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11 Jl A WEEKLY XEVSPAPER---Devoted to Politics, the Markets, Torei-ii and Domes ; Ncfrs, Literature, Agriculture, and General InformatioFi----TWO DOLLARS IN ADVANCE. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, SX lURDAY SEPTEMBER 27. 1850. WM. F. WIGHT MAN & CO. Proprietors, Wm. F. Wightman Editor. J VOLUiME XVIII NO. 917. Tin H TERMS Of SUBSCRIPTION TO THE CAUOLIMA3 Tor a single copy, if paid in advance, per annum, 2 00 " at the end of 3 months, 2 50 " " at the end of G months, . 3 00 " " " at the end of the year, 3 50 No euljcription will le received for a shorter period han one year unless paH in advance. With the view of ext'-nding the circulation and en hancing the usefulness of the paper, the proprietor of" fers the following remarkably low CLUB RATES, IJVV.1I11ABLY IJ AWJUVCE: 5 copies of the Carolinian, 1 year, $ff 00 20 i f " 15 00 Rates of Advertising: Sixty cents per square of 1G lines, or lens, for the first and 30 cents for each subsequent insertion, unless the ft5Tertisem:nt is published for more than two months, when it will be charged For three months, ----- $4 0 For six months, - - - - 6 00 For twelve months, ----- 10 00 All advertisements must have the desired number of in. Portions marked on them, ortherwise they will be in serted till forbid and charged accordingly. WM. F. WIGHTMAN & CO. CF,RMEXT O. WRIGHT, AMnrnry at Law, KayctteTille, Bf. C. Office at the corner of Bow and Green streets. Feb'y 3. 1?;"3. J. A. SPEARS, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ATTENDS the Courts of Cumberland, Harnett, Wake and Johnston. Address, Tomner, Harnett Co., N. C. Feb. 1G, 1856. 8."-y DR. K. A. BLACK. OFFICE Front Rooms, orer Dr. S- J. Hinsdale' Chemist and Drug Store. Feb'y 7, 1350. 84-tf JAMES C. DAVIS, A T T O It N E Y AT I. A W All business intrusted will be promptly attended to Addre.! .fo.itp :lier pott o.Jlce, Richmond county, N.C October 1, 1.V. ly M A II 11 I K BV GEO. FACTOR. Y, LAUDER. Nearly opposite to E. W. WiUkings' Auction Store, Fayetteville, N. C. Oc. 1. 1855. JAMKS KVr.E IS now receiving His SPRING SUPPLY of CHEAP GOODS, among which are Irish Linen., Lawns and Diapers, F.rtvicb. Scotch, and Domestic Lawns, Calicoes French. English and Domestic, French. Scotch and Domestic Ginghams, Hmbroid'd and Plain ('rape Shawls and Scarfs. 3-4 to 10-4 Bleached Shirting and Sheeting, French and Irish Linen Drilling, Black and Colored Silks, Bonnets and Bonnet Ribbon, P.olting Cloths, Nos. 5 to 10, Joseph Repka's Cottonades, Colored Granadine and Barege. Linen Cambric Handkerchiefs, assorted, Blay Linens, 3-4 to 4-4, very cheap, With rnanv other articles', all of which have been purchased by the Package at the lowest rates, and will be offered at the lowest price, by wholesale or retail, for Cash or on time to punctual customers. March '10, 185 fi. NOTICE. All persons indebted to the firm of W. F. E. F. Moore, are requested to come forward and make payment, as their copartnership ceased on the 1st of March 1S56. W. F. &. E. F. MOORE. June 9, 1856. 2-tf. S25 lie ward. Ranaway from the subscriber on the 1st of April last, a negro man named Rand, about six feet high, about 30 years of age, and black. Said negro is sup posed to be lurking in the neighborhood of John Bell or James McKelhan. The above reward will be paid to any person de livering said negro to me at Locksville, Chatham co.. K. C, or confining him in any Jail in the State where I can get him. NATHAN KING. June 25. 1856. 4-tf L U M F E R . A lot of Seasoned FLOORING BOARDS for sale. J. & T. WADDILL. May 24, 1350. EDJVLX GLOVER, AVateli Ma"krr and Jeweller, At the old Stand, North side of Hay Street. FAYETTEVILLE. HAS just returned from the Ncfith with the largest Stock of Goods he has ever offered in this market, which he will sell at very low prices. Among his as sortment may be found Gold and Silver Watches of all kinds, some very fine; Gold Fob. Vest and Guard Chains; Seals and Spectacles of all kinds; Breast Kevs; Fob Buckles; Pins and Ear Rings in sets something hue; all kinds Gold Peucils with Pens; of Finirer Rings: Bracelets; Gold Lockets; Studs; Collar and Sleeve Buttons; Gold Pen and Pencils with Inula liuuoer oases, a new article; Fine Pearl Card Cases; Pocket Compass, with Sun Dial connected; Coral Beads; Port Monnais; Jet Necklaces; fine Jet Pins; Accordeons; Music Boxes, Ac. SILVER WARE: Silver Forks; Silver Table .send Tea Spoons: Mustard and Salt Spoons; Silver Cups, Butter Knives, Fruit Knives. PLATED GOODS: Forks; Table and Tea' Spoons; Butter Dishes; Castors; Card Baskets; Ladies' Work JJoxes; a good assortment of Military Goods; a fine lot Clocks, aud very many other articles which Lis friends and the public are invited to examine. Strict attention paid to Watcif Rkpairixo. June 14. 2-3m- m L.aml for Sale. The subscriber offers for sale all his lands, viz: Half of the Winslow tract, cast of tha Cape Fear. The Daily landt122 acres, adjoining Evans. The Hall and Edwards lands in Bladen aud Cumberland,- f40 acres of the Summerville lands. Moore County lands, 2.5C0 acres. 19 lots in Averasboro". For particulars apply to P. Murphy. ROB'T T. BARKSDALTE, June 24,- 1S5G. 4-tf LA1) FOli SALE. ON Saturday, the 18th October, the subscriber will sell 400 acres of Laud, lying in Bladen county, on the east side and about 2 miles from the River. Terms usy' and made known ou day of sale. 3 W. J. MONROE. Sept. 6,- 14 ts TRUST SALE. By virtue of a Deed of Trust executed to me by James W. McAllister for purposes therein mentioned, I will offer for sale at the residence of said McAlister, on the Cape Fear River in the County of Harnett, on Saturday 27th of September, the following property, viz: That well known and valuable track of Land ou which the said McAlister resided; also, several other tracts of Land, three Negroes, three Mules, one Horse, Waggons, Carriages, Cattle, Hogs, Sheep, Corn, Fodder and Hay, Household and Kitchen fur niture, Farming utensils, and all articles mentioned iu said Deed of Trust. Terms made known at Sale. All creditors will do well to attend. ALSX'R MURCIIISON, Trustee. Sept. 6, 1856. 14-ts. LOST, On the road between Mr Duncan McNeill's and Capt. McCal Ilium's, my Pocket Book, containing one note ou Johu McLeau, for fifty-two dollarsdated , eotnetjuM. hi lH34rfayable to Dr. II. McLean," with 1). M. Mc Cormick witness. This is to caution all persons from trading for said Note, and the maker from paying the same, to any one save myself or the Editor of the Carolinian. g. m, McNeill. Sept 0, 185G, 14-tf NOTICE. All persons indebted to C. C. BAR BEE k, CO. by note or account, are requested to pay within three months, we shall sell goods in the future for cash or prouuee. Highest casu prices paid tor Turpentine. C. C. BARB EE. C. S. BARBEE. Barclaysville, Aug. 23, 185G. 91 2-tf FAYETTEVILLE CLASSICAL ACADKMY. '.The Subscriber, having been appointed Principal of the Donaldson Academy, announces that the Institution will be opened ou WEDNESDAY, October 1st. It is his wish and intention to establish a Classical School of the highest grade, adopted to the wants of this community, and worthy of patronage from abroad. The location is healthy the buildings aud grounds ample and commodious. Strict attention will be paid to the preservation of proper discipline among the sluuenls, ana parents ana guardians residing at a distance are assured that the Principal will use his utmost efforts to exercise a salutary control over the morals of those entrusted to his care. In the department of Instruction, he will be assisted bv one or more able and experienced teachers. Information concerning terms of tuition and board, may be obtained by addressing. Rev. GEORGE McNEILL, Principal, Fayetteville. N. C August 23, 1S50. 12-tf STORE FOR RENT. Th Store on the corner of Gillispie and Franklin Streets near the Bank of the State applv to JOSEPH AREY. Aug2. 13-tf KEIV MACKEREL. 50 Barrels Mackerel Inspection 1S5G just received ALSO. 50 Boxes extra good Cheese for sale by PETER P. JOHNSON. Aug. 28. 13-tf Professor Wood's Hair for sale bv S. Aug. 35. 1S5C. 913-tf Restorative, J. HINSDALE. A CARD. The subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and acquaintances, that he has entered into business for himself, and taken the store one door below Mr Draughou, on Gillispie Street, near the Market, where lie intends to keep ou hand a general assortment of Dry Goods, Hoots and Shoes, Trunks, Hats, Hardware, Cutlery, and Fancy Goods. L. BRANDT. Aug 28. 13-2ra Green and t Aug. 30, 1856. Cluck Teas, best quality, S. J. II iN 3D ALE'S. 913-tf JAMES B. FERGUSON, ACCTIOXEER AND COMMISSION MERCHANT. Fayetteville, N. C. Solicits sales and consignments, to which he will give his personal attention. Kkfkukxces II. & E. J. Lilly, E. W. Willkings, W. Tillinghast. S. April 24, 185(5. Cm THIS FLOATISG BALLS Oil KSDCKLE WASIIIXG MACIIIVK. The subscriber having purchased the Right of the above Machine for the Counties of Cumberland and Harnett, is. now ready to furnish such as may be desirous of obtaining a Right. The machine is simple, both iu its structure and operations, and should any portion of it fail, can be easily and speedily repaired by any person having the use of tools. I do not claim for this machine move than what it is able to perforin with that description of labor which almost every family is able to supply, without at all interfering with tte ordinary duties. In the first place a child 12 or 15 years of age can perforin all the labor, after having seen it operate a few times, aud if the direc tions are adhered to, will do as much work in one day as three or four women in the ordinary way, and the work will be much better done. Below will be found a certificate from those who have purchased aud no? have in use one of these machines ISIIAM BLAKE. April 12, 1S56. 93-tf Favetteviu.e, :x. c Aprtf a. lf?56. We, the undersigned, having piu-chased of Mr lsham Blake one of the above machines, cordially recommend it to the favor of the Public. It washes very rapidly, and the work is much better done than is usually done in the old way, and with less wear to the Clothing. It far exceeds our expectations, and has only to be seen in operation to satisfy the most skeptical of its utility and economy. We have no doubt of its being generally used wherever introduced. D. G. MuRak. .Ino. D. Williams. W. J. Anderson, Wm. McIjac'kin, A. P. IIlRT, Jas. G. Smith, John D. Starr, Joseph A. Worth, A. J. O'IIani.on, David Wemyss. We in company with several other gentlemen, saw a four dollar bill which was very dirty and much defaced, put in and washed out by this machine, re moving all the dirty appearance of the bill, and leav ing it perfectly legible, which shows there is little or no rubbing produced iu washing fine articles. Frank N. Roberts, Jas. G. Smith. DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c. FALL STOCK, now receiving, by , S. J. HINSDALE. Aug. 30, lS5fi. 913-tf .PETER P. JOHNSON. IS now receiving his FALL STOCK OF GOODS.; His stock is large' the largest he ever offered for' sale, -consisting of DRY GOODS, Baffging, Rope, Leather,- Shoes, Hats, Nails, Fish, Sugar, Coffee, &c, which be will sell low at wholesale or retail. Pur chasers are respectfully requested to call and examine" for themselves. Aug. 30, 1856. 913-3t REMOVAL. G. W. I. GOLDSTON has removed to the Store recently occupied by Troy & Marsh, near the Dobbin House. Sept. 6th, 14-tf FAYETTEVILLE I . Female Hij:l School. FACULTY: ' . ' ' Rev'd WM. E. PELL, Principal, ' II. Coi-tox, Prof, of Languages and Mathemat Jas. Fbaz. J. Hunt. Prof, of French and Music, - ' Mrs. V. C. Pei.i.. Assistant in Music, h t Miss LizzrK IIatcjiei.i., Drawing and Painting Miss Ehilie Guthkie, Assistant in - Lit. Dcpartm ;t, Mrs. M. E. Hoiixk, Preparatory Department, Mm. Sarah A. Leete, Governess. THE THIRD Session of this Institution will CoOi mence ou MONDAY the lUtb-'.of, OCTOBER nt. The Scholastic year embraces. 40 weeks, divided Uto Sessions of 20 weeks, each. No vacation untH-Ihe close of the Scholastic' year. The- eoafse of attwiju is extensive and our arrangements are eompfe"teijrr.is r. .wl 3 .1 .uii.jkI IliaVnn ndia. Will K - ''.. 1 to give, satisfaction. . aB? 'We ha-.aMlS: ItMlMj Students te present at tlu opening of the bession. TERMS: Board per Session, Washing, Lights, Fuel, Rooms, &c, Tuition, in Primary Department, p:?r Session, " Academical Department, (first class,) " (second class.) 00 00 00 50 00 00 00 00 10 10 12 15 Collegiate " English branches, 15 'Latin or French, each 10 - Academical " " " " -" " Music on Piano or Guitar, each Use of Piano, " Wax work and Embroidery, each " Drawing. " Studies in Heads, Crayon and Pastille, " Oil Painting, 20 0Q' 3 0( , 5 uo 5 10 2C 00 00 00 Incidental expenses, fuel, &c., for Day Scholars, 1 00 Graduating fee. 5 00 Board and Tuition to be paid one-half in advance and the other half at the close of the Session. No deduction made for absence except when the pupil is confined by sickuess two weeks in succession. For further particulars address WM. E. PELL, Principal Fayetteville, Sept. 1, 1856. 14-4t 11LL TRADE, 1856. B. F. 1 10 A It C E IS NOW OPENING, a large and desirable Stock of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, . .... consisting in part of 1 Black aud Colored Silks, English and French .Merinos, Plain and Fig'd DeLanes, some beautiful patterns, Black and Fancy Alpacas, Edgings and Iusertings, Collars and Undersleevea. . Cactus and Whalebone Skirts, Jaconet, Nainsook. Swiss and Plaid Muslins, French, English and American Prints, Cloths and Cassimeres. Safiuetts, Jeans and Tweeds, Plaids, Linseys and Kerseys, Carolina and Marlboro' Stripes, Bleached and Brown Shirtings aud Sheetings, White and Colored Flannels, Drillings ami Tickings, Irish Linens, good assortment, , "'' Linen Table Cloths, Toweling and Napkins,. Shawls, Cloaks and Mantillas, " Extra quality of Bed Blankets. Iiibbons. Belts, Gloves. Hosiery, &.C. . L ALSO " " - . Hats. Caps. Bonnets. Boots, Shoes and Umbrellas: - general assortment of RE A T) Y-MADE CLOTHING, j and every variety in the YANKEE NOTION LINE. ; which will be sold at a small advance Jor CAbll, or on time to punctual customers, either at ' , ' Wholesale or Retail. All are respectfully invited to give me a call before purchasing elsewhere. B. F. PEARCE. nay St., Fayetteville, Sept. 1, 185C. 14-tf NOTICE. - - ..vv. ,s.,.,,ttU tf.-,,u Int of I 1 1 X III rw1 1 :l lift InillitP. rtnm bniobi- i ATT. (l.ncin 1, J.-!,, .r nnnn.. .. t, t X. TV uotilied to present the same "for payment : and those indebted to said Josiah Johnson are requested to come forward aud settie williout delav. WARUEN JOHNSON Adm'r: Sept. 13, 1S.5G. lo-3ui HOUSTON WOULD return his; thanks to 0. . , - . . ..... Rrtiilli mil. rif rcriin strpot tu- Cfeia.i'.'4V-' doors below the Cape Fear Bank and three doors above his 61d stand, where he would be glad to see all his old friends. He expects to keep on baud a good assortment of Saddles. Bridles, Whips, and every thing in his line of business. N. B. He will attend to repairing of Saddles, Har ness, sc., and hi-T charges shall be moderate, i September Iff, 185C. lo-m j BY. S: M. WEST, AUCTIONEER Paving Stones at Auction. . On Wednesday. Sept. 24th. 185(5, at 10 o'clock, on the Wharf in front of H. B. Eiler's office, will be sold 35,00 Flooring and Paving Stones. Size from 14 to 28 inches square. Imported direc t from Bremen. All sums of $100 aud over 90 days for apuroved notes pavable at Bank. Wilmington, Sept. 13, IS06. 15-21 CltOCKBRT,' ft r-ASS-WARE '- AND LOOKING-GLASSES. j I II AVE received my Fall Stock of the above arfc cles. My assortment of goods is better suited to tl4 Country Trade than any I have before offered, both si to quality and price, and will be sold on my usual acj commodating terms. s W. N. TILLINGHAST. Sept. 13, 1856, 15-4t . f Casti Purchasers. CARROLL & PETERSON, j Clinton N.C, : ! WILL pay the Highest Cash prices for likely Yotm? Negroes. Those wishing to sell will find tts ready, purchasers, ou the best business terms. Sept, 13, 1856. 15-Cm Mv health being insufficient to enable in'e to attend' to miblie busiuess those haviug claims put in my hands for collection will please call, and take them up aud pay the costs immediately THOS. H. MASSE Y-15-3t Sept. 13, 1856. NEW GOODS. II. E. J LILLY ARE now receiving and in a few days will have in store their entire ... - - '. STOCK OF FALL & WINTER GOODS, embracing the usual variety of such articles as they keep. . All of which, ihey are desirous of converting into'Ca'sh or good Notes! Purchasers will' please call and examiue. . . II. & E. JT-LTLLY. ' Sept. 13, 1856. IS-4t , , . . ine puunc ior tne iioerai patrou-s meir &uie ucpcu-jcncu ijr i.iuieriui upon the age he has received, aud bopesj good will and good faith of this great aud "-lori-by punctuality in business, for a ous Union. It is a liitle remarkable that our continuation of the same. ii .. .. , x. . . ...... He has commenced busin-ss n cotto, defended us at .New Orleans in 1812, his own responsibility, . on thef against British bullets and bayonets, and that NORTH -CAROLINIAN. il YE TTE V1L.L.E. J. C. TVlxts Cotton lIant and the Olive - V t Jra:ic!i. The olive branch as an crnhiem of peace, has parted, with its significance in the amity existing between the Americau engje and the British lion; The cJassicality of its deep green spray and searlet berries has lost all its appropriate-tiess.-stace the sturdyspokesman of the deputa tion of English husbandmen, in addressing Mr D'IsratjIi said, "Now doant let ns have no war wi' Merica, Muster Dazerly." England had learned a rlesson, had drunk an unpalatable draught just then, and fouix! to her astonish ment that,, thonirn sU luisjjit trannt-uon The Ions? aCoeuted emblem of concord. ' thn olivp . J " - ine uniteu states, and that upon her a most grievous ins . -m-r- -m ' we have placed It. To view the branch, yet the cotton plant, the bread-giving, j l)e jrallired without delay. Avoid picking im-wealth-creating cotton plant, was not thus to j mediately after a shower, lest the lint should be be treated with indignity It was no doubt a j d'rtJ- See that your Gin and Press are in revolting mental dose, this realization of her j complete order, and send no Cotton ro market own dependence, and doubly so because it lias j tMat uas "ot received the most careful handling in a measure placed her in a false attitude ' tlironjrliout. before the world. For the press of France! Cow Peas should be gathered and pat away insists that England quails before the nower of ' d""nr the briet intervals of leisure from cotton matter in this light is not generous, nav, more, I cured tor Hay. it is unjust. England has not been brow-beaten' j Winter Oats, Rye, Barley, Clover and Lu but has merely listened to the admonitions of cer,ltJ n,ay be sown the latter part of this month, sound sense. The English may be a nation oP Turnips for a fall crop, must now be sown, ptilitarians, but that they arc not cowards' no I without delay. The linta Baga, Yellow Aber jieople have better reasons to know than their ' dt'ei1. Norfolk, Early Flat Dutch, Globe and Gallic neighbors. That a war lias not fnl!nvf.fl iipon the heels of Mr Crarnpton's dismissal is iot to be charged to any decay of British pluck, lnt to the fact, that the cotton plant has super seded the olive branch as an emblem -of Anglo Anierican harmony. It is not the lives, or the ships, or the money a war would involve, bat losses of a far different character, which deter red Palmerston fromcoming into a collision with this country. It was the fear that a set-to yitlrthe Model Republic would silence the mules and jennies of his factories, and hush the anvil ring, and dismount the trip hammers of his workshops, that caused him to repress his ire, and to pocket that which, under any differ ent state of things, he would construe into an insult, and which, if given by any other nation, would be the tocisu of immediate war. All glory, therefore, to the cotton plant! As a preservative of a good understanding and a provocative of courtesy between Great Britain and ourselves, it is worth all the war i . - . . . . . snips Him .Minnie reues mat were ever con structed. For many years past England has been trying to work out her independence of us, and her statesmen have left no means untried to produce a staple in her colonial possessions. She has tried it faithfully in India, but without success. India cotton is superlatively fine and beautiful, but for her puiposes the merits of the article must be in the positive degree. India cotton makes splendid mulls and lawns, such as a bishop might wear or a bride adorn herself with. We have seen it of such fineness that its, entire width could be drawn uurumpled through a linger ring. But of what use is JJishop's lawn, nainsook, or India cambric, for the clothing of her peasantry and her soldiery? ! Xone; she must have American cotton lor these ' purposes, and none other can be substitute. The Indian article an adequate is what the French mail terms fiu-vib)'?!" von vuiguijiqiie, von sublime w do t - .disposed to regret that this 1 i c I LJlcLU llllft We do not feel disposed to i s In fact, we rather rejoice at it. The ,.reat wall which fences off British airgressiou j from this country, unlike that which protected the lazy celestials from the encroachments of i the Tartars, is made of cotton, and for the ! l!,red. By this precaution, our friend had al peace and security of the world, it may be con- i wu3's succeeded iu "saving his bacon," fresh and sidercd absolutely indispensable that the mam-; moth manufactories of Britain should place i u: i.. .i i f ...... : .i .i it has proved our Uest safeguard against a war with England iu 1S56. Philtideljihiii Eve. Jour. Salt to destroy Worms, &c In that excellent paper, the Gcrmantown Telegraph, we find some remarks on the value of salt to destroy worms on vegetables. We , copy what follows: A weak brine, not exceed-' tig the strength of sea water, proves a remedy j ftk the "souash destroyer." one of the insidtinns i a d persevering, as we'll as voraciously destrue- t 0mj 11 bne P'S rau 'e people about the ti e enemies with which the gardener and fruit ! I''ace the gardener and the cook and the dairy gjower is called to coatend. It is aiso a most j niaid 1"e Sar-l-'1'(-,r firs caught sight of the electnal preventative of aphides, or plant lice, I runaway, and, hastening after it, sprained hts vA-miii .vliud. nmv nnnn the ... t.in.ir, ; in consequence of which the poor man tribes. In every instance ol the application of j oui-.observatio.i, its success has been r complete. ( No injury need be apprehended from a very libera! application, say one quart to a plant, u j . .i...: i . .r tl.L otwui .tii ; .i.I iM t xl 1 lliC SOIUllUll UC v llic nuvujjlii iiiuii.uUv. AM the cabbage tribe are liauie 10 oe ai- rcseiuuiiiig, -iy .oc.- ' ' -...I whird, are tioubtless the larva of some ilv. There is another enemy, also, by which they are frequently infested a small grub, similar in many respects to tnose lounu in corn ana potaloe hills, and which not unfrequcutly prove very destructive. Salt water applied to the hills will have a tendency to arrest their depre dations, aud if the application be repeated frequently, say once in two or three days, it will effectually destroy or drive theni off. The "water, however, should not be allowed to come in contact with the foilage in this instance,-but should be applied to the soil imme diately around the stalks, but without coming in actual contact with them. To destroy the first uamed insect, it may be applied iu a state sufficiently diluted to admit of a perfect .ablu tion of every part of the foilage; but its we said before, care must be taken not to imike it too strong, or it will destroy the plant. Every cook knows or ought to know, that the washing of cabbage, lettuce, spinch, &c, in salt ., water i before cooking or preparing for the table, is sure to expel every species of insect wnicn so frequently seeks a habitation or a shelter in these vegetables. -Western Agriculturist. ? A petit-maltre one day seeing Des Cartes at k feast, said. "Do philosophers regale them- 'selves with dainties? " Why not: said JJes artes : " do von suddoss that nature has pro trided all' good things fdr noue but fops ?" FA 11 M Kits' DKPA HTM LIST. -i i. -r. mi Agriculture the Handmaid of Commerce. From tne Southern Cultivator. Work for the Ulontb- (September.) T- . TrfE. PLANTATION. Cotton, nowheffiifiniie to open" fully, must ! . . ' i ' ' 1 nil f 1 1 . -m ' l"L'K,"o- i fie vines or fare piantea reus may '!l'so le cut when the pod is just forming, and ! Strap Leaf Ked lop Turnips are all valuable .......: . i . i- . i .i i . . ; vaneues uie imo ursi ueing tne uest ior slock i i i mm long Keeping. Hat. In addition to the Corn-stalk and nn- pnlled fodder, Sweet Potato vines and the top of P-.nciars make a tolerable rough forage, if cut and cured before thev begin to wither All Crab Grass, Crowfoot and other grasses must lie cut when in blossom, and carefully cured, with as little exposure to the sun as possible, to be any value for hay. The dried up and withered grass often ptdled for hay late in the season, is almost utterly valueless. Wet lauds may now be drained, woodlands prepared for pasturage, weeds and brush grub bed up, Ace, xc. Winter Forage. As a green crop, try Wheat, sown thick in 3 foot drills, on deeply plowed and rich land. It will give your ani mals green food nearly all winter, bearing re peated cuttings. Corn for Forage.- The Western Agricul turist nrjres upon farmers the benefit of more ! extensive sowing of corn for forage. Its yield j is immense, and cattle are very fond of it, and ; thrive well when fed on the leaves and stalks, j For feeding green during the summer, to milch j cows, the increase of milk is greater than by ; any other food. A crop can be sown either : broadcast or in drills, using Irom one and a hall ; to two bushels ol seed per acre, Save your bacon. About a couple of years j ago, we were entertained at the house of a j friend with a good, old fashioned dinner of eggs I and bacon. We complimented our host on the ! superior quality of his bacon, aud were curious to inquire the way to like success in the pre- laration of a dainty article of diet, though one lluU 18 ljctter htted for the palate of an epicure than for the stomach of a dyspeptic. To our surprise we were informed that that portion of our meal was cooked eight months before. Up-i-:,..- r.. n .,.-.,)...... t l... ,.f......i .i.. ' was his practice to slice aud fry his bacon, im ! mediately upon its being cured, and then pack jit down in its own fat. When occasion came lor ,,sl"o 't the slices slightly refried, had all tue iresliness and flavor ot new bacon, just pre- sweet through the hottest of weather. iV "S Enquirer. How cmicIi tleuenJs on a Latrhet. Our farmer friends should remember a quo tation, which we find here from M. Say, show ing how much depends on a latchct. " Being in the country, I had an example of one of those small losses which a family is ex posed to through negligence. For the want of a latchet of smail value, the wicket of a barn yard leading to the fields was often left open. Every one who went through drew the door te, but as there was nothing to fasten the door with, it was always left flapping; sometimes open and sometimes shut. . So the cocks and, hens, and the chickens, got out and were lost. " " . . . " ....... ".Zl back from pursuing the pig; that the linen she had left at the lire had fallen dowu aud was Ir.wuing ; and the dairymaid having, iu her haste, uty-Jected to tie up one of her cows, the cow had kicked a colt, which was in the sumo stable, and broken :.ts Crr The gardener's lost crowns, to say nothing Y'." linen which was which ,s Sj)0'eti were Here,; then, H-as t.ause(i - n? the. iviin he suffered i ot l.,el)il" . S,e,. burned, and the colt worth as much more. a loss of forty crowns, as well as inucht.roabIe . .. r . i . r ' phigue and vexation, ior me want, oi aiHtcn which would not have cost threepence." M. Say's story is one of the many examples1 of the truth of the old proverb r " For want of a nail the slioe was lost, for want of a shoe the horse was1 lost, for want of a horse the man was lost." Domefctte IJints. To Pres'krve Sweet Corn. Allow the ker nel to assume its rich, saccharine, pulpy state; do not pluck too soon then the Weruel is wa tery ; defer" not too long it will be too hard and dry'.".. "When plucked at the right point of growth", boil on the ear till lit for Ulie table; remove froin the cob with a table Vnile, and spread theiiv on a sheet, lit a good tanny ex posure ; a scaffold of clean bright boaMs is de sirable ; stir1 frequently lor one or" tw days; keep from t1e dew or rain, and wrhen welldried, hang up iiv bags in a dry place.' It wilnbc al most as' good as when served 'ug in' the regular season, if cart is observed in dressing. It slkuld stand iu water over night, and be boijed gefcly until soft and' plump, and serVed up accordg to taste. : . To make TomUto Wine. Take small, rip lnn.otnp nii k off the steins, put them Mto a J-- basket or tub, wash clean, then niash wcll, nnt strain through a linen rag, (a bhshcl will make five gallons pure ;) then add two and a half to three pounds of good brown sugar to each gal lon ; then put it into a cask and let it ferment If two gallons of water be added to each bash el of tomatoes, the wine will be as good. Csltnlatlons In Regard to Fodder . - It is a great object to the farmers of Maine to raise a supply of the best kinds of fodder for their stock during the winter. Hay, we till know, is the great dependence the staple ma terial for this purpose, but there are many other crops which can be raised to advantage among us, and which are very valuable for furnishing food to stock, and thereby saving hay. In order lo ascertain the real value of those crops for the purpose above named, it will bo necessary to compare the nutritive properties of the several articles with good hay, as the standard. Experiments, and close and careful compari son of the results of many trials, have given tho following us the comparative dynference.Uctweeri the articles mentioned and good hay. We haro published these results before, bnt we now put them in a tabular form, so as to give the rcader an easier mode of comparing them. 100 pounds of hay are equal to. 275 pounds of green Indiaii corn,' 442 pounds of rye straw, 164 pounds bat straw, 153 pounds pea straw; 201 pounds of raw potatoes, 175 pounds of boiled potatoes:' 339 pounds mangel wurtzel; 504 pounds turnips; 54 pounds rye; t 46 pounds wheat; 59 pounds oats, 45 pounds peas or beans, 64 pounds buckwheat, 57 pounds Indian corn; 68 pounds acorns, 105 pounds wheat bran, 109 pounds rye bran, 167 pounds wheat; pea; and dat chaff, 179 pounds rye and barley. . From this "bird's eye view," it will be easy to calculate the fodder value of any of the above articles which you may raise. For in stance, if you have 504 lbs, of turnips, they, will give as much nutrition to your cattle as 100 lbs. of good hay, or, in other words, it will take 5 lbs: of turnips to be equal to 1 lb. of hay. An ox, it is said, requires 2 per cent of hay per day if he does not work, aud 1 per cent, if he work. Suppose, therefore, you have art ox that weighs 1500 lbs; he will require 30 lbs of hay per day if he does not work. But you wish to feed him in part turnips. Jt yoa give him 15 lbs of hay, how many pounds of turuips must you give him to make up the snp- ly I Ans. 7o lbs. which, at 60 lbs. to tho bushel, will be 5 pecks. Again, according to the table; a little moro than half a pound of Indian Corn is equal to ii pound of liny. If, therefore, you give the snmo ox but 15 lbs. of hay, how much Indian corn must he have to supply the 15 lbs 7 Ans. A little over 8 lbs. Allowing Corn t6 Weigh 50 lbs. per bushel, it will take 5 quarts and a third. Allowing the estimates in the table to bo correct, they will be a convenient enide to the farmers in feeding cattle, &c., on other articles, in order to save their hay. A milch cow is said to require 3 per cent, of . her weight per day. A sheep, full grown, 3J per cent. Maine Farmer. A Melancholy Case Infidelity, Cmm3 and Death. An extremely painful Case of in fidelity and its consequences, has just been developed iu the village of Geneva. The fact3 are as follows: A gentleman residing in the town of Seneca, some two or three years ago, went to California, leaving his wife arid two' children in the town. Some time " subsequent, to his departure the wife formed an improper. intimacy with a man who visited . hef, the con-, sequences of which were becoming too apparent, every day, when, two or three weeks ago, shb received a letter from her husband announcing, that he should soon leave for his home on tho. Atlantic side. In despair at hef situation, she sought the advice of a physiciarV At Geneva; who advised, or at least consented to per-a. form an operation' by which it was hoped her, disgrace might be concealed: 'The lady put tip at the Mansion IJoune, where the operation, was performed, and she was dsrifefed; on Sat nrday morning last, of a living child, which,! however, breathed bnt a few minutes. ThQ. mother,-a victim to her own infidelity arid dis-. grace, and to the outrage inflicted upon hcr person, lingered in great mental and bodily , anguish until Tuesday morning last, when she. died Ilt'C relatives- who nr hUrhry . roa'porta- oie, iook ctiarge ot her remains, aud consigueu them, with blce'Jfng hearts, to' the grave. Sulphur is valuable in preserving grapes &c., ' from insects. ; Lard never spoils in warm weather, if it i's cool?ed enough in frying out." ...... In feeding with corn, sixty pounds ground' goes as far as one hundred pounds in the kernel. . Cam meal should never be ground very finejfT it injures the. richness of it. Turnips of small size bare double tbs nutri tious matter that large ones have. Knta baga is the only root that increases itt -utritious quantities" alii increases in size. . pweet olive oil is a certain care for the bite of a Httle snake. Apply it intmanji una:" extenar r J Kiits atiuotlvor verimrf are. kept away from. grain by spri idling with gaTlfc When packing the sheaves. .... Money skilfully expended in Cr7ing land by' draining" or otherwise, ' will be retiirt;d with ample inte're'st. , . , , To cure scratches on a horse wash the legs with Warm soapsuds, and then with beef brine. Two applications will cure the worst case. Timber, when cot in the spring and exposed to the weather with the bark on, decays much sooner than if cnt in the fall'. , , A xx, or Pembroke. Her dislike to Cron well was not founded on party, but on princi ple. She had the same dislike to Charles II.,' when she became acquainted with tne spirit of. his government. On being pressed by her friends, some time after the Restoration, to go o court : . " By uo means," said she, "unless I rcay bo allowed to 'wear' blinkers"