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THE NORTH CAROLINIAN, FAYETTEVILLE, N. C.
One Week " Later from Europe The American mail steamer Atlantic arrived at JSew York ou the 31st, with a week's later! intelligence from Europe, the dates from Liver pool being to the 16th ultimo. ' At Liverpool, cotton had declined an eighth of a penny per pound; flour had advanced one shilling per barrel; corn was unchanged. 1 he lintish .Parliament was couvened in special session on tbe 12th ultimo.- The Queen's speech is occupied altogether With the war question, with the exception of one paragraph, in which she refers to the conclusion of a Treaty with the United States (in ail probability the Reciprocity Treaty) "by which subjects of long and difficult discussion hare been equitably adjusted." The speech speaks with admiration and gratitude of the conduct of tbe British army in the Crimea, and in high praise of the effective co-operation of the French. The necessity of sending reinforcements to the seat of war is urgently presented. - A bill had been read a second time in the Jlouse of Lords to enlist a German and a Swiss Legion, and in the House of Commons a bill i. ,j v, . . ;., ...,.! i .. j : to send the militia regiments abroad to the colonies and on other garrison duty. The thanks of Parliament had been voted to the army and navy for their bravery in the East. Nothing is yet said of a national loan. The Parliament was not expected to continue in session longer than was necessary to carry out the war measures of the Government. A private letter says that the ratifications of the late treaty between Great Britain, France, and Austria were exchanged at Vicnua on the 14th ultimo, and that if the negotiations now pending do not lead to peace, Russia will call into the field as early as possible an army ot a million men. The dates from Sebastopol arc to the 1th of December. I here had been heavy rams; the trenches were filled with water; the roads were impassable; and in this condition of things nothing could be done. The Russian General Ostensacken had arrived to take command of Gen. Dannenberg's division. Omer Pasha was at Varna, embarking nineteen battalions of Turks for the Crimea. Affairs in Hungary are much agitated. Aus tria's movements are badly relished. Latest from the Seat of War. Accounts from Sebastopol to the 1th state that great movements were observed before and around that city on that evening. Important steps were supposed to be taking. It looked like preparations for another great battle. The investment of the place had been nearly com pleted. Numerous reinforcements had arrived to the allies. The Russians were also pouring in in immense numbers. The Austrian Ultimatum. This appears to be the most importaut item of intelligence by the present arrival. The "Ost Deutsche Post" publishes the following as the ultimatum ad dressed by Austria to the Emperor of Russia: 1st. No modification of Russia's territorial possessions is demanded. 2d Besides the four points, indemnification for the war expenses is to be the basis of peace propositions. 3d. The futnre Russian protectorate our the Greek Catholic subjects of the Porte are de clared inadmissible, as interfering with the Sultan's sovereign rights. 4th. The five powers are to gnarauty the privilege of equal rights to Christians. 5th. The Russian protectorate in the Danu bian principalities and in Servia are to be de clared extinct. Gth. The navigation of the Black sea is to be guarantied by raising the siege of Sebastopol, and converting other arsenals on its coast into common harbors. 1th. The Russian fleet (in the Black sea) is to be reduced four frigates and two line-of-battle ships. 8th. The remainder of tbe BlacV sea fleet is to be allowed to withdraw to the Baltic. 9th. The free navigation to be insured by a formal declaration. 10th. The Sulina mouths, with its environs, are to be declared neutral territories. The above alteration, it is generally believed, Will be indignantly rejected by the Czar. Some, indeed, look upon it as a rnse of Austria to free herself from the peculiar relations she stood in towards the allies. Prussia. It is stated with much confidence that Prussia has signified lief determination to join the allies against Russia, for pacific purposes. France. Throughout France the war ques tion was the absorbing topic of interest. Troops were being shipped daily for the Crimea. Aside from this, there was nothing else of special mo ment. Frightful Ravages of Cholera. Letters from Messina, in Sicily, state that the cholera is producing frightful ravages in that citv. The population has been reduced to half its former size, by death and emigration. Twenty thousand persons died betweu the 22d of August and 10th of feeptember. Attack on Liquor Shops by Women. The Kalamazoo (Michigan) Telegraph furnishes the Tiartionl ars of a rlpspnt. mfnl on tlm (ri-nnpr.rioc r - .., oi utsego, oy me women oi tnat place, in con sequence of an insult offered by a dealer to a female whose drunken husband visited his honse. The Telegraph says: The women of the village, to the number of thirty-eight, armed with axes and hatchets, formed a procession and marched upon the de stroyers of their domestic peace. Proceeding to the hotel, they commenced a general demo lition of decanters, jugs, tumblers, aud barrels, when the proprietor, beseeching them to desist, came to terms, and gave bond not to sell any more liquor for six months, after which they quietly withdrew. They then proceeded to several groceries where liquors were sold. One of the keepers, after a portion of his stock had been destroyed, signed the required bond. Another refused, when they poured out his stoct of liquors, amidst the greatest excite meat. Uurnig the operation the proprietor rudely grasped one of the females and hurled her back, whereupon he was seized and most thoroughly drenched in his own liquor. He received several very severe injuries in the melee. After having accomplished this the women quietly dispersed. Methodist Episcopal Church. The Chris tian Advocate and Journal contains the returns for the past year from the several Methodist Episcopal Conferences in the United States, which exhibit the following totals: Number of members 619,282, and probationers 104,016, being an increase of 30,132 members during the year. The number of traveling preachers in the several Coaferences is 5,483, of which 4,814 are effective, the remainder being either superannuated or supernumerary. There were 42 deaths among the traveling preachers during the year. The number . of local preachers re ported is 6,149. , The total amount of mission ary contributions rsported from the Confer ences is $229,049. The largest amount is from the Baltimore Couference, which raised $29,234. Supreme Court. This body convened on Saturday last, all the Justices present. The following gentlemen re ceived license to practice in the Couuty Court : William Robinson, Rut us Y McAden, James B Jordan, Heury M Willis, Thos G Hall, Jas F McLenehan, John W Moore, Rttfus K Pepper, Cicero Berry, W H Bunn, William G Simmons, William C Finch, William W Peebles, J Marcellus Taylor, Geo N Thompson, F M Charles, Johu Williams, John E Brown, A M Waddell, William T Faircloth, Jeremiah E Reeves, Mr Kirklaud, The following received Superior Court licenses: Wayne, Caswell, Bertie, California, Fayetteville, Chatham," Hertford, Stokes, Orange, Wayne, Montgomery, Franklin, Northampton, Nash, Caswell, Pasquotank, n Davie, Orange, Greeue, Surry, Orange. Lucien Holmes, Thomas II. Holmes, Fred N Strudwick, J A Spvars, B R lluske, Samuel A Holmes, J Thomas Dula, Giles Leiteh, Stephen W Wall, John J Dickson, Samuel Langdon, Robert Raiford, Win A Allen, George M White, New Hanover, Sampson, Orange, Cumberland, Orange, Fayetteville, Caldwell, Robeson, Martin, Burke, Brunswick, Favetteville, Wake, Bladen. Ttalcigh Star. Brilliant Levee at the Presidential Man sion. The Levee at the President's mansion in Washington city on the 1st January, is said to have been a grand affair. The officers of the Army and Navy, and all membes of the Foreign Legations, were in full costume, loaded with "old and silver laee. side-arms, &c. Hie com bined uniforms rich costumes, made a most bril liant and gorgeous appearance. It is estimated that more than five thousand persons were pre sent. Excellent music was furnished by the Marine Band. Mrs Pierce stood beside her husband at the presentation, and received the visitors with more than her usual grace and naivete. Hundreds found it impossible to gain admittance, but contented themselves by con gregating in the piazza and promenading the beautiful grounds. On the whole, it was one of the most brilliant Receptious ever given at the White House. An Unwelcome Visitor. In Louisiana the other day, an immense panther ten feet nine inches in length and two feet seven inches in height, entered the house of a planter a little after sundown, one cloudy evening whilst he and his family were making preparations to seat themselves at the supper table. A large and strange looking beast was discovered ap proaching the house by one of the children, who immediately spread the alaitn; but btfore anything could be done in the way of recounoi tering, this unusual visitor had introduced him self into the dining room, when undismayed by his terrific appearance, a fierce battle ensued between the inmates of the house and the in furiated panther. By dint of the most resolute courage and presence or mind, they succeeded in whipping him off the premises, not, however, before he had maimed two valuable dogs, upset the sup per table, and done other damages. After crossing the field in the direction of a large cane thicket, finding he was still pursued, he backed himself up against the fence as in de fiance of his pursuers, and as if ready for another frolic, when our hero, who had by this time succeeded in procuring a gun, shot him dead. It is marvellous, indeed, that none of the fami ly received the slightest injury, although bro't into so close a proximity with the fiercest and most redoubtable of animals. Com. Buchanan before the Recorder. Com mander Buchanan, of the steam frigate Susque hanna, was brought before Recorder Waller on Saturday last, on a charge ol'false imprisonment preferred against him by one of the crew named Joseph S. Chapman, who charged that he was wilfully aud maliciously imprisoned on board the Susquehanna, without authority. A court-mar tial was held a few months ago in the China seas, which found Chapman guilty of dereliction of duty, aud sentenced him to confinement until the vessel should touch at an American port. Commodore Perry issued an order approving the sentence, and commanding the same to be executed. Under this state of facts, tbe Re corder decided that he had no jurisdiction over the case, and dismissed the defendant, mainly because he acted under the orders of a superior officer. As soon as the judgment of the Court had been pronounced, a second warrant, issued by Justice Kix, was served on Com. Buchanan for committing an assault and battery on one of the musicians belonging to the ship. The band had been ashore by permission of an officer, and the complainant, with several others, failed to return at the time specified. He was called up the next morning, and the Commander, ir ritated at his conduct, slapped him in the face. Justice Rix fined Commander Buchanau $100. Saw Francisco paper. Lime Water in Bread Making. Liebig, the German chemist, having made many ex periments, recommends the making of wheat and rye bread, by using a pint of lime water to five lbs. of flour. He urges the abandoning the use of saleratiis in the raising of bread, and to substitute therefor, pure baker's yeast and lime water. "Cream of tartar and carbonate of soda are far inferior to common yeast for making healthy bread," says the Scientific American. The lime water is prepared by stir ring some quick lime iu cold water, then after allowing the sediment to settle, to draw it off, and put in bottles for use. No care is required about the quantity of lime, as the water will imbibe only a certain quantity. Well Said. What ought to be done with a gentleman who engages the affection of a young lady, and then leaves her? Answer. Bless him and let him go. We always think, in such cases, that a young lady has abundant cause for congratulation, and in stead of whining and crying over "spilt affection" let her put on her sunny smiles, and endeavor to captivate a more worthy beau. You may depend upon it, that a man who has no more stability of mind, or honesty of purpose, than to act in this way to a young lady, is not worth a tear of regret; on the contrary, she should be especially happy that she has so luckily got rid of a person who throughout his life, in whatever he undertook, would unquestionably exhibit the same uufixedness of purpose and the same irresolution of mind. Love is like every thing else; a man who is not to be trusted in that, is very likely to be unsafe in other re spects. New York Times. Tbe Crimes aad Casualties of tbe past Year. We find in our exchanges tabular statements of the crimes and casualties in the United States during the year which has just closed. The footings-up are as follows: ' The total amount of property, destroyed by fire is estimated, in round numbers, at twenty five millions of dollars. The number of persons whose lives have been sacrificed by burning buildings is put down at one hundred and seventy-one. There have been one hundred and , ninety three railroad accidents, killing one hundred and eighty-six persons, and wounding five hun dred and eighty-nine. There have also been forty-eight steamboat accidents, killing five hundred and eighty-seven persons, and wounding two hundred and twenty five. ' During the year six hundred and eighty-two murders were committed, and eighty-four per sons were executed. In the State of New York alone there were seventy-four murders and seven executions, and in California sixty four murders and fifteen executions. From the Sandwich Islands. A Honolulu letter, dated the 1th of November, and publish ed in the San Francisco Times, states that Gen. Miller, the British Consul General at the Sandwich Islands, who receutly signalized him self by a speech to the King and Privy Coun cil, reflecting on the people of the United States generally, and of California in particular, lias been discovered to be afflicted with alienation J of mind. A survey has been held upon him by a board of physicians and surgeons attached to British vessels, and he has been pronounced insane. The same letter says: "Much anxiety is manifested here by the greater part of the resident Americans regarding the arrival of filibustering parties fromCalifornia. Rumor has it that there are some two or three hundred men on their way of this diameter. All agree that any movement c f this kind will se riously retard the accomplishment of annexation if it does not wholly destroy it for years al least. There is now no doubt that if our Government desires the possession of these islands trey can soon become ours in a peaceable way; but if any torce or coercion is used tuc ciiaiues lor acquisition are small indeed." Depreciation of Property. Point Peter Steam Saw Mill establishment sold tlik morn ing at public Auction for $11,000. Tlie pro prietors asked $40,000 for it, and had been of fered $20,000. Wil. Herald. U. S. Mediation in Europe. The Washing ton Correspondent of the Philadelphia Penn sylvanian says : "Mr Clingman's mediation resolutions will pass the House, and the question is already asked, whom will the President send across the Atlantic to pour oil on the troubled waters of '0 Hew Department. - A bill is now before the Senate, creating a new Department of Government. Its provi sions we find published in detail iu some of the papers : "The bill proposes to constitute the Existing office of the Attorney General of the United States a department to be denominated " The Department of Law," whereof the Attorney General, for the time being, is to be the princi pal officer. He is to perform all the duties now belonging to the office of Attorney Gene ral, and such as may be required of him by Law. Among other prescribed duties, he is to cause to be prepared, recorded, and transmitted or delivered, all appointments and commissions in the judiciary of 4he United States, of Govern ors and Secretaries of Territories, and all special commissiouers or other officers not under the direction of any other Department; but even such commissions are not to be record ed until they shall have been attested by the Attorney General. lie is also to superintend and direct the district attorneys of the United States in the transaction of their official duties. The office of the Solicitor of the Treasury is to be transferred to the Department of Law as a bureau of that "Department, and its chief officer is to be designated "The Solicitor of the United States."' In the discharge of these accumulating duties the Attorney General is to be aided in the de partment of law by an officer, to be called "the Assistant Attorney General of the United States," who is to be appointed by the Presi dent, subject to the confirmation of the Senate. The Attorney General is also to be authorized to appoint a cheif clerk, whose compensation is to be equal to that of chief clerks of the other Executive Departments; and pro vision is made for the appointment of subordinate clerks aud messengers. The Cotton Ckop. The New Orleans Pic ayune says that estimates of the cotton crop can now be made with some degree approaching accuracy. The lowest figure named is now 3,100,000 to 3,150,000 bales, audit is more than likely that they are right. Election in Nebraska. An election for a delegate to the present Congress took place in Nebraska Territory on the 12th ult. The can didates were Bird B. Chapman, late of Ohio: N. B. Giddings, late from Missouri; and Ilad ley D. Johnson, independent democrat. It is reported that Johnson has been elected. The monster lump of gold in San J'ran cisco the largest in the world. An imwiense lnnip of quartz gold hasjjeen found in Calaver as county, weighing 161 pounds, or 2,516 ounces avoirdupois. Estimating it to contain 20 pounds of quartz rock, which is a large allowaucc in the opinion of experienced persons who examined it, the actual weitrht of ro!d in Xortb Carolina Scientific and Biliary Academy. From the Wilmington Journal. Messbs Editors : I am pleqsed to see that Col. Meares has, in the House of Commons in troduced a bill to create a Scientific and Mili tary School for North Carolina. I think it is quite time that our matter. Why nr of the people to express have co' differen. school, it at one. y- were moving in tne ;st the calling together ious towns and counties, upon this matter. I many of oar people, in State, in relation to this to be in favor of organizing nat this Legislature should take Europe? Will it be a commission of one, two ! it will be 141 ppunds, or 2,256 ounces avoirdu- or three? The names of Van Bnren, Tyler and Fillmore are seriously mentioned here in con nection with the propose pcaced commission. The ex-Presidents of the great model Republic settling the Eastern question, with the loss only of a little breath and ink! What a spectacle for the old fogies of Europe to contemplate. If we are to have a commission let us have such a commission. The whole country would endorse their pre-eminent fitness for the delicate work allotted to them." Baltimore, Jan. 1. There seems to be con siderable excitement here among the Know Nothings. Their recently elected Mayor is pronounced to be refractory. The Clipper, the organ of the party, repudiates his course, while the leaders of the new party say he has Tyler ised. There has been quite a serions riot among the strikers on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad to-day, and a large police force has been sent to the depot. The rioters then threatened to throw the freight trains olf the track. Fatal affray. The Columbia Times of Friday says: "We are sorry to learn that an affray occurred in Winnsboro on Thursday evening between Mr It. N. McMaster and a Mr Barker, which resulted in the death of the latter. The circum stances, as we hare been informed, were briefly these: There was a 'Christmas' dance given by some of Mr McMastcr's negroes, and Barker (who was intoxicated) went into the honse where the negroes were dancing and acted very rudely. Mr McM., hearing the noise, also entered the room, and persuaded B. to go home. B. refnsed, and drew a Bowie-knife, and stub bed Mr McM. in his side, when McM. knocked the knife from his (B.'s) hand. B. then drew a revolver, when McM. caught it and turned it on B., and shot him four times. B. died in fif teen minutes. Mr McMaster is confined to bed, but we are happy to learn that his wound, though serions, is not considered dangerous." A Fashionable Church. We gather from tbe following paragraph in the N. Y. Courier, of Monday, that the fashionable churches in that city manage to perform religious worship and give a grand concert at one and the same time: "We have received a printed programme of the Music to be performed at Grace Church this morning, with the names of the principal artists. We cannot afford room in the present crowded state of our columns, especially as the performance is not advertised; but we state with pleasure that the selection has been made with a careful eye to the taste of the more cultivated part of the musical public, and that we have no doubt the several morceaux will be performed in excellent style and attract a large aud brilliant audience. Com. Stockton. This gentleman, whose ar rival in Columbia we chronicled a few days ago, is understood to have visited the South for the purpose of superintending the erection of ma chinery necessary to work a mine which he owns in the vicinity of Gaston, N. C. Continental Money. The following bill of items is preserved, and illustrates the value of the continental bills in 1181 : Capt. A. McLane bought of William Nicholas, January 5, 1181 1 pair of boots $600 6 yards of calico at $85 152 6 do of chintz at $150 900 4J do of moreen at $100 450 4 handkerchiefs at $100 400 1 skein of silk 10 $3,114 Life of Greeley. It is stated in the Life of Horace Greeley, that Leggett once discharg ed him from a compositor's situation on the Evening Post on account of his slovenly ap pearance. Greeley's first employment in New York was obtained from W. T. Porter, of the Spirit, who was then foreman of West's print ing office. In 1833 Greeley started the Morn ing Post, the first penny paper in the world; it lived sixteen days, aud begat the New York Sun. . ?..-. ; . pois, the value ot wuicn, at l i 2D per ounce, would be $38,916. This is the largest nugget of pure gold ever found in California or in the world! It was brought down to this city 3-es-terday by Adams & Co., and will be shipped to the Atlantic States iu the steamer of to-day. The proprietors of it were so excited by their good luck that they sat up beside their treasure night and day on its way here. Mr Perkins, one of the company to whom it belongs, states that it was taken out iu Calaveras county, ou Wednesday evening, November 22d, just as the company were about quitting work for the day. He would not give any particulars in regard to where the claim is located, except that it is iu the county above named. The conipauy con sists of four Americans and one Swiss. Mr Perkins belongs to Lexington, Kentucky; and for the past two years, although he has labored hard, was not very successful, never having more than $200 at any one time during that period. The leugth of this immense mass is about fifteen inches, and its width from live and cue-half to six inches. As one side is ex tremely irregular and uneven in its formation it is difficult to arrive at the exact thickness, but it will probably average four inches. The other side is almost flat, and presents a solid mass of pure gold; the only quartz perceivable is on the upper or ragged side, and some pieces are so loosely imbedded in the precious metal that, with the aid of a pointed instrument, they might be easily removed. The whole mass, at some period, has apparently beeu in a fused state. Pulpit Pugnacity. The Saundersville Geor gian reports the following case as having occur red iu Wilkinson county, Ga., a few Sundays ago : The Rev. Mr , who by the way, one of our informants said, could out preach half the preachers iu Georgia, made some statement in Ids sermou relative to difficulties in the church. One of his members got up aud demanded his author. The Rev. gentleman went on through with his sermon, and after coining down from the pulpit, pulled off his coat and gathering a big stick made at the offending member in the belligerent style. The latter nothing daunted and acting upon the principle bellum non limen dutn prepared to receive him. But the parties were kept apart by the interposition of others; onr informant said by the interference of w bib an and children, who gathered around the parties presented a barrier not to be overcome. Caught. A young gentleman, whose friends had made up a match for him with a lady that he did not perfer, when at the altar with her, on being questioned if he chose this woman for his wife, responded No. The lady felt wronged, and said she would not be satisfied, unless she were allowed the same chance of refusal, that he had. Upon which he stood up again, and on being asked again if he took this woman as his wife, replied Yes. And when it came her turu, she replied Yes, too thus using her chance to secure the unwilling captive. Cash and Credit. The Williamsburgh Daily Times says : "If you would get rich don't deal in pass books. Credit is the 'temper in a new shape. Buy dry goods on trust, and you will purchase a thousand articles that Cash would never have dreamed of. A dollar in the hand looks larger than ten dollars seen through the perspective of a sixty day due bill. Cash is practical, while credit takes horribly to taste and romance. Let Cash buy a dinner, and yon will have a beef-steak flanked with onions. Send credit to market, and he will return with eight pairs of woodcocks and a peck of mush roons. Credit believes in double breasted pins and champagne snppers. Cash is more easily satisfied. Give him three meals a day, and he don't care much if two of them are made up of roasted potatoes and a little salt. Cash is a good adviser, while Credit is a good fellow to be on visiting terms with. If you want double chins and contentment, do business with Cash. A social edict with a vermilion tail." Epitaph. Here lies cut down like unripe fruit, The wife of Deacon Amos Shute; She died of thunder sent from Heaven, In seventeen hundred and seventy-seven. the necessary steps to "set the ban in motion. It is hardly necessary to tell any one, at this day, that what our people want, in the way of an institution of learning for their sons, is a scientific and practical school. A school where the boy is taught hvxo to be awscWcitizen, and if the time should ever come, (which God grant may never be,) for the South to tike arms iu defence of her institutions, these lioys will be ready to take the field in her sacred cause, with such kno-iclcdge as will enable them 'to lead you on to victory. Again, the time ma not be dis tant when North Carolina may be called, once more, to send forth her sons in defence of our common country! Is there any member of this Legislature that would not blush to see her gallant volunteers, badly officered, led in such a manner as to disgrace the State! or to hold a position in the line inferior to that of any State in the Union. And how can this be otherwise, if we do not provide for some permanent mili tary instruction instruction that may be dif fused throughout the State by the graduates, as well as by the instruction that will be obtain ed by those invited to attend the annual en campment. Almost every other State has moved in this matter already, aud shall we he the last, the very last, to give onr sous such educations as will enable them to stand proud ly by the side of any ou the battle-field or at the Council-board? It is proposed, in this bill, to combine the military with the scientific; to make men of boys; to give them such educations as would fit them at once for t!je active and practical duties of life. The military department is made subor dinate to the scientific. The real origin ot in corporating the State military schools was to copy after""Wcst Point," where the combina tion (there from necessity, so as to fit young men for the army,) was thought to be admira bly adapted to develope all the mind of the student without impairing his health. At West Point the student is required to study ten to twelve hours a day. How could a student en dure this great tax upon the mind without a corresponding exercise of the body? Hence the daily drill, infantry, cavalry, or artillery, for every day in the year, except Sundays, Christmas, and the 4th of July. By requiring this regular exercise the health of the student is preserved, and his body kept, with his mind, in a condition to learn the most in the tenor twelve hours allotted to study. The practice, at schools of this kind, has another feature that calls out all the energy and industry of the youth that is the class rank. The classes are usually numbered from one to four, the first class being the graduating class. The "merit roll," (as it is called at West Point J contains the names of the Cadets in each class, arranged in the order of "general merit," which is the "standing" of the Cadet. To explaiu: Each study, as Mathematics, Philosophy, Engineering, &c, is made to count a certain number, as 3,2, 1, &c. Each student is placed in every boot tie nas studied, ac cording to his proficiency; then all these studies are combined, according to their value, and his "standing" is determined by his merit numbers Here we see a system of "rewards and punish ments," administered in so fair and impartial a manner, that all who see admire, and if the boy has ambition in him, it will show itself be fore the four years have elapsed. There will be few drones, but many honorable competitors for the highest positions; and every one strives to be above the fool of a class! It is this fcelinr of honorable ambition, this pride of place, when saught and won by honorable means, which lias, an the worm over, made men jrreat as statesmen, heroes and divines. It is this feelinsr. in every walk of life, that has made men great in all that we call great on earth. Let us, then, cultivate this sentiment, this honorable feeling, this praiseworthy desire to excel! Let us create a school that will develope and put in active operation all the latent energies of the student. Why scud so many boys to college to idle away as is often the case four years of the best portion of their lives, when we can, by a judicious system, snch as this, properly ad ministered, command their entire time for study, for exercise, recreation and rest, leaving none for dissipation. When could there be a more opportunate time than this to create such a scientific school. Do we not now require a numerous corps of Engineers for our works of internal improve ment; of Geologists and Mineralogists, to make thorough and elaborate surveys of the State, to enable her mineral wealth to be developed, without sending abroad for the educated of other States. In 1853, Col. Smith says, there were nearly 100 sons of Virginia graduates of the Military school of that State then engaged either in teaching in the public schools,"or employed as Engineers on her public works. West Point. Plan of the Virginia Military Institute. The Virginia Military Institute was establish ed, and is supported by the State of Virginia. An arsenal, containing 30,000 stand of arms, is located here, which was formally guarded by a company of enlisted soldiers, at an annual ex pense of about $6,000. In 1839, this appro priation was transferred to the support of a company of cadets, who, in addition to their duties as a gnard, should also be placedunder a course of instructions, upon the basis of the United States Military Academy, at West Point. Upon this system the institute has been in successful operation for twelve years. The cadets admitted consist of two classes. State and 1 ay cadets. The Institute supplies to the State cadet his board, tuition, fuel, light, books, maul-ass, medical attendance and stationery: and in consideration thereof, he is required to teach two years after graduation. The Pay uc" at ms own expense, which averages $300 per year, for every charge, including clothing. The State cadets are selected from those who are unable to bear their own expenses a ne Institution has always had as many pupils a& us buildings would accommodate, and num bers, thirty-two State and one-hundred Pay cadets. Applications are made, by letter, to c ouperiutendent prior to the first ot July, each year, and appointments are made for both -iasses ot cadets, bv the Board of V isitors. re hpect being had to their due apportionment among the several districts of the State. l he Literary Fund of the State contributes $1,500 per year to the Institution for the educa tion ot teachers, and the State has received tuition fees from the nnv cadets to thfi amount of $25,000 since its organization, which sum is applied to the increase of the number of State cadets, and to the enlargement of the accomoda tions or the Institute. "I Did as the rest Did." This tame, yield ing spirit this doing "as the rest did" -has ruined thousands. A yonng man is invited by vicious companions to visit the brothel, or the gambling room, or other haunts of licentiousness. He becomes dissipated, spends his time, loses his credit, squanders his property, and at last sinks into an untnnately grave, vv nat ruiuea niror Dimply "doing what the rest did." ' A father has a tanniy of sons, lie is wealthy. Other children in the same situation of life do so and so, are indulged in this thing and that. He indulges his own in the same way. - They grow up idlers, triflcrs, and fops. The father wonders why his children do not succeed better. He has spent so much money upon their education, has given them great advantages; but, alas! They are only a source of vexation and trouble. Poor man, he is just paying the penalty of "doing as the rest did." This poor woman strives uaru 10 uring np her daughters genteelly. They learn what others do, to paint, to sing, to play, to dance, and several other trifliug matters. In time they marry; their husbands are unable to sup port their extra vagauce, aud they are soon re duced to poverty and wretcheduess. The good woman is astonished, "lruly, says she, "1 did as the rest did." The oldest Inhabitant. There is now living iu this county, says the Abingdon Virginian, a lady, who we believe, is the oldest person in Virginia. Mrs. Mary Collins, residing about seven miles from Abingdon, beyond the Middle Fork of the Holston river is certainly not less than one hundred and twenty years old, aud is believed to be near one hundred and thirty. Vlthousrh Mrs. Collins has reached this extra ordinary age, she yet attends to a great deal of work-about the tarm ot her son, wun v, nom sue resides, and our informant states that a short time back he saw her carrying a heavy bucket ot water up a steep hill. A gentleman, popping his head through a tailor shop window, in order to obtain a lull view of the fair operatives, exclaimed: What o'clock is it ? Upon which the tailor lifted his lap board, and struck him a blow ou the head, answering': It has just struck one. SIO REWARD. STRAYED from camp at Gilchrist's Bridge, Rich mond eouuty, ou the 22d December, a pair of large MULES, grey and dark Lay. mane and tail trimmed. I will pay the above rew ard. Ten Dollars, for their de livery at either Mr Gilchrist's, or at Harmon's Hotel, Favetteville. JO. D. rOWELL.. Dec 27. 26-tf Raleigh, N. C. BASIC OS" FAYETTEVILLE, ) 7 lit Dec 1854. i A DIVIDEND of 5 per cent., fleclared this day, will be pavable at tbe Dank oa the 2tl January next, it " W. G. BKOADFOUT, Cu.-b. UN I OX ACADEMY. The exercises of this School will be resumed the 1.4 day of January, under the supervision of Rev. YV. L. Wallace, late of Furuiau University, S. C, who codks to us arrayed with tbe v ry best recommendations a. to scholarship aud geutleiuaiily bearing. Tbe Acad emy is a larje two-storied building, situated in a beau tiful and healthy place on the IJarleesville road. 12 miles from Lumbcrton, X. C. in the neighl orhoi d of Capt. E. Ashley. Dr. J. McK. Alford, Colonel John A Roland. Joseph Thompson, Townson A" I'rice. X M to the Academy is a large and commodious building built for the express pnrpose of entertaining boarders, now kept by Dr. Johu S. Roland, a very excellent aud high-toned gentleman. Every convenience is made to render tbe School prosperous and flourishing. There will be three elates: 1st. Embracing Spelling A: Reading, per session. $fi 2d. English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, Philosophy. Astronomy, Dotany. Composi tion, Elocution, great care to writing, 3d. Latin, Greek, Algebra. Geometry, Survey ing, Logic and Rhetoric, with oHginal propositions and problems given to test scholarship, per session of 5 mouths, 32 JOSEPH THOMPSON, Pres t. John Tayi.ob. Sec 'v. December 2Tlb. " 26-3t CARTHAGE INSTITUTE, next session opens January tb. Terms ns S'J The heretofore Carthage, Dee 20. 3t. A. R. BLACK. Principal. WM. M. BLACK. Assistant. ALMANACS, A good supplv of Farmers fc Planters and Turner & Hughes, for sale at the Fayetteville Rook Store, by A. E. TAYLOR. SPECIAL SOTICE, The Subscriber takes this method of informing per sons indebted to him either bv note or account, ttat longer indulgence cannot and will not be given. .H notes and accounts not Cashed by the 10th of Janunry, 185", will be placed in the hands ot olhccrs lor collec tion. TETER T. JOHXSOX. Dccemler 16, 1S54. 24-3t Dec. 16. FOR COVGMSX COLDS 1 1 Wistar's Cough Lozenges, Rose and Lemon Gum Drops, Aycr's Cherry Pectoral, Wistar's Balsam of Wild Cherry, Jaynu's Expectorant. Pure Cod Liver Oil. (R. & C.) For sale by J. X. SMITH, Druggist. 24-1 m FOR SALE. The HOUSE AND LOT opposite the residence of E. J. Hale, Esq, now occupied by J. E. Bryau. Also, three line building LOTS ou Hayinount, join ing the residence of T. S. Lutterloh aud Wm. Broad- foot, Esq Vs. having on them numerous line shade trees and convenient to the purest water in the county. Apply to GLO. S. liuuut;?- December 10, 1854 24-Gt WIDE I have just received HATS for men, boys and children AWAKE. a few dozen '-Wide Awake" DAVID GEE. December 16, 1854 3t NOTICE. ROBESON INSTITUTE. The next session of this Institute will commence on the 1st Monday in January next, under the sii)('r' vision of the Rev. G. B. Scott and Lady. His success during the former session has clearly evinced that uc is second to none in his profession as a teacher, aw his equal we have not found Mrs Scott is an exptT'' enced and, we doubt not, an efl'ectual teacher. Eliort will be made to have the Steward's Hall in the oa pancy of a suitable incumbent. Tuition payable one-half in advance. W. 11. WILLIS, Trcas. December 16, 1854 24-4t NOTICE. By virtue of a decree of the County Court of Ciiw berland, at December Term 1854, the undersigned ss Administrator of Alexander McLeod, will proceed to sell on the premises, 950 ACRE OF LAND, more or less, situated in Cumberland County, on the north sin" of Cape Fear River, adjoining the land of John A Cutts, John Matthews and others. The above are valuable for turpentine, and abound in excellr0' timber, and are within six or seven miles of the Col Fear River. The sale will be on the 13th day of Janu ary, 1855, and on a credit of six months, purchasers giving bond and approved security. J. W. McLEOD, Alm r Dec. 9th, 1854. 6t-pd ' MEDICAL CHESTS, . Suitable for Physicians or Planters, a good asso ment just received and for sale by gjfl' Dec, 16. 244ni