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t2-:iA!2'5.MKXT. 4- n !- i - ; ' -A C -'-"-. of IVrrn-cjit LncN by P-r:;s ;s;l ;ov' r. I'A" Ii . IH'K'.V. VX, ESO., OF .1 A OK .SOX, .' ORTTTAM I TON CO., N". C. There nre large bodies of land lying in cast er': and middle Virgin::! ami North Carolina, iii'-'i have hc-cn s much reduced by. continued (.rr.p..;;irr) j.Iantin.t tobacco, cotton, and sowing outs, ns no longer to ji-.iy the cost of cultivation and are "turned i;;t as waste lanos."' 1 by a v (.:" mod rate expeiii s 1 1 Denature oi iaif-r .-M:sc principles of ogri- c rcciabae;!, a:id iiave their pro- - increased fro-m 100 to I;"0 per cent. ClltiOIl tO (-Oil! c.::!fi:ro, may ! i;nt! i ven 'i'iiev r :i 1 1 I r laade tniiv v; hesitnle lo .--.iv, ;iS the res;; that they will give a in cv.:rse of live yen r.s' culti ., lived il' !ii c!(;;i ii: 1 amis. 'IhU U t! whl.-!i I ha. iuablc, and I do not t of my ox pcricncc, "a tor profit in . the "atiou tiian can l;e a; y t- c j t our rich rici From the Journal of Commerce, Jr Uho is "E. Miriam.'" Tor a long period this mysterious name haso m.oearcd in the public prints, in connectioi ; with almost every conceivable subject, and magy curious enquiries are made respecting his idsn ! tity, abode, manner of life, &c. Having iues ; tigated the subject, we are enabled to gtfe a j satisfactory answer to some of these. A jiote I to the "Philosopher of Brooklyn Heights" as ' (inrnMlmos f:i mil i:lH V Stvlfd. elicit-ud tllfc i following reit! v : j Office, corner of Midah and ) I Columbia streets, Brooklyn. j L My Dear Sir: I received your memoranda at dinner time vesterdav. I am at home every evening, and shall be glad to see you lit the office wliich is a retired place. If you will knock at the door the messenger will open it. Yours truly, K, M eMail In accordance with this direction, we found a.Mnaii two story brick building, Originally in . tended frir i. ..riv.nri 1(-mc (!-i.f.toi int mi flip j v2rge ot the Heights, with no visible entrance, ! except through a small gateway in the ndjoiu i ing fence. An entrance effected the veritable "E. JMeriam"' was discerned by the dim light of I several tallow candles, with piles of boxes i reaching to the ceiling, and two assistants busi- ly engaged in obeying orders. One side of the IU?5LjMii!li ?A YETTEVILLE, M. C. JA.TI0N exam- iiese and CPE FEAR AND DEfEP IHVErTk COMPANY. V rf? k REPORT OF SELECT COMl The Select Committee "appointedi 'i me the charter of the Cape FeatDe-p River Navigation Company.. an,l Vi.-- . " , acts of the Assembly granting then, aid.' to Bee u u.e conu.uons or those grants have been com plied with," have Instructed the undersigned to submit the following report: jT' : . The acts under which the "Cape Tear and DeepRiver Navigation compai, Wng organized limit the capital stock to $200,000, of which individuals were to subscribe $120 000 and uie tiaie me resiuuejantl it is further prrfcSed therein, that "whenever the company shl f-snb- scribe and pay into the. hands of the tre$rer of the company $30,000, the GovernorKliall subscribe, iind the treasurer of the State shall pay into the hands of the treasurer of the com pany $20,000; and they shall continue to sub scribe and pay in, in that proportion, until the whole capital stock shall have been sub scribed for and paid in." This provision seems to have been faithfully observed by the com pany until two-thirds of the stock had been paid. But being unable longer to induce prompt payment by the individual subscribers the company with the view of getting posses sion of the balance of the State subscri i:i.:t'i:)'.l I have increase' the adopted i' ; 1 1 1 1 1 i y of such apartment was exclusive! v occupied with pitreon ! hubs, filled with papers on a great varietv of i borrowed $40,000, and paid the same in IO!,:.-s. and thuiitrh there was ai.nareut eonfn- l,1-'- u, ; n.iing uiai nus was a so si.m on everv side, the well trained snbordina-! tiaI compliance with that j.ro if. a ! 1 ") an 1 '.' ij'.'.l t i:- .u ) 0!ll I tO .J bll 'ioiiabdv greater 1 1 ' i s of w eat increase iau that 'i!. M V. i e a; of cult nre i s su'isf antiai t t j memorandum, at the word of command. This - was the chief business office of the "meteorolo. ;,, gist," as designated by the city directory. Ob. !v as ' sc'I Vitions upon the weather constitute an cb- comjwny by various persons, impifgning the efficiency of the general management of its concerns but the same is not, in the opinion of the :; committee, referred to them Vy the terms of the resolution under which they hare been con stituted as such, and they have, therefore, not investigated the same, and wish to be under stood as expressing no opinion in relation thereto. . Having performed the duty assigned them by reporting the facts and their opiuion to the HoQse, your committee ask to be discharged from the further consideration of the sdbject. Respectfully submitted. JNO. BAXTER, Chairman. . Discoveries in Africa. (The discoveries" of Dr. Livingstone in Africa a,re considered of great commercial value. He lived with a tribe of Bechuauas for eight years and in co-operatiotf with Mr Oswald, discovered Lake Ngami. He traced by himself the course of the great river Zambesi, in Eastern Africa, extending two thousand miles. This immense stream, whose discovery is the great fruit of the journey, is in itself an enigma without parallel. But a small portion of its waters reach the sea-coast. Like the Abysinian Nile, it falls through a basaltic cleft, near the middle of its course, which reduces its breadth from one thousand to twenty yards. Above falls it spreads out periodically into a o, filling hundreds of lateral channels; ifSTntra'fujuii -stream f a totally differ 1 m. .1.. a - t i to subscribe and cause to be paid the rernSin4c' ' a 1 ' ruouu,s seeiu lo ue Closing. ine soutiiernmost was navigable when the MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. - - : - " Interest!- t tfi r-n , aTrnifve, requested - lion. .1-' (: inch, rav in th If t.r . s.:'', : 1 1 1 ; t c v :- be !, d.rawn i y .hn ;.iy as j.ossibi", , and t ;;!. ;s:g cv has no .-ap, i. w t casr.: burn i' oi .-lb!.', folhtw cac !, and gi (; or the st iff clav, w 1 i: . . r 4-1 . : ... j,..- fi.! ,room-sira w m vrmcii tiicsc ,' u,ii"""u'i,;- "Tndimi; ! ( f !.. Mtl,.AC..l,n.-n if 1,.,..-. f.- "row it') retains any sap i u."v.'nn.n, io nu-ic iiuwuuai iui cmj turned under fermentation :;.- the s-traw to rot, let the m;I v.-it ii tiie largest-sized or f'.'ar Iiorses, runnii'g sa -, liot less lha n ten tv ti.in:r under. If the i .o!i'j,li as with a day iioni l lib to l b;0 and makes an immense volume of solid pages, nearly all stereotyped, t lie plates forming several loads of metal. In continuing these records, the indefatigable Mr Meriam rises regularly at every hour thro' the night, awaking at the striking of the clock. A fait hful dog formerly did the service of the clock, but he unfortunately feli down stairsone day, and expired soon after. The books are i .iCIiCS CCPIK. i ii cr portion of stock reserved to the State. But this requisition, his Excellency, Gov. Reid very properly declined acceding to. The company then made a payment of $5,000 on this debt, and the balance ($35,000,) was as snnifd by individuals, who to facilitate the work, agreed to advance this sum for the de linquent stockholders, "release the company from all claim which they might have on it for reimbursement," and look only to the col lections that might thereafter be made from those for whom they had advanced, for their indemnity; and in the execution of this agree ment, they substituted their own note for the corporation. Upon these facts appearing to i lies our am. more iii aces of t he Him and air ; . rid of ' ha surp! us wa t et oi i vy raii.s in ot her p. riods o: bout the middle of J ;ds are about half-u'n "e l'oi'M..-d their seeds, t , at I he rate of a b;; !::: numerous varh US, CXecpl the bli verv lit. h' vine. u:iV:i' oelore siibsoi ri.ti. ;ii written un every morn ins: before sunrise bv ! ...11 j 7 - . 1 . .1 . -. . , ii r. . . n . . ,ri;; clerks, of whom there are three, except during;1"0 I11 auinor.ry, me oaiance or tne fttate the sessions of the State Legislature, when the lVuon was ln t,,e compat.y iJut )cr is increased to six. Two of them re- 1 - """ . . cUM.,.i.u.. u. this debt by private persons as aforesaid, the line ioilov. e.vu, and the every win: to the general ad enable it to winter, a the YC:U mi.', wnen l ne ; ... , sow e . a acre, with any peas common i ei- in e- -St. WniCil Then, o: i 1".' U'h, ; laud as i wa uumoer is increased lo six. i wo ot tiiem re ,lf-; main constantly at Albany durinsr that time. and transmit intelligence of the proceedings to I comliauy continued to recognize it as its own, this city each day. before they I i-ueew loriv 3iunicipai uazette, compris land broad- i '"- niemorandas and compilations of all matters concerning the public weal, is a. formidable work, which requires Mr Meriam's constant at tention. One volume has been published, con taining 1,140 ouarto pages, of which S00 copies are on hand; also 1,200 copies of the second ! fuml ,lcri' fl'0! other sources, which inclnd-n-.u t of the samo vnlnm, nnd S5ft nrbHtb.,,,,1 I '"vcst, amounts to more than $20,000 of pages of a second volume have just been print-1 tIie cniPy's capital has bhen diverted from ed The ex.,one nf nP wnB iinr uv . i10 I the objects contemplated by the charter, and i ' " - - - f - - 'c-aved,'-' which hav I i L t i e shade. In all have the most vine, if the hind has 'much tern under the peas ianai-r noi, over tnr and had, from time to time, reduced it by pay ments to about $8,000, for which the parties interested have an existing judgment against it. Of the payments thus made, about $21,000 was collected from the defaulting stockholders, for whose benefit the debt was created, and residue was paid out of the general corporate Portuguese first arrived in the country, three hundred years ago, but it has long since ceased to be practicable. The Quillimanc mouth has of late years been impassable, even for a canoe, from July to February, and for two to three hundred miles up the river, navigation is never attempted in the dry season. And in this very mouth of July, when the lower portion of the river, after its April freshets, has sunk to a mere driblet, above the falls the river spreads out like a sea over hundreds of square miles. '1 his with fre quent cataracts and the hostility of the natives would seem to beau effectual bar to the high hopes of fat trade in which English merchants and journals are now indulging. During this unprecedented march, alone and among savages, to whom a white face was a miracle, I)r Livingstone was compelled to struggle though indescribable hardships. The hostility of the natives he conquered by his intimate knowledge of their character and Bechiiana tongue, to which theirs is related. Misny of his documents were lost while cross ing a river, in which he came near losing his of weeds. I j -Ncxv York Anti-Assessment Committee' and I rencraI1-v aPlropritcd for the protection of ir. Oi t b.e second by a "public fund'' respecting vidua Is against their own improvident contracts: i i ''i' .j'"".;' I which Mr M. is probablv best informed. ' j suul h lt t!,e Stilte sustai,,s a loss Co-extensive Y 7 ' : These volumes contain cooions memoranda i w,th hcr i,,tercst in the company, and the pub- m to- mm . ,. . , . .., - . ., . , , ..... ou i iit-iiiYcn iii i ui; eujiM nieiii oi tne laciiuies lira iii water ana rub ds and ' rc' !!Ce!;ing lightning, on laud and water; earth-j ,( i quakes, salt, birds, and minerals; all the acts in : a ' i it' r a a ! ; r ot an. i win ! c d ;V ca u t ie ai m;:s :-...;iSti eai a- th;. viae i.U to turn tie. i ie iiu:.;.., t :; l;i as are useful uaiaiei-'s sail, a ; vo vein en t , a i . i e e t : u-d iii- to tramole s, othi. rwise it is cxtremly :n u.d.i r. i'o soon as t ins --s should be taken off, for in s'uuiiiig the bind from ,i most important matter in relation to this city, which .have been passed frou! time immemorial; all the charters of the tv, from 1057 to the present da, in chronolo gical order; everything relating to taxes, as. sesments and improvements; ditto with regard t qiairi to life-saving clforts, Hurl (late, and the har- j bor, and quarantine; the whole histoi-' of the eit the b 12 -h;-l per acre. mi ui'-y OVe"- ! aniiounceiiient of the fact, in September, 18-iS, oni:' list of vessels dost roved bv ... " i 4??no nnn m.-.!, it,n cnv,.-.,i ,.,i;i:n.-,n i. c. The object in view is represented " " - until now; a nre. id in s, an e:riei vines, ieav si ances. l-'roui e: I think pen.; but little i which family' it nuked 1 man nre for wheat. .V fti-r this mass of vi:a uei. voii iiave a 1' DUSi.ei quarts t iioroa t . i a i of 1 1 e a haif ot c'o ver-Sced ami h-t the of deioia:r ay. I; giving the soil a lar: d o ihi-i vegetable ice iu the u.,e of both iifei'ior to clover (to longs) as a specific has been turned an ovei which sow a and six both in ; to be "public utility," or to spread before i public men, in a compact form, all necessary sub- ! i:i'nl'1!!:ltio:i on important subjects. In addition to the laoorious service thus voluntarily nssum- which no other man could be induced to ed and v. perform for any ordinary compensation minute md water. wheat per acre. 1 1 arrow work b liu:. TiiL return u, records are kepi of the wind-vane, guage, attached to the office. Mr .Meriam's dwelling house is a curiosity. -iOt less tnan ten thermometers an and live different lightniii" l. Cit u-'jienu soniewiiat. on the d field," but I venture to alii nil that it will a' v reoay a!! h1 bor and outlay, and astonish I) great re. ult from appare lit 1 v "e trivial I ii.u f. ai.t tin; in . t:;; !ia u O 1-; n : ia wan lur- great increase oi crops lime a;iil clover, and I do not e the two met hods for renova a!; but where il.-iir is not to be ion tnat ii' i e.- ci iei'a is no application tnat can compart ioui.iit on well-. '.rained land (if it neei a. nine." wua plaster, peas, ami ueeo tillage j t.id mine is o vaiiuJ'Ie as a good marl eOidhaiug myself to interior er lime nor marl can be : ri- ii UOi when e exposed. rochs are iu requisi- I j tion, to protect tne lives of its inmates. The will of! casu!'- observer would suppose that Providence oualitv of the M"USt lli,ve f:me sl,e(-,ial design for evil, to 1 ' ' - i. i :e r. i i j e- ui i-i uu, n posioie, uy every precaution. The thermometers are for different exposures, j and affixed to them are the famous "wires'' in. .j tersecting the atmosphere irregularly, in all di- rections. Were the garden a cornfield, crows I would never disturb it. These wires, being connected with the thermometers, afe supposed 1 to communicate to these instruments the pre cise temperature prevailing. The extremities i are immersed in "saiine batteries," or pits of water impregnated with salt, "to give galvanic j action to the wires." The peculiar state of the j temperature at certain periods is regarded as I indisputable evidence of "terrene agitations" j eitherjiear or remote, Uy what process cf rea. e r ow: i the no l'U: we so : w a s .! ! 1 urge ill! !T iii the June follow -y in October, will j soiling, we do not precisely understand. Mr M. is uow sixty-two years of age; was never more vigorous, and regards his manner of life as conducive to health. The nocturnal air baths are considered peculiarly favorable. His sea son for labor varies from fifteen to oiglrteen hours, and in very cold weather twenty-two hours per iii!, most of which is spent in the of fice, among dingy manuscripts. The loft of this Where the. not snu acts so injuriously on a bare j ounuing is tuiuiiy wcciijjicu u.w ui mc suriV.ee. The roots of the young clover being ! Journal of Commerce, labelled for ready refer prolectcd fret.n hard frosts and sudden changes j ence, and secure from dust. Their appearance in the m.niure, it f hoots lorwar.l with the ear-! timss uisposed, is not nniiKe mat oi an unaer-lh- -t. wariulh of spring, and smothers all weeds. ! taker's shop. When weeds mature their seeds, they draw j Mr Meriam's biography remains to be writ upon t'ae fertility df land" equal to most crops, j ten. Posterity may do him better justice than (."lover gives a crop as profitable as any other cotemporary generations. Of his beneficence, and it is ali returned to the laud iu the drop-!"0 better illustration can "be given than the in 1 i lgs of the stock w hilo grazing upon it. ccssant care bestowed upon the birds, flocks of which constantly resort to his window, even at couies f sown er s to shade the land pretty well to lands I speak of. It should ;e i'i;st year at ali; in the Feb dn ss it with ail the manure to to apply ail me via ashes reach. This season or time in the year for applying manure iu our country, the. hot snu acts so injuriously on a bare Conundrum : Why are bunkum the IiOgisiture like certain lovls'l cause they anger well for bores. in orators mi 1 lll'JL wnmy easons,ior their supply of seed I ... i 1. : , ... i j. i Ans. Be -f c pui-juuhcu uy me Dnshel, and never fails. ihe other oay a lame bird appeared and excited much sympathy. to arise from the completion of. an important State enterprise. v'v At the session of the General Assembly, holden in 1S52, a fin ther mbscript ion of 80, 000 was made in behalf of the State, and tlie same was paid to and expended by the company previous to the last session of this body. The company then applied for additional aid, and by Ihe 5th chapter of the statutes of that session, provision was made for the State's endorsing the bonds of the company to the amount of on the several expressed. Among others, the company was required "not to sell the bonds for less than their par value;" and to apply the proceeds thereof "exclusively in the first instance to the completion of the navigation." Both of these conditions have bee. disregarded. Of the bonds tl ius endorsed by the State, $200,000 in value were sold on six months time, the com pany paying interest, but receiving none, which is equivalent to a loss of 3 per cent., amounting to 0,000. The remaining bonds of $100,000 were sold for $80,000 in cash, and a steamboat, 'Southerner,' and five lighters. From the evidence before them, your committee have unanimously come to to the conclusion, that repaired, as per contract, these boats will not be worth more than $10,000; and it being ad mitted by the officers of the company that the boat constituting about in value of the w hole, is too large to pass the company locks, and that the same were purchased without ex amination, the committee can view the matter m no other light than a mere evasion of that clause of the statute forbidding the sale of these bonds under par. The non-observance of the other provision of the act is equally as palpable. Instead of ap plying tlie money realized from the sale of these bonds "to tlie completion of the said navia tion," $25,575 thereof was appropriated to the payment of interest acruing on them, and an other debt of the company, and to the payment ot dividends on preferred stock. ni ... ... i ne representatives ot tlie State in the f-ene- ral meeting of the stockholders, as well as in the board of directors, were cognizant of the action of tiie company in the several particulars complained of, and in each case a majority of them assented therete. Arguments and explanations have been heard by your committee from the president, attorney and other officers of the company, in which the necessities and honest purposes of'the company, were pressed upou their consideration. But conceding all this to be true, (and your com mittee do not wish to be understood as attribu ting any moral delinquency to any one,) they are nevertheless constained to saj, that the company has, in the several particulars enume rated, exceeded its powers, misapplied the funds obtained from and by aid of the State and consequently has forfeited its franchise ii' the State chooses to impose so heavy a plenty. Other allegations have been made against tlie ' life also; but he has memorada of the latitudes of a multitude of cities and towns, rivers and mountains, which will go far to fill up the "unknown regions" iu our atlases. Towards the interior he found the country more fertile and more populous. The natives worshipped idois, believed in transmigrated ex istence after death and performed religious ceremonies in groves and woods. They were less ferocious and suspicious than the seaboard tribes, had a tradition of the deluge, and more settled governments. Some of them practised inoculation and use quinine, and all were eager for trade, being entirely dependent on English calico, for clothing, a small piece of which would purchase a slave. Their language was sweet and expressive. Although their woman on the whole, were not well treated, a man having as many wives as he chose, they were complete mistresses of their own houses and gardens, which the husband dared not enter in his wife's absence. They were fond of show and glitter, and as much as $150 hud been giv en for an English rifle. On the arid plateau of the interior, watermelons supplied the place of water for some months in the year; as they do on the plains Hungary in summer A Quaker tribe on the river Zanga never fight, never have consumption, scrofula, hydrophobia, cholera, small-pox, or measles. These advantages, how ever, are counterbalanced by the necessity of assidious devotion to trade and raising children to make good their loss from the frequent in roads of their fighting neighbors. Important to Wheat Gkowers is North Caro i.iNM.At a meeting of the Scientific Associa tion iu Albany, this summer, some private conversation ensued upou the comparative merits of the grains grown in the West. North and South. It was observed that Southern flour had largely the preference in the West Ind ies and South America, on account of its being dryer and keeping better in hot climates A gentleman who attended the World's Pair in London, at once remarked that the Bnest flour he ever sa w was made of North Carolina wheat and ground at mills in New York. Beiip' solicted to submit the observation to writing Dr. Elvvyn, of Philadelphia, well known for the interest -he takes in agriculture "and everything connected with the useful arts, at once drew up a certificate of which the ensuing is a copy. " I have been desired by Dr. Gibbon, of North Carolina, to record the following facts as interesting to the wheat growers of that State. While acting as chairman of the committee ' on articles used as food' durin the exhibition at the Crystal Palace, I was struck with the quality of the bread offered for examination by Ilecker & Brother, of New York. It was the whitest and best I ever saw. I asked being a farmer the Tery natural question, as to where they procured their grain ; and was told that the bread was made of flour from North Carolina wheat ; and to my further astonishment, was also informed that, in their opinion, the best wheat in the United States was that of North Carolina. v v . A- D ELWYN. Albany N. Y., August 25, 185G." " use 1 sjother Suing: for bcr own An iuteresting-v, cornns case is set to come up before Judgiblack tOKjay. The facts involved are, as wele.. about these . A man and his wife, residents orOfland Qhio, by the name of Crawford, seperatedi each' other about a year ago. They bad tliireecun- dren? The wife says the husband, after fi vel days watching succeeded in stealing the children from her. The father brought them to this city and placed them in the Catholic asylum here. The father came with a letter of introduction or recommendation from the Bishop of the diocese of Cleveland loathe Bishop of Yincennes. The mother, learning that her children had been removed, soon after set out in search of them and for ten long mouths sought them in various parts of the country. At Logan-sport, Indiana, she learned that they had been brought to this place ; hither she hastened. On Wed nesday last, she visited the asylum. With what emotions of heart and anxiety of soul she entered the building can be better imagined than described. Many of the children were at play, but bcr little darlings were not in the play grounds. One of the little fellows directed her attention to the basement rooms. Upon going in, she saw one that she fancied might be her own babe. Ampng so-raany children, and In such an ex cited state of mind, she was almost ready to distrust herself. She inquired the name of the little cherub. " Willie Crawford," answered one of the pupils. The mother needed no fur ther evidence. She sprang to the child, a bright little fellow of about two years and a half, and darted away from the room and ran away with her darling. Some of the attendants made pursuit, overtook the mother, and were about to take the child from her, when some persons on the street interfered in the mother's behalf. She then applied to an attorney, who procured a writ of habeas corpus for the children, and they are now in the custody of the sheriff, and the trial is set for to-day. The lady is intelligent, and seems to be an ac complished Woman. She is of the same reli gious persuasion as her husband, though not at this time an active member of the church. The childrcu resemble her very much in features. They are aged respectively six, four, and two- and-a-half years, and manifest much affection for the mother. Under the statute the father has the right to dispose of the children, unless they ate very small, where there is incompetency in the mother to take care of her offspring. But in this case it would seem most cruel nnd nnnat ural to deprive the mother of her family, as the father would indicate he desired to do ; and we are glad to learn the Bishop here, who has charge of the insitution, will not oppose the return of the children to their mother. We think this course is dictated by a popular sense of the relation sustained by mother and child, and we know it wil be sustained by the com: munity. Vincennes Gazette, Jan. 5lh. FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, Saturday , J miliary 31, 1 857 . e"C- ,c- McCkcmmkn-is onr duly autborizeif agent for the collectiou of all claims due this office. .to Advertisers. lfS dsirtt -f tbs immediate insertion of tbeir pTFWTTB,t-b,Bd thot" in b' THURSDAY AI- IbKNuoN, otherwise tUev will not appear until he succeeding Wc,k. Our friends will ptJe a, this in i mind as we intend to make it a rule without exception. The Boomerang. This curious weapon, pe culiar to the native of Australia, has often proved a puzzle to men of science. It is a piece of carved wood nearly in the form of a crescent, from thirty to forty inches long, point ed at both ends, and tlie corner quite sharp. The mode of using it is as singular as the weapon. Ask a black to throw it so as to let it fall at his feet, and away it goes full forty yards before him, skimming along the surface at three or fr feet from the ground; when it suddenly rises in the air 40 or GO feet, describinn a curve and finally dropping at the feet of the thrower. During its course it revolves rap idity on a pivot, with a whizzing noise. It is wonderful so barbarous a people have invented so singular a weapon, which sets the laws of progression at defiance. It is very dangerous for an European to try to project it at any object, as it may return and strike himself. In a native's, hands it is a formidable weapon, striking without the projector being seen. It was invented to strike the kangaroo, which is killed by -it with certainty. Skatlns, Sleighing ami getting Slewed. As some poet, out west of course, has ex pressed it in a descriptive sonnet respecting cold weather in his parts: "First it blew and then it anew, And then it thew and then It frit' All these hyperborean gradations have been gone through with lately in this locality; and the boys, lads, youths, juveniles, young folks, small fry, mother's joys and father's prides, have had their fill of snow, snow-balling, sleighing, skating (. castera, while Wir elders imbibed divers compounds to "keep the cold out.'y Chips says that the mercury followed his spirits and town property down severnl degrees below zero last week, but getting ashamed of sinking as low as town property was Evidently ly subsiding, it began to creep back to a more respectable position. We have enjoyed but one sleigh ride this winter but ye Gods, what a ride! With a fleet and sinewy reindeer (which somegreen'utis insisted was a lean and stunted ox) and mounted on our light and airy sleigh (which envious Iagos called a goods box moun ted on two peeled saplings) we sped, like the storm god mounted on a cloud, through the whirling, eddying snow flakes (mingled' to-be-sure with occasional conglomerates of numer ous flakes singularly formed into ponderous spheres greatly resembling the missiles called snow balls) and had not onr gallant reindeer stopped to graze upon a bunch of Iceland moss or a bundle of fodder we do not precisely re member which, owing to obstructed vision at the time, caused by congealed spheroids, we might have been riding still. We learn that the Cape Fear River was fro zen over some miles above this place, to the thickness of three inches a thing which has uot occurred since Cornwallis crossed the river on the ice during the revolution. While we are writing a warm rain is falling, and a rapid thaw going on. how to drain ditches. The commissioners or those having charge of seweraire. should m' mence early in tire spring, not waiting for tho summer heats, and in the first place do not at tempt to make the water run up hill, for with out the aid of an earthquake you certainly will not succeed. Reverse the thing and that ditch will cleanse itself. Try it and see. Occupation. Some writer says : " What a glorious thing is occupation for the human heart." There is some truth in this remark. But if the author should frequently have two days work to do in one, he might feel disposed to change the appellative " glorious'' somewhat. A Fearful Passage. We have been informed by Mr. P. E. Frazee, Sr., who was a passenger on board the steamer Marion, which left New York on Saturday afternoon at three o'clock, for Charleston, where she arrived yesterday morning, that the trip was in the greatest degree fearful. Du ring Saturday night a storm came np, and the steamer was compelled to lay to off Cape Hat teras for twenty-six hours, in consequence of its violence. The cold, was so intense that five horses were frozen to death and the deck and ccmbings, masts, sails, rigging", and every por tiou of the vessel exposed, were covered with ie to the thickness of six or seven inches. The steamer Black Warrior, from Havana, bound to New York, passed the Alarion rfhile she was lying to, and Mr. Frazee informs us that she was literally covered with ice. - We take this occasion to state that Mr. Frazee speaks in the most complimentary man ner of the skill and superior management of the Marion by the officers during the preval ence of the gale, when every passenger on board had concluded it almost impossible for the ves sel to outlive the storm. Capt. Foster, and Mr. ihoraas, the Pilot, proved thetnselve worthy the responsible positions they ""PJt and their vessel one of the staunch' craft now plying between New York and narleston. When the Marion left e York, the ferries on the East River ytre suspended, and persons were passing from Brooklyn to New York on the ice. Qclumiia Times VlLMIXGTOni ASD FAYETTEVrM.K. We have looked with some interest, not tin mingled with occasionally some degree of as tonishment, upon the petty contentions and un neighborly wranglings going on between ouc of our neighbors -and some of the Wilmington presses. And we are satisfied that the commu nities of both places are heartily sick and tired of it. That the best, rf the body of the people of both communities, wc do not doubt for a moment. That there is a common bond of interest, a mutual dependence existing between these sister towns, no one will deny; and that from the people of Fayettcviile towards the citizens of Wilmington there is not, has not been and cannot be, anght but feelings of popular amity and public friendship, we as sume the province of declaring. And the reiterated declaration on the part of our brethren of the Wilmington press, that their fellow citizens entertain the same regard for our people, is an ample guaranty that there is, as there ought to be, a community of good feeling and unfeigned freiridship between us. Why then these petty bickerings and petu lant contentions between the declared represen tatives of popular sentiment? Why these warm professions of friendship accompanisd with per petual stiletto thrusts? The people of other communities must imagine a wonderful degree of brassy hypocricy to exist between the two places, assuming their public journals to be ex ponents of popular feeling. Surely no good can acrue to either party from such a course of action, and a multiplicity of evils may follow its persistence." We are a liUIe sorry that our neighbor in variably gets a drubbing, and we only wish that some Dominie Birch would come in and sound ly thrash the whole trio, rWe have received a copy of the St. rants City Advertiser, published in Minesota, and find it a well edited 'and sprightly sheet. St. Pauls is a rapidly growing western city, and bids fair to rival Chicago in its business importance. We publish in another column the report of the Committee of Investigation appointed by the Legislature to examine into the affairs of the Cape Fear & Deep River Navigation Com pany. As will be seen from the report, there is a clear forfeiture of the charter on the part of the company and that the State should avail herself of this opportunity to get rid of the vile encumbrance all sensible men must agree. We hope yet to see this burlesque upon internal improvements numbered among the exploded humbugs of the day. -Tbe Giraffe that tallest of the beasts in the Oak Citr menagerie, in a playful rebuke of our re"'ssness in tlje matter of exchange, as sores us that he does'nt "kick everything with long years nor eat everything that'a - w (jitCH. It's a merciful dispensation of providence in favor of some of the "assembled wisdom'-' that such is tlie case, or his hoofs wonld be wonder fully exercised, to say nothing of his gastrono mic feats. By the way the animal seldom wun ders .down our way; finds more verdure " and tender shoots in the City of Oaks perhaps.