Tjia conservatives, as they call themselves,
haveLisow obtained pdhlical power, both in
Enghiooand America and jn both by the
same means bribery a4 deception. ,
Aristoc'racv never works without deceit.
rarely without corruption. The very name of
conservative, now taken by in aristocratic
party nveach country, invo'vesMu it an un
truth. "IVfce conservative, in theHrue sense
of the term n favor of keeping things
s they are."I$ut your soi-dislant conserva
tives, as soon As they acquire power, show
inai uiey are only lavorable lo Keepiugiuc
aristocratic portions of the constitution auu
laws unchanged. As io the democratic tea
tures, they are the greatest radicals always
for altering them aud for render them more
If they w ere truly conservative in this coun
try, they would retain the Sjfe--Treasury, they
would keep us clear of a MttionaiBank, and
also of a JYational debt. Mv'sad of doing
this, they drive the car of ifcifSHoa.wJth the
utmost fury; they cannot endurej that they
shall be detained a little, by the ordinary exer
cise of the freedom of debate, and " though
they are always foremost to applaud ajristo
cratic veto, yet if a democratic veto staftdj in
their wav. thev are ready to 20 into convtil-
j ' '
charter at this extra session is insisted upon.
The npnnl of th United States have deman
ded if. savs Mr Clay. The President, in his
message, denies this ; bik Mr Preston's peo
pie expressly reject the Ba
WM. H. BAYNE,
nniTOR AND PUBLISHE1
Saturday Morning, August V1841.
A State7onvention of the Mechanics of New
York, is To be held on the 1st September next, at
Albany, for the purpose of stating to the Legisla
ture, the grievances tinder which they are laboring,
from the effects of the system of Penitentiary labor
in that State. We shall watch for the proceedings
of the Convention, and inform our mechanic read
ers of their movements. They will YecolIect that at
The "Oxford Mercury."
This i the title of a sprightly sheet, just "got up"
rwrr,i 3i-.invilli rnnntir N n ui;tilir!. H.
, 1 1 VAIVI U f M j , - . ) wu. "J
rviley ; W. E. Wright, proprieTor. Here is our SCF
gentlemen, ana we era --- tins opportunity 10
wish you, personally, God speed, in your arduous
undertaking; fjr he mutt be Wily (Wiley) indeed,
who iucceeds in travelling the thorny path of an
editorJ without" getting severely pricked. But as
David Grocket would tell you, as you are right
(Wrisht) to ahead !
ntir n 1 1 vt etontinn for mornhfirs of Assembly, it IS
sions at the unheard of audacity of the mat, I Penitentiary or no Penitentiary. "
who, by virtue Ot his constitutional autaoiliyyjechanics should bear in mind that it weareja
Iu short, let aristocracy be watched in
every age and country, and you will find two
rules generally applicable to it: 1. When it
assumes a name, that name is really just the
opposite of that which would give a true char
acter: 2. When it asks for power, on the
ground that it will support particular princi
ples, you may expect that it will go for the
At the whig head quarters In this city, the
flag was kept constantly flying, with the words
"No National Debt;" and now the very
first legislative act of the party, after their tri
umph, is to establish a national debt !
A silly effort is making to show that Mr
Jefferson had faltered against the Bank of the
U. S. But Mr Rives has cleared his skirts
from that imputation, by producing Mr Jeffer
son's Letter to Mr Eppes in 1813. Since
Mr Rives's demonstrative argument, the Na
tional Intelligencer brought up the following
bill, as conclusive on the subject of Mr Jef
fersou's having shivered in the wind on the
unconstitutionality of a United States Bank:
AN ACT supplementary to the act entitled
t An act to incorporate the subscribers to the
Bank of the U. States."
1. Be it enacted, -c, That the Presi
dent and Directors of the Bank of the United
Slates shall be, and they are hereby author
ized lo establish offices of discount and de
posite in any pari of the territories or depen
dencies of ihe United Slates, in the manner
and on the terms prescribed by the act, to
which this is a supplement.
Approved, March 23, 1804.
Ail the Whig presses and orators are join
ing in chorus with the National Intelligencer.
We have an answer at hand, from the lips of
their own leader:
From Mr Clay's Speech against the U. S. Bank in
Gentlemen contend that the construction
which they give to the Constitution has been
acquiesced 111 by all parties and under all ad
ministrations; and they rely particularly on
an act which passed in 1804, for extending
a branch to New Orleans, &c. With regard
to the first law (the one just mentioned,) pas
sed no doubt upon the recommendation of the
Treasury Department, I would remark, that it
was the extension of a branch to a territorv
over which Congress possesses the power of
legislation almost uncontrolled and wheje,
without any constitutional impediment, char
ters of incorporation maybe granted." t
At nil events, the law in questiou refers to
the Territories but not a word as to the
have a1 Penitentiary, it must' ejiher be supported by
Ihe State, or a system of labor must, be introduced,
by which it can contribute to its own support. This
latter we shall oppose to the last. We say, rather
than bring the honest mechanic to want, by putting
the labor bl the convict in competition with his,
we'll have no Penitentiary. This system has been
fastened on the mechanics of the North, and it has
ground them until necessity has aroused them to
raise their voice in their defence, and DEMAND
an alteration of the system.
Mechanics of North Carolina ! the time is com
ing when, if ye are men if ye are that free inde
pendent i high spirited set of men which ye ought
to be you must assert your rights, and see that a
system be not fastened upon you, which will bring
your wives and little ones to WANT, by bringing
CONVICT labor iato market lo under-mine you.
IrCJSce to it. V;;;,;" ,
Foreign News by the Great Western.
News to the 14th ult., was received at New York
on the 2Dth ult. .
The only news from England, of consequence, is,
that the party called the tories, have succeeded in
electing a majority to the House of Commons, of
something like 50, and that Sir llobeit Feel will be
made Prime M inister.
There arpeared to be a slight improvement in the
sale of cotton.
It is said Lord Montcashcl will be sent to Cana
da, in place of Lord Sydenham," the present Governor.
The elections, especially in Ireland, are said to be
attended with 'great excitement and violent rows.
Money flowed like water from the pockets of the
candidates, and some votes were purchased at the
enormous priceof fifty guineas for a single vote.
ICP'The Pcnnsylvanian thinks that Mr Clay's
compromise with Mr Tyler upon the Bank Bill, is
like the white man's uiththe Indian, when, after
hunting all day, the only game was an owl and a
turkey ; the white man said to the Indian : " you
take the owl, and I'll take the .turkey, or I'll take
the turkey and yot take the owl.' The Indian
staring, said, "wbyyou have not said turkey to me
once." It is also on the principle ot "heads I win,
tails you lose." Great compromise that.
The Phoenix & Budget "
Is the title of a Monthly.JMagazine, published in
Baltimore, Maryland, by Jones, Sherwood, &Co
Some of the articles, particularly the ' Straggles of
Early Genius," are very excellent, and should go
far to correct the crying ev.l of making apprentices
mind the baby ; go after the cow sweep the house,
and split wood. - . P '
This is no way to treat apprentices, and some
measures should be taken to reform the practice.
We are glad to see subjects of this nature taken up
by periodicals. v ; '
The Phcenix and Budget appears to be taking its
stand among the best of works of the sort. . There
is, however, room for improvement. The price is
only SI 50, which will hirdly pay for the paper.
CJTEAaLi of all kinds, imported from China,
or other places, Bast of the Cape of Good Hope, are
now brought in fide of duty ; but all teas coming
from this side of the Cape of Good Hope, pay a duty
of 10 cents on every poftnd.
BROWN SUGAR, wich now pays a duty ot
2 cents on the pound, will byythe Tariff, be laised
to 20 centsV6n every dollars' worth.- Where a man
can now 2ct 10. lbs. for a dollar .He wdl then set
but S lbs.
f CJWe learn that a briKml outrage has been
committed on a lady in Moore County, Myr a blabk
fellow by the nam: of Tom, belonging to-'Dann
McDairmid, Esq. Scouts of men are out after him,
but we have not heard whether he has been taken
or not. It seems that he told other negroes that
there were three other women he meant to serve the
same way, and that there were several men he in
tended to kill. The excitement is so great, that it
is thought that the first party that catchrs him will
say that he could conceive many cases where a man
should receive full pay and pension too. This
is strange doctrine, that we shall pay a man a regu
lar salary, during time of peace, only in the expec
tation of the contingency that he should have to risk
bis life, and then in time of war pay, him another
salary for actually risking it ! '
The District Bank Bill was taken up, and debated
Friday, July 30, 1S41.
The Bill to incorporate the District Bank was
taken up. Mr Wright opposed the Bill. He said
there was no distress in the District ; there were
more new buildings and improvements going on
than he recollected at any one season, and yet there
had not been a bank in the District for the last year.
He said that the petition sent in to the Senate pur
porting to be from the people, were the very direc
tors and stockholders of these Banks !
The Bill was debated at length, by the democrats
against, and the whigs in favor of it, and engrossed,
30 to 14.
The1ill providing for a Home Squadron was ta
ken up and ordered to a third reading. The Senate
adjourned till Alonday.
Monday, Aug. 2, 1841.
Considerable debate took place in the Senate to
day, on the memorial and resolutions of a large
meeting in Virginia, opposing a National Bank,
after which the Senate was occupied in discussing
a proposition making a large appropriation for for
tifying the seacoast, but nothing concurree!in.
ECpBy document No. 35, transmitted to the
House of Representatives, TJ. S., it is ascertained
that the sum of $19,499 9t has been expended in
carrying into effect the Sub-Treasury plan.
Our Navy Yard.
" The Chanre,f has reached us in full
bloom. Between fotty and fifty Ship Carpen
ters were discharged from public employment
on Saturday night, besides laborers and others
It would seem that there exists a deterrmua-
tion on the part of the eoou skin administra
tion, to break up this mcst important Naval
Station entirely, or at least to cripple its use
fulness completely. Else why discharge the
workiugmen from employment, when such
enormous appropriations have already been
made for a Home Squadron, and for the Navy
generally hat is to be done with the
money I What has become of the large ap
1- c .,
proprtauons maue ouiy a iow montns ago
by the last Congress ? lias this economtcoi
and reforming; administration already squan
dered it away, or is it wanted at northern yards
to buy up votes for Heury llay fUld JJo
f Whig Meeting in New York.
Most of the whig papers are publishing accounts
of a pretended large meeting in New York, in favor
of a National Bank. Now the fact is, that meeting
was a failure, as is attested by many papers, among
which we presume the Journal of Commerce will be
taken as unexceptionable evidence, and . it char
acterizes it as a small meeting, for New York. We
had the extract but it has been mislaid.
Now for the other side of the story : There was
a great meeting a mass meeting, of the Democrats,
against a Bank, and a determination expressed to
repeal the charter, should it be established. " How
plain a tale will put down " these whigs !
From the Globe
The Vote on the final passage of the fiscal
Sank of the United States In the Senate!
The vote stood, for the bill 26-gainst it
23. Mr Cuthbett, who had voted against tne
C3The National Intelligencer, in imitation of
its patron saintsays that it'nxed in its mind upon
the 1 0th ot September, as about the time which
Congress would adjourn, and that they will not get
off before that, although some of the members fix
upon the middle or latter part of August.
On the 3d of July, wa published the marriage of
Mr Jno.- Ray to Miss Elvina Gillis, daughter of
Malcom Gillis." The scoundrel, (who must have
bee n a wliig) that sent the notice, wrote it " M. M
V- B. Gillis." As we are not acquainted with the.
names of, the people in the adjoining counties, we
never thought but what it was all right, until a few
days ago Malcom Gillis called upon us for the name
of the person who sent the not ice. There being no
name sent with it, there could behone given; but we
s ould notonly have been glad to have given thename
but to have htlpedMr Gillis to apply the cow skin
to J he shoulders of the scoundrel who will thus tri-
fla with'tcspcclable names. Such matters wilt ad
ui iiojune, ana we nave halt a mind to in
sert no more marriages withmit iva Lnnw whpre
they come from. Mr Gillis is a democrat, and ihe
third reading of the bill, on yeas and nays, on fellow who sent the notion h.r. ';wf
w - it l I . - ' r-, .......
the day.uetore, was taken suddenly Uttweu on tnan brains in his bead, put the initials for Malcom
the next morning in the Senate, and was ab- Martin Van Buren. Although Mr Van Burrn's
ngeu tu me oenaie neioro recoruiug uw 1 name i iiuiiourame 10 any body, every man likes to
nay upon 11, on me nnal vote. be callea by his own name
We mention this to how that the bill was
actually carried by the vote of a member vio
lating not only his solemn faith vowed against
a U. States lJardt efore he was elected to the
Senate and violating not only the resolves
of his State Legislature against it at the last
sessiou butflhe almost unanimous will of
the people fee State of South Carolina.
Mr Preslda's vote against the bill would
have defeated the bill, making it a tie, 25 to
25. IjfMr Clayton had voted, there would
have open 26 against the bill.
So kit Clay, in giving his Bank to the peo
ple ofthe United States, (who, according to
him, aire by an immense majority in favor of
it,) Mves it by the vote of a Senator who no
toriously- aud undeniably votes against the
iend, Mr Preston, on a small scale, violates
principle on which the passage of the
Wednesday; July 2S, 1341.
The Bill to carry into effect the treaty with Mex
ico, was taken up and passed.
The Bill for making appropriations for fortifica
tions, ordnarce, etc., was taken up and debated,
and postponed until Saturday. The Bank Bill was
then taken up. Mr Benton moved its postpone
ment till next Session, and supported it in a speech
of some length. The tnotion was debated, but was
lost. .After which the question was taken ; and
the bill passed. May it never do any more harm
than the poor, repealed Sub-Treasury dono.
Thursday, July, 29, 1S41.
The Navy Pension Bill was taken up. The de
bate turned upon striking out the 2d section. This
Pension fund was a large amount of prize money
which had accrued during the revolutionary war,
and which was kept in reserve as a fund from which
officers and soldiers who had been disabled in their
country's defence, and the widows of those who had
fallen were to be pensioned ; but it was not intend
ed that officers and soldiers new in the service, and
receiving full pay, should have the benefit of if. It
was only those, who had, from disability or other
cause left the service, that it was to benefit ; but by
a law made in 1837, all who have received even a
flight wound in battle, and all the widows of those
who have died in the service, whether from wounds
in battle in the wars of Venus, or from intemper
ance, hao come in for a pension under this law of
1837. Commodores in the Navy, who have only a
small Ecar on the hand, call for, and receive their
pension, amounting to sometimes 3300 a year ; be
sides receiving their full pay of $3,000 and $3,500
per annum. This is a shameful abuse. We are of
opinion, however, that this was not the intention of
the law, but that it was too loosely worded, and
lawyers and judges have decided that such is its
purport. The democratic party w ere at fault in al
lowing the law to be passed. Mr Linn, of the Sen
ate acknowledges his error, and wishes to correct It,
but the whigs are against correcting it. It seems
that they wish to perpetuate this evil. This 2d sec
tion spoken of above, prohibits this latter class from
cominzin for a pension.
We will give a few 01 the words ot the men them
selves, and then give the votet that the country may
see who votes to squander money, when it is said
there is none to pay honest debts.
Mr WOODBURYT said the second section,
if he understood it, had this object in view :
according to the present construction of the
Navy pension bill, officers on retired pay, or
in service with full pay, may receive full pen
sions also : but this section was to prevent
that, and make such regulations as that any
officer drawing pay from the Treasury, shall
not draw more from the pension fund, if enti
tled to draw any, than, added to what he re
ceives from the Treasury, shall amount lo the
full pay he would have according to his grade
in the service. He was opposed to striking
out this limitation and thought the ambiguity
of the section could be remedied by a suitable
Mr MANGUM said he thought there was
no necessity for the second section now ; the
whole system wanted revision, and that could
be accomplished at the next regular session of
Congress. Ibe first section, being the mere
r-l "t 1 1 I 1 - 1 . .
X t r Juiy, is ai naiiu, uaviug oeen delayed unavoid
ably, in its publication. This number is full of ex
cellent matter ; the " Knights of the Golden Horse appropriation, was all tha was required to be
Shoe" becomes intensely interesting, and the "Tales
of the Packolette " are true pictures of life.
We much regret to see that the editor is forced to
make an appeal.to the justice of his subscribers, for
the little sums due him. It is certainly a very
strange state of affairs! People, who take such
works, are generally those who would hardly miss
five dollars out of their pockets, and yet they will
take a man's book, and read it 12 months, and pro
bably then get angry because he asks them to pay
for it !
General MeKay'will please accept our thanks for
his attention in forwarding us impoitant public do
cuments. " - '
passed at the present session.
The question was then taken on striking out the
2d section, and decided in the negative as follows .-
YEAS Messrs Barrow, Berrien, Choate,
Clay of Kentucky, Evans, Graham, Hunting
ton, Ker, JVlansum, Miller, Merrick. More-
nead, rnelp3, Jforter, Smith of Tndi.m Smith.
ard, Talhnadge, White, and Woodbridge 19.
JNAIS. Messrs Allen, Bayard, Benton,
Buchanan, Calhoun, Clay of Alabama. Ciav-
ton, Cuthbert, Fulton, Kins, Linn. Mouton.
Nicholson, Pierce, Prentiss, Sevier, Smith of
Connecticut, Xappan, Walker, Williams
Woodbury, Wright, and Young 23.
Mr Mangum of this State even gees so far as to
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tuesday, July 27, 1S41.
Mr Holmes of S. Carolina, answered a speech of
Mr Adams, in a classical and .be lutiful manner.
He asked him if John Adams did not defy the whole
government of Great Britain, and if it became his
son to chaffer ftbout numbers when liberty was the
cry ? He told Mr Adams it. seemed as il he wish
ed before he went to his grave, to have the fame of
torn down what his lather built up. The
ppecchwaiMathe Tariff Bill.
(Mr Gilmur nextook the floor, and scattered hot
shot among the whigSf'teHe said,
He thought he was aiWhigJefbre he came
here, but he bejran to doubt it nowslle sta-
ted what the Whig principles were.
proscription for opinion's sake," was one o
their greatest principles one that rang loud
er and deeper through the land than any oth
er ; but how had it been carried out 1 He
hoped that the Whig party here now would
not proscribe a W hig President for opinion's
sake; that would be ridiculous indeed. He
said the Whig party was formed in 1833, but
the President was of an older date. He had
fought the good fight he had kept the faith
and finished his work and now he was found
fault with by the party, because he would not
turn Turk or 3Iahomedan after he was elec
He said the Constitution was an abstrac
tion in the minds of some people. "Hones
ty was the best policy," was an abstraction in
the opinion of the highway robber, who went
lor the lines of, the old song
" The good o'd rule, the simple plan,
That he should take who hath the power,
And he should keep who can."
He said the ten commandments were abstrac
tions to thieves, robbers, and infidels. He
said lur naisieu 01 iew Jersey stated on
yesterday that had the Whig party iu Mr
Adams's time been continued in power, the
expenditures would 'have been less. He,
Mr Gilmer, thought the whig party was form
ed in 1S33 ; but, if the gentleman was right,
and the Whig party existed in 1S28, he must
" In Adam's fall,
"We fiiintd all."
He said Mr Adams, in 1833, was willing to
buckle himself on to a broad sword, and fight
under Gen. Jackson for a tariff, which was
settled by the compromise. Now the gentle
man would throw the land to the States, and
the compromise to the dogs.
He said the Whigs had made a new party,
and if they wished to cut asunder, he was con
tent. ,He stood upon the Constitution. He
should carry out the principles that he and the
W:higs professed before the people ; and if he
was to die of abstractions, that was a matter
for himself and his constituents.
Wednesday, July2S, 1841.
The House adopted a resolution taking the reve
nue bill out of Commi'tec of the Whole, on Friday
the. 30th. The debate continuf d on the revenue bill
for some time, and then the SENATE'S -BANK
Bill was introduced by the Secretary of the Senate.
Mr Wise said he hoped it would be considered as
early as practicable, and the Mouse soon adjourned.
Thursday, July 29, 1S41.
Mr Levy, of Florida, introduced a'bill authorizing
the President to receive volunteers for the suppres
sion of Indian hostilities in Florida, which was re
ferred to the Committee on Military Affairs : and
also a bill to protect the people of Florida and Geor
gia against Indian banditti.
The revenue bill was taken up. Mr Saltonstall
of Massachusetts opposed the bill. Mr In;ersoll of
Pennsylvania, expressed himself in fivorof a "judi
cious Tariff." He said we have never been free
from warlike troubles, either with foreign powers,
or the Indians, and he ventured to prophecy that
$20,000,000 would, not carry us through, and that it
would have to be raised from a judicious tariff He
said he could not for his life understand the " luxu
ry" of tea and coffee, or the idea of "temporary ac
tion" on the subject of a tariff. It sounded to Jiim
like " temporary death."
Mr Pickens next occupied the floor : The bill
was to be taken out of committee to-morrow, and
its friends had occupied the floor until within an
hour. He said it had been intimated that the man
ufacturers did not want a high tariff, if they could
exclude auction sales; shouldataxon auction sales be
proposed, Mr P. would go heart and hand for that.
He was utterly opposed to the auction system.
At these auctions in the northern cities, are ex
posed all c!oth3, &c, which may be called the over
plus of the English markets which become glutted,
and straight the goods are exported to the United
States and sold at auction.
Friday, July 30, 1841.
The revenue bill was on the carpet again to-day.
Mr Wise opposed the bill. Mr Adams in correct
ing a misstatement of Mr Wise, said : , He con
sidered the mass of appropriations under Mr Van
Buren's administration was necessary, and that there
was no extravagance.
An amendment to exempt from duty, TEA.
COFFEE, molasses, sugar, and SALT was rejected
by a vote of 1 12 to 57, but almonds which are a lux- !
ury, was exempted.
A great many amendments were offered, and re.
jected. Motions to lay the bill on the table ; to
limit its action to 1843, &c, were lost. The bill
was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading. ,
Saturday, July 31, 1841. ;
The Bill further to extend the time for issuing
Military Land Warrants to officers and soldiers of
the revolutionary army was passed.
The Bankrupt Bill was read a first and second
time, committed to the Committee of the Whole and
ordered to be print d.
The Revenue Bill was then taken up on its final
Mr Proffit, a whig from Indiana, took the floor,
and said that this bill had been hurried to its pas
sage w ith hot and indecent haste ; that this was a
species of Mexican legislation that was not to be
Mr Stanley replied to Mr Proffit, charging him
with using unbecoming and disrespectful language
to ttye House, because he, a young member, should
talk to older ones about " hot and indecent haste !!!"
He concluded by calling the previous question
Messrs Proffit, Wise and Alford appealed to him
to withdraw it. He declined, and the question was
taken on the Bill.
The people of North Carolina, who have to pay a
high tax on their tea, and coffee, and many other
necessari s of life, the next time they purchase, will
look to the following gentlemen for the cause : E.
Dtberry, Graham, Rencher, Shepperd, Stanley,
Williams and Washington. The Democratic Rep
resentatives voted against the Bill.
Air Wise moved to alter the name of the Bill, so
as to make it read, " a bill to violate the compromise
act of 1833." He said, " every head should suit its
body." He thought this humbuggery of titles should
cease and call things by their riht name.
Monday, Aug. 2, 1841.
The Senate Bank Bill was taken up. Mr Ser-
grant talked his hour. Mr McLellan followed
him. Judge Saunders followed Mr McLel'an.
He said the Dank question was not settled in his
State by the Presidential election. That the only
question r. lore nis constituents was tne Hooe case,
and Mr Van iiuren's gold spoons.
Tuesday, Alio;. 3, 1841.
The Bank EflSpraa 3TssectTT Committee of the
MlCPLet it be remembered that WinHSL Wash
ington from the 4th District of North CaroTrnjsEiid
" it was enough for him that the Bank hud beene-
coinmended by Alex. Hamilton 1
l tie I3i It was debated without action till adjourn
n CL.tinr nr ChalvBfiafe water, and.
01 ciuici a wuihu J . -7
as there are many invalids who have tried
neither and are therefore uncertain wmco
u1d be most beneficial to them, mis vicim-.
ty would of all others suit thero -best as a sum-
.rtor rtrr.Ilt- l rifRSent. We nave umtu oitW-
"TiJirv. ' 1 ' . . -t i
rd but Jtmost agreeable society aeuca pmce,
jTjrii u .:..i;nrr Vlvftri lh--'
ana ine gooa ieeiiug ouuswHUj,,
trroprieiors 01 me " KV. & .
intercourse between the visiters a sourceof
much pleasure. Do telljrout folks to come
It won't cost nTuch, jand if they hav'nt the mo
ney, why jest let 'era push the credit system a -leetle
farther, and the increase of health, with
which they will return to their nomes ana
their business, Will soon enable them to pay
off all old scores and take a fresh start.
Yours, &c. VIATOR.
The editor of the Cincinnati Chronicle has .
been examining the six returns of the census,
taken at intervals of ten years each since the
adoption of the constitution. The invest iga-.-
lions snow some curious iacts.
1. The population of the United States in
crease exactly 34 per cent, each ten years,
and which doubles every twenty-four years.
The law is so uniform and permanent, that
when applied to the population of 1790, and
brought down to the present time, it produces
nearly the very result as shown by the census
of 1S40. And thus 'we may tell with great
accuracy what will be the census of 185U.
It will be nearly twenty-three millions.
2. But though this is the aggregate result,
it is by no means true of each particular part
of the country, for New England increases
at the rate of 13 per cent, each fen years,
while the Noith Western States increase 100
per cent, in that period.
3. The slave population increased at 30
per cent., but since at less than 25 per cent.
The free population have, however, increased
at tne rate ol do per cent. At this rate, there
fore, the difference between the free and slave
population is constantly increasing.
4. Another' fact is, that the colored popula
tion increase just in proportion to the distance
South; and that slavery is certainly and rapid
ly decreasing in those States bordering
the free States.
j.nis state or mines contiuueu, would in
half a century extinguj6hs4avery Jm these
States, and concentrajinhe whoiVfefack ponu-
on qTyftimt States on the' Gulf of
MexUb, and the adjacent States on the South
Iive days Later. "
CCThe Arcadia brings news five days later than that
ought by the great western.
Saml. Swartwout, whose name has become a by
word, expressive of fraud and defalcation, arrived in
A London paper intimates that France is about
to send a Flotilla to demand satisfaction of Texas
for an insult oft" red hfr minis cr.
A Sheffield (England) paper says that, during a
thunderstorm at that place, hundreds of small fishes
descended with the rain, and some wrre picked alive
from the around. Accounts of several severe storms.
The elections in Great Britain have resulied as
follows: Reformers or liberals, or those in favor of
the present ministrv, 290 Tones, or those opposed
to ihe Government, 368.
Crops are promising. A general compiaint of
depression of business.
A SEVERE BATTLE t. ok place on Red River
a few weeks ago. A parcel of Indian?, negroes, and
mixed breed, and some few white men, built a fort
on Red river and settled down. Finding buffMo's
to be getting scarce, they went to stealir-g from the
Choctaws, who with two companies of U. S troops,
attacked them in their fort, kilbd many, and took
the rest prisoners. The carnage was great.
Fom the Ralefgh Register.
Mr Editor : I have often felt astonished at
the indifference manifested by the Press of
North Carolina, towards the delightful retreats
for health and pleasure which our State af
fords ; and I have consequently determined
to call your attention to the fact, that no part
of the United States affords : so much fun for
so little money" as this same Shocco. Other
Springs may boast of their five hundreds of
visitors, but every one knows that "iu such a
crowd there can be but little comfort : while
Shocco, with her one or two hundred, for
whom ample room and abundant tables are
provided, promises comfort, convenience and
rational enjoyment to all. Here may be
seen the young and the old, the gay aud the
grave, tho laughter-loving maiden of sweet
sixteen, (whose bird-like voice ever and anon
falls upon the ear like music from Eden ere
the fall of man) and the dignified matron
manly youth, in the perfection of its physical
developement, and hoary age with its fund of
wisdom and experience, mingled in delightful
contrast, and rendering this an epitome of the
world without its heartlessness or its cares.
Our days are spent in intercourse with the
eie of our State, denuded of its useless and
oppressive forms ; and when night comes,
rich music summons the young and gay to
the mazy windings of the giddy dance, in
which age sometimes delights to mingle, and
forgetting in the excitement of the scene its
many infirmities plays o'er again the part of
youth merrily "tripping it on the light fantas
tic toe " to the delightful tune of " Jim along
Josey." This commingling of exercise with
pleasure intellectual converse with physical
action fits us for the enjoyment of tired
nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep," to which
our clean, cool, and comfortable anartments
contribute in no small degree. In the morn
those who choose it will find many a
lark-like companion on the path to the Spring
whose fine tonic waters render the sound of
the Breakfast Bell (which scarce rouses the
sluggard from his morning nap) the most se
raphic music to the anxious-listening ear.
Breakfast over, we may read, or sing, or
dance, or walk,or ride, or play a game of
Whist, or, in fine do whatever we like to a
muse or edify ourselves or others.
The Warren Sulphur Spring, (genius- Sul
phur and no humbug) being but five miles
from Shocco, with every accommodation for
the comfort and convenience of either sick or
well, affords to the visitors of either, place the
double advantage to be derived from the use
Bathe, continually bathe It is getting very
fashionable for the Ladies to go In the Water
We feel it to be our duty to say continually,
during hot weather, that there is no one thing,
save temperance in all matters, that will so
certainly contribute to the maintenance of
health, as daily bathing. To our city residents
(gents, and lads) we say, go every day to
Smith's Island, or elsewhere, and lave in the
Delaware. To our kind readers elsewhere,
we say, take a swim in your silvan shades,
wheresoever you have ponds, lakes or rivers,
or if you can go into a briny Ocean, stvim
daily where the billows and the breakers fold
so gracefully upon the ascending shore.
Health and happiness are in every wave.
Yes, bathe bathe daily bathe every where.
We are rejoiced that the practice is becoming
far more common for the ladies to bathe yes,
with proper dresses, to go iuto the water and
swim. At Cape May, we observed that sev
eral of the best swimmers were some of the
most respectable ladies of Baltimore and Phil
adelphia ; and the very best floater this year
at the Capes is a Quaker lady of the Quaker
City. She floats as unconcernedly upon every
wave as the most sylph-like barque that every
graced the waters, presenting an example of
proper and healthy exercise which all ladies,
who" have opportunity, will do well to imitate,
if they wish to advance or confirm their health
by a just .developement of their physical facul
ties. It is our sincere -belief in which wo
are sustained by the best medical minds of
the age in which we live that a iarge share
of the diseases, to which females are so liable,
have their origin in tho false delicacies of
life, which foolishly keep them from proper
exercise, especially in the life-giving air of
open fields, on the banks of rivers, or at the
limits of the Ocean. Saturday Courier.
Misery in JBnglaurl.
At a late Manchester Com Law meeting,
S00 people, including a sprinkling of ladies,
were present ; H. Smith, Esq.; President ot
the Chamber of Commerce, said
- " I had lately the honor of being one of a
deputation to wait on her Majesty's Ministers
and we thought it desirable to furnish infor
mation. The facts ascertained were : that
in the township of Manchester, in 1836 ;
there were 32 empty warehouses ; there ate
now 340. In 1836 there were in Manches
ter 300 empty' houses ; there are now about
2600. Hear, Hear. In'Stockport, 2000
empty houses; in Oldham, 100 : iu Bolton,
1200 ; in Bury, 1200; and in Salford, 1400."
The Rev. Daniel Hearne yaid -"
He went lately to administer the conso
lations of religion to a poor dying woman.
On arriving at her bedside she seemed to be
alone. He asked her if she was. Johnny,'
said she, and immediately a sack in the cor-
uer Degan 10 move, and men another began
to move, and out of these tumbled the poor wo
man's sons, their only bed being the insido
of the sacks covered with shavings. Hear,
hear. He had about 30,000 of his flock liv
ing within half a miie of his chape'. Scarce
ly a single Catholic, unless in cases of sucl-
for the priest, and of these (and ho spoke from
1 t . ? . . i. 1
leiuuai ooservuuon) at leasi one nait ciiyu
from starvation. Hear, bear. Talk of
war ravaging a country; better by far was ho
who died by the swofd than he that was strick
en by famine. Hear, hear, hear. Men
in want cf temporal comforts were but ill fitted
to receive the consolations of religion for he
had found how difficult it was, when the poor
man was dying, with his starving children
around him, to stop the word of blasphemy
issuing from his tips in his parting breath."
Admitted to Bail. Mitchell, the Hod,
forger, has been admitted to bail in N. York,
in the sum of $5,500.
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