Newspaper Page Text
TME NOJRTM CAROLINIAN
. Wm " Bayiut Etlitor nud Proprietor.
SATURDAY. JANUARY 22, 1848.
THE WAR. On the first page of to-day's
paper will be found interesting news from the
eat of war, received by us last Saturday. There
are no very important items, and we maynot ex
pect any for several weeks. Being in quiet pos
session of the country, we shall always feel inter
est in knowing the progress of events in the army
The rumors with regard to the recall of Gen.
ffeott have not yet come to any reliable head,
it is great pity that there are so many foolish
people always at mischief, by feeding every officer
of the army, of. any note, with the fancy that he
oi.ght to bs President of the United States. This
intriguing and miserable puffing and lauding of
every officer with a view to make him President,
is calculated to do inconceivable mischief in the
army ; and is enough to make the people turn
their face against elevating any military man to
the much coveted position of President. There
can be no discipline in the army as long as
people act in this foolish manner.
The merits or demerits of Gen. Scott's arrests
have not yet transpired satisfactorily, and of
course no opinion can be made up.
We have been favored by Mr Calhoun with a
copy of his speech, and by Messrs Barringer, Don
nell, Venable, &,c, for speeches.
THE RESOLUTIONS sent us by Mr McNair
have been received, and will appear in the next
Carolinian. They deserve the attention of the
fCJ- A writer in the Wilmington Journal, sign
ing himself " Duplin," recommends Gen. McKay
as a suitable candidate for Governor of N. C.
Gen. McKay would not accept the nomination,
if we are not very much mistaken.
The writer at the same time speaks highly of
"We liaTO received a communication from one of a common
school committee, complaining of our remarks on the sub
ject of common schools. We suppose it is sufficient to say
that we blame NONE "but the makers of the law. -who in
our opinion, have made it defective. 1 he design of the law
was. or ought to have been, to educate those who arc unable
to pay for education. This every man knows is the true
intent of a common school law; but such is far from being
the practical operation of the law iu North C arolina.
WASHINGTON DEMOCRAT. This is the
title of a new paper published at Washington, N.
C, by John Howard, Es . It is a neat little pa
per, and Mr Howard will no doubt make it such
a one as the democrats ought to patronize.
There certainly should be a democratic paper
supported in a place as large as Washington,
where the " Whig" seems to be thriving so well.
Mr Howard deserves the support of the demo
cracy. HON. A. VENAULE. The reader will notice
Under our Congressional head, a short sketch of
the speech of Mr Venable, oneof the three demo
cratsrorn this State in Congress. Mr Venable is a
sound politician, and we doubt not an honest one,
which is more than can be said of some.
DECLINED. Our friend of the Standard, hon
ored by the democrats of Wake with a seat in the
Legislature, in the last number of his paper, de
clines being a candidate again.
DEAD. We learn from the Raleigh Standard
that Lieut. Wheedcn, ofCapt Clark's company,
died in that city on the 11th i nst., of consump
tion, lie returned from Mexico with a broken
constitution, about 3 months ago.
THE DOCUMENTS accompanying the mes
sage of the President, on the subject of the call
for information, mentioned in our proceedings of
Congress, are published in the Union of the llth.
Bv these it appears that our government instruct
ed the American minister at London, Mr Ban
croft, that Capt. May of the British Steamer
Teviot, had brought Genl Parcdes to Vera Cruz,
and allowed him to enter the country clandestine
ly, contrary to t he established regulations, and in
violation of the duties of neutrality which Great
Britain owes to the United States; and that said
strainer, according to rule was liable to confisca
tion; and directing Mr Bancroft to require the
dismissal of Capt. May from t lie British service,
it" he was an officer of the British navy or govern
ment. Accordingly, Mr Bancroft addressed Lord
Talinerston as directed, and received satisfactory
jinswer, and iu due time Lord ralmcrston stated
that the matter had been inquired into, and that
Captain May would be immediately suspended
from his command by the direction of the Royal
mail steamer Company.
The order in relation to Santa Anna was in
these words : "If Santa Anna endeavours to en
ter into the Mexican ports, you willallow him to
pass- f reel v." Signed by Geo. Bancroft, Secretary
of the Navy, and directed to Com. Connor.
The documents contain nothing else of moment,
but what we have heretofore informed our rea
The lono- contested suit of Mrs Gaines, wife of
Gen Gaines, has been decided in her favor, by the
Supreme court of the United States, w hich puts
her in possession of vast property in New Orleans,
The President of the United States says to the
House of Representatives that the order to block
ade the coast of Mexico, and not to prevent Santa
Anna from going into the county should h-2 at
tempt it, wasqiven " without any understanding,
direct or indirect, with Santa Anna, or any other
person," Yet the whig press, never tired of re
iterating what has Wn disproven, still presist
in saving that " lie is afraid to let the people see
his connection with Santa Anna.
by Magnetic Telegraph
From and to Fayetteville.
Tue. telegraph at this station went into operation yester
day, 21st., under the superintendance of Mr John D Camer
on The following despatches were transmitted by the op
erators at Cheraw and Fayetteville :
The respects of the editor of tbr
or of the Gazette, tiive us your hand. Howjseotton,
In litUe less than no time, we received the following :
r. , j c Kditor N. Carolinian: Here is our hand.
25 naie your acquaintance. Cotton,
is it with yo,u .? . ..
These menage travelledl40 miles. The commun.at.on
fcctwecoxthis and Raleigh will be made to-day probably.
Ui.eea ibi ind Cixarleston one ottbe wires it oui.of.order.
THIRTIETH CONGRESS 1st SESSION.
Monday, Jan'y 10. Mr Badger presented a
memorial of merchants and masters of vessels,
and others, of Wilmington,- N. C.i and of pilots on
the Cape Fear, severally praying the establish
ment of additional lights and buoys on the Cape
Mr Hannegan submitted resolutions declaring
that in establishing a boundary between the U.
States and Mexico, the best Kne for military de
fence should be taken; that the United States
can never consent to the establishment of monar
chy in Mexico; and that it may become neces
sary to hold Mexico as a territorial appendage.
They were ordered to be printed.
The bill to provide for the appointment of as
istant pursers, was taken up, and Mr Badger pro
posed to amend it so as to make these appoint
ments by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate ; which was agreed to. Mr Yulee made
a few remarks on th bill, stating that there are
twenty-one U.S. l essels without pursers, and
that duty has to be performed by the commander
of the vessel,- whenever there is no purser aboard.
This, he says, too often results in the unpleasant
difficulty of bringing the officers in debt, from
the fact of not taking Touchers lor every expendi
ture. It besides, creates discontent among the
sailors and subordinate officers, as well as work
ing injustice to the officer.
The bill was passed by the Senate.
Mr Reverdy Johnson then addressed the Senate
on the ten regiment bill. He read his speech
from written manuscript. He argued that the
war was just and honorable; that the. U. States
had just cause for the war, and that war did exist
on the 1.3th of May, after the battle of Resaca ;
but on the other hand, and we should say, in di
rect conflict with the above, he said that the
manner of annexation of Texas, was the remote
cause of the war, and the march to the Rio Grande,
the immediate cause; that the President by or
dering the march had rashly and unconstitution
ally precipitated the war, and that on him must
rest the odium of it, and all the responsibility
for its horrors and expenses ! Most sapient con
clusion to be drawn from such premises !
In the House, the joint reso lution to restore the
southern mail to the Richmond railroad, was re
jected. Several speeches of an hour's length were made
on general politics. A resolution was passed
granting the use of the House for the meeting of
the American Colonization Society.
Tuesday, Jan. llth. In the Semte, Mr Cass
reported a bill for the increase of t lie medical
staff of the army for a limited time. A resolu
tion to admit Messrs Ritchie and Heiss on the
floor of the Senate, was passed, Mr Johnson of
Maryland, finished his speech to-day. lie ad
vocated the prosecution of the war ; opposed
withdraw ing the troops or taking a defensive line,
lie entered into some statistics to show that the
further prosecution of the war need not cost the
United States any further expenditure of money.
re hope his statement may prove correct.
In the House, the discussion of general politics
occupied the day. Mr Andrew Stewart of Pa.,
spoke against the present administration, and in
favor of a protective tariff. Mr Venable of N. C.
replied to him, and answered hia arguments very
eflectu.llv. The following is a short synopsis of
his remarks, given by the Union:
Mr Venable regretted that time woulil j
not nl low hi in to pay attention such as he
would, to the remarks by the gentleman '
from Pennsylvania, -Mr Stewart, 3 and
trusted that another occasion for this pur
pose -would be allowed him; but he would
now venture to suggest to that gentleman,
that Gen. Taylor would never be obliged
to him for the issues he. had made. But
there was another issue to which, by the
indulgence of the House, he would call
attention and which, to his mind, tnough
Ihe question might be old and uninterest
ing, it involved one of the most important
and profound issues that had been present
ed to the country for more than thirty
years cver-since he had been an observer
of political events the issue involved in
that able document by the President of
the United States, in which he has filed
his reasons for vetoing the river and harbor
bill. He felt himself particularly obliged
to the gentleman from OhioTor the declara
tion that the will of Congress was the on
ly limit to the power of Congress for the
construction of works of internal improvement-
Mr V. had not so learned the con
stitution. Its venerable trainers had never
told us that the language of that instrument
was delusive saying one thing and mean
Mr V. was never more gratified than he
was to see the gentleman from Ohio rise
in his place and move the reference of the
subject of the veto to a select committee
of one member from eaeh State; and it was
also a compliment to that paper, when,
after discussion and a tide of eloquence
had been poured upon this subject, to see
the chairman of the Committee of Ways
and Means so fearful for any tlecision as
immediately to move an adjournment.
Mr V. thanked him for the compliment.
It was well deserved, and worthily applied
by an opponent to one of the most able
documents that was ever laid on that ta
ble; and he did not wonder that it had re
moved all difficulty from the mind of the
gentleman from Illinois, and enabled him
to march right up to the subject and deny
the right of Congress, even by implication,
to construct works of internal improve
ment. Mr V. replied to reference which had
been made to the times of Mr Monroe's ad
luitiiatrstion, when it had been said the
Hwarts'Vof all parties, "like the waters"
of our rivers, were "mingled in peace."
He remembered that administration; and
upon this question lie could quote Mr Mon
roe against ' hims! Mr Monroe made a
fatal mistake by getting up a Mosaic ca
binet, and thus- attempting to conciliate
conflicting, view of State policy. He took
into his confidefSe these no-party men
men of all others to be regarded as the
most dangerous causing the sentinel to
sleep at his post- Mr Monroe com
menced with a republican creed., and end
ed with a federal administration. Read
ing his closing messages, his friends were
wont to say, "How are the mighty fallen"
But he could not say so, for he never ad
mired Mr Monroe.
Mr V. adverted to the names which had
been mentioned by the gentleman from
Tennessee fMr Stanton as giving their
sanction to the internal-improvement sys
tem; and, pronouncing a brilliant panegy
ric upon the character ot Jackson, he said
it was reserved'for President-Polk to arrest
the progress ot this great national-evil;
for he regarded it as a Pandora's box,
which, when opened once, numerous evils
must inevitably flow from it.
From the frrst volume of the Madison
Papers, Mr V. showed that the first pro
position offered by Dr Franklin, authoriz
ing Congress to construct a certain canal,
was rejected by that body. This was
cotemporaneous construction J and, he add
ed that, to his mind, it was clear that this
power did not belong to Congress, from the
fact that its advocates had sought in vain
A. 1 . - '
to locate tt Under almost every clause of
The President was ready, and the voice of
the people would be with him; He need
not fear, for he was surrounded with truth
and justice, as a bulwark impregnable as
the everlasting mountains.
Mr Tr closed by proposing to himself a
future occasion for this agument of the
war question, and expressing himself as m
favor of territory,- and such terms, of peace'
as many guarantee to our people "indemni
ty for the past, snd security for the future."
Wednesday, JairV 12. In the Senate, Mr Dick
inson, of New York, made a long speech on his
resolutions, which resolutions we have hereto
fore noticed as decHring that it isthetru policy
of the government to annex such contiguous ter
ritory to this country as may tend to strengthen
its political and commercial relation, and declar-
.Adiuu-, uuuer me war-maKing power,
under the power to facilitate commerce,
under the power to establish post-routes;
and thus this vagrant power in the lan
guage of another, had been whipped about
lrom parish to parish, until we found the
whole of the broken column mustered at
last under the power of Congress to pro
vide for "the general welfare." Iiy this
mode of reasoning by implication, all the
powers of the State governments could be
easily consolidated around and into the
powers of federal government. And this
evil was apprehended by Mr Jefferson and
Mr Madison, and others, members of the
convention which adopted the constitu
tion. Here Mr V. read a piece of history,
showing that when Congres was assembled
at New York in 1T89, and deliberating
upon a bill fixing the federal government
on the Susquehanna river, it was expressly
provided in that bill that the States of
Pennsylvania and Maryland- should.clear
out and construct the harbor for that loca
tion. This proposition was incorporated
in the bill byway of amendment, without
a dissenting voice; showing clearly that
the power to construct this work was not
at that time claimed for Congress. And
Mr V. would still solemnly protest against
the federal government laying its hand on
our rivers and harbors, and leaving ns but
the child bauble, in the mere name of
State sovereignty. Mr V. expressed his
regrets at the course taken by the gentle
man from Tennessee, with whom he had
so often fought side by side on the great
principle of free trade; and it pained him
now to see him thus surrendering our
strongest position. His friend, he. feared,
had been beguiled by the no-party cry of
those who denounced the exercise of the
veto power; but we should bewarnctl that
their professions were always deceitful.
In 1840, these men had told us that there
was no issue on the question of a United
States Bank; that itwas already dead. &c.
Yet, when Mr Tyler became the acting
President, and, following out his principles,
vetoed the bill for the charter of such an
institution, they cursed him as the worst
of all the traitors, from Judas Iscariot
j down. Notwithstanding their professions
that the institution was clean gone, it was
warmed into life again under the influence
ot whigery; and the monster came forth
again in all its scaly folds and hideous pro
portions, readyJ'or assault and destruction.
He recollected well the spasms, convul
sions, and dying groans of the monster,
when it fell beneath the hand of Jackson :
and he felt, and believed still, that the
battle of New Orleans was as nothing to
the firmness exhibited by the Old Hero
when he took that monster by the throat
and crushed it to the earth He warned
his friend against the professions of that
party, again ; and. expressed his regret to
hear him acknowledge tlie log-rolling prin
ciple, by stating the reasonv ; which' induc
ed him to vote against theyiight-house bill,
to be his conviction that no. equivalent ap
propriation was likelv evertiW'nTei-tthe-J
west. iet me DanK, me pror.ecuv.e larin,
and the internal-improvementfssystems be
again restored, and the result .would .be
that appropriations of money could be ob
tained at any time, and for almost any ob
ject. It was a great truism, that men love
the power that feeds them; even the judges
upon the bench were not without its in
fluence; and no matter with what princi
ples they might take the ermine, in less
than twenty years they would all put
shoulder to the wheel of the government
But there was another questian of grave
importance, to which he would now ask
the attention of the committee- He re
ferred to the several resolutions before the
House in relation to the Mexican war,
and especially to that embracing a vote
ot thanks to Gen. Taylor, his officers and
soldier, for their bravery and good con
duct at Buena Vista. Air V. said he
would vote for that resolution to thank the
gallant old fellow with all his heart. But
when the gentleman from Indiana proposed
to amend the resolution, adding the won Is
"for fighting in defence of the rights and
honor of their country," and when the
gentleman from Massachusetts proposed
to add to these words the clause "in a war
unnecessarily and unconstitutionally begun
by the President 'of the United States," it
was adopted eighty-five voting in the
affirmative saying by this vote, in effect,
that the Presideut had violated the con
stitution, and was answerable for all the
blood that had been spilled on the plains
of Mexico, and the whole train of attendant
miseries, because the war was brought
upon us by his unnecessary and unwarrant
ed act. MrV. now called upon the ma
jority who had thus voted, to be consis
tent with themselves, and come forward
with their impeachment. If they were in
earnest, and really believed what they had
thus solemnly voted, he demanded of them
now, as honest and brave men, to come up
to the scratch and file their articles ofim-
npachment araiost the President. Look
ing, as thevprofess, on the dark and bloody
phase of this act of the President, let them
say to him, We will have no part in your
transgression, and this your violation of
the constitution; and your solemn oath shall
not nass un rebuked. Mr V. said he had
no fear for the result of the issue he now
invoked. Let them file their impeachment
.i , i vi i ; . . . i
.i ... ,. , . . - : mr mai any sucn lerri.urv snoma ue uruuiiiA-u
the constitution. It hml wpn r n iiiP.l f.,e ?. . .. .. . ,
., . . wiinoui rerara to sucn questions as me n nmui
proviso is calculated to agitate. Mr D. took the
brod and enlarged views of a statesman looking
to the embodiment of the whole North American
continent into one great and powerful republic,
and argued that this was not only practicable,
but the facilities of communication of the present
day had rendered it even more practicable than
was that formed by the old thirteen States. The
same cry, he said, of disunion was raised when
Louisiana and other territory purchased' by the
United States was being negotiated for, and the
same virulence and denunciation was seen and
heard, but they might be profitably consulted
rather than copied at the present day.
Mr Yulee offered a substitute for the resolu
tions of Mr Dickinson, taking a different view of
the subject, but which we consider of no interest.
Mr Clayton concluded his speech in opposition
to the ten regiment bill. He said that the amount
due our citizens from Mexico had been greatly
overrated. He set it down that iG,:.il, 005 had
been claimed; that -Jit'iOjl-lO had been allowed
by Mexican commissioners ; and that $'J2,Gii
claimed by the citizens of the United States were
disallowed by Mexico. 3,'i'i0,:i had never
been presented for adjustment to the commission
ers. He argued that the amount of these claims
was small compared to the enormous amount of
territory claimed by the President as necessary
to be ceded to us by a treaty of peace. He argued
that Gen. Scott did not want any more troops.
The Genl. had told him that he could with a gra
nite column of American regulars of 4000 or 5000
men, whip any army of Mexicans, if it rained
Mexicans a week ; and he had shown the wonder
ful correctness of the remark in his late battles.
Mr C. said that an emigrant population was fast
flowing into Mexico, and that in a few years they
would be calling on the government of the U.
States to protect them, and perhaps admit them
into the Union as states.
He said there are 50,000 soldiers now in Mexico,
and Gen. Scott considers that force sufficient to
hold the whole country.
In the House, a number of bills passed by the
Senate and sent to the House for concurrence,
were announced. Among them the bill to ap
point assistant pursers in the Navy, and the bill
for the purchase of the Madison papers, being the
political writings of President Madison. This
bill passed both Houses last session, but failed to
become a law on account of some delay in the
Senate. Th widow of Mr Madison now lives in
Washington, and stands in need of some pecu
niary aid, and these papers aropurcliased as much
probably to give her assistance, as for their value
to the government.
The balance of the day was spent-in a political
Thursday, Jan. 13. In the Senate, Mr Brad
bury, from the Committee onPrinting, reported
in favor of printing 5,000 copies of the document
comprised in Mr lienton's resolution relative to
Col. Doniphan's expedition, and the report was
negotiations have not been terminated, but may
Mr Adams said the message denied the right of
the House to call for information. It was a novel
thing, and had never before been done, but once,
by Gen. Washington, and he never thought there
was sufficient reason for that.
Mr Holmes and others ably defended the course
of the President, and his firmness, in doing his
Fridati Jan. 1-1. The Senate did not sit to
day. In the House j several private bill were report
ed from the committees.
The' House, according to the rule, proceeded
to the consideration of bills on the private calen
dar, in Committee of the Whole House, (Mr H.
Cobb in tle chair.)
A very long and animated debate took pTace
on the bill for the relief of .Mary Krown, widow
of Jacob Brown, and step-mother of lamented
Major Brown, who fell at Fort Brown, opposite
M.tamoras ; which continued until the usual
hour of adjournment, when the committee rose
and reported, and the House adjourned to Mon
Mr Mangum submitted the following resolution;
which lies over one day, under the rule ;
Resolved, That the President of the
United States be requested to lay before
the Senate all the plans, estimates, and
calculations presented by Gen. Scott,
as, in his opinion, being best adapted to
attain the objects of the war, and his opin-
.. i .. !. - -i:
ion touciiing ine mnnary means necessary
to accomplish the objects of the govern
ment in any and all alternate views that
have been considered by the Executive or
suggested by Gen. Scott to bring the war
wim Mexico to a close, if not in consistent,
m the opinion of the President, with the
public serviqe. : r ; ' '
Mr H. Johnson submitted the following resou
tion ; which was agreedto : -
Resolved, That; the Committee on the
Post Office and Post Roads be instructed
to inquire iiito the expediency of making
provision, by law, to prevent the losses
sustained y the public in consequence of
intelligence'coriveyed by the daily express
established by individuals to and from New
On motion of Mr Jl. Johnson, the bill exempt
ing vessels employed by the American Coloniza
tion Society in transporting colored emigrants
from the United State to the coast of Africa, from
the provisions of the acts of the '22d February
and 2d March, 1S47 ; regulating the carriage of
passengers in merchant vessels, was taken up
The Senate resumed the consideration of th
Mr Tearce spoke at some length in opposition
to the war, and in reply to his colleague, Mr R.
Johnson. He expressed his determination not
to vote for any supplies for the further prosecu
tion of the war, but merely to sustain our troops
now in the field.
Mr BadgT obtained the floor, but yielded it
to Mr Butler. The Senate adjourned till Monday.
In the House, a message was received from the
President in answer to a resolution of the House
calling for information in regard to the return of
Santa Anna and Paredes to Mexico. He referred
the House to reports of the Secretaries of War
and Navy and to his annual message for all infor
mation on the subject, which it was proper to
give. With regard to the instructions and orders
issued to MrSlidell, the President answered that,
although the House had omitted the customary
and usual reservation of asking for nothing to be
communicated which might be prejudicial to
public interests, he could' not, consistently with
constitutional duties, violate- an important prin
ciple. Ife cited the precedent of President Wash
ington, who refused a call of the' House for infor
mation in rrcard to Jay's treaty, after the treaty
Jiad beca ratified; and in the present instance the
By the Charleston CouriiT Kxpross we learn that there
were several arrivals at Xfw Orleans ou liUh from Vera
Cruz, with news from that place to the 4th. The most im
portant item consists of an indefinite but very current ru
mor that secret negotiations are on foot, which promise
peace. It comes from several sources usually well inform
ed, and the impression was said to be very strong at Tain
plco. The fact that MrTrist does not return home, most
likely leads to the surmise that he and Uen Scott have
some hope held out to them of a disposition to negotiate.
One writer supposes that the despatches sent on to Wash
iugton a few days ago. are from M r Trist. asking for a re
newal of his powers.
For the North Carolinian.
Mr Editor: The Quarterly Session of the Grand
Division of the Sons of Temperance of North Ca
lina was held in this place on Thursday the 20th'
inst. In the evening of the same day, we listen
ed to a very neat and appropriate Address by Mr
Wm. K. Ulake. We could not, in justice to Mr
Blake, attempt any analysis of the speech. The
orator seemed to feel the truth and consequent
power of the " principles which he advocated.
There was no attempt at rhetorical flourish : a
smooth, yet forcible manner, alike worthy of the
speaker and of the occasion, characterized the
The effect of intoxication upon the moral con
dition of man was strikingly illustrated, and the
appropriate lesson well deduced. Nor were we
less pleased with the manner in which habit was
shown to be powerful for good as well as for evil
that habit will as readily correct a vitiated
taste as it will vitiate a correct taste.
On the whole, Mr Editor, we passed quite a
pleasant hour in the enjoyment of an intellectual
treat, and. can but regret that the young men of
Fayetteville arc not more frequently entertained
in a similar manner.
We think, from a view of the happy influence
of the Order of the Sons of Temperance, that
every real philanthropist and friend of the State
will join us in wishing a brilliant and well-merited
success to the cause in every portion of North
It is a cause not only calculated to suppress
selfishness, to elevate moral sentiment and thus
to make men better because more beneficent; but
t is-ene that appeals to our State pride ; in that
tt affects the character of the State by its opera
tion upon individual character .
(SO" -A great supper, in honor of the 8th of Jar
tiary, was givfen on thfe 12th, by the democrat, of
Washington eityV at JaCkstoil Halt. Francis P.
Blair being indisposed, the venerable editor
the Union, Mr Ritchie, presidej and in hi.
speech recounted the glories of ttif rrhmort.?
Jackson. ( ,
Among the regular toast?, we selecvthe fol'
lowing ivio as the most brilliant :
The slain in battle: Like stars that . j.:
glory, their epitaph is immortality.
liemecracy : When the storm roars wildest ,:
the rock that buffets the billows shelters the eaglv
The Hon. Mr Dickinson, Senator from Nevy
York, was the orator of the day, and made an able
speech, appropriate to the occasion- The follow
ing beautiful sentiment, so poetical and so grand
in conception", forms a pHrf offiis address, and we
h-umb!y p?ay" tlraf his prediction so boldly made,
and so elegantly expressed, may stand' th test of
time to eternity :
" When at one fdl swoop, the vast area of Ore'
gon and Texas was "annexed," the predictions of
the approaching dissolution of the confederacy,
were numberless and loud; and yet our glorious
Union stands ay and shall stand, and tower
proudly above the nation, of the earth, long alter
the hoarse note of the timorous and fearful
architects of ruin," shall have been forgotten.
and consigned to an oblivion from whence thei e
shall be no resurrection.
" Moored fn th rifted rock
Proof to the tempest's shock,
The lirmr it root hiTn.'th ruder it blows "
Mr Dickinson is" a " whole hog " " manifest
destiny mai.." He concluded hi speech with
the following toast :
" A more perfect Union": Embracing tho en
tire North American continent.
, i ti rturr p ni iipni i wTa i ni . puprs i! m
Davis formed his regiment of Mississippi Riih j f
into the shape of the letter V; it vVa in allusion
to this that the following toast was given :
Col. Jefferson Davis: The point of the wedge
upon which the Mexican phalanxes split."
The Colonel not being present, Mr Venable I
North Carolina, apologized tor him in a few well
For the Carolinian.
Mr Editor: I was jest thinkin' t'other day w hat
a fix you'd got into 'twixt your partie'lar friend
the " political john dunkey" and literary jimmy,
your Wilmington correspondent what vpldn't
be. Santa Anny's brigadeer gineral.Mr Hale, ses
that commission wasn't intended for him no sich
thing; but was sent to you as the partie'lar
friend of Mr Polk, and because you sorter backed
out and wouldn't go to fight the Mexicans. But
" little jimmy" ses you wanted to go, but was so
onpoplar (poor little jimmy! I hate to mention
that word in his hearin') that after drummin' all
about, you couldn't git men enuff'to go with you.
And I was jest wonderin' how the brigadeer and
jimmy would settle this discripancy; but I believe
they're jest agoin' to let it stay so. And seein'
as you didn't seem to take on about it, I thought
I'd stir 'cm up myself. There's one thing in
jimmy's favor, and that is, he's two miles nigher
the truth nor the brigadeer; because I was ' one
of 'em" what was goin' with yon, and I know
there was a heap of drummin' about, but the men
did'nt come up. But I keep noticiu' that your
particlar friend aforesed evVf time he's hard up
for an answer to somethirrE-ou say, he ses you
backed out. So it? my private opinion that he's
mightily vexed because you did'nt go to Mexico
and leave him all the pickin's; for he's found you
summut in his way all along, and he dont care
about dividin' the dollars with you, no how. He's
bin mighty cute in rnanagin, by hook an by cruk,
as they say,-to run off all the editors that tried to
set dp here for the democrats. He knows hovv to
pull the wires to put money in his puss, as the
man ses in the plav.
" ONE OF 'EM."
fOur friend" oncf 'em" must lie a phnosopher. Editor
fjCJ- Does the refusal of the Hoesc of Represen
tatives to restore the mail to the Richmond Rail
road sustain the correctness of thc-rostmaster
General or not ? Let the defenders of monopoly,
who have abused the Postmaster, answer.
Ixdi vn Miners. From .recent discov
eries on the shores of Lake Superior, it is
supposed that some of the veins of copper"
were worked by the Indians in the days of
yore. Wedges antl hammers made of stone
have been found in some of the pits.
The accounts of JAMES KYLE, for the year
IS 17, are made out ; those who do not wish to
pay interest will please call and settle.
The STORE on Market' Square, now occupied bY H. H.
Ellis. Possession given on the 12th of February. Inquire
at Bell's Bonk Store.
January 2.1S8. 466-tf
PR'lCES. Elour in Baltimore,-on 15th, $C per
bbl. Corn mel per bbl. $3,50: Wheat $1 :i:
Western lard 0 to 7 ets in kegs,
per lOO lbsgross. Live hogs $5
firm, but sales moderate.'
Beef cattle :
The National Intelligencer opposes the raitinir
of the new t(?n regiments, for which a bill is now
before Congress. If, from a want of forces, anv
catastrophe should happen to the army in Mexi
co who would be the first to cry out against the
President for maladministration ?
Mr Clay arrived in Washington City on the
In Lumberton, on the 12th inst., by Thomas
Norment,- Esq., Mr John O'. Daniel to Mrs Mai
In this toVn, on the 20th inst., Mr Z. Borough ; ,
in the 47th year of his age. , Mr B. was a rhV
chant of this place for the last 25 years, and I.
death is lamented by all his acquaintances. 1. ,
leaves a large number of relatives to mourn tlu a
At a meeting of Lafayette DMiMon No. 2 Song of Tt tri
I'craiice. ln-Kl at their DirVsiiys Ito' tn'Tfrtirsday evoniiiv'
January 20tU.' it yr'na un'auim'ou-iy Resolved. That f'.T
thank; of tblis PiTinion be tendered! to the Officers of 1
I'rrnbyterian Church for the uw of that Church on Hi
20th int.;: also to tho Rev. A. Gilchrist for his servicc-fc
WM. J. YATES, 1
J AX. II. llMUiUMI..l()IU ;n
JOSEI'H AREV, Jr. )
Wanted to Sire,
.ATVp5ionH-'tf THve a timber watrvn, ahio 'a timber limn! .
in tKe vicinity of Pronpert Hall. Bladen county. A lilwi:il
price will be given. Apply to Mr Jang Martinc. Kayi-tl -ville.
or to Mr Alex. Johnson, Centre Bridge, near rnwi t
January 22. 184. 466-2t.
" BOOKS ! BOOKS !
The subscriber keeps constantly on hand and for salt!, a
larire assortment of Books, Taper. I'enx. Pictures, Wafer.'.
Sealing Wax. Motto Wafers, Feucils, Note Taper, Slates,
School Books. Novels. Sue.
Ju.t received, a new supply of the Famfly Book, Major
Jones Courtship, Letter-writer, with1 various o.hfrn not
enumerated, at BELL'S BOOK' STORK.
N. B. New books, old book, pamphlet. in.igarfttM. imi
s:c. &c, bound" in a neat manner and at short notice. Scud
them in: br-forc they get lost or destroyed, to
Jan 2-2.184..- KRBF.I.L.
THE exercises of this Institution will bo rosumed on
Monday the 31st day of January, ou the original terms.
Moore county. N. C, Jan"y 15. ISIS. 2t-pd.
Corrected weekly Jor the JS'orth Carolinian.
roCTPT rRODL'CE. COTS
Brandy, poach, gal 40 to 42
do apple 40, to 41
Beeswax, lb -0 to 22"
Cotton. lbs 8 to 7.
orn. bnsliel. 55 to 00
Hour, bbl 50O to ft.Vj
Flaxseed, bushel to 110
Feathers, lb 20 to 32
Fodder. lOO lbs t0 to 100
Hides, green, lb
O'l. linseed, gal
FATATtl I f
Beef, on the hfx.f. Z '. to 4
I hielcvn?. carfh;
2 to 3
6 to 8
10 to 8
30 to 35
f.5 to 75
0O to 55
80 to 85
5 to 25
85 to 05
32 to '15
13 to 15
15 to n
12 to 15
10 to 13
65 to GO
5 to 6
40 to CO
MfinCHADIf C. CC.1TI
BaT rope, pd 8 to 10
Bagging, hvy, yd 18 to 20
Coffee. Itio, pd
Iron, swedes pd
do extra sizes
Nails, keg pd
on. lamp gal
Kum. Jamaica, gal
do St 1 roix 78 to
14 to 11
8 to in
10 to 15
15 to 17
40 to 45
8 to 3.
Cotton ysrn. pound 17
4-4 brown shcet'g, yard 7
3-4 do do dn 7
Osnaburgs. yard 11
do N E
'usar, N O, pd
do Porto Rico.
6 to 6L
4 to 4 V
27 to 33
87 to I40
50 to 60O
5 to 0
50 to S00
100 to 178
65 to m
8 to 9
8 to 9
8 to 10
13 to 15
Liverpool, sack. 20O
Alum, bush 50 to 60
Tea, pd 60 to 150
I wine, nat-cme, pi 20
Wine, Malaga, 65 to 60
do Madeira, TOO to 350
do Port 760 to 300
Glass. 8x10, feTt. 225
do 10x12 250 fo 275
WhiU lead. keg. 200 to 250
TIitc ars no particular changes to note in prices this
week. Trad- has been fcrisk. Sales of cotton made as hijeh
as 8 ets Floor $5 to 55 60 Corn; 55 to' 00 Whiskey 3j
Brandy 4C"to 42.
WILMINGTON, Jan. 191. Turpentine 325 for
Soft, and 1,15 for Hard ; Spirits Turpentine 3J
tts. per gallon.- ar l,"7(r; there is a good de
mand for the article. No change rrr Timber
wortli noticing. A raft of Flooring Board. eoM
at S , and another at 9 dfs.; a raffc of Wide Boards
and Scantling brought 6 both kinds. S'hingles
are in demand again ; sales at 2J to 3 dls. Sales
of K. O. hhd: Stave's at 11 to 17dls.,aper quali
ty. fJrouhd" rc;s- are selling from the carts at
Transitions in Groceries as follows : Cuba
Molasses at 23 cts.; Porto Rico Sugar at 7 cts.;
Rio Coffee al 7J cts. Chronicle.
CHERAW Jan. 11.
sales 7J to 7 ct.
-Cotton to 8 principle