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of Yuma County, YUMA COUNTY. A white man first set foot on what is now Ynnm County in 1771. It is the southwest division of the Territory, and one of the four original counties of the Ter ritory. Many great reclamation projects are however on foot, and hi a few years ex pect to Bee Yuma County rated as the richest in the Territory. The first glimpse the traveler from Cali fornia catches of Arizona is that of the picturesque town of Yuma, which is snugly situated in the embrace of gentle rolling hills, upon whose crests and sides the modern homes of our superior civilisation are crowding the adobe dwellings into eternal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to Arizona, the new empire of the West, upon whose undeveloped riches the eyes of the ountry are at present turned, and aa such, she is bcund to grow and prosper with a rapidity that at present can hardly be re alized. But coupled with her geographi cal position we find that she is the center of a country whose agricultural possibili ties are practically unlimited, being sur rounded by a soil the fertility of which exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and wanting osly water to become a paradise of bloom. Billions of gallons of that precious fluid have annually gone to waste at Yuma's very doors, but already a reaction is taking place and many enterprises are on foot to supply the life-giving waters of the yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth. RIVERS OF YUMA COUNTY. In regard to climate, healthfulness, fer tility and productiveness of soil, facilities for cultivation, irrigation and abundance of water supply, variety of resources and cheap transportation by rail and by water, no part of Arizona can surpass Yuma county, which is destined to become one of ichest and most prosperous counties in Arizona. It lies between 32 00' and 34 20' north latitude and 113 20' and 114 40' west longitude. It contains 6.488,320 acres. It is about as large as the States of Rhode Island, Connecticut and Delaware com bined, or as large as either New Hampshire, Vermont or Massachusetts. The western boundary of Yuma County is formed by the Colorado river, which separates Arizona from California. The county is bounded on the north by Williams Fork and the Santa Maria river, whose waters flow into the Colorado; on the east by the counties of Pima, Maricopa and Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora, Mexico. Its county seat is the town of Yuma. The Colorado river drains the entire ter ritory of Arizona, and every drop ot water which falls on its mountains and plains finds its way to this mighty river. It is formed by the union of the Green and Grand rivers, fed by the streams which rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt ing snows cause a greater depth of water in this river in summer than in winter, thus furnishing the most water at the season when it is most required for the purposes of irrigation and agriculture. It will be seen that for the entire distance along its western boundary, Yuma County possesses the great advantage of cheap water transportation. The Gila river rises in the western part of New Mexico and is fed by numerous streams, among the most prominent of which are the San Pedro, A?ua Fria, Has sayampa and Salt rivers. It flows west through Yuma County and empties into the Colorado at the town of Yuma. Yuma county, traversed by these great rivers from its northern to its southern, and from its eastern to its western bound aries, possesses a far greater ivater supply than any other county in the Territory, and far more than can be found in all Cali fernia. This water is now being diverted from its natural channels by means of numerous large irrigating canals, and utilized for the purpose of reclaiming and irrig"ting the immense tracts of lands which lie in this favored country, and which are as fertile as any in the world. The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the Colorado river at the town of Yuma and runs through the county, following the gcnerol course, and at an average distance of about four miles south, of the Gila river, rendering all the lands susceptible of irri gation and cultivation, can find an easy outlet in this way and can be transpoited to all the markets and centers of population in the East or West. Another competing railroad is projected from San Diego, California, to the town of Yuma, and thence along the north side of the Gila river. Thus Yuma County will have exceptional railroad advautages. THE CLIMATE OF YUMA. The climate of Yuma for nine months of the year has no equal, as we believe, in the world, and during the remaining three months of the year, comprising June, July and August, the heat is not oppressive. Even though the thermometer in mid-summer may &i times rise above 100, and oc casionally even reach 110, yet, owing to the absence of moisture in the air, it is not oppressive. The atmosphere is pure, light and balmy. When the mercury marks the highest extreme of heat, a person aoes not feel that oppression or debility which i felt in the Eastern States when the mer cury is ranging from 80 to 90. The air is so dry that perspiration is absorbed as soon as it reaches the surface of the body, and at no time in the summer does the heat produce any discomfort. LANDS AND SOILS. The lands of Yuma County comprise the rivi r bottoms and valleys and the uplands or mesas. The bottom ands are moister and slightly mere fertile, if, indeed, it is possible to mike comparisons where all are so wonderfully productive and prolific. The uplands or mesas are warmer and, perhaps, slightly better for the cultivation of the citrus fruits. Sums contain? r variety of soil. Th, valley land o the Gila and Colorado livers have foi the most part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray sandy lo m, resting, in most places, upon a gray clay subsoil at a deth of from ten to twenty feet below the surface, The clay subsoil fcrms a hard pan which is impervious to water. Thc3e soils have been slowly former! by the decomposition of shales, sandstones, marls, limestones, etc., mixed with or ganic and vegetable matter, washed down by the mighty rivers and have been gradually deposited during the course of centuries. The fertilizing brownish mud held in the water of the Colorado and Gila rivers resembles that from the Nile, and its quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent., though the water when even considerably discolor ed by mud is good to drink, resembling in this res pect the .Missouri river water. A chemical analysis of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent parts of each. That of the Colorado exhibiting a trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and car bonadc of limestome beds through which the Colo rado passes. In other repocts the sediment of the Colorado is almost identic il with that of the Nile. It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water is used for irrigation it is superior to artesian waters since it is constantly supplying the land with the richest fertilizing elements. The soil of the vallej-s is extremely rich in dedomposed vegetable matter nd uncombined carbon, readily absorbing the aerial gases, such especially, as ox$ gen, which en tering the soil, decomposes the organic matters so that they can be taken up an1 nourish the plants which may Se considered a leading featurj in its fertility. It also readily takes up and retains moisture, while the firmness of its particles affords everv facility for percolation and the activity of capillary action. In its mechanical composition its particles are in a state of very fine division, which renders it more productive than coarser soils It acquirics heat readily in the daytime, and the loss of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it. re mains always warm and is not subject to sudden changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter, sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime, soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash enter into composition in th proportions best adapted to add to its fertility, though, of course, as is alwaja the case in soil analysis, its composition varies in different localities and is not always constant. The soil of the uplands, or mesas, is lighter and more gravelly and in some places of a free, loamy, calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and generous. They seem especially adapted for the grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Thir soil contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture admirably in summer. It is of that character which will product- a wine that will keep good for fifty or a hundred years, and improve annually, not being liable to sour, or on exposure to the air, after one year old, to become turbid and change color in the bottle or glass. We can safely say that the soil of Yuma County can nowhere be surpassed, containing as it does all the essential elements of richness and fertility. FRUIT CULTURE. Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub ject of great interest at present, and will no doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma County. The remarkable risults that have sprung from very superficial and imj-erfect culture has de monstrated tli a1 the soil and climate of Yuma County are peculiarly adapted for this branch of agricultural entcrp-is. . The development of these resources is of the utmost importance and is at tracting careful attention. Kxperiments have been made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture of different kinds of fruits have been collected which cannot fail to convince, even the mostskept ical, of the wonderful superiority of Yuma County over Southern California in fruit growing, and which must lead to a large and varied production, of the most remunerative character. The CO'iimissloner of Immigration in his report, published in SS8, writes as follows of the rich vullev-of the Gila, Colorado and Calt rivers. 'The soil of these valleys is among the richest on the continent. It is formed of the detritus which the streams for ages have brought down from their mountain homes in their journev to the sea. By constai t overflows and change of channel, the deposit of this rich vegetable matter has form ed a soil of .xtreme fertility, Near the streams it is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small grains and grasses. Farther back there is a rivh sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially favorable for fruit culture. It has been already demonstrated that the productive C4pacity of these valleys is not surpas?ed by lan Is of equal area in any part of the United States. So rapid and prolific is the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables that the labor of the cultivator is reduced to the minimum. In nearly all of them two crops a year can be growth, and vegetation is one month ahead of Californi i. The farmers plints a cottonwood sipling before his door, and within the year he has a shade tree twenty-live feet hi 'h! Alfalfa can be cut six times diring the season, and It is an actual fact the grape-cuttings have produced witMu eigh teen mo-.ths! What State or Territory can make such a showing? The climate, it must be remem bered, is nearly perpetual summer. Snow never fall- in these southern valleys. The farmer begins to plant in November, and by the middle of May his harvest is ready. Hoses are in bloom, fruit trees -ire blossoming, and the grair fields are a sea of green, when the fields of the Eastern farmers are covered with snow and ice. Every variety of grains, grasses, fruits and vege tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic zones can bo produced in the valleys of Arizona. Wheat, corn barley, oats and all the small grains give a yield of from twcny-five to fifty bushels to the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda and all the cultivated grasses grow luxuriantly, the former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre each year, Every variety of vegetable raised in the United States can be grown in Arizona, and nowhere are thoy found of better quality. "Besides the products mentioned, these semi tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the sugar-cane, but little attcnticu is paid to the culti vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that when the Europeans first penetrated this region, they found the rima Indians wearing fabrics made of cotton grown in the Gila valley "But it is their adaptability for fruit culture that assures to these valley lands a dense popula tion and aprosperous future. Almost every var iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quln e and nec tarine, arc of delicious flavor, and give a gen erous yield. The grape of all varieties i-at home in these sunny vales. No place in the grape-growing belt of the Pacific Coast can show so prolific a yield. The quality is all that could be desired, and the wine, although its manufacture is vet ex perimental, is of a fine flavor, du'icious bouquet, and unsurpassed by any native product as a table beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape have shown that this climate and soil possess every advantage for the production and curing of this staple article of commerce. "Besides the fruits already mentioned, the or ange, lemon, lime, olive, fig. pomegranate, and others of the citrus family, can bo grown success fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange trees are now in bearing in the Salt River valley and at Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul tivated at the latter place. The Arizona orange in quality and flavor will compare favorably with the best California. "In the valleys of the Colorado, the Salt and the Gila livers, there is room for thousands. It is not too mueh to say that nowhere within the limits of this broad Union can be found a more desirable region for the making of a home. No laborious clearing of the land is required: it lies almost ready for the plow. Trees and shrubl ery have so rapid a growth that within eighteen mouths the immigrant cm surround his abode witli attractions which would require years to mature in less favored climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market a full month b fore the California product. The bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure, dry atmosphere brings health to all who inhale it. For the establishment of.colonies, such as we have made of Southern California a arden, Arizona prosetits unrivaled opportunities Thousands of acres, now profitless, can be made productive by the construction of irrigating ditcnes, anu mere is no investment which assures larger or more permanent returns." The foregoing statements are not exaggerated; in fact, they fall short of doii.g justice to this won derful land. Pine.ipples, dntes, almonds and wal nuts will do well. Strawberries, raspberries, black' berries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of small fruits can be successfully cultivated. Indeed, Yuma County is not only the natural home of the citrus and semi-tropical fruits, as almost every fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass or vegetable which cau be produced in either tropic or temperate zone, will thrive in its rich and fertile soils. WHY Etf MIGRANTS SHOULD COME TO YU1IA COUNTY. Because the climate is perfect . because the soil is fertile and prolific. Because land is abundant and cheap. Because a home can be made with little labor. Because so great a variety of products can be grown. Because the yield is large and the priced always remunerative . Because life is a luxury in a land where the sun shines every day . Because there arc chances for a poor man which he can never hope to find in older countries. Because the country is advancing and property values are increasing. Because, unlike Southern California it does not require a small fortune to secure a piece of land. Because capital does not block all the av enues to wealth, nor ciowd the poor man to the wall. Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms in Yuma county waiting for occupants. Bscause churches, schools, newspapers and railroads are fast developing the moral and material elements of the Territory. Because good land is becoming scarce, and if you don't catch on now, your last chance will soon be gone . Because the country is one of the few regions of the Uuited States that yields the products of the temperate and semi-tropic zones. Because the worker receives a fair com pensation for his labor, and the 'rustler' has a field for the display of his energy and en terprise . Because there are neither blizzards or tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations, snow-storms nor cyclones. Because the vast and varied resources of the country are yet to be developed . Because the wealth of its mines, its farm ing valleys, and grazing lands, will yet build up a great and prosperous county . Because a man can make a livelihood her, with less labor than in any other part of the United States. Because there i3 health in every breeze. and strength and vigor under its cloudless 3kies. Because the settler need not spend a life time in felling trees and grubbing out stumps. Because vegetation is so rapid that in two years the home is surrounded by a growth of trees and shrubs which would require live years to develop in a colder clime . Because fortunes here await the venture some, and health welcomes the afflicted. Because the country has a brilliant future and you want to be in the "swim. Because in its pure, dry invigorating air, epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate. Because its people are generous, liberal, hospitable ana progressive. WHY CAPITAL SHOULD SEEK YUMA COUNTY Because it? mines are the richest. Because its grazing lands are the best. Because its farming lands are valuable and productive . Because it gives assurance of the largest returns on money invested . Because its grand resources are yet to be developed . because it is a young, growing county with an assured future . Because the opportunities for engaging in manufacturing enterprises are better than in any other legion of the est. Because good mining properties can be had at reasonable hgures. Because there is a demand for additional facilities for ore reduction. Because there arc vast stretches of rich soil to be reclaimed by the construction of irrigating canals. Because there are large tracts of grass lands that c;in be utilized by the sinking ot artesian wells. Because there are many openings in a new country which cannot exist in older com munities. Because the opportunities for engaging in the successful cultivation of semi-tropic fruits are better than in any other part of the United btatcs. Because property values are rapidly ad vancing. Because Arizona's boom is yet to come . Because it is a virgin field, ready for the seed which will produce a golden harvest. ARIZONA. Arizona stands at the threshold of an era of wonderful social and industrial de velopment. There can't be a doubt about the fact. The dawn for which she has waited so long is breaking at last. There is every promise of a day of great pros perity and permanent upbuilding jt-st be fore her. The impulse ol a new and 'ener gizing hope is vit-ible everywhere among her people, while the cuimilatix e effect of many things, which made but small im pression as tliey transpired singly, is nnw commanding for hera full share of atten tion ami interest abroad among home seekers and cipitalijts. A lively competition has sprung up for the possession of things which hae hcieco fore gone a-begging for ownership. There is a scramble for franchises. Nothing more surely indicates a great industrial awaken ing than this. The rates of interest are falling to moderate figures. Nothing more surely indicates confidence and competition among the money lenders than this. Arizona has reached that cliinacticer period which every western state has ex perienced sometime in its hitory w hen. after long and weary struggle ;ind doubt, w lth each side of the balance first up anil then dou u, the clouds of despondency have suddenly rolled aay, and a smi'.ur&t of energizing hope has thrilled the droop ing spirits of the people to greater and braver endeavor than before. For the fast twelve years the subsidence of the gi eat Tombstone boom and the com pletion of two transcontinental lines of railroad across her teiritort Arizona has rather dropped out of pub.ic attention, but in that time she has been quietly ac cumulating a fund of substantial wealth and a force of moral character which qualify her now to rise up and take her destiny in her o n hands. The population of Arizona is Mexican. This is a mistake of great importance from the moral point of view. There is but one considerable center of Mexican population in the territory, the city of Tucson, and even there it is not by any means at pres ent the predominating element. It think itisceitain that Arizona has not to-day nearly so large a Mexican population as Colorado and not above one-tenth as much as New Mexico. "Fitz-lac," in Denver News. . J or Sale. An Acre. THREE HALF SECTIONS OF PATENTED LANlX 960 Acres. AS FINE AND FERTILE PLOW EVER TURNED. With Perpetual Watei Riht uncU-r tht Celebrated Mohawk Canal in Moi awk Vtlly. Each half section has 43 "ores Leveled, Fenced, am! 7eidy For Farming. Inquire of J. W. DORRLNGTON, YUMA, ARIZ. OF? GEO. W. NORTON, MOHAWK, YUMA CO., ARIZ, THE NEWSPAPER FOR ARIZONANS Is the one that ha? the FRESHEST - AND - FULLEST GENERAL NEWS, THE COMPLETEST, COAST NEWS, AND THE BEST ARIZONA NEWS SERVICE. SUCH A PAPER IS THE S Bringing Arizona in Closest touch with Southern California, NO RIVAL IN ITS FIELD. "ALL THE NEWS ALL THE TIME." The TIMES reachers Arizona Points 24 hours ahead of the San Francisco dailies, and from 48 to 60 hours ahead of all papers com ing from the eastward. Ten to 24 pages By mail, $9 a year; delivered by carrier, 85 cents a month; single copies, 5 cents. SUBSCRIBE WITH THE LOCAL AGENT Summons, IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE Third Judicial District of the Terri tory ot Arizona, in and for the County of Yuma. Agnes Clara Miller, Plaintiff", vs. Ernest C. Miller, Defendant. Action brought in the District Court of the I bird Judicial District of the lerritory of Arizona, in and for Yuma County, and the complaint filed m said Yuma County in the office of the Clerk of said District Court. In the name of the Territory of Arizona to Ernest C. Miller, Defendant, greeting: You are hereby summoned and required to appear in an action brought against you by the above named plaintiff, in the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for Yuma County, and answer the complaint therein filed with the Clerk of this said Court, at Yuma, in said County, within ten days after the service upon yon of the summons, if served in this said County, or if served out of this said County and within this said Judicial District, then within twenty days thereafter, or in all other cases within thirty days thereafter, the time above mentioned being exclusive of the day of service, or judgment by default will be taken against you. Given under my hand and seal of the District Court of the Third JudiciaL seal. District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for Yuma County; this 8th, day of May A. D 1895.. C. H. Brinley, Clerk of said District Court, APPLICATION FOR A PATENT. NO. 037. U. Land Office, i Tucon, Ariz., December lSdi. t Notice is hereby given that Charles W. Prange, whose postofiice addrcs-s is Harrisburg", Arizo a, has filed his application for a patent for fifteen hundred linear feet of the Sunrise mine or vein, bearing gold and silver, with surface ground six hundred feet in width, situated in Ellsworth Min ing district, Maricopa County, Arizona, and desig nated by the field notes and offi.'ial plat on file in this office as Survey No. 1143, said Survey No. 1143 being described as follows, to-wit: Beginning at corner No. 1. I. SI. Identical with corner No. I of the location, an J also identieal with corner No. 1, I, M. of survey No. 1 142, a red ood post marked 1 1143, a-id marked on opposite side 11142. U. S. F. M. No. J142 bears S. 41 deg, 20 min. E. S07.5 feet. Thence S. 0 deg. 15 min. E. 300 feet to corner No. 2; a redwood post marked 2 1143 Thenue N. SO de'r. 43 min. E., 1500 feet to corner No. 3, a redwood postmarked 3 1143. Thence N 9 deg. 15 min. W., 300 feet to Corner No. 4, a redwood post marked 41143. Thence N. 0 deg 16 min. W.. 300 feet to corner No. 5, a redwood post marked 51143. Thence S. So deg. 45 min. W 1500 feet to corner No. 6, a redwood post marked 61143. Thence S. 9 deg, 15 min. E., 300 feet to corner No, I, I. M., the place of beginning. Magnetic variation 13 de. 30 min. E.; containing 19.77 acres, exclusive of Survey No. 1142. The location of this mine is recorded in the Re corder's office of Maricopa County, Arizona, in Book No 5, page 435 of Mining claims. There arc no other claimants ail joining excepting the owner of Ophir mining claim on the northwest ny and all persons claiming adversely any por tion of said Sunrise mine or surface ground, are required to file their adverse claims with the Re gister of the United States Land Office at Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, during the sixty days period of publication hereof, or they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the Statute. EUGENE J. TKIPPEL. Register. DAMRON & CRENSHAW; Attorneys for Claimant. FESFFTO EVERY PEh FOR ONE YEAR'S SUBSCRIPTION TO THE THE ARIZONA SENTINEL PREVIOUS TO JANUARY 31st, 1895. SPECIAL MOTE TO OLD SUBSCRIBERS Ton can obtain tnls Handsome One Bolter Book, postage paid, by renewing now for one year. If your subscription does not expire for several weeks or montns yet, send in your renewal and the date on your paper will be set forward one year. CORRESPONDENCE FROM AGENTS INVITED. Outfit, consisting of sample of book art sample paper, sent on receipt of 25c to pay cost ol wrapping, mailing and prepaymen. THE SENTINEL Published Weekly in Yuma, is one of oldest and most reliable newspapers of Arizona, devoted to the progress of the Territory in general and Yuma County in particular Loyal! Liberal! Courteous! Its columns will be devoted to fruit growing, farming min ng, stock raising, irrigation and the opening up, settlement and development of the vast region of grand country that lies in Southern Arizona and its surrounding country. .T IS ONE OF THE Territory- ' It is the OLDEST and has the LARGEST CIRCULATION . in the County. Tlie Latest and Most Reliable News Al io ays Given. INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NOTHING. ITS POLICY IS SURE TO PLEASE ALL FAIR MINDED READEKS The oldest and most influential; the largest and best weekly paper in Western Arizona, especially adapted to the: needs of those who wish any iuforuiation in re gard to the valley of the Colorado, the Nile of the West. It presents both sides of ail matters pertaining to the public interest. It has no enemies to punish, no friends to pet. but treats all alike fair and truthful. " With Chariiy for all and Malice toward None." Subscribe for the SENTINEL, and keep posted as to what is going on in Yuma County, one of the most favoredsections of Arizona, U LY $3 PER YEAR. &jajJMT3E3LMjE2 COPIES Address, - - J W. DORRLNGTON Yuma, Arizona. JOB PRINTING OF Every Description, HWDSOttE VOLUME OP SELECTED PflOTOGRflPHlG VIEWS SIXTY-FOUR PLATES. Size of page, ll by lzVa Inches, Elaborate Cover in Gold and Colors, Highly Enameled Paper. WORTH $1.00. THE contents of the art series of views above referred to consists of a selec tion of sixty fouk photographic reproductions of the Columbian Ex position, and Is invaluablo as well as artistically beautiful. OLD SUBSCRIBERS I0MSW SHOULD TAKE UP THIS OFFER AT ONCt: PAPERS IN THE Yxima's Climate. "Weather Observer A. Ashenberger furnishes us with the following im portant facts relative to the climate rainfall and weather at Yuma. Thf. following data from the records, of the TJ . S. weather Bureau are from, observations taken for periods rang ing fpiwi tivt! to twenty years and are published by request of the Hen Miyor if Yuma; Mean actual barometer. Yuma, 29.76; inches; Denver, Col., 24.73 inches. Mean annual temperature. Yuma, 73 Jupiter, Pla., 73. Mean maximum temperature during; month of July. Yuma, 106.6; iPhoenix,. 107.3. Mean minimum temperature durinc month of July. Yuma, 77; Galveston, Mean minimum temperature during month of January. Yuma, 42; Tucson 35"; Phoenix, 32. Highest temperature recorded. Yuma,. 11S; Phoenix, 119; Fort Lapwai, Idaho 115s. Lowest temperature recorded. Yuma 22'; Riverside, Cal. (Voluntary observer's ecord.), 21; Jacksonville, Fla., 15; Gal veston, Tex., 11. Mean relative humidity. Yuma, 44, San Diego, Cal., 75$; Chicago, 74$; Pen sacola, Fla., 76$; Port Angeles, "Wash., 88$. Mean annual rainfall. Yuma, 3 inchesj Tucson, 13 inches; Jacksonville, Fla., 55 inche3; New Orleans, La., 62 inches; Neah Bay, Wash., 103 inches. Average annual number of rainy days. . Yuma, 14; Tucson 49; St. Louis, 115; Washington, D. C, 126; New York, 126; Baltimore, 133; Chicago, 136; Cincinnati 141; Atlanta Ga., 141; Rochester, N. Y., 171; Tatoosb Island, Wash., 186. Average annual number of cloudy days. . Yuma, 17; Sacramento, Cal., 45; Oawego, N. Y., 173. Average annual number of partly cloudy days. Yuma, 69; Sacramento, Cal., 76; Oswego, N. Y., 124. Average, annual number of clear days. Yuma, 279; Portland, Ore., 92; Oswego, N. Y., 68. Average hourly wind velocity. Yuma, 6, miles; Dodge City, Kan., 12 miles; San dusky, O., 13 miles. Highest wind velocity recorded. Yuma 54 miles; San Francisco, Cal., 60 miles. NORTON'S Automatic Water Gate TO PREVENT OVERFLOW IN Irrigating canals, Ditches and Keservoirs. The abore cut illustrates an AUTOMATIC WATER GATE, to regulate and keep la subjection the rise of water in canal, due to an orer-abund. ant flour, or to seddsn rises in the canal owing to severe rains or storms. It is particularly valuable to hare such a Water Gate placed in lower bank ot canal, at such points alone: its line Where there are Ravines. Gullies. Arroyos, Foot Hills, Buttes, or Tableland, as any rains or storms Dring down at sucn points a surplus of water that is very dangerous to the banks of canal. TLe Waste Gate, however, will prevent such damage, as it is SELF-ACTING AND A PERFECT SAFETY VALVE Relieving the canal, at short intervals, of its sur plus water, thus preventing- the washing away of banks, and caustner great damage generally, no alone to canal, but property owners all along: the line, who may suffer more or less damages there after for the wont of water owing to the damaged condl ion of canal, and while such repair, are bein j maue. noiumy is it v.uuauiu no reiievn canai or its surplus water, to prevent damage and ex pense,, but by its use the first cost of canal con struction will be materially lessened, as the banks need not be made so high or wide. The device is extremely simple, and compara tively inexpensive Its plan of operation is this: There is a pipe fastened to an opening- in the vertical gate, 1. When the body of water rises to the level of the upper end of pipe, 2, water runs freely into the tank, 3, which is immediately filled, thus overbalancing the weight", 4. which is on the other end of lever, S, thus forcing open the gate, which suddenly relieves the canal of a large sur plus of water. When body of water recedes below acertain evel,. no more water is admitted te the tank; therefore empties itself by a small faucet opening, 6, at the bottom; this being done, the weight overbalances tank, and brings down the lever, which, being rigid to the swinging gate closes it. This operation continues at short in tervals, so long as the body of water keeps ris-inc over a certain level The lever, gate, pipe and tank are all rigid, and hinge, or pivot, on a hori zontalohaft. The gate, flume or bax can be made any height width, ox length desired. The gate cam be hinged between any bulkhead without box. The Water Gate is a Perfect Safety Valve, and is to a body of water what a safety valve is to steals. They can be made any size, corresponding with body of water and size of cansi. It is secured by letters patent, and for sale only by C. W, BARNHART. No. 4 ScTTiaTsrjixxT, Sax Fras cisco, Cal. Please write for price list and further information giving length, top and boUom dimensions of canal. All plans and specifications furnished with every ordr.