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4 "CHARACTER is AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO IVPtYIBUALS; AID THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS TIIE COMMON PROPERTY Or ITS CfTJ3ENS. n s I i 4 t 4 1 4 4 BY VV3I II BAYNE COMSTOCKH SARSJ1PJ1RILLJ1. Of superior qua lit), and half the price of any other. For (lie cure of scrofula, general debility, ecu! erupt ions of tlic skin, pimples r? pui:u'( on tlic fac; bi es from an impure habit of the body, pain and swellings of the bodv, and all diseases artsinu froti n liupare stale of the b'.ood, chronic rheuma mitistn, cutaneous di?ca?et, tetter, mercurial or t.ypliil.iid disease, ulcerations of i he throat and I s, fiver u3 ctions, exposure and "unpiutlence in lite, excesses in the use nf m'-renry, &c. Sold only by S J Hinsdale in FaiettcvilJe. DEAFNESS DR McN AIR'S ACOUSTIC OIL The deaf from infancv, often receive in a nmft miraculous manner tbeir hearing w hen they least expect it, by the use of this Oil, hich shows tht ni how asily fhey mitjt uMijfi sooner have, had their healing ai d s..ved themselves and slit-ir fnends the Cain ol couvcrsinahi a loud tone, without pleasure, or f b in" nelf i d and shunned, t r. void that I'jstress whidi is fi It inrfnalfy by the deaf person and his heaier-o. Hu- Sacred a duty tin n r-it i, that we uc all necessarj- means l rinmve Mich an 4ilU clion.and e j-iy this social pialilie implant ed in our iiHiurts ! This Kar Oil hi.s the t IF, el .-o li relievo the tMishm, ami b inr int i use Un natural action of die aris, a- to restore the hear ing when lat or imp i e l. This is ptoved by so many ic.l Known ca-i-s, that where known, it nce s no praise. '1 lie irr al wirh of the proprie tor is, that each may speak to oth r ot iis un coininon virtu s, lib Fiiff rers may know and be rel eved and rt stored by its use ! Kiiwuhy my signature on the flask. Price, 1 nerfl.sk. DONALD McN AIR, M.I). CoUftock & Co, New Yoik, arc the whole salers ot this Oil. SuW in P.iyeltcville by S J Hinsdale. A Boon lo all Families and Sufferers. Proof ton plain to be doubted and too stronir to he denied is obtained that all the lo-lowing ar-cur-d by LIN'a BALM OF C HIM A, namely : IJ.irns, cl.i.bl iin-, left'-r, ulcer, cuts, sure throat, h i ihcr' n h, sure eyes anil bds, lie chWoreux, obi m;jij, s -re ni pies, while .' Ilioj;, scalds, chafe, pim,.e, fi.-itu'ii bi uisea, w Inflows, carbuncle, Son Ii, ague in face and breast, prickly heat, i on 1 I) mils, general n.f s, Iro-tml p irts, chips, felon, erysipil.i.-, stiain, pi es, eruption, iheiimalisui, le ver sore--, broken nrtast, bl.-j red i;r!a s. For liiirns it is a specific. (li-i tii n Will any buni'tne man risk tin- lives ol his "children by ne uii-ct to keep tb:s ba'in alway." al hiind? It is omd f r so many things that no honfe slionld be with cut il. Let nil lu ed this warning. I'riee 60 cts, or 6 ho lies lor $2 5lt. Sold In Faettei!le by S. J. tiinidale. Hay's Iinimenl Jbr tht t'litS. P.li-s ciT dually enn d by this certa-n renVCdv T he sate ot this nrije e is ytViitlilv ! easing, not withs'anlin iuijiid'on ol it lb'- many counterfeits pot up i Pi tmhis Ironbb d "n-ith this d:strts sjnt: cii'i'p'ii i lit, declare that they would not be wiihoiif this 1'iei aiiiln ii in their houses for tin- (rice often boxes. The pub'ic will r-collect thai this is only u niedy fl 1 d tlitm II at isinralit of any value whiitcer. th I;us where il is known, every family has it in their hclu-e. Ifc price is not considered at all. It is nbovp all priee. C instock &Co., 23 Ootirt lanfjt Ffrect,iSi w York, sob' propi ietors. Sob I only by S J Minsda'e in f ayrTtevi'le. Oldridge's Balm of Columbia far the Hair. It positive qualnics are as follows : 1st For ml. nit-, ke ping them free from scurf and c.iiusin.' a 'uxtn i.uit ornwth of the hair. '2d - For hi i"s after chihi-biith, rftorinihe skin to its iisu.il strciighth ai;) firmness and pre veoliii!! the- ta ling out of the hair. 3 I For auv nerson recovering f,t)rn -any debili ty, the -amc IT ct is prodmcid, 4i h I! "used in infancy ti l a started, it may be reserved by good grow tli is altentii u to I he latest period of I le. 5tli I: frees the head from dandruff, strength ens the roofs, imparts healih smd vigor to the cir culation, and invents the hair from changing col -or or getting ray. Gth It causes the ha'r to cur! beautifully when done no the over ni"ht. 'ZJ" No ladi loilet should ever be made without it. Tin Children who h:ive bv any mean? contract ed i-ermin in th- heiid, aie imn ediately ard per fectly cured o! lhem by its use. It is infallible. Sold only by S. J. Hinsdale in Fayttteville. JUnlher's Relief Indian Discovery. All expecting to ben me mothers, and anxioi s t avoid th pains, dislr-ss, nndlan-rs child hearing, nit- earnestly entreated to calm their tears, allay He ir nervousness, and soothe iheir wav I'V the use of tl-.i most extraordinary vegetahle'pro d lit ion. Th'ise who will camiidly b?erve its vir'iies, muM approve ot ii in iiu tr ii'-nrts; everv kind and afleclionate husband will feel it hTs in st sob mn duty to alii vi ite the distress his w i't is exposed to. hv a safe and certain method, which is the i s-- ol Mother's Rein I Further" particulars ju Pnmphh-fs intinded fr.i the Fem Eve li fie had gratis w he re this hu mane Cordial is to be found. The Moth. rs Relif is prepared, and sold, by tin- now sole proprietors, Lon.stoik & Co, ISAAC S. SMITH M D. Graduate of the New York Stale Medical Col le.je, and Public Lecturer on the Theorv and Practice of Medicine. Orders mny be addressed to them, 21 Conrt- lanilt street, New l ork. Certificates, and further rat lieu la rs, can be seen where the Rcli-f is so'd. Sold only by S. J. Hinsdale in Fayttteville. 2 Certain and Permanent Cure for Salt Rheum, DrC IlUnc HILL'S ITALIAN WHITE WASH Will Cure Salt Rheum, Titters, Ring Worms, ami all Diseases of the Skin. It excels a l other medicines, producing" a eon -stitutfonal and Ugiino cure by acting on the bo wels by absorption thrn.,gh the pores of t!i skin, nd happily combining a local and gen, ral .ff-ct. Directions with each hottlo. Ei,i En . u.. n .-o. , ., A. fin p. "t cents. ork. Sold only by S. J. Hinsdale. Febroary G, 1S47. Co, New CO.SWELTS MAGlCJiL TRACTOR. P-tf.Y EX- The marvellous cures which have been wroUht by this all-healing ointment, and the almost in credible amount of suffering which has been reliev ed by if, are too we'l known by the public to ad mit it any oouDt ol its wonderful properties in subduing all pain or suflcting from burns or scalds, and always healing in an incicdible short time and never leaving any scar. If" a puled to broken limbs they heal without pain, or soreness. Comstock & Co., XSew XorK, sole Proprietors and no Pain Extractor is genuinu unless it has their signature on the wrapper of each box. Price '-5 cents, 50 cts. and $ I per box. All clergymen mpp'ied gratis. Sol J in FiyettcviMcby S. J Hinsda'c nly Agent. oruary t, ig$7. JOSEPH S. DUNN offers his ser- vices as unde taker and builder, to the citizens or others, disposed to contract for building or jobbing Terms liberal. LOOK HERE. Roundsliaves & Axes. The Subscriber continues to msinu'acture his celebrated Shaves, so favorably known to Turpen tine makers fur the last three yea . They can be had a mv shop, or aMhe stores eif P.Tajlor or T. S. Luttr-rh'h Turpentine Axs repaired at the shoitest noti e. No Shave? are genuine unlets branded L. Wood. LEVINE WOOD. Due. 19, 1S46. 409-6m. JPHINTS ONlY. SPRING STYLES, 184'. LUIS & 3P.E7f STEE, 44 cl:dar street, NEW YORK. Beir I ave to inform Dealers in Dry Goods, that they have r ceivd, and are now exh bi'injr, at lor PHE WAREHOUSE EXCLUSIVELY PRINTED CALICOES, 5QQ Cases, (JoiniH i.sin all th New Spring: Styles, Of British, French and American JMavvfaclure ; w neb, m ADDITION to their u?ual stck, ren ders llnir assortment one of t he most beautiful and aWTaetive in the city ; and having just been pur- ' "8CASII AND SHORT CREDIT, Are offered ty the piece or package on the same terms, ni and below manufacturers prices. Catalogues t if prices (corrected daily) are placed in tin; hands of buyers. Purchasers v i I inform themselves of the state o me m.irkt. and be well repaid lor an examina tion, even if ih'-y do not pmchase. L. & B. h ive peculiar advantages for executing ord rs tor prints, w hich sire respectfully so'icited. L.h.hi & UKKWS I KK, 41 Cedar Strer t. New York, Jan. 9, 1347. 3S-y. JOHN C. LATTA, Commission Merchant J A'D GENERAL AGENT, WILMINGTON, N. C. THE WAR. Highly interesting particulars of the capture of Iajor Borland's command, miraculous escape oj JMr Henri, erio travelled six days U'tlhout food. Particulars of LA Rilchey's murder, fyc. SaUTIKLO, (eaptul of C'huilii, Mexico ) Felmmiy 1, 1847. To the Edilor oj the Union : The letlei I wrote yi n, wad;iled the 16 h of Uti eniher. Geti. Wonl, uilh th ceiiie division of liie army l Jlexica, was ihen encamped hefone the ci'y of PHrrus, 115 miles N. of . from Saitili-t- The following day he received, by rxpiess, a Icitcr from Gen. Worth, who, wiih hi' biinde, was ihi-n occupiinjj this cily, stating; ihnt, Ihkii ihe best iti tot matiou he could teceive, tht- Mexican forces contemplated an attack upon him, hich. if made, would takf place m a very lew days; and he desired Ueu. ool to join him with all his troops, as soon as possible. Ihe cetitie Iiviio took np M line ofmarch that veiy atttinooii, and, in lour da, had taken jiosl 2J miles in advance of (ieneial Woilh, on the great highway to ban Luis Polosi, and at a strong pass near Agun ISueva. 1 he intellioeni-e Gen. Worth had received piovcd to he iticonect ; hut still it was deem ed advisable thai Gent Wool's whole foice should remain within suppoiling distance of Sahillo, rather than retrace its steps towaids Parras. Soon after, the main body ol Ihe 1 1 oops encamped at La Iocnntada, an easily defended pass 12 miles south of Salllllo while ihe cavalry was posted in fhe advanced positions of Pains on the Dmano road; San J mill de la Vaquetia. on that leading to Znea-Uea-; aud at Agua Nueva, Gen. V ool's tisl position. Gen. Wmih .-till occupied Sahillo, and poiiious of the Indiana aud Kentucky troops weie thiown into the passes to pie northward of the town. The whole were romniaiided by Mij.i Gen. W. O. Buller, who anived at Sahillo from Monterey just befi.ie len. U ool aimed from Partas. Our spies t outiivcd by some ajiparenlly reoular system, lo give us an alarm of tht advance of the enemy, eveiy Friday from lhat before Christmas U l me present moment. About the 14 h ult.. it was reunited that 18.0OO Mexicaus wte on ihe road, and within a lew leagues ot our foremost position. At the!! time a battle was confidently expected to take place ou Friday, the loth; but, like all the other alarms, this, too, subsided, ai.d, (or two or three days again, everything wa quiet However, it was ordered that the principal roads leading from San Luis Potosi should be leconnoilred for some distance by our mounted troops aud Major Gaines, Capt. Cassius M. Clay, and L.teut Davidson, ol Col. Humphrey Marshall's regiment of Keu tticky cavalry ; Mnjor' Borland, and Captain Diiutey, of the Aikausas mounted gunmen, and eighty men selected Itotn tdeir severa regtmeuts, were detailed lor that seivice one party under Major Borlaud lo proceed directly down the Saw Luis road from Aua Nueva the other uuder Major Gaines lo take the raionvas Paso, and makinv a lare detour to the left; 1 fall iuto the Potosi trace near EstauqueU Vaca hair.way from Agua Nueva ? iW"!l5io" "ud bo 70 miles from bahiHo. rbe two commanda performed this service without meeiiog wi,h a for and united at ihe Jtauqoe U Vaca, and from FAYETTEVILLE, SATURDAY, MARCH 20. 1847. theuce marched together to Encarnaciuo, 30 miles nearer Sau Luis Potosi. Major Gaiues being the senior officer present with the two detachmeut, became their command er when they were united. On the 21si iust, ibe whole paity pushed on towards Solado, where ihe Maj..r expected he should Hud a Mexican piquet which he hoped tu capture. It was his desire, tberefo e, to reach that place in the nighi in wilder lo surprise whatever of Ihe enemy might be ihere; but after proceed ing three leagues in advuuee of Eucatuaciuu he ascertained at a ranche that from Ihe great distance it would be impossible to do so, and be changed his detei initiation, and fell back again to Ei.camacion ; being likewise urged to the latter course by a lettible storm ofiaiu which then et in. Afier bis tellVn to Eficaruacion, he pul all his r(,ops iu ihe hacielida, barricaded the doors and windows, and placed large stones ou ihe parapet wall imo ediately above, to be thrown down upon Ihe herds of any paitv who should attempt to farce ihern. Eighleen men were ihen detailed foi guaid, six senli uels al a time being on duly at ihe various points on ihe lop ol, aud about Ihe hacienda. The uiht wore away without anything having transpired lo disturb i&e little garrison until 2 o'clock ou the morning of ihe 22d, when one of the seutineis staled he thought he had heaid Ihe clanking of arms. All the officers immediately got up, nnd seached iu every direction about ie place, but could tiud nothing which could have occasioned the alarm, except the tude machinery nnd jing ling chains ol two wells, from which wate was pn-coied for the supply of the estate. This machinery was kept iu motion night and day by a number of mules ; aud all ihe offi ver, and even the sentinel -himself, al' length hec.idie satisfied thai its noise was what he had mistaken for .b-at of arms, when quiet was again restoied, and all retired again, bul the six men on pot. Wtaeti day light appeared, to the astonish ment of the whole parly, the haciend.i was entirely surrounded by the cavalry of the en emy, and distant ou every side from a half lo thiee quarters of a mile. A consultation wa im mediately had upon Ihe best course to be pursued under these unhappy circumsiances, and all at fir.t delei mined to defend Iheir position To the last, and iu the mean lime to seno some man to lurce, It possible, nis way through ihe enemy to alarm our troops at Sal lillo, lhat they might come to the rescue. A Mr Dan. D. Hemic, who was wiih Major Gaines as an interpieler, aud who, as oue of the Mier prisoners, had been taken lo ihe cu.-lle of Peiote, and escaped from iheie with Geu. Gieen, was the man selected for this service. He immediately prepared his horse- for the occasion, but before eveivlhin wis eady for his depaiturp, Major Gaines called o him from the lop of the hacienda lo stop, as a white flag was coming in from the enemy, and he wi-hed flemie to come up iheie aud interpret for him. The flag was borne by a stihalteri) accompanied by three men, oue of whom was his interpreter. Afler it had ap proached withiu speukiug distance, it was halted, when ihe iutepreter who was with il, said to Maj Gaines lhat he was surrounded by 3,1)00 tegular Mexican cavalry, under the command of Geu. Minon, who desired thai ihere should be tio sacrifice of life, aud who w ished Maj. Gaines lo come uud bold a par- ey with htm to airauge some teims of capttu- atioii, piomisiug, at the same lime, au officer ol equai tatiK to remain unn me Americans as a hostage duiin the absence of their com mauder Mio' Games went to the place wheteGcu. Miuoii was, taking with him Mr Henrie as his interpreter. The general aud his interpreter aimie were present at ihe in terview, the other officers being at a distance aud beyond ear-shot. Gen. Minon then told the Major lhat he was surrounded by a force over 3,0U0 strong thai the troops were atl irr sight, aud he could c ount them, if he pleased. That if he would surrender, his whole force hould be treated as prisoners of war; for which he pledged the honor ol his nation aud his own at the same lime savin", if his pro mise was imi kept, he would resign his com mission. He also said that Ihe officers hould he allowed to i eta in iheir horses, aud the nmj'r his arms. That Mi Henrie, who had already been recognized s one ol the Mier ptisoueis, should he tegaid-d as a pii- I l-l .-l 11 L souer l wai ai-o, auu mat ine itiexicau wno had been forced to at I as the majoi's guide, should have a fair dial. Major Gains' iheti returned to the hacienda and made known to his officers the proposals of ihe general. aud ihey unanimously agreed to accept them iheir hope of a successful resistance be coming lost when thev were informed by the major of the true numbers of their opponents, and the strength of their positions on the vari ous roads. The Americans theu ma-ched out and surrendered their arms the Mexi dans gathering well in atound them the m?au while. No sooner had this been d'-nt', than the man who acted as Major Gaines's guide, was allowed five minutes lo confess himsell u a priest, wheu a party of men shot him on the spot. One hundred aud fifty men were then de tailed as a guard to the Americans atl of whom were dismounted but ibe officers aud .their horse and horse equipage tatcn posses sion of by the enemy. The whole remained at Encamacion the 22d During that day many of the officers of the Mexican army look from our soldiers their blankets, and whatever else uVy desired throwiug them a dollar or so, as pavtnent for what tbv thus obtained. Ou ihe morning of ihe 23d, the pisouers took up their line of march for San LiUls roiotM. jsunng mat nay several 01 cumslances trnnspiied, which led o-jr officers to believe that the Mexicaus intended to shol Mr Hemic, and all of ihern urged upon him the necessity of escaping if possible. Maj u Gaines gave hi tboiough-bred mare nnd his two pistol, which eii ill remained iu the hol sters of the raddle, and told hjui t make a dash ihinu'gh ihe guard the first good oppor tunity that should present itself for so doing. Mr Henrie had been allowed to retain his owu horse, which ihe mnjor mounted al the same time Henrie mounted the ware, and the exchange was not noticed by itre Mexicans, or its purpose suspected. Just as the day's march was tieaily completed, Mr Henrie slackened his pace aud kept falling bark of the prisoners, preteirdiug al the same lime to ho adjusting Iheir files, until he had got ucar ly.to the tear of the column, wheu, in an iu slantj he sturcfc sjiurs lo the flanks of his noble animal, aud, qiick as thought, he broke through the few sentinels Mill remaining be hind aud, before they could recover iheir surprise, was neatly out of gun shol tipon the road back. A parly followed him as closely as possible. He had to pass ihree ranches bef ore he arrived near Locaruncion agaiu, fiom each of which a fresh paity of ranchero joined in the pursuit. From the last, a few men look a uearer road across the mountains and gave ihe intelligence of Henrie's escape to Gen. Minon, who immediately covered every road in the valley with parlies of men 1o take him as he came around. Henrie knew nothing of this near road, or of the men who had gone upon it, aud befoie he even suspected his approach lo Kncartiaciou was iu danger of discovery, he found himself iu ihe very midst of Ihe parties who had been stationed lo intercept him. Through them be hid to tun a gauntlet for miles no sooner clearing oue, ami getting out of reach of i 3 me, than another commenced upon him. When he anived near the Estauquo del Vaca, be had left bis pursuers far behind, and supposed he had no further difficulties to en couuler for tht) iet of the way in ; but before he had passed ihe" tjstauq io a mile, he met several mounted piquets of the enemy, appa rently on iheir return from near Agua Nueva. They discovered him, aud at otice endeavor ed lo cut him off. Iu order to get clear from them, tve was obliged lo lake a trail at almost light angles from ihe road and leading away to the southeast the Mexican p'rqnels after hi in iu ht pursuit. He continued in lhat direction, as he supposed, all of forty miles, when he struck iuto a huge valley, where the poor animal wno naa Dome nun tnrougn all these pei ils gave out, and he was obliged to po.-sue his way on foot. The piquets had been dropped out of hearing long before he reached Ihe valley, aud he now felt compara tively safe fiom them, having but lidle to fear, except Ihe danger of starving or peiishing foi want of water, belore he should be able to get iu. For a long ime he waudeied around this valley, endeavoring lo tind some outlet, but was unable to do so, aud at last was ob liged to come back upou the same trace by which he had entered il, to the Ustauque de It Vaca, wheu be sbutk Ihe main road again; aud on the 29th iusl., at day-break, met our piquets six miles iu advance ol Agua Nueva, where he was funjisbeiJ wiih a horse, aud on that day came iurO' ibis city. For ihe whole lime, from the evening of the 23d until his arrival at Agua Nueva ou the 29th, he had not tasted oue drop of water or a mouthful of food, except a solitary rat, which he had the good foitutie lo kill while wandeiiuu about ihe valley, aud a part of which he had still with him wheu he fell in wiih our troops. 1 have given you the particulars of Major Gaines's capture and of Heufie's escape, as he repotted them o me; hiI'J so far as I can judc from a knowledge of a part of the facts, 1 believe they are couect. Since writing the foregoing, Col Humphrey Marshall has been at my quartets, and fiom him I learned of the captu e of still another of our reconnoitring parlies by Geu. Miaou's command. At the lime of Mjor Gaiues' departure on ihe duty belore alluded lo, a la g poiM.ni of the Kentucky cavalry lay encamped at the Pa.ma.s pass, ten miles east ofSalillo. After time eimuuh had elapsed for Ihe n lion of Ma jor Gaiues,aiid rindiiig he did not come back, Lieut. Col. Fields cjeiached another crimand of one captain, one ..ubirrierii, two sergeuuis, three c.opoial-, and eleven privates, to eaicti for him. This parly took the same, road the major had at fi'sl marched upon. Alter pro ceeding 30 miles,il arrived at a small hacien da called San Antonio, just at night This il surrounded before auv of the inmates had escaped, Capt. Heady, who was iu command of the party, determined that none of the peo ple residing at Ibe hacieuda should leave nu- lil after he should himself s'ait ihe following moruiug, feaiiug they would convey intelli gence lo ihw enetuy. During the eveuing, bul before dark, Ihe Mexicans got up a lime bull fight for the amusement of the troops; and, taking advantage of a time when Ihe animal was oul-ide of the line of euliuel., oue of its pursuers managed to escrpi. He, no doubt, carried information lo the enemy, for duriutr the night the hacienda was sur- .nnuilod hv 1.500 noons, and every man of Captain Heady's command was captured. Col. Marshall gave me a listed" their names, which are as follows : Captain I leady, commanding; Lieutenant Chu-chill: Sergeant J. W. Owiugs, -nd J. White; Corporals James Springer, George Sharp, and James Kemp; private A, Alex ander, G. Bur net I, J. F. Bell, VV. A. Clark. lie NoriMndi, R. Thomas, J. W. Levau, J O. Stalman, J. Vidit. J. Marshall, and W. Thomas. J btlieve they were captured ou irre uigm ..I ine Z7in lustaU.. So y..u pei ceive the euemy ure ruinii.o in around o full us iir-ai as is at all comloitable or pleasant Colonel Marshall anived heie ihe 3Uit of Jan. from Mouf euy, and gave me some .i th. dreadful murder of Lieutenant Jnh;i A. R it hey, of ihe 5:h legiment United St.ie in frtUt'y, who had been for the list few we. k m duty with one of the companies of the 1 dragoons; recetitly stationed in this city. Upon the9(h ol Jui.ua y certain despatches from Geu. Scoll foi Geu. Taylor anived at Monlciey-, and it was necessity they should be forwarded at once. It was not then known whether Geu. Taylor was at Viet. in, or had gone further down toward Tampicu; but Col. Marshall voluuteeied, with oue hun dred of his regimeut. to find the general and deliver the despatches lo him, wnerever he might be. His offer was accepted, and ou lhat day be started lor Victoria. Up m the 11th of JanoH'V, while upon the road, hi receie.f a note l oin Lieut, iiichr y i-queiiog thai h. Col. M.J would hall at M"iehs, miii! he could come up wi h him; at Ihe same time stating lhat he had in bis jrossessioii a mail supposed lo CnUtaiti ktteis uud papers of great importance, which were destined for Ihe army at Ycilutia. Col. Marshall did bah as Mr Richey desired, and dtning the course of ihe next day he came dp, having as an an e?co t a parly of ten 1st dragoons. He delivered into Col. Marshall's cae the mail, bat never said a wotd of his rpmug .-till in his possession any despatches from Geueial Butler for General Taylor, although he knew Colonel Marshall himself was beaierofver important ones from General Scoll. Colonel Marshall inquired of Mr Richey if he intended to proceed still further ouward or to return, aud he replied he would go on, as his toad was to Mutauioios his company being uu der orders for Tampic, for which place it had slatted from Saltillo on the Tin of Jan. aud was theu ou the road to Camargo with General Worth's brigade. Mr Richey then travelled wiih Colonel Marshall's command for two days, living with him at his tent. On iheir wny from Liuares to Villa Grande Cap tarn Thomas F. Marshall's horse gave out, and the comrnaud was halted for a while Col. Marshall and Capt. Marshall proceeding to a hacienda a few hundred yards fiom the road to put chase nuolher. While going ihilher, Col. M. says he saw Mr Richey tak lug his paity around a point of chapparal, n be supposed, to have his horses graeed; bu uatv- wua9 uuujniU tiAfii iiiicnu t wi'Ls he weut directly ou to Villa Grande, to which place he had reason to believe Col. M. in tended to march that uight. Col M. bo we ver, after haviug proceeded to within five miles of that place, halted aud eucumped. I he next morning be moved on, aud, on en tering the village, was informed by ihe sei geaul of Mr Richey 's paity that the lieutenant had been missing ever since Ihe night before That wfien he arrive.! at Villa Grande, be had s opped with his men at the house of a Mexi can named Antonio Sanchez, situated upon the Pl-iea ol thu town, where he had announc ed thai Col. M. with his command would be up lhat utghl. That after he had eaten his supper, he bad walked out with an Engli-h cnau named McGill, aud had uol beeu heard from or si eu agaiu. Col. Marshall immediately directed in quiries as to the stopping place of this man McGill, and lound it to have been a little xacal, or but, situated in the suburbs of the town, full half a mile from the Plaza; and up on inquiring" of the proprietor of it, where the Englishman had gone, was told he had left the night belbre at 12 o'clock; that pre vious to bis going away, be had expressed apprehension for his safely seemed greatly agitated, and instead of going to Linares, where his journey lay, and upon the road to which Col. M. was encamped, he had gone in an entirely different direction towards Fresno. Col. Marshall's suspicions were at once aroused against McGill, as being iu some way concerned with the sudden dis appearance of Mr Richey, particularly when lie learned that an arriero had informed one of his men that he had seen MeGilt and an other white man euter the xacal together ; and Irom which he had n tseen theni depart, althcTttrrfh he had encamped n-ar by for ihe whole niirht. Colonel M- rrovv imagined 'hat Mr Richey must have b?en murdeied, and McGill and the owner of the xacal were in some way participators in causi ig his death ; and as a means of "retting ihe truth out of the latter, he determined to hang him up. This he did do. Before be was dead, how ever, he was taken down and again question ed, but still denied ail knowledge of what had become of Mr Richey at the same time alleging he had never even seen htm. Col onel M. then determined to take him as a prisoner to Victoria, trr order that General Tavlor himself misfit decide upoW the case. He aUo arrested the first alcalde of Villa Grande, and took him along likewise. He told the second alcalde that if upou his re turn McGill .was found, the first should be released. Colonel M. then went on. He fund General Taylor at Victoria, who, in a few days, returned t Monterey. When the general arrived at Villa Grande, he ascer tained that Mr Richey had been murdered as Colonel Marshall had -opposed hi body having been found at some distance from the town- An American, named Dr Thompson a resident of Hidalgo, was present when ii was discovered. It appeared from an ex amination of the remains, that the murderers had at first lauoed Mr Richey, and had then galloped away to this f pot, dragging hU body over the earth, and tearing it in the most shocking manner; that they then stab t Volume 7 Xnniber 422 bed him twice in the hack, stripped him nd robbed him of the important Utspatchcs of .which he was the bearer ; and then, not be -ing satisfied wim what they had already bine, mutilated his it mains most barbarous iv. Dr Thompson had Ihe body browthi to iO'ii,ani jjnre it a Christim burial. Gen faylor imq:ediaiely instituted the most dili gent search fr 1 lie murderers. McGdl had htcn t.iken by the seC'.nd alcalde,- nnd brought b:uk ; hut strange as it might hetttr, upon heinir t xin ined by lh' gVCil, was believed not to have been guilty, and allow ed lo go agaiu. Al length, by the confes sions of.sonie f ,jie inhabitants, it appear ed lhat a plot had been formed by fifteen Mexicans to cut off Mr Richey and all his party. But that after he as murdered, th resi of the plan fell through, nnd the murder ers scattered in different directions. Surne of them General Taylor watt able Vo VetjuMPt an. I from those he learned the nuinea of the rest. He then rave the authorities of Villa Grande six weeks in which to arcfcst the others assuring the in, as I have hmlerstooiT, that ifihev were not found and delivettd op" by that lime he would cause ihe town to he' levelled to the earth. Asa further induce ment, he offered Jive hiindreXt dollar td arty person or persons who should take theriJ; add ftro hrindt ed dollars for the despatches. He is ilnderslood to have said thit he cot? si.Iered their loss equal to that of a battle- as they contain the whole plan of the tait-p-iign the attack on Vera Crur. and all and have nd doubt gone direct to Santa Auna. The gener.il brought the prisoner whdrrl he arresled there, to Monterey, where they are still in confinement. I have giVeti ydd these particulars, also, as 1 received thni from Colonel Marshall; and there is no ddubt of their being correct. Lieutenant Richey belonged to the gallant 4ih infantry, and was with it in ihe golriou battle of Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, nnd subsequently, when that regiment stcckl ud der such a shower of iron arid le3l at Mori terey, when those brave officers, Hnskin, Grari nn, and Woods were cut down, Me fta$ there iu the thickest of the fight, acquiring' himself moM manfully. He was afterward promoted to the 5ih infantry, aftd then as siirrted to duty $Hth ls. dragoons as before" stated. He wis beloved by all his brother officers, an I hi$ inelancholy fale deeply de plored. General Taylor, with two batteries ofaf- lillery, Brevet Lieut Col. May's quadrnif 2d dragoons, and one resrimetil of MirUsi pi foot volunieers, probably nfijve here td dav Irom Monlerev. Gen. llt:fkrh8 heeW onlered to thai city, and Gen Tfifylor willj it is m.. jif, make Saltillo his liendquariers. General Woo! aud General Lane are nowhere- A'ter General Taylor's arrival, we shall have four batteries of artillery, corisiat nX nl't iirliieen brass pieces of various cali ber, one squadron 1st regiment dragoons';, one squadron 2d regiments of Illindi. t wo of fiidiiKa, one of Kentucky, and one of Missis sippi volunteers, besides a compariy of'TeJC ans, Sic. Tht re can be but little doubt bu active movements ot great importance w if i soon commence in this qnarttr, lor mi one" quesiions ihe belief that large forces of fhe" enemy are continually hovering 3lw)tit uS; The inhabitants have nearly all left this fity and some of the priests likewise hive gone. Our b st men are disposed to belfeve that a4 srorm is brewing, and will soon break uport us. But of all that 1 ill give you the paf licolars as they transpire. I hive writtett this letter id mn h haste ; but you may b able lo glean from ii something that ctia$ interest our many friends ai home. I am, mv dear sir, very tuly viiurs. A certain great perionage nked a poo? felhrw, who was diiviti; mintP rfeei, (ai'7 wh' did not know hi uv-ijU,) how much he iereil f.r rhe heep per head. " U hr; ievetl-:ind twenty hilliui24, stir."- 4 Sevei?.' and lupiiiy ? I cati'l gel morelhtn four am tweulysl' Then you doil'l know ywtr hu-f ness," said ihe c1wn. Stagecoaches decried. -In ihe yeaf 1672, when throughout Ihe Biitisii kingdom only six stairecoaf.hes were constantly jroiug, a patnpfitet was written by one John Creet of the Charter House, fr their suppres-iorf, and among ihe many rave trnnirttn iffvetf against iheir continuance is the following i Th'se starecoaches make gentlemen4 come to London upon every small iccsiiTr. which otherwise They wo'uld not cfo but a'iorf Urgent necessity ; nav, ihe.convenienc of trre' passage makes their wives often cohie cp ivho rather than come Mich lon2 journeys 6rf horseback, would slay at home. Here when they come to town, they must presently ly iu the mYi'de, get fine clothes, go to the pfay and treats; and by these means' jjret hch .t habit of idleness and love of pleasure thst they are uneasy ever afler. We believe it was Horace Walpole related the following anecdote o'fs genllc'? man, which he declared to be the most ex cellent solnCism tha'v he ever heard of Two friends were walViiiir together, when they were accosted by a beggar wornatt. On'e of the crentlemen gave her a bonus, hut the other turned a wny with evident symp tom of disjrust. iVn the" first enqmnng the reason, the latter replied uSir. I cannot tnlerate the sight of that hag. F. fmerlv she ivas a nuise in the villaire. and when I was an infant. I was committed to her charge. She was unfortunately th-nwlhr of a child of my own ar: ' r ineredihl as auch' perfidy may seem, it i the conviction of my'.. frind and triyelh. thl he eaktd me." '