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The North-Carolinian. [volume] (Fayetteville [N.C.]) 1839-1861, December 16, 1848, Image 3

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congreyp. w i'upwvv luiuuiium irvm injuiuce ana op
pression by ma jorities. The equality of their represent
tton in the Senate, and the veto power of the- President,
are the constitutional guaranties which the smaller States
" bare that their rights will be respected. Without these
guarantiee all their interests would be at the merer of ma
jorities in Congress representing the lanrer stu t k.
smaller and weaker States, therefore, the preservation of
tnis auu its ocreise upon proper occasion! demand
ing it. is of vital importance. They ratified the constitu
tion, and entered into the Union, securing to themselves
an equal representation with the larger States in the Sen
ate ; and they agreed to be bound by all laws passed by
Congress upon the express condition, and none other, that
they should be approved by the President, or passed, bis ob
jections to the contrary notwithstanding, by a vote of two
thirds of both houses. Upon this condition they hate a
right to insist, as a part of the compact to which they gave
their assen'j
A bill might be passed by Congress against the will of
the whole people of a particular State, and against the
votes .of its senators and all its representatives. However
prejudicial it might be td the interest of Such State, it
would be bound by it if the President shall approve it, or
it should be passed b a vote tf two-thirds of both houses ;
but it has a right to demand that the President shall exer
cise his constitutional power, and arret It. if hi judgment
is against it. II he surrender this power, or fail to exercise
it in a case where he cannot approve, it would make his
formal approval a mere mockery, and would b.- itself a vio
lation of the constitution, and the dissenting State would
become bound by a law which had not been passed accord
ing to the sanctions of the constitution.
The objection to the exercise of the veto" power is found
ed upon an idea respecting the popular will, which, if car
ried out. would annihilate State sovereignty.' and substi
tute for "the present fedefal government a consolidation,
directed by a supposed numerical majority. A revolution
of the government would be silently effected, and the
States would be subjected to laws to which they had never
given tbeir constitutional consent'
The Supreme Court of the United States is invested with
the power to declare, and has declared, acts of CengrefS
paied with the concurrence of the Senate, the House of
Representatives, arid the approval of the President, to be
unconstitutional and void ; andyetnoue.it is presumed,
tan be found, who will be disposed to strip this highest
judicial tribunal under the constitution of this acknowl
edged power a power necessary alike to its independence
and the rights of individuals.
For the same reason that the Executive veto should, ac
cording to the doctrine maintained, be rendered nugatory,
and be practically expunge i . from the constitution, this
power of the court should also be rendered nugatory and
be expunged, because it restrains the legislative and exe
cutive will, and because the exercise of such a power by
the court may be regarded as being in conflict with the
capacity of the people to govern themselves. Indeed, there
is more reason for striking this power of the court from
the constitution than there is that of the qualified veto of
the President; because the decision of the court is final,
and can never be reversed, even though both houses of
Congress and the President should be unanimous in oppo
sition to it ; whereas the veto of the President maybe
overruled by a vote of two-thirds of both houses of Con
gress, or by the people at the polls.
It is obvious that to preserve the system established by
the constitution, each of the co ordinate branches of the
government the executive, legislative. and judicial must
be left in the exercise of its appropriate powers. If the ex
ecutive or the judicial branch be deprived of powers con
ferred upon either as checks on the legislative, the prepon
derance of the latter will become disproportionate and ab
sorbing, and the others impotent for the accomplishment
of the great objects for which they were established Or
ganized aS t.heV a Kv thiki.nniitititfiiui tli..v wnpb rw... I.i.i
harmoniously for the public good. If the executive and
the judiciary shall be deprived of the constitutional powers
invested in them, and of their due proportions, the equilib
rium of the system must be destroyed, and consolidation,
with the most pernicious results, must ensue a consolida
tion of uncheckird. despotic power exercised by majorities
of the legislative branch.
The executive, legislative, and judicial, each constitutes
a separate co-ordinate department of the government;
and each is independent of the others. In the performance
f their respective duties under the constitution, neither
van. in its legitimate action, control the others. They
each act upon their several responsibilities in their respec
tive spheres ; but if the doctrines now maintained be cor
rect, the executive must become practically subordinate
to the legislative, and thejudiciary must become subordin
ate to both the legislative and the executive; and thus
the whole power of the government would be merged in a
single department. Whenever, if ever, this shall occur.
ur glorious system of well-regulated sclf-governincnt will
crumble into ruins to be succeeded, first by anarchy, and
finally by monarchy or despotism. I am far from Ix-liev-
tng that this dufctriue is the sentiment of the American
people : and during the short period which remains in
which it will be my duty to administer the executive de
partment, it will be my aim to maintain its independence,
wild discharge its duties, without infringing upon the pow
ers or duties of cither of the other departments of the
The power of the executive veto was exercised bv the
first and most illustrious of my predecessors, and by four of
his successors who preceded me in the administration of
thegovernmeiit.nnd.it is believed, in no instance preju
dicially to the public interests. It has never been, and
there is but little danger that it ever can be abused. No
President will ever desire, unnecessarily .to place his opinion
iu opposition to that of Congress. He must always exer
cm the power reluctantly, and only in cases where his con
victions make it a matter of stern duty, which he cannot
escape Indeed, there is more danger that the President,
from the repugnance he must always feel to come in colli
sion with Congress, may fail to exercise it in cases where
the pieservatiou of t he constitution from infraction, or the
puhliv good, may demand it. th.m that he will ever exer
cise it unnecessarily or wantonly.
During I he period I have administered the executive de
partment of the government, irreat and important ques
tions of public policy, foreign and domestic, have arisen,
upon which it a my duty to act. It may indeed be truly
said that my administration has fallen upon eventful
times. I have felt most sensibly the weight of the high
responsibilities devolved upon me. With no other object
than tUe public good. I he enduring fame, and permanent
prosperity of my country. I hive pursued the convictions
f ihv own iM-st .judgment. The impartial arbitrament of
ertiightened public opinion, present and future, will deter
mine how far the public policy I have maintained, and the
tneawurei! I havr? from time to time recommended, may
iave tended t- advance or retard the public prosperity at
iimai-. anl to elevate or dcfi-res the estimate of our nation
al -character aferwsul.
Invuking the blessings of tlte Almighty upon your de
liberations at your present important session, my ardent
hope is. that in a spirit of hnriaony ami concord, you may
be guided to wise results, and sweh as may redouud to the
happiness, the honor, and t he glory of our beloved couutry.
Washington. December 5, 18-W.
Antiocli Academy.
The exercises in Antioch Academy will be resumed the
ensuing year on the 1st of January, under the supervision
.of its former able and efficient instructor. Mr James Inglis.
Mr Inglis came to us highly recommended by the President
of Jelierson College, Pa.; and it now affords us much plea
sure to be able, from our own knowledge, to commend
him as a gentleman of extensive, thorough scholarship,
and a faithful, efficient teacher. We are satisfied that
jroiith under his instruction will receive a thorough moral
juid literary training.
Tuition f S. and $.10 per session of five mouths.
Board $6 per month.
No deduction for absence, except in eases of protracted
nc A. 11. CUKltlK. Secretary.
December 10. :848. 512-lit
Now on ham!, Orail&es, I-ClUOllss,
Pine Apples, Cocoanuts, Bananas,
Dates, Currants, Raisins,
Different kinds of Nuts. Sic.
! 16. 184S. It
For sale by
State of Xortk Carolina Robeson County.
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions JK'oe ember
Term, 11.
Susannah Tnge vs. Heirs at law of Joseph rage.
Petition for Dower.
It .iKnearinir to the Court that tliles F.lvington and his
,r i-irv Aun and Marr Conoiy. are not inhabitants of
(this State, it is ordered by the Court that publication be
made for six weeks in the'.N'orth Carolinian, notifying said
defeudants to be and appear at our next Court of Pleas
and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the couuty of Rob
eson, at the Court House In Luuibertou. on the fourth
Monday in February next, then and there to plead, an
swer, or demur to the petition, or the same will be taken
proconfesso and beard ex parte as to them.
Witness. Shadraeh Howejl. Clerk of our said Court at
Office, the fourth Monday of November. A D 1S4S.
SIl'D. HOWELL. Clerk.
Dec 16. 1S47. 512-6t. pr adv 3 '2
State of North Carolina .Robeson County,
Court of Pleas ami Quarter Sessions JS'ocember
Term, 1S4S,
Wm. G. Oliver and wife, and others, vs. Mary Conoiy.
Petition to sell slaves.
It appearing to the Court that M rv Conoiy is not an
inhabitant of this State, it is ordered by the Court that
publication be made for six weeks in the Narth Carolinia
notifying said defendant to be and appear at our next
Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to be held for tne
county f Robeson at-the Court House in Lumberton. on
the fourth Meuday of February next , then and there to
plead, answer, or demur to the petition, or the same will
be taken pro coofesso" and heard ex parte as to them.
Witness. Shadraeh Howell. Clerk of our said Court at
Office, the fourth Monday of November, A. D. 1848.
SH'O. HOWELL, Clerk.
Dec. 16, 1S48. 512-6t. pr adv $3 25
Wm M. Baynt, Kill tor and Proprietor.
1G. 1040.
PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. To make room for thi
document, and beside, keep up with the cut Jw?i'
""I, naTe compelled to leave out all the old ad-
We entreat that no one be deterred from reacting the
message on account of its length. We pay it the highest
-SSSi,r,.t-.W"-.V ' thafc American citn
should read it attentively.
femVlv TenTfoVbythe Perfo-- of the Carncroes
f.t?H!? re an excellent Aiolin player, a
iTaaid that ? charminS .iters with silver voices.
"i0ea" wlth his lute made trees.
And the mountain tops that freeze.
Bow themselves when he did sing."
So these graceful "sisters three" may make
"Even the billows of the sea.
Hang their heads, and then lay by."
The two younger sisters are admirable dancers.
W7 They will perform again to-night.
INSANE ASYLUM. We are under obliga
tions to Mr Dobbin for a copy of Miss Dix's Re
port oil the subject of an Asylum for the Insane,
in North Carolina. We shall give the subject
consideration next week.
'SPECULATION!- A letter from Raleigh in
forms us that the opinion is that Mr Badger can
not be elected Senator, because Wm. B. Shepard,
Esq., the whig Senator frorri Pasquotank and Per
quimans has declared his intention not to vote
for him on any condition.
It is thought, that a democrat will be returned
from Yancy. And that Oglesby, whigdomrrioner
from Surry, will have to surrender his seat to
Mr Waugh, dem. This Is good if it be realized.
We have received from Messrs Geo. . W. Wat
son, N. R. Bryan, Joseph Cook, and Winship
Bryan, a communication stating that considera
ble excitement exists in the lower and adjoining
ends of Moore and Chatham counties, in conse
quence of the conduct of several men, believed
to be a band of robbers and counterfeiters.
Two of the men staid at Mr Joseph Cook's
house all night, and behaved suspiciously. In
the morning they presented a ten dollar note on
the Cape Fear Bank, to pay their fare. Mr Cook
thought it was counterfeit, (in which opinion he
has been since confirmed) and would not receive
it. Thej- pretended to have no other money,
and got oft without paying at all. They have
tried in various ways and with different persons
to pass like notes, and get good money in return
for change.
One of them lodged a night with Mr Newton
R. Bryan, and succeeJed in passing one of the
notes. to him. -
They are all said to be young men. Two
of them a 5 or .'JO, and another about 20. years.
About two weeks ago, the house of Mr Wicker
was entered by two men, who were seen by Mrs
Wic ker. They had examined the sideboard in
which was Mr Ws money, about $200, but were
frightened off before they got it. They had pre
viously lodged at Mr Wicker's tine night, and
saw him have the money, and where he put if.
The public are guarded against these men; and
all good citizens are called on to exercise vigil
ance with a view to their apprehension.
Two of them were tall, thin visaged men; very
ordinarily clad; and the third was of middle stat-
ure. All of them had a sort of sheepstealer's ap
pearance. They travelled on horseback.
CHOLERA. The Washington Union has trans
lated from a Constantinople paper, what is set
down as an infallible remedy for Cholera, and so
simple that any person can practice it. It is this:
As soon as the vomiting or purging of the pa
tient commences, place the Igs in water to the
knees, as hot as can well be borne. Thr,ow in 6 or
7 handfulls of salt. Rub the legs violently, and
open the large veins in the feet, and let them
bleed 13 or 20 minutes. The heat of the. water
to be kept up until the heat of the body begins
to be restored.
(or Maj. Borland, as he was in the Mexican war) i
who was appointed by the Governor to fill the
unexpired term of Mr Sevier, (when Mr S. went
to Mexico to negotiate the treaty) which appoint
ment was confirmed by the Legislature, has also
been elected by the same body for the full term
of six years from next March.
RE-NOMINATED ! A democratic meeting at
a place called St. Mary's, in Ohio, held on 21st
Nov., passed one resolution, among others, rc
noininating Cass &. Butler for 1852! They are
earlv at all events.
Clerk and Master's Sale of
Pursuant to an order made at Fall Term of the Court of
Equity, the undersigned will expose to public sale upon
the premises, on the ?7th day of January neat- the PLAN
TATION of the late Benjamin Chapman The land is
situated on the west side of Cape Fear River, adjoining
James Kirkpatrick and others, and is well known as the
Chapman land. The sale will be made ou a credit of six
months for ene-balf the purchase money, and 12 months
for the balance. Bonds with approved sureties will be rjr
December 16. 1848. 512-fs
THE REV. G. COP WAY, (Chief of the Chip
pewa tribe of Indians,) delivered an address be
fore Lafayette Division Sons of Temperance, in
this place, on the &th inst.
The 6th of December was the day on which all
the Electors of President and Vice President in
each State were to meet and cast the vote of the
State according to the instructions from the peo
The North Carolina Electors met accordingly,
and voted for Taylor and Fillmore. The Raleigh
Standard say that the most amusing point of the
business was the great number of applicants for
the post of Messenger to carry the vote to Wash
ington. We are glad, however, that our friend and
townsman, Dr. Gilliam, was the successful candi
date. The Doctor no doubt performed the duty
with pleasure, punctuality and fidelity.
SOUTH CAROLINA. The electoral college
met at Columbia on the 6th, and cast the vote of
the State for Cass and Butler. Mr Blaek, (sob
of the tat Hon. James A. Black, who died at
Washington city) has been selected to take on the
vote to Washington. He will bring the remains
of his fattier home with him.
i The electoral colleges of Pennsylvania. Kw York. Mu.
achusefAs, New Jersey Virginia, New Hampshire. Con
necticut, Jd Maryland, all of which have cast the vote of
their respective Statea as instructed by the people-
YANCY.' COUNTY. The election took placa
on the Sth. Th Asheville Messenger says that
Calvin Edner, whiff, and J. W.Garland and Jabez
Jervis, democrats, are the candidates.
RESI GNE dX-G n Taylor ha snt in his re
signation of hi office as Major General. His of
fice to expir on 1st February.
. Mcnday, Dec. -11.
In the Senate, some debate took place on pro
position to print an extra number of the report
of the Secretary of the Treasury, which proposi
tion was agreed to.
Mr Douglass presented a memorial from Wm.
H. Aspinwall, John L. Stephens and Henry
Chauncey, stating that they have procured for
themselves an exclusive grant for 99 years, from
the government of New Grenada for constructing
a railroad across the itthmus of Panama; &. they
ae,k Congress to aid them in that undertaking.
They do not ask Congress for pecuniary aid,
except so far as a pledge that if they (the saidl
Aspinwau oi. to.-j shall build the road, the gov
ernment shall employ said road tor transportation
oi mans, munitions ot war, and so forth, as en
couragement to the enterprise. ' .
Mr Badger presented a memorial from a num
ber of Ministers and delegates of the Kehukee
Primitive Baptist association, of North Carolina,
which we shall notice next week.
Mr Douglass introduced a bill for the admission
of California and New Mexico into the Union as
a State. This bill contemplates the admission at
this sesssion of Congress; but it would be a novejL
and unprecedented, although it might be a very
practicable and wise, measure. It has heretofore
" "j uccu -mc cushhii ior states to nave a con--
stitution, &c, before coming into the Unions
which California has not. ;jt
In the House, the Speaker announced the stand-
ing Committees. A great number of resolutions
ol a local nature, were offered, of no general in
terest to us.
Tuesday, Dec. 12.
In the Senate a number of petitions and reso
lutions were presented, of no general importance.
The standing Committees were appointed. The
Senate went into secret session and adjourned.
In tfife House, a number of petitions and re
solutions Were offered, which were of no interest:
CHAPLAINS. The House of Representatives
have elected Rev. ft. R. Gurley, Presbyterian ;
and the Senate3 Rev. Mr Slicer, Methodist.
On account of the press of matter this week,
we must compress the proceedings of the Legis
lature into a small space; but shall, nevertheless,
I give every item of interest or importance. The
body has not yet had time to see what is to be
done, and how it ought to be done; and therefore
it cannot be expected that the proceedings will
, be of any great interest until next week and
Liater From Europe.
Bostojt, Dec. 6.
The Britannia arrived this dav, at 10 o'clock.
after an IS days passage, bringing dates from Eu
rope to ISth Nov.
Breadstuffs were dull and declining. Cotton
rather inclined to improve in price.
It is reported that the troops of the Emperor,
after entering Vienna, (of which we gave an ac
count last week) committed many acts of outrage
against the citizens.
,.In.Engl3nd there-was no news of importance.
Of upwards of 1000 cases of cholera, about one
half had terminated fatally.
In Ireland there was great distress, and times,
growing worse. ,
Friday, Dec. 8.
Immediately after the journal of the
preceding day had been read, the two
Houses voted for a Judge of the Supreme,
Court. The Senate vote was as follows :
Strange 25 ; Pearson 19 5 Battle 6.
Mr Graham presented a petition from
citizens of Duplin, praying that the free
hold qualification for Senatorial voters be
abolished ; and also that jury trials be
abolished in the County Courts, and the
jurisdiction of Justices extended in certain
Mr Eborn presented a Resolution in.
structing the Judiciary Committee to en
quire into expediency ot the County Courts
laying a tax on black polls to defray ex
penses of patrol. Adopted.
"r The two Houses voted again for Supreme
Courf'Judse. . The Senate Vote was as
follow : Strange 24 j Pearson 20 5 Bal
tle 4.
Mr Newson, from the committee on the
election of Supreme Court Judge, reported
the joint vote of the two Houses yesterday
as follows : Strange 75, Pearson 65. Bat
tle 29-
Mr Steele, from the military committee,
reported back the following bills : A bill
to incorporate the "Foresters,'' with amend
ments which were adopted: and the bill
passed its second reading. A bill to in
Regiment, which was referred to-the com
mittee on Military Affairs.
Mr Stanly, sundry memorials from
citizens of Beaufort county, praying an
amendment of the militia laws, which
were referred to the Military committee.
perior Court Judge on Saturday at J2 o'clock, to
supply the place of judge Pearson, elected to Su
preme Court Benrh. But the Senate did not con
cur. Judge Battle whig is a candidate, and also
J. W. Ellis, of Rowan, democrat.
Mr Sheek. a Bill nrovidimr forth-. 1 "n 1 nursla-v. the b, to incorporate the Char-
men t of the constitution of the State of i L"eaud Danville "-road was the order of the
North Carolina, which passed its first read
ing and was referred to committee on
the Judiciary, and ordered to be printed
This bill proposed to carry out the pnn
A desultory discussion on Mr Steele's resolu
tions resulted in referring them to a select com
mittee of two from each political party .-
Mr W. H. Joyner, of Franklin county,-and Mr
Railroad from Gaston to Chariot le
On the 4th of December, Gov. Graham sent in
a message to the Legislature, in answer to a call
made upon him for information as to what were
the details of his plan for organizing a company
to extend the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad to
Charlotte, N. C.
His plan is, to form a joint stock company,
with a capital of two millions of dollars, or two
millions and a half, as the case may require. Of
this amount, he recommends that the State of N.
Carolina shall furnish one-half, and individuals
shall furnish the other half. And that the State
shall give in to said new company, in which she
is an equal partner, the road now owned by the
State, as $500,000 of her subscription, and when
it shall become necessary for her to pay the bal
ance ($500,000) she shall borrow the money to
do so, upon a credit of thirty years. .But the
State is to insist that the Raleigh and Gaston
road which she transfers, shall be put in perfect
repair, and forty miles of the continuation to
wards Charlotte be completed, before she will
agree to borrow the $500,000.
This plan, the Governor earnestly recom
mends, but whether it will be adopted or not,
remains to be seen.
It is unnecessary for us to give the details of
the plan at present.
corporate the Somerfield Guards, with
amendments which were adopted ; and
which passed its second reading. Un
favorably, a bill to arrange the Captain's
districts, in each connty in the State.
which was laid on the table. Also the
memorial from citizens of Beaufort county
in reference to amendments in the militia
laws, asking leave to be discharged from
the further consideration of the same which
report was concurred in.
Mr Ellis, from the select committee to
whom was referred the memorial of Miss
Dix in reference to a State lunatic Asylum,
repotted a bill for the establishment of a
Hospital for that purpose, which passed
i its first reading
Air R. I. McDowell presented a bill
accompanied by a memorial to establish a
new county by the name of Graham; which
was read and referred to the committee on
Propositions and Grievances.
Mr J. J. Williams presented a counter
memorial on the same subject ; which
was referred to the same committee.
Mr McNeill presented a bill to incor
porate Antioch Academy, in the county
of Robeson ; which passed its first reading
find was referred to the committee on pri
vate Bills.
- Mr McMullen a. bill to incorporate Mil
ton Savings Bank in the town of Milton $
which passed its first reading and was
referred to a select committee of five.
Mr Bai ringer a bill for the more speedy
and certain administration of justice ;
wnicn p?.sseu itsnrst reauing.
This bill carries out the recommenda
tions of the Governor in his biennial mes
sage, providing for the abolishment of the
County Courts, increasing the number of
Judicial Circuits, &c . &c.
The joint vote of the two Houses for
Supreme Court Judge resulted as follows :
Raleigh, Dec. 15, 3 o'clock, p.' m.
To-dar, Mr Collins was re-elected Comptroller
of the State; and a whig Council was also chosen.
No further movements in regard to Senator.
Qr- The South Carolina Legislature have pas
sed to second readings bills authorizing the State
to subscribe JOO.000 to the South Carolina part
of the Wilmington and Manchester railroad, and
to afford aid to the Columbia, Greenville, and
Charlotte roads
rinl. of Knual SulTrae. -The renorter . "
will eive the provisions of the bill when it S 1' UadS ff Charlotte, have been appointed
j ' i u. .. f engrossing Clerks.
is reporicu uac& iu me uuu&c iruiu mc lum
mittee. Mr Paine, from the same -committee, an
unfavorable report on the bill for the relief
of witnesses in suits removed from .one
County to another. On motion of Mr
Campbell it was indefinitely oostuoned.
The Speaker announced that the hour of
12 o'clock had arrived, when, according Jo
a joint resolution the two Houses were to i
compare the vote for Governor at the last
August election. .
A message was sent to the Senate, in
forming that body, that the House was
reatiy to receive them lor that purpose.
The two Houses then assembled in gen
eral Convention, Mr Speaker Graves of
the Senate in the Chair
Mr Patterson of the Senate and Messrs
Mebane and Courts of the House, officiat
ed as tellers, 'Hie Clerks of the two Houses
then proceeded to examine the Sheriffs re
turns of the several Counties of the State.
After the vote had been compared, Mr
Speaker Graves announced that Charles
Manly, ksq., had received 42,536 votes,
and llavid S Reid Esq., 41582 votes.
Mr Manly having received a majority of
854, of all the votes cast, was declared
duly elected Governor of the State of N
Carolina for two years after the 1st day of
January next.
pears, is likely to be settled by admitting Califor
nia and New Mexico as a State, or States; so as
to let the people therein fight the battle them
selves, as to whether they shall tolerate slavery
there or not.
This plan would, beyond a doubt, decide the
question against the extension of slavery into
those territories; because the inhabitants there
have already remonstrated against it; and it is
not likely that slaveholders will now go there in
sufficient numbers to turn the scale. -The nor- -i
thern men have seen this state of affairs, and will
take advantage of it. We suppose the south can
not object to such an arrangement.
OHIO. The mob spirit exhibited by the whig
minority in the Legislature of Ohio, is another
instance of their being the " law and order," and
" decency" party. The Senate, which has IS
democrats and IS whigs, was organized by a com
promise; while iu the House the democrats have
a majority. 42 members, and the whigs refuse to
be sworn in, by which means they prevent a quo
rum from assembling. And tbjey not only do
this, but the "Columbus Statesman" says that
they go into the hall where the democrats are,
and yell and swear like savages; so much so that
it has been difficult to prevent bloodshed between
the parties.
With the merits of the case we are not familiar,
but the bearing of the parties is a very good in
dication of which is right.
Monday, Dec. 11.
Ordered, That the Message of Gov- Gra
ham, in reference to the extension of the
Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road to Charlotte,
be referred to a select committee of five.
The two Houses then voted for a Supreme
Court Judge. The Senate vote was as
follows j Pearson 18; Strange 24 ; Battle 8.
Mr Halsey then intioducetl the following
Preamble and Resolution, which were una
nimously adopted :
Whereas, the General Assemblvof the State of
North Carolina, now in session, have witnessed
witn profound admiration the zealous labors of
Miss Dix. of New York, in the cause of the suffer
ing insane within pur borders; and whereas, this
bodv is desirous of testifvinir its resnert and
j gratitude for the enlarged and noble philanthropy
wnicn nas prompted tnese labors it is
Resolved, That the thanks of the people
of this State are due, and through this Gen
eral Assembly, representing the people, are
tendered to that amiable Christian Philan
thropist, for her self-sacrificing devotion to the
cause of those unfortunate sons and daughters of
North Carolina, whose claims she has so ably and
eloquently urged.
Resolved further, That His Excellency the
Governor be requested to transmit to Miss Dix a
copy of the above Preamble and Resolutions.
The two Houses again voted for a Su
preme Court Judge the name of the Hon.
William H. Battle having been withdraw n
from the nomination. The - Senate vote
was as follows: Pearson 26 5 Strange
The engrossed bill for dividing the coun
ty of Stokes was read the third time and
passed yeas, 32 nays 9, and ordered to
be enrolled.
CO-The Greensborough Patriot rather opposes
the railroad from Raleigh to Charlotte. That
paper says that the road will benefit Fayetteville
some, but that the counties north of the road
will not be benefitted by It "one red cent;
which is about a fact We guess. That paper
thinks that if the Richmond and Danville and
Col nmbia and Charlotte roads be built the con
nection between Charlotte and Danville will be
made whether the Raleigh and Charlotte road be
built or not;
BALTIMORE ARGUS. This racy sheet
comes to us, we are glad to perceive, much en
larged and improved. Success to it.-
MARRIED. The Point Coupee, La., Echo,
announces the marriage of Major Bliss and Miss
Betsey Taj lor, daughter of the General.
In Newbern, Mr Cutler J. White to Miss Antt
In Jones cotinty, Mr Amos Wetherton to Miss
Mary Frances Owen.
In Cabarrus countv, Mr Lawson A. Melchor
to Miss Clara Ann Coleman.
In Lincoln ton, Mr John E. Boger of Salisbury,
to Miss Mary Ann Ramsour.
In Mecklenburg countv. Mr Cornelius Alexan
der to Mifs Mary Caldwell.
In Edgecombe, Mr Elihu Briley to Miss Ann
Eliza D. Nelson, daughter of Jonas Nelson.
At Philadelphia, on the USth ult.. Dr. John L.
Meares of Wilmington, to Miss E. E. Fotterell.
Mr Clement, the proceedings of a meet
ing of the officers of the 63d regiment, held
in Mocksville on the 2nd instant, with a
resolution instructing the Military com
mittee to enquire into the expediency of
Strange 81 j Pearson 68 j Battle 18. There ; exempting from military duty field officers
was no election. j after three year's duty, "commissioned offi-
Mr Satterthwaite a bill to incorporate ' cers after eiu-ht vcar's dutv. and nrivato
juuuge tn me 1. Kt. oi in volunteer companies alter
09 We have received the first number of the
" Marion Star," a weekly paper just published
at Marion Court House, S. C, ty Messrs A. J.
Requier, and J. R. N. Tenhet.
00- Hon. W. B. Seabrook has been elected
Governor of South Carolina, and Mr Gist, Lt.
O. F., in the town of Granville; which
passed in first reading and was referred
to the committee on Private Bills.
Mr Wooten a bill accompanied by a
memorial to alter the times of holding the
Superior and County Courts of .Lenoir
county; which passed its first reading and
was referred to the committee on Proposi
tions and Grievances.
- Mr McMullen a bill to amend an act
incorporating Milton Female Institute in
the county of Caswell ; which passed its
first reading.
Mr Shuford presented a resolution in
structing the select committee appointed to
take into consideration the propriety of
establishing a Medical Board within this
State, to inquire into the expediency of
reguLiingthe fees of physicans. Pending
the consideration of which, the House
' y Saturday, Dec. 9.
Nothing interesting done.
; Received from the . Senate a message
transmitting the report of the joint com
mittee appointed to fix upon the time and
manner of counting the votes for Governor
of the State. The time appointed was this
day at 12 o'clock, before the two Houses
in the Commons Hall.
Mr Shuford withdrew his resolution
offered yesterday instructing the committee
appointed to take into consideration the
propriety or establishing a Medical Board.
A message was received from the Senate
transmitting the following Engrossed Bills
and Resolutions.
A Bill to incorporate the Deep River
Mining and Smelling company :
Also, a Resolution in favor of the Clerk
of the County Court f Cumberland; which
passed through three readings and was
ordered to be enrolled.
Mr Bar ringer, a bill, accompanied by
the proceedings of a military convention
held at Concord, Oct, 11th 1848, to amend
"an act concerning the militia of this State,"
and for other purposes, which passed its
first reading and was referred to the com
mittee on Military Affairs.
Mr Steele presented the proceedings
and memorial of the affairs of the 93rd
panies alter twelve year s
duty, and that infantry be exempt after
seventeen year's duty. The resolution
was adopted.
Mr Satterthwaite offered the following
resolution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That a message be sent to the Sen
ate to raise a joint select committee of three from
each House, to enquire into the expediency of
changing the time of the meeting of the General
Assembly, aud that said committee report by bill
or otherwise.
Mr Paine, a resolution loaning to Cap
tain O. A. Buck sixty-four muskets and
other military equipments, fur the use of
a Military School he proposes to establish.
Mr Sherard. a bill to incorporate Neuse
Lodge No. 16 I. O. of O. F. in Goldsboro'
N. C, which passed its 'first reading, and
was referred to the Committee on Private
Mr J. H. White, a resolution; instruct
ing the military committee to inquire into
the expediency of so amending the militia
laws of the State that the election of all
field officers be given to the rank and file,
which motion was adopted.'"
Mr Smith said he had received a com
munication from his honor, Win. H. Bat
tle, directing him to wkhdrirw his name
from nomination.
Also, a report on the bill to re-assess the
property in the Counties of New Hanover,
with a substitute including the counties of
tsrunswick, Bladen, Junston and Sampson.
On motion the following counties were
included within the provisions of the bill :
Wayne, Onslow, Carteret, Columbus,
Edgecombe, Robeson, Cumberland, Duplin,
and Jones ; the bill then passed its second
The committee appointed to superintend
the election of Judge, reported the result
of the vote as follows : Strange 75, Pearson
83, Battle 4, Bryan 1, Shaw 1, Graham 2.
No one having a majority of all the votes
cast, there was no election.
Mr At kin, front the committee to super
intend the election of Supreme Court Judge,
reported the joint vote of the two Houses
as fvllow&r Pearson 83, Strange 74, Bat
tle 6, Elli I, Bryan 1. Mr Pearson hav
ing received a majority of all the votes
cast, was declared duly elected.
On Wednesday, the House sent a message to the
Senate, proposing to go into an election for Su- j
,-I,1.?,'.'bu,' t,"t T',init. at 7 o'clock. Mr Saml Wld
difield. formerly of KayeUcville.
In Cumberland county, on the 9th inst., Mrs
Flora Buie, consort f Mr Duncan Buie, in the
63d jear of her age. Mrs Uuie was, for the last
fourteen years, a consistent and wortht member
of the Methodist Church. She was a kind neigh
bor and an affectionate wife and mother. She
leaves a large and respectable family to mourn
their irreparable loss.
In Robeson county, on the 21st ultimo, Mrs
l-.li.aheth Davis, aged 77 years.
in Wilmington, on the 2d inst., Mrs Silpia
Calhorda, aged 6.f, relict of Mr John P. Calhorda,
formerly Portuguese Consul at that place.
Departed this life, in Montgomery county, on
the 2-jth ult., of inflammatory sore throat Sarah
Caroline, daughter of John M. N. Clark and Mar
garet Mcintosh, aged 4 years and 8 months.
In Sampson county, on the 15th ult., Benjamin
S. I hornton, a highly respectable citizen of said
In Duplin county, on the 22d ultimo, David
Albertsou, aged about 72 years," a native of that
In Rhiden county, on the Cth inst., Joseph M.
Gillespie, aged 10 years, after an illness of 12
In Franklin county, Mr Wm. Jones, aged 01, a
soldier of the revolution.
In Guilford county, Mr Wm. Bishop, aged 02.
In Rockingham countv. Mi s Elizabeth Wright
aged 0; relict of Win. Wright. '
In Henderson county, Mr John Johnson, aged
SI vears.
In Kdgecombe, Mrs Mary Mehegan.
In Pittsboro, Dr. Reuben C. Poe, a
ged 49 yrs.
Arrived, Uec. 1.1, steamer GOV. GRAHAM,
with goods for sundry persons.
I will attend to hiring nrgroei for any one wishing an
agent. JNn vi ntiai-
r December Li. 1848. ' A,.,riM.
Male and Female Institute.
,T1V " n thin Inititnlion will be renamed on
.Monday the lt daj of January, under the superintendenM
or the subscriber. Terms as usual.
Carthage. Dec. 9, 1848. Sllt
Ml persons are hereby cautioned against trading fur a
te made payable to William Simmons of Montg"merT
county. N. ; , y S. "-. Bruce. John Mortson, W D Dowd
and -Voali Sinitherman. for Nine llnnrf
tars, dated liSth March. 148, which note was fraudulently
obtained, and the undersigned obligors are determined not
"Wt- S. C. BIU7CE.
December 13, m, ."KUA.
Befog determined to remove to the West. I will self on a
credit of 12 and 18 months, at the plantation on which I
renide. te wiU: east of Carthage, in Moore county,
3000 acres of J. and
on the waters of Grain's Creek, and 9OO0 on the water
of Little Hirer. The land on C rain's Creek is all adjoin
ing, and will be sold in Jour different tract . There are
about 2-tO acres of fresh Und in a high state of cultivation,
suited to the culture of all kinds of produce made in this
seetion of the State. The land is well timbered and water
ed, with a very healthy situation and a good stand for a
The tract on Little to well timbered, suited for
making oer and tmrpmrntiu, with good mill seats on
never tailing stream nwn enough V the river mmd the
lambrr or timber to SCnrfcet. T
n.ffl ? weU c.om ' them before the day
ST' whfc,",tky do by the proprietor.
The sale wul continence on the 24th day of January, 149,
nod continue from day to day nntil ail is sold.
At the ansae time and Place. I will hire out IS or 90 likflV
negroes, a moo a: them are several mechanic.
IwiU sell at the same time several HOHSKR ft STOCK
OF ALL KIND. House Furniture. eorn and forage, and
"ral other articles too tedious to mention
Meore count, N. C. Dee., 11. 148. 5I2-ts
ft?- Wilmington Jeurnaljfopy ts.
A negro tiirl between 13 end 14 years old. well grown.
Apply to H. MeMlLLAN.
November 2S. 1S4S. S09-4t
REMARKS. Produce continues to arrive free
ly, but price eontinue low. Large sales of dour
at prices ranging- between $3 SO and 4 25.
Whiskey in demand at 30 ct. Brandy 35 cents.
Corn in demand at 40 to 45 cts. Wheat 70 to 75.
Cotton 5 to 5. Oats 25 to 30. FlaKseed 90 ct
to Salt becoming scarce, and sales at $1,10

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