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Aiiy k ivtra u re inn iin n v I a hi in uv . Ajsk mi nv in in ru in in ssfe-s vma v ir a ii in in in in hi in in ru in ai hi in in i ii mm. m a m m i m imw i m,m, m.m flam. m. .' mimr if ,j ajv m if I III III - - v I! II IfJ HI I Inlavance,p;yearOO untl1 S-1X ' month. h-v.exP.r-3oo et'aid till the y?ar -has expired, 3o0 subscription received r a lea time than a year, "less the price be paid in dvance " CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS J AND THE X5LORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS CITIZENS." Onesquareoftwenty-one lines or less, for one inser tion, 60 cents ; every sub sequent insertion, 30 cents except it remain in for sev eral months, when it wiTJJi be charged $3 for two months, $4 for three, &.c. $10 for twelve months. BIT EC- 30 EJI3 i EAYETTEVILLE, If. C OCTOBER 27, 1849. R0Tf!HKISS! Vertical Water Wheel. 1 hundred of these wheels in -- -- . ,. .,( counties in i"uim jn operation in difleren advantage over rolina. tor PrrLlf r any other wheels the common flutter confidently r.efer to iCe1 whThae appl.ed them U their mills.. We , ree.mmend them particularly for their su periority in cases of a low head of water, or back Ve"still keep a supply of Wheels, suitable for liferent heads of water, at Wilmington, New Lern Washington, Edenton, and Fayetteyille. .p,e 'wheels may also be had of E. A. "Brevard, t:ilnton.and Uriah Wells, Petersburg, Va. prjons wishing to obtain the right to use the heel. "11 oe served on application to D. Mc D. McNEILL, A. A. McKETHAN. D. J. McALISTEK. t'eh'v 3, IS 19. y A. M. CAMPB ELL, AUCT10NJ3JKK, Commission Merchant, 03- LiberaT deduction for Iftrcro t'Apf i com t n f: VOI. lO-rJO. 557. by .the year or six months XAB. G-. SEIXTH, H3 IKIimEE HCL AND HAIR DRESSER, FAYETTEYILLE, K. C, Has taken the shop in the Fayetteville Hotel, where he intends carrying on his business in a superior manner, and desires a continuance of public patronage. April 20, 1S49. WANTED. An intelligent white boy is want ed as an apprentice to the above business. J. G. S. NEW FA1LL. GOODS. By the Steamer Evergreen. 11.13 just commenced receiving his Fall and Win ter Goods, and will continue receiving by nearly every arrivul from the north, until his supply of Goods are completed; all of which being pur chased by the package for cash, will be oflered by wholesale or retail at reduced prices. Ail. 11, 1S49. COSTUME HALL. Spring Summer WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. ON hand and fur sule, the largest assort ment wf SPRING and SUMMER CLOTHING, at prices very much reduced. COATS. Coat of every variety, embracing all the latest jtles, and of an improved cut and make, from 7')cU. to 1, i, 3, 1, 5. 0, S, 810. and upwards. PANTALOONS. Paat iloons of ull kinds, fmm 7." cts. to 1, 1,."0, ,7J, '1, "2,00, and also a very fashionable style, the Lm rtine stripe, as lew as 3, 3,50, -4, and upwards. VESTS. Vests of every variety, comprising Silk, Satin, r.ishmere. Marseilles, Valencia, from 50 eta.. V) cts., 1, SS'-V0' 3. and upwards. BOY S CLOTHING. Always on hand the largest and best assortment ut'ioysVb.thLiig ever ollered in this city. A ile;Mfii assortment of CLO THS and CAS SIMKUCS of the best inake,tnether with a large ami h indsome variety of SILK and MARSEIL LES VKST1NGS, which will be made up to order i:i the best m inner, percent less than the ac cu?t iined prices, and in all cases a neat and beautiful tit guarantied. AT COSTUME II ALL. Comer of Vrattstrttt ami Centre .Market Space, BALTIMORE. H. H. COLE. fr- ttnched to the above, is one of the lar ."t and most extensive SHIRTS FACTORIES ia the country, embracing every Tarieiv anu mike, at prices which cannot tail to please any one wishing to purchase. Ofj- ONE PRICE ONLY! -0 April 2, 131U. 531-ly liauk of Fayetteville, 15th Sept., 1849. ) Books of Subscription to the capital stock of this Bank will be kept open in the Banking House, Fayetteville, until further notice. The remaining instalments on stock subscribed will be due and payable as follows : The 7th in stalment on fhe 1st of Oct.; the Sth instalment on the 1st Nov.; the 0th instalment on the 1st Dec; the 10th and last instalment on the 1st of Januarv, 1S50. Bv order of the Board, WM. G. BROADFOOT, Cash. Sept. 15, IS 19. 551-tf C1LOTMINO. of of utMt the new store next dpor to .vlr IJa.ley. Jeweler, where he will receive aud executf biuJing in any stylo attired- New Establishment. The Sb-icriber has opened a Shop on Person street, nearly opposite Liberty Point, at the stand recently occupied by Simpson &. McLaughlin f r tle"in tnufactui e of SADDLES, BRIDLES, HARNESS, and .11 other articles in his line, where he would !. -I id to see persons in want of such articles. Me "is prepared to do any work in the way ot TiLMMlNG, tint may be entrusted to him. Particular attention paid to leivuriii:', &.c. SAMSON & WORMS Have juf received the largest assortment leadv-made Clothes ever ollared in the Town Fayetteville, comprising Fine broad cloth Coats, Cloaks, Pants and Vests, from 85 to $25 a suit. Planters Coats & Over coats. Also Shirts, Bosoms, Col lar.s, Handkerchiefs, &c. fcc. A line assortment of Calicoes a in, JL'inr1i2 ?it nrn-p rn!iP-nir .11 I VI t.7U , jfii.j J O frotri Ct to 14 cents Der vard. and j warranted fast colors. a rmnH m -. xt mrro npticlcB too numerous lo v "" . . - nention. Also, just received 20,000 Segars, Principe and Havana. . IW- It will be to the advantage of all to call . -nil r .1. .. .. 1 1 nd see our goods, as we win sni ior uc am eat proflt. SAMSON &. WORMS We buv for cash or trade lor wax, ooi, rag . . .. i leathers, and all kinds ot lur, upon wnicn we will pav the highest price. Sept.' 15. IS1!. 551-tf. $25 REWARD. m in hv name Alexander Johnson broke and ,.hl,-.,T..U-.l from the Jail of Moore county on the loth i ist. The subscriber will give a reward of twentv-five dollars for the apprehension and de liverv of said Johnson to him at Carthage, Moore county, or fifteen dollars lor his arrest and con AnMnPnt in anv iail in North Carolina where I can obtain possession ofliim again. Said John son is about 45 venrs of ajje, G feet high, round ahniiliUrs. lisht hair, and intemperate. He is well known in Moore ani a portion of the upper ..rpnmhprknil countv bv the name of Bit- Fighting Alexander Johnson," and no doubt will raoep considerable in Cumberland, where game is nlcntv, as he is a great hunter. State of SI. Caroliim--Cumberlaiid county. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Septem ber Term, 1549. Robert B. Smith, administrator of James Watson, vs. Henry Avera and wife Mary, John Evans and wife Catharine. Petition for account and settlement. It appearing to the Court upon the hearing of the petition, that the defendants, Henry Avera and wife Mary, John Evans and wife Catharine, are not inhabitants of this State: it is ordered by the Court that publication be made for six weeks in the North Carolinian, notifying the said de fendants to be and appear at the next term of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the countv of Cumberland, at the Court House in FayetteVille, on the first Monday in December next,Aid then and there to plead, an swer or demur to said petition, or the same will be taken pro confesso and heard exparte. Witness, John McLaurin, clerk of said Court at otfice in F-yetteville, the 1st Monday of Sep tember, A. D. 1S49. J. McLAURIN, Clerk. Sept. 29, IS 19. 553-Gt State of North Carolina Sampson County. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions August Term, 1S49. George Sutton and Auswin Sutton, by their Guardian, Edmui.d Sutton, vs. John L. Clifton, administrator of Rebecca Crad- dock, deceased, and others. Petition for account and settlement. In this case it annearins to the satisfaction of the Court that William Craddock, liinton J Craddock. Joseph Craddock, Thomas Craddock, and Georare Craddock. reside bevond the limits of thi Kf:it it is therefore ordered by the Court that publication be made in the iNorth Carolinian for six successive weeks, notifying said non-residents to be and appear at the next term of our Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions to beheld for the county of Sampson, at the Court House in Clinton, on the third Monday in November next, then and there to plead, answer or demur to the said petition, otherwise the ai legation therein contained will be taken pro con fesso and the petition will be head exparte as them. Witness. J. R. Bcaman, clerk of our said Court at otfice in Clinton, the third Monday in August, A. U. 1S49, and 7 1th year of American Indepen dence. J. R. 11EAMAN, Clerk. Sept. 29, IS 19. 553-6t. pr adv 3,25. PLANE ROAD, OR JYO PLANK ROAD. NORTH CAROLINIAN. Wuu II. BayiK, Editor and Proprietor. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C. OCTOBER 27, 1049. JLaie Prom Europe- J. L. CALL US, Agt. Mav 5, 1849. Cm. FAY KI TE VILLK MOTEL, FAYETTEVILLE, N. C. Sept. 29. IS 19. A. C. CURRY, Jailor. 553-tf This building, the largest and handsomest Hotel in North Carolina, has been leased by the subscriber for a term of years, and is now open tVr the reception of travellers, visiters, and bo.irders. ... All the furniture and fixtures about the build-in- are entirely new, having been purchased within the last month. The accommodations in i'll respects will be as good as can be found in the State. The single rooms are provided with ev ery necessary convenience ; ami thedouble rooms for ladies and families, are large and lilted up with care. All the substantial and delicacies allorded by the market and the seasons, will be supplied at the table The servants hare been selected from among the best to be obtained ; and experienced host lers have charge of the stables. The bar is kept bv a gentleman of experience and courtesy, who will furnish all refreshments of the best quality required by travellers or 1 1, . The lessee, with some years experience in this . vacation, will make every exertion ro give satis faction to the patrons of the 1. BroWN Mav 5,1319. 532-ly CARTHAGE HOTEL. This House (Torineiiy owned by Dr. S. C. Bruce) is kept open at present by the subscriber. Thankful for the liberal patronage received so far, he pledges himself to spare no pains to ren der travelers, that may call on him, comfortable during their stay. ROBT. McNABB. Carthage, Moore county, Spt. S. 550-tf LAND FOR SALE. THE Subscriber is now receiving a very ex toncivo :inrtmrnt ot t ALL AiU VV 11 I r-n GOODS, selected exclusively by himself in N. York during the past month. His stock em braces a general variety of STAPLE DRY GOODS, viz Blue, Black and brown Hroadclotns, 1)1, n nH fanrv I . assimeres. OI eri-y 1 tUlll MIIN4 - - Yt B o... iVr.r.1 "uppds. coruuroys. -.i..u ir..t.,L-r loutt Kersevs. Dro. oi unu u ioiii, muv., .t. :u SJhirtimis.Bedand Nogro nianneis, ieuei almost everv desirable article in the Staple trade Satin and Silk Vesting. Plain black and fancy Alpacas and Alpaca lus tres, of latest patterns. Cashmere-de-K cosses lor sanies m -i A great variety of Prints, newest siyie auu mofc beautiful patterns, Worsted Shawls ; Red, white and green lannels, Canton Flannel, Silk and Cotton Dress Shawls, Apron Checks, Bed Ticks, Ginghams, Silk and Cwtton Handkerchiefs, Suspenders and Combs, with a great variety of notions not enumerated. Also, Shoes Bats & Caps, Saddles, Bn'dles, Martingales, Buggy and Mule Collars, Pocket Knives, Knives and r oiks, vutna var.ety of article belonging to the Hardware line, . 50 bags Rio and Laguira Cotlee, Brown, Crushed, Loaf and Refined Sugars, Pepper, Spice, Ginger, Epsom Salt, A superior article Spanish Indigo, Madder, Saleratus, Bar Soap, Cotton ami Wool Cards Hvson, Young Hyson & Gunpowder Tea, best quality. l'ots, uvens, spiuers ou 30 sides best Spanish Sole Leather, 5 tons Swedes and English Iron, 35 kegs Cut Nails, assorted, Blacksmiths' Tools in sets, of superior quality , Window Glass, S x 10 and 10 x 12, 500 sacks Salt, with a few hhds. prime Mo lasses. . . , . All of which will be sold as usual at iuc lowest prices, for Cash, or excn-ug kinds of Produce on the most noerai icrm. All that is required ot persons wisiuuk j the very best bargains, is to call and examine this Stock before purchasing eisewnere. Old Stand, No. 4 Person street, neariy Hr""- the Bank of Cape Fear. ,TTTTC J. iM. tVJMi'T" Talerraphvd for th Charleston Mercury. FURTHER BY THE NIAGARA. Baltimore, Oct. 13. Cabinet councils have been held in England and France, in relation to the position of Turkey with Russia. A general European var is thought to be inevitable. The Paris journals are lejoic ingover the union of England and France, in the matter of the Hungarian patriots. The attention of all Europe is directed to Russia and Turkey. The Sultan has relinquish ed his contemplated voyage to the Archipelago, and the army in the neighborhood of Constanti nople is ordered to hold itself in readiness. The English and French Cabinets are perfectly unit ed in supporting the position of Turkey, and are fully sustained by the press. Comorn has at last surrendered. M. de Tocquville, the French Minister of For eign Affairs, has demanded a further credit to a large amount. Marrast or Thiers will probably succeed Poussinas Minister to the United States. Gen. Lamoriciere's mission to Russia has failed. Sir John Franklin has been heard from, sur rounded by ice in Prince Regent's Inlet. The Pope's Manifesto is very unpopular at Rome with all parties, and especially so with the French. The Cardinals fear to walk the street. The Pope relies on the support of Aus tria and Russia. Irish journals are filled with accounts of bloody conflicts between the tenants and landlords. The aspect of the dispute between England and the United States on the Musquito question, is considered threatening. Both Governments have taken a decjded stand, and if neither yields. France and England have sent a very energetic note to Russia and Austria, relative to the diffi culty with Turkey, which it is supposed will have considerable weight with them. There is great dissatisfaction in the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, and trouble ahead. Gen. Lamon ciere was not allowed to present his credentials as Ambassador of France to the Czar. It is con fidently stated that Sir John Ross is also locked up in the ice of Prince Regent's Inlet, with Sir John Franklin, and that all are safe. Liverpool, Oct. 6. The market closed at the same figures as the week before. Fair Orleans 5id: fair Upland and Mobile 5d. The sales of the week were 29,000 bales, speculators taking 5000 bales, and exporters 1500. LETTER No. 4. Hon. George E. Badger : Sir In for mer letters we have attempted to show that the clause under which you claim the power to legislate slavery from the Terri tories, so far from doing so carries on its face a limitation upon any other legislation thatcontorms to the intent with which the acquisition was made. If it affirms a legis lative power at all, as we are inclined to believe, it is what the lawyers call an ' affirming pregnant" an affirmance of one thing, and a denial of. another ; an affirmance of the power of Congress to legislate tor certain purposes, and a denial of that right to legislate for general pur poses. Congress you know has authority by the express words of the Constitution to pro mote the progress ot science and the use ful arts." Now, in the interpretation of this power would that be a fair construc tion which should claim unlimited power to further the progress of agriculture and coufmerce, (the most useful of all arts,) by any and every legislative means, re gardless of the latter part of the clause which qualifies, restricts and defines the kind of encouragement? What has been the action of the Govern ment under the clause thus cited? Have the most ultra of the protective party ever placed their finger upon this clause as authority to tax the industry of one portion for the advancement of another? Yet does it not contain, torn from the context as much general legislation as your clause torn from the spirit? The one is a power admitted by all to promote a specific ob ject, so we contend is the other. The one points out the way, although in the first part general terms are used ; the other admits the right, but limits it to "ne cessary and proper' legislation; meaning, as we contend, to such legislation as shall conform to the nature of the compact. Did not the framers of the. retleral Constitu tion know the nature and character ol the Government they were providing forr Were thev not as wise, as talented, and as devoted a body of men to unrestricted .am liberty as ever assembled ; ana do not debates, both in the Convention which re commended, as well as in the State Con ventions which approved the Constitution both go to prove that there was much jeal ousy exhibited for this peculiar institu tion, and great care in providing for it ? In truth. ir. was not the express recognition of our slaves in the two fold relation of property and representation, the sine qua non condition on the part of those States who held them? You cannot, you dare not deny this; and yet how can you, with all these trumpt tongued facts looking you in the face, as sert, as you have done, it is one thing for us to think that certain restraints upon the exercise of this power would be con venient, could at this particular time be reasonable, would subserve the interests of that section in which we happen to live, or, if you please, the general interest of the whole ; and it is another and a very differ ent thins to show an actual open and direct Yes, there i more cause for alarm ; the approach tf tbe enemy is more stealthy, more sly and invidious: for with the Syren song of humanity he lulls his victim to sleep But sir. it will be sleep of death to this Republic, unless the enemy is met at the threshhold, and there warned of the danger of a farther approach. He should be told in lanuage in which he cannot be mistak en, that although the South love the Union of these States much, and would nut will in"! r allow one solitary tendril of their affections to be unclasped from its support; m a ft vet, that we value peace, quietuue ana safety of the domestic hearth more. Then, but nut until then, will their aggressions cease, and the South have peace. A SLAVfiriULUKK. TAKEN IN AND DONE FOR. The Cincinnati Despatch of the 5th inst, speaking of the way in which a confidence man imposed upon the Hon. Henry Clay on his recent return from the north, says: He made Mr Clay s acquaintance on the steamboat coin'mi; from Buffalo to Sandus ky, and introduced himself as a younger brother of Mr Winthrop of Massachusetts, Speaker of the last Congress. As Air Clay's boy, Levi, had accidentally been left behind at Buffalo, and as the venera ble sage of Ashland was in feeble health, the many little attentions he bestowed up on him in the absence of his regular travel ing companion, taking care of baggage at the various changes, and other little atten tions of the kind, were gratefully received and won the old man's confidence. Such a thing as the fellow being an impostor never crossed his mind. Upon Mr Clay's arrival at the Broadway Hotel in this city, lie introduced nis traveling companion u his friends, and, from the deference which Mr Clay's recommendation inspired, he at once had the entree to the best society. He lived at the top of the heap at the Broad way invited friends to dine with him ordered expensive wines, and had all his little bills, even down to his washing, paid at the hotel om.ee. lie Dorrowed money of several gentlemen, upon whom lie im posed a trumped-up story of having his pockets picked of all his money. His baggage not making a very bulky show, he also poke of having lost his trunks ia traveling. After living at the Broadway, where he fared "sumptuously every day,' - .. leu d.jit hjb i:giuciint to settle for board and washing, he concluded to accept the invitation, ot the venerable statesman to visit Ashland, made in the presence of the large crowd assembled to witness his departure for home. It so happened that the baggage of Gov. Letcher, Minister to Mexico, and the Hon. Orlando Brown, Indian agent, whose acquaintance he had also made during their stay at the Broadway, had been by some accident left behind, and was to be forwarded after them. As this impostor was going by the stage to Lexington, the trunks of these gentlemen, containing important matters, were by a friend ot theirs intrusted to this 15, 1S49. 551-tf THE MOST EXTENSIVE SHIRT ESTABLISHMENT IN THE UNITED STATES IS AT No. 179 Baltimore st., near Light, BALTIMORE, Md. Where 500 persons are employed, and a stock of 1000 dozen shirts always on hand. Merchants and others visiting Baltimore are invited to call and examine the largest and best stock of SHIRTS that has ever been offered, con. sistin? of all sizes and qualities, for men and boys, which for style and workmanship cannot be surpassed. More than usual efforts have been made to render the assortment complete and desirable in every respect. T. W BETT0.W Marr.h 10, 15-19. ly State of North Carolina Moore C ounty. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions JUiy xerm, Duncan M. Kennedy and John J. Mcintosh vs. Joel Lawhon and others. Petition for partition of Real Estate. t- ,.a mq it anDearintr to the satisfaction of r-r.rt. that Joel Lawhon, Martha Lawhon, Mary Lawhon, and James Lawhon, defendants in this case, reside beyond the limits of this State ; therefore ordered Dy me louh inai puu- iu - ... cation be made in the North Carolinian tor six successive weeks, notitymg saia-non-resiuems i be and appear at the next term oi our your. , n Cocsinnc in hf hpln for the Kr.iVt I fleas ami U'"' - . " , (INortn- f r. nt the Tnnrt House in Carthage, Eist corner Market Square,) co j Mondav in October next, then and .1. I llll Llll. 1VU4.M . The Subscriber offers all his Land for sale, the i -hDr he- resides. S00 or a 1000 acres. There i one trrist and two other mill seats, with ilt The Land is suitable for the pro duction of Turpentine, Tar and Timber. Also, .mod rice farm. 10 acres clearetl. ' au.i "700 or 600 acres of Land in Sampson co., well situated, and is also good turpentine, tar t!mhr land. Anv reroa wishing to pur chase, will apply to the subscriber personally, or address him tniougn me r ayeuevmc r. v. JOHN MAXWELL, Sen. Oct. 6, 1S49. 5o4- It MORE TIME. The Subscriber, New York, Oct. 19. Cotton has suffered a further decline under the Niagara's news. Sales 600 bales fair Upland at 11 J. Large sales could not be made under J cent decline. 13,000 bbls. Flour have been sold at previous prices. 20,000 bushels of Corn were sold at G2 a 61 cents per bushel. Rice remains unchanged. Treasury Note 10 per cent, premium. Baltimore, Oct. IS. The great Pacific Railroad Convention assem bled at St. Louis on Monday last. There were about 600 delegates present, and the number continued to increase. A. Douglass, of Illinois, was chosen President. The proposition to adopt a route different from that proposed by Mr Benton, produced much excitement. A proposal to memorialize Con gress for aid to construct the Road, led to an :,tH Hisr.ussion. which had not terminated jlllliuu at the last accounts. The estaDlishment of bran ches at St. Louis, Memphis, and Chicago, was unanimously agreed upon. upon the power itself." We say how can vou make these unqualified assertions, contradicted as they are, by allair inter pretations ot the letter, as well as in ex press violation of the spirit of that instru ment r What though they might have used lan guage susceptible of being tortured into a double meaning, still we contend that to be the meaning which carries out the spirit of the instrument that is, the meaning which, while it respects the rights of all violates the rishts of none. Can you, sir, 1 n r an t -h it u tin ffittlr tlit m in r 1 1 fi rop i n restriction i.w-"t 1" ... ? nis own name, promising iu ueiivei uiem to the owners. He had not left the city long before his imposture was discovered. Upon the expose, a friend of Mr Clay in this city telegraphed the fact to Lexington, as well as to tiuv. Letcher and Mr liuwn. At the time the despatch reached Lexing ton he had installed himself regularly into the hospitalities of Mr Clay and others to whom he had letters from gentlemen here, or had been presented by Mr Clay himself. He was received into the first society of the Kentucky metropolis, and wa9 flour- 11" - I 1311111 . -J t " "W ww "rrH .X;tv,hichUMs..-Sraphic dp..ch s.,e,rl off hi. you have denied, ami virtually challenget w . . - .1 I . . laurels. has returned from New York with thit kind of a stock of eoods that will suit this Mar ket. They are pretty, they are gaed, and they are real ly very CHEAP. as la- WATCHES Of all kinds as high as you want, or as low you want; Jewelry that embraces all of the r . nnH fashions. leS: ill,.,, it nf Military coods, from the large k. Vum to the smallest button. Surveyors X rhains- Mathematical insiru- l?nu"aZJt the eoP l.dl to a ,H menis , iv ry handle revolver to spoon ; pistols, from the , y of double.barrel Gun? single 'ditto any quantity of fine pocket WnTve's: beautiful lot "f coral neck aces ; fine and An the fourth J" . , .i i .: there to plead, answer, or oemur to ine saiu peti tion, otherwise the allegation merem kuuhmku will be taken pro confesso, and the petition will be heard exparte as to them. Witness, Alexander urry, nem ui , .-, . ec.n ;n Pn.tkiira the fourth fon- SaiU lOUrl a.1 m c iu vi ."P , ---. day in July, A. D. 1S49, and Mtn year oi Ameri can Independence. TTTnv Sept. 22, 1S49. 552-6t. pr adv $3,25. H. Branson & Son, ARE receiviue their fall and winter Stock of Groceries, SSraSWS Cfcdery. Crockery, Shoes, Ker- ...... . i ; Gentlemen, ana sevs ami nianxets, otu- x., THE STATE OF DESERET. The Mormons residing in the Valley of the Grand Salt Lake, have framed a con stitution for a State Government, which is to be submitted to Congress at its next session, and which is to govern them until r'nrP shall authorize some other form of government. They have chosen as the title of their State, the State of Ueseret," Mormon epithet for the "Honey Bee," significant ot industry ana us Kinareu vir tue. Three departments of government, Legislative, Judicial and Executive, are established. The Legislative is to con sist of two nouses, the members ot wiucn are to be free, white male citizens of the United States," and bound by oatn to a cunnort of the constitution of the same- A Governor and Lieutenant Governor, with the customary officers, compose the Execu- . th. 1ri;-irv consists of a live, u '-' j -Supreme Court, with such other tribunals k. UvUlatnre shall establish. Notn- j is said in the constitution about slavery 1 Vu- vv;im Pmviso. The General Or 111 w tvfc - - - - n I, Assembly have elected Almond W. Bab- in vour sneech Look, sir, the words "necessary and proper" ex vi termine, furnishes it, and stands like a concealed breakwater for the purpose of interpostng a wholesome barrier to any attempt at con solidation. We have been taunht to believe in the political school lo which we belong that you may violate the Constitution as much Dy violating us spun as uj exnress letter. Instances of this may be . . .. . i - . r ound, not only in tne past History oi youi own Go eminent, (the alien and sedition act,) but also in that of the mother coun- ' ...... r try, with whose history you are penecu y acquainted. i nniK you uwi uuusn Parliament in the transier oi legislative power to Henry the VIII did not commit nn nt thp (neatest and most dangerous assumptions ol power exerciseu uy mat nation? And yet strictly speaking incur was no violation of national right. nd we tell vou that even in fcngianu. although it is a principle of English law that an act of Parliament Slivered n clear and intelligible terms, cannot be questioned before any J""'" " 2veo there, when against the know n i pnn cinles of the common law, that is, against Z common right and common reason of niankTnd, these very acts have again and SSn been set aside. If there was not a violation of the constitutional right, there was a mortal stab at constitutional representative responsibility and the right of the people toselfgoverntnnt, all of which even Englishmen prize. We cite these instances to shew that it K cnirit f an instrument that consti- a - New Era in Iron. There has just gone into operation at Booneton, N. J , a Triple Chamber, the invention of Mr S. S. Salters. of Newark, into the upper cham ber of which good iron ore (any which does not turn out a great deal of slag,) and an thracite coal, pulverised and mixed, are placed, and, fire being applied, the coal is consumed and the.ore melted ; whereupon it is allowed to descend into the next, (but not exposed to the air at any time,j and finally drawn off at the bottom, fully transformed into malleable (wrought) iron or blooms, ready to be rolled or hammered as may be desired. It is asserted by the patentees that good wrought iron, such as would now command 45 in this market, can be manufactured by this process at g30 per Ion. Some very fine samples ot this Iron arc now on exhibition at the fair. .V. V Tribune. h i nut of it. Step m, get your watches repaired gEASLEY October 6. 1S19, 55 J-2in which they will sell for cash or country produce, nrics as low as the lowest. Call and fee. September S, 1S43. 3m. bitt, as their ueiegate .m. t""7 (lv : ' llU hlood . and when that is tiveto Congress, to urge : up , p." r.. rauch cause for admission ot we new . term as when the assult has been more Union. Baleigh Register. TheN- Y. Journal of Commerce of Thurs- day says: Ve are happy to learn that tut Panama Rail Road Company have put un der contract that portion of their Kail road act oss the Isthmus which lies between the Chares river and the bay of Panama, about 21 miles, the whole distance from Panama, to Limon Bay being 40 nule-r. The contractors are Messrs lotien and Trantwine, whose proposals were the must favorable, and who possess the great re commendation of having been employed for the last four or nve years in the terri tories of New Grenada, in constructing a. canal ninety miles long to connect two branches of "the Magdalena river. Black stockings of all colors," were lately advertised in a country newspaper.