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congreyp. w i'upwvv luiuuiium irvm injuiuce ana op
pression by ma jorities. The equality of their represent tton in the Senate, and the veto power of the- President, are the constitutional guaranties which the smaller States " bare that their rights will be respected. Without these guarantiee all their interests would be at the merer of ma jorities in Congress representing the lanrer stu t k. smaller and weaker States, therefore, the preservation of tnis auu its ocreise upon proper occasion! demand ing it. is of vital importance. They ratified the constitu tion, and entered into the Union, securing to themselves an equal representation with the larger States in the Sen ate ; and they agreed to be bound by all laws passed by Congress upon the express condition, and none other, that they should be approved by the President, or passed, bis ob jections to the contrary notwithstanding, by a vote of two thirds of both houses. Upon this condition they hate a right to insist, as a part of the compact to which they gave their assen'j A bill might be passed by Congress against the will of the whole people of a particular State, and against the votes .of its senators and all its representatives. However prejudicial it might be td the interest of Such State, it would be bound by it if the President shall approve it, or it should be passed b a vote tf two-thirds of both houses ; but it has a right to demand that the President shall exer cise his constitutional power, and arret It. if hi judgment is against it. II he surrender this power, or fail to exercise it in a case where he cannot approve, it would make his formal approval a mere mockery, and would b.- itself a vio lation of the constitution, and the dissenting State would become bound by a law which had not been passed accord ing to the sanctions of the constitution. The objection to the exercise of the veto" power is found ed upon an idea respecting the popular will, which, if car ried out. would annihilate State sovereignty.' and substi tute for "the present fedefal government a consolidation, directed by a supposed numerical majority. A revolution of the government would be silently effected, and the States would be subjected to laws to which they had never given tbeir constitutional consent' The Supreme Court of the United States is invested with the power to declare, and has declared, acts of CengrefS paied with the concurrence of the Senate, the House of Representatives, arid the approval of the President, to be unconstitutional and void ; andyetnoue.it is presumed, tan be found, who will be disposed to strip this highest judicial tribunal under the constitution of this acknowl edged power a power necessary alike to its independence and the rights of individuals. For the same reason that the Executive veto should, ac cording to the doctrine maintained, be rendered nugatory, and be practically expunge i . from the constitution, this power of the court should also be rendered nugatory and be expunged, because it restrains the legislative and exe cutive will, and because the exercise of such a power by the court may be regarded as being in conflict with the capacity of the people to govern themselves. Indeed, there is more reason for striking this power of the court from the constitution than there is that of the qualified veto of the President; because the decision of the court is final, and can never be reversed, even though both houses of Congress and the President should be unanimous in oppo sition to it ; whereas the veto of the President maybe overruled by a vote of two-thirds of both houses of Con gress, or by the people at the polls. It is obvious that to preserve the system established by the constitution, each of the co ordinate branches of the government the executive, legislative. and judicial must be left in the exercise of its appropriate powers. If the ex ecutive or the judicial branch be deprived of powers con ferred upon either as checks on the legislative, the prepon derance of the latter will become disproportionate and ab sorbing, and the others impotent for the accomplishment of the great objects for which they were established Or ganized aS t.heV a Kv thiki.nniitititfiiui tli..v wnpb rw... I.i.i harmoniously for the public good. If the executive and the judiciary shall be deprived of the constitutional powers invested in them, and of their due proportions, the equilib rium of the system must be destroyed, and consolidation, with the most pernicious results, must ensue a consolida tion of uncheckird. despotic power exercised by majorities of the legislative branch. The executive, legislative, and judicial, each constitutes a separate co-ordinate department of the government; and each is independent of the others. In the performance f their respective duties under the constitution, neither van. in its legitimate action, control the others. They each act upon their several responsibilities in their respec tive spheres ; but if the doctrines now maintained be cor rect, the executive must become practically subordinate to the legislative, and thejudiciary must become subordin ate to both the legislative and the executive; and thus the whole power of the government would be merged in a single department. Whenever, if ever, this shall occur. ur glorious system of well-regulated sclf-governincnt will crumble into ruins to be succeeded, first by anarchy, and finally by monarchy or despotism. I am far from Ix-liev- tng that this dufctriue is the sentiment of the American people : and during the short period which remains in which it will be my duty to administer the executive de partment, it will be my aim to maintain its independence, wild discharge its duties, without infringing upon the pow ers or duties of cither of the other departments of the government. The power of the executive veto was exercised bv the first and most illustrious of my predecessors, and by four of his successors who preceded me in the administration of thegovernmeiit.nnd.it is believed, in no instance preju dicially to the public interests. It has never been, and there is but little danger that it ever can be abused. No President will ever desire, unnecessarily .to place his opinion iu opposition to that of Congress. He must always exer cm the power reluctantly, and only in cases where his con victions make it a matter of stern duty, which he cannot escape Indeed, there is more danger that the President, from the repugnance he must always feel to come in colli sion with Congress, may fail to exercise it in cases where the pieservatiou of t he constitution from infraction, or the puhliv good, may demand it. th.m that he will ever exer cise it unnecessarily or wantonly. During I he period I have administered the executive de partment of the government, irreat and important ques tions of public policy, foreign and domestic, have arisen, upon which it a my duty to act. It may indeed be truly said that my administration has fallen upon eventful times. I have felt most sensibly the weight of the high responsibilities devolved upon me. With no other object than tUe public good. I he enduring fame, and permanent prosperity of my country. I hive pursued the convictions f ihv own iM-st .judgment. The impartial arbitrament of ertiightened public opinion, present and future, will deter mine how far the public policy I have maintained, and the tneawurei! I havr? from time to time recommended, may iave tended t- advance or retard the public prosperity at iimai-. anl to elevate or dcfi-res the estimate of our nation al -character aferwsul. Invuking the blessings of tlte Almighty upon your de liberations at your present important session, my ardent hope is. that in a spirit of hnriaony ami concord, you may be guided to wise results, and sweh as may redouud to the happiness, the honor, and t he glory of our beloved couutry. JAMES K. POLK- Washington. December 5, 18-W. i Antiocli Academy. The exercises in Antioch Academy will be resumed the ensuing year on the 1st of January, under the supervision .of its former able and efficient instructor. Mr James Inglis. Mr Inglis came to us highly recommended by the President of Jelierson College, Pa.; and it now affords us much plea sure to be able, from our own knowledge, to commend him as a gentleman of extensive, thorough scholarship, and a faithful, efficient teacher. We are satisfied that jroiith under his instruction will receive a thorough moral juid literary training. Tuition f S. and $.10 per session of five mouths. Board $6 per month. No deduction for absence, except in eases of protracted nc A. 11. CUKltlK. Secretary. December 10. :848. 512-lit FRUIT. Now on ham!, Orail&es, I-ClUOllss, Pine Apples, Cocoanuts, Bananas, Dates, Currants, Raisins, Different kinds of Nuts. Sic. ! 16. 184S. It For sale by W. TRIOR. State of Xortk Carolina Robeson County. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions JK'oe ember Term, 11. Susannah Tnge vs. Heirs at law of Joseph rage. Petition for Dower. It .iKnearinir to the Court that tliles F.lvington and his ,r i-irv Aun and Marr Conoiy. are not inhabitants of (this State, it is ordered by the Court that publication be made for six weeks in the'.N'orth Carolinian, notifying said defeudants to be and appear at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the couuty of Rob eson, at the Court House In Luuibertou. on the fourth Monday in February next, then and there to plead, an swer, or demur to the petition, or the same will be taken proconfesso and beard ex parte as to them. Witness. Shadraeh Howejl. Clerk of our said Court at Office, the fourth Monday of November. A D 1S4S. SIl'D. HOWELL. Clerk. Dec 16. 1S47. 512-6t. pr adv 3 '2 State of North Carolina .Robeson County, Court of Pleas ami Quarter Sessions JS'ocember Term, 1S4S, Wm. G. Oliver and wife, and others, vs. Mary Conoiy. Petition to sell slaves. It appearing to the Court that M rv Conoiy is not an inhabitant of this State, it is ordered by the Court that publication be made for six weeks in the Narth Carolinia notifying said defendant to be and appear at our next Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for tne county f Robeson at-the Court House in Lumberton. on the fourth Meuday of February next , then and there to plead, answer, or demur to the petition, or the same will be taken pro coofesso" and heard ex parte as to them. Witness. Shadraeh Howell. Clerk of our said Court at Office, the fourth Monday of November, A. D. 1848. SH'O. HOWELL, Clerk. Dec. 16, 1S48. 512-6t. pr adv $3 25 NORTH CAROLINIAN. Wm M. Baynt, Kill tor and Proprietor. FArETTEVILLE, C. 1G. 1040. PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. To make room for thi document, and beside, keep up with the cut Jw?i' ""I, naTe compelled to leave out all the old ad- We entreat that no one be deterred from reacting the message on account of its length. We pay it the highest -SSSi,r,.t-.W"-.V ' thafc American citn should read it attentively. 30TH CONGRESS. SECOND SESSION. N. C. LEGISLATURE. femVlv TenTfoVbythe Perfo-- of the Carncroes f.t?H!? re an excellent Aiolin player, a iTaaid that ? charminS .iters with silver voices. "i0ea" wlth his lute made trees. And the mountain tops that freeze. Bow themselves when he did sing." So these graceful "sisters three" may make "Even the billows of the sea. Hang their heads, and then lay by." The two younger sisters are admirable dancers. W7 They will perform again to-night. INSANE ASYLUM. We are under obliga tions to Mr Dobbin for a copy of Miss Dix's Re port oil the subject of an Asylum for the Insane, in North Carolina. We shall give the subject consideration next week. 'SPECULATION!- A letter from Raleigh in forms us that the opinion is that Mr Badger can not be elected Senator, because Wm. B. Shepard, Esq., the whig Senator frorri Pasquotank and Per quimans has declared his intention not to vote for him on any condition. It is thought, that a democrat will be returned from Yancy. And that Oglesby, whigdomrrioner from Surry, will have to surrender his seat to Mr Waugh, dem. This Is good if it be realized. A GANG OF VILLAINS. We have received from Messrs Geo. . W. Wat son, N. R. Bryan, Joseph Cook, and Winship Bryan, a communication stating that considera ble excitement exists in the lower and adjoining ends of Moore and Chatham counties, in conse quence of the conduct of several men, believed to be a band of robbers and counterfeiters. Two of the men staid at Mr Joseph Cook's house all night, and behaved suspiciously. In the morning they presented a ten dollar note on the Cape Fear Bank, to pay their fare. Mr Cook thought it was counterfeit, (in which opinion he has been since confirmed) and would not receive it. Thej- pretended to have no other money, and got oft without paying at all. They have tried in various ways and with different persons to pass like notes, and get good money in return for change. One of them lodged a night with Mr Newton R. Bryan, and succeeJed in passing one of the notes. to him. - They are all said to be young men. Two of them a 5 or .'JO, and another about 20. years. About two weeks ago, the house of Mr Wicker was entered by two men, who were seen by Mrs Wic ker. They had examined the sideboard in which was Mr Ws money, about $200, but were frightened off before they got it. They had pre viously lodged at Mr Wicker's tine night, and saw him have the money, and where he put if. The public are guarded against these men; and all good citizens are called on to exercise vigil ance with a view to their apprehension. Two of them were tall, thin visaged men; very ordinarily clad; and the third was of middle stat- ure. All of them had a sort of sheepstealer's ap pearance. They travelled on horseback. CHOLERA. The Washington Union has trans lated from a Constantinople paper, what is set down as an infallible remedy for Cholera, and so simple that any person can practice it. It is this: As soon as the vomiting or purging of the pa tient commences, place the Igs in water to the knees, as hot as can well be borne. Thr,ow in 6 or 7 handfulls of salt. Rub the legs violently, and open the large veins in the feet, and let them bleed 13 or 20 minutes. The heat of the. water to be kept up until the heat of the body begins to be restored. ARKANSAS SENATOR. Hon. S. Borland, (or Maj. Borland, as he was in the Mexican war) i who was appointed by the Governor to fill the unexpired term of Mr Sevier, (when Mr S. went to Mexico to negotiate the treaty) which appoint ment was confirmed by the Legislature, has also been elected by the same body for the full term of six years from next March. RE-NOMINATED ! A democratic meeting at a place called St. Mary's, in Ohio, held on 21st Nov., passed one resolution, among others, rc noininating Cass &. Butler for 1852! They are earlv at all events. Clerk and Master's Sale of LAND. Pursuant to an order made at Fall Term of the Court of Equity, the undersigned will expose to public sale upon the premises, on the ?7th day of January neat- the PLAN TATION of the late Benjamin Chapman The land is situated on the west side of Cape Fear River, adjoining James Kirkpatrick and others, and is well known as the Chapman land. The sale will be made ou a credit of six months for ene-balf the purchase money, and 12 months for the balance. Bonds with approved sureties will be rjr quired. ARCrTD A T, SMITH, C. M. E. ' December 16. 1848. 512-fs THE REV. G. COP WAY, (Chief of the Chip pewa tribe of Indians,) delivered an address be fore Lafayette Division Sons of Temperance, in this place, on the &th inst. ELECTORAL COLLEGES. The 6th of December was the day on which all the Electors of President and Vice President in each State were to meet and cast the vote of the State according to the instructions from the peo ple. The North Carolina Electors met accordingly, and voted for Taylor and Fillmore. The Raleigh Standard say that the most amusing point of the business was the great number of applicants for the post of Messenger to carry the vote to Wash ington. We are glad, however, that our friend and townsman, Dr. Gilliam, was the successful candi date. The Doctor no doubt performed the duty with pleasure, punctuality and fidelity. SOUTH CAROLINA. The electoral college met at Columbia on the 6th, and cast the vote of the State for Cass and Butler. Mr Blaek, (sob of the tat Hon. James A. Black, who died at Washington city) has been selected to take on the vote to Washington. He will bring the remains of his fattier home with him. i The electoral colleges of Pennsylvania. Kw York. Mu. achusefAs, New Jersey Virginia, New Hampshire. Con necticut, Jd Maryland, all of which have cast the vote of their respective Statea as instructed by the people- YANCY.' COUNTY. The election took placa on the Sth. Th Asheville Messenger says that Calvin Edner, whiff, and J. W.Garland and Jabez Jervis, democrats, are the candidates. RESI GNE dX-G n Taylor ha snt in his re signation of hi office as Major General. His of fice to expir on 1st February. . Mcnday, Dec. -11. In the Senate, some debate took place on pro position to print an extra number of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, which proposi tion was agreed to. Mr Douglass presented a memorial from Wm. H. Aspinwall, John L. Stephens and Henry Chauncey, stating that they have procured for themselves an exclusive grant for 99 years, from the government of New Grenada for constructing a railroad across the itthmus of Panama; &. they ae,k Congress to aid them in that undertaking. They do not ask Congress for pecuniary aid, except so far as a pledge that if they (the saidl Aspinwau oi. to.-j shall build the road, the gov ernment shall employ said road tor transportation oi mans, munitions ot war, and so forth, as en couragement to the enterprise. ' . Mr Badger presented a memorial from a num ber of Ministers and delegates of the Kehukee Primitive Baptist association, of North Carolina, which we shall notice next week. Mr Douglass introduced a bill for the admission of California and New Mexico into the Union as a State. This bill contemplates the admission at this sesssion of Congress; but it would be a novejL and unprecedented, although it might be a very practicable and wise, measure. It has heretofore " "j uccu -mc cushhii ior states to nave a con-- stitution, &c, before coming into the Unions which California has not. ;jt In the House, the Speaker announced the stand- ing Committees. A great number of resolutions ol a local nature, were offered, of no general in terest to us. Tuesday, Dec. 12. In the Senate a number of petitions and reso lutions were presented, of no general importance. The standing Committees were appointed. The Senate went into secret session and adjourned. In tfife House, a number of petitions and re solutions Were offered, which were of no interest: CHAPLAINS. The House of Representatives have elected Rev. ft. R. Gurley, Presbyterian ; and the Senate3 Rev. Mr Slicer, Methodist. On account of the press of matter this week, we must compress the proceedings of the Legis lature into a small space; but shall, nevertheless, I give every item of interest or importance. The body has not yet had time to see what is to be done, and how it ought to be done; and therefore it cannot be expected that the proceedings will , be of any great interest until next week and tnereafter. Liater From Europe. Bostojt, Dec. 6. The Britannia arrived this dav, at 10 o'clock. after an IS days passage, bringing dates from Eu rope to ISth Nov. Breadstuffs were dull and declining. Cotton rather inclined to improve in price. It is reported that the troops of the Emperor, after entering Vienna, (of which we gave an ac count last week) committed many acts of outrage against the citizens. ,.In.Engl3nd there-was no news of importance. Of upwards of 1000 cases of cholera, about one half had terminated fatally. In Ireland there was great distress, and times, growing worse. , SENATE. Friday, Dec. 8. Immediately after the journal of the preceding day had been read, the two Houses voted for a Judge of the Supreme, Court. The Senate vote was as follows : Strange 25 ; Pearson 19 5 Battle 6. Mr Graham presented a petition from citizens of Duplin, praying that the free hold qualification for Senatorial voters be abolished ; and also that jury trials be abolished in the County Courts, and the jurisdiction of Justices extended in certain cases. Mr Eborn presented a Resolution in. structing the Judiciary Committee to en quire into expediency ot the County Courts laying a tax on black polls to defray ex penses of patrol. Adopted. "r The two Houses voted again for Supreme Courf'Judse. . The Senate Vote was as follow : Strange 24 j Pearson 20 5 Bal tle 4. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr Newson, from the committee on the election of Supreme Court Judge, reported the joint vote of the two Houses yesterday as follows : Strange 75, Pearson 65. Bat tle 29- Mr Steele, from the military committee, reported back the following bills : A bill to incorporate the "Foresters,'' with amend ments which were adopted: and the bill passed its second reading. A bill to in Regiment, which was referred to-the com mittee on Military Affairs. Mr Stanly, sundry memorials from citizens of Beaufort county, praying an amendment of the militia laws, which were referred to the Military committee. perior Court Judge on Saturday at J2 o'clock, to supply the place of judge Pearson, elected to Su preme Court Benrh. But the Senate did not con cur. Judge Battle whig is a candidate, and also J. W. Ellis, of Rowan, democrat. Mr Sheek. a Bill nrovidimr forth-. 1 "n 1 nursla-v. the b, to incorporate the Char- men t of the constitution of the State of i L"eaud Danville "-road was the order of the North Carolina, which passed its first read ing and was referred to committee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be printed This bill proposed to carry out the pnn A desultory discussion on Mr Steele's resolu tions resulted in referring them to a select com mittee of two from each political party .- Mr W. H. Joyner, of Franklin county,-and Mr GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE, No. 2. Railroad from Gaston to Chariot le On the 4th of December, Gov. Graham sent in a message to the Legislature, in answer to a call made upon him for information as to what were the details of his plan for organizing a company to extend the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad to Charlotte, N. C. His plan is, to form a joint stock company, with a capital of two millions of dollars, or two millions and a half, as the case may require. Of this amount, he recommends that the State of N. Carolina shall furnish one-half, and individuals shall furnish the other half. And that the State shall give in to said new company, in which she is an equal partner, the road now owned by the State, as $500,000 of her subscription, and when it shall become necessary for her to pay the bal ance ($500,000) she shall borrow the money to do so, upon a credit of thirty years. .But the State is to insist that the Raleigh and Gaston road which she transfers, shall be put in perfect repair, and forty miles of the continuation to wards Charlotte be completed, before she will agree to borrow the $500,000. This plan, the Governor earnestly recom mends, but whether it will be adopted or not, remains to be seen. It is unnecessary for us to give the details of the plan at present. corporate the Somerfield Guards, with amendments which were adopted ; and which passed its second reading. Un favorably, a bill to arrange the Captain's districts, in each connty in the State. which was laid on the table. Also the memorial from citizens of Beaufort county in reference to amendments in the militia laws, asking leave to be discharged from the further consideration of the same which report was concurred in. Mr Ellis, from the select committee to whom was referred the memorial of Miss Dix in reference to a State lunatic Asylum, repotted a bill for the establishment of a Hospital for that purpose, which passed i its first reading Air R. I. McDowell presented a bill accompanied by a memorial to establish a new county by the name of Graham; which was read and referred to the committee on Propositions and Grievances. Mr J. J. Williams presented a counter memorial on the same subject ; which was referred to the same committee. Mr McNeill presented a bill to incor porate Antioch Academy, in the county of Robeson ; which passed its first reading find was referred to the committee on pri vate Bills. - Mr McMullen a. bill to incorporate Mil ton Savings Bank in the town of Milton $ which passed its first reading and was referred to a select committee of five. Mr Bai ringer a bill for the more speedy and certain administration of justice ; wnicn p?.sseu itsnrst reauing. This bill carries out the recommenda tions of the Governor in his biennial mes sage, providing for the abolishment of the County Courts, increasing the number of Judicial Circuits, &c . &c. The joint vote of the two Houses for Supreme Court Judge resulted as follows : JB1T TELEGRAPH FOR THE CAROLINIAN. Raleigh, Dec. 15, 3 o'clock, p.' m. To-dar, Mr Collins was re-elected Comptroller of the State; and a whig Council was also chosen. No further movements in regard to Senator. Qr- The South Carolina Legislature have pas sed to second readings bills authorizing the State to subscribe JOO.000 to the South Carolina part of the Wilmington and Manchester railroad, and to afford aid to the Columbia, Greenville, and Charlotte roads rinl. of Knual SulTrae. -The renorter . " will eive the provisions of the bill when it S 1' UadS ff Charlotte, have been appointed j ' i u. .. f engrossing Clerks. is reporicu uac& iu me uuu&c iruiu mc lum mittee. Mr Paine, from the same -committee, an unfavorable report on the bill for the relief of witnesses in suits removed from .one County to another. On motion of Mr Campbell it was indefinitely oostuoned. The Speaker announced that the hour of 12 o'clock had arrived, when, according Jo a joint resolution the two Houses were to i compare the vote for Governor at the last August election. . A message was sent to the Senate, in forming that body, that the House was reatiy to receive them lor that purpose. The two Houses then assembled in gen eral Convention, Mr Speaker Graves of the Senate in the Chair Mr Patterson of the Senate and Messrs Mebane and Courts of the House, officiat ed as tellers, 'Hie Clerks of the two Houses then proceeded to examine the Sheriffs re turns of the several Counties of the State. After the vote had been compared, Mr Speaker Graves announced that Charles Manly, ksq., had received 42,536 votes, and llavid S Reid Esq., 41582 votes. Mr Manly having received a majority of 854, of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected Governor of the State of N Carolina for two years after the 1st day of January next. THE TERRITORIAL QUESTION, it now ap pears, is likely to be settled by admitting Califor nia and New Mexico as a State, or States; so as to let the people therein fight the battle them selves, as to whether they shall tolerate slavery there or not. This plan would, beyond a doubt, decide the question against the extension of slavery into those territories; because the inhabitants there have already remonstrated against it; and it is not likely that slaveholders will now go there in sufficient numbers to turn the scale. -The nor- -i thern men have seen this state of affairs, and will take advantage of it. We suppose the south can not object to such an arrangement. OHIO. The mob spirit exhibited by the whig minority in the Legislature of Ohio, is another instance of their being the " law and order," and " decency" party. The Senate, which has IS democrats and IS whigs, was organized by a com promise; while iu the House the democrats have a majority. 42 members, and the whigs refuse to be sworn in, by which means they prevent a quo rum from assembling. And tbjey not only do this, but the "Columbus Statesman" says that they go into the hall where the democrats are, and yell and swear like savages; so much so that it has been difficult to prevent bloodshed between the parties. With the merits of the case we are not familiar, but the bearing of the parties is a very good in dication of which is right. SENATE. Monday, Dec. 11. Ordered, That the Message of Gov- Gra ham, in reference to the extension of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road to Charlotte, be referred to a select committee of five. The two Houses then voted for a Supreme Court Judge. The Senate vote was as follows j Pearson 18; Strange 24 ; Battle 8. Mr Halsey then intioducetl the following Preamble and Resolution, which were una nimously adopted : Whereas, the General Assemblvof the State of North Carolina, now in session, have witnessed witn profound admiration the zealous labors of Miss Dix. of New York, in the cause of the suffer ing insane within pur borders; and whereas, this bodv is desirous of testifvinir its resnert and j gratitude for the enlarged and noble philanthropy wnicn nas prompted tnese labors it is Resolved, That the thanks of the people of this State are due, and through this Gen eral Assembly, representing the people, are tendered to that amiable Christian Philan thropist, for her self-sacrificing devotion to the cause of those unfortunate sons and daughters of North Carolina, whose claims she has so ably and eloquently urged. Resolved further, That His Excellency the Governor be requested to transmit to Miss Dix a copy of the above Preamble and Resolutions. The two Houses again voted for a Su preme Court Judge the name of the Hon. William H. Battle having been withdraw n from the nomination. The - Senate vote was as follows: Pearson 26 5 Strange 24. The engrossed bill for dividing the coun ty of Stokes was read the third time and passed yeas, 32 nays 9, and ordered to be enrolled. CO-The Greensborough Patriot rather opposes the railroad from Raleigh to Charlotte. That paper says that the road will benefit Fayetteville some, but that the counties north of the road will not be benefitted by It "one red cent; which is about a fact We guess. That paper thinks that if the Richmond and Danville and Col nmbia and Charlotte roads be built the con nection between Charlotte and Danville will be made whether the Raleigh and Charlotte road be built or not; BALTIMORE ARGUS. This racy sheet comes to us, we are glad to perceive, much en larged and improved. Success to it.- MARRIED. The Point Coupee, La., Echo, announces the marriage of Major Bliss and Miss Betsey Taj lor, daughter of the General. MARRIED In Newbern, Mr Cutler J. White to Miss Antt Chesnut. In Jones cotinty, Mr Amos Wetherton to Miss Mary Frances Owen. In Cabarrus countv, Mr Lawson A. Melchor to Miss Clara Ann Coleman. In Lincoln ton, Mr John E. Boger of Salisbury, to Miss Mary Ann Ramsour. In Mecklenburg countv. Mr Cornelius Alexan der to Mifs Mary Caldwell. In Edgecombe, Mr Elihu Briley to Miss Ann Eliza D. Nelson, daughter of Jonas Nelson. At Philadelphia, on the USth ult.. Dr. John L. Meares of Wilmington, to Miss E. E. Fotterell. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Mr Clement, the proceedings of a meet ing of the officers of the 63d regiment, held in Mocksville on the 2nd instant, with a resolution instructing the Military com mittee to enquire into the expediency of Strange 81 j Pearson 68 j Battle 18. There ; exempting from military duty field officers was no election. j after three year's duty, "commissioned offi- Mr Satterthwaite a bill to incorporate ' cers after eiu-ht vcar's dutv. and nrivato juuuge tn me 1. Kt. oi in volunteer companies alter 09 We have received the first number of the " Marion Star," a weekly paper just published at Marion Court House, S. C, ty Messrs A. J. Requier, and J. R. N. Tenhet. 00- Hon. W. B. Seabrook has been elected Governor of South Carolina, and Mr Gist, Lt. Governor, Covenant O. F., in the town of Granville; which passed in first reading and was referred to the committee on Private Bills. Mr Wooten a bill accompanied by a memorial to alter the times of holding the Superior and County Courts of .Lenoir county; which passed its first reading and was referred to the committee on Proposi tions and Grievances. - Mr McMullen a bill to amend an act incorporating Milton Female Institute in the county of Caswell ; which passed its first reading. Mr Shuford presented a resolution in structing the select committee appointed to take into consideration the propriety of establishing a Medical Board within this State, to inquire into the expediency of reguLiingthe fees of physicans. Pending the consideration of which, the House adjourned. SENATE. ' y Saturday, Dec. 9. Nothing interesting done. HOUSE OF COMMONS. ; Received from the . Senate a message transmitting the report of the joint com mittee appointed to fix upon the time and manner of counting the votes for Governor of the State. The time appointed was this day at 12 o'clock, before the two Houses in the Commons Hall. Mr Shuford withdrew his resolution offered yesterday instructing the committee appointed to take into consideration the propriety or establishing a Medical Board. A message was received from the Senate transmitting the following Engrossed Bills and Resolutions. A Bill to incorporate the Deep River Mining and Smelling company : Also, a Resolution in favor of the Clerk of the County Court f Cumberland; which passed through three readings and was ordered to be enrolled. Mr Bar ringer, a bill, accompanied by the proceedings of a military convention held at Concord, Oct, 11th 1848, to amend "an act concerning the militia of this State," and for other purposes, which passed its first reading and was referred to the com mittee on Military Affairs. Mr Steele presented the proceedings and memorial of the affairs of the 93rd panies alter twelve year s duty, and that infantry be exempt after seventeen year's duty. The resolution was adopted. Mr Satterthwaite offered the following resolution, which was adopted : Resolved, That a message be sent to the Sen ate to raise a joint select committee of three from each House, to enquire into the expediency of changing the time of the meeting of the General Assembly, aud that said committee report by bill or otherwise. Mr Paine, a resolution loaning to Cap tain O. A. Buck sixty-four muskets and other military equipments, fur the use of a Military School he proposes to establish. Adopted. Mr Sherard. a bill to incorporate Neuse Lodge No. 16 I. O. of O. F. in Goldsboro' N. C, which passed its 'first reading, and was referred to the Committee on Private Bills. Mr J. H. White, a resolution; instruct ing the military committee to inquire into the expediency of so amending the militia laws of the State that the election of all field officers be given to the rank and file, which motion was adopted.'" Mr Smith said he had received a com munication from his honor, Win. H. Bat tle, directing him to wkhdrirw his name from nomination. Also, a report on the bill to re-assess the property in the Counties of New Hanover, with a substitute including the counties of tsrunswick, Bladen, Junston and Sampson. On motion the following counties were included within the provisions of the bill : Wayne, Onslow, Carteret, Columbus, Edgecombe, Robeson, Cumberland, Duplin, and Jones ; the bill then passed its second reading. The committee appointed to superintend the election of Judge, reported the result of the vote as follows : Strange 75, Pearson 83, Battle 4, Bryan 1, Shaw 1, Graham 2. No one having a majority of all the votes cast, there was no election. Mr At kin, front the committee to super intend the election of Supreme Court Judge, reported the joint vote of the two Houses as fvllow&r Pearson 83, Strange 74, Bat tle 6, Elli I, Bryan 1. Mr Pearson hav ing received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected. On Wednesday, the House sent a message to the Senate, proposing to go into an election for Su- j DIED. ,-I,1.?,'.'bu,' t,"t T',init. at 7 o'clock. Mr Saml Wld difield. formerly of KayeUcville. In Cumberland county, on the 9th inst., Mrs Flora Buie, consort f Mr Duncan Buie, in the 63d jear of her age. Mrs Uuie was, for the last fourteen years, a consistent and wortht member of the Methodist Church. She was a kind neigh bor and an affectionate wife and mother. She leaves a large and respectable family to mourn their irreparable loss. In Robeson county, on the 21st ultimo, Mrs l-.li.aheth Davis, aged 77 years. in Wilmington, on the 2d inst., Mrs Silpia Calhorda, aged 6.f, relict of Mr John P. Calhorda, formerly Portuguese Consul at that place. Departed this life, in Montgomery county, on the 2-jth ult., of inflammatory sore throat Sarah Caroline, daughter of John M. N. Clark and Mar garet Mcintosh, aged 4 years and 8 months. In Sampson county, on the 15th ult., Benjamin S. I hornton, a highly respectable citizen of said county. In Duplin county, on the 22d ultimo, David Albertsou, aged about 72 years," a native of that county. In Rhiden county, on the Cth inst., Joseph M. Gillespie, aged 10 years, after an illness of 12 hours. In Franklin county, Mr Wm. Jones, aged 01, a soldier of the revolution. In Guilford county, Mr Wm. Bishop, aged 02. In Rockingham countv. Mi s Elizabeth Wright aged 0; relict of Win. Wright. ' In Henderson county, Mr John Johnson, aged SI vears. In Kdgecombe, Mrs Mary Mehegan. In Pittsboro, Dr. Reuben C. Poe, a ged 49 yrs. Arrived, Uec. 1.1, steamer GOV. GRAHAM, with goods for sundry persons. HIRING JVEGROES- I will attend to hiring nrgroei for any one wishing an agent. JNn vi ntiai- r December Li. 1848. ' A,.,riM. CARTHAGE Male and Female Institute. ,T1V " n thin Inititnlion will be renamed on .Monday the lt daj of January, under the superintendenM A. C. MeXEILL. or the subscriber. Terms as usual. Carthage. Dec. 9, 1848. Sllt NOTICE. Ml persons are hereby cautioned against trading fur a te made payable to William Simmons of Montg"merT county. N. ; , y S. "-. Bruce. John Mortson, W D Dowd and -Voali Sinitherman. for Nine llnnrf tars, dated liSth March. 148, which note was fraudulently obtained, and the undersigned obligors are determined not "Wt- S. C. BIU7CE. JOHN MORISON, W. D. DOWD, December 13, m, ."KUA. VALUABLE LAND Befog determined to remove to the West. I will self on a credit of 12 and 18 months, at the plantation on which I renide. te wiU: east of Carthage, in Moore county, 3000 acres of J. and on the waters of Grain's Creek, and 9OO0 on the water of Little Hirer. The land on C rain's Creek is all adjoin ing, and will be sold in Jour different tract . There are about 2-tO acres of fresh Und in a high state of cultivation, suited to the culture of all kinds of produce made in this seetion of the State. The land is well timbered and water ed, with a very healthy situation and a good stand for a store. The tract on Little to well timbered, suited for making oer and tmrpmrntiu, with good mill seats on never tailing stream nwn enough V the river mmd the lambrr or timber to SCnrfcet. T n.ffl ? weU c.om ' them before the day ST' whfc,",tky do by the proprietor. The sale wul continence on the 24th day of January, 149, nod continue from day to day nntil ail is sold. At the ansae time and Place. I will hire out IS or 90 likflV negroes, a moo a: them are several mechanic. IwiU sell at the same time several HOHSKR ft STOCK OF ALL KIND. House Furniture. eorn and forage, and "ral other articles too tedious to mention DOL'OALD MeDOUGALD. Meore count, N. C. Dee., 11. 148. 5I2-ts ft?- Wilmington Jeurnaljfopy ts. A negro tiirl between 13 end 14 years old. well grown. Apply to H. MeMlLLAN. November 2S. 1S4S. S09-4t REMARKS. Produce continues to arrive free ly, but price eontinue low. Large sales of dour at prices ranging- between $3 SO and 4 25. Whiskey in demand at 30 ct. Brandy 35 cents. Corn in demand at 40 to 45 cts. Wheat 70 to 75. Cotton 5 to 5. Oats 25 to 30. FlaKseed 90 ct to Salt becoming scarce, and sales at $1,10 to$3.