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CHARACTER IS AS IJU'OKTAXT TO STATES AS IT IS TO INDIVIDUALS J AXPVjH!& GLORY OF THE ST1TE IS TH v : - E "COMMON PROPERTY OF 1TS .CXTIZENS. 5v EAYETTEYILLE, N. COYEMBEIt .8, 1851 i EDITOH AXD PltOPItlKTOR. vox. is-Ef o. ess. TER2YI3 OP xnr. ruitrii UAltULlJNlAiN. Per annum, if paid in advance, $2 00 J' at the end of 3 months 2 50 Do. if paid at the end of G months 3 00 Lo. if paid at the end of the year, 3 50 No subscription received for less than twelve months, unless paid for in advance. genera on business connected withS tishmeut, must be nddressed R. K. Editor of the North Carolinian and i.n s estnb YAN, cased pusi-pind. Rates av advkrtisixg: Sixty cents per square for the firsthand thirty cents for subsequent insertions, unless the ad vertisement is ixiMithl iriii f thin f ivn lonnf h i -SSvfSLAt will Luc thar-'pd . (- . ' J "J-- y-Tht threi months. - S4 00 0 00 - 10 00 f f- i-' - r r six mourns, -For 12 months, - - CO- All advertisements must be handed in by 10 o'clock Friday morning, and should have the numberof insertions intended marked upon them. otherwise they wfll be inserted till forbid and charged accordingly. FOR SALE AT THE C A It O LIN I A N O K F I C K, ait 7 5 cent per quire. For any quantity over 5 quires, 00 cts per quire. J 0HN D. WlLLIAJpT Commission and forwarding MEUCII ANT Fayetteville, X. C. Feb, 23, 150. JOSKL'U It. BLOSSOM, GENE R A L C 0 M M I S S I 0 N AM) Forwarding Merchant, AVI LMINGTON, N. C Prompt personal :tteuiion given to consign ments, and c.ish advances nude on shipments ti me or my friends in New York. Feb'y 1 1 ly TOBACCO. The subscriber has a jjoml stock of Tobacco on hand, and will receive regul-irly, from Messrs J. Jones & Cu f.ictory, qualities assorted, from cunio'iii to very line, which will be sold at the lowest manufacturing prices. J. UTLEY. Fayetteville, April 5, 1 5 1 . tf Line of 4 horse Post Coaches from Fay ettevillc to Warsaw Daily. The Subscribers having secured the mail con tract on the .ibove Line, will couime -.ce this d-iy, rutin fug 'a hilie of Kmr Worse Post Coaches, dai ly. Leaving F.-.yctteviile at p:tt '. P. M.,:inl arriving at Warsaw at J past 7 A. AL, in time fur the Cars North and South Returning, leave Warsaw on the arrival of the Cars, say about 1 o.-2 P. M.. and arrive at F. yet teviile in ten h urs. Every rare will be taken to reader the I i le pleasant, convenient, and s..fe, fr Trave-l-i ers. A Line of St aires will ha established as soon as possible, by tlie Plunk lload, from Fnyettevillc via Carthage and A!io!)uriiu;!i. to Lexington, Salem, and Salisburv. mcKinnon fc McNeill. Fiyetleville, N. C, An;. 7, Is51. D. M. McDonald Solicits the attention of buyers to his varied assortment of CjiEN'A, (Ji.ASS, & CSOtliCSJV WAUE, .SmiT.i1- arid Coll'ce, Hats a ixl C;if", Roap and H.iggirig, French P.ra ndy and Holland Chi, J'iit and Madeira Wine, Segns of the best polity, A few fine Clocks, Dry (Joods. Candles, &.C Aul every article usually kept for the nrcom tnodation'of purchasers, all of which I w ill sell low for cash, or exchange for country produce. Hay street. Sept 13. 2m lLirt'ly new aiul larj;c Slock of II V GOODS A H.UIMVAUE. The undersigned are now prepared to offer to Merchants of the interior and others one of the largest stocks of DRY GOODS AND HARD WAKE, ever before offered in this market. Their Goods have been bought this fall by the pack-iire at the regular trade sales anil of (Jnmmi'ssions' Houses in New York, and they are repared to offer them tiiiusiially low and upon favorable terms, and feel confident that an ex amination of their stock will induce purchasers to make their selections of us. The undersigned w ill spare no efforts to give entire satisfaction to thoise who favor them with t beir custom. OCR STOCK OF Boots & Shoes, Hats, Caps and Straw Goods lar 'e and worthy the attention of the trade. Our stock consists in part of is 400 to ."00 pieces of Woolen Goods. 500 to 1000 Trints. 5000 pr. Boots and Shoe: with aU the variety necessary to make our as sortment complete. Merchants visiting this market will please give us a call and examine our Goods bofore makin? their purchases We also have on hand a full assortment of the best Anchor Hrand Bolting Clotlis that have been proved to be good by use of oyer 20 years of the same make of cloths. Particular attention paid to oroers. HALL &. SAC RETT. Favetteville, October 4, 1S-I. ly 30 liluls. new crop MOL.ASSISS For sale bv June JS. PETER P. JOHNSON. J: P UD for YOUNG NEGROES. Applv to J. & T. WADDIT.L. Sept. 27, 1S51. C.r7-tf jprincipe fc Havana Cigars. 20,000 Principe and Havana Cigars, superior flavor, in quarter boxes for pale by " COOK o JOHNSON. Oct. 25, 1S5I. C01-3t LAW NOTICE. ARCHIBALD A. T. SMITII Has taken an Office on Anderson street, nearly opposite the Fayetteville Hotel. He will attend to the collection of claims and law business gen erally, and specially to the taking of accounts of executors, administrators, guardians and part ners, either in suit or otherwise. Jan'y 11, 1S51 y Kncouragre IVortli Carolina. The undersigned is manufacturing, in Fay- errevme, Boot Ss Shoe Polish, far superior lo ihe Blackijvg' purchased ;Ln the oiineratu ju? i nri ininiin n ii it'" ' -cf."Tf:i n orTi c I ti r i u i? and vending this very uaperior polish, and e-alfs upon all who think it to the interest of the Southern people, to become independent of Northern manufactures, to give him their aid and patronage. He is prepared to show, by absolute trial, to anj' one who will call upon him,' the vast super iuritif of his over all other polishes or blacking now sold in North Carolina. Call and have your boots and shoes once completely blacked and polished, ar.d be satisfied. This article is ofiered at a price not higher than is usually charged for other and inferior qualities, and a tri;d is all that is asked to secure the pationage of the public generall'. The undersigned expects to visit every por tion of the State to introduce his polish, and asks now in advance that Merchants and others visit ing Fayetteville will give him a call. This Tolish can be used by ladies without soiling the dregs A. J. WOODWARD. June 21,1851. G13-6ra " " "5 -' ' The copartnership heretofore existing under the name of J A Rowland &. Co., is this day dis solved bv mutual consent. JOHN A. ROWLAND, GILBERT W. McKAY, JOHN C. MOORE. The undersigned will continue the business of the late firm, at their former Stand in Lumberton, under the style of Rowland St. Mr IC - , where good of every description can be biiuht on the most reasonable terms JOHN A. ROWLAND. GILBERT W. McKAY. Lumberton, July 1.1S51. Gfo-tf PKTlTli P. JOHNSON Has just received, and oilers fors.de, CHEAP, 75 bags superior Rio Coftee, 25 barrels cotlee Sugar, 50 Mackerel, No., 1, 2 and 3, Loaf and granulated Sugar. Also, a large assortment of. Iron and Nails, Shovels, Spades, Trace Chains, Shovels &. Tongs, Blacksmiths' Bellows, Anvils, Vices, Hammers, Planes, Augers and Chissels, Files, Collins' Axes, &c. August 1G, 1S51 AT J. M. BEASLEY Would respectfully in- foi m the public general!' that he h:is recently re turned from New York with decidedly a very large lot of WATCHES AND JEWELRY. M were t hf i . my bou of the Watcher ht by the pack be sob! verv l;-.v. age for Cash, and can He h::s watches of all kinds; chains, keys and ae;ils (d all the latest styles; linger rings, ear rin; madulians of all sizes, both English nnd Airiericaii make; iaiiies chatelains; collar and sleeve buttons; sJiiit stuils; gold spectacles, light and heavy; any quantity of gold pens and pencils; gold and .-liver thimbles; bracelets; silver fruit and butter knives; silver spoons of all the vari ous kinds and sizes ; large lot of pocket cutlery ; scissors of all sizes; button-hole scissors; survey ors' compasses and chains; mathematical instru ment; any kind and quality of pit.Is that may be wanting; large lot of fine and common single and double-barrel Guns ; game bags, shot belts ami powder flasks; MILITARY GOOHS, including all between the small button and bass ilium ; violins and extra bows; fluffs; clarionets; fljgflets, accordeons of all kinds, music boxes, perfumery aia;, tooth and hair brushes, dressing and pocket combs, plated and Britannia ware, ansl various other things too tedious to enume rate. Call and give me a trial. Cf- Watches and Jewelry neatly repaired. Cash paid for old gold and silver. J. M. BEASLEY, North-east corner Market Square. Fayetteville, Aug. 0, 1S51 ly JVEW FIRM jXJJ Mew JLivery Stables. The undersigned having formed a copartner ship to carry on the LIVERY STABLE BUSI NESS, respectfully inform the citizens of Fay etteville and the Public generally, that they can be accommodated on reasonable terms with Horses, Buggies and other Vehicles, at such times .-is they may wish to hire, by applying to the subscribers, as they nre w ell prepared to carry on the Business, having refitted and re newed the Establishment, with the addition of some fine Horses and new Vehicles, and are sat isfied that they can give satisfaction to all who may wish to hire. And therefore call on them to give us a trial. J. W. POWERS. ROBERT REG ESTER. Sept. 20, 1S51 y 38 Carriages and Billies Now finished on hand IS of which are Buggies. All at low prices, according to finish. A. A. McKETHAN. Sept 20, 1S51. W A iN T B D , A first rate BOOT-MAKER. Also, a good SHOEMAKER, to whom good wages and steady employment will be given. NATF1AN SIKES. Fayetteville, Oct. 4, 1S"1. G5S-tf TALLOW! TJ1JLLOWU Cash paid for Tallow at. Oct 11, 1S31 A. M. CAMPBELL'S. AREY, SH EM WELL & CO. Have- 1 piece of extra fine 7-4 black FRENCH CLOTH, to which they would call the attention of the public. Oct IS, IS.jI OV.O-tf Fall and Winter GOODS. j WE are now receiving our Fall and Winter Stock, consisting of a very general selection of Hardware and Cutlery. Saddlery, Lea-1 ther, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes,! Iron, Steel and Nails, and Staple Dry,' Goods, I With a large Stock of Groceries, Baggiiigr, Rope, &c. Persons visiting this market to ; purchase at Wholesale or lletailj'. would dc well to give us. MU-J mi " 1 1 1 """" 1 - - Wlav street Sept. 27, lS5sr " ' G37f NEW GOODS And New Store. The subscriber has just received and offers for sale a well selected stock of GltOC CItII3S. Also a fine assortment of DRY GOODS, which he will sell on very favorable terms. QCy- Country Produce taken in exchange for goods. Having purchased his goods low for cash, he flatters himself that he can suit any who favor him with a Coll, both in qualitv and price. DANIEL CLARK, Nearlv opposite T. S. Luttej loh's sUre. Sept 27, 1S51. 3m STEAM MILLS. The undersigned is authorized to receive or ders for Paje's celebrated improved Patent circu lar Saw Mills &. Steam Engines, manufactur ed in Baltimore, which have been pronounced by competent judges superior to all other Mills. The builders assert that a mill of this kind with 10 horse engine, will saw more plank than any two up and down saws ever operated with, and do it better. Call on the subscriber, at the F. & W. Plank Road Oliice, who will give any information re quired. J NO. M ROSE Fayetteville, Oct. 4, 1S51. G5S-tf I. 13. BBYAN OFFERS FOR. SALE GKEKAL ASSOUT3IE5TT OP DRY GOODS, G R O C Ell I BS, Hardware and Cutlery, flats and Caps, Boots and Shoes, Iron, Steel, Nails, &c, on the most rea sonable terms for Cash, or in exchange for pro duce, at his store next door to Market Square, Hardie's building. 3000 Lbs. BACON, sides, now in store. October 1, 1S51 ly EDWIN GLOVER Has returned from N. York with a large stock of Hf. WATCHES, CLOCKS, 1 1 - j:XA 'Jewelry, Plated Ware, aisei. Mil Ua rv Goods, which he will sell at lie solicits n call from anv article in his line. a small advance on cost, all wanting to purchase for he is confident he can su them both in price ana quality Ilau street, Fa icifcviffe, .V Julv 19, 151 L'm r I1 E A ! TEA ! TEA 11 Hyson Tea. Tinperi.J Tea, Young Hyson Tea, Oolong i en, quality good, better, and ch choice, a large supply and good assortment all selected nv a jiujge, aiiti recommencieu ixs Iresn line flavored. For sale by Oct 11 S. J. HINSDALE, CALL ANI LOOK. The undersigned have just opened anew store nearly opposite the Cape Fear Bank, where tley have a large assortment of Hea.dymacie Cloiiiing NEW AND IN GOOD ORDER, And can fit and suit all that will favor them with a call If a customer cant be suited with ready-made Clothing, they are prepared to cut and make the best of fits and of the latest fashions. They pledge themselves to give satisfaction to all who may patronize them. E. BETZEL& BROTHER. Oct IS, 1S51. Sm Y ETTEVILLE JACKSON JOH N S O N Continues the management of the Alley. Oct, IS, 1S51. GGO-tf JUST REGEIEB AND RECEIVING, My usual stock of DRY GOODS and GKOCERIES. Also, CASTINGS, consisting of pots, ovens, spiders, kettles, skillets, pot-covers, and wagon and cart Boxes of various sizes. Sperm and tal low Candles; Knives and Forks; pocket Knives; Spades, Shovels and manure Forks; carpenters', coopers' and blacksmiths' Tools; and in facta general assortment of HARDWARE & CUT LERY. A good assortment of sole Leather, calf and goat Skins, Lining and Binding. A good stock f BOOTS and SHOES, consist ing of men's fine and coarse Boots and Shoes, boys' and youths' do. do.; Ladies' and Misses' Shoes, fine and coarse; window Glass. 8x 10, 10 x 12, 10 x 14, and 12 x 20; Looking Glasses of all sizes; Crockery and Glass Ware; wrought Nails, assorted sizes; also, cut Nails from 3 to 40; all of which will be sold low for cash, or bartered for country produce. SAMPSON BOON. Oct 11, 1S51. G59-6t Extra fine Oolong Souchong, onechest that is choice and superior. There is none better. For for sale by S. J. HINSDALE. October 11, 1S51 FAYETTEVILLG WATER WORKS. THE Subscriber ofiers for sale his interest, being one fourth of the stock in the above com pany. W. WHITEHEAD. Oct. 11. 1S31. 6-39--2m MORE HATS ril"OW len!nf? my Fall and Winter stock ofrAl s &. CAPS, consisting in part of super e -ifnr? so,per moleskin and silk, from $-1 to ,.A" 'Polities of plain Fur, Mexican, Uaroraia, and Rough-and-Read v, of nil colors. P Uf and Wool from 50 cts to $3- Silk and cot ton; velvet Turbans for children Also, fine me8 and boys' doth, glazed, silk and fur caps. . Jresectfully invite those in want ofanything ininy line t6 give me a call, as I um determined M&wLat Jfhoiesale or retail on tfi most t'.vor- teorth-eat corner Market Square, Green st. "Tt Tn H',:"rvsf"2fr Tor bat Wool a ml all kinds of fur Skins. Oct is, 1551 tf K O C K'l S L A XD CASSI31EUE WE hate on hand a fine Stock of splendid Cassimer, manufactured at Rock Island, Meck lenburg County, N. C. Persons wishing to buy at wholesale or retail, will please call and ex amine tlnse goods. Thev are worth looking at. COOK &. TAYLOR. Oct. li 1S51. GGO-lw t Eucoragc the Old North Stale. AREY, SHEM WELL & CO., Have jist received a splendid assortment of I SALEM CASSIM ERE, black an! grey, to which they would call the attentiot of the public. These goods will com pete inqudity and durability with the best of Northern Cassi meres, and are much cheaper, rangingfrom G2J cents to $1 25 per yard. Octoter 18, 1S51. GGO-tf GREAT EXCITEMENT The g-eatest bargains yet and no mistake. (itEADY-MADE CLOTHING AND GENTLEMEN S' FURNISHING GOODS, At idfiolesale and retail on reasonable terms. I beg k-ave to inform the citizen of Fayetteville and vicinity that I have jutt returned from the northern cities wilh i larjje and elegant assortment of KEADV M A O K f LOTHING. comprising Cloaks; over-oats; drees frock aii business Coats; 1'ants and Vests in the greatest variety. style and fashion, and in durability and price not t.. be belt by any in the market. Constantly on hand a ery extensive assortment of ready-made Shirts. Drawers. Uuder-Siirts. Cravats, pocket Handkerchiefs, gloves, sus penders.3 ply standing collars, boots, shoes, bats. caps, carpet bags, trunks, v alleges, umbrellas, and FANCY CfOO US in great abundance. A tine and choice assort ment of, joys', youths' and servants Clothes. Call asd see me before purchasing elsewhere, for there is no chirge for looking. i GEORGE BRANDT. South side Kay street, one door below A. W. Steele. SEGAR.S 100.000 Segars of U kinds andVrandsnow ready for inspection, from 5 to 50 dollars per thousand, at wholesale and retail on the most accommodating terms. OEOIIUK BRANDT. r ayerwivuie, oci. in, isai sm ARE now receiving a large and general assort ment of Staple and Finey DRY GOODS, Hardware and Cutlery, Boots and Shoes. ALSO 75 bags Rio, Laguira and Java Coffee, 10 hhds. Sugar, 75 pieces Cotton Bagging, 50 coils Bale Rope, 100 kegs Nails, assorted, S tons Swedes and English Iron, 500 sacks Liverpool Salt, With loaf, crushed, powdered nnd granulated Sugars; Green Tea; Pepper; Spice; Ginger; Powder ; Shot; Bar Lead ; Table Salt; bar and fancy Soaps, with a great variety of other ar ticles, to which we invite the attention of pur chasers at wholesale or retail, as low as any other house in the place. D. & W. McLAURIN. October 11, 1&5I. FALL, 1851. JAMES KYLE Is now receiving a very large and general as- sortrnent ot DRY GOODS, Purchased by the package for CASH. Those wishing to purchase goods at reduced prices will please call and examine, rs bargains may be ex pected. BOLTING CLOTHS, Anchor brand, from No. 1 to 10. uncommonly cheap. 95 packages ROOTS and SHOES, cheaper than ever were tor sale in this market. October 11, lb51 IilKUIAL TKA. Just received to-day a chest of Imperial Tea, that is as good, if not a little b'etter than w as ever offered at this market Oct 11. S. J. HINSDALE. MILL, STORES, Jlnclwr Bolting Cloth; Mill Irons French YSurr, Atsopus and Cologne Mill Scones, " at Manufacturers'1 prices. THE subscribers having made very favorable arrangements for obtaining from one of the most extensive importing and manufacturing houses in this country, French Rurr, Cologne and Esopus Mill Stones, and the real Anchor Bolting Cloth, are now enabled to ofler any of these ar ticles to Millers, of the best quality, and at lower prices than they nave been heretofore furnished at in this place. A supply of best Anchor Rolling Cloth con stantly kept on hand. The quality of every article is warranted. JNO. H. &. J. MARTINE. Oct. 11, 1S51. 65J-2m A pair of 4 ft. 2 inch Cologne Mill Stones on hand ; and daily expected, pair of y feet (5 inch Esopus Mill Stones, and would invite ar. ex amination of them, as they will be found super ior for Corn. Rags wanted. 30,000 lbs. RAGS wanted by Oct. 25. II. BRANSON &. SON. i. -L i I TOBACCO. Trime North Carolina and Virginia chewing Tobacco by the box and retail. J. &. T. WADDILL. Oct. 25, 1S51. GGl-tf. - HYSON TEA. A chest of very superior quality, fresh and fine flavor, just received and for sale by Oct 11. S. J- HINSDALE. NORTH CAROLINIAN. RoTicrt XC Bryant Editor ana Proprietor. FA YETTBV1 LLE.C. BJOVEIttBER 8, 1051. THE LATE' ELECTION IN SCAROLINa! We present below a tabular statement from the Charleston Mercury ,'oC theretiU of the recent election in '"'r,rrf J'r f'lfai &&derc jjerceived that a great majority of the people of that State is opposed to separate State i.etion. We have heretofore expresssed our gratification at this result. We may now consider it settled that South Carolina will not go out of the Union for any of the griei e jces already sustainhrd. Let the Fugitive Slave l.iw be rigidly enforced in its true spirit let the spirit of aggression at the North be stayed, and South Carolina, with the whole South, will long continue to uphold the Union of the States : ELECTIONS TO SOUTHERN CONGRESS. COMPLETE. FIRST DISTRICT. Secasion. Co-operation. Pawkius. Rnint-y. Wallace. 1170 t8S 709 429 Vernon. 1186 W8S 672 410 Spartanburg Union York Chester 1448 2SS 14'2i) 92'J 4085 14-Jtf JH8 1382 tl-23 4003 3392 3341 SECOND DISTRICT. Young. Simpson. Orr. 152 152 1411 436 43t 1303 234 237 1498 DDI V6a 7J3 Irby. 1411 :soti 1500 &10 49V7 Pickens Anderson Greenville Laurens 1S16 1772 5010 THIRD DISTRICT. Barnes. Owens. Preston. Chcsnut. Lancaster 290 ' 267 627 Kershaw 244 218 1 Fairtittld 694 717 887 Richland 634 648 706 Sumter 661 604 1110 2523 2510 3431 FOURTH DISTRICT. Wilson. Dosier. Dudle Chesterfield 222 222 791 Marlborough 33V 331 612 Darlington 663 649 949 Marion 892 892 931 Horry 12 12 734 Georgetown 257 257 12 Williamsburg 314 SI 4 302 269S 2677 4371 FIFTH DISTRICT. 636 639 3J4 CSS 1110 34ti7 791 512 955 B31 734 152 802 4377 Tickcns. 825 633 938 179 Nance. Wardlaw. Summer. Abbeville New berry F.djjelield Lexington 809 63S 93S 177 1010 COS 939 812 94-t 612 t9 M2 3300 SIXTH DISTRICT. Ashe. 1018 9 S3 S3 35 111 60 30 Talmer. 1015 39 59 93 35 111 66 3 A ikon, 2454 243 3 10 15 67 85 Torter. 2454 243 3 10 15 P7 35 2S27 Charleston Ooose Creek St. James Santee St. Stephens St. Andrews 5t Johns Berkley Ciirint Church St. Thomas ' 1453 1454 2S27 SEVKNTU DISTRICT. fthett. Duncan. Patterson. Lawton. Orangeburg 937 37 156 Uarnwcll 850 859 924 Beaufort 867 80(i ' 194 Colleton COO 002 633 St. Job us Colleton 87 88 53 3347 3352 1910 100 4.0'J m-i 6S4 53 1SU9 RECAPITULATION. Secession Co-operation llr f,010 2.V2.3 o-H57 2r59S 4J77 2175 ;)3o9 1J54 2S-27 3352 1'JIO 17,710 25,015 First District Second ' Third Fouith Fifth Sixth " Seventh Co-operation majority 7,335 ST. PETERS PARISH. The following is the return of the recent elec tion in St Peters Parish: Rhett. Duncan. Patterson. Liwton. 300 300 SO SO The English and French Ministers at Washington have jointly received notice by the Kuropa that the lleets of tlieir respective Governments vvi'.l wntch the coast to intercept any expeditions that inav sail wilh a view of in vailing Cuba. Kx-PreMilent Tyler has written a letter to the Spanish Minister, Don CaMeiou tie la Barc;i, invoking his influence wilh the home government, for the release of the unfortunate prisoners of the Cuban expedi tion. The letter is ably written, and shows cogent reasons why the clemency of the crown should be estenled to those helpless young men. Judge Ellis. The Greensborough Pa triot, noticing the proceedings of the late Superior Court of Guilford, pays i the following high and no doubt deserved compliment to Judge Ellis : We deem this occasion a proper one to express the high estimate which we think our community is disposed to place upon Mr Ellis as a Judge. ilis devotion to hi duties, his promptness, and urbanity of demeanor, as well as his learning and ability, in the discharge of high office, com mand the popular respect. His appoint ment furnishes another, among the many eminent instances, in our country, where mere political and party predictions are wrapped in oblivion beneath the pure rube of crime. Newspaper compliments to judges or to preachers are generally in bad taste ; but in this instance our hum ble tribute to a comparatively young citi zen, w ho makes it the study ot his life to adorn a great and pure ofiice, and to ele vate the character and improve the condi tion of this State, cannot be considered out of place." THE TAU1FE QUESTION IN A NUTSHELL. uiii is caitcu protection, is putting uuiy on a loreign com moil ity,in order to enable the producer of a similar domestic commodity, to get a higher price for it than he could otherwise obtain. Nu' manufac- ' turcr would desire a protecting duty, it it " were not to produce thUefleet, and a thi r. U a self-evident proposition,- no proof is necessary for its support. A protecting iluty,,.lueti,. puts money.- at 'A lnj;hei mice than consuuici s u trcn have to pay lor" foreign gdds of the- same kind. Uut this i tic i eased price, whatever it may be, must be taken out of the pock el of the consumers, for it is nt possible that money can be put into the pockets iif' one class, without coming out of the poefc cts of another. Now, it is as plain as the nose on a man's face, that if the country is enriched by putting money into the pockets of the man ufacturers, it is impoverished to at least ait equal amount, by taking it out of the pock ets of the consumers, so that what is gain ed on one hand, is lost on the other. The two accoaots balance each other, and the country, that is the whole community, is not one farthing the gainer by the opera tion. To say that the country is enriched by the system of protection, is as absurd as to say that the joint concern of 1'eter and Paul is enriched because some rogue , has robbed Peter to pay Paul, or, as it would be lor a thirsty Arab on the desert of Zahara, to fancy that he had more water to drink, by pouring his scanty supply from one vessel in o another. From this view of the question, it would appear that the country as a whole, if it was not on the one hand enriched by the protective system, would not on the other, be impoverished by it. This would be tho case, if in point ol fact the gains and losses were equal. It would then be a mere robbing of Peter to pay Paul. Hut the truth is. that a protective system robs Peter of two dollars whilst it puts only one into the pockets of Paul. This posi tion, however must be proved, and if we can do it the question may be considered at rest. Let us take the case of a yard of broad cloth. To import a yard of English cloth we will suppose to cost, free of duty, S4. A similar yard of equal quality cannot, we ow'iU mji Buppuji, tn. iii.iiiciii niis cquiTrryT' so as to be sold at a fair profit, for less than S6. To enable the domestic manu facturer, then to enter into competition witli the English manufacturer, would re quire a duty of 82 peryaid, so as to bring up the foreign to lite price of the domestic article. Here we have two dollars taken from the pockets of a consumer, in the furtrrof an increased price. If he buys the foreign cloth, the amount goes in the public trea sury. If he buys the American cloth only a part of it goes into the pockets of the manufacturer, and nothing into the Trea sury. The whole cannot go mto the pock ets of the manufacturer, for, upon the case supposed, it was assumed that lu could riot make the cloth for gL If we suppose the actual cost of manufacture to be g5, and the profits of the domestic manufac turer S if wiH ue evident that Peter has been robbed of two dollars in order to pay Paul one. It is not contended that this is the exact proportion between the losses and gains, but it is contended that in no case where a protecting duty is necessary to sustain a branch of industry, does the whole increased price go ittfo the pockets of the manufacturer, and it follows of con sequence, that as the losses are greater than the gains, the community as a. whole, in every case are losers. but, it may be asked if two dollars nre taken from the pockets of Peter, and only one goes into the pockets of Paul, and nothing into the Treasury, what becomes of the oilier dollar? The answer is at hand. The one dollar i lost in the expenses of manufacture, liut do not operatives get it in the form of increased wages ? No, for they get no more wages than they could earn in other pursuits. It is sunk in pre cisely the same way as a dollar would be sunk if there were two processes of making an article, one which would require two days' labor, and the other one day's ; and if the maker should adopt the former in stead of the latter process, the difference would be an uncompensated loss to the public ; and this ditlerence, whatever it may be, is the measure of one uf the losses the country sustains by a protective duty. If the reader is satisfied with this reason ing, he will, perhaps, ask. is there another loss than the one described, consequent upon the imposition of a protective duty ? We answer ves, and one of great amount. It is the loss" rising from a diminished de mand for articles to be exported, owing to a diminished importation of the foreign commodity excluded by the protective duty. II we import less, we must wxport less. Cause and effect ire not more intimately united than imports and exports. In a serie"s of years the measure of one is the measMre of the other. We cannot sell if we Mill not buy; and if we refuse to take sugar, molasses and rum, from the West India planter, he must of necessity refuse to take our flour, beef, fish, and lumber, for he has no means of paying for them but with sugar, molasses and rum. Xorfulk Jirgua.