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Common School Circular.
" - iY-:'' To the Committees appointed to examine and w on the qualifications of those wUhihg to become teachers of Common choolsS ' f . . Gentlemen: The first clause of the 9th section of the Act providing" for the ap pointment of a. Superintendent of Common Schools, is in these words: :The Superintendent of Common Schools for the' State shall annually issue to the Examining' Committee of each County a circular letter of instructions and sugges- tions as -to the qualifications of teachers.1 t ' Hoping; that the new phamplet edition of the School La ft has by this time' reach ed all the Officers of the Common School svstetu in the' State. 1 now Droceed to is cording ttf the provisions of the 'above re ' cited clause: and' to enable myself to counsel with prudence, 1 have been en deavoring to become practically acquaint- 1 ,., . . r- eu wun me operations or our uommon SchcrCSt system in different parts of the State. ; . ' There has been considerable complaint of the want of competency and diligence in teachers: and there are- number of persons interested in the cause of educa tion, who have advocated severe restric tions on the r ran tins of licences to teach. and the establishment of a high standard of qualifications. On the other hand, some are of opinion that the choice of instructors should be left to the people of each neighborhood, aad no test required except that of local popularity. The opinions of each party run into an erroneous extreme; and our proper guides in this matter are the origi nal object of the law establishing a system of Common Schools, and the actual condi tion of popular intelligence in the State- The first great end proposed, was to learn all the children in North Carolina to read and write to manage their own business affairs, to read the history and constitution of the country and the word of God, and to keep themselves acquaint ed with the progress of events accom plishments very essential in all the free citizens of a free country. This object was predicated on the fact that very many of our people could not read, and on the supposition that such a condition of things retarded the progress of the State in judi cious improvements, tended to produce injurious social inequalities, and was the fruitful source of want and suffering. The object has not yet been accomplish ed; and until it is, and the standard of popular education thereby elevated, it would be unwise, and in fact impossible, to establish a very high standard of men tal acquirements in teachers of Common Schools. Still there slinuli! h am c.n - vv---VVHVW erv BBS 'W 0WUw dard, regulated with reference to the ac tual Wants of thf rminfrv: an I Ir y - r b w ve s u I I t ! - - ... ue auvanceu wim me increasing inteMi- renceoi ine community, anu.De kept only - - T A m . B m . Knv it as fn in rnndi inn kl rf-c.w'-ww-r asr tf - 9 ' . - no mi x.c w. . a m m rz u in pro tooting it. If we always keep these considerations in view, we cannot mistake our duties in the premises; and upon these views our present laws in regard to teachers are founded. In the first place, the; popular will is re presented in the District Committees se lected by the people: these Committees choose the teachers, while at the same time, they are limited in the objects of their choice. A County Committee of Examination is appointed to pass on the merits ot all teachers; and only those having the certi ficates of this committee are allowed to draw public monies. That this commit tee might act with a practical reference to the wants of-the country, I have prepared for it a form of certificate which has been approved by the President and Directors of the Literary Fund, and which is to be exclusively used. It allows a tolerably wide margin to the committee to discriminate as to the merits of teachers so as to suit ail classes; and from this method of granting licenses several good results are confidently ' anti cipated. In the first place it enables the qommittee, without doing apparent injus tice to superior merit, to grant certificates to those qualified only to teach new be sinners and small children: a class of teachers needed in every county at least there are neighborhoods in every county where no higher qualifications are required Secondly these certificates will not deceive the community, as the rank of the teacher is designated, and the certificate shows on its face whether the holder takes the lowest, the highest, or an intermediate position. Thirdly Merit is thus rewarded and stimulated to greater exertions by having proper discriminations in its favor: and holders of No. 1 certificates will be souzht alter wnere such teachers are needed. fourthly A healthful emulation will be created among teachers; and as th certificates have to be annually renewed, l r :n i uie wuoic buiuiuuuuv win see wno is pro : ...u : i . gressiog, wuu is ia nonary, anu wno is going backward. runny i nose naving me lowest rank, i : -r; anu never improving wun tne increasing intelligence, will, after a fair trial, be cut - oft. Ci K C. 41 a T j r i i9 me existing state oi tninss and icws uii vmcn ii is iounueu; and in regard to it, I wish to submit to the Ex amining Committees a few plain and prac . tical considerations. 1. The law, while it is as strict, per haps, as it is judicious to make it, is not too harsh, and cannot possibly do injustice to those wishing to teach, if it is fairly ad ministered. On this account, and be cause this part of our Common School Laws is of vital importance, I must insist that it be always enforced. Disobedience, allowed with impunity, creates a coutempt for the law contempt for the law is followed by contempt for the whole system of Common Schools. One teacher in a county having no cer- tificate discourages all the other teachers, puts an end to honorable emulation, and is a proline source ot complaints, crimi nations, and confusion. Merit is gener ally modest and diffident: but -still there are few teachers worthy of encouragement who will not be always ready to oe lairiy tried by an honest and enlightened tnou- nal. c 2. Your own goad sense and practical acquaintance with the wants of the com munity must be your guide in making ex aminations: " if you are thus influenced, you will not of course give too many cer tificates to those of the lowest grade, nor grant licences to any one who cannot read and write and leach the elementary bran ches of Arithmetic These branches all should be able to teach; but all are not re quired to teach Geography and Grammar, and those standing no examination on these studies, receive no numbers upon them. . Hot whilenroper allowances are to be made for VSnt ot, mental culture, and for the sphere in which it is to ope rate, no allowance can be made for want of moral character. The office of School Teacher, however considered by some, is the next in honor and impor'ntice to that of Pastor; and an immoral, -profligate or sensual .man, in such a position, is a wolf among lambs, and sure to do mischief, however watched. It is our solemn duty to guard the innocence of the State against such corrupting influences; but while so acting we should also be careful not to give countenance to sectarian prejudices in opposition to other religious denomina tions, but tolerate alike all who acknow ledge the being of a god, the truth of the christain religion, or the divine authority of the Old and New Testament," and do not hold "religious principles incompati ble with the freedom or safety of the State.' 3. I would suggeat to you to encourage good teachers to locate permanently in neighborhoods, as they can be more useful in creating and fostering a spirit of educa tion, can have their salaries, in time in creased by private subscriptions, and can also, in other respects, make their voca tion more profitable by cultivating farms or carrying on, or having carried on, other industrial or commercial occupations. 1 hope you will always recommend to teachers to hold public examinations, which, well conducted, have a powerful effect in creating among children a desire to attend school, while they also give im portance to the school, and to some ex tent, test the capacity of the teacher. A public examination, with speeches, dialogues, badges, processions, &c. &c, will operate favorably for education when persuasion will not; they enlist the hearts of the children who will add their impor tunities to the advice of teachers to enirae parents to send to school. 4. Encourage as much as possible the very poor, and especially poor females, to become teachers. VVa rannnl irnr r.. . L. p Tr A" . -i u" iMrtminnn i in o i -J per mini in, 11, uv uo expensive education, family influence, &c, they are in a situation to apply them selves more profitably to other callings. there is, however, a class, a numerous class, who are hired out to field labor, and many of these, if properly awakened, could become excellent teachers, and make more than twice as much as by their present occupations. If induced to g to school to attend the free schools till they are able to teach new beginners, they could get a certificate: with the proceeds of a few schools they could go to higher schools, &c, &c, and soon become thriv ing men, makins the best teachers, the best citizens, and the most enterprising members of society, with their eyes al ways steadily upwards. Thousands of such teachers could be maue by a little riendly advice and care on the part of their more fortunate neighbors; and one Mi young man thus rescued from an unhappy ot and started on an upward course, hon orable and profitable to himself, and use ful to the public, will create a spirit ot ed ucation in the right place, will open the eyes of the blind, show ignorant people what can be made by education, thus ma king a circle in the waters which will con tinue to widen to an indefinite extent. But a helpless female, who cannot push her fortune in the world, and yet is born dependent on the labor of her own hands, when started on such career, fairly elec trifies surrounding ignorance and preju dice, and is a standing miracle performed by means of our Common Schools. Im agine a girl you can see them in your own neighborhood a girl with natural sensibilities and capabilities, for heart and mind are inherited by all ranks and class es but from her very infancy pushed in to rude contact with the world, it bein necessary for her own existence or that of her parents, that she be hired out to wa ges. vvnat is tne nopeoeiore nerr in tne factories she may make four to six dollars per month, and may preserve her charac ter, though inhaling a noisome atmosphere in the fields she may earn three dollars per month and live on to old age, with a temper soured by unnatural employments, with a disposition unfitted for the impor tant duties of house-keeper, and with chronic diseases to embitter her existence. t. l r . vr sucn a one may, lor ooard and coarse clothes, go into domestic service follow those labors becoming the modesty and delicacy of her nature, but in a state of hopeless dependence, and subject to the wnuns anu caprices oi a mistress. rri I . inere is anoiner roau open to such a one, leading from want and social inferi ority, to independence, to tespect and to usefullness and happiness and it lies through our Common Schools. Set such an example in one neighbor hood the example of a girl, without any help from others except good advice, ris ing from the lowest social depths, be coming an ornament of society, command ing comparatively high wages for lady-like employment, living independently or forming high matrimonial alliances, and there is accomplished a great revolution in that region of country. How many destitute girls have we in North Carolina that could thus be Konora bly employed! - And females, for certain classes,- make the best teachers; they are more patient, more easily win the affections of the young and are mote likely to mould to virtuous and refined sentiments, the plastic nature of childhood. 5. No school can be well taught where the pupils are not arrangetl in classes; and, the subject of Text Books has caused more complaints than perhaps any other. I have been often appealed to in this mat ter, but I can only reccommend, and have hesitated to do that, fearing that tile in terests of book-makers and book-sellers, thegreferences of teacheis and " parents, antflhe fault finding tendencies of captious minds. might render my advice unafkiling. I have no authority to prescribe but as the Official (ad of the system oCom tnon Schools, anxious to promote its suc cess, I feeteajled on to advise; and I do this, not because my judgment is better than that of others, but because I hpe in this way to do good, and because fny opin ion has been repeatedly called foff jJThe constant change of books is egpg to parents, and injurious to' scholars; nd the great diversity of books in a large school, renders it impossible for the teach er to do justice to the pupils. By being arranged in classes, each one is called oft ener to recitation, emulation is excited, and the recitation of each member of the class is an exercise for all the class. I recommend, therefore, that such ends may be attained, and the expense of purchas ing books be curtailed; and while these are the great ends, I desire also to recom mend books worthy in themselves; and under all the circumstances, the best, in my judgment, though each one may not come up to all the requirements of the most astute critics." The resources of our State to the great detriment of our people, having heretofore been overlooked by ourselves, and by the world abroad, I have deemed it my duty to try to see justice done to North Caroli na, in her schools, supported by her means; and the brief allusions to our State, in the Geographies, and the remarkable errors in some of these allusions, have given me an opportunity of carrying out in part, my desires. I have been permitted (several Pub lishers and in fact all being very willing to such an arrangement to have an Appen dix inserted in a special edition of some Geography intended for this State. The cost is to be the same, and I am in no way interested in the sale, and receive no com pensation for the labor. This Appendix will be brief, but I desire it to be accurate; and being much of my time on the road, and exact information in regard to our State being hard to procure, the Appendix has not yet gone on to the Publisher. As soon as it can be exhibited to thellon. D. L-Swain, the distinguished President of the University, I will send it on, and the Publishers inform me feat it will be in print in a very short time after its reception by them. The Geography 1 have selected is Mit chell's Intermediate, generally the most reliable work of this kind; and the edition for North Carolina will no doubt be ready by the 1st of October next. An eminent and competent. Literary gentleman of this State has been seriously entertaining the idea of making a series of North-Carolina Headers; and as I am anxious, for manv reasons, to encourage such an enterprise. and am in . no way interested pecuniarily in it, I have been waiting events, ami am not, therefore, prepared to recommend Keaders. I require the new series to be as cheap as any others I am sure they will be as good; and if they can be made. having to some extent a local interest, hev will be read with more zeal, and if recom mended, be more uniformly used. Indeed such is the great variety of Readers, that no series, not of home manufacture, is likely to be generally used; and I may add that in this matter 1 have consulted only the interests of the State, and sacrificed, to some extent, my own. I hope to know, in a short time, whether we are to have a series ot North-Carolina Keaders; and in tne mean tune t recom mend for Text Books, in the several branches to which they relate, the follow ing works, viz: Webster's Spelling Book, improved edition; Ivnnierson s Arithmetic, three parts; Bullion's English Grammar; Mitchell s Intermediate Geography, spe cial edition for North Carolina. I would . i also recommenu, wnen sucn works are used, Hand's System of Penmanship. It is to oe regretted that Music is not generally included among the studies at our primary schools; and it Common School teachers could be induced to devote some attention to this subject, and to give occasional lessons in singing, they would enhance the value ot their services, and make their schools more popular. I hope also to see the day when the more useful branches of Natural Philosophy will tT 1 rM m J oe taugnt in our common Schools; and indeed, in this practical age, all studies tending to promote the industrial arts are -, becoming interesting and important to every class of people. Every scholar should be in possession of a uictionary as soon as he learns to read; and wnen teacners exercise their pupils in spelling, from memory, they should give out te woru irom a worn ot this sort, and give also the dehnition. As best suited to the purposes of our primary schools. I recommend, without hesitation, VVorces ters Comprehensive Dictionary. And I earnestly hope that all teachers! at least. will supply themselves with copies In conclusion, gentlemen, I need hardly suggest io you me propriety of a kind and patient demeanor towards applicants for ::.. i - ceriiuua.es uur ine lmttortanro ot so acting as to show that your only object is to prevent unworthy persons from Dro- pagating errors and immorality in our pub lic SCOOOIS. Acting without reward, you are all, I doubt not, governed by the best motives: you will encurage timid merit, expose, to the public only such errors and blunders as the general interest demands that they should know, speak a good word to those desiring to excel, stimulate all to greater excellence, and present an inexorable front to impudent stupidity and vice. . Please have this letter read by all can didates for certificates; and if it seems to you to be of tedious length and plain in style, remember that it is essential for all the friends and agents of our system to understand each other, and to worlc with united efforts. . I sympathise with you in your labors, andean only remind you that all good men have a common interest in the success of our Common Schools, and in the progress of the people in general intelligence and morality. " t C. H. WILEY, Superintendent of Common Schools. P. S. It ia possible that ther will be published soon a small prctieal work on the Minerals and Soils of North Carolina : if so, and it is approved by the SUte Geoligist. I hope it will be uniTersally introduced into onr school. I would also recommend to onr teachers to study Tracy's Commercial and Mechanical Arithmetic, and to teach classes in it. I earnestly recommend also that aU Mathe matical recitations be made on the Black Board, and not on the Slate. I feel also bound to enjoin strict attention to the physical, as well as the mental and moral growth and development of the pupils. Cleanliness exercise K t-nrGpelr&irftfed water andeheetfnl hablM porta. nt ; and a teacher, with a proper know man nature, and a disposition to be faithful 'fl ir charge of all duties, can make the School House, as it ought to be, a pleasant resort instead of a prison or a peuiten tary, as it too often seems to be. But teachers are not always to blame for this : injudicious neighborhood inter ference not nnfrequently makes the Master's situation distasteful to himself and odious to his pupils. A Nbw usk for Pi nr. The Courier Des Etats Unis, a French paper published at New York, say that a Mr Gras l)e Goersdorf, near VVarnebrunne, in Ger many, recently presented to the Society of Natural Sciences, of Bonn, specimens of paper and pasteboard, made of the wood of pine. The process is still kept a secret, although it is understood that the wood is pounded and bruised to a white paste by hammers, then bleached with chlorine, and put into a tub, where it undergoes the same process as ordinary pulp. The quality of this paper is said to be equal to that of the article manufactured from rags, either for printing or writing purposes. We pre sume that it is the white pine which is thus used, as it is stated that the older trees become unfitted by being too resin ous, an objection which would apply to pitch pine of any age. rrtl. Journal. Mr Willis Hester, the person who shot Mr. Porter Thompson recently, in this place, and escaped pursuit, surrendered himself, we understand, on Saturday last. and entered bail for his appearance at the next term of the Superior Court, to answer ie charge. We learn further, that he offered to pay Mr Thompson for the injury he had sustained by the shot. liillsboro Recorder, J3ug 10. Naval. The , style of whiskers to be worn by those connected with the navy, was prescribed several years ago by the then secretary. 1 he peculiar cut which is now universally known as "Hangers," has been considered by many as semi-bar barous. 1 he order was only occasionally enforced by some grey-beard who aspired to the dignity ol a martinet ; and it was certainly odious to the majority of officers, who were averse to having the number ol their hairs limited by law. The present Secretary of the Navy, after giving mature deliberation to the subject. has issued the following general order, which will be hailed with delight by little shavers, and all will agree that Mr Dobbin is right in the main : GENERAL ORDER. The Regulations of this Department prescribing the Uniform and Dress of the Navy and MarineCorps, dated 8thMarch, 1352, have been modified from this date so far as relates to Beard, as follows, viz : The Beard tube worn at the pleasure of the individual ; but when worn, to be kept short, and neatly trimmed. Approved, J. C. DOBBIN. Navy Department, Aug. 3, 1853. WITHOUT BREECHES. The following annecdote is related by the Kentucky Statesman. It is too good to be lost: A certain democratic youug lady residing in Jessamine, who is a very ardent friend of Breckenridge, got the for mal written consent of a certain young Letcherite that she, the said young lady, might prevent the said Letcherite from voting by any means fair or foul. Pursu ant to this agreement, on Sunday night, after the young gentleman had retired to " - a bed, she sent a servant to nis room anu rotall the clothes of which he had disrob ed himself; soins then to his wardrobe she took all the rest of his clothing, and plac ed the whole in a secure place beyond the reach of the young man.' At a very earty hour on Monday morning, she, with anoth er young lady, placed herself on the stairs down which tne ietcneriic must necessa rilv descend, if he descended at all, and there the two ladies sat all day. keeping their encaged bird secure until the closing of the polls in the evening, when they allowed him asrain to so at I arse. The consequences was that the young Letch eritedid not vote, and Breckenridge's ma jority was increased one vote. We hope that vnunnr !adv ma v set a sood democrat- . . - i ey mJ mi - youi r husband, and that at some future day and Ro- she may be able to point to her sons sav of them, in the language of the man matron, "these are my jewels."' Slekpino and the Senses. According to M. Cabinis, a French physiologist, the muscles of the legs and arms lose their power before those which support the head j and these last sooner than the muscles which sustain the back ; and he illustrates this bv the cases of persons who sleep on horseback, or while they are standiug or walking. He conceives that the sense of sight sleeps first, then the sense of taste, next the sense of smell, next that of hear in, and lastly that of touch. He main- tains also, that the viscera laii asleep, one 1 justass, is fined a hundred pounds, and after another, and sleep with different de-1 prohibited coming within the patent with grees of soundness, 1 0U( the governor's leave, on pain of death.'' m , t " TRUE AS PREACHING." txr .,, . jrw c copy idc following imro th Wilmington Journal, and endorse every wrd of it : FHB Shortest Road to the Lunatic Asylum Bean editor ; let the devil be waiting for copy ; sit down to write an article, and get a Jew sentences done Then let a loafing acquaintance drop in, and begin to tell you stories and the gossip of the town, and let him sit, sod sit, and sit, and sit Thai is the quickest way we can think of, says the New Orleans Picay une, to go raving, distracted, mad. And we more than half agree with the Picayune, although he has not named all, nor even half of the difficulties and distractions of the life editorial. He has said nothing about the man who conies in at your busiest moment, just to look over your exchanges," and 'hopes that you will not trouble yourself,' while he tosses every thing over under your nose j and having thus succeeded in confusing alLyour ar rangements, proceeds, while yotrfcre busy writing, to call your attention to all the forgotten news, which has just begun to reach his anti-deluvian brain, and to de- mand your laughter for all the stale jokes that have cone the rounds, addiii&r thereto tannin w ..mnnta f hi -T V, t,.. L 7i ufthe diKe"roentioned the man " who sends after all your exchanges before the mail opens, and :urn8' V uennue. -1 ne crop havin? ransacked ihsm. .., i;n. ,n promising state. San Antonio you have very little news in your paper. He has seen it all before. Nor the man who demands that you should recite, viva voce, and to him, personally, all that you have already published in your paper, to which he don't subscribe. -"All these are bores very considerable wide and most extensive bores, and might make an body mad. But then again, editing has its pleasures. Frequently the excitement of contest always the facilities for informa tion, and the opportunity, if honestly and prudently embraced, of directing public opinion into a correct channel, to say noth ing ot the chance of growling at the weath'er in print. There is even a flattery in be ing abused, since it shows that people think something of you, and then, editors are nattered, for they are abused. And the Journal does not include a set of ignoramuses who are always grumbling because a paper is not tilled up with trashy anecdotes. A Claim Alexander Sterling, called Lord Sterling, formerly a British subject, and now a citizen of the United States, lays claim to a part of Canada, which in cludes the Fisheries. Some speak of hioi as a first rate man, while others make heavy charges against him. The Baltimore Times says: Alexander is a man of rare talent, and wrote some of the best leaders of the Southern Press He wrote afterward for the Cotton Plant, until engagements incident to his claim required all of his attention. - Since then we have met him but rarely mostly on the street in Wash ington. Alexander asserts that the British Government turned the press against him, and in other ways prejudiced and defeated his claim. He asserts that he can make his claim good, but finding that the English Government had determined to crush him, determined to become a citizen of the United States and thus enforce disclaim.'' It is said the matter will be brought before Congress. Till then, all that can be said or written amounts to little more than idle speculation. Washington, Aug. 16. Land warrants for one thousand Creek Indians, in con sideration for military services, were issued to one claim agency of the establishment here by the last administration. Secre tary McClelland refuses to grant more warrants for Indians. An agent is here from New Orleans, endeavoring to obtain land warrants for colored men who fought under Jackson at New Orleans. James W. Reed has been appointed District Attorney for New Mexico Old Bullion will now be solitary and alone in the next Congress. The Missouri delega tion will stand four whigs, two Democrats, and Thomas Hart Benton. The President without a Shilling. The Washington Star is responsible for the fol lowing: 'Not long since, the President, in an af ternoon ride with his estimable lady and a female friend, was brought up by the gate upon the Columbia turnpike, on the op posite side of the Potomac. His coach man searched in his pockets in vain for the requisite shilling. The President searched his. But, alas not a solitary shilling had they among them! The toll-gatherer, who is at times annoyed by the pranks of fast' folks passing his gate on their way to the trotting course, without 'holding up to pay their toll, began to think of closing the bar upon the carriage, when the driver inform ed him that the gentleman inside was the President of the United States, and the gentleman inside' made it all right by pro mising to pay the shilling when next he should venture to ride on the Virginia side." A young lady at Norfolk, Virginia, was fined $2 35, and held in 200 security for her good behavior, for appearing in the streets in men's apparel. Slander, at one time, was an offence punishable by statuary enactment in Mas sachusetts. A slanderer, a backbiter, or a mischief-maker was regarded as a pest to society, and the laws provided for the exemplary punishment of all such offend ers, as will be seen, in part, by the follow ing extracts from the ancient records of Massachusetts : "Thomas Petit, forsuspicion of slander, idleness, and stubbornness, is sentenced to be severely whipped, and to be kept in hold Capt. Stone, for abusing Mr Ludlow, (a justice of the peace,) and calling him i j r f Another noo? oi Snt nTr).. I . !. - , . -3 r7r--'"-7;ir teji as a further proof of the tver. tcheirning strength of the Land DUi tion issue, we nay refer to the recent re sult of the Congressional election ; in the sixth District, between Boyd, Democrat, and Puryear, whig. In this District, Geo. Scott obtained a waioritv of l.nfil ,pii and the Scott ticket was not very popular in that innntr.. : : aJF . turns out that Puryear. taking, of ceres, iN -the distribution ground, obtains a majsritr of 389, being a falling oft of almost eC3-fV hundred. A tremendously and overwhelm V k minsly Dooular. nbwerful and mat irrsk. - vA sistibfe issuethis of the public lands proved itself. A little more of such' 't V' uiamjr, mi, every yv nig in ine agate wikulil hir Koon lfBil '-: !.! . " -. UHI hobby-horelfVUmington JournaL c. -"- LATER FROM MEXICO AND TEXAS. New Orleans, Aug. 10. We hajre re ceived Vera Crux dates to th Slst ilt. The government have called opon f the governors of States for correct returns of all foreigners residing in Mexico without licenses, with & view of imposing a fine or imprisonment upon them. ..-tI veston dat uaivesion uaies to tne din inf. ar Si L M l . . M . V m PeieJ - They convey a few elecji vices to the 6th instant state that the death of General Mirabeau Jamar was reported. Dog Fennel This weed is -likely to create quite a sensation in the medical v world. Some scientific gentlemen are at this time engaged in investigating its pro- " perties. It is said to answer the purpose of quinine, and may do away with that ex pensive drug. It has many other valuable " properties. The bruised leaves, applied as a poultice, will blister very quickly. This weed, so abundant in our country, '-' inayyet create more excitement than ginseng, as a drug and article of commerce. Superior Courts. We learn that the Judges of the Superior Courts have allot ted the Circuits among themselves as fol lows, viz: Edontnn, - Judge Newbern, -, Ellis, Baily, Manly, Saunders, Settle, Dick, Caldwell. Raleih, Hillsborough, Wilininirton. Salisbury, Morgan ton, Catalogue of Railroad Disasters. A. cotemporary reckons up sixty five railroad accidents that have occurred since 1st January last, by which three hundred tad thirty-three persons were wounded, one hundred and seventy six lives dettroy- e. . COMMERCIAL S3 RE cu or ARRIVE!) AT FAVBTTt; :. "Op. to tow Aug. 14 Steamer Bratbaraii and good for Dry- f- McMaUPa IP -vtr - l)k W .MeLaurin. R M Orrel.. "wrne, J O w;u;-m. a t-i..f.. a T utn n Aug. 13 Strainer Ererfcrwjn. with goo tst ionbow. -Kyle 8c Co, M cDoualU fc. McMater. i Il k J Mart ine, T Beaver Creek r0 Rcr A Smith. W H-Meaary J J iil-chri-t&C e. I W Power. W Mclntjrre. FoallufcMcKae, K J Halei Son. J P Smith. Cook k Jolmron. W B Valen- -tine. S J HinM-altt. R U Sell, winitse. r it. 11 Fries. IWit k Adirton. J S k A Gainey, ; 11 Steirena. WUMagafc Co. Aug. la. Steamer Southerner, with lighters AS Cfcea-" ?".. nntt nnd Jov. Morahead in tow. with gooda for E J Hale k T Son. Koulkofc McHae. H Tyon. Ben bow. Kyle Co, Mc Donald k Whalcy. Kockflsh Co. J M Beasley, 8 T Hawlwy k Son, Hall k Sackett. Starr k William. P Back k " Owen. S J Hinedale. C McL Dunn, J W Carr.O W WO-. Jam & Co. K A Vogler k Co. W Taylor, Pierk Braanla, , J k T WaJdill. F .vieller. J Ottarburg. Cook fc Jobnaoa. H L Myrover k Co. T MeDauiel. J H fc J Martin. HotU ton k Orerby. W Draughon. A W Steel, J Utley ML fc k R J Holmes. A MeLatichlia. Mineral Mining Co. 8 C' Da,i. T J Patrick. M Kirk, A A McKetban, Stedmaa fc Home. McCollough Gold Mining Co. K Fuller. J J Biaoer, Marh k Troy. C N McAdoo. J T Foster. Can Creek ManfCo.H MeDaniel. H k J Lilly, McDonald fc Me Master, S W Tillinghast fc Co, C Coffin. Other boats hare ariived but we bare not been furnish-' ed with tbe freight Ust. ARRIVED AT YII,!llNGTOV, Aug 11th Schr T H Ward from New York Schr Jalla Norton from Philadelphia Sebr R W Brown from New York Brig Kllen Hayden from New York. 12th. Sebr Mary Powell from New York Sebr L P Smith from New York Schr Jonas Smith from New Vork Barque John A Taylor from New York. 16th. Brig China from Rock fort, Me. 2 !h Mcdical Institution of Yale College. The Course of Lectures commences annually on the lat Thursday in September, and continues four months. Benjamiu Silliman. M. D.. L. L. I).. Professor Emeri tus of Chemistry and Pharmacy. til Ires. M. D.. Professor Emeritus of Materia Medina . and Therapeutics. Jonathan Knight, M. Professor of tba Principle! and Practice of Surtrery. ,J Timothy P Beers. M. D . Professor of Obstetrics. Charles Hooker, M. D., Professor of Anatomy and Physiology. Henry Bronson, M. D , Professor of Mat .ria Medicaand Therapeutics. Worthington Hooker. M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic. Benjamin Silliman, Jr., M.D., Professor of Chemistry aad Pharmacy. " . , On account of preyious engagements of Prof. SiUiman Jr.. tbe lectures ou Chemistry, during the ensuing term will be given by Prof. John A. Porter. Lecture fees, $68.50 ; Matriculation. $5 : Graduation, $15. C HAHL-S HUUKKH, Dean of tbe Faculty. New-ttayen, July 27, 1853. 65-6t-pd. - m' GO-Stabler' Anottvng"Tfrjiv Egpftorg- and Diarrhoea Cordial, being rfcomme & uVJ highly by many Physicsans, Apothoearte in. . Pharmaceutist, of high standing in the city &ff Vv Raltimore, there can be no doobt of their aupe- rior virtues. Those suffering with cold, couch.. iJ - hoarseness, &c, or with diarrhoea, should gire . I - 1 c i J i item a iriai. oee advertisement in Boomer v coluran. -. V i THE GREAT REMEDY. r " s . j The fire express companies of New York City have used the MEXICAN MUSTANG UNA-- ., MENT, with astonishing success, for all diseased, : requiring an external application, incident to ' large number ot horses. - It has .also proved toZ. be the best remedy ever used for Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Burns, Bruises. Piles, Sic. : See advertisement in another colamn. A Portmanie containinsr several valuable ou pers, among the rest a note for One Thousand '--- ark aa a aL l a 1'-', uoiiars, negoiiaDie ana payaoie as eitner oi in4 J banks in Fayetteville, made by me to and en ' . dorsed bv Allen McCorauodale. Alt Deraone are forewarned against trading for saidjoote. The finder will be amply rewarded by returning it to roe. P. SHEMWELL. Aognst 12, 16.3. 55-2t " I' 4 NOTICE TO STOCKHOLDEHO. THTestern Oail Occul- RecoifD Initalmcht. THE BOARD of Directors require an irttj ment of Five percent, on each Share of tbe""! tal Stock olthe "WESTERN RAIL T.OAD C. to be paid at their Office in FayetteriU, 1st day of SEPTEMBER next. a- D. C. McRAC, Vz August 6, 1853. - 754-lia if T9 - 1 '7 v -J.. i i;. U. v . ' 4 J .if "