TEBMS, $2 00 PKUAC1
"THE NOBLEST MOTIVE ft ItHE "PUBLIC GOOD
)! POTABLE IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME XXI.....j0. is.
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, SM ?RDAY, JUNfcl 9V 1860.
WHOLE NUMBER 1217
WXJXiliUajLJlLl. ) 111 All N o
TEUMS OF SUBSKIPT10N.
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at the end of tb J 3,00
Single copies, ftvt ceiits.
oa Crip'i0a willbe-recei MJ for less than six
Rates of Vtlve tiiriK
r blxty cents per square of 16 I iefe, or less, for the
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aay period under three months. H.
i-or three months, . . . $4 00
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Other advertisements by th year on favorable
terms. Advertisers are partii llirly requested to
state the number of insertions d -Ired, otherwise they
will !,; inserted until forbid, and Merged accordingly.
JOB WORK of all kind8-cuted neatly and
P. J. SIXCLAIP, Editor i3rKOPKiETOR.
IUCAN J. DltVANK,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW
CLINTON, N. C.I , J
..VTTLL practice in the County $ Superior Court"-
of Bladen. Cumberland, a d Sampson, and o
the adioininv Counties. Office nei
Feb'y 10, lfcGO. tf
A. D- IvTcLi: AN,
Attorney & Couiiseil.vat Law, .
WILL attend the Courts ot ( imberland Moore
Johnson ai d Harnett Couu PROMPT atten
tion given. the collection of all clai as j entrusted to his
Il..r. 9 If 7 !
CLE3IEKT G. WEIGHT,
ATTORNEY AT 1 AW,
Fayettevillei 3XT- CJ-
VTLL practice in the counties OlflMaden, Sanip-
sou and Cumberland. Proi p attention given
to all business committed to his cl rge.
April 2, 1838. tf
w. s. norm! T.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR i.T LAW
LUMllEUTON, 1 C.
; Y,TrL,J ATTEND the Countyar I Superior Courts.
J of liobeson, Cumberland. E afcn and Colum
bus. All business intrusted to his care, will receive
prompt attention. O-lliceiu the Cuart tlouse
AITCTIONKKR & COMMISSIO J MERCHANT,
East Side of Gilleapit Street,
1' A V KT T K VI I.I.E , N . " ,
Nov. 13. 1858 .,Y
" H. G-'R A H ?i
Commission filer )ant. .
WILL gi v; prompt and peroono Mieution to all
Co:isi.u:ii!;iit.s of Spirits Lit Jeutiue, Ro.-In,
'jpar. Turpentine, and ail country p Slice for sale.
i&. ' l'"i-'l t-j up stairs over the . ur of Mr Vun
glaim and joiutug Lit tterloli's vh - f North Water
.fane 18, 1. ..a. tf M
F V V!
vy audi rrcuruj
oa, fronting 300
laldson streets, is
x of the business
I by all the bank
1 principal pro-.
jtll a convenient
om this Hotel.
'plllS. the most; c
L in North Caro
feet on Hay and Df
located in the cent
portion of tti
jn; houses, w
town, and surround
loiesale merchants a
ss men will find the I
All t!u 5t.i
9 tr.tt 'Vill
res a:-ri ve and depart
e. A-ril 2. 1 859.
S-o . es ;
i 1 are assortment of
Bqx and cooking
; Lead Pip'.'. Al
. For sale by
the " 01.1
omlnin Coffee Po1
V1NCT RECENTLY PURCHASED THE
Exitire ostoclx. Of
of Council & MeKethan, I am now" carrying on the
mercantile business at Council's Bl ft'
B H. LYON.
ht 19. 18."ft. w-lf '
For Sale a t reduced prices, at t e Auction Store
f- A. M. i'AMPBELL.
Xcvxit:fEi- OiljS, tfce.
KM. Retined. Lard. Linseed at.l Tanner's O IL
11ITE LEAD; Burning Fluid fatty ; Window
and !Sah of all sizes.
fresh supply ot 'Pond's Pair Destrover.
sale by J Aii. M ARTINE.
A Word To My Old Ffiends.
f Bl HOSE persons for whom I hav e jean atteudiug to
jL Bauliing busiuness for years : am still willing
to serve you with the same prqtnptue that I have al
ways done ; and to others that may 'wfciit discounts,
Pension business, Ac, &c. 1 otter n: services, with
a promise of strict attention L S. G. COOK.
June 27, 1559. 1 tf
IJ-V GEO. LAt )ER,
above u. l- iiuigu ',-ooirsi:
1 " u .,, V-
Fayetteviue, x. j
Oct. 1,1858. ly- r
Clicmit ami l Viffist.
Tmri T.K AND lib TAIL I KALER I
V I 1 V 7 lJ 1 -J - . IT
American, French and Erglish D-Ugs, Med
icines and Chemicals ; iarde j nd Field
Heed ; Perfumery, Dye-Stu4tpqUOr3;
Oils, Paints and Yarn 3 ;
Window Glass ; Gl;
ware ; Tine Soap. ;
Fine Hair and
Tooth i ii .
Brushes ; Paint Brushes 5jStS
t . .i inciMimani,. and Fancv
With all tbo Pateot or Proprietary Medicines ot the
y- Fayette ville, ?f. C,
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C
For the North Caroliruap
The Democratic Party Is ruined if the Baltimore
convention does not recede from the position it took
when in Charleston. Charlotte Bulletin.
How prophetic ! How kind to warn us. Demo
crats of North Carolina, unless you go for Yancy,
the disunionist the Bulletin will bolt ! J Gewhil
The Democratic party cannot be led by Yancy or
his mad and fruitless attempt to "percipitate the
cotton states into a revolution." The Democratic
party will act at Baltimore irrespective of Yancy,
and possibly may not even be frightened into an
abandonment of principle for fear of losing the ser
vices of the Bulletin, whose whole aim and work
seems to be bent on a division of the party. It is
well for us that the people of North Carolina thinJc
rationally, fpr some time they are compelled to read
little squibs that they doubtles laugh at. For our
part we look to Baltimore as to the only Democrat
ic national Convention, Richmond is nothing more
than a talkey blustering assembly. We will abide
by the decision of Baltimore and nail to our mast
head its nominee.
COL. MORRISON. Col. Morrison, of More, our
candidate for the Commons, is doing noble work for
the party, a friend writing to us says : "The Col.
makes but little fuss, but a number of friends." He
gives ad valorem thunder in a quiet clear way, dis
cusses it rationally, sensibly and to the point. Their
whole team (the Opposition) are unable to meet him
on the stump. They all acknowledge his election
by an increase vote over Dr. Shaw who is the most
popular man in the county. Three cheers for Col.
Morrison and the Democracy of Moore County.
W We had no opportunity to notice the corres
pondence of "Angus," in last week's issue; but we
intend to review them this week. They are masterly
productions and are worth a perusal. They have
given some excellent hints to ourself, which we will
avail ourself of editorially, upon ad valorem.
23iFA Democratic meeting in Thomas county,
Ga., nominated the Hon. A. H. Stevens, for Presi
dent, subject to the Bait. Convention; also, declared
in favor of non-intervention. That's our man, and
them's our principles !
Eff We see by the Raleigh Press, that at a
County Convention in Robeson, John II. Pope, and
Col. Alex. McMillan, were nominated for the Com
mons, by the democrats, and Col. W. L. Steele for
the Senate, in Richmond and Robeson. We do not
understand bow the Press received the intelligence
before we did perhaps the democracy of Robeson
can explain, or the Secretaryof the Convention.
European Dignataries. Wa are to be filled
tihs year with Princes from Europe. Prince Napo
.con, the Prince of Wales, and the Prince de Join
ville, are to spend this summer on the continent of
Auit-'rioa. - 'J'hcv --iU ti9ar m strrtrnjio t b i Jkni
see soino strange si
ghts during the Presidential cam-
''.The Democracy of the West are eery decided in
tlieir op-poailion to J)ovglas and will sustain no man
who endorse the doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty.
This section of the East is decidedly in faver of
the nominee of the Baltimore Convention and will
sustain any one nominated there, except they
should -unfortunately nominate YANCEY of Alab
ama ! In that event they would vote for Bell, rotten
and cracked as he is, of '-two evils choose the least'"
Oakried away with it. One of the steamers
from Cork to New York recently, brought no less
than twenty-six involuntary emigrants who had
merely gone on bo rd to take leave of their friends.
In like manner Bell's nomination effects the
Know-Nothings, but it is not so very delightful
gates to the
Wil. Journal gives the following dele- f
Richmond Convention from South 1
The delegates from the State at large are Mr. Rhett
r. Garlington. Mr. Burt and Mr. Middleton. The
delesratcs from our acliaurninr district, that renresent.
1 ' ''C3 ' L
ed by General McQueeu, are Win, S. Mullins and
J. A. Pargon.
fH e regard the Ga. Constitutionalist, as the
most national, conservative and able paper
m the j
South. Such labor in the cause of Southern rights
and non-intervention by Congress, with slavery in
the Territories, must and ought to be rewarded.
Long may it waive as the true exponent of demo
cratic principles !
(ST The "L,ittle Adder" is to hand, and is alj
that we could wish. Spelman is doing the great
work of the party. We appeal to our friends in
Elizabethtown, Lumberton, Carthage, and every
post master in the counties, to get up clubs and
forward them, to Spelman. Let this paper be circu
lated among the Opposition, the Democrats are all
right. Price of the Adder, 25cts, clubs of five, $1.
35F" Our friends who are in Town to-day at court
will please call in to our Office and see the "Addr"
and bring in their quarters. Every good democrat
should subscribe for five, to send to some ad valo
rem Whig, till we get over the few who are still
among the ad valorem ranks of the Know Nothings
in this section.
For tho North Carolinian.
Ed. of Carolina :
A letter appears in the "Courier" of yesterday
over the letters" X O U Y" in which the writer takes
occasion to go out of his way to abuse and vilify
Judge Douglas in a way not at all ereditable to the
writer; now it is very strange this writer should hear
so much in so Bhort a stay in Washington, it is
very probable we think that this ''ready writer" gat
in to the Black Camp where after taking on a small
quantity of Lager he had all this stuff whisperd in his
ear. Don't you think it rather suspicious? Judge
Douglas is a head and shoulders ahove anv other
man in the United States and hence all this
low flung garbage is cast at him ; it will re
coil upon the worse than senseless pate of all such
writers as this XOUY. and is to say the least of
it very bad taste in any naoer callins itself a Demoe-
au& paper to pmuisn sncn. i w. jn
k-ery inuoh like it. Who is be, let his name be
Juire 5 b, 1890.
From the Raleigh Press.
Discussion Between the Candidates for
Governor at Oxford.
Messrs. Editors ; The candidates for Governor
addressed one of the most intelligent and attentive
audiences at this place, to-day, that I ever siw lis
ten to any political discussion. Gov. Ellis opened
the discussion at half-past 11 o'clock, a. m., and en
chained the assemblage for an hour and a half, with
such a sound, logical and argumentative speech, as
to receive commendation from the most violent of his
opponents. His manner was plain, but attractive,
his voice, thouzh feeble, was clear and distinct, and
bi ?i rirnm pn t a wurp nrAdntrl in sucb a. mannpr' M s
tr. j onri f.. pnnvinH tba rnnaf vinlont in nnp
w,ord, his effort was noble, high-toned, and states-
manlike, and greatly excelled the anticipations of
his most sanguine friends.
Ha than Ad th nAnnl for thfi snnnort thev bad
given him heretofore, and congratulated them upon
the present prosperous condition of the State, and
especially upon the satisfactory manner, in which
the present system of public schools operated. He
came not before them now as a seeker of office. , no
he was before them as the humble representative of
the Democratic party, and as such would attempt to
discuss an issue which had been forced viipoa the :
fople uncaged anduiwskeayrpomtion pav
ty of This State. The Opposition Convention, which
met in Raleigh in February last, proposed to strike
out a certain clause of the Constitution. What was
that clause ? How came it there ? By what authori
ty was this to the opposition party odious restric
tion there ? And what good did it do, any way ?
j It was a clause for the protection of slave property,
j a compromise between the east and west, passed in .
solemn convention by such deliberate, wise and
' patriotic heads, as a Gaston, a Macon, a Daniel, and
' other names within themselves a sufficient are-n- ;
ment for its necessity. A western man had intro-
duced a feature into the Convention which was near-
ly the same as the present clause in the Constitution, I
J . 7
and went on to show by numerous arguments, that
it was a solemn compromise, entered into and agreed
on by all sides, as a protection to slave property, and
to prevent all bickering and strife hereafter. The
Opposition convention desired such a change as
would tax all property alike. No man was more in
favor of equal taxation than he was. He here read
figures from the Comptroller's report, to show that
slave property bore its proportion of t-x. Slave
property now paid State tax to the amount of one
hundred and eighteen thousand dollars county tax
$248,000, white poll about 57,000 now about 25,000, j
of this was paidy slaveholding voters, which would !
leave about eighty thousand voters, that paid about .
o J tr i
$26,000 tax ; and slave property paid about 300,000,
and had only twenty-five thousand votes. He cited
this proportion of the tax and did not the facts and
figures show it. There was now about $800,000,
000 worth of property in N. C, and of this about
$180,000,000, was slave property not one fourth.
Now adopt the ad valorem system, and there would !
not be as much tax upon the slave property as there
is now. So where was the surplus to come from ?
From the necessaries that wrere now exempt.
Whenever the Legislaturr desired to make an ap
propriation, they looked around to see what they
must tax, and if they saw that they had to increase
the poll tax, the3r would stop and go id further.
This clsrtse was then a protection, it was a check,
and a restraint, to unwise legislation, ard it wras to
the benefit of ever;7 one to keep it there. If you al
tered the Constitution how would you meet the Ab
olitionists ? for our .Constitution protected slave pro
perty as did that of the U. S., and if we altered ours,
could not the Abolitionists, upon the very same
ground, alter that of the U. S. ? And where, then,
would be the representation of our slave-property
in Congress, which we had now. Let it be chang
ed, and N. C. would loose these representatives in
He here showed that the law of Tennessee except
ed certain slaves from taxation in the same manner
as ours, and that Arkansas, Mississippi, and other
Southern States exempted them from taxation at
certain ages. He said the slave poll in Granville paid
fifteen cents for the poor, a charity which neither
the slave nor the slave owner would ever realize,
and if you would tax the slave that was unprofita
ble, the consequence was, that you would run them
from the State, and the tax would then be lost.
They also paid ten cents, for the education of the
poor, run them off, and who would then supply this
charity ? They paid fifty -five cents for county pur
poses which they never incurred ; run them off, and
their tax is forever lost. They also paid six cents
tax for the insane another charity which they never
enjoyed. When the Constitution is altered, and
slaves are taxed ad libitum, where is your guaranty
that the State dept will not be increased, where is
your protection ? It certainly would bj increased.
Slave property would be taxed higher, run out of
the State, and the tax it now pays be forever lost.
This provision was then a check, and if it was, then
keep it there. He here read several extracts, to
show that Abolitionists would and were making cap
ital of this discussion, and read a most conclusive
argument, purporting to be from the " Standard,'
but on again examining it, found it was the 'Regis
ter." The Black Republican convention, which met
at Wheeling a few days since, to appoint.- delegates
to Chicago, adopted the very same doctrine as the
Opposition Convention in N- C. He did not impute
them with Black Republicanism, but was it not a
' Vkflfl Cirm In CAO thom Qllmttmn. Ida irnrtr ami vwinnil
"'"' . Tr 6'uu,m:
ue read an extract, irom tne 'Jfet. intelligencer,'
stating that that paper would not be surprised if the
"irrepressible conflict" should soon begin in Vir
ginia, on the subject of ad valorem. He offered these
things to show tendency of the discussion of these
subjects. Slaves could be run off at any thime, and
would be, where they were profitable, but, land was
firm and fixed, and was mortgaged for the State debt
and it was therefore impossible to shun the respon
sibility. Did not every bank charter protect its
stockholders from excessive taxation ? Most assu
redly they did, his competitor at least thought so,
for he voted for several during the last Legislature.
Slave property needed protection- it was the object
of Constitutions to protect the minority slavery
was weak, and it was the advice of the great Madi
son, that whenever, any species of property was lia
ble to be attacked, that property should be protected.
He was neither in favor of taxing little negroes nor
old negroes, nor horse's, and a farmer's utensils
once yielded nothing, and the other was a necessary.
Here he read the Opposition platform on ad valorem,
and extracts from the different ad valorem papers,
and showed in what a different and ridiculous posi
tion each paper stood that every politician had his
own peculir view, and it seemed his competitor the
most peculiar of ail, for he had never been able to
get him to say how far and no farter he would go.
Read from the proceedings of the Opposition Con
vention, showing how flatly and unceremoniously
the amendment of Mr. Turner, to exempt such
things as tin cups, etc., was voted down, and the
.valorem. He said in his first speech at Gatesville,
and that was his position now ; that land tax could
nA u i. i tv- i- u q
now paid about $70,000 tax ; adopt ad valorem,
and this amount was lost; where was this to
come from ? who would have this to pay t The
land holder. It was necessary for the common
good of society, thus to check luxuries, which ten
ded to dissipation ; and protect necessaries which
upheld and sustained society. Was it right, was it
just, was it equal, to tax luxuries and necessaries
the same ? $10,000 worth of foreign liquors now
paid, into the treasury $100 tax ; the some worth of
abundance of the rich. The other was an actual ' Bank of the State of Missouri, says that the sua
necessity for the sustenance of mankind, purchased pended firm is indebted to that bank in the amount
by the sweat of thebrow and toil at the handle of I of $104,000 almont a tenth of the institution i
the plough. Was it just, was it fair, to make them ' available capital.
pay i! "wne per cent. He would leav3 them to
ansW. I the polls. He was opposed to taxing me-
chaul xid he was surprised that his competitor
did e sre to have that clause struck from the
rever ML -
Thi fs no analogy between the Democratic ad I
vaius-. d imu, ami uiai ui me . vsppuaiuuu uuv ;
that Vsted and discriminated this was ou. and
out hfiaontaL ,
BBiIAi9t; Competitor was so inexperenced and
short Jited during the last Legislature as to have
votes inst ad valorem, again and again, which
ilnnl kfitla thun tcil kncia I1 10
V VIVI l ... VLAtiS V.-. U. VWCI- . ' 1
Li oasis, rus
rasp bM were perfectly severe, and. Mrr Pool
eyesv ould squint as he turned his ear to the Gov.
He t took up thepropoition of a invention, and
provifenclusively that no two sections were .in
favo.M me kind of convention, and as things
nowi kL the Opposition party were not only ar-
' ." -! 1 1
jftfcion acrainst s. c"ion, by agitating a ques
'""telio too of them has the same idea about,
Jopl was the boasted leader of that party.
J&jthen referred to the rJa'timore" Conve tion
wbktLeold assemble in June, and his time having
expSaisji'iok his seat.
jTi wen arose so repiy, aauiroui wuat we
xif nim jcpfect t a Uc aa arurnen-
ative spoech, but his speech was composed of long
declamation, humorous appeals, and can't expres
sions. We could not get the connection of Mr. Pool's
8peech,vfor he would, as I thought, commence as ar
gument, and after making assertions, and starting to
the proof he would run off into some humorous ex
pression and wind up with goose eggs; and thus we
never could get an argument, and will have to be
satisfied with simply statins his position. lie said
ms competitor nau cnargeu mm wun arrying one
. . t j , ,- -.1
class against another, but that he, himfielt was tresn ;
j lro. a 5',ntstot tnat sort. N
uiiiroFiMiiun was uns, me uimsmuu mim.. iu1;
slaves as persons, and he proposed to tax them as
rpl.: .1 i ill . 1
property. This was the only government that made
the poor man a shield to the most valuable property.
1 he clause in the opposition platform protected the
native products, but the Democratic platform taxed
everything except negroes. There was now about
$700,000,000 worth of property in the State, except
100,000,000, and tax the $600,000,000 ten cents on
the dollar and a sufficient amount of revenue will be
Talk about protection, wasitjust and right the man
who owns $1500 worth of slaves should pay only
ghty cents, and the owner of $1500 worth of land
th, ee dollars. He was in favor ot equality, and when
luc urv vl tquamy raiseu ai uij wan..i uus, iw
-r p:i . i 1 - . C . c i
was in favor of it, and now he was in favor of equal
ity at the tax box. He was in favor ot protection,
all alike but in the name of eaven do iiot protect
slaves at the expense of the poor white man.
By ad valorem Slave cax would only, be increased
three cents on the $100, and if this Wiis to drive them
from the, State in the. name of common inse let them
go. It hald been charged upon him through the high
ways and hedges that he was in favo of taxing hor
ses, trncups. goose eggs dec, it was an infamous slan
der. He here cateoised Gov. Ellis, which resulted in
considerable laughter at Mr. Pool's expense. He
said he loas in fanor of taxing the private billard
tables worth $G00 the same as $500 worth of land.
Land yielded something nnd the billard table no- j
Here you could see the frown of contempt
rise upon the countenance, of the tiller of the soil.
He did not care to go into details, and did not to tha
last discuss the praticability of ad valorem.
Every Southern State except N. C. taxed slaves
as property and that was strong enough ground
for him. He here made excuse for the Conversion
of Mr. Ferabeej, Uncle Syme, and others over to ad
yjofn n one night, but the excuse was about as
good s his own for voting against ad vulorem in the
last legislature, and only caused a sneer. He asked
would they have been fools enough to have adopted
the amendment of Mr. Turner exempting tin cups
&c? He hoped no one thought so. As regards
the Ccnvention he did not care whether it was open
oi not. He wanted the people to ask him questions
on any and evjry subject, he stood ready to snswir
them. He advocated a great principle, and he did
not ask them to vote for him a mere man no, he want
ed them to vote for ad valorem because it was a
great priuciple. He then referred to the Opposition
candidate,for the Presidency, calling aloud in thun
dering tones, the names of Bell and Crittenden,
again and again, causing the crowd to roar with
laughter, but seeing his mistake said Bell and Ev
erett, lie did not care for a platform the name of
Bell was enough; forfeiting that five minutes before
he called, upon the people to vote for principles not
men. Here his time expired.
Gov. Ellis's reply was undoubtedly one of the
most withering, scorching, and annihilating replies
I ever heard, and the oldest men present expressed
the same opinion. There was such a continuous
laughing and applause that it was impossible for me
to retain my seat; suffice it to sav be referred to
Andrew Jackson's opinion of John Bell, and of Mr.
Badger's proving him in the Senate of the U. S. a
political liar, also showed some curious looking do
cuments, which Mr. Pool, said were Know-Nothing
documents, and referred to Mr. Pool's, Know-No-thingism
in such a witty and sarcastic manner, ss
to make me sorry for Mr. P. and closed by leaving
the assemblage in a most pleasant state of ex
Mr. P again replied, and made some humorous
expressions which pleased all, and endeavored to
ex-uge himself of his dark lantern relations by at
tacking Gov. Ellis. He quoted Mr. Holden again in
favor of ad valorem, and dwelt upon the name of
John Bell, as being sufficent for him. He said he
would trust McLean, that devoted abolitionist as
soon! as he would Douglas.
Thie discussion closed, after having an attentive
hearing for over four hours. The Democracy is
jubilant, and are globing over Gov Ellis decided
victory, while the Poolitcs seem to be standing off
This I think is" a pretty correct report of the
principal point taken.
''- SEND IT ALONG.
When in Halifax, last week, we had a little dis
cussion with an exeditor of the Opposition presua
sion, in the course of which, that gentleman challe
nge 4 OS to publish the Ritual of the Know Nothing
party. He asserted that we dare not publish it,
and guaranteed in the event of our accepting his
challenge that he would mail us a copy of that
Ritual in time f jr this week's issue. We accep ed
but the Ritual has not come to hand. We sup
posed at the time, that he was afraid to perform his
boastful promis, and our supposition was correct.
Let negro property alone like other property
to take aire of itself in the Territories, practical
issues arise, and then if a Territorial Legislature
mil r" .rr"f nitirmplff unitai Ilia l.inr la .... -.ic. i
f - 4 . J o
ine l Pr"Pria"ou ieory , pay
(i . ' Q
latuns of the Territories
i - " '
i the case before
or, it that won t Jo, take
Courts, and enforce their
the U. S.
The above is in substagce, just what the National
I 'emocrats at Charleston wanted to say, bat Messrs.
Douglas & Co. would not let them, and yet the
Express finds fault with the Democrats for wishing
to say just what the Express says. Oh consistent
: impress I iv. Jr. Day Boa.
BANK OF THIS STATE OF MISSOURI.
The St. Louis Evening News, in announcing the
s a uuvcior i mo
New York, May 24, I860.
editor of the Uarolinian :
The nomination of T.inrvtln ma.v lip a vorv
gooa one tor tne republican party, as tar as relates
to giving the ticket strengtn in the north-western
states ; but it is as weak a nomination as that par
ty could have well made for securing the vote of
this state. Seward is pretty generally conceded, by
friends and foes alike, all over the Union, to be the
great man 01 tne republican party, inere is not a
again, wuicn.j.-j i-foiii.rarii-,.1.,-. V. ii
' . . 7 0 ' T
K;-Qt r-.i-..i- r- u..rU-.i v..,
I pacitj) education and experience in public atfairs,
for the position of President of the United States,
, were it not for his anti-slavery fanaticism wnica
' iflarrs the symmetry of one of the most complete
minds in everj' other respect that has ever adorned
j the Senate cnambers. The republicans of New
j York would have stood the nomination of Clu-Si,
pernaps, wno is understood to oe a man ot capaci
ty, if expediency had demanded the nomination of
a western man : or they mi-ht even have submitted
to that ot Bates, if it had been inaue apparent to
them that as radical a candidate as Mr. Seward could
! not be elected; but they are justly indignant at the
selection of a man who is less of a statesman, less of
a scholar, -ks versed in publis atfairs and loss of a
specimen of a refined American gentleman than the
famous New York Senator, and whose opinions on
slavery are quite as radical as those of that gentle
man and have been expressed more vulgarly, and
more onensively to the ooutb.
One of our millionaire merchants, the blackest
kind of a republican, remarked i me, yesterday, in
an excited tone, "I would not hire a book-keeper,
sir, no, sir, nor an out-door porter, of whom J did
know something more thn th
people of the
United States know of this man
ey are "ailed upon to clothe with the chief execu
tlve honor of tnis great country. Have we no
j statesmen, sir, in the republican party, no gentle
j men, no scholars, no men who have rendered servi
j ces to the party ? How, in the name of heaven, sir,
can we go before the country with any prospect of
J success, with a mere local politician as our candi-
j date for the Presidency a man whose brigntest I
quauueauon ior mat position, as I snouid judge
from the boasts of his tiriends, is derived from his
experience in rail-splitting ? " It is possible that
there will be no overt split in the republican party
in New York ; but, that Bell and Everett will be
worked for and voted for, sab rost, by thousands of
republicans, there is not a doubt.
But there is also a large proportion of the repub-
j lican voters of this state who were formerly mem
bers ot tne democratic party, and these only want
some excuse for returning to their farmer allegiance.
The chaotic condition of tiie republican party, whose
managers have been becoming more and more dis
tasteful to the rank and file for the 1 :st two years,
is, of itself) nearly sufficient to break it down en
tirely next November, under any circumstances ;
but if, as is to be hoped, the Richmond and Balti
more conventions should merge into one, and unite
upon some man of sound national principles, and
personally unobjectionable to the North, it is
thought here by most intelligent persons that he
would draw off" from the republicans every voter
who was originally a democrat. The very existence
of the republican party depends upon the action of
the Richmond and Baltimore conventions. The del
egates to those bodies should remember that upon
themjrests a fearful responsibility. If they unite,
am exclude from tneir deliberations every other
consideration than their country's good, they may
look forward with absolute certainty to a victory so
decisive that black republicanism will exist thereaf
ter only as a matttr of past history. Succeeding
presidential contests will be between great national
parties. The black republicans, without their sec
tional principles, will have been absorbed, by 1864,
by the national democratic party and what is now
called the Union party. If, on the other hand, two
democratic candidates are put forward, or even only
one who cannot command the confidence and the
full vote of the democracy of every section of the
country, the black republicans will be encouraged
to rally round Lincoln, and thousands of patriotic
democrats. North and South, will consider it their
duty to cast their votes for Bell and Everett,
who, however otherwise objectionable to the democ
racy, are national men, and would administer the
government with equal regard for the rights and in
terests of every section of the Union. Either the
democratic or the republican party will be killed off.
That is certain. Which is it to be ?
A friend of Senator Brandreth, of this state, con
tends, in a semi-comic article in one of the morn?no-
papers, that there would have been no disruption at
Cnarleston, if the leaders of the party had made . g Mr YlWsy . Conspicuously in the disunion
free use of Brandreth's pills before going there. Ac- camp ? H p;st political record stre. gthens every
cording to this writer, "The disharmony had its ori- argun e:it tfcaJ has been m tde against him as a dis
gin in a stoppage of the usual evacuations of hono- unionist. Itltioroughly proves him to be an ultra
rable members, which first corrupted the humors of man. enteriaii ng opinions that are hostile to the
their bodies and '.ho-n ihosA nf th-ir minfte Tf tA
condities which the cold of Winter and want of ex
ercise had locked up in the bowels and 'solids' of
delegates had been expelled early in spring, the ex-
treme irritability and morbid sensitiveness displayed
oy wiose gentlemen wouiu nave given place to good
sense and good temper, few democrats are aware
perhaps,'' continues the writer, "that the smothness
with which everything went off at Chicago was due
to the forethought of some of the wealthy leaders of
the black republican party who expended a large
sum of money in Brandreth's pills, and distributed
them gratuitously among thir delegates as far back
as the first of April ; so that, when they arrived at
Chicago, they had been well purged, and their
blood was as pure as that which coursed through
the veins of our first parents; their breasts, conse
quently, light and joyous, their minds calm and
their tempers good.
ine ueenan testimonial promises to amount to a
large sum more than $9,000 have already been sub-
scribed and paid in. and efforts are being nude, by
the distribution of circulars all over the country, to
raise a much larger sum. These pugilists an 1 their
supporters are rather running the atfiir into the
ground. It is to be hoped that no American wen le-
men'will be so forgetful of himself as to contribute to
the Ueenan fund one cent more than has been al
ready subscribed to it. There may be no objection to
making the man a present be fittmg his station; hut
the idea of negVcting men whose services as inven
tors, and in vario s other spheres of progress, have
been of vast service to humani y. ai;d of rewarding
brute courage and the capacity to hit out from the
shoulder by a $25,000 testimonial, is preposterous,
and calculated to be productive of evil. It is con
templated to endeaver to raise the sum I have just
mentioned; but I should be sorry to hear thit the ef
fort hadjbeen successful. By the bye, the compromise
agreed to, between Heenan and S tyers is re r led
here by the "party" as a virtual concession by the
latter and his friends of the superior process of
Heenan. Ea,-h of the two men is to have a new
i , 1 1 tiw i.i i . 1 1", i-. -. , 1.. , v. ifha . . r w , r
lltll, HI- ' 1 W'l" . ll'lllg I lV lUl ' JLJ IT,
tire to oe inugnc ir oy wnoever aspire.- to tne
1 champinship, S.iyers agrees to retire from the ring
.Tom Hyer is dealing faro on rao.iey furnished him
by Thurlow Weed in consideration of servi- es to
; have been rendered Seward, during the approaching
campnign. J om got the money the day before lie
sturted for Chicago, so su.e was Weed of his man
being nominate t. When, however, Lincoln got the
nomination. Weed wanted to "go back an" Hyer
fur the money advanced. Tin wouldn't respond.
The Richmond Etyuirer says the evidence is
- - -I - - - I, , - -
June HU will adjourn avr and await the ftoal ac
tion of the Baltimore Conventior. Thiols, a feasi
ble view ot the matter. Let them abide the ajtioi
of the Baltimore Convention also, aad all will be
w elL -wSta adard.
The MJ id journals of the 8th have arrived. The
pana Oitiona a report that a Cabinet Council.
t,spana CVtiona a reoort
' presided tor r bv tlit Oucen. had
nxnlvad that an
. i i i... .i.ir..cod to the Uovern-
United States on the subject ot tne
.i American ship of war, in the waters of
Mexico, if t Snanish steamer the Marq
; twiner the Marquis ue w.
Nubana-ta seizure affected though the latter was
carryingfjvi Spanish flag. The following is taken
froit thpierponl Mercury, lGlh :
It seeif; iat Juarez and an American ship ot
war have9 if zed upon a coupli of ships containing
arms, aniLaknition and tr..ops for Mirauion. One ot
these shilBj - he Marquis de la llahaua. had hoisted
Spanish ft Ws, out Juarez and his Yankee eol
le;gae w full not admit the inviolability uud immu
nity of tl ussde guerre. They did not con.-i ler
tuatthefLi- covered merchandise onitrahand of
war; thejr ; Therefore captured the two ships, and
carried theo in'.o Vera O. iz. The Spanish Govern-
nient affofi indignation ; h has demanded redress,
ana S-snofL Unites, the Minister for Foreign Atfiiri
has declare in his iournal. the Enoca ; hat bpum
is prepar4 co enforce her claims shou.d America
re'use he Jress, . indemnification, and guarantees
that no stpn '-outrages" .shall be perpetrated lor tho
future, ji do not desire a war," says the Epoca,
"witu Any tui should it be unavoidable, we are
not apprefa sice as to the result. A nation which
has just sNf its blood and treasure in Africa in
defense otifes honor in the name of this nation,
which hast) us rendered itself great and powerful,
we demaifJ hat the Government shall display in
ths matt t ie utin-st energy. Ve hope that the
affair niajfu e settled by diplomacy; but should
diplomacy fa 1 we jcill write on America with the
poinzs or m swortis trie epoch w'tici wc have so-
I ffloriouslifitenrrienced on the burning sands of Af-
rial. LfrT tbev Yankees, we should think
recognize p. his .a specimen of ''pluck" and '
talk" which hev will find it d;tfieult to heat.
From Montjmery Ala.) Confederation, 224i?ist,
THE L13A1ER OF TIIE DISUNION PARTY.
In our iipa:, on yesterday, it wa shown, we think
very clearer; hat M . Yancey, at the time of his
w.itin" thrS inghter letter, was not only a disorgan
iser, bm ao contemplated revolutionising the South
by cuttingas nder. the cords that bind together tho
States of this Confedenc3'.
To the titt in ment of this end, his record proves
that he hvm 1 ;en working laboriously, faithfully and
energe ically; and he has only been prevented from
making thjesue ef disunion before the people, by
words of war ling from those who are reputed to.
exercise inon discretion. During the very excited
political cnt st that existed, last summer, in our
Coiigres0ip M 'Hrtriet. between the Democratic and
Opposit tj perties, Mr. J. D. Meadows, a vey in
fluential titan residing in the county of Tallapoosa,
jeing desirou- ascertaining the correct condition
of the poli3eU affittrs of the country, wrote a letter
to Mr. Yaii.e' to get his.yiews n the subject. To
this letter lMv Yaricejyreplied with a very long
epistle, frona -hich we make the following extract :
In I830,f f I idvcated disunion on three grounds,
viz: Thatr h the month ofAugustaofth.it year,
the Federul Government h id admitted CnhTornia as
a State, fo(tnt.i under the freesoil process of squatter
sovercigntr; . !iad dismeniberedalthe slJdiolding
(State of Texa and annexed a part of its soil to the
Territory otK ife xico; and had abolished the in
ternaHR ivtfetr de T0etweentnc States and t le Dis
trict of Coh-tE ia, a id had thus in effect destroyed
the Coiistifjuti nal compact of the Union.
'The Sdoti, however, voted down I he State
Rights ban rith which I acted, and, since I have
not again pfWj se or advocated such a measure.
I "Upon tiiat question I 'bide by time.' and shall
he ready wjrth the readiest, believing at the same
time, that skiflcient causes exist for a resort to that
exper.diencjr fen now, if it were expedient."
j So it wilf H observed that Mr Yancey, by his
own ail mi 'lid has advocated disuni n on three
grounds, audi laving been defeated in every instance
quietly asstnt I, though still indulging ihe.hope that
another ti:ae rould come. Do we not infer this
from his efpMssio! in the letter to Mr. Meadows,
"I bide mj. tiine ? What other construction can
be placed ube,!
When anmfliisr opportunity present itself for dis
solving thclJrior, will he then advocate it j"
So the reefci' of the disunion party writes in June,
1859, that pi theuesiion of disunion he bides
j his time, rd ii ready with the readiest, believing
; at the sainetj''ie. that sufficient causes exist for a
resort ta that emedv even now. were it expedient.
( Now, we lull -j our readers if we have erred in plac
. best interem ! IM section in wtncli ue uvua.
gy; , , -r
The Hxi.- Iasoed Highwayman. One would
naturally stoi se that a man who had suffered all
ne 0-ror pi hanging just short of actual death,
would 11ev4rV.sk; the gallows again; rjut sucn, in
one case at lea, t, was not the result. A housebreak
er named Sjtait i was hanged at Tyburn, Dec. 24th,
1705 and vthe; he had hung nearly fifteen minutes,
the people shotted." a reprieve T He was cut dowiv
bled and here overcd !
When asled what his feelings had been, he replied
in substanclTt-iat when he was turned off, he for
some time kri sensible of very great pain, occa
sioned by tie veight of his body, and felt his spir
its in a strange commotion, violently pressing up
wards ; that h: vitig forced their way to his head, he
as it were, saw a great blaze or glaring light, which
seemed to gft o it of the eyes with a flash, and then
he lost all sens' of pain ; that after he was cut down
an be-an t eme to himself, the blood and sp
forcing the-ksives into their former channels,
r.; tliortiuives into their lormer cnanneis, put
him. bv a sfrt f pricking or shooting, to such in-
tolerable pih,ithat he could have wished those
handed who ha 1 cut him down." Ever afterwards
kuW hvihi name of " Half-hanged Smith."
' This fellow fain returned to his f.rm ;r evil habits,
and was agUn tried at the.Ulu isauoy ior house--breakin-;
bf he jury brought in a special verdict,
leaving the sVf" to tne d-'c'Sln f the twelve judges,
who decideeVbj favo of tlie prisoner, Eveu this,
second wonf ir - e8eaPe did not deter him from re
suming his jlaS practices ; and the third time he was
to have beekrought to trial, but the prosecutor
died before Jfli 7 appointed, and thus he once
more got fre. Nothing is known of his subsequent
art on Committing Suicide. Q2&cer
fhii d precinct, while on his beat at
venue ferrv, saw a wuroau eitnin-
' Grogan, of
'jttX near tne lerry, whose movement
aip&picion, and he follawed her at a
i On reaching the end of the h cV .
I the woman
rUndy flung herself into the river.
I The officer
ited for help, and with the asit.ncft
of some of Oe!1,7 succeeded in rescuing
her. She pa cortveyed to the station-houe,
; where she gf fcher name as Mary West, and stated
I as a reason i t e. att th.it her husband dos cried
, her and was!,ivinSr,h another woman. She was
placed in a it1 "S1 inquiries could be made ; and
. i i. , , .
shortly afteC-Ils'-'v ?,!ceu toere, wa uuihuwu
charge heara-fB f i- the room, and on going in
discovered tj -fws attempting to hang hers.lf
witn a thick '-? cexd which she hand attached
i n ii Fottuiiatcly the pipe was too weak
Mr. Machine has prepared a song for the
Carolinian to-day. He will favor us with a aunabor
during tag CJLrnrairu
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