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A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER -Devoted ta Politics, the Markets, Foreign and Domestic News, Literature. Agriculture, and General Informaiion--TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE.
WILLTAM J. YATES, Editor and Proprietor. jr PAIETTEYILLE, K. C, SATURDAY, JANUAHY -13, 1855. VOLUME XV NO. S8. 4 1 TERMS OF" SrBSCRIPTION TO THE CAROLISIAX. For a single copy, if paid in advance, per annum, $2 00 " " " at the end of 3 months, 2 50 " " " a' the cnd of 6 months, 3 00 " " at the end of the year, 3 50 No subscription will lie received for a shorter period than one year unless paid in advance. With the view of extending the circulation and en hancing the usefulness of the paper, the proprietor of fers the following remarkably low CLUJ1 R.1 TE S, IWARIABLY AWAJVCE: 5 copies of the Carolinian, 1 year, $8 00 j0 " " '"''." 15 00 Letters oa business must be addressed to the under signed, and must be post paid. : - Bates of Adertistor : Sixty cents per sqnare of 1C lines for the first and thirty cents for each snliscquent insertion, unless the advertisement is published for more than two months, when it will be charged For three months, ----- S4 00 For six months, ----- 6 00 For twelve months, - - - - - 10 00 SA11 advertisements mnst be handed in by Friday 10 o'clock, a.m., to ensure their insertion in the next day's paper, and should have the desired nnmlwr of in sertions marked on them, ortherwise they will be in serted till forbid and charged accordins-ly. "WM." J. YATES. HAIL ARaWSEKESTS. FAYETTEVILLE POST OFFICE. Raleigh Mail, (2 horse coach.) Due Daily at Ci a. m. Closes daily at :ii p. m. Warsaw Mail (4 horse coach.) Due daily, except Sunday, at 0 o'clock, a. m. Closes daily, except Saturday, at 3 p. m. Cheraw Mail, (Snlkey.) Due Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 1J a. m. Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 12J p. m. Wilmikhton' (via FJizabethtown) Snlkey. Due Sunday, Vt'ednesday, ar-rt Friday, at 1 a. m. Closes Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday, at 9 p. m. Salek Mail, on Plank Road, 2 horse hack. Due Sunday, Wednesday and Friday, at 3 p. m. Closes Monday. "Wednesday and Friday, at 3 j p. m. Marion C. II. (via Lumber! on) Snlkey. Due Tuesday and Saturday, at 10 p. in. CIokcs Wednesday and Saturday, at 9 p. m. Swift Islaxu Mail (via Troy). Due Tuesday at 6 p. m. Closes Tuesday at 9 p. ni. Mail to Strickland's Depot. Due Tuesday at 2 p. ui. Closes Tuesday at 2 p. m. Mail to Ei.izarethtowx (via Terebinth.) Due Wednesday at 7 p. in. Closes Monday at 9 p. tn. J. E. liRYAX, P. M. M AHBLE F A C T O IS. Y, P,V GEO. LAUDEK. Kearly opposite to E. W. Willklngs" Auction Store, Favettcville, X. C. Oct. 1, 1S.13.- y NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS, Opposite the Cape Fear Bank. JONES Is, LETT Have now in Store a Ir.rge and handsome Stock of FA EE & WINTER GOODS, Selected during the past month, by one of the firm, in the New York Market, comprising a large Stock of I Staple and Fancy DRY HOODS, Foots, Shoes avd Umbrellas, Together with a largo assortment of fine FAMILY GROCERIES, Confectioneries. Ac. all of which they an prepared to olfcr to their customers, and all ihose wishing to purchase select goods, at the lowest market prices. .5T0r- Produce taken in exchange for goods. REFBEX JONES. '- W. LETT. Sept. 1, 1S.V1. y-pd A. 33. Campbell, AVCTIOSEKR & COMMISSION MERCIU5T, East side of Gillespie street, Faykt rKvii.LE, N. C. October 1, 1854. BARGAINS! BARGAINS!! The undersigned has now i.i Store his Fall and Win ter stock of GOODS, consisting of a general assort ment of DRY GOODS A.D GROCERIES, Hats, Caps, Bonnets, Boots and Shoes, Sa'tinets. Cas simres. Einseys. Flannels. Muslin-de-Eains, Alpaccas. Shawls. Cravats. Sec. Cod'ee. Sugar, Molasses. ToWae co. &-;. &:. Also, a general and well selected stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING, consisting of Coats, Vests. Pants. Shirts and Under-shirts. Adamantine: sperm aud pearl Candles; pepper, spice, salaratus, starch, line chewing tobacco, Ac. Produce taken in exchange for Goods at market prices. R. D. DAVIS. North side of Person St., next door to F. D. Breece. X. B. All persons indebted to me by note or ac count are respectfully requested to call and settle im mediately, aft longer indulgence will not be given. Oct. 1, 1&4 y K. J). D. WASTED. . A man with a small family to take charge of my Plantation near Favettcville. on the first of Jannary ncxt, as an Overseer. Evidence of sober and indus trious habits will be required, Dec 2d. tf .FXO. WADDILL, Jr. IJAVIO McUUF'F'EE, BRICK MASON AND PLASTERER, Fiy-tc--llIc, Si. C. Persons wanting work done in his line will be promptly attended to by addressing him at the Fayette viile Post Ollice. Fayetteville, Jan"y 28, 1854 lv-pd FEARCE &. F-EIIOITSOSJ, Wholesale dealers in Foreign and Domestic DIIY GOODS, Hals, Caps, Foots, Shoes, Umbrellas, o.nd READY-MADE CLOTHING. North side Hay street, Fayettkvii.le, X. C. jJK?"- Strict attention paid to orders. B. F. PEARCE. July 15, 1854 J. B. FERGUSON. TEAS! TEAS!! Hyson, Imperial and Oolong, all of first qunlitv. for sale by M. X. SMITH." Nov. 9, 19-tf , DISSOLUTION. The firm of G. W. I. GOLDSTON & CO. is this day dissolved by mutual consent. , ' ? G. W. I. GOEDSTOX. . ,. 11. W. GOLDSTON. .Nov. 17 th, 1854. . THE RUT5SCRD3ER having"purchased the interest ; " GoWstn n the late firm of G. W. I. Gold ston & Co., will still continue to carry on the Grocery Mrwre BnriueH at the old stand. He invites all his friends to call on him when they come to market, and he will try to make himself useful. '. " " ' G. W. I.'GOLDSTOX. ' Xov. 17th, 1S$4. 20-tf: . 5 FALL STOCK, 1854. STARR & WILLIAMS Have now in Store a LARGE STOCK OF J)R Y GOOD S, Ilats, Ca;-s, Boots, Shoes, Silk and Straw. Bonnets, Umbrellas, and Ready-made Clothing, Which will be sold to WHOLESALE BUYERS, exclusively. . 1 The attention of Merchants is particularly invited to this Stock. Orders solicited and satisfaction guar antied. J. B. STARR. J. M. WILLIAMS. Aug..' 16, 1S54. SOT-tf "' 1 8 5 4. FALL AND WINTER GOODS. Our Fall and Winter Stock of DRY GOODS, HARDWARE. BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS, Bonnets, and RE.ll) Y-MA I)E CLOTIILYG, Is now in Store and ready for inspection, embracing by far the largest and most extensive assortment we have ever ottered to the trade, and is well worthy the examination of every Merchant visiting this place. Particular aiteution paid to orders. HALL fc SACKETT. August 1), 1851 FALL, 1854. rrnr firm and nejy goods. PEARCE & FERGUSON Are now receiving their Fall and Winter Stock of DRY GOODS, TIat, Caps, Bonnets, Umbrellas, Parasols, Boots, and Shoes, &c. Vc. With an extensive assortment of Ready-made Clothing. All of which they offer to purchasers at low prices and upon accommodating terms. From long experience!, and by strict, attention to business, thev hope to merit a share of public patronage. B. F. PEARCE. J. B. FERGUSON. Favettcville, Aug, 17, 1S54. 8()7-tf SIIEMWELL A- McDONALD, (Successors to P. Sheniwel,) Dealers in' Staple axo Fancy DRY GOODS, BOOTS AND SHOES. HATS AXD CAPS, Also a general assortment of Straw A Silk BONNETS. In addition to our stock now on hand, which is verv good, we will in a few days receive a new supply of SE.iSO.WlliLE GOODS, Which we will sidl low for cash or on reasonable time to punctual customers. W. B. SIIEMWELL. a. x. McDonald. Fast side Greeit Street. Fayetteville, Sept 23, 1854. y J A M E S KYLE Is now receiving his Fall Supply of DRY GOODS, Roofs and Shoes, Hals, Cops, Umbrellas, -r Among which are. French and English Merinos, very cheap, Muslin dcLnins and Alpaccas. Brocade, plaid anil plain Silks. Musliu ami Bobinct. Sleeves and Collars. Merino and other Shawls, long and square, Calico and Ginghams, Silk arid Cotton Handkerchiefs, Best made Boltinar Cloths. A large stock of READY-MADE CLOTHING, With many other Goods, all of which being purchased ' uv tue pactcage ar tlie late r-um-ol jinces. will be oll'ered wholesale or retail at very low prices. " September 15, 1854. PALL AXD WITER GOODS. J. $- T. WAD DIET., II A V STREET. Are now receiving their Fall and Winter GOODS, consisting of a large and well selected stock of GROCERIES Hardware, Cutlery, Blacksmith & Tur pentine Tools. Agricultural Imple ments, 1 1 ATS and CAPS, Boots ami Shoes, Saddlery and Leather, Heavy articles in the Drug line, Ready-made Clothing, and staple Dry Goods. This Stock wc arc ireparejl to job or retail Fayetteville, Oct. 24, 1854. JCSfWe ask the Planters and Turpentine: men to examine onr Kerseys, Negro Blankets, I Ilats tind Shoes. Bl'TTKH) n utw supply. 100 Firkins (Valley Virginia) Butt-erf 50 " Ashe county Butter. Nov 24. 21-tf GEO. McNEILL. Eartlicn Ware. I have now in Store (received within two weeks past) the LARGEST STOCK of EARTHEN WARE ever offered iit this Market, comprising a gen eral assortment of BLUE and FINK PRJXTJSd, WHITE GRANITE, FLUE EDGED, FAINTED, avd CREAM COLORED Dinner, Tea, and Toilet Ware. These G oods were imported to my own order, exi'Ressly to suit the Fayette villo Wholesale Trade ; : I have as nsunl, a good supply of CHINA avd GLASS WARE. JGST" Orders will be carefully filled at the lowest prices. W. N. TILLING n AST. Dec. 9, 1854. 23-tf lOOO Spirit Tnrpenfipe Cnxks, JV0 W OJ" HAJD AJVD FOR SALE, At $2 25, cash. Interest will be chaiged on accounts for Barrels after .50 days. Orders , for Barrels left at the Store of Messrs Cook & Johnson, or at James G. Cookrs, will be attended to. ,' i ALSO 125,000 BRICK will be ready for delivery about the I5th of 'October from my Brick Yard in Campbellton. G. W. LAWRENCE. Mary's Garde:;, Sept. 28, 1854 , .. 18-tf ' ; ' NOTICE, : Persons indebted to the subscribers by account must positively pay np. Longer indulgence cannot be given. ' , BRYAN & YATES. "BILLIARD, TABLES FOR SALE. I have TWO good Billiard Tables' with all the fix tures, which I will dispose of on reasonable terms if application be made soon. . ' . JAMES riALES, - Sept. 9, 1854. 810-tf ; Vr -' : MAIiE AND FEDIAIiG SCHOOL. - ' The Trustees of the CAPE FEAR ACADEMY gff notice that the Institution will open on Wednesday the i!2d of January, 1855. under the charge of A. G. Walcott. A. M-, Principal, and suitable female Teach ers. Mr Walcott takes charge of the Institution high ly recommended from one of the first institutions in the city of New York, having been one of the Princi pals of said institution for the last three- years, aud a Virginian hy birth aad education. ,; Ttrm of Tuition: For the Primary Classes, per session, $6 For the higher branches, " $12 and $20 One half payable in advance, the other at the close ' . ' ' of the session. Board famished at the Steward's Hall, aud in the vicinity, at $S per month. . Location for health, salibrity and morality surpas sed by few; situated a distance of three miles from the Cape Fear River. Ac. ';- JOHN T. COUNCIL Prospect Hall. Sec"y of Board Trustees. Bladen county. Jan. 1. 1855. A CARD. The subscriber respectfully begs leave to annnnnce to the Ladies of Fayetteville and vicinity, that the numerous solicitations he has had to give instructions on the Piano, have induced him to devote part of his time to it. He is now prepared to commence giving Lessons, and will be happy to receive, applications. His terms will be verv moderate. C1IAS. KLIFFMULLER. PiT- Particular attention will be paid to the tuning and repairing of Pianos. January tith. 27-ft NEGROES FOR. SALE. The .subscriber, as Executrix to the last Will and Testament of Jos. W. Evaus, will expo.se to public sale at the Market House in Fayetteville, on the 2lth day of January. 1K55, upon a credit of six months, the following S LAVES: Eliza, aged 28 years, an excellent cook, and well trained servant; Maria, aged six years, child of Eliza; and Handy, aged 15 years, a valuable boy. Purchaser will be required to give bond with good security before the property is changed. JANE M. EVANS. Executrix. Jany fi. 1855. 27-:;t N O T I C 12 . I have this day purchased the entire interest of R. S. Cain in the linn of Council. Cain & Co. JOHN T. COUNCIL. Dec. 27, 1851. PCKTIIKll JVOTICE. The firm of Council, Cain &. Co. is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Those indebted to the late linn will plea-e cull an. 1 settle those indebted by account by giving their notes or otiierwise. The business will be continued by Council v Ray, and the business of the late firm will be closed by them. JOHN T. COUNCIL. ALEX. RAY. Dec. 27, 185 1. 27-4 1 Desirable Tuuu P'opert y for Sale. M We will sell our newly IMPROVED LOT, on the corner of Cool Spring Street and Cooi Spring Alley. The buildings have all Ih-cu constructed in the last 12 months. tvery thing iu neat order, aud ready for the reception of a funf.lv. J. & T. WADDILL. Jan'v 1, 155. UNION ACADEMY. The exercises of this School will be resumed the 1st day of January, under the supervision of Jiev. W. L. Wallace, late of Furmaii University, S. C, who comes t us arrayed with the very best recommendation as to scholarship and gentlemanly lwnring. The Acad emy is a large two-storied building, situated in a beau tiful anil healthy place on the lhuleusville road, 12 miles from Luiuhcrton. X. "., in the neighborhood of Cnpt. E. Ashley, Dr. J. McK. A 1 ford, Colonel John A Bol.uul. .fos'li Thompson. Townson A Price. Neur to tin- Academy is a large and commodious building built for the express purpose of entertaining boarders, now kept by Dr. John S. Kolaiid, a very excellent and high-toned gentleman. Every convenience is made to render the School prosperous and nourishing. There will be three classes: l.-t. Embracing Spelling & Beading, per session, i-'t 2d. English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, Philosophy. Astronomy, Botany. Composi tion, Elocution, great care to writing, 3d. Latin. Greek. Algebra. Geometry, Survey ing, Logic and Rhetoric, with original propositions aud problems given to test scholarship, per session of 5 months, $12 JOSEPH THOMPSON, Pres't. Jonx Tayi.oh. Sec"v. bccinbcr 27lh. ' 2fi-3t NOTICE. ROBESON INSTITUTE. The next session of this Institute will commence on the 1st Monday in January next, nnder the super vision of the liev. G. B. Scott and Lady. His success during the former session has clearly evinced that he is second to none in his profct-siou as a teacher, and his equal we have not iound. Airs Scott is an experi enced ami. we doubt not. an etlictual teacher. Eitbits will be made to have the Steward's Hall in the occu pancy of a suitable incumbent. Tuition pavable one-half in advance. W. H. WILLIS, Treas. December If., 1854 24-4 1 MEDICAL CHESTS, Suitable for Pbysieians or Planters, a good assort ment just received and for sale by J. X. SMITH, nec. 16. 24-lm SPECIAL KOTICE. The Subscriber takes this method of informing per sons indebted to him cither by note or account, that longer indulgence cannot mid will not be given. All notes and accounts not cashed by the 10th of January, 1W5, will be placed iu the hands of officers for collec tion. PETER P. JOHXSOX. December 16, 185 J. 24-3t KOIt C orKHSI COLDS ! 1 Wistar's Cough Lozenges, Bose and Lemon Gum Drops, Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, Wistar's Balsam, of Wild Cherry, Javne's Expectorant, Pure Cod Liver Oil, (R, & C) For sale by J. N. SMITH, Druggist. 24-lin Dec. 16. FOR SALE. The HOUSE AND LOT opposite the residence of E. J. Hale, Esq, now occupied by J. E. Bryan. Also, three line building LOTS on Haymount, join ing the residence of T. S. Lntterloh and Win. Broad foot, Esq'rs, having on them numerous fine shade trees and convenient to the purest water in the county. Apply to GEO. S. HODGES. December 16, 1854 24-6t WIDE AWAKE. I have just received a few dozen "Wide Awake" nATS for men, boys and children. j DAVID GEE. - December 16, 1854 St CARTHAGE INSTITUTE. The next session opens January Sth. Terms as heretofore. ... . A. R. BLACK, Principal. Carthage, Dec 20. 3t. ; -WM. M. BLACK, Assistant. " - y-, ;-j; ALMANACS, " A good supply jf Farmers & Planters and - Turner & Hughes, for sale at the Fayetteville Book Store, by . . v i -. ; A. E, TAYLOR. ,. NORTH CAROLINIAN. FAYETTEVILLE. JV". C. Bank of the State. . A general annual meeting of the stockholders of the Bank of the State, was held at their banking house in Raleigh on the 1st inst. The following gentlemen were elected directors on the part of the private stockholders: Geo. W. Mordecai, John II. Bryan, Jos. B. G. Ilonlhac, Wm. : Pearce, Bat. P. Moore, Alfred Jones, Win. Boy lan. . Gov. Bragg appointed Wm. R. Pool and L. O'B. Branch, directors on behalf of the State. n ,Tlie following resolution was passed at this meeting: " .. ... Resolved, That so much of the Bye-Taws as pro vides that the general meeting of the stockhol ders shall be held on the first Monday in January, at which time the election of directors shall take place, be repealed, and hereafter the general meeting of the stockholders of the bank shall be held on the first Monday in July in each and every year, and that the election of directors of the bank shall hereafter be made on the first Monday in July in each and every year. Da. Graham in Statf. vrisojc. Pr. Robert M Graham, convicted of the manslaughter of Col. Loring at the St. Nicholas Hotel in Au gust last, and sentenced to the State prison for seven years, was (says the New York Tribune) yesterday taken from the Tombs and conveyed to Sing Sing. It is understood that Graham will be placed in the medical department of the prison as assistant physician. The convict, be fore leaving, spoke kindly of the efficient war den of the city prison, Mr John Gray, from whom and his assistants he has received many favors during his incarceration. Sad OccrRREXcE. We are pained to state, that on Tuesday of last week, Col. Abxf.r Par ker, of Red mountain, in this county, committed suicide hy cutting his throat with a razor. He died, as we learn, in fifteen minutes after com mitting the act. He had been deeply afflicted in the loss of all his children by consumption; and. to this was added about twelvemonths ago a severer affliction in the loss of his wife. Op pressed with grief for these bereavements, he was also afflicted with a tendency of blood to the head, frequently indicated symptoms threat ening apoplexy. These preyed upon him, and it is supposed that his mind was upset, aud in a fit or derangement the fatal act was perpetra ted. Col. Tai ker was about sixty-one years of age, and was highly esteemed in the cotinty for his intelligence, public spirit, and hospitality. His loss will be mourned by a large circle of friends and acquaintances. Jlillslcrovgh Re corder, Jan. 3. Brutal mtrher ok a wife. The New York Express of Tuesday gives the following particu lars of the brutal murder of a wife by her husband still another victim of rum's doings: "Last evening, about seven o'clock, Thomas Hammond was arrested by Sergeaut Dwyer and Officer McCarty, in the basement of 34 Trinity Place, for "the murder of his wife. 'Shortly after the occurrence,' says Captain Ilalpin, of the First Ward police, 'I entered the basement, and the picture there presented was heart-rending in the extreme. There lay the deceased on the bed, all covered with blood, with tlte right cheek iinl temple completely beat in, where deceased had been knocked against the stove, with several of tlte same cuts in her face and body. Hammond was found lying alongside of the deceased, with his arm around her person, and he perfectly reckless or unaware of the deed which he had committed. The walls and floor were covered with blood, and everything in disorder, as if a struggle had taken place. A child: of the ac cused, six years of age, was the only witness to what occurred. Hammond is thirty-four years of age, of intemperate habits, a native of Ireland, and was a hard-working ma n.'" A Cim.n Beatex to Death by its Parents. Last evening we accompanied Coroner Dela vau, who was called to hold an iutpicst upon the body of a child named Paulina Bear, aged four years and three months, alledgcd to have been beaten to death by her parents. We pro ceeded to a dirty-looking hovel in ljathbury s court, running south from Bedford street, be tween Fifth and Sixth streets, and found our selves among a number of German and Irish families. The body of the child was laid out in the garret. It was almost a skeleton, and from head to foot, bore the most dreadful marks of brutal treatment. There were cuts and bruises upon its legs and arms. The abdomen was nearly black, while the frontal bone of the head appeared to be fractured. It was truly a shocking sight. The jury being empannellcd, the following facts were elicited: The mother of the child, who is a German ! woman, was married to a man named Francis Bear, a cooper by trade, last August. About two months ago, the couple took up their re sidence in a house with an Irish family, named Mann, in Lathbury's court. There, about five weeks ago, the child, Paulina, then a fine, hearty-looking girl, was taken ill with the diarrhoea. No Doctor was procured, and the little girl was left to suffer with the disease. This alone would haye been a quantum svfficil of brutality ; but two of the witnesses, Ann Mann and Catharine Grantz, testified positively that the chilu was repeatedly beaten by both Bear and his wife, but particularly by Bear. On. Christmas day, and afterwards. Miss Grantz interferred when Bear was beating the child in a savage manner. On a certain day the witness did not recollect the precise time Mrs Mann was alarmed by hearing the screams of the poor child, as Bear was beating her with a strap, a shoe, and other things. She went up stairs and found the child lying naked on the floor, and'tcrribly cut and bruised. She took the child down stairs, and gave it some gin to revive it, and thefl did all in her power to re lieve its sufferings. Soou after this, Bear and his wife removed to the opposite side of the court, to a house chiefly occupied by a German family, named Neiberd. : There th6 child died about twelve : o'clock on Saturday. ; Bear left the house : last Thursday, and has not been beard from since. -Philadelphia, United States Gazette. - ' " : . , CUMBERLAND COUNTY COURTS. A Fill to create a Court ' of Common Picas for the County of Cumberland, and for other pur poses. ' ' '"' '"'' ' ' -; '. Sec. 1 Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North CaroIina,and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That on the first Thursday of August, which shall be in the year, of our Lord one thousand eight hun dred and fifty-five, and every four years there after, polls shall be opened nt the several elec tions or precincts in the county of Cumberland, under the same rules and regulations as elections for members of the General Assembly are con ducted, for the election of some person of integrity, ability and learning in the law, to be the Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, of said county, and all persons qualified to vote for members of the House of Commons in said county,"" shall be entitled to rote at said election, and the person having the highest number of votes in said election, shall be chosen, and the sheriff shall cause the same to be certified to the Gov ernor, who shall, commission him accordingly. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the per son so chosen shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor is chosen and qualified, and in case of a vacancy in said office from any cause, or of disability of the in cumbent, the county court of Cumberland, twen ty justices being present, shall proceed to elect some person of integrity, ability and learning in the law to fill such vacancy or to act until such disability be removed; but no person shall be competent to act as Judge, or perform any judicial act, until he shall have taken the oath appointed for the qualification of public officers, and an oath of office before some Judge of the Superior or Supreme court, or in open court in the county court of Cumberland : Provided, however, that any person elected nnder this act may be removed from office upon impeachment. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That there shall be held in the county of Cumberland, quarterly, on the firt Tuesday of September, December, March and June, a Court of Com mon Pleas, over which said judge shall preside, which may continue its sitting from day to day ten days, if the business of the court require it, and which shall have cognizance of all actions and pleas, civil and criminal, of which the coun ty court of Cumberland now has jurisdiction; aud the said judge shall be competent to hold the term of said' court, and shall and may take cognizance, and have full power and authority and jurisdiction to hear, try, and determine all causes of a civil nature whatever, at common law, where the defendants, or one of them, re side in his county, where the original jurisdic tion is not by any act of the General Assembly confined to a single magistrate, or to the Supreme or Superior court, of all penalties in curred by violation of the penal statutes of the State, or the laws passed by the Congress of the United States, whereby jurisdiction is given to the courts of the several States, of suits for dower, partition of land, filial portions, lega cies, and distributive shares of intestates, and of all matters relating thereto; he shall have power to try, hear, aud determine all matters and things relating to orphans, idiots, and luna tics, and the management of their estates in like manner as courts of chancey exercise juris diction, and to the extent to which the county courts now exercise the satae, to try, hear, and determine all criminal cases where judgment upon conviction, shall not extend to life, limb, or member, and all other cases where jurisdic tion and power is given by law to the Courts of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of this State; the said Judge hall have ex vjflcio, within his county the power and authority of a Justice of the Peace to arrest, commit, bind over or bail any offender of the law to the court having jurisdic tion of the offence. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That he shall have the power and authority as is by law con ferred upou any Judge of the Superior Court, to take the acknowledgment or probate of any deed or bill of sale, or any other instrument which may by the laws of this State be required to be registered, he may take the privy examina tion of any feme cover t who may be a party to any deed or instrument requiring registration, in the same way as is now required by law, ami the same upon his order shall be admitted to registration, and shall be to oil intents valid and of like force as if taken before any Judge of the Superior or Supreme Court; he may in vacation graut writs of recordari facias Ltquelum , or false judgmeuts, to remove auy proceedings which shall be had before auy justice of his cotity into the said counrt of Common Pleas, under the same rules and regulations as are now prescribed by law for the removal of the cases to the Superior Court,, and hereafter no writ of false judgment shall run from the Superior Court of Cumberland to any magistrate of said county, to remove aiiy proceedings be fore him to the Snjerior Court, but the same shall be returnable into the court of Common Pleas. He may issue commissions to take the testimony, shall have exclusive power to grant administrations, or take the probate of wills, which he may do in vacation, twenty days notice having been given iu two or more public papers of the day appoiuted for such purpose, for all persons having interest thereiu to be present? Provided, however, that if objections be made to the probate of auy , will, and an issue of rfe-, visavit vel non be tendered, the same shall stand for trial at the next succeeding term of the court, and have the preference over all other causes on the docket; he shall have the power of appointing guardians, - and shall have, exer cise and enjoy all the power, authority and jurisdiction, criminal and civil, which now is or hereafter may be conferred on the said Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, (except as is hereafter reserved to the County Courts) under the same rules, regulations and usages as now exist. 1 - " .. Sec. " 5. Be it further enacted, That the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county of Cumberland, shall hereafter be styled the Comi ty Court of Cumberland,' and shall be held by the justices thereof, ; twenty at least being pre seritj who may. be competent to net,, and shall have exclusive power of levying taxes, binding out orphans, appointing overseers of roads, patrols, licensing retailers and transacting the county business. The said ; court shall sit on the first Mduday of September, ' December, March and June, and shall continue in sessiou one day ; the said ' justices shall elect a chair man who shall preside over their deliberations, aud if by any casualty the court do not meet on that day, or there he any imperious necessity for an extra session, the said chairman shall have power to convene the? said court on reason able notice; the said court shall have power at its meeting to take bonds of the sheriff, coroner, conMable, elerbs or - other ; officers as now re quired by law, and shall have, retain and enjoy all the anthority and power they now have, by' any law touching the election and qualification of public officers j the said court at its session in June 1855, shall draw the number of jurors required by -law as heretofore, and shall issue writs of scire facias to the sheriff of Cumber land county, to summon the same to the Sep tember term, 1855, of the Court of Common Pleas, and regularly every court thereafter, shall in like manner draw jurors and issue writ of scire' facias, retnrnable ii; like , manner, and in case the wanty eonrts- dmli neglect to draw said jurors, the sheriff attended by three free holders, shall proceed to drnw the jnrors in like manner, and shall certify the same to the County Court Clerk who shall issne writs accordingly. Sec. 6. Be it farther enacecd, That the clerk of the County Court shall ear officio be clerk of the court of Common Pleas, and shall authen ticate the acts of the" said court with the seal of the County County Court, whenever the same, by any existing law or usage, may be necessary. Sec. 1. Be it further enacted, That the said Judge may be selected from the State at large, but he shall reside in the county of Cumberland ; he shall be paid out of the county funds such snm as the County Court may direct, .'not-less thau three hundred dollars per annum, payable quarterly; he shall be entitled to receive the sum of two dollars on every sait or action brought, to be paid by the plaintiff', and laid in the bill of cost; on every indietment two dol lars, to be taxed against every defendant. In case he he convicted j awd if case of acquitalfl, or insolvencies on conviction, to be paid by the county trustee on the certificate of the clerk; on every grant of administration, two dollars; on the appointment of every guardian, one dollar. An execution may issue therefor. . Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That from and after tlte first of June 1855, there shall no ap peal be allowed to the Cotinty or Superior Conrt of Cumberland from the decision or judg ment of any single magistrate, bnt appeal may and shall lie granted to the Courts of Common Pleas under like roles as now arc observed and required in appeals to the said conrt. Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That there shall be no appeal allowed to the Superior Conrt for any judgment, sentence decree of the Common Pleas, but when, any party shall be dissatisfied therewith, he may appeal there from to the Supreme Court; and the same shall be granted and certified trntfef the same rule and regulations as are now prescribed by law, in case of appeals from the Superior Court to the Supreme Court. Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That after the June Term, 1855, of Cumberland County Court, the trial and appearance docket, and all papers connected with any cause or petition, civil or criminal, pending in said court undis posed of, shall be removed into the court of Common Pleas, and stand there for trial, in like manner as if originating there, and all wit- . nesses recognized shall be bound over to said court, and witnesses under mibprena, and parties under obligation to Vie and appear before the County Court, shall be held to appear at the court of Common Pleas. Sec. 11. Be it further enncted, That here after, all jurors of the regular panel, and all witnesses sntninoiird to attend any term of the Superior Court, Court of Common Pleas or County Court, when snch juror or witness re sides more than ten miles from the courthouse, shall be allowed a per diem compensation of one dollar and fifty cents, and in addition to their mileage, pix cents per mile for every mile travelled to and from the said courts, by the usual way of travel. Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That when anj enpiasad satisfaciendum shall issne upon the judgment of a single magistrate, and the party therein he miudcd to avail himself of the acts in force for the relief of insolvent debtors, he shall give bond for his appearance at the next term of the Court of Common Pleas, in the like manner, ami under the same rules and regulations as are now prescribed and in force, directing said bonds to be given, conditioned for his appearance at the County Court. Sec 13. Be it further enacted, That tho County Attorney, appointed by the County Conrt, shall attend the Conrt of Common Pleas in like manner, and be entitled to receive the same fees for like services R6 are now allowed by law in the County Court. Sbc. 14. Be it further enacted, That nothing herein contained shall be so const rned as to prevent the Judge of the said conrt from prac ticing as an attorney in any other court. Later fraa Earape. The royal mail steamer Asia has arrived. She sailed from Liverpool on the 23d nit. The political and war news is of an unim portant character. The intelligence from the Crimea possesses no marked interest. No further fighting had taken place. The allies were still busy in their attempts fully to invest Scbastopol. The bom bardment continued, but the fire was not brisk or effective. Large reinforcements had reached the allies. The Russians also had been heavily reinforced. The movement of Omer Pasba had been at tended with considerable success. We have further accounts of very severe storms in the Black Sea. The French and English troops were suffer ing extremely from the severity of the weather, Prussia has sent a special envoy to London, Rumor says that he is intrusted by his gov ernment with a proposition for an alliance with the western powers. The two . houses of the British Parliament are wholly absorbed with the war question. The debates arc of the most interesting and evcu exciting character. ' ..fc--fc..-.---.---.-.--..-.-.-... A ' Beautiful Present. We had the pleas nre of beinr present at an interesting scene in the Chapel of Greensboroogh Pemale College, on Wednesday evening the 27th December; on which occasion, the Facnlty and Pupils of tho Institution presented the Re,' C. F. Decms D. D., late President, a beautiful and costly set of plate, as a testimonial of their love; anil a reward for his antiriug efforts to promote the welfare of the1 College during the' last fou ye&rsjr--Greensboto' Patriut. v " v