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TH1B NORTH CAMOILflNflAJSf
Letters from the Army TJic following extracts from the regular correspondence of the NewOrleansPicayune, will be found most interesting, both as re thc movements of troops, the geography of the country, manners of the people, the batik-, See : PukTiaguda, Mexico, Sept 7, 1846. Gentlcmcu Wo arrived here with Col. V ilson's commaud, yesleiday at 10 o'clock, A. M. Wc marched about fifteen miles .iito.igii a country mote interesting than any vi; had befote passed, iudetd, every day's ap pioach to the moontaius brings us into a finer counli.y ; the land becoming less arid, "tJ vi gelation more abundant aud fresh- I he country abounds with dear running streams that .-pi in: from the mountains. Irom Ca innrgo to this place the rjad passes over 1UU iiieiiible beds oflime lock, and a miserable toil, covered with scattering shrubberyand a hundred varieties of the cactus plant. Here the scttie i-s suddenly cnangea nom a oarren iv i ' , i n :ir di n. 1 ie camp Mil ii - " is situated a few yards from a little ravine iluwu wnicti tne A-. ki del Alinu iu.-he-, over limo locks, with rn'ai lelociiy. The Mexicans have here erected a neat dam of lime rock and cement, !:t which the creek is divided off into several canals which irrigate the farms around. He low this d un, out whi h the water runs al im.s! peipeudicul.tiiy iu au unbrukeii sheet, is n basin . I f., an.ii -g wiiltr, affording ne of the most delicious bribing places iu the world. 1 need not say this basin is always occupied by the soldiers. About half a mile from camp is a large rutichu or Mexican village, where the fanners of this delightful legion are hud ;ied t.-g.-iher for security. The buildings are made of .-tone, with straw roufs. 1 uer.i, last night, in company with several flicc s to attend a fandango at this raucho The dance was held in front of one of the largest houses, in the r.pen air, the moon af fording abundance of light. benches were set around, formiug a circle. Tables were placed mound the ring, upou which a number of cake merchants offeied small loaves of brown -ugar, cigarrittas, and other little dain tier, for hale. Every thing was conducted with the utmost decoium, aud with much taste The enoi ilas, many of whom were, by moon li"hf, very p-ettv, were dressed, with a few exceptions, in calico, made up after the Airier icau s:ie, or rather in bad imitation ot it. They were ranged around uptm the benches, where they sat very quietly, behaving very like our country gils iu Louisiana on .-imilar oc i aMutis. In trrilh, the patv resembled a country btiil at home, thegiils manifesting the same modes' timidity so captivating in our sweet Creole girls, and the young men, who were neatly clad in while linen pants, snow whit a frhiit.5, and ted silk cashes, conducting themselves vvith pcifecl politeness aud regu lar iiy. A litle hump-backed Mexican a d.sail wiili:ii was seated in a chair wi h a iu!in as l.wge as himtlf, his keen black eyes l.i inkling iu the mooubeam-, saicing; out waltzes ui;d b'eaUdwwns with wonder ful ease. Juntas the waltzing commenced, an orderly rode up from Col. Gail.md - Col. G. com mands this camp with an eider for C'ol. Wal-on, who was a spectator, to appear at his headquarters forthwith. A moment alter wo leaiiu-J tint an express had arrived Irom Gen. Wntih, biinging an order for the troop- here to be ready lor au attack ; aud iu case firing was hcaid in the di ection of Cerralv, to set out immediately for that place. A sub dued buzz pervaded the camp after orders in corr.fonnity to the above had been promo! aUd; new instructions were "iveu to the sentinel-, cartridge boxes were carefully ex amined, muskets inspected, aud the men lay beside their arms. As iiu talking was allowed and every man felt inclined to listen, the whole camp wai soon wrapped in silence, cm opting here and there, where a thed sol dier could be heard blowing off his laligues of divisious will lepott to CapU Waggamau for this duty. . . 5. Each division will be followed imme diately bv its baggage train aud supply train, with a rong rear-guard. -The ordinance train under Capt R-m-y will march with the 2d division between its bag-age and supply iraio, and will come under the protection o the gourd of that division. 1 he medical supplies will, in ,i,ic "lner march with the first division. . 6. The troops will take eight days rations and forty rouuds of ammunition. All surplus arms and accoutrements, resulting bom casualties on the load, will be deposited with Lieut. Stevvait, left in charge of the depot jit this place, who will give certificates of de posite to thecompauy commaudeis. 7. The wagons appropriated for trapsporta tiou of water will not be required, aud will be turned over to the quartermasters depart ment for general purposes. 8. Two companies of the Mississippi regi ment will ho designated for the ganison of this place. All sick aud disabled men, unfit for the march, will bo left behiud, under charge of a medical officer to bo selected for this duty by the medical director. liy order of Maj. Geu. Taylor, V. V. S. liJJbS, Ass't Adj'i Gen'l. On the Road to Monterey, Mexico, ) 14 miles from Marin, iu camp, j September 15, 1846. We are encamped for we know not how many hours for au express has just artived from Gen. Taylor, bringing orders for us to overtake him iu the morning aud I will loot up our progress to this place by copying from my note book : Second division of ihe select sij: thousand march from Ceralvo to Monterey . Sept. 14. The 2d division, under Genl. Woith, which was oidered to march to-day the 1st division, under Gen. Twiggs, haviug inarched ye-terday had just placed their per soual clothiug and accoutrements in couve nient conditions for packing yesterday eveu ing, when they were called out for inspection, orderlies, servants, aud all, leaving their tents unattended. Just as Gen. Worth appeared on the field a heavy rain, accompanied with wind, commenced, aud prostrating many ol the tents, soaked ever thing in camp. At 2 o'clock this morning the reveille beat, and the poor fellows, with all their duds still wet, commenced their preparations for the march. The tents were at once struck aud packed - brought up to leceive the tent than rose bushes from the town, yet the tents are almost completely bidden Irom view, and nothing rnaiks the preseuce of an army, from that distance, but the cloud of smoke which hovers over it Trom iho camp fires. H. Marin, Mexico, Sept. 15, 1S46. This place was entered by Ibe first division of our troops this forenoon, and, contrary to the expectations of many, without a guu be iug fued. Early iu the morning, at llamos, Geu. Taylor despatched McCulloch's Ka li ters to I . .. - I- . Til reconnoitre, auu uu leucuiu" a nm nop.lnr.kirK the luwo, cigni nuutued nr a thousand yards distant, we came iu plain sight of a large body of the enemy' cavalry, ranged in the principal street, aud evideutly much flurried by our appearance. They were armed with new scopetas aud lance-?, and among the uniforms were many of bright scailet. With a force entirely too small to approach nearer, having only 25 men with him, Mc CuIIoch ordered a halt. The plaza was con cealed from sight by the church and the ad joining buildings, making it impossible to tell whether there were any infantry or artil lery in ibe town or not. The place offered every opportunity for concealing an enemy of thousands, and as our cotnmaud was not so particularly ceitaiu that the Mexicans might not send an 13-pound shot, or some missile of the kind, up our way on a flying visit, we were ordeied to scatter a little along ihe brow of a hill. Scouts in the meantime were sent out to prevent a party from gelling in our rear, as the advance of Geueral Taylor was still several miles off. For an hour we sat watching the hurried movements of the cavalry in the town, unable to make out their intentions. Horsemen were plainly seen dashing and cavoiting about, while men on foot were jumping to out of their way. Several persons Mexicans of the lower oiders dressed iu greasy buckskin were taken in the chap parial close by us, or voluntarily came up, who stated that the patty below us was com manded by Gen. Torrejou, who had driven them out of the place aud had threatened to destroy their houses by fire before los Ameri cans s-hould gain - possession. They pointed out their cojatc and casa3 to us, aud implored Gen'l iu Chief. 1 wagons were oar assistance in saving ind caies, through his uasal organ. II. Cekkalvo, Mexico, Sept. 11, 1S46. Gentlemen Ihe following order has ju-t been lead at parade. It is lowioitaut, and I hasten to furuih you vvith it in lime for the express or mail catrier who goes down to- motrovv. h i9 bet:er th m all the rumors that have emanated from the Annv ihp. tiv,. months : Headquarters Army of Occupation, ) CerinUo, Sept. f 1S46. ( O.ders No. 1 15. - 1. As the Army ex pect to tneel icsiMance in the further advance towards Monterey, it is necessary that the inaich should he conducted with all piopei precaution to meet attack and secure 'hehj. gagi: and supplies-. Viom this point the following will be the order of match until otherwise directed : 2. All the pioueers ol the Army, consoli them! Singular war this, and more singular the people ! In about an hour the cavalry began to move off in order, taking the route towards Mon terey, now distinctly seen lying at the fool of a large mountaiu teu or eleven leagues off. Their rear had not yet left the place before McCulloch, accompanied only by Col. Pey ton of our city, was dogging after them, iu teiit on watching their movements. In half an hour's lime our Captain appeared near the maiu street aud beckoned us down, and iu live minutes more we were all in the plaza. Nearly every house was closed, and the lew s .t i men we mel lor me women nau an Deeu taken off greeted us as aminos, or friends, with their hats in their bauds. One old fel low, living in a large house next door to the church, said he had been beaten severely beaten after we appeared iu sight, by some of Torrcjou's officeis, to induce him to leave; but regardless of blows he had determined te stick by his premises and property. All the inhabitants had been shamefully abused, their property taken from them, and they were driven into the t haparral ; aud we were told that iu au hour's time more, had our company not appeared in sight, they would have set me to the place. Such is the policy which has been adopted into which at least one and such the course pursued by Torrejou at plunged, this evening, every ranche and town since the army left teralvo. 1 o drive ott Ihe inhabitants and destroy all the supplies on iho road is the game they ate now playing, cettaiuly deter mining to harrass Gen. Taylor if they do not intend t fight him. The Mexicans all alutig ou the load spoke confidently that Geu. T. would meet with stout resistance at this ulace, 7 but the foiee we met only amounted to some SOO or a 1UO0 cavahv. and they stalled off without firing a guu, as 1 have stated above. Tr.e army remains heie to-morrow to await the arrival of Geli. Worth's division. It is said we do not move towards Monterey be fore ?he day after to-morrow. G. V. K. poles, camp kettles, &c. piivate mules and pack-horses were haruessed camp women, with children at the breast, and of all sizes, packed themselves aud little ones upon Mex ican mules and ponies, and, by daylight, the column was iu motion. The tear guard did not get off until 11 o'clock. The day has been exceedingly warm. We have marched 12 miles, over a country diffetent iu every re spect from any I have ever before seen. The shrubbery and plants ate entirely new to me, with '.he exception of the eternal cactus, which grows all over Mexico iu a hwndicd varieties. 1 ho wild olive, and a wbite-, nmnd-leuled s-hiub wilh pink-colored blossom, cover the mountaius aud table lands. We have cross ed five oi six clear, cool streams to-dav, aud ate now encamped upon the brow of a ravine, down which runs a st)rin brook. Oue side of the ravine is a perpendicular rock of soft imestone, filed wrh slate pebbles, r rom under this rock hundreds of cool springs gush out, and opposite the he'adquartets of the old -r.k i..r. i ;.. ..I.,.,, .....i... r ill 1 uidiiii r, la tl uiiiu oi i uiuj v.nr nn i, about 5 feet deep, thousand men have This stream is full of pataxas (sun-fish) and tiou. We are biv ouacked iu a thicket of trees, or large shrubs, all of which have thorns. To walk through them without stooping and dodging about to avoid the thorn, is impossi ble. Horses and mules are lied by long las so, iu every direction. The whole thicket, as well as the road for half a mile, is filled vvith men stretched out on blankets, chatliug about the probabilities of a fight some pre dicting ihat no such happiness is in reserve for them, whilst othets of more expeiience, think differently. The road to Marin, though hilly, is much smoother than that over which we passed the day before, much of it being as hard and smooth as marble. bystanders aud to the great danger of stampe ding all our horses. Altogether the sceue was extremely diverting, and 1 put it down as a little episode iu the life we have led of late. G. W. K. Camp near Marin, Afternoon of Sept. 17, 1846. J Just as the mail was closing the following proclamation of Ampudia was handed to me. It is the "weakest inveution of the enemy" I have ever seen, and if is unnecessary to say will have no more effect than the fulling of a leaf among our soldiers : Army of the North. Headquarters, Mouterey, fept. 15tb, 1S46. ii is wen Known that the war carried ou to the Republic of Mexico by the Govemmeut of the United States of America is unjust, il legal aud anti-Christian, for which reason' no one ought to contribute to it. The Federal Government having been hap pily re-established, a largo number of Battal lions of the National Guard iu the States of Coahuila, St. Louis Polosi, Guanajuato, Queretaro and others, are ready to be ou the field and fight for our independence. Acting according w ith the dictates of honor and in compliance vv;ih what my country re quires from me, iu the name of my Govern ment I offer to all individuals that will lay down their arms and separate themselves from the American A' my, seekiug protection, they will be well received aud treated iu all the plantations, fauns or towns, where they will first arrive, and assisted for their march to the interior of the Republic by all the authorities on the road, as has been doue wi'h all those that have passed over to us. To all those that wish to seive in the Mex ican army their offices will he conserved and guaranteed. PEDRO DE AMPUDIA. I have no time for comment, as the express rider's bag is closing, bul you ought to hear the laughing his proclamation ha excited in camp. G. V. K. Camp near Monterey, Sept. 19, 12 o'clock, M. ) A fire has been opened this morning from the batteries of the enemy... About S o'clock, Gen. Taylor beiug in advance w ith the two Texas regiments, the Bishop's Palace ap peared iu sight. It is on a conmanding eminence, about n mile aud a quaiter or a mile and a half from the city, aud is strongly fortified vvith a new-made ditch around it plainly visible to tbe naked eye at the distauce even of two miles. A heavy fog hong like a mantle over the city as we neared it, concealing every thing from sight ; but when within a mile ami a half the f.g slowly lifed, and now could plain ly be seen the forts and battel ies of the Mexi- vvas waviug over banner could be cans. The tri colored flag other the maiu fort, but m seen. Gen. Taylor kept steadily on, in vauce, until within some fifteen vards of the cilv, when suddenly smoke from one of the batteries, followed by the loud liooiii of a twelve pouuder, caused a sudden bait. I should have previously said that before the city appeared iu sight a c-haip rattling of musketry anuouueed that our pick ets had come iu collision with iho outposts of the Mexicans. The latter fired a heavy volley at our men, but foituuately no one was killed or wounded The first bail from the batteries fell short, sti iking the ground before reaching the point where we had been baited, tearing up. ihe ground, and then ricocheting along through the chaparral ; the next three or tour were directed with better aim, one bail going over the heads of Geu. Taylor aud staffaud so i lose th it it was at ouce evident that the Mexican gunners bad got the range. The party now moved off. Mai. Mansfield and some ol Ihe . engineer department dispersing themselves singly in iho chaparral and approaching close to examiue the works of the enemy. The firing from the fort continued until the Mexicans had wasted six or eight 9 or 12 potiud shots : the Texau regiment being now ordered to retire out of reach of the batteries and for the purpose of giving their horses water. They did uot leave, however, until they gave shouts of exultation and defiance that might have been heard in the city in this way as any man liviug. Capt Ridge ley and Co. Peyton, while approaching to examine a battery at the edge of the town ou the Caidereyle road, were fired upon by a party of lancers stationed close by neither injured,although the ;scopet balls,"as Ihe boys call them, flew all about them. Major Mans field has now gone in the direction of the Bishop's Palace, for the purpose ofexaminiug ihe woiks in that neighborhood. Teu o'clock, night The engineers, with Graham and Gillespie, have just come iu safe, after proceeding even as far as the Sal tillo roi.d ou the other side of the Bishop's Palace. Major Mansfield reports ihat there are several commanding positions that cau be stormed and taken one a battery of five gun. The intentions of Gen, Taylor will be known to-morrow, but I do uot think that auything will be doue before Monday. 6. V. K. Ampudia's Address to itts Thoops. The following is a translation of Gen. Ampu dia's address to his troops upon learning of the advance of Gen. Taylor upou lhat city, forwaided to us by our correspondent. I he address is conceived in good taste, and it is useful iu showinr ino ,rmiI,,tpH force of the enemy bovaring upou ihe skir of our army, and the estimation in which Ampjdia held Gen. Taylor's troops. Picayune. The General-in-Chief of the Army of the JVorlh to his companions in arms. Soldiers The enemy numbering only 2500 regular troops, the remainder being only a baud of adventurers without valor or discipline, are, according to reliable informa tion, about advancing upon Ceialvo, to com mit the barbarity of attackiug this most im portaut place. We count near 3000 regulars and auxiliary, cavalry, and these w ill defeat them again and again, before they can reach ihis city. Soldiers, wo ate conducting fortifications, to make our base l operations secure, and uence we will sally lorln at a convenient time aud drive back this enemy at the point of the bayonet. Soldiers! three grpat virtues make the sol dier worthy of his profession: discipline, con stancy under fatigue, aud valor. He who at this moment would desert his colors, is a coward aud a traitor to his country. Out whole Nation, and even foreign countries are the witnesses of your conduct. The question now is, whether our independence shall be preserved or forever lost; aud its solution is in your bauds. I have assured the Sopreme Government of the triumph of our arms, confiding iu your loyaltv aud enthusiasm aud we will prove to the whole world that we are vvoithy sons oi ihe immortal Hidalgo, Morelo, Al'ende Itur bide and o many other heroes who kuew how to die combatting fr the independence of our cherished country. the ad- I Soldiers I victory or rleath must be our only bundled device. Pedko rK AyiWhix i dense JJecdquarlerS, JMoHlerttf, Sept- 14, 1S-16. Camp near Marin, Sept 16, 1846. Gen. Taylor ha moved bis camp a league this side of Marin, the inhabitants of which Iu descending into aud rising from the are returning to their homes in squads. It .. .n . .i .u i I i . . :t nt.r4inj -I hmi Lt thml 'Jiifin , 1. i: vrnM, ma noie column, aooui a nine aim a -umtn-, m uuuu buui, auu is half in length, train and all, could be seen well built and oelighttully situated. - . . . . . . . . i i - w inding along the road, - looking in the dis- ucnau a itinny i-ceue in our company lance like automaton figures. Ihe Heroine of Foil Biown, or ' Great Western," is in the crowd. She drives two Mexican ponies in a this afternoon. Two or three of the men while out ou picket, found a mule load of baggage belonging to a Mexican officer. The light wagon, and can ies the apparatus aud animal had probably stampeded during the re- uecessanes for her mes, which now uumbers treat ol the day before, aud loriejou's men about a doze u young officers. There are a were in too great a hurry to hunt up runaway number women alonir, with vounjz children, mules. I he letters W.uud would show that dated into one party; will march early to- One sjldier is leadinii a pony with two little ihe owner was Don lnacio somethiuiT or . u ... ... f - . .u I ..u.r.r . . I .. - . . motion on me iuuic iu i.juriii, lot me purpose ciii.u-en, iwo and tnree years old, strapped I oiner, captain ui me inno company ol Iguana juato cavalry, and to set loith that Don lg- uacio was a man of ome consequence, he bad a scarlet coat of the finest broauVloth. covered with purse silver buttons, ornamented with rich silver embroidery, and upon the breast of which was an order. His can was of blue velvet, richly, ornamented with silver o! repair iug tbe road and rendeung it p;ac- last to the saddle, one ou each side, like pau- tieable lor aitii'ery and wagons. The pio- niers. The poor little things are sadly sun- .leers of each div ision will be undei a subal- 1 buret, and look thin antl half tai ved. but ih.v tern i. I -(---. uviuut.i in, uui, utiu 1 ! n uvj even 1 ue 1 r i n ne laces lue whu.e will be under the command of Capt. are turned iu childish astonishment towards "ig, ovl luf.iutry, who will report to head- the lofry mountains that rise like great clouds rjuantrs ur instructions. J hts pioneer party belore us. Ihe Siena Madre. which vesler- 1 again within they opened -.11. 1 j win ot covered by a nqnadrou of dragoons day gave rise to much discussion in tne col baud and tassels, while his cavalry pantaloons, :itid Capt. McCulloch's company of Rangers, umu as to whether it was a thundercloud or a of blue broadcloth foxed with morocco, had a 1 wo officers u Topographical Engineers, to mountain, appears iu the blight morning suu wide stripe of red down their outer seams, be detai.ed by Capt. Williams, will accom- with all its splendor revealed to us. The Among the baggage was also a mattress, sev- ptaiy the p.iity t-r the purpose of examining height of this mountain is unknown tome, eral pillows the cases of which were elaborate- thcioute. 1 wo n,,Ils wiIl , - , . , . . a, in o'clock, a. m. the white n. Iv worked, and other fine bed fbi-nit...- A ; I ' ' - J 1 ' ----.---ui.- iit-.a . I . . . .. , I ui iiJjHciiuu.ict ai upn:iii,t . r -1 1 t 1 . i l : 1 1 , . 1 11:. 1 1 -c - . ... , r""nu lor tne trans-I ciouas inai appear so uigu ana ury anove us I iu bouiuoii 10 an mis, as u mis were not l.ill:lttilll III Ihp llH.1l - 1. . . I . . , .. - ' i"UkIiui)3 aud kuap- here ou the plain, rest on us side half way euougn, there were some half a duzenred. i-Ld fit ihi mniii'i'i on 1 1 .- I . . . '.I ..... . ' " ... ,l, - -" Irom the base to the summit. Ihe town (, aieeuaud figured petticoats, a dozen pair of 3. 1 tie 1st division w i march r ,o.t .1.. i,..:r. ,.ri: -..k.. ... . . i.o-.ni.f.il lurl nlnb 1.1... 1 ..u:. .-' r- 1 toe m 11 um 111 11 ucuii v uu ol oi iiiiic: uuc; one so ecu i u.u. . ..nv. nun, uiw auu niiiip ism i n el in lo lie to lovvel on sui-p.,; " . ' . . . . , r vs' Jl'C I !Iuj 1 .. I ravobir -t....lh k t , 3 Iffs il ri ro I nP.fS. 1 C ft !AV II f I fl ! II fT n 1 n'VAiv . 1 l . 1 I .... u;o uy 1 ciic: 1 C"uitn 9 pummmu uuu vj 1 7 iu 'ihJA.u - 1 1 j - " m is m AiCcJllV wrOUaUl .1 uu iicri.i iiivi;ir.n ( . 1 . . -. . . . w. 1 1: t 1 . . neiu oivuion nf vtUii m .iK, ..L-z-ii tKot f linen ra-nisA nil ih u;nr.lrr.iv. -.r .... I he headquarters will march wiiS .k ... t. L . :. . . u ..u P-W. . .. .p y 'n - -. . u ctii o ii iv more ueai. xi uas 113 tuuiiii iu 1 g.- nau uuuuuess lottovved Uou m.-t., the 2d div isiou leers. -1 1 - .... 1st d.v uion W.t. v,.. espie w.tb h.h of his ,he middle of one side-its oublic building Igacio to the wars. company, win renon 10 m. ueo. . u,ler ,the wilh courts behind for soldiers, and a few After all this "large and elegant assortment" r r7 w ' .l,SerabI furnisheJ sh where lh sdl hfldbeen peol,tmr orderly sergeaut-tbe Gen. Worth. I hese detachmeul- will be mascot and frihlas son of a member of CoUff,Mi rIWn TenDe. employee '"l" , From thewi.ern limit of Marin you look see-iigged himself out in the showy uniform e,p,c w.m .m hih -UM ucuuqucr- uuw upoil a , . h,,nrfrl iWt oflhe fllcxicau officer, and strung f..r.h t fh- f . r . plain or w'de valley extend to "etail a picket guard, decidedly the best dre H rant il mou"ains, five or six miles "d man in the luvadiug army from General " " " .1 0 T m,,es aid a half fiom laylordown. iu me meantime there were " ' T Q .J.an ,! situated General oibers whogirted the t'oblana's peiticbats about inyior s camp. Although the tree amon" them, and then executed divers Cracoviennss which we are encamped do not look lar and Cachuchas, to the great arnuSe,neai of the ters 4. The 2ufji?ltuce supplies will bedivid d between the three col!imu-, the senior comuii-jsary cf each divisiou receipting for the stores and being charged with their care and rnanagerrjenf. Tbe senior commissaries In an hour's time we were sight of their batter ie, which once more with their heaviest guns ; yet not a man or horse was struck. A 9-pound shot, as it can e bouncing along through the bush close by us, stampeded a pack animal to the great danger aud disarrangement of the bag g;ige this was all the los so far. In ten minutes more, and while their batteries were ill al work upou us, we were ordered lo re-ti-e upon Geu. Taylor, who had encamped the entire Army at some cool delicious springs of water in a pecan grove about three miles from the city. Half-past 2 o'tlod, afternoon. Capt. Pike Graham, with a squadron of dragoons, and Capt. Gillespie's company of Texan rangers, is now out with Major Mansfield and Capts. Saunders and Scanitt, of the Kngineer Department, on a reconnoisance ihe dra- rrriooo anil mncrerA hp i nc sent to summit snirl r e- ei . - ; 1 1 cover them. It is thought the Mexicans have it least fii'ty cautious iu po?i ion. Three o'clock. A heavy firing of artillery, now distinctly heard in camp, would denote that Major Mansfield has been disturbed in the recouuoissaucc. He will go to the Bish op's Palace, however, and into the very city, if the service demands. Gen. Taylor, with all his staff aud other officers, are going out iu an hour to survey the ground between this and the city. Half-past oo'clk. I have just returned from a visit to the woiks of the enemy, a parly of us going almost within point blank range of their guns, but scattering about so that they never could get more than a single man to fire at. They have given Graham's and Gillespie's companies at least a dozen rouuds, but without injuring a man. A heavy ball passed within a fool of one ofthelattet's men, and soclose to the horse that he shrunk almost to the earth. We thought at first that both man and horse were stricken to the ground, but it was only the wiudage of the ball that frightened ibe latter. My old friend, Tom Hancock, of Sauta Fe memory, remarked, that "the Greasers shot uncommon well for them," and he has had as much experiment From theN. O. Conimtricul Tinn s, ! Ol It in5t VERV IMPORTANT NEWS FROM " THE CI I V OF MEXICO. The U. S. slop-of-w or John Adams, Com mander McCloney, bom Vera Cruz, the 25h till, touched off the S. W. Pass on the 7th hist., on her way lo Peusacola. Lieut. Ken nedy, late of the U. S. schr. Forward, came passenger in her, and left her at the 15-dize, arriving in the city yesterday afternoon. Fom this genllenan vre have learned the f.dlowin particulars regarding the Blockading Squad ron: 'Ihe whole of ihe fhee s aud crew of the Truxton. who sur rendered to the Mexi cans, after the loss of that vessel oft'Tuspar, have been released; the officers on parol-, the men under a pledge for a due cx hangp. Capt. Carpenter, the late commander of that ill-fated vessel, Purser Ctrt'e', Mr. lYilkinson, Cap taiu" cleik, and many of her crew came pas se users on the Jfrhti Adam--. Tbe rest f ihe officers aud were taked ou board the store ship Relief, at Antone Lizardo, and were to snl for Peusacola in a lew das after the depar ture of ihe John Adam; she was only await ing' the arrival of the schr Foiward, Capt Nones, which had been despatched to Tus- i-..L I. . ...I- t I . pall, oil tne Zotn int. 10 last: 00 oodio leu or twelve men, who had been left there sick by Capt Carpender, when he left for Tampico after surrendering himself aud crew. The U. S. Irigate Raritau, Capt Gtegory, from Peusacola, and the steamer Yix.cn from JN. York, arrived off Vera Cruz ou the 22d ull ; the lauer having on board Com M. C. Perry. The marine wh was tried, fund guiUv, a ud sentenced to die, for sinking Lieut. Pay. lor, of Ihe loop-cf war St. Maiy's, was huu, at the vard-arm on board that vessel ou the 29;h ult. The schr. Fliri, Lieut. Sinclair, had sailed lor Norfolk, Va., lor tepairs. The brig Porpoise was on a ciui.-c to the South- water; tne rvuiieis anu 01. .tlaiy s weie blockading Vera Cruz- The remainder ol the squadron were at Saerifieio, where there were lying at anchor several foieign meu-of war. CITY OF MEXICO. In addition to the intelligence which we have given iu the pre ceding paragraphs, we have learned from an other source some incidents of considerable interest to the public, which have lately trans pired iu ihe interior of Mexico. Santa Anna, as it appear, has suddenly become ihe chief head, and hope of ihe war party to Mexico, whic h indeed, to say the truth, embraces nearlv tha whole of the popu tive power, or Dictatnrshin 'I'k:- 1 . .-. ma oiier was made on the part of the provisional Govern ment organized by General Silas, after the fall 01 Paredes. c Santa Anna replied immediately to ifc0 mission of his partisan, Almonte, yyho is said to be body aad soul deyoted to the interests of his patron. He eviuces consideiable r luctance to profit by the generous confi dence exhibited toward him by his country, men; he declares that he cannot accept the offer made him of becoming Chief of the Republic. His ouly desire, he protest, is to occupy the post to which he hns been nomi nated, and which he hus assumed, that of Commander-in-Chief of the Army, for the purpose of leading it in person ngaist ,Be "peifidiou" foe who is now ravishing her very hea.t. He says that in his exile, ho heaid thevoice of his country calling on him lo delend her, aud ho hastened horn; to be em ployed in lhat mission. This correspondence is shrewdly supposed to be pait of a drama, the end of which is to raise this seemiugly patiiotic, but really am bitious aud unscrupulous mau, to the supremo Dictatorship. On the 13th ultimo, then, Santa Anna or. rived at the capital, amid rejoiciugs more en thusiastic than had ever been witnessed be fore. The people seem t behold in him their savior, and were almost frantic with joy. The testimonials of attachment to bis person were unbound d. The next day the most vigorous measure', so far as declarations go, were taken by the Provisional Government. A levee of 80,000 men recruit Ihe army was ordered. Requisitions were forthwith traumittcd to al! tbe principal places in the Republic, for an immediate furnishing of their respective quotas of men. Fuebla, and ihe whole of the towus within a circuit of fif ty or sixy leagues of tbe metropolis, are stat ed to have complied wiih the requisition for Mien, with ihe grea.est alacrity. To facili tate the arming aud equipping of this large body of troops, the Government have ordered lhat duties on ull munitions of war shall cea?e to bo levied, ti'itil further notice. In view of this extensive armament of the Mexicau people, aud putting implicit faith in the t uth of the preceding news, (of their authenticity we cau have no reasonable-doubt, from the main mukco through which they 1 each u.-) it would be madness lo temporize atiy longer w iih this i 11 fa I oa led people. He has counselled his countrymen to-a war a oufrance to draw the swerd and fling away he scabbard to combat for existence which means to exterminate or expel us froui the .-oil. A little war im would be MHz indeed; vie should put forth-our slreug'.h as become a lh greatue-s of, tne Republic, and reserve ur magnanimity for the hour of victory, for in no way ciii the Mexicans be ttcnted with, but as pti'diate and suppliants. A rumor was current in town veser-l.vv, that Gen. Lh Vega, new in this city, hal de ceived a letter from General Ampudia, Mating lhat SaiMa A una, w lh fifteen thousand men, was oti Lis mar h to attack Gen. Tajtc-r breaking ihe armistice. latiou. He is now, or was at fc'tesi oics, in the city of Mexico, arranging the plan of au extensive campaign agamst the several ifnrmee. organizing, recruit- RAIL ROAD MEETING IN ANSON. Pursuaut to a shot I notice, a number ofVn& citizens of Anson, and fiom other counties,, met in the. Cmul House at Wadesboicx Wm. Ii. McCotkle, Fsq was called to the Chair, and A. Ii. Smith appointed Secretary. The Chair man having explained the object of the meeting, S. W . C-le, Ej-q., offered ibw following resolutions, which were uuauimous- ly adopted : Whereas, it is believed that the; interests of the Statu of Noith Carolina ive intimately eounei tr-d with llv continual i n of the Ral eigh and Gaston Railroad, so as to form ; couiiectioii wiih rbc fiaij iu progress cf coti- slructicti to Camden in South Caioliuu ; aud that ihe project i oue which ioght to enll for a heartv response 1'iom all pn I ions of our Slate lying on or near the proposed line. Resolved, That ihi meeting feel a deep interest in ihe success of ihe undertaking, uot only n account of its beneficial influence on the interests of the State at la'ge, but upon us as pi iviite c it izens. K soiled, That we approve of the conrcn tiou pinposcd to "be hll in the town of F) etteville, on the 4'h November, proximo, (of the purpose f futtheiing this object. ilesolved, In pursuance of the above rc.-o-lutious, that thechaiunau appoint 30 dt lega'ts to icpicsHit. ibis county iu said Convention. 1 11 pursuance of tho last resolution, ibe chairman appointed the following gentlemen delegates: A Myers, D L) Daniel, Col W P Johnson, II B Hammond, J R Harrave, T S A. -he. Col G D B' ggan, S V Cole, V E Troy, J B Ii gram, J It ull, David A Covitig ton. Geo Ditulap, Dr W I denning. Col J White, A J Dargatt, Jas Wall, B J Dutllap, J P Smiih, D C Lilly, N Beverly, M J Pickett, E Nelms, Cleuifiit Marshall, IValter R Leak, P Richardson, Win Allen, Esq. The Chairmau was then, ou motion, added to the delegation. The meeting was addressed by J. R. Har. jrive, Col W L Steele, John W Camerou, E,iq , and Cd. Wnddill. Tho laM speaker closing hi remarks by a veiy pressing invi- l.ition to lire delegates 10 attetiu tne conven tion, aud pledging them, iu behalf of ihe citi zens of Fayettevtlle, a cordial aud hospitable reception. The meeting then adjourned. W. u. McCORKLE, Ch'n. A. B. Smith, Sec'y. - not only of the capital, but the wtiole country, with a view to meet the danger tnai inreatens Mexico wiih the encouraging, exhorting the inhabitants whole of her defensive ie- source. ... . . We fiud ihat Santa Anna bad at length quitted his retreat hi Hacienda where he bad been no doubt lying by for the opportune moment to arrive when he could best exhibit him self to the inhabitants of the capital, and prof it by their enthusiasm, pushed to an extreme by their alternate hopes and fears. On tbe 14th ultimo, be reached Azolta. a small town distant teu or twelve leagues (to 11 : the cilv of Mexico. Here he received a communion. tion from Almonte, the ad interim Secretary m i ur, proposing 10 aim we supremo Exccu The Remains op Col. Watson. Tbe Independent Blues have appointed Sergeant Samuel S. MilL to proceed forthwith to Mou terey, to bring ou the remains of their late commander, Col. Wm. II. Watson. Ball. Sun. , 1 Female Ingenuity Ha'per, the murderer of Merediih, broke jail in Missouri and escaped. This ' done by ihe assistance of his wile. She being in the habit of visiting him, furnished him with an auger, a rope and one of her dresses Hanging some of her clothes gaiofct the wall, knowing they would not be touched, she coutrived to work our ibe mortar and bricks therefrom, Varryiog them out daily concealed about her person. None ever thought ol t x amiuing her. The result was the escape j her husband. Ho was arrested subsequently.