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TELE NWTM (C AIHiaSILlN 11 AN.
my creditor, endorser, jsurety, or other per son, any preference or priority over the gen eral creditors of such bankrupt ; and all other payments, securities, conveyances, 'or trans fer of propeity, or agreements made or given by such bankrupt in confrontation of bank ruptcy, to any person or persons whatever, not bein" a bona fidw creditor or purchaser for a vaM' consideration, without notice, shall be deemed utterly void, and a fraud upon this act ; and the signce under the bankrupt cy shall be entitled to claim, sue. for, tecover, and receive tne same as pa:t ot the assets 01 the bankruptcy : and the oerson making such unlawful preferences and payments, shall receive no discharge under the provi sions of this act : Provided, That all deal ings and transactions by and with any bank rupt, bona tide made and entered into more than two moiiibs before the petition tiled a gainst him, or by him shall not be invalida ted or affected by this act : Provided, That the other party to any such dealings or trans Hctions had no notice of a prior act of bank ruptcy, or of the intention of the bankrupt to take the benefit of this act, and in case it shail be m.-'da to appear to the court, in the course of the proceedings in bankruptcy, that the bankrupt, his application being voluntary, has, subsequent to the first day of January last, or at any other time, in contemplation of the passage ota bankrupt law, by assignments or otherwise, given or secured any preference to one creditor over another, be shall not re ceive a discharge unless the same; bo -assented to by a majority in interest of those of his creditors who have not been so preferred : And, 'provided, also, That nothing in this act cotitaiued shall be construed to annul, de stroy, or impair any lawful rights of mariied women or minors, or any liens, or mortgages, or other securities on property, real or person al, which may be valid by the laws of the States respectively, and which are not incon sistent with the provisions of the second and fifth sections of this act. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all the property a ud rights of property of every name and nature, and whether real, personal, or mixed, of every bankrupt, except as is hereinafter provided, who shall by a decree of the proper court be declared to be a bankrupt within this act, shall, by mere operation of law, ipso facto, from time of such decree, be deemed to be divested out of such bankrupt, without any other act, assignment, or other conveyance whatsoever ; and the same shall be vested, by force of the same decree, in such assignee as from time to time shall be appointed by the proper court for this purpose; which power of appointment and removal such Court may exercise at its discretion, toties quoties; and the assignee so appointed shall be vested with all the rights, titles, poweis, and authorities to sell, manage, and of the same, and to sue for and same, subject to the orders pitch court, as fully, to al res, as if the' same were be exercised by, such ba the time of his bankruptcy de said ; and all suits in law or pending, in which such bfv may be prosecuted and defen signee to their final conclusion, way, and with the same effect, as have been by such bankrupt ; at commenced by or against any assignee s be abated by his death or removal from office, but the same may be prosecuted or defended by his successor in the same office; Provi ded, however, That there shall be excepted from the operation of the provisions of this section the necessary household and kitchen furniture, and such other articles and necessa ries of such bankrupt, as the said assignee shall designate and set apart, having reference in the amount to the family, condition, and circumstances of the bankrupt, but altogether not to exceed in value, in any case, the sum of three hundred dollars; andf also the wear ing apparel of such bankrupt, and that of his wife and children ; and the determination of the assignee in the matter shall, on exception taken, bo subject to the final decision of said court. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every bankrupt who shall bona fide surrender all his property and rights of property, with the exception before mentioned for the bene fit of his creditors, and shall fully comply with and obey all the orders and directions which may from time to time be passed by the proper court, and shall otherwise conform to all the other requisitions of this act, shall (unless a majority iu number and value of his creditors, wno nave proved their debts, snail tile their written dissent thereto be entitled to a full discharge from all his debts, to be decreed and allowed by the court which has declared him a bankrupt, and a certificate thereof granted to him by such court accordingly, upon his petition filed for such purpose ; such discharge and certificate not, however, to be granted until after 90 days from the decree of bankruptcy, nor until after seventy days' notice in some public newspaper, designated by such court, to ail creditors who have proved their debts, aud other persons in interest, to appear at a particular time and place, to show cause why such discharge and certificate shall not be granted ; at which time and place any such creditors or other persons in in terest, may appear and contest the right of tbo bankrupt thereto : Provided, That in all cases where the residence of the creditor is kuown, a service on him personally, or by latter addressed to him at his known usual place of residence, shall be prescribed by the court, as in their.discretion shall seem proper, having regard to the distance which the credi tor resides from such court. And if any such bankrupt shall be guilty of any fraud or wilful concealment of his property or rights of property, or shall have preferred any of his creditors contrary to the provisions of this act, or shall wilfully omit or refuse to comply with any orders or directions of such court, or to comform to any other requisites of this act, or shall, in the proceedings under this act, admit a false or fictitious debt against his estate, he shall not be entitled to any such discharge or certificate ; nor shall any per son being a merchant, banker, factor, broker, underwriter, or marine insurer, be entitled to any such discharge or certificate, who shall - IAMB. e 1 f 3 i F U1 haTii ing of tbw act ; nor jmv person who, after th passing of this act, shall apply trust funds to biswn use : Provided, 1 hat no dis charge of any bankrupt under this act' shall release or discharge any person who may be for the same debt as a partner, joint 4 onlnrpr snrpYv or olhfirwlSC tor COIHIrtHUi, j j or with the bankrupt. Aud such bankrupt shall at all times be subject to examination, orally, or upon written interrogatories, in and before such court, or any commission appoin ted by the court therefor, on oath, or, if con stant ioiisly scrupulous of taking an oath, affirmation, in all matters relating to such bankruptcy, and bis acts aud doings, and his properly, aud rights of proper ty, which, iu the judgment of such court, are necessary and proper for the purposes of jus tice ; and if iu auy such examination he shall wilfully and corruptly answer, or swear or affirm falsely, he shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and shall be punishable therefor iu like manner as the crime of perjury is now punishable by the laws of the Uuited States; aud ?uch discharge and certificate, when duly nrnn te-A. shall, in all courts of justice, be deemed a full and complete discharge of all debts, coutracts, and other engagements of such bankrupt, which are proveable under this act, and shall be and may be pleaded as a full and complete bar to all suits brotighi iu any court of judicature whatever, and the same shall be conclusive evidence of itself in favor of such bankrupt, unless the same shall be impeached for some fraud or wilful conceal ment by him of his property, or rights of pro perty, as aforesaid, contrary to the provisions of this act, on prior reasonable notice specify ing in writing such fraud or concealment ; and if, in any case of bankruptcy, a majority, in nun ber and value, of the creditors, who shall have proved their debts at the time of hearing of the petition of the banki upt for a discharge as herein before provided, shall at such hearing file their written dissent to the allowance of a discharge and certificate to such bankrupt, or if, upon such hearing, a discharge shall not be decreed to him, the bankrupt may demand a trial by jury upon a proper issue to be directed by the court, at such time and place and in such manner as the court may order ; or he may appeal from that decision, at any lime within ten days thereafter, to the circuit court next to be held for the same district, by simply entering in the district court, or with the clerk thereof, upon record, his prayer for an appeal. The appeal shall be tried at the first term of the circuit court after it be taken, unless, for suffi cient reason, a continuance be granted ; and it may be heard and determined by said court summarily, or by a jury, at the option of a, bankrupt ; and the creditors may appear and object against a decree of discharge and the of the certificate, as herein before And if) upon a full hearing of the appear to the satisfaction of ury shall find, that the bank- full disclosure and surren- state, as by this act required, conformed to the direc- court shall make a decree grant a -certificate, as pro- hinss ind be it further enacted, That coming in and proving their debts such bankruptcy, in' the manner here inafter prescribed, the same being bona fide debts, shall be entitled to share in the bank rupt's property and effects, pro rata, without any priority or preference whatsoever, except only for debts due by such bankrupt to the U. States, and for all debts due by him to per sons who, by the laws of the U. States, have a preference, in consequence of having paid moneys as his sureties, which shall be first paid out of the assets, and any person who shall have performed any labor as an opera tive in the service of any bankrupt shall be entitled to receive the full amount of the wages due to him for such labor, not exceed ing twenty-five dollars ". Provided, That such labor shall have been performed within six months next before the bankruptcy of his em ployer; and all creditors whose debts are not due aud payable until a future day, all annui tants, holders of bottomry respondenta bonds holders of policies of insurances, sureties endorsers, bail, or other persons, having un certain or contingent demands against such ' bankrupt, shall be permitted to come in and prove such debts or claims under this act, aud shall have a right, when their debts and claims become absolute, to have the same al lowed them; and such annuitants and hold ers of debts payable in future may have the present value thereof ascertained under the direction of such court, and allowed them ac cordingly, as debts in presenti ; and no credi . tor or omer person, coming in and proving his debt or other claim, shall be allowed to maintain any suit at law or in equity therefor, but shall be deemed thereby to have waived al right of action and suit against such bank rupt; and all proceedings already commen ced, and all unsatisfied judgments already obtained thereon, shall be deemed to be sur rendered thereby: and in all cases where there are mutual debts or mutual credits be tween the parties, the balance only shall be deemed the true debt or claim between them and the residue shall be deemed adjusted by the set-off"; all such proof of debts shall be made before the court decreeing the bank ruptcy, or before some commissioner appoin ted by the court for that purpose, but such court shall have full power to set aside and disallow any debt, upon proof that such deb is founded in fraud, imposition, illegality, or mistake; and corporations to whom any debts are due may make proof thereof by their president, cashier, treasurer, or other othcer, who may be specially appointed tor that pur pose; and in appointing commissioners to receive proof of debts, and perform other du ties, under the provisions of this act, the said court shall appoint such persons as have thei residence in the county in which the bank rupt lives. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted. That the district court in every district shall have jurisdiction in all matters and proceedings iu bankruptcy arising under this act and any other act which may hereafter be passed on the subject of bankruptcy ; the said jurisdic deemed always open. And the district judge may adjourn any point or question arising in any case in bankruptcy into the circuit court for the district in his discretion; to be there heard, and determined; and for this purpose the circuit court of such district shall also be deemed always open. And the jurisdic tion hereby conferred on the district court shall extend to all cases and controversies in bankruptcy arising between the bankrupt and any creditor or creditors who shall claim any debt or demand under the bankruptcy ; to all cases and conlroveisies between such creditor or creditors and the assignee of the estate, whether in office or removed ; to all cases and controversies between such assignee and the bankrupt, and to all acts, matters, and things to be dobe under aud in virtus of the bank ruptcy, until the final distribution and settle ment of the estate of the bankrupt, aud the close of the proceedings in bankruptcy. Aud the said courts shall have full authority and jurisdiction to compel obedience to all orders and decrees passed by them rn bankruptcy, by process ot contempt and other remedial process, to the same extent the circuit courts may now do iu any suit pending therein in equity. And it shall be the duty of the dis trict court in each district, from time to time, to prescribe suitable rules and regulations and forms of proceedings in all matters of bank ruptcy ; which rules, regulations, and forms shall be subject to be altered, added to, re vised, or annulled, by the circuit court of the same district, and other rules and regulations, and forms substituted therefor ; and in all such rules, regulations, and forms, it shall be theduty of the said courts to make them as simple and brief as practicable, to the end to avoid all unnecessary expenses, aud to facili tate the use thereof by the public atlarre. Aud the said courts shall, from time to time. jrescrioe a larin or rauie or lees and charges, to be taxed by the officers of the court or other ersous for services under this act, or any other on the subject of bankruptcy ; which fees shall be as low as practicable, with refer ence to the nature and character of such services. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all petitions by any bankrupt for the benefit of this act, aud all petitions by a creditor a gainst auy bankrupt under this act, and ail proceedings iu the case to the close thereof, shall be had iu the district court within and for the district, in which the person supposed to be a bankrupt shall reside, or have his place of business at the time when such petition is filed, except where otherwise provided in this act. And upon every such petition, notice thereof shall be published in one or more pub ic newspapers printed in such distri .t, to be designated by such court, at least twenty days before the hearing thereof, and all persons nterested may appear at the time and place where the hearing is thus to be had, aud show cause, if any they have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be grauted ; all evi dence by witnesses to be used iu all hearings before such court shall be uuder oath, or so- emn affirmation when the party is conscien tiously scrupulous of taking an oath, and may be oral or by deposition, taken before such court, or betore auy commissionerappointed by such court, or before any disinterested Slate judge of the State in which the deposi tion is taken ; and all proof of debts or other claim, by creditors entitled to prove the same by this act, shall be under oath or solemn affirmation as aforesaid, before such court or commissioner appointed thereby, or before some disinterested State judge of the State where the creditors live, in such form as may be proscribed by the rules and regulations hereinafter authorized to be made aud estab- ished by the courts having jurisdiction in bankruptcy, iiut all such proofs of debts and other claims shall be open to contesta tion in the proper court, having jurisdiction over the proceedings in the particular case in bankruptcy; and as well the assignee as the creditor shall have a right to a trial by jury, upon au issue to be directed by such court, to ascertain the validity and amount of such debts or other claims ; and the result therein unless a new trial shall be granted, if in favor of the claims, shall be evidence of the validity and amount of such debts or other claims. And if any person or persons shall falsely and corruptly answer, swear, or affirm, in any bearing or on trial of any matter, or in any proceeding in such court in bankruptcy, or before any commissioner, he or they shali be deemed guilty of perjury, and punishable therefor in the manner and to the extent pro vided by law for other cases. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the circuit court within and for the district where the decree of bankruptcy is passed, shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the district court of the same district 'of all suits at law and iu equity which may and shall be bt ought by any assignee of the bankrupt a gainstany person or persons claiming an ad verse interest, or bv such person against such assignee, touching any property or rights of property of said bankrupt transferable to, or vested in, such assignee; and no suit at law or iu equity shall, in any case, be maintaina ble by or against such assignee or by or against any person claiming an adverse in terest, touching the property and rights of a a r . property aforesaid, in any court whatsoever, unless the same shall be brought within two years after the declaration and decree of bankruptcy, or after the cause of suit shall first have accrued. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all sales, transfers, and other conveyances of the assignee, of the baukrupt's property and rights of property, shall be made at such times and in such manner as shall be ordered and ap pointed by the court in bankruptcy ; and all assets received by the assignee in money shall, within ixty days afterwards, be paid into the court, subject to its order respecting its future safe-keeping and disposition; and the court may require of such assignee a bond, with at least two sureties, in such sum as it may deem proper, conditioned tor the due and faithful discharge of all his duties, and his compliance with the orders and directions of .a t t Villa.! tne court ; wnicn dodo snan De raKen in me name of the United States, and shall, if there be any breach thereof, be sued aud sueable, under the order of such court, for the benefit tion to be exercised summarily, in the nature become bankrupt, and who shall not have I of summary proceeding in equity ; and fori of the creditors and other persons in inter Kept proper dooks oi account, alter tne pass- t mis purpose toe saia aisirici court snau De i est. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That in order to ensure a speedy settlement and close of the proceedings in each case in bankruptcy, it shall be the duty of the court to order and direct a collection of the assets and a reduction of the same to money, a nd a dis tribution thereof, at as early periods as prac ticable consistently wiln a due regard to the interests of the creditors: and a dividend and distribution of such assets as shall be collected and reduced to money, or so much thereof as can be safely so disposed of, con sistently with the rights and interests of third persons having adverse claims thereto, shall be made among the creditors who have proved their debts, aa often as ouce in six months from the time of the decree declaring the bankruptcy ; notice of such dividends and distribution to be given in some newspaper or nevvspa'pers in the district, designated by the court, ten days at least before the order therefor is passed ; and the pendenc v of auy suit at law or in equity, by or against such third persons, shall not postpone aur-h divi sions and distribution, except so far as the assets" may be necessary to satisfy the same ; and all the proceedings in bankruptcy in each case shall, if practicable, be finally adjusted, settled, aud brought to a close, by the couit, within two veal's after the decree declaring the bankruptcy. And where arfy creditor shall not have proved his debt until a dividend or distribution shall have been made and de clared, he shall be entitled to be paid the same amount, pro rata, out of the remaining divi dends or distributions thereafter made, as the other creditors have aliea'tfy received, be fore the latter shall bo entitled to any portion thereof. Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the assignee shall have full authority, by and under the order and direction of the proper court in bankruptcy, to redeem and discharge any mortgage or other pledge, or deposite, or lien upon any property, real or personal, whether payable iu presenti or at a future day, aud to tender a duo performance of the conditions thereof. And such assignee shall also have authority, by aud under the order and direction of the proper court iu bankrupt cy, to compound any debts or other claims or securities, due or belonging to the estate of the bankrupt; but no such order or direction shall be made until notice of the application is given in some public newspaper in the dis trict, to be designated by the court, ten days at least before the hearing, so that all credi tors and other persons iu interest may ap pear and show cause, if any they have, at the hearing, why the order or direction should not be passed. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That if any person who shall have been discharged under this act shall afterward become bank rupt, he shall not again be entitled to a dis charge under this act, unless his estate shall produce (after all charges) sufficient to pay every creditor seventy-five per cent, on the amount of the debt, which shall have been al lowed to each creditor. Sec. 13. And be it further euacted, That the proceedings iu all cases in bankruptcy shall be deemed matters of record ; but the same sh ill not be required to be recorded at large, but shall be carefully filed, kept, and numbered in the office of the court, aud a docket only, or snort memorandum thereof, with the number?, kept in a book by the clerk of the court, and the clerk of tho couit for af fixing his name and the seal of the. court to any form, or certifying a copy thereof, when required thereto, shall be entitled to receive, as compensation, the sum of twenty-five cents, and no more. An i no officer of the court or commissioner, shall be allowed by the court more than one dollar for taking the proof of auy debt or other claim of any creditor or other person against 1he estate of the bank rupt ; but he may be allowed, in addition, his actual travel expenses for that purpose. Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, j.hat where two or more persons, who are partners in trade, become insolvent, an order may be made in the manner provided in this act, either on the petition of such partners, or any one of them, or on the petition of any credi tor of the partners ; upon which order all the joint stock and propei ty of the company, and also all the separate estate of each of the part ners, seall be taken, excepting such parts thereof as are herein excepted; and all the creditors of the company, and the separate creditors of each partner, shall be allowed to prove their respective debts, and the assignees shall also keep separate accounts of the joint stock or property of the company, and of the separate estate of each member thereof ; and alter deducting out of the whole amount re ceived by such assignees, the whole of the expenses and disbursements paid by them, the nett proceeds of the joint stock shall be appropriated to pay the creditors of the Com pany, and the nett proceeds of the separate estate of each partner shall be appropriated to pay his separate creditors; and if there shall be any balance ot the separate estate of any part ner, after the payment of his separate debts, such balance shall be added to the joint stock for the payment of the joint creditors; and if there shall be auy balance of the joint stock, after the payment of the joint debts, such bal ance shall be divided and appropriated to and among the separate estates of the several part ners, according to their respective rights and interests therein and as it would have been if the partnership had been dissolved without any bankruptcy ; and the sum so appropriated to the separate estate of each partner shall be applied to the payment of his separate debts ; and the certificate of discharge shall be gran ted or refused to each partner, as the same would or ought to be if the proceedings had been against him alone under this act ; and in all other respects the proceedings against partners shall be conducted in the like man ner as if they had been commenced and pro secuted against one person alone. Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That a copy of any decree of bankruptcy, and the appointment of assignees, as directed by the third section of this act, shall be recited in every deed of lands, belonging to the bank rupt, sold and conveyed by any assignees, un der and by virtue of this act ; and that such recital, together with a certified copy of such order, shall be full and complete evidence both of the bankruptcy and assignment tbere- in recited, and supersede (he necessity of any other proof of such bankruptcy and assign ment to validate the said deed ; and all deeds containing such recital, and supported by such proof, shall be as effectual to pass the title of the bankrupt of, in, and to tbd lands therein mentioned and described to the pur chaser, as fully, to al! Intents and purposes, as if made by such bankrupt himself, immedi ately before such order. Seci 16. And be it further enacted, That all jurisdiction, power aud authority conferred upon and vested in the district court of the United Slates by this act, in cases in Bank ruptcy, are hereby conferred upon and vested in the circuit court of the U. S. for the Dis trict of Columbia, and iu aud upon the su preme or superior courts of any of thd Terri tories of the United States, iu cases of bank ruptcy, where the bankrupt resides in the said District of Columbia, or in either of the said Territories. Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from and after the first day of February next. JOHN WHITE, Speaker of the House of Representatives. SAM'L L. SOUTHARD. President of the Senate, pro tempore. Approved, August 19, 1S41. JOHN TYLER. NORTH-CAROLINIAN. AVm. II. Bayne, Editor and Proprietor. Saturday Morning, November 20, 1841 State democratic Convention The Secretary of the late Central Commit tee of the Democratic party of IS or th Caroli- nn hnvinor conversed .vith many ot the most nrominent individuals in our ranks, called a Convention, to meet iu Raleigh, on the 10th of. January ensuiug. Since the call of the sairl Convention, he has conversed with others, who differ in regard to the place where the Conventu n shall meet. He has re quested us 'to withdraw said notice, and state that when the place shall have been designat ed, he will give notice thereof. j-Tho Press thioughout the State will please copy this, notice. JVorth Carolina Standard. The Market. The Market has been b. isk the present week, and former prices sustained, with the exception of Cot ton, which has fuller. t:ff to cent per lb., we now quote at 8 to 8 cents. Brandy, still. scarce, at 32j to 37 cents for Apple 40 to 50 for Peach. VVlvs key, but little coming in and sells qtiick at 32 to 35 cents. Bacon, 7 to 7j cents, dull. Beeswax sells quick at 27 to 28 cents. Corn, 45 to 50 cents, not much in market. Flour to sells quick. Feathers, 35 to 40 cents. Flaxseed, Si 15 to g I 25, sells rendfly. Hides, ffreen, 5 to 5! cents, Drv, 1 1 to 14 cents. Oat, but f ;w on hand, self quick at 35 cjwf.. Tallow, 10 to 1 cent?, in demand. To bacco, loaf, 3 1 to 5 cents. Wheat, & I to 01 10, in demand. The Synod of North Carolina. The Synod of iXorth Carolina assembled in this place on Thursday evening last, in the Presbyterian Church. The Moderator bei:i absent, the Rev. Air. front iss, of Salisbury, was cal'ed upon to pre side as such, temporarily. They then proceeded to the election of otficers, when ihe following appoint ments were made: Rev. Mr. Peacock, Moderator; Rev. Mr. McNair and Rev. Mr. Lary, Clerks. There are a large number of the Clergy of this Church in attendance. Half right. The Old Dominion, the peculiar advocate of tin workingman, says: "To talk of convicting ana punishing a man, at this day, who wears a ruffle shirt, is of all things most preposterous." There is too much truth in Ibis, xoes any one nik fbVthe prSof? See the poverty-stricken laborer who can find no employment; whose will i good fo l.i. hread bv the sweat of his brow, yet is for ced to purloin from his neighbor nomethJng to keep starvation from his domicl. i ne law tanes u. this man and imprisons him. How docs this mend the matter? The State feeds fltwy wnnc iiwwm.y are left to starve, r do as he done. How w it with him who pockets his thousands of dollars i ne history of the last three years proves inai o. -y inn CMr.a wltU imnunitv. Is this justice, accord ing to Iar? If it is, theri the laws ore 'defective, rrJ tt,r., who administer them, corrupt. It the former, !.!t them be amended, if the latter, I t tha people inquire into It, and correct it.;? we incline to the opinion that the cause lies in a combination of these twtf evils; that there is a strong party in thia. country who are bent on establishing a privileged c!ass; and when America sees that party ":n the as cendant, that day will see the eagle of Liberty de- nartfrom her shores, and Democracy prostrate m the dust. Then let the American people beware of that day; and we do most solemnly warn tlu-m, mat eternal vigilance alone can atert it. SCTWe publish the Bankrupt Law to-dav bv request of several friends. Kclbrin in Earnest. The Democratic Legislature of Georgia, just elected, have passed a bill reducing the salaries of the officers of the State Government of that State. This is retrenchment indeed; it is not the promise, but the performance; it is not Whiggcry, it is De mocracy. Actions speak louder than words. THE ELECTIONS. Michigan. , The people have returned a democrat for every Senator that was to be elected (many having held over) which gives a majority in the Senate for the Drmocracy, ot 8. The House cf Representatives consists of 52, out of which the whigs have elected duI tour. This is unparalleled within our reading or recollec tion. Massachusetts. Jno. Davis, the Whig candidate for Governor has beaten Morton, the Democrat 4,617 votes. Deduct the Abolition and scattering votes, reduces Davis maionly to 1C67. Florida. In the middle district. Rp.rthp. tot (Dem.) was elected to the Senate in the place ot liovernor Duval resigned, byan over- wueimiug majority. New York. The Democrats carry both branches of the Legislature, the House nearly three to nno. aud a majority of from 13,000 to 15,000 on me popular vote. Ihe Senate. The returns show th W. tion of eight Democrats and two Federalists to the Senate ; which ensures a Democratic majority ot two in that body. The Senate will stand 16 Republican, 15 Whig. The House. Returns from nil Kilt fruir counties, show the election of 93 Democrats and 2S Federalists. Two of the remaining seven members will probably be Democratic. Mississippi. Only two counties have been heard from, in which the vote stood pretty much as it did at the Presiden tial election, with a small diminution of the federal vote. This news is from in and about Natchez and nothing else could be expected. ' Wisconsin. The Legislature is politically divided; Council, whigs 7, democrats 6; House, whigs 10, democrats 16. Six mem bers only were elected this year to fill vacan cies. Georgia Legisla r ure. B ills have been introduced in both houses proposing a con siderable reduction in the salaries of State of ficers, viz: the salary of the Governor to be $3,000; State House officers, $1,600; Judges $1,690; and Members f the Legislature. $4 per diem. A Iiog CdMiw The log cabin raised by the Whigs was built upon s.ind. They are like the faolish man spoken of i it scripture, "which built bis hotise npon the sand, and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds bleSv, and beat upon that house, and it fell, anl great was the fall of it. We present a P V II AMID, having for its base Trtlth and Justice; the rains may descend, the wind may blow and beat upon it, and it will not fall for it is like the wise man', "founded upon a rotk." OHIO. IOW A. MAINE. Illinois. G EORGI A. INDIANA. FLORID A . VIRGINIA. JV E XV - Y O R K . MICHIGAN, WISCONSIN. MISSOURI. ARKA NSAS. A L A D A M A . M A R Y L A N D . N E W - II A M P S II I R E . S OUT II - CAROLINA. P E NNSYLVAN1 A . faking "Time by the forelock." The Federalists ae in such a hurry to obtain of fice, thai they actuully lake "t me by the foit lock." An instance occurred in Louisiana in the appoint ment of a Bsnn' t A. CrawfoTd as Judge of the U. S. District Co-irt, in the place of Theodore H. McCa leb, deceased. When lo and behold! Judge Mc Calcb is not only alive and well, but has been no ways indisposed, consequ ntly Mr Crawford must await hi exit, before be can assume the judicial robe. " Mr. Bayne The sentiments of th fathers of tho Constitution, are often held up to us as lights to guide us in our political paths. I beg you to publish some of a stil, older date, going back as far aa tho excitement wh eh pievailed in Massachusetts before the Revolution. No one could paint a better skr tch of the Fedeial party of the present day. and your rea-lcr M'ill be struck with the coincidence. "The votaries of this sect, are all monopolizers of office, pet u'ators, informer, and generally the seek eis of nil kinds. It is better, say they, to ",ive up any thing and every thing qui. t y, than contend with a superior, who by his prerogative, can do, and as the vulgar express it, right or wrortg", will have whatever he pleases." For you must know, that aceoiding to some of the most refined and fashiona ble systems of modern jolitics,the ideaa ofrightand w rong, and all the moral virtues, are to be consid ered only as the vagaries of a weak and distempered imagination in the possessor, and of no use in the world, but for the skilful politician to convert to his own purposes of power and profit. With them "The fove of country is an en:pty name, For gold they buner, but ne'er thirst for fame." Mr. Editor.- The tarilT upon imports is a c?ir?ct tax upon the consumer; it is paid in an indirect way and in such a manner that he does not feel it when he is actually paying it out of his pocket. Thil comsnunication npon this old subject grew out of some reflections as I sat a ftw evenings since smoking a first rate Principe segar which I had purchased at Cochran's. I aaked myself the ques tion, what tax am I now paying upon a thousand segars (by the by I am an inveterate smoker and generally buy them at retail)? To satisfy myself I sat down and figured it tut. In the Inland of Havanna the Piincipe Segar can be purchased per thousand for $9 00 The cost of getting them to New York 1 12J i ne duty payable in New Yoik The profit to importer nearly GO per cent on cost $12 62 The profil to Merchant in Fayetteville exclusive of freight &c. from New York 25 ppr cent on $20 The profit to retailer 25 per cent on 25 Thus one thousand Segars which cost in the Havanna S3, is retailed in Fay etteville for The original cost was Cost of getting to New York Importers profit 60 per cent Profit to Merchant in Fayetteville, 25 per cent. Profit to Retailer 25 per cent 2 50 7 37J 5 00 6 25 S3 1 25 $9 00 1 12 6 (7J 4 05 5 061 Thuslam mofced ouf orS5 93- in consuming one thousand segars, and merely because the Gov ernment exacts a tax of $2 50 on them; the Import er real.zes the same profit; the Merchant realizes the same profit; the Retailer realizes the same pro fit, bond or free, while I am burdened with a tax of nh me'ey because ,he Custom House officeis in New York collected 82 50 on the importation. 1 he same rule will apply to Salt, Sugar, Molasses, lea, Coffee, &c.&c. The con umera of these arti have beltcr se! down and figue out the tax as I : SMOKER. The importance of one vote far shown by the fact that S or 10 of the members recently elected to the Massachusetts legislature, were elected by me ma jor it y. J m