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f2 it iW rrtfvYtTTtv ) ft This AEGUS o'er the people's rirfits, Doth an eternal vigil keep No soothing strains of Maia' m dh Can full its hundred eyes to s GOIiDSBORO. N. C.. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14. 1901. KO 7 Vol. XIV UMki itt&mfc k& 1 111 i w Mi I i THE MURRAY HALL CASE Possible Solution of New York's Strange Mystery. THE STORY OP AST OLD BTJBSE. Ehe Is Convinced That the Late Sew Yoik Politician Was Mary Ander son of Scotland Their Lives Are Parallel Scotch Orphan Fled America to Escape Notoriety. to The mystery of the life of Murray (Hall, whose death In New York recent ly disclosed the fact that she had been masquerading as a man for more than 30 years, may be cleared by the story told by Mrs. Canning, an old nuf se, for many years connected with the Edin burgh hospital, but now living in Brooklyn borough. Mrs. Canning told a reporter of a case which tallies in almost every minute detail with the life of Murray Hall of New York. It is the story of a girl who adopted man's attire through be ing forced to earn her own living in her early youth; how when her sex was discovered after she had masqueraded for years she was driven from Scotland by the notoriety and how she adopted the name of Murray Hall. If she be the same woman, the Mur ray Hall who for years ran an employ ment agency In Sixth avenue was Ma ry Anderson, who, with her brother John, a year older than herself, was orphaned in her fourteenth year and left destitute. Mary Anderson and her brother struggled to earn a living, but two years after their parents' death the boy died. In a story she told sub sequently in the Edinburgh hospital her brother persuaded her to bury him as "Mary" Anderson and assume his name, saying it would be easier for her i to earn a living. I As John Anderson she went to the j little town of Govan, Scotland, and there married. Her inability to drop her feminine manners caused talk, and to stop it she married. Here her life begins a striking parallel with that of Murray Hall. She smoked and drank, ewore like a sailor and was fond of the society of other women. "Her" wife became jealous, it Is al leged, and separation followed. The wife disclosed the fact that "John An derson" was a woman, and a warrant was issued for her arrest. She went to Duddison, a small town two miles from Edinburgh, and later entered Edinburgh. This was in the year 1S70, the year of the smallpox epidemic In the Scotch capital, and when she showed symptoms of the dis ease she was taken to the hospital. Here her identity was disclosed in spite of her efforts to conceal her sex, and she was arrested on the old Go van warrant. Her prosecution follow ed, but was stopped when she volun teered to act as a nurse of the small pox patients at the hospital. According to Mrs. Canning's story, there were then two sections to the hospital, one known as Hamilton Hall and the other as Murray Hall. "John Anderson" was assigned to work in Murray Hall. This is the coincidence which led Mrs. Canning first to suspect that the Sixth avenue" Murray Hall was none other than the woman who had mas queraded as a man nurse in Murray Hall, Edinburgh. It was during the dreadful plague of the year 1870 that the girl tcld Mrs. Canniug her story. . The Edinburgh Scotsman printed the story in full, and the notoriety the woman achieved drove her from the hospital. Yv'herever she went she was jeered at, and finally, unable to bear up under the ridicule any longer, she decided to quit Scotland. She confid ed this to Mrs. Canning and was ad vised to go to America. This she did at the ciose of the year 1S70, telling her friends that she was going to change her name and begin life over again in the land of promise. That was the last they saw or heard of her. Mrs. Canning described to the re porter the appearance of the girl. The height and build were the same as Murray Hall's, and every one of her peculiar habits in Edinburgh finds a parallel in the life of the woman known " as a man in New York since she came from Scotland GO years ago. New York W orlcL Cities Struggle For Supremacy. The census of 1000 shows that only, -two classes of American cities have made especial progress those on the Inland lakes and those possessing great and diversified manufacturing enter prises. The river cities are growing more slowly; the coast cities south of Norfolk are making little progress, but between that point and Portland, Me., they are attracting large populations. The railroad cities, especially those of comparatively high altitudes, are also making considerable progress. The United States has more cities of 1,000, 000 population and upward than any other nation in the world. It has three cities of over 1.000,000, New York, Chi-, cago and Philadelphia. Our growth In wealth Is equally, rapid. Success. , GOODNOWBACK FROM CHINA Says Growth of Patriotism Was One of the Causes of the Uprising:. Among the recent arrivals at San Francisco from the orient was United States Consul General John Goodnow, who has represented this country for three years at Shanghai. He comes back on a 60 days vacation. Mr. Good now has an Intimate acquaintance with many of the leading Chinese officials, and what he says about the recent trouble and the chances for. peace is Interesting, says the New York Sun. He declares that the policy of the United States toward China is the only fair one and that America is the only country in which the Chinese have any confidence. Among the chief causes of the Boxer uprising Mr. Goodnow places the gen eral diffusion of knowledge of outside affairs among the common people due JOHN GOODNOW. to the telegraph and newspapers. Since the Chinese-Japanese war there have been a great increase in the use of the telegraph and a rapid development of newspapers. The reading of newspa pers has resulted in a growth of pa triotism. Sectional discontent, railroad competition against native labor, news paper knowledge of foreign ideas of China and the growing up of Chinese patriotism helped to bring about the Boxer war, Consul Goodnow says. Six teen out of 19 provinces were kept out of the uprising through the Influence of the viceroys, but many of these same viceroys told him personally that If the partition of China were attempt ed they would not for a moment try to restrain the people of their provinces. They would fight. The middle class, including the mer chant element and officials, is particu larly well disposed toward the United States. The people know that this j country does not want any part or China. They refer with approval to the note cf Secretary Hay in which he declared for an open door in China. They approve also the refusal of Ad miral Kempff to fire on the Taku forts, and they recognize that a Chinese gets the same justice in an American court in China as Americans. Li Hung Chang personally told Consul General Goodnow that he rated American mis sionaries as superior to those of any other country. American missionaries were builders and conductors of hospitals and educa tional institutions in China, and no oth er missionaries had attempted these things. Thousands of Chinese were freely treated in the hospitals, and thousands were instructed in the schools. Mr. Goodnow says it was ab surd to charge the missionaries with causing the Boxer war. They were simply hated by the Chinese as one part of a great foreign element that threatened to upset the national insti tutions. THREE PLANETS NEAR EROS. Dr. Brooks Reports a Discovery hy Sleans of Pbotograpliic i'lates. Dr. William E. Brooks, director of the Smith observatory in Geneva, N. Y., has discovered three small planets near Eros by means of photographic plates, says the New York Sun. The plates were taken a few evenings ago. While developing the negative Dr. Brooks noticed that there were ap parently other bodies than Eros on the plate. The newly discovered planets are within one degree of Eros. The brightest one of them is somewhat brighter than Eros. They belong without doubt to the series of planets and other bodies which are revolving between Mars and Jupiter, of which the first one, Ceres, was discovered Jan. 1, 1801. Most of the little fellows revolve in a compact ring, except Eros. This planet crosses the orbit of Mars at cer tain periods and approaches to within 4,000,000 miles of the earth. Eros, Dr. Brooks says, is receiving much at tention from astronomers just now because it is hoped to secure from pre cise observations of It a closer deter mination of the sun's parallax. Dr. Brooks will keep the newly discovered planets under observation to discover their Identity and orbits. A Texas town has sent Mrs. Na tion a new hammer flUSH TO KIQVJA REGION. Home Seekers Will Flock to the Wichita Mountains. ' BTOETES OP HIDDEN TREASURE. "Whether Minerals In Paying; Quan tities Are to Be Fonnd In the Wlck- ltas Is Yet to Be Determined IodI i an Legends of Mounts Scott and Sheridan. Among the many attractions of the far famed Kiowa and Comanche coun try probably none has created such widespread interest as the . Wichita mountains since it has been noised abroad that they abound In burled min eral wealth. Opportunity knocks but seldom at the poor man's door, and as this is the last of the large Indian res ervations to be opened to settlement It behooves him to take time by the fore lock in this instance, says Florence Crofford, the Ninnekah (I. T.) corre spondent of the Kansas City Times. An unusually eager rush of homeseek ers is expected, this reservation holding forth, as it does, such rare induce ments in the way of climate, soil, game, fruit, pasturage, mineral resources and, best of all, streams of pure, healthful water. Its topography should be stud led with zealous care by homeless in truder and intelligent Indian alike. Perhaps there is no range of moun tains in all the broad southwest so re plete with romantic legends or accred ited with such vast hordes of hidden treasure of gold and silver as the Wich ita range. They are supposed to be outcroppings of the Rocky mountains. They take their rise near Fort Sill, the principal chain running for a distance of 60 miles northwest, when they dis appear. The peculiar formation of the great masses of gigantic granite bowl ders piled high in picturesque confu sion upon the summit of the mountains gives to the Wichita range an individ ual charm that is lacking in most minor" mountain chains. Prospectors drawn thitherward by the greed of gold have tried time and again to locate mining claims in the heart of this rich region, only to be re ported at the agency by lynx eyed red skins, who jealously guard the treasure buried in the mountains' silent breast, The unfortunate "sooners" are there upon summarily escorted to the borders of the reservation by a squad of Fort Sill soldiers with strict orders to return no more. It is an undisputed fact back ed by intelligent investigation that gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, asphal tum, coal and other minerals are to be found in these mountains, though whether they exist in paying quantities is yet to be determined. An ancient Indian legend tells how years ago a band of red men. in de fending their stronghold from invading palefaces, exhausted their supply of bullets and, lead being unobtainable, they molded a fresh supply of bullets from that wonderful yellow metal yielded up to them from the depths of their rocky haunts. Mount Scott, the proud patriarch of the range, lifts his hoary head and moss begirt bowlders 1,400 feet above the level of the encircling plain and 4,000 feet above the sea level. This mountain was so named in honor of General Winfield Scott by General Sherman, who also founded the mili tary post at Fort Sill. His satellites are many among them Saddle moun tain, which bears so striking a resem blance to the huge saddle of bygone days, even recognizable miles away, that the name is naturally suggested; Signal mountain once boasted a gov ernment signal station on its summit, hence the name; picturesque Mount Sheridan, 1 whose wild, rugged rocks, rising sheer from the ground, cast gro tesque shadows upon the rolling green valley embracing its feet, and Medi . cine Bluff mountain, taking its name from the creek of the same name near Fort Sill. A very romantic Indian legend clings to this queer shaped mountain, which presents the appearance "of, having been cut in two from summit to base, one-half alone remaining. The Indians regard this freak of nature with deep veneration. In days of old two of their bravest young warriors sued for the hand of the same dusky damsel. She, like the Sioux chief's daughter, celebrated in song and story, set for them a well nigh hopeless wager. They were to mount on their fleet ponies, ride to Medicine Bluff, and, after "making medicine" and blindfolding both men and animals, ride at full speed to the top of the mountain. The young brave who was courageous enough to ride off the bluff was to have won the maid, but, alas! for the bronze cheeked beauty, both lovers met with cruel and instant death! The ascent to Mount Scott reveals marvels of nature's lavish handiwork varicolored rocks, round and oblong j bowlders of dark brown hue, which on being broken display, viid streaks of red, indicating the presence of mica, quartz and feldspar, and deep gorges, down which trickle the pellucid moun tain streams that later on develop into important creeks. On reaching the crest a view of grandeur and beauty is spread out before the traveler's, delighted eyes. It comprises fertile valleys, sparkling streams, rock capped mountain ranges, stretches of timber and acres upon acres of rich virgin land idly await ing the hand of energetic farmers to wake them' Into "fields of living green." The writer acknowledges her In debtedness for some of the facts and legends used in this article to a pam phlet issued at Chickasha, L Tn In 1894, by D. P. Smith. HORT NEWS STORIES." Compensation For a Bad Oder Spoil ed the Spider's Scene A "Progress" Report. Txrd Rosebery, formerly premier of Great Britain, surprised some of his hearers at a recent gathering by refer ring to himself as an agriculturist, says a London newspaper. It is not generally known, even In England, that Lord Rosebery, statesman, author, sports man, is also a farmer. His farm is at Mentmore, on the splendid estate which came to him on his marriage. It is conducted on the highest scientific principles and is one of the first model fruit farms in England. Large quanti ties of fruit come from Mentmore to the London markets. Lord Rosebery has also a dairy farm on the Mentmore estate. At Dalmeny his association with the world of industry is in the form of shale mines lying on a remote corner of his estate. Now and again the wind brings the smoke and smell of the mines up to the mansion, and it was this which provoked a visitor to remark on the nuisance of having such things so close by. "Ah, my friend," said Lord Rosebery, "however unpleasant it may be to you, to me it is the smell of 25 per cent." Spoiled the Spider's Scene. H. Cooper Cliffe tells an amusing story cf Lis first performance of the Spider at the Globe theater, in London. In the last act of "The Silver King" the Spider locks a case of jewels of enormous value in an iron safe. Mr. IHl it ill "THE JEWELS ARE SAFE." , Cliffe did some elaborate business with the key and the safe and turned to the house to give full weight to his lines: "Securely locked. The jewels are safe." There was a roar of laughter. He spun around and perceived that the locked doors were wide opeu again, giving the audience a full view through the back of the safe of a lime light and the legs of the stage carpenter. A "Progress" Report. Congressman Clayton of Alabama was sitting in the cloakroom of the house when one of his colleagues drift ed in. "How are they getting along with the river and harbor bill?" asked Clay ton. "Well," was the reply, "I can report progress." Clayton laughed. "That reminds me," said he, "of an old negro down in my district who was known as Henry Bur ley. He was quite a steady church goer, used to pray loudly and sing lus tily, and so when the congregation de cided to build a new church he was placed at the head of the committee to solicit subscriptions. He provided him self with a little book, and as he was well known to all the merchants of the town he soon raised quite a little sum of money. Whenever the congrega tion called upon him for a report of his endeavors he always answered, 'Brud dren, I'ze only able to report progress.' And he reported progress and nothing more for at least a year. At the end of that time the church had nothing, but nrley was living In a new cabin which he had built for himself. He maa still renoxtinii- nroeress." Wash- -J! I! II' II I I I! Ill II I ROOT WELL GUARDED. Novel Experiment Being Tried In War Secretary's Office. ELABORATE SYSTEM ESTABLISHED How Chance Callers Are Prevented From Gaining? Admittance Into the War Department Accurate Secret Code In-vented on the Lines of the Morse System. Department officials are watching with considerable Interest the progress of a new experiment in the office of Secretary Root, writes the Washington correspondent of the New York Times. The latter has been busy for some time trying to discover a way of preventing the consumption of his time by calls from people outside the war depart ment, congressmen included. His new experiment is an attempt at a solution of this problem. An hour before the time for closing the war department all doors leading to the secretary's office are shut and locked. This does not mean that the office Is closed. On the contrary, work Is going on as busily as ever. Inside the main room of the office are three or four sturdy colored watchmen who re main behind the locked doors to let out people who were in before the place was closed up and to see that nobody slips In. People come and try the doors and go away disappointed. All through the rest of the big department there is SECRETARY ROOT. every sign of life. Doors are swinging open, and clerks are constantly passing In and out, typewriters are clicking, and messengers are bustling about. Only the doors leading to Mr. Root's sanctum are locked and guarded, and there a stranger will see no sign of life. So strictly is this carried out that even the door leading from Chief Clerk Schofield's room Is locked, although this door does not open on the hall, and no ordinary man would think of gain ing entrance through it. But it was concluded that some one very intent on seeing the secretary might get into Mr. Schofield's room on some pretext and then, watching his chance, steal through the door into the main room. Even then the stranger would have to pass over the dead bodies of the three lusty colored men before he could pen etrate to the next room, which contains Private Secretary W. S. Coursey and Confidential Clerk F. C. Squires. He would then have to overcome Coursey and Squires before he could get into Mr. Root's room. It was decided, how ever, to take no chances, and Mr. Seho field was locked out. But it was necessary to devise a way by which Mr. Schofield could get in to see his chief. It would also be a disa greeable predicament if one of the col ored messengers passing out on an er rand should be unable to get in- on his return. There were also others in the department who must find a way to get in and see the secretary. They could not do it by trying the door or knocking, because the garrison was in structed to pay no attention to such primitive methods of getting in. This problem was grappled with and a solution- found. .A secret code was Invented, comprehensive and accurate. When Mr. Schofield or any of the other persons in the secret wants to get in, he delivers a peculiar series of knocks on the door, built, it is believed, on the lines of the Morse system. This cipher knock means, "I want to get in." It is Instantly recognized by the garrison, and one of them advances to the door. He does not open it, however. It oc curred to the deviser of the system that some lurking congressman or visiting New Yorker' or other nondepartmental person might by dint of hanging around the door and listening for some time acquire the secret of the code and after committing it to memory deliver an imitation which would deceive the very elect. . The sentinel therefore advances to the door and delivers a peculiar knock, which means, "Advance, friend, with the countersien. He listens, and If the person outside Is really one of the initiated and not one of the general public he "comes back" with the next number on the code, which is the coun tersign. This satisfies the sentinel, and the door is unlocked and instantly closed again behind the new arrival. The new system works to the secre tary's satisfaction. The other cabinet officers are aware of it, but none of them has yet recognized Its advan tages to the extent of initiating It. Among the clerks in the other depart ments it is customary to "guy" those in the war department since the new sys tem came into vogue. Those in the sec retary's office are known as the "Ma sons" and are frequently greeted with cries of "Thirty -second degree" and "Admit the brother." PHOTOGRAPHIC PILLOWS. Hew Use For the Ubiquitous Camera Discovered by an Amateur. An ingenious amateur photographer has discovered several new ways of printing pictures upon cotton cloths directly from the negative plate. His best work is accomplished with what is known as the blue print method. The effect is curious and attractive. Upon the cotton cloth the finished picture, whether a portrait, landscape, marine view or battleship, appears in a rich blue almost as accurately as m an or dinary silver print. It has the advan tage of never fading, and it will stand several washings before it loses its brilliancy. The cotton cloth is made into a pillowcase, pillow sham or cush ion cover. It may be trimmed down, edged or braided and then applied by needlework to a pillow sham or cush ion. The artist has in his parlor a sofa cushion on which are no less than nine portraits, each about 4 by 6 inches. They are separated by silver and gold thread embroidery and fram ed in the same kind of needlework. He has made naval cushions, on which are views of our leading battleships, and another set which discloses glimpses of the great parks of the metropolis. The inventor claims to be a benefactor of the race. The student, thanks to the invention, can. have his lesson reproduced upon the bedclothes and begin his studies the moment he awakes. Romantic lovers may have the photographs of the objects of their affection stamped upon their pillow cases. . sofa cushions and chair tidies. In "finishing schools" the rules of eti quette can be printed upon the table cloths and napkins, and abseutminded men can have memoranda placed upon their cuffs and shirt sleeves. New York Post. BRITISH PRAISE OF DE WET. A. London Journal's Panegryrio of the Slippery Boer General. De Wet has slipped through the fin gers of our men again. Like some dis embodied spirit to steal a famous description of Lord Rosebery he ap pears and disappears with a frequency and rapidity which are as bewildering to us as they are creditable to him, says The King. In its heart of hearts the British army must be proud of him. For months he has been surrounded by cordons drawn so tightly that he could not possibly escape, and for months he has been escaping from the tightest cordons that could be drawn. He is the most intensely Interesting person ality of the war, a miracle and mys tery. Yet the man who holds the British army at bay is a simple farmer. He has read no military textbooks and has been to no military school. He knows what many English farmers would give much to learn how to make a fortune out of farming and though he is said to hate the devil and the English with the same hate, he has supplied tons of farm produce to feed the English at Johannesburg. But his practical experience of war fare has been little, and the part he Is playing today suggests that great sol diers are born and not made. He is the greatest guerrilla soldier since the world began. He is the general traffic manager of South Africa. He could end the war tomorrow if he would. But he won't. He is the bravest of the brave and unmatched in the knowl edge he has of the country for which be is fighting to the death. lie i3 said to have made a fortune by farming. He could make half a dozen fortunes by opening schools of military tactics In all the capitals of Europe. Half the generals of the world would be among the pupils. When he is captured there are two things we should do with him. The first is to make him a loyal Britisher, and the second to put hinr Bide by side with "Bobs" in Pall MalL ! " ' - - Why She" Did It. "But I don't love you!" objected the young woman. "Then why," howled the indignant youth, referring hastily to divers mem oranda In his pocket diary, "did you eat a total of 65 pounds of 60 cent candy I brought you during the closing year of the nineteenth century if you dldnH love me?" i "Because," she said, with a rapt ex pression on her lovely features, "I do love candy T Chicago Tribune. V 7 .ST i '