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yORTII CAROLINIAN. PAYETTEVILLB, N C SATURDAY, April 9, 1859. Kansas and Non-intervention. The Wilmington Journal of April 4th, has given i 1 Ail!.r.,nnl viour rf ifa riri;5tinii linon US HI lUIIKl", imi-JCH-t w I -t , " vir. this matter, and while we respecuuny uraer irum the Journal respecting their theory of non-intervention, we give them all credit for their disappro bation of the article copied from the Slates. Our cotemporary says that " the principle of non intervention'either means something or it means nothing !" It required no laborious effort tofprovo this fact and we accord to it, its full weight ; but where we differ is, as to what it does mean. It can in one way be made it mean enough, and in another way too much. If it mean that the peo ple of the territories shall or may abolish slavery, while they are a dependency upon Congress or the general government ; if it mean that by the organic act, Congress confers a power upon a few irresponsible men in a territory to legislate in vio lation of the Constitution, then indeed, it means something with a vengeance. It absolutely means more than its supporters meant; it means more j than the South bargained for; it means more than Congress could dare mean, and lias sacrificed of Southern rights, more than it has ever secured. We agree with our cotemporary that the inten tion was to remove the question of Slavery from Congress, liut suppose, for the taking of this question from the Halls of Congress, a law were passed abolishing slavery in the United States. Would the end justify the act ? Would it be said that because it removed this vexed question from Congress, therefore it should be sustained ? We think nut. Why? Uecause it is iu violation of the Constitution, in violation of the rights of pro priety, and. in contravention of all justice. Now, this is simply the same principle upon an extended scale, and its falicy must appear evident to every sane man. Our cotemporary says ' Congress is not a judi cial body." That's a fact ; but we think that a body which has granted any power or privilege, is the proper one to define the nature and extent of the power granted. Congress is the body to be stow the power of legislative authority, and we hold that it is the only power to restrict an abuse of this authority. The Journal would seem to think that wo ob ject to any interference by the Supreme Court in this matter. Not at all. The Supreme Court may interfere and declare the action of the territorial legislature in abolishing slavery, to be unconstitu tional ; but is a private citizen to be forever tormented by an appeal from Court to Court, at each and every time the Abolition Legislature may think proper to disturbs him in the quiet enjoy ment of his property ? Or should Congress, at once a;rdiorever, declare the action of a territory in consistent with the powers granted by them ? We can not see why the Democratic party should so far forget itself as to repudiate the Cin cinnati platform. That instrument declared the right of the people of a territory, whenever the number of the inhabitants justified it, to form a Constitution with or without Slavery. Here the right to legislate upon the question of slavery was clearly reserved until they should J'orm a Constitution- Our cotemporary has recited the 24th Sect, of the Act which organized the territory of Kansas, as an argument, which we here give : " The legislative power of the Territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of legislation con sistent with the Constitution of the United States and the provision of this act." What does this amount to ? It completely over throws the position taken by the Journal. It gives the territory a power to legislate upon, all rightful subjects consistent with the Constitution of the United States. The Supreme Court has already decided by implication, that such a law is inconsistent with the Constitution, consequently the power of a territory does not extend so far as to abolish slavery. The 27th Sec. of the same Act which our co- temporary has recited, is an additional proof a gainst the Douglas theory, and in our favor; for when the said act provides for an appeal to be taken from the Supreme Court of the territory, to the Supreme Court of the United States where the property in dispute involves a title to slaves, it thows, Unquestionably, that the act presupposes the existence of slavery in a territory; and the presumption of the actStself is against any power to abolish slavery. Now, suppose an aggrieved citizen in Kansas should appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States for protection ; what could the Supreme Court do ? Could it protect the injured citizen ? We think not. The whole power of the Supreme Court is to decide the right of a citizen to hold slaves as property in a territory, but it is impossi ble for the court to jirotect a citizen in his rights. Where then must the protection come from ? Most assuredly from Congress. The assertion of our contemporary is proof sufficient cf this, for ihey state that the Supreme Court is not a legis lative hut a judicial body Wo leave this to the judgment of any Southern man. TIkj whole difficulty arises from a want of examin ing the cause which produced the Kansas-Nebraska act. Under the compromise the people of the territories claimed a right to abolish slavery (as the Douglas theory claims now) ; Northern Con gressmen claimed a right to prohibit the admission of a state with a slave constitution, north of 36 30 and exercised a right to oppose the admission of a slave state south of this. The Supreme Court Jhas decided that all this was unconstitutional. The Kansas-Nebraska act, which repealed the compromise can not be paid to establish the right of a people to abolish slavery in a territory iu vio lation of the decisions of the Supreme Court. What then was the intention of the Kansas-Ne-brrskaAct? Clearly, to establish the right of the people when forming a constitution to abolish or establish slavery, and to do away with any power real or imaginary claimed by the Northern members of Congress to object to the admission of a state with a slave constitution. As for ourselves we will never waive a question of principle and act upon expediency. Had the South not waived piineiple.-i loug ago, and acted upon expediency, there wotild he no necessity for this discussion at so late a day. We do not agree with our cotetTiporttry that the sceptre has departed frotn the South, because the South never wielded it, The sceptre or govern ment is not for South of North it belongs to the Nation, let her wield it and the South will enjoy hef rights-her constitutional rights, and till then, htver. We will, in this and all other matters, pursue a straight forward course, regardless of the powers that are in reality or in expectancy, the opinions of Douglas, the Washington States, and their abettors to the contrary notwithstanding. Our cotemporary asks, ''can we find no foeman worthy of our steel outside of the Democratic ranks ?" We never imagined for once, that this question might'be answered in the negative ; but we have acted upon the principle, that any good nusuanuman win nrsi recuiaie me anairs oi nis , . .,1 . 1 , .1 p V? own house, before he will interfere with his neigh . bor's. The Journal thinks we mean to signalize a new era in the history of the Carolinian, by attacking them, and the Winston Sentinel , simultaneous ly. In either case we plead not guilty of an attack ; we simply stated our opinions upon the matter, and did not intend to cast any reflections upon our cotemporary for differing with us; but if an adherence to Democratic principles will sig nalize a new ?ra in the history of the Carolinian, we will plead guilty of such attempt. We trust this will be an end of this question for a time. We will not refer to it again unless com pelled to. rF'Wc learn through our exchanges that a fugi tive slave named Daniel Webster alias Danger- field, owned by Elizabeth Simpson, of Athei sville Va., was arrested in Harrisburg Pa., on the morning ot tne inst. tie was taken at six o'clock in the morning, by the Deputy U. S. Mar shall, Jenkins ; carried through an excited street crowd to the cars and taken to Philadelphia to ap pear before U. S. Commissioner Longstreth, It is alledged that six years since he ran away. Daniel made a very poor mouthed story, he has (as all negroes will have) a wife and two children and says lie has lived in Harrisburg for nine yeais, and alledges, that had they tried him there he would undoubtedly have proved his freedom. We do not expect Daniel will have much trouble to clear himself, as he can get lots of Abolitionists to swear to the fact, of his nine yearsresidenee. The arrest caused quite an excitement in the Legislature. Mr Irish, a young lawyer, made a very eloquent speech denouncing it as a great out rage. No doubt Irish will be a iion henceforth in this party the (Black Hi publicans.) It happene d at the proper time, and Mr Irish imortalizcd him self by taking advantage of the prevailing excite ment, and moving the suspension of the rules for the consideration of the " great personal liber ty bill," which resulted adversely for the aboli tionists, the House refusing to suspend the rules This personal liberty bill in substance annuls the fugitive slave law It is made the order of the day for Wednesday but we predict its deft at. Since writing ihe above, we learn that the Com missioner has dec ided against the owner of Dan iel. Quite an evcitcment prevailed in Philadel phia at the termination of the cause, Daniel was carried triumphantly through the streets by the darkies. Central America. Scarcely had the 35th Congress adjourned, ere the wisdom of our chief magistrate, was fully de monstrated iu demanding of Congress .1 sufficient appropriation to use the forces of the United States for the protection of the citizens and their property iu the Central aud South American States. We have now been favored with a view of the dependent and slavish condition to which our coun try would be reduced, should we ever be cursed with the misfortune of having an opposition Admin istration. Through the influence and mismanagement of that corrupt party, formed of the outcast of the political world, the warnings, admonitions, and recommendations of our discerning President were unheeded granting a license, as it were, for any and all, superior, aud inferior powers, to insult and abuse America, and Americans, with impunity. The contemptible little State of Nica ragua, encouraged by the prospect of a crippled administration, and the proceedings of the opposi tion in Congress, in refusing the necessary aid demanded by the President, has had the boldness to imprison American citize-ns and seize upon their property. Had the President that littleness or soul, and want of honor and national pride, which characterized the rank and file of the Oppo sition during the past Congress, in what a pitiable plight would the American peopMfrbe placed ? beg ging as suppliants at the feet of these Spanish mongrel whelps for their personal liberty and the enjoyment ef their property! With the magnan imity and patriotism of a true statesman, however, he assures the country that, notwithstanding the helpless condition in which Congress has left the nation, he will immediately demand the repara ion of this foul wrong aud secure a protectiont for our citizens. It is well for the country to have a foretaste of what the misrule of the opposition would be, and here is a most excellent exhibition of their unwar rantable course of conduct. The difficulties in Central America may easily be settled by our government, in comparison to the difficulty which may arise between our country and France, should Mexico think proper to convey to that power the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. If such a thing has, or is about to be consummated, our Government can in no way be a silent spec tator. If the latest reports by Telegraph-be true, that France, England and Sardinia, have concluded treaties with the government of Nicaragua by which a protectorate, or its equivalent, has been granted to these powers, our government in duty to herself must interfere. It is of the utmost im portance to us, that every foot of soil on the Amer ican Continent, shall remain without cither pro tection or occupancy by any European power. We Knew It. Some time since, we stated that the opposi tion were evidently going over to the Black Republicans, and warned Southern men of the fact ; but we had 110 idea that our statement would be corroberated so soon. We learn from one of oar opposition exchanges, that should the Democrats succeed in electing their Gov ernor in Yerginia, the opposition will feel per fectly justified in voting for Seward, Llale or Greelv. Here is the cloven foot at last j J . Can't See4 We find an article in the Charlotte Demo crat, headed ' Hon. Stephen A Douglas." The Democrat can not see any thing wrong with Douglas' speech or his position on equatter sovereignty. We are not at all surprised at the Democrat not seeing. They have been look ing so long upon the matter that their eye sight has failed them. Our friends of the Democrat would seem to think that Mr Donglas established his doctrine when he gave utterance to the following pathetic and forcible remarks, to wit : "That if Con gress had the power to legislate slavery into a a territory, sne had the power to legislate it out a power which he (Douglas) utterly de nied, and against which the South had long fought." How wonderful 1 If our cotempo- ary bad not looked at this quite so long, they might nave found a falicy in this assertion of Mr Donglas. Suppose the Abolitionists wer,e to gain the ascendency in the Old North State, and suppose they were to pass a law abolishing slavery, could it have any effect? We think not. Why ? Because it would be unconstitu tional. And doe3 our cotemporary hold that if they could not abolish they could not estabw lish it ? Is the power of abolishing a necessary concomitant of the power of establishing ? Oh no ! Why.? Because, where a thing maj be constitutional its opposite may be unconsHnT' tional. . Were there no Constitutions all these things could be done, for there would be no limit to the power of legislation. The unhappy crea tures who might chance to be in the minority, would be unprotected, crushed, and down-trodden by the majority. To prevent this,constitn. tions have been framed For what ? For the benefit of the majority, whose protection and power are guarantied by the strong arm and superior numbers ? Unquestionably not. Con stitutions are framed for a stronghold, fort ress behind which the weak may find protection from the ur.guided and often unwarrantable proceedings of the majority. The duty cf our State Legislature is to carry out the true spirit and meaning of the constitution, irrespect ive of minority or majority, so likewise is it the j duty of the National Legislature, to carry out the true spirit and meaning of their constitu tion, regardless of any and all sections, and until this is done, the South will never be on an equality, and never receive a recognition of her rights. The theory that because a body i can do that which is constitutional, therefore it 1 F can do that which is unconstitutional, is a ridic ulous absurdity. As to the other theory, it is quite new to us We never knew a court could pass laws to pro tect a right or compel! the enactment of laws for any specific purpose. We would laugh to see Chief Justice Taney, marching at the head of the Supreme Court to compel Kansas to recog nize the rights of Southerners under the Con stitution. Courts are created to adjudicate upon the existence of a right, and to define its ! delivered to him, either accidentally or intention 1 . c , I tionally, the speeches 01 others." nature and qualities. The Conventional Question. We must'yet address ourselves "to the fen erable and sage Journal, upon the question of " this District." We are sorry such is the case, but we cannot invent a remedy. The bashfulness of which we accused the Journal, was not of that nature which charac terizes the verdent lover oh no! Although ! they produce correspondent results, so far as outward appearances are concerned, still they are per se widely different. The bashfulness of our cotemporary is in kind, that of the sage and wily journalist, while in degree it resembles the other. We can not but think with our friends of the Herald, that in the matter of conventions, our cotemporary of the Journal is one of the most non-committal, non-understandable writers twe hive ever met with. It might have been a principle of jealousy which governed us in writing the article to which the Journal referred. We thought that while our cotemporary was receiving so many communications in favor of a Contention, that the Carolinian should not be slighted in such a reign of plenty ! We also judged that the communications must have been writtea by individuals and not by the party whose age and ability to act, we have not the slightest reason to doubt, iu th:s, as well as all other cases. Where our cotemporary differs from us is that it judges from individual communica tions we, on the contrary, from the acts of the parly. We are not to blame fothe ignorance of the Journal, respecting the wants of the party. When we wrote that article, we had. private intelligence from three Counties in the District, besides a public expression of. the wants of two others, and then we thought we might safely spak for this County. If the Journal is surprised at our want of bashfulness, and amount of boldness, we would state confidentially, that they will have occasion to be surprised very often in future in matters of a like nature. We would here state once and for all, that should the parly demand a Convention, we will in no way oppose it, we stated this from the first. We stand prepared to act with the party, but will not be governed by individual communications. The Newbern Daily Delta. The 1st Number of this new Democratic journal we received 011 Thursday morning. It breathes the true spirit of Democracy, and with its able and talented Editor, must succeed. Let the Democracy come up to his help man fully, both in subscription, and occasional con tributions in the nature of communications. We can give no better commendation to this handsome little sheet, than lay before our readers a few extracts from its salutatory : "As was stated in the prospectus, the fealty of the paper to the great Democratic party of the country will be affirmed with unflinching and uuvariable steadiness. As has well been said, that party s founded, at once, on the solid axioms of a pure aud radical philosophy. Its solidity has been proven in the marked ascen- dancT it has held both in the goreruraent ant? in the uunlic neart. uaseu uF.. . n..j Tna Ctl V Severe OI " piano aii the architects of States have wrought it avers ihe essential worth of man as its central maxim, and finds there the soul of its political perpetu ity and the constant impulse of its destiny. Tlie tenuous threads of human right and liberty are gathered in its stout nanus aim r .cr.Vrnwinr strength, no more to be Jjroken not even by the rusty rumbling ot all X 1 ':. ofrps thronsrh a vet uncreated time. B'U"-ft "O , ' . , Democracy has no iremuuug vigor uo cpucm dal duration. It has held its triumphant course along iruiu me v,F...v,.. tntion to the present day, directing almost un interrupted, the fortunes of onr government and Beople ; and presenting, in its clear and strict iiaterpretation of the Federal Compact, the only Just solution of the vexed question of States Kights and National Sovereignity, and to-day Inlands proudly ready to guide with youthful TTV 1 fi 1 a. l t tiasiicii.y anu successiui juugiueut me onwara march of our government f- .While I take a firm and immovable stand upon Democratic principles, I hope to be a tol Jower and advocate of that faith and a sastainer of those principles in a courteous and christian- Ufce manner, without the severing of one single brotherly chord, or insult or injury to any man, twhether favoring or differing with me in opinion. liut, should 1, at any time, be unjustly or nn askcdly assailed. I shall certainly reciprocate, and under all and whatsoever circumstances, lliall fearlessly endeavor to " roll the thunder ck." Gilmer Agair- One of the best traits in the character of the opposition prints is, that they can never be made to stick to one thing. When the charge against Mr Gilmer was made by the Democratic prints, the whole matter was called a fabrication. Now, when the thing is established, or when the demo crats are prepared to prove the whole charge, the opposition prints say : 44 that it is possible these speeches were not abolition speeches. Black Re publican speeches are not all abolition speeches." This is another exhibition of the tendency of the opposition prints, in the way of the Botts doc trine of 44 holy alliance and free negro voting." As naturally as an arpiatic fowl seeks its native element, so natural is it for the opposition prints to le an to the side of the Black Repub licans. Will Mr Gilmer or the opposition prints tell us at what time, during the 35th Congress, did Mr. Seward, or Mr. Grow make a speech upon any subject in which the question of Slavery was not introduced ? And above all, will they tell how they can reconcile the sentiments of the oppo sition prints with the statement of Mr Gilmer respecting the nature of these speeches ? Has Mr Gilmer not said that these speeches were sent to give friends a view of ultraism ? These speech es, according to Mr Gilmer, were ultra, as be tween North and South. This is a complete answer to the inquiry, as to the nature of these speeches : 44 "these speeches should turn out to be of an objectionable character, which we do not believe, we shall suspect that a fraud has been perpetrated upon Mr Gilmer in the folding rooms of Congress, where members' speeches are put up in envelopes, ready for mailing. That while he supposed he was franking his own speeches, the democratic employees about the Capital, (who do not appear to bo selected on account 01 mtegnry,; may nave Now, this is one of the most contomptable tricks -the most cowardly way of meeting a difficulty -rv eTfr sern. This will appear evident from the fact, that to meet the question, they will even dare to make their man contradict himself! Mr Gilmer says, the speeches were ultra. The opposition prints say, 44 they do not believe they icere," i. e. Mr Gil mer is wrong the speeches were unexceptionable. The opposition prints, who pretend to be Mr Gil mer's friends, have done him more injury in this matter than the Democrats. But the way in which they get out of the diffi culty is laughable ! They make it a matter of accidental or intentional fraud by the employees. If it were accident or fraud how was it that Mr Gilmer sent two and three to the same address? one his own, the other Steward and G row's? And above all, how was it that Mr Gilmer, to make the matter plausable with his friends, (of whom he had not enquired as to the expediency of send ing these abolition speeches) took the precaution to write upon them 44 specimens?" Specimens of what ? Specimens of my own speeches ? Iiidicu- lous, absurd, contemptible! Hobeson Superior Court. His Honor, Judge Heath, after charging the Grand tfury, took up the case of the Will of Alex. McKay, which was assigned for that day, by his predecessor, and after some tine consumed in the investigation of the same, the Will was established. The next case upon trial was. that of Malcolm Purcell, vs. John Walker, an action of ejectment, which, after patient hearing and full argument, was decided in favor of the plaintiff. Another case, (not to mention matters of minor importance) was the case of Bridges, Administrator or Hammonds vs. D. NcNeill. This case was perhaps the most interesting of all that were before the Court, for the reason that it involved many questions of interest to the profession, not only in regard to principal and agent, but as to the law upon the facts disclosed. Verdict for Plaintiff, it-subject to the opinion of the Court, upon a motion to nonsuit. His Honor being of opinion that the agent had disclosed his principal at the time of the contract (and for other reasons) set aside the verdict. Judgment of nonsuit from which Plaintiff appealed. : There were many other cases disposed of, either by trial, judgment, or nonsuits on the civil docket. The criminal docket was taken up on Thursday. The only case of any importance was that of the State vs. Cinda, a slave, the property of the late Gen'l McKay of Bladen, indictment Arson for burning the Mill of J ohn T. Council. - The prisoner was acquitted upon the ground that the only evidence offered was her own confession, obtained under duress. There were several larceny cases tried, only one of which resulted in conviction. Bill, a slave, the property of Mr Baker, hereto fore convicted of burglary, was sentenced to be banged on the 2Uth April 1859, On the Equity Docket there were many causes of much importance promptly decided by his HItis"proper to say that Judge Heath discharged his official duties with impartiality, decision and promptitude the best commendation that can be paid to a judicial officer. ' s JB-Republican papers in Illinois are sug gesting the nomination of a Southern man j for the Presidency by their party, with Abe j Lincoln, (Douglas' competitor tor the benate,; as candidate for the yice Presidency. Sensible Sxtracts. The follo'wing sensible piece is from the Dcmo- cratic Standard, Concord, New Hampshire. Atter reciting tne argument in favor 01 slavery it says : Such are the argnraents in favor of Slavery which its advocates find in history and nature. Coming home to the practical issue between the two sections, they find the fact, that, when our Republic was founded, Slavery existed in every Slate in the Union. The history of the period establishes the following facts that the Repub lic is one of sovereign States ; and that its fun damental principle is, the absolute and complete equality of the States. That principle recog nizes the independence and integrity of each and every State, with regard to its domestic institu tions ; and the equal right of all the States to the whole benefit of the LTrion. The govern ment of the Union extends its beneficent and protecting shield over all. It proclaims the greatdoctrine that the property of all the States shall be everywhere recognized and respected within the domain of the Union. It recognizes the doctrine that the pnblic property and do main of the Union, acquired by the joint blood and treasure of all the States, shall be enjoyed on equal terms, by the people of all the States. And these just and true principles have been ex pounded aud confirmed by the Supreme Court of the United States, in the celebrated Dred Scott Decision. Such are the facts and such the arguments by which the people in that section of the Union hi which the institution of slavery exists, find themselves sustained in the claims they put forth under the constitution of their common country. They, therefore, and with justice, claim their equal right to all the beuefits of the Union under the constitution. They claim that they shall be permitted to go into the Territo ries of the Union with their property, -whether consisting in slaves or in other things, and to be protected in its enjoyment, precisely as the peo ple in the nou-slaveholding States claim the right of settling, and of protection for them selves and property, in the public territories. Has right is demed by the people of the non- slaveholding States, and hence the dispute and contention between the two sections of the Union. If this great question could bo debated with out passion, and decided upon its merits, we think there could be no doubt as to its result, nor any danger attending its discussion. But, unfortunately, it has been drawn into the vortex of party politics, and lias become the hobby, or the football, of demagogues. And from this fact the great dagger to the peace and perpe tuity of the Union springs forth. One party at the North openly avows its hostility to the rights of the South notwithstanding those rights. sanctioned by history, nature and reason, have been recognized and fortified by the decision of the highest and most august judicial tribunal in the land. This party, avowing such perni cious and dangerous heresies, is the natural and hereditary enemy of the Democracy. Now, what is the duty of all true and in telligent patriots of the North in view of this state of things 7 It is, to inform and enlighten the popular mind ; to teach the people tlie true principles which lie at the foundation of our national Union ; to in struct them with regard to the rights of all the members of the confederacy under the compact of Union, and with regard to their own duties resulting from a recognition of those rights ; to preach to them the high mission of the American Democracy, which is the preservation of the integrity of the Itepublic, the promotion of its progress, and its prosperity ; and to impress upon them the necessity cf cultivating sentiments of patriotism, patience, forbearance, and con ciliation with regard to the rights of all the members of the confederacy. To the performance of these duties, the leaders of northern sentiment, the presses and orators, must come. The people of the South cannot honorably, and will not, sur render the clear and unquestionable rights which the federal constitution secures to them. If they are not peaceably conceded to them, no rational man can believe that the Union will long survive their abuse. Let us, then, meet this great issue at the North, like men of courage, and like true patriots. Let us unfold and argue, boldly and fearlessly, the clear and indisputable rights of our Southern brethren, and firmly maintain them. Let us have no more com promises of principle and duty, for the ac commodation of demagogues and cowards, or for the selfish purpose of uniting tran sient political victories. If necessary let us go into a political minority for years, if such must be the result of a contest for truth and justice. But the true, the right, and the ! just, will ultimately survive. The ' eternal years of God " are theirs, and they will triumph at last over falsehood, error, injus tice, and treason to our great and benefi cient Union, And, let the people the democracy of New Hampshire hereafter adhere strictly and firmly to principle. Let patriotism and justice guide them, and not the treach erous and seductive wiles of demagogues whose only aim is office, and the croaking of timeservers who fear to do their duty. The Democracy of this state have long been led away from truth and duty by demagogues and timid leaders in their . own ranks. In former years, abolitionism was boldly met and successfully repelled. Then the Dem ocratic Party was guided by intelligent and patriotic leaders. Demagogues and time servers have since slipped in, and usurped the lead of the once stern and indomitable Democracy of the Granite State. And since then, the party has been indoctrinated with Wilmot Provisoism, Douglasism, and aboli tion heresy in every plausible form. These false and short-sighted leaders, by wrap ping up the pill of abolitionism, in the plausible covering of democracy, have con tributed to spread the heresy, and its con sequent demoralization, far wider and more extensively in the Democratic ranks, than all the presses and orators of the abolition party, combined. We have had this " nig ger " dose administered to us in the last two canvasses in the shape of Douglasism. That heresy will be repudiated by the next Charleston convention, and in that event, the Democracy of this State must retreat from its present position, or go over to the enemy. The true and patriotic men of the Democratic party have no time to lose in defining their po sitions on the side of the constitution and the Union. Convicted. Last week, two negro men were tried and convicted of murdering Andrew Boyet, last fall, in Duplin. The negroes will I be hung. iMS. Washington City, D C., April 6th, The Courier d;s Etats Unis, the Fren ch paper published iu New York, repeats its state ment that an expedition for the conquest of Cuba is ou foot, and says that a portion of the expedition has alteady sailed. It is to land on some remote point of the island and await a ' general rising. Doubtful, The New York Herald has advices from Montevideo to the 10th February, stating that the Paraguay difficulty has been adjusted, Paraguay indemnifying the family of the man killed on board the U. S. snrveying steamer Water Witch, killed by a shot fired from a Paraguayan fort, and also the Company rep resented by M. Hopkins. Accounts from San Domingo to the 15th tilt, state that a Danish man-of-war blockaded the port of San Domingo. The Dominicans were manning their batteries. Washington, April 5th Central American Affairs. Despatches sent by the State Department to Minister Lamar of Central America, are of the most positive character, instructing him to demand from Nicaragua an apology, restitution and indemni ty ; and on a failure to comply with which, he is to ask for passports It is said that the Home Squadron will be strengthened, and that the commanders of the Gulf and Pacific Squad rons will be guided by the advice of Minister Lamar, in case of an actual demonstration for the defence of the rights and property of Amer ican citizens. In tue absence ot Minister Lia- mar they are to exercise a most latitudinous discretion." Washington, April 4th. Hon. G. W.Jones, Minister to Bogota. lion. George W. Jones, of Iowa, who recently declined the mission to Bogota, telegraphed to the President yesterday, withdrawing his de clension. He has been notified to repert him self immediately at the State Department. Norfolk, April 5th. No Nomination. The Convention which met at Suffolk to-day, determined to make no nom ination against Gen. John S. Millson. the Democratic candidate for Congress. Boston, April 5th. Dr. David R. Brown has been convicted of causing the death of Susan Cardine Webster by illegal practice. The punishment for this offence is imprisonment from seven to twenty-one years. Washington, D. C, April 5th, A. M. The President, remarked yesterday, that the peculiar position of our foreign affairs might necessitate the calling of an extra session of Congress. The Navy Department has sent orders to the different Navy Yards to prepare the vessels of war there with all possible despatch. An important Cabinet meeting called to-day. The Sickles case was taken up by the Court yesterday, and five Jurors sworn in. Pleasant Hill, X. C, April 4. IIigh Price of Negroes. Mr Wm. W. Peebles, sold ten negroes at Jackson, in David son county, for the following high prices : Dob, aged 23 years, $1,480 ; Silas, aged 53, (infirm,) 405 ; "Peter, aged 18, $1,400 ; Al len, aged i4, $1,200; Emily, aged 19, and small child, $1,410 ; Julia, and 2 small chil dren, 1 child infirm, $1,580 ; Ara, aged 50, (woman) $340. Ai.ba.sy, April 5th. The personal liberty bill, in the Legislature, was defeated to-day by a vote of 55 to 54. New Haven, Conn., April 5th. The com bined Republican majority in tlie new Legisla ture, is twenty. Liverpool Markets. Liverpool, March 22. Cotton. The sales, for the past two davs reach 22.000 bales, of which 4,000 were on speculation, and 3,000 for export. The steam er's news from America caused greater firmness in the market, which, together with the pacific uews, caused an advances of 1-1 G to J,d on per vious quotations. In Hreadstuffs there has been no regular market since the sailling of the Persia. London, March 22. The Corn market has advanced one shilling. Spirits Turpentine dull at 40 a 41s. Kotui steady. " New York, April 5 A. M. The Steamship New York has arrived at this port from Southampton with dates to the 22d ult. A peace Congress is to be held on Italian affairs by the five powers ; Austria, however, is not confident that the Congress can accomplish peace. Cardinal Antonelli has requested the imme diate evacuation of Home by tlie French troops. In the English House of Commons Lord John Russell had moved his amendment to the Reform Bill before noticed. Hartford, Conn., April 4th. Clack Republican Victory. The Republi cans have elected four Congressmen and the entire State Ticket by a large majority also, the Legislature. Crevasses in the Mississippi. New Orleans, April 2. Several serious crevasses have occurred in the river bank above the city and threaten serious damage, the water now being at a higher point than at any time last year. New Orleans, April 4. Large crevasses have occurred in the levee on the Louisiana side of the river, at Diamond Island, flooding many plantations. There are also serious ap prehensions of a break in the levee above the city, and five hundred men have been put to work in strengthening the embankments. The river at Vicksburg is now nine inches higher than during the flood cf last year. Rev. C. P. Jones, of the N. C. Conference, will preach the Annual Sermon, and W. W. Holden, Esq., of this city, will deliver the Literary Address, before the young ladies of Raleigh Female Seminary, at the ensuing com mencement in June. We understand that this school has never been in such a flourishing condition. Advocate. Satisfied with Slavery. The Ciocinnatti Gazette says a negro who had run away from Wheeling, and served a couple of years in tho neighborhood of Columbus, Ohio, was recently returned to his master by the United States Marshal. The negro, says the Gazette, express ed himself perfectly satisfied with the arrange ment. He said he had enjoyed two years of freedom, and had worked most of the time, and had not a single five cent piece to show for his services, and could not have any less if ho worked a life-time for his master. " God bless you, massa," said the darkey, as the decision was rendered, " I'sc satisfied 1 rise to no 'stinc- tion in dis country. I'se gwme back wid ye to yer ole home" and be went without a murmer. The American newspaper about to be es tablished in London will be conducted by Chas. Mackay, Lb. D., late editor of the Illustrated Aews, assisted by Hiram Fuller, " Belle Brit-tan,"