty years, is twenty millions of dollars. Secondly, upon the increase of ths capital to fifty millions, the United States are to subscribe the one-third of the increase, which is six and two-thirds millions more ; and this again is to be borrowed at 5 per centum per annum, which in twenty years will make the interest equal to the capita), and the two amount to thirteen millions and a thii d. Thirdly, if the amount of the capital (whichTs two-thirds of the whole) which is to sbe sub scribed by individuals or corporations, shall not be taken in three months after the books are opened, then the - United States are to subscribe for the part so not taken, la the ex tent of the one-third of the deficiency. Now the amount left to be subscribed for by indi viduals and corporations, is two-thirds "of the whole, that is to say, twenty millions of the first thirty, and thirteen and one-third millions of the increased twenty, making in the, whole thirty-three and ong-third millions to be sub scribed for by individuals. To the extent of one-third of this sum, being eleven millions of dollars, the United States may become, and probably will become, tha subscriber ; and that again is to be borrowed at-5 per centum. Thus tho United States is to become, or may become, owners of about' twenty-seven mil lions of dollars ; and that to bear interest for twenty years, which doubles its amount. This is to be the subscription of the United States to the Capital of the bank,-a largrrsum, but by no means the whole. Ihe Secretary ot the Treasury proposes to retain four millions us a reserved fund, to bo always on hand, and which, of course, will be a deposite to that amount for twenty years, without interest, with the bank. This would be four millions more, and the interest another four. Anoth er large infusiou of public money is to go in to it. All the deposites are to go there ; and we already see that the fi iendsof the Bank are determined that these deposites shall be some thing worth hav ing ! Loans, taxes, and large appropriations, are to come into play to swell these" depositos ! This is to be the play ; and, already, wo see it began. A loan bill is al- 111 to borrow twelve the vaults of the Bank. Another bill is al ready actually brought in to lecommence the tariff by levying twenty per cent., upon near seventy millions of imports now free of duty. This would raise fourteen millions, to go straight into the bank,. Another bill is brought in to appropriate about three and a half mil lions to fortifications (while the land revenue to that amount is to be presented as a douceur to the States) and this three and a half mil lions would go straight into the bank, to lie there a year or two befote it should be used up. This is sufficient to show how the-bank will be built up that it will be composed al most entirely of public money that the mass of the loans and discounts will be made out of (his public money ; and now is it wrong and ! unreasonable that the public should know to whom these vast masses of public money shall be lent ? We hold that it is every way right and reasonablo that the public should know how these public moneys shall be disposed of in loans ; and, therefore, we go for publicity. Mr Benton exemplified the evils of secrecy in bank transactions by referring to the United States Bank, when it was a national institu tion. He knew it was tho fashion now lo deliver up the Bank to execration for its con duct since it got a charter from Pennsylva nia, and to claim for it a pure aud virtuous character before that time. Ho knew this was the fashion now ; but he knew also that ih is was a great and flagrant mistake that, in point of fact, there is not n single enormi ty of which the Pennsylvania institution was guilty, leaving out the single one of the cotton speculations!, which was not perpetrated by the old Bank under its national charter, and which was not defended and supported by the whole Federal party in Congress and out of Congress. lie would not go into this com parison at present, but he would take one point, that of the enormous loans to Thomas Biddle, and which were shown by Mr Clay ton's committee of 1832, to have exceeded three millions in less than two years, while the business community of Philadelphia weie refused small sums during the same time. Mr Benton then read from Mr Clayton's report a list of loans to Thomas Biddle & Co. as follows : S220,COO at 1,123,000 730,000 730,000 720,000 640,000 400,000 480,000 1S30 Sep. 17, Oct. 15, Nov. 16, Dec. 14, 1S31 Jan. 14, Feb. 15, March 15, April 15, May 17, June 14, July 15, Aug. 16, Sept. 16, Oct. 14, Nov. 14, - Dec. 16, Jan. 17, Feb. 17, per cent. do do do do do do 443,133 4 1-2 a 5 per cent. do 557,968 504,912 at 5 per cent. 579,009 do 683,000 at 6 percent. 698,000 at 5 a 6 per cent. 698,627 do do 6S9.125 do do 652,3S8 do do 458,323 at 5 per cent.- These loans are exclusive of the discounts on bills of exchange to the same parlies during the same time, and which amounted to ubout two millions of dollars. - During the same timo, continued Mr B. .resident citizens of Philadelphia were refused small sums for their current business. The Volume 3.tfmnbcr 127. same report show thu fact. The report show this question put to the President of the Baak; The aggregate amount of good notes offered for discount and rejected by the board, drawn nod endorsed fey residents of Phfladejphii,n the rpllowiag days respectively : Gth August 16th December, 1831; 2d January, : 10th Februarjf2d nud 14 March, 1832 i 24th . September and 15th October, J832 f, "Ajod to this question, it was answered, that on Jbe 24th September, 1630, the sum of $6,312" wrdwefused to such applicants; on the 9th Air0t, 1 S3 1, the sum of $$,848; on D ctfiber 16th, $32,181 ; on January 3d, 1832, 200,623 ; February 10th, SN32,35S ; Marc 2, $164,631 ; and March 13, 8148,255. Here, (said Mr B.) a most enormous, and iniquitous abuse was committed.' k broker, and a relation of the president of the.Bank, got loans for millions, uud for years, at 41 b and 6 per ceutnm ; at the same time, doz ens and hundreds of citizens, anplyinc for small sums, the nggregate of the whole of which was ouly a fragment of a single loan to this cormorant, were refused I The persons o refused were iu all probability driven to borrow what they needed from the some Thos. Biddie and Co., at two or three per cent., a month ; and then the public would be enter tained with a story that the money market w9 tight ;" and that lightness would be attributed to some act of the Government. This has been done (said Mr B.) bv a Na tional Bank, nd maybe done by another. Let us then provide against it by providing tor a publication of the loans and discounts maJe and refused. Mr Benton illustrated the progress of the publicity principle by referring to what had taken place iu this very chamber. He said that the Senate, for many years after the com mencement of this Government, sat always with closed doors sat under lock and key on legislative and judicial business as well as on executive with their doors closed. The journals show repeated votings for many years before thi3 secrecy could be arrested, and too doors of the Senate opened to the public eye. Mr B. read several of these motions, one of which was made iu the year 1793, and was in these words : Resolved, That the conducting of the leg islative fnd judicial powers of the Senate in public, nnd suffering an account of their mea sures aud deliberations to be published in the newspapers, is tne Desi n. etuis' of 'diffusing general information concerning the principles, motives, and conduct of individual members and that, by withholding this information, re sponsibility becomes unavailing, tho influence of their constituents over one brauch of tho Legislature in a great measure, annihilated, and the best security which experience has devised against the abuse of power and a mal-admiuistrution abandoned." Who cau believe, at this day, said Mr B. that this resolution was rejected by three to one by 21 votes against 7 ? Yet such wee" the fact. The resolution was rejected again, and again, and again ; and the doors of tho Seiu.te were not opened to the public untjl tho Democracy became triumphant in Mr Jefferson's time. This was formerly the cou ditioii of the Senate chamber ; now H is open to every visitor galleries provided for them : Reporters admitted and not merely admit ted, but comfortable seats and desks prepared ' for them. Whnt is now thought of tho secret proceeding of the Senate in former times 1 I see astonishment in every face ; and so it will be in a few years with respect to bank secrecy. The people of tho United States are at school at the Bank school learning rapidly ; iu three, years they will graduate, and will scorn the dogmas of Bank arcana, and, above all, will scorn the secrecy in which Bank proceedings are wrapped up. . The Democracy ouened tho doors of this Senate Chamber, and they will open the doors of the Bank pailor. To the Democracy these crowds now in our galleries, and thee Re porters in their logographe, owthe privilege of witnessing aud reporting our proceednijirf ; to the snmo Democracy wo will hereafter bo indebted for an inside view of lhat laboratory of crime, misery, public f-hame, and national demoralization the Bank puilor! From die G!o' e. New Minister to El gland. "Mr Wehet- r' I. B id is ee. n i t Mr EvccU'g ap pointment. Wefcivo eonie denbts win ifi-r, in some impo t-irit questions nff ctinr 1 1 1 - VoitJi, fie will b found the l,et appointment tor iLc Suutli." Rich mond liqtrrer. Mr Ritchie is right. Mr Everett's appoint ment is the very worst for the South. This is Mr Webster's second great blunder. Mr Everett, who is'an ex-Unitarian parson, what tho French call tn prttre dejroqut, (an un frocked priest,) was for some time a member of the House of Representative, and, for his pretensions, a-verjrMisignificant one. He there evinced no faculties ot statesmanship. lie bad, however, one merit Ho acted in variably with the South on the Abolition ques tion. He proved himself devoted to the rights and interests of ths whole Union Bm alas for ihe frailty of human nature! v. bn opposed by Judge Morton, in the- Jer ti: for Governor of Massachusetts, jhf: rr.i ,i.;y recanted his former sentiment?, and. in f. publiihed letter, declared himself HQbm i.jfi out Abolitionist, 'o one believed that he was a sincere convert, but all regarded Hhi 5le stijle change as one of aelfish ccuruhition.- was defeated, nevertheless, bv p vote. He experienced the def pf; t of all h' man mortifications ; the consciousness of having disgraced himself i:i vain. We submit- thprpfrp llmt TvT r v,. i ff it ih.-, .-.. man to bo s-ent to the court of St. James