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plore ii, continued trouble, deeper depression,
and more hopeless degradation awaits tbem in this couniry ! Can they attain to the lights and privileges they are now stiuggliog fur, and demanding ! How is it possible for them to dream that they can ever enjoy a com fortable, quiet, and houorable home here and poises, that shate in the management of pub lic afTaira which alone ceo make tbem (eel and act as men and titifeens! Must they Dot come, however lelurtatity, to the conclusion, and acknowledge, that the policy of coloniza tion is the only Hue and. sanative policy ever yet adopted? It pu poses to place ihem in circumducts propitious to the full development 01 their powers. I u this coun try" while things remain as they are at present, there is no place where this cau be done. G where they may, they encounter an invinci ble prejudice, which excludes them from the honors of political, and the comforts of social life, and reminds them ol iheir deeply depress ed conditio ii. On eveiy baud, the more favored race is multiplying around them, fill ing every nveuue to wealth, engrossing every desirable business, and monopolizing eveiy honorable employment.. The rapid increase of our own population, the immense iuflow fI ioieiguerf, woo muni living tij miimi labor, and who ran labor to the best advantage, are sad evideuces that the day is not far dis tant when they will be. crowded out of evry lucrative employ meiil, and thereby; depressed lower thnn they are at present, pud thus com pelled, in self-defence and for self-preservation, to seek a home rrtf some oher land-1:hi result may not be for years yet, buL p-emoni-tions of the its approach' are now seen in every city in the laud. Much as we deprecate this state of things, we would anticipate its approach and in ad vance prepare a home for them wheii it co'mes. We would have tbem aroused from their pre sent dreams to the reality. of its-approach, and led to take the measures necessary to save themselves and their children from the cer tain wretchedness and degradation which await tbem. And we . therefore preseni co lonization to them at every opportunity, as the only practicable remedy for the. ills which at present betide them. From the Newbernian. INTERESTING TRIAL for MURDER. We learn that at the last term of Jones County Superior Court, commencing on Wednesday of last week, Ira Westbrook, a citizen of that county, was tried for the mur der of a slave, by the name of Lot, before his Honor Judge Pearson. The prisoner was defended by James W. Bryan Esq. It appeared in evidence, that the negro was hired to Westbrook, and at the time the affair for which he was indicted occurred, that the negro was insolent and impudent in his language towards the prisoner; and there upon he took down a cow-hide to whip him. Lot then told the prisoner, that he would not be whipped by any such man, and be gan to move off. Westbrook then took down his gun, upon which the negro in an impudent manner, told him to shoot repeat ing it three times. The prisoner then fired upon him, and lodged the contents of -the gun in. the calf of his teg. The negro fell, and soon afler crawled back to the door of the prisoner's house and .told hiitvia an impudent manner, to shoot the other -barrel f tike gun into his head, which the prisoner did not do. Mortification ensued from the4 wounds in the leg, and he died in '-consequence on ihe third day after he was shot.' : The prisoner's council, we lern,- pat his defence mainly on the ground,' that the ne gro was in a state of rebellion and tesistanee to the prisoner, who for the time being was his owner, and had all the rights and authori ty of his actual master, 'lhat but. for .this resistance and rebellion, it would be at most but a case of manslaughter. His Honor, Judge Pearson, charged the Jury, that viewing this case as one in which the prisoner had killed the deceased, upon the provocation of impudence and insolence, waj in the eve of the law. but a case of manslaughter. But if the deceased was in an actual state of rebellion, and resistance to the prisoner, then he would have a right to kill him, and would not be liable criminal ly for the act, but would be justified in law for so doing. The Judge then explained to the Jury what he deemed rebellion, and re sistance, on the part of a slave towards his master. The Jury found the prisoner not guilty. We regard this as a very importat case, it having called forth, as we believe, the first decision upon these principles of law, that has been made in the Slate. Murder in Orangeburg District. Mr Benjamin Plumb, a native of Poland, but for the past two or three years a resident of this city, was most butally murdered in Orangeburg District last week; under the following circumstances : Mr Plumb has for several mouths been peddling goods throughout several of the upper districts, and while on one of these expeditious in the neighborhood of Orangeburg, he was nailed by 2 or 3 negroes from a field, who stated thai they desired to make some, purchases. H immediately slopped his horse rd sulkcy, ppeued one of his trunks, and while in . the act of taking out the goods one of the negroes struck him a severe blow across the head with an axe. The wounded mau offered them all he possessed to spare his life, but deaf to bis cties, they despatched him in a few seconds splitting nis ku with the axe. They then buried toe body and divided the booty. The ulkey was concealed in the woods and the horse allowed to io astrnv One of the negroes acquainted his wife with II the circumstance relating to the murder, -end placed iu ber possession several articles of value, under the sti iciest injunction, of aecresy. The woman immediately acquaint ed her mistress wuh the facts, aud the princi pal and his accomplices were soon captured aud placed iu confinement, where they, have aiuce made a full confession. Mr P. we understand, was quite a young mao, and bad been married about Soften months, in this city. Since the receipt i this intelligence his wife was. been lying in a critical aud dangerous situation, Evening Vew, Charleston, THE WAR. The following news reached Fayetteville on last Sunday, but as it is founded only on reports and Mexican auihori'y.muit not be considered authe'H c Office op Commercial Times, ) Saturday, March 13, 1847. J FROM THE ARMY! LATE AND VER IMPORTANT A great Battle at Saltillo Santa Anna commanding inperson 4500 of the enemy, and 2000 Americans reported to have fatt en (Jen Taylor fatting batk on Monterey Advance of Gen. Marshall to his relief Impression at Camargo of Santa Anna's defeat Capture by the Mexicans, of large escorts of Provisions, Munitidns of IVar, Approach of Gen. Urrea; with 4000 men to Mctamoros, dc, &c, &c. The schooner Cinderella, Captain . Scull, arrived here last night from Brazos, which she left on the 5th instant, bringing; intelli gence of a most momentous character. It seems that a desperate struggle has now in reality becrun, between the forces under San ta Anna and his subordinate officers, and the scattered commands of our army in the in terior of Mexico, and along the line of the Rio Grande. A severe contest is said to have taken place near'Sallillo, between the Mexi can army, led by Santa Anna, and the, force under Gen. Taylor. Such details as have reached us will be found in the communica tion below. With regard to the losses sus tained, we have no doubt thai 4 hey -a re much exaggerated, -as well as the numbers said to have composed Santa Anna's army--25,000 men. Scattered as our troops are, over the country, at such immense distances from each other, we concede that the state of things bears a most critical appearance. But we have confidence in the indomitable courage of our troops, and in the skill of their leaders. Santa Anna has already, we feel quite certain, caught a Tartar, in General Taylor, notwithstanding the immense dis parity in numbers exhibited by the eon tend- inr forces. Bkasos Santiago, ) Morning, March 5th, 1847, I Gentlemen In transmitting you the en closed article for your valuable paper, I only design to lay before you such intelligence as we ha ve at present, and which I have tried to reduce to such a shape as will enable us to judge of the truth oi' the various reports that are now circulating im this region, arul which will doubtless reach your city. The substance of the enclosed is more generally believed than I could wish. I wrote it out from a desire to detect Madam Ro nton in the prevarication of her thousand tongues. I only hold myself responsible for its veracity, so far as it is a faithful record of what ii circulated here, and what many believe. I am your obedient servant. J NO. G. TOD, Ag't Qua r, Mas'r. Genl's. Dept , Texas. Bra sos Sautiago, Texas, I Night of the 4ih March, 1847. J Great anxiety has prevailed at this place for these two days past, to receive intelli gence from the Army. Nothing official has come to hand, but various rumors, have ar rived, Leaving a greater mystery as- to the true condition of General Taylor and his forces, tlnn has occurred at any period, since the war. The country above it,, doubtless, swarmed with Mexican troop, cutting oil all communication with our lower depot. The rancheros and others are flocking to the Mexican standard. The following intelligence has just arrived here, and I make a memorandum of the con versation of the individual, for it is verbal, and brought from a source lhat I believe will prove true, when it is properly analyzed by information which we must doubtless shortly receive. The battle commenced on ihe night of the 23d, near Saltillo. It continued for two days. The Mexicans had no artillery, their force being composed alone of cavalry - and infantry, numbering twenty thousand men, with a division of six thousand men in tluir rear, Santa Anna commanding in person. Gen. Taylor's force numbered, when the' battle commenced, near, five thousand men, composed -f Infantry, Dragoons, and 18 pieces of Litght Artillery, and was making his retreat to Monterey. He has lost about two thousand men. The Mexican loss is about four thousand five hundred. Gen. Pay lor was in hopes that he would be able to retain his position which is about three miles from Saltillo, at a Mill Pond, where he possesses some natural defences. - Gen. Marshall had set out from Monte ley with a largeescort, carrying four wagons of ammunition and to 18-pounders. It is generally believed that he will he able to join Gen. Taylor in time to afford relief. The general opinion amongst the Mexi cans at Camargo and Matamoras, as express ed, indicates that Sauta Anna has been bad ly whipped. Col. Morgan was mortally wounded, and his command entirely cut up at Seralvo, and other points along the line ' id observation, extending from the latter placi to Mier. A train of one hundred and twenty wag ons had been captured by the Mexicans. They murdered all the teamsters and the escort ol iwenty-hve men. They have also captured a train of sixty wagons, though nothing definite as to the disposal of tea ma sters and escort. 1 hey have likewise rap tured a hundred pack mules loaded .ih Stt lera goods. Gen. Urea is warshuig omto-atiaelt Mata moras, with, abwt fbua thousand men. ., 1 am in hoiyes it wnfr e rounu ne was only slightly wounded and his command dis persed- t ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS. Further Details of Santa Anna's Movements Confirmation of Previous Humors Capture of Trains and Merchandise JvamesoJ Citizens oj Matamoras taKen Prisoners. dr. &'C. We hasten to place before our readers ine subjoined letters, from a valuable corres pondent, which convey some further . details Jiti regard to the important events transpir- TEE flQIRTIHI CAJROILIIfljlAKf ing on the Rio Grande. We regret to. say that they confirm to some extent the appre hensions which have been entertained relat ing to the critical position of Gen. Taylor aud the forces under his command. Further news will now be looked for with the most intense anxiety. At present all is doubt and confusion. We still trust and believe that there is a great deal of egge ration in the various reports that have reach ed us. Matamoras, March 1, 1347. Gentlemen This city was thrown into the greatest consternation this morning by the arrival of he steamer Aid, with letters from Camargo and Monterey, stating, that General Tavlor had been attacked by Santa Anna at the head of 25.000 men at Sullillo. The postscript informing us of the truth of the matter, was added to the letter by cap tain Montoromery of the 7th, now Quarter master at Monterey. I he letter was dated the 23d February, the postscript the same day, which slates that the fight commenced on the 22d of February, and that no farther information could be had. There are be tween 7000 and 8000 men between Camar go and Monterey, who have entirely cut ofr all communication between those two places. Gen. Urrea is at Morino, a town about 23 miles this side of Monterey with six thousand cavalry, and, Canales has rancheros sufficient to make up the number. Gen. -Taylor has issued o'dcrs that not less, than rone Regi ment shall altempt.to leave Camajrgo on this route Col. Morgan command. (the second Ohio Regiment) about four, hundred stong, left Ceralvo where they were stationed, to join Gcn.! Taylor, after having burnt every thing they could not take with them, and it is confidently believed that he and his whole command were either cut to pieces, or tak en prisoners. That gallant, chivalrous soul, Ben. Mc.Culloch, with his men, has been captured. He had not more than twenty eight men, all told. I am sorry to state that a very , worthy ci tizen of ours has been captured, at least it is presumed so, and with very good grounds, as two or three who went one day after him J had been obliged to fallback on Camargo. Jesse D. Carr, Mr Trenoweth. Mr Grayson, Capt. M'Mullin, (a clerk of Mr Carr's) for merly of M'Culloch's Company , of Rangers, having about 200 pack mules loaded with, valuable goods, belonging to the before mentioned; person, and having goods be longing to peter J. Nail, of Matamoras, and Messrs. Mather Glover & Co., no doubt have been taken ; nothing has been seen or heard of them. Mr Sprague, a clerk lor S. A Belden Elsq , and John B. Baker, Sutler to the first Regiment of Kentucky Volun teers, started the day after the first named party, and had been compelled to fill back to Mier, and there await until the troops there stationed should be ordered to Camar go This is all the fault of Gen. Scott for hav ing taken away the regular forces from that part of the country. Should Gen. Taylor be able to fall back on Monterey he can then hold out until reinforcements reach him, as they have some sixty days rations at that point. But I am afraid he is in a critical position, having nothing but Volunteers with him, he cannot have that confidence which he would have, had not that immortal man. Gen. W. Scott taken away from him the whole of his most effective force., ... But old Rough and Ready has determined to con quer or die. Santa Anna sent him a sum mons to surrender. Tell Santa Anna, says the old man, "to come and take me." I have conversed with ofiicers of the army here, who think that Gen. Taylor might he able to ftll back on Monterey. He has some 4 COO volunteers with him, and I think they will fight to the Inst. ColjCurtis is station ed at Camargo, which is hourly threatened with attack. Some 700 of the Virginia re giment passed through this place three days ago on their way to join Gen. Taylor. Should the General even fall back on Monterey, he will have a large body of men between him and Camargo, who cau, and no doubt will take the place, and then down on Matamoras, cutting off Gen. Taylor's supplies entirely. Every person is on the alert. The Mexi cans say that the army will take this place in a short time. Several ot the better class of the population are preparing to move to the other side of, the river, in case the place should be recaptured, us they know they would be killed by their own people immedi ately. You will find this letter very disjoin ted in its details, but you may depend on the correctness of every part f it, as I received it irom nigri auiuoruy. xours iruiy. Matamoras, March 1, 1S47. Gentlemen : The news from above last nigbi, is f rathei au exciting uJue. Oti the 26lh ultimo, a despatch arrived heie; which stated that General Taylor had giveu orders for the discontinuance uf Use trains between Camaigo and Monterey, on nrenisnt of large bodies of the enemy having been known to have crossed the MotsuUiMiSy although their whereabouts was not exactly knonu. The steamer Aid, Captain Stroadns, left Comargo on tho eveuiug of the 25th ultimo, and the Big liatcaje' Caplaiu Mo by, left on Friday morning, the 26th February, with desiratrhes, and. with a report that a body of Mexicans to the amount of 3000, were between Camargo and Woulerey, supposed to be Urrea com mand; as they cau have but little if any artille ry, the only difficulty to be apprehended, js the cutting offs applies and communication for the present, lbe nev volunteer regi ments arrive very slowly, none having pass ed up the river, as yet, but the Virgiuia regi ment, which ate as fair a looking aud orderly set of men as you would meet with. Owing to the bed w-eatber(blowing) great difficulty is experienced in getting them off ihe vessel. General WoHh,with the last of his division, left the mouth on the 26th, for Tampico or the Island of Lobos. We naturally, fiorn the foregoing reports, feel somewhat interested here, but should we have lo leave Mttamora. little of it will be left to tell the tale, as there are not over 900 muskets between Ca irnargo and the mouth of the river. I remain yours, &c. P. S. Since writing the above, the J. E. Robert, Capt. Reed, from Camargja, arrived this morning, and confirms the previous re port, viz: 8000 cavalry this side the mountains. There has been a fight at Saltillo, no particu lars. The Mexicans have captured a train of 126 wagons, and 180 private mules, and are raising the very devil with the traders. They have taken Peter fJale,' Trainer's Taruavars' and others, being a complete har vest for fhem. .No mounted men iu this part of the country, with the exception of about one hundred. Frir. the American Flag, March 3. Our town has been thrown into the most intense excitement, by the reports constantly reaching hete, relative to the perilous situatiou of General TayloiV ditision of the army. They are so vague and confused, that we hardly kuow how to commence -au abstract even. That a batile has been fought, no one here can doubt for a momeut, but how it has resulted, or what dangers impend on the line of ihe Rio Grande, is iuveloped in the most perplexing uuceitaicty. We give, however, what seems to bo the best authenticated state ment received here, from Ihe seat of hostili ties. . Gen. Taylor, while at Nueva, 14 miles from Saltillo, w ith 51)00 men, was attacked on ihe 22d ult., by a Mexican force of 15,000. Finding that be could not maintain bis posi tion, he made g.od his retreat to Saltillo, covering his wagou train. - Here a severe engagement took place iu the streets, in which the Mexicaus surTeied a heavy loss. After destroying what of the public stores he could not ttausport,-.be continued his retrogade mo vement ou Monterey, until he reached ihe out successfully defended himself. Here all the rumors, tepoits, and letters leave him. Once iu Moulerey and he would be safe, but his ability to accomplish this much was alto gether problematical, as the Mexicans were swarming iu every diieciion. A merchant iu Camargo, uuder date of 25th ul:., writes to his friend in this place. Three expresses lo day from Moulerey, fighting in Saltillo; Mar ino iu Mexican pot.hes.HUMi; large train of wagon., 126, and ISO private mules taken; McCultough's vunfriy taken; 8000 cavalry this side of the mountain; and things iu gen eral turned upside down." To the Editor of the Riillelin : The various rumors from the nimy, of bat tles fought and Geu. Taylor falling back, turns out a humbug ! This is the la-t new., and ii is nearer official thati atiy thing we nave received. Ii is supposed n Irani has been cut off, but beyoud that nothing is cer- la iii. Brasos St. Jago (Texas), Noon, Match 5sh, 1S47. J From tlio Washington Union. THE LATEST O FFICI A L ACCOUNTS FROM THE ARMY. The painful anxiety which now pervade ihe public mind iu regard to ihn situation of Gen. i aylor's army, has induced us to ipply lo the War D p-irlmenl for ihe latest authen tic information on the cuhject. IVe have been fu'in-hed' wr.h ihe two followm" de ."patches, the last received from Geo. Taylor, and we now lay ihem before our readers : Headquarters Ai toy of Occupation, Agoa Nueva, IS miles south ot Saltillo, Febtuary 7, 1S47. Sir : I changed mv headquartets lo this place on the 5th iust., b'ingiug forward, iu the tirsl instance, Ijieiit. Col. May's squad ron of dragoon, iwii batteries, (Shet man'.t and Bragg'.-,) aud the regiment of Mississippi rifletneu. Yesterday the secoud Kentucky and second and third Indiana regiments came up, aud will be joined iu a diy or two by the other l-o -p III and near Saltillo, ex cept ihe small gii;rison of seven companies ielt in ihe town. Although advised by Major General Scott to evacuate S.diillo, I am confirnit-d in niy purpose of hoWJnii: not only that poi.it, hut this position in its front. Not to .penk of Ihe pernicious moral effect -upon voluuteer troops of falling hack from points which we have gained, thee am poweiful inili'ary tea sous for occupying this extremity of the pas ralhcr than lbe other. . The scarcity ol wa'vr and supplies for a long distance iu front compels the enemy either lo risk mi engage- me lit iu ihe held, or to bold him-elf aloof from us ; while, if we tell back ou Monterey, he could establish himself strongly al Saliil!, aud be in position to annoy more effectively our Uaiiks and. our communications. I bava u intelligence from the interior more recent or authentic than lhat heretofore communicated. There is understood to be no considerable force in our front, nor is it likely that any serious demoustratiou will be made in this direction. The frequent alarms since the middle of December, seem to have been without subslaii'iul foundation. I am happy to add that the population of Saltillo is fast returning to the rity. Under the judici ous management of Major Warren, a discreet othVer of Illinois voluoteets, who commands in ihe town, it is hoped that ihe people may remaiu quietly in their homes. " I respectfully inclose copies of statement; showing the names of tbe officers and men recently captured by the enemy, as reported iu rhy despatch No. 11. I am, air, very re spectfully, your obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR, Major Geueral U S army com'dg. The Adju'aut General of tbe army, Wash ington, D. C. Headquarters Army of Occupation, Agua Nueva, Feb. 14, 1847. Sir : Since my last despatch of February 7ib, tbe occupation of this position has been completed by tbeariival of Brig. Gen. Wool with the remaining corps left in rear. The troops are now conveniently encamped, and can readily take up excellent defensive posi tions when necessary. Everything is quiet in and anout oaltillo. lam urging supplies forward as rapidly as practicable from the rear, and from the direction of Parr as ; for if joined by a suffi cient force of the new regiments, I wish to be able to take advantage of any opportuni ty that may offer to create a diversion in favor of Major Gen. Scott's operations. Of those new, regiments, none have yet been report ed to me, nor do I know how many to calcu late upon for service in this quarter. . I can communicate no very recent intelli gence from the interior. Up to the 26lh of January, the Mexican Congress had done nothing to supply the wants of the army, which had received nothing for January, and but half the necessary fuuda for December.' Rumors reach our caino from' time to rim of the projected advance of a Mexican force upon this )osiiion, but 1 think such a move ment improbable. The command is held at all times in readiness for the enemy. Our last official dates from Washington are to the 10th January. The mail of yes terday, which brought Washington newspa pers as late as the 15th, had nothing .frdm' your office. I am, sir, very resnectfullv, vour obedient servant, Z. TAYXOR, Maj. General U. S. A. commanding. The Adjutant General of the army, Washing ton, D. C. LATEST FROM MEXICO. New Obleass. March 18. By the arrival of the schooner Howe, Cap tain Kinney, horn Tampico, the news from Mexico heretofore received, so discouraging and gloomy, is not confirmed. Lieut Q'. Barry, who came a passenger on board the Howe, states thai the rumors of a T battle be tween Gen. Taylor and Santa Anna Were not all credited, but on the other-h no put down as false. We have Tampico papers down 'to the Sd instant, but find in them nothingnew. V. O. Mercury. FROM THE PACIFIC. Letters from Commodore Stockton, dated at Sati Francisco, October 1st, and at San Diego. Nov. 23d, 1846, have been received at the Navy Department. The officers and crews of ihe squadron were in fine health and spirits. Tho Mexican officer in tho territory, with one or two exceptions, having violated their oaths, aud again taken up arms g'iiiit ihe United States, ImI succeeded iu posse.siu:l themselves of ihe city of the Aug Is. and one or two other places, border jug ou Soiiora, which had been previously captured by ihe American. Upon ieceiving intelligence, however, of the iiisurie-tion, Com. StH-ktoii adopted the most prompt and vigorous meas ures for the recovery id' the places thus t-rkeii, aud his efforts, which had already been in part successful, promised to be completely so. IVashington Union. Great depatch in the iiecruiting Service. We learn, from the Adjutant, that Captain Butler, of the Hd regiment of dragoons, re port his company of one hundred men, ready to take the field, and that ii will ernha-k fom Philadelphia for Point Isabel within ihrre days, agieeahly to the iiitiuclions published in --'General Oiders," No. 8, of Ihe 4th in stant. This is quick woik, and we doubt not that other companies will soon be ready to follow ,- hut Cpi. Butler's ha ihe di-tinc-tioii of being ihe tirsi lecruitcd aud ready for -ervice. Union. If the following p iragrnph from Dr. Smith's Journal does not sufficiently prove ihe bles sed oliiity of the l.eiheoii, we scarcely think any further instance can tie needed. To us, this one rcuinikbhU cute is a good as live hundred. lioston Transcript. Insensibility to pain from a Hot Iron. An exhibition of extiaoidioary interest to human ity occurred at the Massachusetts General Hospital on Saturday last. A patient was presented a man in advanced lile who we understand, was laboring under paraplegia, having its origin iu a caries of the lower dor sal veifcb'.i for which Or. Warren proposed the actual cautery. Alter the patient had in haled the hlheon, Dr. Warren ion an iron rod, heated to a uhitn hetf, tn tho length ot about two feci, op aud !owhi the hack, each side of ihe spine bo n ing two lines on one side and one on the lherr aiwi thru carried it zigag across, between tShe spinous pro-ces-e, the same distance. l be patient dur ing this process was ho!ly onxmoscious ol p to, under the severest test to which he could le subjected thai of a hot ir u applied to the naked skin. Mr Calhoun met his fellow citizens of Charleston, at the theatre in that rity, which ivas pat ked full lo meet and greet him. The two lower tiers were filled with ladies. Mr Calhouti addressed them at some leugtkv Judge Martin's Will. The wilk f the late Judge Martin was recently tierWed null and void; not a bt been slated- in some ol ihe city press on acrouiel of fbe blwiduess of the testator T hot in cnsqtieiiee of an ap parent understanding between the testator and the legatee lhat tbe properly hoiild be sold and a large part of lh proceeds sent to per. sons living in France, without paying tbe Slate Ih? usual tax of leu per cent., which tbe State laws require iu such cases. The tes tator, "being anxious to leave none of his property to strangers,1' had long conned ibis subject over lu his mind, aud brought the whole power of his thoughts to. bear upon it, thereby intending to save neatly the sum of $53,IKJU, which would otherwise go into the Slate Treasury. . ! - . Col. Cushing, of the Massachusetts Vol unteer regiment, passed through Wilmington on Friday last, on the way to join his .regi ment in Mexico, that having gone by sea. Chronicle. . ' 1. THE OPINION OF A CONGRESSMAN. The following is from lire Hon LewisLevin, Member of Congress, trom rhe first - Conre. s onal Dietrict, Pa., and formerly Editor of the Philadelphia San : " In bearing oar bumble t rttmony.to the virtues of the Expectorant, we do nor stand alone. Thou sands in this citr attest its curative powcrr, and allhouoh oppos d to the use of what are termed "(doack medicines," generally, yet, when-as in this cue, we have felt the benefit of the remedy when, as we freely ackaowlede, we keep it con.' stantly in our family, as a certain and prompt rem edy for Croup or Coughs, we subserve the inter. est of society, when we ttate such facts to pasl'ic Tbe misrepresentation of interested individual. ha ye forced th.s explanation upon as, which we crtecriuiiy give." LEWIS U. LEVIN. Prepared only by Drv D. Jarne, Philadelphia and sold on. agency by S t HINSDALE.. REGULATIONS OF THE-pHw" FICE DEPARTMENT forthf V' msnt ifthtcts ofCongreis of r aM Sd of March, 1847 .- J l" 2. Altldeuuty postmasters are autw.- end free, through tbe mails, all letters packages not weighing over; two ourJ!'1 which they may have occasion to rj, or of the Post Office Department, ii thereon "post office business," and tigU-,J5 their names thereto And those hoeCftR pensation did not exceed $200 for ihe yea" cudiug tbe 30th of June, 1846, may alsoienJ free, through the mails, letters written by them, selves, aud receive free all wryttel cmrnUni". cations, on their own private busines, Dot weighing over one-half ounce- Members of Congress and' delegates from 1 err iioiies may send and receive free, ihroupW .......... r, ... miny oays ueiore me com- tnencement of each Congress, until lbe meet, ing of the next Congress, letters and pack, ages not exceeding two ounce in weight, sr public documents uot exceeding three poutMU in w eight. Public documents are those priuf. ed by. the order of either houe of Coi,g f(M aud publications or books procured or purcha! ed by Cogre,or either byuae, for the use of The members. The same privilege allowed to members of Congress, is extended "lohe Sect etmy of lbe Sonata and the Gleiks of tbe House of Representat ives dor ing ,theirr official leimt, which terminate with the election, of Jaeir suc cessors. The privilege of the Vice President is en. Iirgt-d, so that he may send aud receive froe, put die document, during his official trrm. IV-ro s eiiMth d l the privilege of I'rattk ing should endorse ou all tellers or p-t Kmcc. weighing uuder li nonces, rr-e,' nn. iti the Siii ne, drMgiiHting the ffi c thrv till,- aud all public d-iin.eiii hit h em two ounces iu weight should he designated by wrilling the words "publir: dm-omenls1' on Ihem, and signing Ihem officinlly as ahovr. The chancier of public document-issued from the public nlH-'e in ihe city ' Washing Ion aud di.eclerl lo wron iiuth riz"d lo n reive them (re my ha designated r) a st.ioi peril ing ths rdliew from which thry isjue, and the wtuds "pidlic document-," or such other evideiice of i heir rhnrNCter us- may agreed upon between them and the postmas ter of the city of Washington. Any docu ment folded aud sealed, not having such evi deuce of its character ou the envelope, w ill be tilled uith postnge, whi b will he rrmiltcil try the drlivermg poslmsiicr, upon -salistacti-ry evidence lhat it is n puldic d.coineoi, tmri-mi-iible fee through tn: mails to the person atldresed. t AU newspapers, transmitted th'ough ihe rriuils will tie hereafter ruled with pnrtngr, ex ept ex hiuge papers hetweeti the puhli-h-M tdu'Wp;ipeis, mid those lraokd by perou enjoy in Ihe privilege; and coutrwetms rrmy lake uewspapeis out of ihe. mail, fr sale or di.-trlbulioii among subscribers- Tiatii'ieiit newnp.iper, or those n t nt f-oiii lbe rdfice !' puldication to subscrib-!-, hand-bills ir circul.ir letters printed r litho graphed, not exceeding one ht in iz, will pay 3 cents, upon delivery at ihe i-rhVe aud Itrtitre they ate put in the mnlfs, and all such n ill he charged hy deputy poMuiantcrs as ptcpaid matter in Ihe wuy bill aud upon theii accounts of mails sent, mid -otninpt d or mnrked "paid ' with the name of the tfliro I'k. m hich sent. Tranirnt nevt spnpers, handbills, ot circu lars, cannot be received free by deputy post masters under their piivilege. If such hoiild he nddre-cd lo them, it is their duty to return dicrn under h new cover, marked widi letter po.age. Il'dcpoilrrl in a poM fli e ouculed, addresscii lo deputy postmarteip or othi r-, they will not in any ca-e lorwnrd ed by mail w iihoui j-r j)ayrriciit of the po- Inge. If sealed rhey will be rated with lettrr postage aud for w aided iu the mails. Letters addressed to dillert ni persons cannot be enclosed in ihe S'line t nvt h-pc or package under a pn ity of teti dollar, uit less addressed lo for i go coun'ries.v Leller, newspapers, and )ackage net exceeding one ounce in the weight, address ed to any officer.; mu-ician, o private in the. army of the United States in Mexico, or at any post or place on the frontier of the Uni ted State bordering ou Mexico, tH pass free in the mails. ICach letter so addressed should specify afler the name of the person, belging to the army.'' The Jaw will continue in force during the war with Mexi t w aud.fec hree months after the termination. - Extra, commissions allowed deputy post master by the order of the 9th.of July, 1845, a e superseded by the act of the 3d of Mareh, The eammissions a I lower by the 24th station. of the net of the 3d sf March, 1945, ar repcaJedi, aod other rates allowed by the 1st section of rhe act ol the 1st of marehy 1847, in lieu of them, as follow : On the amount of letter po-tage, not ex ceeding $100 iu any one yeari'SO per cent. On any sum between ilirOO- and $400 TtV any year, 33l per cent. -,u.- r ' ' On any sum over $2,400 in . a year, 121 percent. On the amount of letters and packets re ceived for distribution at offices designated by the Postmaster General for that purpose, 7 per cent. I he term letter postage include! all postages received, rxcept those which arise from newspapers, sent from the office of the publishers to subscribers, and from pam phlets and magazines so that all prepaid postage upon transient papers, hand bills. and circulars, printed or lithographed, will te treated as letter postage in the settlement ot accounts of postmasters. . Oi a 1L sums arising' from the postage on newspapers. Magazines, and pamphlets, 50 pe cent. C. JOHNSON, Postmaster Cenl. March 12, 1847. ' Single copies of any daily or weekly paptr, purchased at the office of publication, and mailed with the regular mails from such office, do not come withiu the section requiring pre payment of postage, or the payment of tbe in creased postage of three cents ; but, like Ihe papers of regular yearly subscribers, they will be legulatly taken by the firit mail to their, several destinations.