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In advance, per year ,$2 00 50 Not paia in advance, 5 fiot paid until six months have expir ed, 300 Not paid till the year has expired, 350 No subscription received for a less time than a year, unless the price be paid in advance. i r ilftf b Otln 11 CHARACTER IS AS IMPORTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS AND THE GLORY OF THE STATE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OF ITS CITIZENS. BIT WM. H. BAXXffE i TERMS or ADVERTISING: One square oftwenty-n Kma if- for one iuser- IllWVU v. J - tion, 60 centa l every sub - aeauent insertion, 30 cent !fvrDt it remain in for sev- jteralmonths, when it will be chargeU 3 for two jimonth, $4 for three, &.C 'ASlOfor twelvemonths. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, DECEMBER 21, 1850. I VOL. CI7. for laree advertisements by the year or six mortls i 1 a fh newspapers should mark o their adrerti-tmentB ith the number of insertions : therwiae tney ouen i"" , rertUemeat an longer than necessary . and when the bill comes to be settled, there if Komething said about the .n.T A n.l wh-n an article is advertised for sale, when it ii solo, the adrertiser should attend to taking it out of tee paper, because it misleads the readers of the paper besides running him to morecost. AT THE CAROLINIAN OFFICE. From and after the 1st of Sept. 18oO. For all such Blanks as we keep for sale, 00 cents per quire. Where Blanks are printed to order, the prices will range from 33 cts. to $1 50 per quire, thus: quire cap blanks 5 or G " 1 2 li 4, 10 " I.) " " " U0 ' " 1 quire letter-sheet blanks O 4 t( 4 3 4, 10 15 20 5 or G 50 00 3 75 00 50 40 25 85 75 G5 55 45 35 per quire. Any blank printed to order which has more matter in it than is usual in blanks printed for the above prices, will be charged extra accord ing to the amount ol'm.ttter, or the fancy-work directed to be done. In like manner, a blank cort;iinin but a tew lines of matter to the sheet will be charged a less price. VETCHES & JEWELRY The subscriber gives notice to his old friends and customers, and the public, that he has re sumed the WATCH AND SILVERSMITH BUSINESS. and is now receiving a good assortment of goods in the line, such as GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES, Cold fob, vest and ujrd Chains; gold Watch Keys; Jenny Lind gold Enr-Kings, (now all the rage;) gold Breast Pins, Rings, Lockets, Studs, and Snaps; gold and silver Pencils ; gold Pens; silver Combs and Slides; music boxes; fine knives, razors and scissors; silver thimbles; needles; surveyor's compasses and chains; revolv ing and common pistols; double and single barrel guns; powder ll.isks ; shot pouches ; game b-igs; percussion caps; violins; cl.irionetts; flutes; fifes; accordeons; vioiin and guitar strings; perfumery; steel and gilt watch chains and keys, watch guards; porte monaies, &.c. &,o. ALSO, S dav and 30 hour BRASS CLOCKS; ALARM CLOCKS. All of which will be sold as cheap as can be bought io the State, and on as reasonable terms. fjrj- Watches and Clocks repaired and warrant ed. AIL kinds of jewelry and other jobs in his line repaired with neatness and despatch. A share of tne trade is solicited. W. PRIOR, At the old stand on the north side Hay street, 4 doors above the Mjikef. House. Sept 2S, 1S50. 3m. HATS & CAPS. I would respectfully call the attention of my friends and the public generally to my new and large stock of Huts and Caps. Having selected them with great care, I feel assured that it there is any thing in the shape of a hat, cap or turban, in New York or Philadelphia, that is calculated to please the public, they can be suited at my store, north-east corner Market Square, Green street. I am prepared to furnish country merchants at wholesale on the most reasonable terms. 1 in tend selling for very small profits. DAVID GEE. Sept 21, 1S50. $10 Reward. Runaway from the subscriber on the 0th inst., a negro boy by the name of WESLY. Said ne gro is 27 years'of aae; about five feet nine inches hish ; weighs about 1-0 or 165 pounds; has rather a saucy look; with a scar running across the forehead above the eye-brow, and he is of a dirk copper color. He has a large natural gap between the upper front teeth. The above reward will be paid for his appre hension and delivery to me, or for putting him in any jail so that I can net him again. Any in formation concerning him will be received if di rected to me at Rollins Store. Moore county, r C. T1IOS. HARRINGTON. Sept 21, 1S50. 604-tf SPECIAL NOTICE. The undersigned havig concluded to close their mer cantile business in this place, would respectfully request all porsous indebted to the firm, by note or otherwise, to come forward and settle their respective dues ou or before the first day of January. 1851, as one of the partners in business contemplates cm-cratinir westward at an early day. It is necessary that the business of the firm should be settled forthwith. J. T. TOPE & CO. Further Notice. We hare on hand a small stock of well-sel cted GOODS, which are entirely new. and now offered at -very reduced prices, for CASH. Any person wishing to engage In the business, can find a bargain in the purchase of the stock on hand, if application be made soon. J. T. F. &. Co. . Lumbcrton, N. C . Dec. 4, 1S50. 613-3t 2000 Lbs. crime North Carolina BACON, sides. hams, and shoulders, just receired and lor sale by . KOSh. at siu.n. Dec. 7,1850. 3t Hatters Wanted. I am auxions to employ on or two Silk Hat makers, and two wool wotkers. DAVID GEE. FayetteriUe, N C, Dec 7, 1850. tf Barry's Tricopherus For sale by s. j. HINSDALE. MKS. HARDIN'S SCHOOL " For Young Indies, At Rose Hill, near Fayetteville. JV. C. The next Session of this FAMILY SCHOOL, nnder the immediate charge of Mr and Mrs Hardin, will commence on Thursday, 9lh of January ext,and end on the 9th of June following. Eaily notice is requested from those desiring places for their daughters or wards, the School being limited in number. The present session will terminate on the 20th inst W. II. HARDIN. Rose Hill, Dee. 2, 150 515-3t Dee 7, 1850 TEA! Superior Hyson. Imperial Gunpowder, and Ooloong Tea, for sale by POST OFFICE INFORMATION. a i . . single icner means any weigning l ounce avoidrupois or less. A letter weighing over 1 oz. and less than 2 isregarded as 4 letters. Newspaper, means a paper of 1900 square in ches or less. No P. M. can frank a letter weighing over J ounce, except on 'official Business.' Postage on letters from any office in the U. S., to and from California, or our Territories on the Pacific, 40 cents prepaid or not. 'Newspapers and pamphlets 3 cents each, sea postage, and the inland Postage to be added, if any. P. M.'s whose corn's were $200 or less for the year ending June 30, 1S50, can send and receive written letters free, not weighing over oz. each on their own private business. They can Irank to California, or any other place in the U. S. possessions, but not beyond. Postage on letters to China, &.c. may be 75 cents or 45 cents. Postage on regular or transient papers, 1 or 1 J cents, and 50 per cent, commission on them. Total postage on papers to Great Britain 4 cents, 2 cents to be paid in each country; to any place through Great Britain 4 cents, prepaid. The Postage on letters, to or from Great Brit ain is 21 cts., the single rate. The franking privilege 'travels with its pos sessor.' A Postmaster can frank through any office he may pass in travelling, but he cannot send franked letters from his own office at the same time. Postmasters whose annual compensation is not over $200, may frank names of subscribers and money to newspapers. Postmasters are entitled by law to the follow ing commissions on the amount of letter postages received by them in each quarter of the year, and in due proportion of any fractional part of a quarter ; but no Postmaster can receive a larger compensation from commissions than 500 per quarter: 40 per cent, on the first $100; 33' " " next 300 ; 30 " " " 2,000; 12 " on all over 2,400 ; A commission of 50 per cent, is allowed on postage of Newspapers, Pamphlets, and Maga zines; also two cents is allowed for the delivery of each free letter, (excepting free packets of printed matter, such as Speeches, &c, though made up in letter form,) to officers where the commission does not ain't to $500. On letters received for distribution at such offices ;is are designated for that purpose by the Postmaster General, a commission of 7 percent, is allowed. Postmasters whose annual compen sation is not over $'200 may frank names of sub scribers and money to editors. At offices where the mail is regularly to arrive between the hours of y o'clock in the evening and 5 o'clock in the morning, 50 instead of 40 percent, is allowed on the first $100 of letter postage. Table of postages. 1-2 oz Letters not over 300 miles, Letters over 300 miles, Dropped letters, Letters by British mails, Newspapers not over 100 m:les, or within the State, for each sheet or supplement. Do. over 100 miles and out of the State, To be prepaid if not sent from ttie office of publication. Pamphlets, Magazines, Periodi cals and all other printed mat ter, except as before and under mentioned for each not over loz 10 o 21 1 or.. 2 oz 3 oz. To "5o 30 20 40 GO 2 2 2 4S 96 144 1 cent. 1J cts. 2oz. 3oz. 4 oz A fraction of oz. i 3 4i 5- over not to be regarded Circulars and handbills not over single cap size and unsealed (to be prepaid,) 3 cents. The Cunard line of steamers is under contract pay with Great Britain, for carrying mails, and nil the postage except 5 cents on letters carried from the U. States by that line, is received by Great Britain; but the Collins' lino is under con tract with the United States, and all the postage except 3 cents on letters carried out by this line, is reeehed by the U States. Important to Mill Owners. FAYETTEVILLE FOUNDRY AND MACHINE SHOP. The undersigned is now prepared to furnish Castings of every description, at the shortest notice. Those in vant of Castings, will find it to their interest to leave their orders at the Fayetteville Foundry and Machine Shop. lie is prepared with four lathes and other tools, to put up machinery of anv description. HENRY G. HALL. Fayetteville, Nov. 10, 1S50. G12-tf NEW GOODS. W3I. CIXTYRK has received a general assortment of imported anil domestic DRY GOODS; floor and furniture Oil Cloths; window, wall and bordering Paper; Hats, Caps, Shoes, Bonnets, Hardware and Cutlery, bar Iron, Groceries, & e. Liberty Point, Nov. 1G. 3m NOTICE. Taken up and committed to tho Jail of Cumberland county. N. C, on Sunday the 17'h inst.. a negro man who says his name is SAM, nnd says he belongs to a. .ir Spralls of Georgia. He cays h? waa carried to Richmond. Va . by a man named Geo. Moore, and sold to another man named Stark, who sold him to .Mr Spralls. Hit was then carried to Aiken. S. C and put to work on the Railroad. Said neirro is 43 or 50 years of age. coper colored; 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high; and had on. when taken up. a grey colored frock coat, blue woollen pants, aud a cloth cap. The owner of said negro is hereby notified to come forward. proTe pro perty, pay charges and take him away, or he will be dealt with as the law directs. WM. L. CALLAIS, Jailor. Nov 23.1850. 613-tf Application will be made to the General Assembly for a charter for a Plank Road from Fayetteville to the Raleigh and Wilmington Railroad, to be styled the Fayetteville and East ern Plank Road. C NEGROES WANTED. Th Subscriber will pay Csh for likely young Negroes, male and female, from the age of 8 to 25 years. He may be seen at any time at the FayetteTille Hotel. SHERMAN JOHNSON. Not. 33 1850. 613-tf S, J. HINSDALE. NOTICE- In pursuance of the provisions of a Deed of Trust made to me! by J. B. Melvin, I shall pro ceed to sell on the 10th day of January, 1S51, at Owensville, Sampson county, the stock of goods, negro Dinah; horse and gig, and other articles belonging" to said J. B. Melvin. Terms made known at sale. DANL. MELVIN, Trustee. Nov 16, 1850. 612-3t iirrii "in TWO HOUSES And Lots lMC3 The subscriber intending to remove from Fay etteville, now offers for sale his real estate in said town, to-wit: The dwelling bouse and lot wheie he now re sides, on northeast corner of Person and Wash ington streets, half way between the river and the town hall. The house is two stories high, framed, and has all convenient out-buildings. It has six rooms, and piazza to both stories. The lot is one and a half acres, and is in good state of cultivation, with a large number of dif ferent kinds of fruit trees. A handsome flower garden in front of the house, and piazzas shaded with trees and vines. The house is offered for sale, and if not sold by 1st January, will be rented until it is sold. Also, the house and lot on the southeast cor ner of Russel and Cool Spring streets, now occu pied by IVlr John Brown. The lot contains thre quarters of an acre. The house is cottage built, and contains three good rooms, and kitchen ad joining, tne wnole making a comionaoie resi dence. For terms or other particulars, applv to AMOS JESSUP. Fayetteville, Dec. 14, 1S50. GlG-3t CUMBERLAND ACADEMY. The winter session will commence on Wednes day the first day of January next, and close on the last Wednesday in May. Students may choose t heir own place of board ing, and good board may be had at differet prices, varying from seven to nine dollars per month. Mudents may furnish their own rooms, or they will be furnished at a reasonable rate. Tuition varies from $G to $10 per quarter. Rooms in the Academy Hall, $1 per quarter. Tuition iu advance. By order of Trustees. Dec 14, 1S50. 610-2t ROWLAND & MCKAY announce to their friends and the people of Robeson that they have opened A STORE in the town of Lumberton, and are now receiving from New York, a large stock of new and carefully selected GOODS, Embracing Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Cutlery, Boots and Shoes, Hats, Ready-made Clothing:, and every article called for in a store. Of the quality of their goods, they will only say that thq utmost care was taken in the selec tion of their stwck, and they do not believe that articles equal to these in durability and. excel lence, have ever been offered for sole in Robeson county. Thev are determined to sell at the lowest possible prices which will enable them to make that comfortable living that ought to be the reward of every honest man's industry, and they solicit the public to bestow upon them their fair share of patronage. If constant application to business, energy in its pursuit, and an anxious desire to please, will insure success, they feel certain that no man who once calls upon them will leave the store dissatisfied. Their motto is ' Excelsior,' and pressing forward in the spiritofthis watchword, they hope alike to advance themselves, and to bring increased comfort and prosperity to the neighborhood in which thev live. Lumberton, Oct. 10, 1850. GIG-tf NORTH CAROLINIAN. Wm. II. Bayne, Kill tor and Proprietor. FAYETTEVILLE. X. C. DECEMBER 21, 1850. 53- It appears by the report of the Chairman of the Literary Board, that the Messrs Cosby, builders at Raleigh, have failed to comply with their contract in the erection of the Asylum for the deaf and dumb and blind. $1,500 have been withheld from them, but the deficiencies in their work will likely be much more, by which means the State must either sue or be wronged. FEMALE EQUESTRIAN. Another female wonder from across the water is eliciting the admiration of the northern peo ple. Mr Welsh, the great circus proprietor, has brought over Madame Caroline, a French lady, said to be the greatest female rider in the world. She made her first appearance at Welsh's Circus Company, Philadelphia, on 25th ult., and is reputed to be completely mistress of a horse. CCJ- The report of the Adjutant General of the United States, shows that 19,599 persons offered themselves during the current year to the re cruiting officers of the army, for enlistment. Only 2'.SS4 were received ; the balance being either minors or disabled, or unsound. W. AIcINTYRE has received and offers for sale, 12bblsMESS PORK, do. PRIME Also, 4 Corn Shelters. Dec 14, 1S50. GlG-3t DR. B. A. KENNEDY Regs to say to his friends and the public of Fay etteville and vicinity, that he regrets being un able (from pressing business engagements here) to visit Fayetteville professionally the past fall; but he will make arrangements to do so in May next, when he will be glad to wait upon those wishing dental operations performed. Wilmington, Dec 9. 1S50. 61G-3t NOTICE. All persons indebted to the subscriber, by note or account, are requested to come forward and settle, or they may expect to pay interest on their accounts. W. M. MONROE. Owensville, Dec 10, 1S50. GlG-4t Window Glass Putty, Paints and pure Linseed Oil, for sale bv Dec 14 3t B. ROSE &. SON. NOTICE. Pursuant to an order made at December Term of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of Cumberland county, the undersigned will expose to public sale, at the Market House in Fayette ville, on Wednesday the Sth day of January next, a likely Negro Boy, belonging to the Estate of Duncan Ray, dee'd. Terms of sale : Six months credit, for an ap proved Note negotiable at Bank. william McMillan, Dec. 14, 1850 61G-4t Commissioner. FRUIT TREES. 2000 Trees of the very best varieties of ap ple, peach, cherry, apricot, and nectarine, from the nurseries of J. &. T. Lindlev. for sale by C. LUTTERLOH, Age'nt. Also, pear trees of bearing age; English wal nuts ; a choice assortment of green house and hardv plants; shrubs, roses, bulbs, strawberries, &.C. December 14, 1S50 616-3t Carriage Springs and Axles, A new supply, and a general assortment, for sale by B. ROSE & SON. Dec 14, 1S50. 616-3t FOR SALE, Will be sold at the Market House, on the 1st of January next, 203 acres Land, three miles from town, on the Murchison road. Also, the house and lot on North street, at present occupied bv Thos. B. Wooten. A. M- CAMPBELL, Auct'r. Dec 14, 1S50. 616-tf The Board of Superintendents of Common Schools for Cumberland county, are required to meet at the Court House in Fayette ville, on Thursday the 2d day of J-nuary, 1851, at 11 o'clock, for the purpose of transacting pub lic business. E. L. WINSLOW. Pec 14, 1850. 2t Chairman. GOV. MANLY THE SCHOL FUND. Several of the Eastern Whig papers have had their eyes opened by the late Message of Gov. Manly. Hie hdenton Bulletin says: " Under the head of Common Schools our readers will find the question of the distribution of the b uud discussed, to which we refer them for t'.ie Governor's views They will find that the distrust felt in the East pending the last election as to his views on that subject proves well founded He recommends the distribution to be made in proportion to the number of white people, and not as heretofore in proportion to Federal population a measure, w hich adopted by the Legislature, would result in great injury to the East.,' The VVeldon Herald says : 44 We have made no comments oa the Message of his Excellency Gov. Manly, but we must take occasion to enter our solemn protest against that portion of this document which recommends the distribution of the school fund according to the white and not the federal population, as at pre sent. We defended him against the charge of being in favour of any such doctrine last sum mer, and used our every exertion to convince the public that the charge was false and that Gov. Manly waa right and sound on this sub ject. It becomes now our unpleasant duty to ask the Governor's pardon lor all that we said in his favor on this subject having totally mis represented him and to state that, had we be lieved at the time, that he would recommend any such thing to the present Legislature, ice would not have supported him." The Old North State Whig says : The position which Gov. Manly has taken in his Annual Message to the Legislature upon the distribution of the school fund, entirely recon ciles us to his defeat. Had he expressed him self in favor of a change of the basis from the federal to the white population before the elec tion, we should, for one, most unceremoniously have repudiated him. We do so now, as well as the doctrine which he advocates." It appears, then, from Whig sources, that Eastern Whigs were grossly and de deliberately deceived, in the late cam paign, as to Gov. Manly's views on tlii question But we can tell these Edi tors that Gov. Manly went much further than this: He advocated the abolition of the federal basis of representation in the Legislature a measure which, if carried out at this time, would not only give en couragement to our assailants in the Free States, but would completely overshadow Eastern influences in the public councils. And we can tell these Editors furthermore, and all others whom it may concern, that the VN hig papers ol this City with Gov. Manly, ami certain Whig leaders in the present Legislature, whose white-basis Speeches and Reports are published and praised in these papers, are committed at this moment to a Convention, the ob ject ot which is to unsettle the present basis ot representation, and to establish it, not according to population and taxation, but with reference to white population! There is a game going on here sxparty game, with the view of breaking down Western Democrats und of building up the fortunes of certain Whig leaders, by white basis overtures to the West ; and if the Editors from whom we have quoted, and the people generally, will watch the Leg islative proceedings and the Whig prints of this City with a little more attention, they will see tliis game as clearly as we do. .V. C. Standard. 'Glorious little Vermontl'' exclaims a whig print ot the abolition stripe, in heral ding forth the resolutions of the Green MouBtain legislature on the subject of sla very and the compromise. The small part of the epithet is certainly applicable to a state which, through its legislature, goes for hulding fast to all the North gets by the compromise, but for repudiating all that the South secures by it! "Little Vermont" will do. ''Monstrous small' would have been better suited to such stu pendous littleness. Albany Argus. That must be a verj foolish, rash wo man who will put tubs out of doors to ctch soft water when it is raining hard. N. C. LEGISLATURE. December 12. In the Senate, the bill to incorporate the Fayetteville &Charloit Plank Uuad Com pany the bill to incorporate Cool Spring Tent I. O. R., Fayetteville; the bill to in corporate the Fayetteville nnd Warsaw Plank Road, &c, were reported to the Sen ate, and their passage recommended. Also the bill to amend the act incorporating An tioch Academy. The bill to incorporate the Fayetteville and Centre Plank Road was read second time. A number of other private bills of less importance were reported or read a second time. In the Commons, the resolutions of Mr Brogden, the object of which were to kill the Central Railroad Company, were again under discussion. Mr Saunders of Wake, Messrs Cherry, Winston, Sec, opposed the resolutions, and Messrs Brogden, Sherard, Wilson. Bond, &c. , advocated thein. At the close of the debate, the question on the indefinite postponement of the re solutions stood as follows: ayes 80, noes 36. The members from Sampson. Wayne, Chatham, Moore, Robeson, &c, voting against postponement. December 15. In the Senate, Mr Yroodfin introduced a bill to improve county prisons and estab lish houses of correction. The resolutions from the House, recom mending certain alterations of the House of Commons, were rejected. A number of private incorporation bills were introduced. A bill to incorporate a Bank in the town of Washington. In the Commons, a number of bills to incorporate plank road companies were read first or second time. The bill to amend the Constitution of North Carolina was taken up for a second reading. Mr Ray ner ottered his bill ('with a long tail to it, providing for calling a convention) in lieu of it. Mr Foster offer ed another bill as an amendment, calling for a convention with general authority to amend. Before any question was taken, it was agreed to postpone their considera tion. A resolution was adopted appointing a a select committee to 'take into considera tion the whole subject of the Raleigh and Gaston Railroad, and proposing that the State tlispose of the road, or else with the old stockholders, form a new company and repair the road. December 14. In the Senate, a message was sent to the House of Commons, saying that the Senate had passed the engrossed bill to incorporate the Greenville and Asheville Plank Road Company. Mr Shepard presented the memorial of the society of Friends, praying that the sale of Spiritous Liquors, at or near Newby's i Bridge Academy, in the county of Perqui mans, be prohibited. Referred to the Committee on education and the Literary Fund. Mr Bunting introduced a resolution di recting the Judiciary Committee, to enquire into the expediency of amending the law respecting the payment of debts due from insolvent estates, &c. The bill to incorparate the Bank of Washington was read second time and passed by a vote of 27 ayes to 17 ores. During its consideration, a debate inci dentally sprung up, in which Messrs Drake, Gilmer, Courts, Cameron, Joyner, Haughton, Ebon, Shepard, Bower and Washington participated. The resolution in relation to the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road, introduced by Mr Joyner was read and adopted and re ferred to a select Committee with instruc tions to report a bill in conformity with said resolution. Committee consist of Messrs Joyner, Speight, Jones, Canada and Bynum. On motion of Mr Bynum, the vote of yesterday by which the resolutions propo sing certain alterations and improvements in the Hall of the House of Commons was rejected, was reconsidered, and Mr Eborn moved to reconsider the vote by which the amendment was rejected, which was agreed to. When, on motion of Mr Washington the resolutions and amendments were or dered to lie on the table. In the Commons, the Speaker announced the Select Committee on the subject of the Raleigh and Gaston Rail Road, as follows: Messrs R. M. Saunders, Amis, Martin, Montgomery and Cherry. Mr Gordon, a memorial praying that a new county may be erected, by the name of Williams out of a portion of the counties of Iredell, Wilkes, and Surry, which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. Mr Eaton presented a Bill to incorporate the Roanoke Valley Rail Road Company, to run a road from a point on the Raleigh "Road at or near Ridgeway to Clarksville, in Va. Passed its first reading, aad was referred to the Committee on Internal Im provements. Mr Barnes moved that the rulesbe sus pended and that the House take up the Bill to authorize the Seaboard and Roanoke Co. to issue bonds which was agreed to. Mr Rayner offered an amendment authoriz ing the Treasurer of the State to give said company the mortgage, held by the State, on a Bridge on said Road, and take, in payment for the same, the Bonds pf said Company at 6 per cent : The amendment was adopted, and the bill passed its third reading. On motion of Mr Avery, this bill was re-considered, and further . amended by providing that said bonds be made payable in instalments at two and four years, and the interest semi annually, and the Bill again passed its third reading. The Bill to incorporate the Fayetteville and Southern Plank Road Company was, on motion af Mr Saunders, pot on 'its se cond reading. The order of the day being the bill to ap point a General Superintendent of Com mon Schools, Mr Wiley, of Guilford, proceeded to address the House at oine length in ex planation of the objects and provisions of the bill. He presented an array of facts and arguments, in support of his views, which were well calculated to convince the most sceptical of their coi redness. He did not blame the Legislature for giving these subjects a strict investigation, but it would be well to consider the cost of op. position. The salary of the Superinten dent can be paid without one cent of the tax ; and in this way! The Chairmen of the Board of Superintendents, under the present law, receive too much for their compensation. The pay of these at pre sent is 21 per cent. Reduce this par to 1$ per cent, in all of the counties except five, and this saving will pay the General Superintendent, now ; and in a short time will more than pay him. Forty counties had made no returns, though the law re quires annual returns to be made. The bill under consideration directs suits to be instituted against these persons, and pro vides for securing returns in future. It had been objected, that the Superinten dent could not visit all the counties iu the State. This would not be necessary. He might not have to visit more than one third. Mr W. said that it would be a reriroach to the State to abandon the system, and he presented some striking facts in reference to the progress of education in North Car olina. He concluded with a strong appeal to the House to sustain this system, as the means of making , superior farmers, miners and mechanics in the State. Mr Walton moved to amend by insert ing a clau-e providing that the salary of the Superiutendant should be had only on & certificate of service rendered ; which was adopted. MrRutlin remarked that the service rendered by the Chairmen of the Boards of Superintendents in the Counties, at pre sent, might be performed in ten hours j and he was for paying them just enough, to compensate for the responsibilities they assume. The l percent, he thought was sufficient. He w ould suggest to his friend from Guilford, to amend his bill so as to repeal the act now in force authorizing County Courts to appoint a Superintendent for each County. Mr R. M Saunders thanked the gen tleman from Guilford for the very able and satisfactory speech he had made on this subject. He had satisfied him fully. He expressed it as his opinion, based on the authority of Judges Story and Kent, that those persons who had kept the school fund in their possession could be made to disgorge it They had no right to use it lor an y other purpose than that for which it was intended. Mr Erwin, of Buncombe, moved to amend by i nsei ting a clause repealing the act for distributing the school fund, ac cording to the federal basis, and proposing to distribute it according to the number the ages of five and of children between eighteen years. Mr Barnes hoped that Mr E. would withdraw his amendment- Mr Saunders objected to it as irrelevant. Mr Erwiti objected to withdrawing it, and said that if it was adopted he would vote for the Bill. Mr Flemrning said he was in favor of the principles contained in the amendment offered by Mr E. and would vote for it as a distinct proposition ; but he did not wish to embarrass this bill. After a few temaiks from Mr Cherry, Mr Avery moved to lay the bill on the ta ble, promising to call it up again, whenever the gentleman from Guildford desired it J which motion was lost. Col. J. H. Wheeler passed through our town on Monday last. By his politeness we enjoyed the treat of a peep into his Sketches of North Carolina," yet in the . i -.. .vi a ii u sen pi; anu we nesitate not to say that this work will turn out to be one of the most valuable books to the citixens of the State, ever yet published. The plan is admirable, ana the scope or design, takes in every interest that could excite an enquiry. It will resemble, in charac ter, the American Almanac, ( which is admitted to be the most valuable book of reference in the Country, ) with the excep tion that it is confined to North Carolina, whose history it takes up from the begin ning. We learned from the author that he in tends to have it printed in this State pro bably at Raleigh; thus making it, out and out. a North Carolina book. Salisbury IVatchman. A talkative member of Congress was re proaching one of his colleague for not hav ing opened his mouth during the whole session. " You are mistaken, " he replied, ' lor I yawned through all Tour speeches."