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B SAVURSiT In advance, per year.a 00 Not paid in advance, 2 50 fjot paid until six months have expir ed, 300 Not paid till the year has expired, 330 No subscription received ur a less time than a year, anless the price be paid in advance. ku TBIXJ38 OF r- 1 : ii - - - - - - 1. . : '', - j - - - ''''' ; ; . " CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS I AND THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS CITIZENS. ii OaMduar of twBty-n lines or Aess, for one i or tion, 60 csht ; . every ub. equent ineertioik. 3v chita except it remititfor MVf nl mnntbi . rk i AY . w , ."" V""' . V - F"? ? months, 4 for three, Jtc,;" ? 1 0 for twelve months. ; p BY UfrM. H- BAY WE NEW GOODS & NEW STORE- WILLIAM'S. LATTA Has taken the Store lately occupied by S T. Hawley &. Son, nearly opposite II. &- i.. J. Lilly s, and has an entire New Stock of Goods, Selected from the Philadelphia and New Voik markets, and purchased at very low prices. In the assortment will be found a general and extensive supply of STAPLE AND FANCY DR? GOODS, Hats, Caps, Shoes ant! Boots, Every variety of Hardware and Cutlery, Family Groceries, viz: Coffee, Tea, and lirown Su-rstr; Clarified and He fined Sugar, Wines and French Brandy, China, fine Crockery, and Glass-ware, Points, Medicines, Oils, &.C., Travelling Trunks, Pails, and Brooms, Also, an assortment of Saddlery. Also, .:00 sacks SALT. 300 bushels Alum Salt. All of winch will be sdd low for Cash cr Coun try Produce. January 5, lS'iO. of7-v ILOSTT! - The Subscriber lias lost his Pocket Book containing about fix hundred dollars in cash, mostly on I lie South Carolina Bank, and the following Notes. .Judgment. Receipts. &.C.: One Note on .Aaron William Sc. Aarou Tysou. flild-l i0 DR. J. N. JiAIRD, (Of the firm of McKenney i,- Baird, Dentists, Norfolk,' ra.) Respectfully announces that he will be in Fay etteville the third week in March next, for the purpose of tendering his professional services to the citizens of the place and vicinity. CC5- AM orders left at the Fayetteville Hotel will meet with prompt attention. Norfolk, Feb, 11. 073-tf AYEUS' CIIERR Y PECTORJIL, For sale bv Feb'y 10, 1S50. S. J. HINSDALE. 20 Bbls Iri.sh Potatoes, for plant incr. B. HOSE &. SON. Feb'y 16. 1850 New Crop Molasses. Qf) Hbd prime new crop Molasses. 20 Bbls Yellow planting Potatoes, U Bundles choice Hay. 50 Bbls. suer. fine, and cross Flour. For sale by COOK Sc POWELL. Feb'y 16. 1S30. 573-3t n On One One One One do do do do do do do do on Alfred 13 rower. 40 no ou Donald Short. HK 00 do do 100 00 on fe-se L Bryant. 100 00 do do 75 00 on Jacob Stutts and Henry t lilts, 3iK OO on James Shields. o'aj OO on J M Sowell. Jf.se i Sowfll. and Jesse Muse. 7a 00 on Do:i:iUl Slrwct & !)unciin Murchisuu X"0 00 Feb. JUJUBE PASTE, 1(5. For sale by S. J. HINSDALE. FOR SAjLE. R"0 acres of the best kind of Turpentine Land on Beaver Creek, -ix miles from Fayetteville. Inquire at this office. February 2 1850. 571-tf FAYETTEVILLE, j C, OH ARCH .2. 1850. VOL 11 -HO. 575. 1 $7 Liberal deductiert V tor large advertisement uby the year or six month. SOBTHAOLINIAy. Win. II. Uaync, Editor an J Piopilttoi. FAYETTEVILLE, X. C. 2, 1850. Just One do One do on do do Si 00 One do on do do 10 00 One do on Dcmp.-y S'owi-U. 40 00 One do on V.alcoui U McNeill Si Alex Kelly. I'M) 00 One do on do do ItG ;0 One do on M 1 VcNcill and Bradley Brady, -IT, OO One do ou Nmih Brewer ii. W ai Stutti, 10 i0 One do on John A cNetll. loo OO On do on do o 00 One do on Jesse Spivy. K Mcintosh, and one McDonald. 300 00 Out da ou Auus Vurtiu. Joint M Black, mid Johu M Curry. 150 00 One do on Matthew Davis. 144 00 One do on Ad.-tiu Brewer. 244 00 One do ou Joseph 'J'onipsou, 40 00 One do on Abrani Stvitts. 10 00 One do ou Andrew York. 1150 00 One do on Martin Turner. 0 00 One do on William Stewart. l-"0 00 One do ou William and F.noch Stewart. i0 00 One do on William. Kuoeh nd John Stewart, 75 00 One do on William Davis. Philip Wilsou.aud Ilu'.'h .latthis. 60 00 One do on Levi Wright and John Duulap, HO 00 One do on Samuel C Bruce. 50 00 One do ou Win Danielly and Vicbavl Cockuian 75 00 One do on Jas Hillard and Joel Hillard bO 00 One do on Jesse Wonible. 7 00 One do on Lewi Maness and (leo M lloneycut 10 00 One do ou John Duulap. 10 00 One do on Duncan A.clntosh. 270 00 One do on William J Mcintosh, 20 00 One do ou W Mcintosh. 2 00 Judgments ugainst A A F Sowell to the amount of 45 O0 . Om receipt on Alfred Brower for about 1000. Several Constables receipts t'r papers put in their bauds for col lection; and many other valuable paper not now recol lected. Not at this time recollecting the precise dates of the Notes. Judgments. &.C. 1 have not attempted to state them. 1 will give a reward of ONE HLNDHE1) DOLLARS for the delivery of the Pocket Book and content. I also hereby notify the obligors in said Notes. Judg ments and receipts. &c. not to pay the debts herein de scribed to any other person thau myself or my lawful ajpnt; and all persons are forbidden from trading for the money or papers The last place that T recollect having y Pocket Book was at the Bridge on Bear Creek, at Mechanic's Hill, about two hours bv stiu on Saturday evening the 21th u!t. Any person rinding and delivering my Pocket Book will be additionally rewarded, if required. JOHN U. R1TTKR. Carthage. Moore county. Jan. 1. 1SJ0. 507-tf Received and for sale Win. S. ILatta, by 5 Hilda, new crop MOLASSES. 10 bags prime Cofl'ec. 5 cases dress and water-proof Boots, 2 hhds N. O. Sugar. 1 qr. cask Holland Ciiu. 2 do. Jamaica Hum. very tine and old, 3 do. French Brandy. ? do. Maderia Wine. 2 bbls. Crushed and 2 do. Refined Sugar. And a general assortment of fine China Crockery and O lass-ware. Feb. U. 1850. 572-4t McKETHAN HURRA FOR DEMOCRACY IN CON NECTICUT. The Democratic Convention which recently met in Cennecticut, to nominate candidates for the ensuing State elections, refused, by an over whelming vote, to adopt any resolutions con cerning slavery. A resolution declaring it the duty of Congress to prohibit slavery in the new territories, &.c. &.c, was voted down by 1(5S to 47 ! Another resolution, approving the anti-slavery resolutions of the last Legislature, was laid on the table by 151 to 37 ! ! This shows how the democracy of the north act in this time of trial. We call upon the peo ple to note these facts, because they corroborate what we have often times before declared. We defy the wkig press to show any such proceed ings in a whig Convention in the free States They cannot be shown. The great preponder ance of anti-slavery is in the whig party, and yet our southern whigs will continue to co-operate with them in party measures. GARDEN SEED. A large supply of Garden iced of the growth of 1S49. consisting in part of White Dutch Turnip, Cabbage, a great viriety, Ileets, Radish, Lettuces, Tomatoes, Peas, Weans, Cucumber, Carrot, Parsnip, &c. &c. Price, 3 cents per paper. Also, Collard Seed, Just received and for sale by Feb'y 2, ISiO. 571-tf S. J. HINSDALE. TREES, SHRUBS, And. Plants for Sale. Just received from the Nurseries of J. & T. Lindhy 1000 FRUIT TREES, at $10 per 10O. C. LUTTERLOH. Agent. I ha ve also a ehoice collection of Jreen House and hardy Plants: Roses and other Shrubs: Hyacinths at 10 to 50 cts: Tulips 10 to 30: Dahlias 2" to 50: Tigridia 5 to 10. a beauti ful Mower, continues in bloom all summer; Strawberries 50 t 75 cents per hundred. Also, a number of Flower Tots. Jan'y 19.1S50. 509-Gt Buckwheat & Butter, fre-h snpplv, just received and for sale by j.:n. ii. " r.KO. mcneill. State of N. Carolina Cumberland County. fJattrt of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Decern- ll. of Susan Plummer, bcr J t riit, Joseph Thames, adm'r. vs. Skinkiu IMummer. Original Attachment levied on a negro girl named Patience, about IS j ears of age. It appearing to the sati6factiou of the Court that Skinkiu Plummer. the defeudaut in this caso is not an inhabitant of this State, it is therefore ordered, that pub lication be made in the North Caroliuiau. a newspaper printed is the town of Fayetteville. requiring the defend ant personally t appear at the nest term of the Court ot rieaii and Quarter Sessions, to fce held tor the county of Cumberland, at the Court House iu Fayetteville. ou the Srst Monday in March next, and replevy and plead to is ue. Otherwise the slave levied on will be condemned for the atislation of the plaintifl 's recovery. Witness John MeLauriu. Clerk of our aid t ourt, at of fice, the 1st Monday la December. i4J. ... 670-6t JOHN McLALRIN Srill continues to carrv on the CARRIAGE BUSINESS in ail its branches, at the OLD STAND. He re turns thanks lor the liberal patronage he has heretofore received, ami !upes, by -a mtnet atten tion to business and a desire to give entire satis faction, to merit a continuance of the same. He has on hand a very fine assortment of Carriages, Barouches, Buggies, Rockaways, AM SULKIES, finished, and a very large assortment of work partly finished, which, for elegance of shape and finish, will compare with any other work. Persons wishing to buy, would do well to call and examine the work, as lie is determined to seil low for cash, or notes on short time. fJCj- All work warranted fr twelve months, and repaired free of charge, should it full by b id workmanship or matei lal. Repairing faithfully executed at short no tice, on very reasonable terms. January 19, 1&."0. Valuable Lot FOit SALE, AT AUCTION. On Saturday. March 16th. 1S50. will be sold at the Mar ket House, that valuable Lot. corner of Hay and Maxwell streets, known as the property of Jas. W. England and Wm. M. Johnson Terms at sale. S. W. TILLINGII AST, Auct'r. February 2. 1S50. 570-ts 6 Rowland's extra thick Mill Saws, t cross-cut Saws, .' do.en fine Handsaws, 4 dozen Coflee Mill, dozen fine house Locks, ditto Car,ieiitei s' ditto, Wood Saws, dozen steel and iron Hoes, dozen long and short handle Forks, kegs Nails, assorted, dozen Knives and Forks, some verv 4 4 ,j '20 o l 50 (3 pair brass tip'd Andirons, 12 pair Shovels and Tongs. Feb'v 10. WM S. LATTA. fine, Clerk NEGROES WANTED. We want TWF.NTV NEGROES for a nouthern plan tation. Liberal prices in cash will be paid, if offered icon. J. 8t T. WAD DILL, Hay street. Jan'y 12. 1S50. 558-tf NOTICE. The uaderaigued. in the name and on behalf f Lafayette Division, No. 2. of the Sons of Temperance, will give $to tor the best ORIGINAL ESSAY on thf. Evii5 or li TEMrcRAKCE awn the Remedt. This Essay must be writ ten by a North Carolinian, or a resident in the State ; must not exceed .thirty pages duodecimo, and must be forwarded free of charge, en or before the 15th of June next, to Rev. R.T. Hellin, S. W. Whiting, and C C. Ra. boteau. qa., Raleigh, N. C, who have kindly consented to act as adjudicators. The manuscript must be accom panied with a sealed letter containing the address of the writer. The award will be adjudged on the last day of August. Feb'y 9th, 1850. G P. JONES. State of Xorth Carolina Moore County. Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions January Term, liO. Elizabeth Wicker vs. Johu Wicker. &. others, heirs at Law of Wm. Wicker, dec. Petition for Dower. It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that Calvin Wicker, one of the defeadants in this case, resides beyond the limits of this State; It is therefore ordered by the Court that publication be made in the North Carolinian for six successive weeks, notifying said Calvin Wicker to be and appear at the next term of our Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, to be held for the County of Moore, at the Court House in Carthage, on the 4th Monday iu April next, then and there to plead, answer, or dexnur to the said petition, otherwise the alligation therein coutained will be taken pro confesso. and th petition will be heard exparte as to him. Witness. Alexander C. Curry, Clerk of our said Court at office in Carthage, the 4th Monday in January, A. D. 18a0, and 4th j ear of American Independence (rj-.It was rumored by the Washington letter writers that a difficulty had occurred in the Cabinet, in consequence of some rather high handed measure. 'I he correspondent of the Charleston Courier says that Mr Clayton had several times acted on his own responsibility without consulting the rest of the Cabinet. The last act of this sort is said to be this : Mr Law re.ice, the present Minister to England, had a negotiation on hand, but having been taken sick, Mr Clayton became impatient, and prepared a plan, and proposed to Mr Bulwer to enter into a negotiation ; but Mr Bulwer said he had no au thority to commence the negotiation, but would forward the propositions to his o n government. A few days alter, Mr Clayton, at a Cabinet meet ing, informed the Cabinet what he had done. There was considerable opposition to what Air Clayton had done, and the Cabinet h sessions. It Was said iir L layton resign. We know not how much of this is true ing has since transpired. d two long -wore he would Noth- Fcb IS, 1830. :3-6t A. C. CURRY. Clerk. pr adv f-3 23. 2000 Lbs well cured new BACON, Just received and for sale bv Feb. 16. B. ROSE fc SON. FOR RENT. A comfortable Dwelling, with convenient out-houses, and from 30 to 40 acres cleared ground, 3 miles west of Fayetteville, recently occupied by Chas. Montague. Esq. and known as Mrs Hybart's country residence, is now of fered for Rent . , Also Mra Weeks' residence m Fayetteville, on Mason treet and Raiford's Lane, lor terms apply to WM. BOW. Feb'y 16, 1830 573-tf Itjf. 15 hhds. new crop Molasses, For sale by TAYLOR &- UNDERWOOD. Feb. 16. 573-3t Froua the Greensboro Patriot. ELECTION OK JUDGES. The Nashville Union states that it does not know a single paper in Tennessee which opposes the election of Judges by the people. The Editor of the vv hi"; pa per at Paris, in that State, who has been at Nashville, and observed how tilings were done up" in the Legislature there, writes quite gn impassioned article in favor of taking avvay the appointment of Judges, District Attorneys, &c, from the .As sembled Wisdom.' Says he " we have seen merit, sterling worth, unquestioned qualification and undoubted character thrust aside, in opposition to the will tf the people of the district, and one without qualification, really unknow n iu his pro fession, elevated to office." The Editor cries out, away with the present system, "and let the people, who love their country better than they do their 'cousins,' select and elect their own officers. This swapp ing of votes anil honey -fuggling'' system of log-rolling among a parcel of swell-heads, is intolerable We were in Nashville lontr enough to see how this degrading system operates, and we are satisfied that it should be speedily abolished.'' A change in this particular is not with out active advocates nearer home. In our good State of North Carolina the Judiciary possesses a purity ami eleva tion of character which every vv lie re com mands respect ; and, for our part, we should be content to let well enough alone." Hut we must confess that the excellence ol our Judiciary is chiefly at tributable to the high sense of personal character in the. recipients of office, fa quali ty habitual to the liberally-educated men of our State.) and not to any peculiar fitness of the present appointing power to discriminate in the matter ot qualiuca tion. In our humble opinion, the tact that the judicial stations are tilled by appointment of the Legislature, is not a whit better guarrantee against partiality and corruption in office, than if the appoint ments were made by popular ballot. It j is most notorious that party politics govern the judicial appointments in our own Le gislature, and that the scenes of elec tioneering among the members, in this connexion, are such as scarcely ever dis grace the popular hustings. We dare saw that if a plain honest citizen could observe the whole process of electing a Judge by our General Assembly, as it is sometimes carried on, he would feel like denouncing it in the blunt terms of the Tennessee Editor, quoted above. We are not prepared to accord to the members of the Legislature any powers of discrimination, in this particular, superior to the mass of voters ; but w e are prepared to believe that they are more liable to be entrapped by, because a hundred -fold more exposed to, electioneering arts, and more apt to fall into that feeding of favorit ism which has accorded to many office a tenure almost as strong as that of inherit tance. CX5 The fotlowin? letter is an able argument against the governmental policy of what Is known in thisjeountry as a -whig protective tariff,' or tax on 11 articles brought from foreign countries. The writer was formerly of the United States, but now an English merchant. From Wilmer St Smith's Times. ; PROTECTIONISM IN THE UNITED 5 STATES. - To Ac Secretary of the Treasury of the v (tinted States. cy V Sii, I can assure you it gave me sin cere pleasure when I saw Great Britain and the United States repeal those restrictions in their commercial codes, which impeded a nion? extended intercourse between the two great families of the Saxon race, for such a course lrbelieve to be dictated by sound and enlightened policy, and by the true Interests of both. It was, therefore, withf regret and surprise that I read the Presdent's message and your report to Congress, recommending a restrictive pol icy. I cannot reconcile your argument, when you almost in one and the same breath admit that no laws should be pass ed but for the good of the whole; and yet recommend a policy that will protect a clasi at the expense of the nation. 1 feel too much interested in your prosperity, as adding to the prosperity of all other nations with whom you trade, particularly to that of Great Britain, not to endeavor to show the fallacy of your reasoning; it is just such as 1 should look for from that class who seek for advantages at the ex pense of others, but not for a gentleman holding the distinguished position of Sec retary of the Treasury to a great and en lightened people. After giving us some details of your revenue and expenditure, you go on to quote acts of Congress, show ing the power to levy taxes on imports, and give your reasons for recommending a higKer tariff. No one doubts the power of Congress to levy a tax on imports; it was, therefore, not necessary, for you to estab lish that fact. You omit, however, to re mind us that Congress has no power to im pose an export duty. The enlightened wisdom and forethought of those great men whtt framed your constitution, enabled them to see that any burthens laid on ex ports would lessen their quality, and if heavy would stop them altogether, and thus decrease the means of getting profita ble exchanges from other countries of such article as could be produced there cheap er (hart at home. Although they felt them selves compelled to taise the ecssary revenue from import duties, they made them as light as possible, being well aware, I of what experience has proved to be true, that there is a point beyond which it you increase your duties you decrease your rev enue. We have felt the truth of that fact here; and now better understanding our true interest, we have abolished altogether the duties formerly collected on your flour, your cotton, and many other articles, and out within the reach ot the consumers a for the products of your native industry, the products of your soil, which is your true native industry. Then is it not great injustice to your planters, your farmers, and your consumers, to shut those mark ets against them by protective or prohibi tory duties on imports which decrease the power of foreigners to buy, as you limit the quantity yon can take'lrom them. . In the first place you narrow the market and abridge the competition amongst those who would be purchasers of their produce; and you also confine them to buy protected articles at home, for the avowed and un disguised purpose of raising prices, & pre vent their getting their necessaries cheaper, by .imposing restrictions ou importation. This is a double injustice. It is unques tionable that the accumulating wealth and property of individuals in the aggregate, promotes national aggrandisement and so cial comfort; and any thing that prevents this is a national lo?s. It never can be said that if I am con fined to one market to make my sales I can do as well as if I had competition aris ing from a choice of the markets of the world ; or iff am restricted to buy what I want at home, or to import under pro tective duties, that I can do as well as if no prohibition existed. You call protec tive duties necessary imposts; 1 deem them most injurious restrictions, and 1 doubt their advantage, in many cases, t the protected parties. They are a positive loss to the nation. No part of your rea soning astonished me more than your re marks about cotton. You say you produce to the value of 65,000,000 dollars, but if manufactured at home it would be increas ed fourfold. I presume you do not mean to assert that this fourfold increased value could be effected without increased capital and hands, although that inference may be drawn from whatyou state. I, therefore, ask this question, how are you to with draw both capital and hands from other pursuits, without serious and manifest in jury to them? And with you, where is great enterprise, sagacity, and intelligence, and where every man is at perfect liberty to employ his capital and his industry as he pleases, I ask whether they would'uot become cotton spinners, weavers, &c, &c, if their industry was better remune rated in those channels than in their pre. sent pursuits? Is it, therefore, wisdom towithdra.v energy, enterprise, labour, and capital from other pursuits, and from your true native industry the cultivation of theproducejafoujr soil -where you have regions ot virgin earth and" other ad vantages at present that no other nation in the world possesses, and force all these faculties into manufacturing labour, w hen other countries have greater advantages than you, and when protecting tluties are necessary to sustain it at the cost of all partise not protected r As soon as you have capital and labor which can be more profitably employed in factories than otherwise, the sagacity of reatly increased nuanity of the necessaries ! Ju people will find it out, without their and luxuries ot lite at much less cost; or in other words, as all commerce is barter, we have to part with less of our industry to procure more of that of other countries under a low tarift' than a high one. Let me give you a simple illustration of this. Suppose you can buy a bale ot French silks for 500 dollars, but to protect your manufacturing interest you place on it an import duty of 100 per cent., making the cost to the consumer 1000 dollars. Now if this 100 per cent, duty did not exist, 100 barrels of flour, at 5 dollars per barrel, would have paid for the silks; but by this extra duty you either put it out of the far mer's or consumer's power to buy, or he must pay 200 barrels of flour, or 1000 dol lars for it- I do not go into the question of higher duties requiring more capital and more proht to the importers by making tne silks more costly to the consummer, I merely want to show the effect of high duties in decreasing the comforts ot the people, and compelling them to pay high prices to the protected interest, whether that of the iron-masters, cotton spinners, or any other protected class. During my residence in the United States I think the duties were about 15 per cent., so that 1 15 barrels of flour would pay for the bale of silk. For every 1 percent, the duties are now or may hereafter be, above this rate; the farmer to make the same pur chase must sacrifice another barrel of his flour, or its equivalent in cottton, Indian corn, pork, rice, tobacco, or cheese, &c, &c. It ought not to be lost sight of that the manufacturers' price at home is kept down by the import price. Consumers are not sufficiently aware how much they suffer indirectly from high tariffs; although thev are not compelled to buy dutiable articles, yet many of them are necessaries of life which they cannot do without. If the other nations of the earth, trading with you, impose restrictive or prohibitory du ties, on both aides you carry ou a war of commercial injuries. You seem altogether to forget that you must buy to be able to sell, and the more property you can posess yourself of at home, or import from abroad at the least expenditure of your capital or labour the seoner you become rich 1 presume this will not be denied. It is true, as you slate, that every producer, in any branch of useful industry, is a consumer of the products of other industries; it follows, that th mnm nrnmMrniu other COUOtrieS I are with ulwmi vnn iradf the more thev 1 I are able to buy and give you as equivalents on postage Deing ooistereu up with a hign tarill. . api tal can then venture into them with safety, w ithout any Tear of the next Congress be ing able to injure them by reducing the dutii s. Until the natural course of events has brought those changes round, it is not the policy of any country to force their of from 500 to 600 per cent., the incomfe from this source, since the change, has gradually increased, and goes on increas ing, that the gross receipts are nearly as high a-, they ever were under the old system. It wus i ot till after many years discussion of the impolicy of our corn-laws that this nation was taught sound political economy, and became sufficiently enlight ened tn uvvrcomc their prejudice iu favor of protection. - The landed aristocracy, who ler that " they will suffer by our tree trade princi- -pies, will, no doubt, make every effort again to get back a duty on corn. ' I be lieve, however, that to enforce such a measure would endanger the .safety of th5 State. Every step we have taken towards removing restrictions, shows its wisdoul. I have always viewed the dependence of man on man, and of nation on nation, mak ing it their interest to live on friendly terms with each other, independent of higher considerations, as the very best security for maintaining social intercourse aud the peace of the world. To hear the Secre-. tary ol a great and rising nation express his belief that it is their interest to adopt. hia Chinese or Japanese policy, or to force tlie citi.ens of this country to create a band of smugglers, as in Spain and Portugal, to evade laws which they consider unjust, must be a matter of astonishment When we consider the state of Switzer land laboring as it does under many dis advantages of climate and locality, butun burthened with a custom house maintain ing a successful competition in many ar ticles in foreign markets, with countries that have innumerable advantages that this little State does not possess we see what may be done by giving free scope to indus try and enterprise. 1 did not expect that any man would have courage enough to propose such a retrogade movement, to favor any class or interest, in the face of the intelligence of the age. - Prior to the embargo, in 1808, there was as much dis grace attached to smuggling as stealing from a shop. This moral restraint gua r dy ed your revenue better than the host of custom house officers, which prohibitions and high duties, have made necessary with you, as every where else: it is the effect produced by unequal and unjust laws. 1 have no doubt we shall go ou here without reference to what the United States or any other country may do; and you may ret assured that neither you nor any other na tion will remain under unnecessary and injurious imposts, when the effect of their removal here is fully" developed ami un derstood. I have the honor to be, Yours, very respectfully, WILLIAM 11UOWN. Richmond Mill, near Liverpool, 24th J.muary, 1S.0O. citizens out of pursuits, in which climate or other circumstances give them peculiar advantages, and which they, therefore, find it their interest to follow, to induce them to adopt others that are stimulated into existence by bounties of protective duties The division of labor is well un derstood to be productive of great advan tages; but you would destroy this by en couraging planters and other industries to become manufacturers, irrespective of cli mate or other circumstances which may be favorable to them. You say no country can attain a due strength or prosperity, wh.ch does not, by its labor, carry its own productions as nearly as possible to the point of ultimate consumption. I agree with you, that no nation can attain strength or prosperity ex cept by its own labor; but you must not force that labwr into particular channels, when it is more advantageously employed in other pursuits. The meddling inter ference of Government in those matters is national suicide. Individuals are much belter judges how they can employ their time, their capital, and their labor, most productively, than any government. It has not been of our sins here, that we have interferred and legislated too much. You state, that, under your present tariff, some articles have produced less revenue than under a higher rate of duties. This being so, it follows your own manufacture of those articles is sufficiently reuumerative to the manufacturer, and has supplied the consumer so as to render larger imports unnecessary; or if that is not the case, that the consumers have the advantage of the reduction of price on the imported ar ticle; in either case the country is a gain er, bv obtaining a supply lor a less quan tity of their productive labor: this surely must he their interest. 1 contend that it is the true interest of a state to let the capital and labor of the nation flow into that channel that pays best. It does ap pear most extraordinary, that you, whose sole dependence for replenishing your ex chequer is almost altogether on import du ties, should suggest and recommend the most effectual way of decreasing them. See the effects here of decreased rate Notwithstanding a reductiuu From the Uulon. KODT. K. HORN Ell. Malversation mf Office. Mr Bay, of Missouri, in his speech on the 20th"F-b'y, beloie the Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, made some very striking and appropriate re marks upon the extravagant and wasteful expendituies of the public money by our government functionaries. He alluded to one particular instance of an individual being paid by the government for services rendered iu this city, when that person was three thousand miles away at the time. 1 do not pretend to know to what case the honorable gentleman particularly referred, but a case so similar in circumstances within a short time past has occurred in this city, the particulars of which have re cently come to my knowledge, that 1 deem it id sufficient importance to demand a public investigation and exposure. Robert E. tlorner, the actiug Doorkeep er to the House, certified his brother, T. C. Horner, ou the pay-roll as one of his messengers in employment under him, from or about the 9th day of May, 1849, up to the commencement of the present session of Congress, when, in truth and in fact, his brother was not in Washington city to be iu any employment, but was ac tually at Sheboygan, in the State of Wis consin, attending to his duty as superin tendent of the light-house in that place, un der an ?ppointoent of the general govern ment, made May 8, 1840, at an annual salary of &350 and perquisites. Now, what can be thought of the man who would, lor the sake of placing a few hundred dol lars in his brother's pocket, commit a trick upon the government, by certifying to ser vices as rendered bv his brother which never were rendered? Comment is un- in .T -vet XT necessary. v i uejA. TO DEBTORS. WE mast remind those who owe as, of a former notice. and urge their attention to it. Mr Jehu Shaw or T. J. Robinson will furnish and attend to the settlement of our account till the 1st April next, after which they may be found iu the bands of an Attorney. B. St B. W. KUDl.-'S"' Feb. 23. M50. 67-w $10 REWARD. Ranaway from my plantation, about 1 Adays aga. my boy Kt0, about 17 years old. a bright mulatto; baa black curly hair, and is wen known in FayetterUU and Wil mington, and no doubt ie n one or the tber place. H mother belongs to Mr Arthur J. HOI, near Wilmington. I will aire the above reward for his apprehension mad connnSnt in any jau Jn the Stls delivery to Messrs D W. McLaurin In Fayetttvttle. Feb. 23- 574-tf W. L. HALL. PREVENTION &. CURE OF CONSUMPTION. A treatise- as tir- prffftaHDa and cure of consumption, by tb water treatment a y finable work by John Shew, 1. D. Only one copy, for sale, at the Carolinian Offlc. Price 60 cts.