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The Arizona sentinel. [volume] (Arizona City [Yuma], Yuma County, A.T. [Ariz.]) 1872-1911, June 01, 1895, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021912/1895-06-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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Yuma County,
A white man first set foot on what is
now Ynnm County in 1771. It is the
southwest division of the Territory, and
one of the four original counties of the Ter
ritory. Many great reclamation projects are
however on foot, and hi a few years ex
pect to Bee Yuma County rated as the
richest in the Territory.
The first glimpse the traveler from Cali
fornia catches of Arizona is that of the
picturesque town of Yuma, which is snugly
situated in the embrace of gentle rolling
hills, upon whose crests and sides the
modern homes of our superior civilisation
are crowding the adobe dwellings into
eternal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to
Arizona, the new empire of the West, upon
whose undeveloped riches the eyes of the
ountry are at present turned, and aa such,
she is bcund to grow and prosper with a
rapidity that at present can hardly be re
alized. But coupled with her geographi
cal position we find that she is the center
of a country whose agricultural possibili
ties are practically unlimited, being sur
rounded by a soil the fertility of which
exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and
wanting osly water to become a paradise of
bloom. Billions of gallons of that precious
fluid have annually gone to waste at
Yuma's very doors, but already a reaction
is taking place and many enterprises are
on foot to supply the life-giving waters of
the yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth.
In regard to climate, healthfulness, fer
tility and productiveness of soil, facilities
for cultivation, irrigation and abundance of
water supply, variety of resources and
cheap transportation by rail and by water,
no part of Arizona can surpass Yuma
county, which is destined to become one of
ichest and most prosperous counties in
It lies between 32 00' and 34 20' north
latitude and 113 20' and 114 40' west
longitude. It contains 6.488,320 acres. It
is about as large as the States of Rhode
Island, Connecticut and Delaware com
bined, or as large as either New Hampshire,
Vermont or Massachusetts.
The western boundary of Yuma County
is formed by the Colorado river, which
separates Arizona from California. The
county is bounded on the north by Williams
Fork and the Santa Maria river, whose
waters flow into the Colorado; on the east
by the counties of Pima, Maricopa and
Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora,
Mexico. Its county seat is the town of
The Colorado river drains the entire ter
ritory of Arizona, and every drop ot water
which falls on its mountains and plains
finds its way to this mighty river. It is
formed by the union of the Green and
Grand rivers, fed by the streams which
rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt
ing snows cause a greater depth of water
in this river in summer than in winter, thus
furnishing the most water at the season
when it is most required for the purposes
of irrigation and agriculture.
It will be seen that for the entire distance
along its western boundary, Yuma County
possesses the great advantage of cheap
water transportation.
The Gila river rises in the western part
of New Mexico and is fed by numerous
streams, among the most prominent of
which are the San Pedro, A?ua Fria, Has
sayampa and Salt rivers. It flows west
through Yuma County and empties into the
Colorado at the town of Yuma.
Yuma county, traversed by these great
rivers from its northern to its southern,
and from its eastern to its western bound
aries, possesses a far greater ivater supply
than any other county in the Territory,
and far more than can be found in all Cali
fernia. This water is now being diverted from its
natural channels by means of numerous
large irrigating canals, and utilized for the
purpose of reclaiming and irrig"ting the
immense tracts of lands which lie in this
favored country, and which are as fertile
as any in the world.
The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the
Colorado river at the town of Yuma and
runs through the county, following the
gcnerol course, and at an average distance
of about four miles south, of the Gila river,
rendering all the lands susceptible of irri
gation and cultivation, can find an easy
outlet in this way and can be transpoited
to all the markets and centers of population
in the East or West.
Another competing railroad is projected
from San Diego, California, to the town
of Yuma, and thence along the north side
of the Gila river. Thus Yuma County will
have exceptional railroad advautages.
The climate of Yuma for nine months of
the year has no equal, as we believe, in the
world, and during the remaining three
months of the year, comprising June, July
and August, the heat is not oppressive.
Even though the thermometer in mid-summer
may &i times rise above 100, and oc
casionally even reach 110, yet, owing to
the absence of moisture in the air, it is not
oppressive. The atmosphere is pure, light
and balmy. When the mercury marks the
highest extreme of heat, a person aoes not
feel that oppression or debility which i
felt in the Eastern States when the mer
cury is ranging from 80 to 90. The air is
so dry that perspiration is absorbed as soon
as it reaches the surface of the body, and
at no time in the summer does the heat
produce any discomfort.
The lands of Yuma County comprise the rivi r
bottoms and valleys and the uplands or mesas. The
bottom ands are moister and slightly mere fertile,
if, indeed, it is possible to mike comparisons
where all are so wonderfully productive and prolific.
The uplands or mesas are warmer and, perhaps,
slightly better for the cultivation of the citrus fruits.
Sums contain? r variety of soil. Th, valley land
o the Gila and Colorado livers have foi the most
part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray
sandy lo m, resting, in most places, upon a gray
clay subsoil at a deth of from ten to twenty feet
below the surface, The clay subsoil fcrms a hard
pan which is impervious to water. Thc3e soils have
been slowly former! by the decomposition of shales,
sandstones, marls, limestones, etc., mixed with or
ganic and vegetable matter, washed down by the
mighty rivers and have been gradually deposited
during the course of centuries. The fertilizing
brownish mud held in the water of the Colorado
and Gila rivers resembles that from the Nile, and
its quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent.,
though the water when even considerably discolor
ed by mud is good to drink, resembling in this res
pect the .Missouri river water. A chemical analysis
of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile
exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent
parts of each. That of the Colorado exhibiting a
trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and car
bonadc of limestome beds through which the Colo
rado passes. In other repocts the sediment of the
Colorado is almost identic il with that of the Nile.
It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water is
used for irrigation it is superior to artesian waters
since it is constantly supplying the land with the
richest fertilizing elements. The soil of the vallej-s
is extremely rich in dedomposed vegetable matter
nd uncombined carbon, readily absorbing the
aerial gases, such especially, as ox$ gen, which en
tering the soil, decomposes the organic matters so
that they can be taken up an1 nourish the plants
which may Se considered a leading featurj in its
fertility. It also readily takes up and retains
moisture, while the firmness of its particles affords
everv facility for percolation and the activity of
capillary action. In its mechanical composition its
particles are in a state of very fine division, which
renders it more productive than coarser soils It
acquirics heat readily in the daytime, and the loss
of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it. re
mains always warm and is not subject to sudden
changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con
stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter,
sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime,
soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash enter into
composition in th proportions best adapted to
add to its fertility, though, of course, as is alwaja
the case in soil analysis, its composition varies in
different localities and is not always constant.
The soil of the uplands, or mesas, is lighter and
more gravelly and in some places of a free, loamy,
calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and
generous. They seem especially adapted for the
grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Thir soil
contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the
bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture
admirably in summer. It is of that character which
will product- a wine that will keep good for fifty or
a hundred years, and improve annually, not being
liable to sour, or on exposure to the air, after one
year old, to become turbid and change color in the
bottle or glass.
We can safely say that the soil of Yuma County
can nowhere be surpassed, containing as it does all
the essential elements of richness and fertility.
Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub
ject of great interest at present, and will no
doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma County.
The remarkable risults that have sprung from
very superficial and imj-erfect culture has de
monstrated tli a1 the soil and climate of Yuma
County are peculiarly adapted for this branch of
agricultural entcrp-is. . The development of these
resources is of the utmost importance and is at
tracting careful attention. Kxperiments have been
made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture
of different kinds of fruits have been collected
which cannot fail to convince, even the mostskept
ical, of the wonderful superiority of Yuma County
over Southern California in fruit growing, and
which must lead to a large and varied production,
of the most remunerative character.
The CO'iimissloner of Immigration in his report,
published in SS8, writes as follows of the rich
vullev-of the Gila, Colorado and Calt rivers.
'The soil of these valleys is among the richest
on the continent. It is formed of the detritus
which the streams for ages have brought down
from their mountain homes in their journev to the
sea. By constai t overflows and change of channel,
the deposit of this rich vegetable matter has form
ed a soil of .xtreme fertility, Near the streams it
is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small
grains and grasses. Farther back there is a rivh
sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially
favorable for fruit culture. It has been already
demonstrated that the productive C4pacity of these
valleys is not surpas?ed by lan Is of equal area in
any part of the United States. So rapid and prolific
is the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables
that the labor of the cultivator is reduced to the
minimum. In nearly all of them two crops a year
can be growth, and vegetation is one month ahead
of Californi i. The farmers plints a cottonwood
sipling before his door, and within the year he has
a shade tree twenty-live feet hi 'h! Alfalfa can be
cut six times diring the season, and It is an actual
fact the grape-cuttings have produced witMu eigh
teen mo-.ths! What State or Territory can make
such a showing? The climate, it must be remem
bered, is nearly perpetual summer. Snow never
fall- in these southern valleys. The farmer begins
to plant in November, and by the middle of May
his harvest is ready. Hoses are in bloom, fruit
trees -ire blossoming, and the grair fields are a sea
of green, when the fields of the Eastern farmers
are covered with snow and ice.
Every variety of grains, grasses, fruits and vege
tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic
zones can bo produced in the valleys of Arizona.
Wheat, corn barley, oats and all the small grains
give a yield of from twcny-five to fifty bushels to
the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda and
all the cultivated grasses grow luxuriantly, the
former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre
each year, Every variety of vegetable raised in
the United States can be grown in Arizona, and
nowhere are thoy found of better quality.
"Besides the products mentioned, these semi
tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to
bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the
sugar-cane, but little attcnticu is paid to the culti
vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat
ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted
to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no
experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that
when the Europeans first penetrated this region,
they found the rima Indians wearing fabrics
made of cotton grown in the Gila valley
"But it is their adaptability for fruit culture
that assures to these valley lands a dense popula
tion and aprosperous future. Almost every var
iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The
apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quln e and nec
tarine, arc of delicious flavor, and give a gen
erous yield. The grape of all varieties i-at home
in these sunny vales. No place in the grape-growing
belt of the Pacific Coast can show so prolific a
yield. The quality is all that could be desired,
and the wine, although its manufacture is vet ex
perimental, is of a fine flavor, du'icious bouquet,
and unsurpassed by any native product as a table
beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape
have shown that this climate and soil possess
every advantage for the production and curing of
this staple article of commerce.
"Besides the fruits already mentioned, the or
ange, lemon, lime, olive, fig. pomegranate, and
others of the citrus family, can bo grown success
fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange
trees are now in bearing in the Salt River valley
and at Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul
tivated at the latter place. The Arizona orange in
quality and flavor will compare favorably with the
best California.
"In the valleys of the Colorado, the Salt and the
Gila livers, there is room for thousands. It is not
too mueh to say that nowhere within the limits of
this broad Union can be found a more desirable
region for the making of a home. No laborious
clearing of the land is required: it lies almost
ready for the plow. Trees and shrubl ery have so
rapid a growth that within eighteen mouths the
immigrant cm surround his abode witli attractions
which would require years to mature in less favored
climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market
a full month b fore the California product. The
bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure,
dry atmosphere brings health to all who inhale it.
For the establishment of.colonies, such as we have
made of Southern California a arden, Arizona
prosetits unrivaled opportunities Thousands of
acres, now profitless, can be made productive
by the construction of irrigating ditcnes, anu mere
is no investment which assures larger or more
permanent returns."
The foregoing statements are not exaggerated;
in fact, they fall short of doii.g justice to this won
derful land. Pine.ipples, dntes, almonds and wal
nuts will do well. Strawberries, raspberries, black'
berries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of
small fruits can be successfully cultivated. Indeed,
Yuma County is not only the natural home of the
citrus and semi-tropical fruits, as almost every
fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass or vegetable which
cau be produced in either tropic or temperate zone,
will thrive in its rich and fertile soils.
Because the climate is perfect .
because the soil is fertile and prolific.
Because land is abundant and cheap.
Because a home can be made with little
Because so great a variety of products
can be grown.
Because the yield is large and the priced
always remunerative .
Because life is a luxury in a land where
the sun shines every day .
Because there arc chances for a poor man
which he can never hope to find in older
Because the country is advancing and
property values are increasing.
Because, unlike Southern California it
does not require a small fortune to secure a
piece of land.
Because capital does not block all the av
enues to wealth, nor ciowd the poor man
to the wall.
Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms
in Yuma county waiting for occupants.
Bscause churches, schools, newspapers
and railroads are fast developing the moral
and material elements of the Territory.
Because good land is becoming scarce, and
if you don't catch on now, your last chance
will soon be gone .
Because the country is one of the few
regions of the Uuited States that yields the
products of the temperate and semi-tropic
Because the worker receives a fair com
pensation for his labor, and the 'rustler' has
a field for the display of his energy and en
terprise .
Because there are neither blizzards or
tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations,
snow-storms nor cyclones.
Because the vast and varied resources of
the country are yet to be developed .
Because the wealth of its mines, its farm
ing valleys, and grazing lands, will yet build
up a great and prosperous county .
Because a man can make a livelihood her,
with less labor than in any other part of the
United States.
Because there i3 health in every breeze.
and strength and vigor under its cloudless
Because the settler need not spend a life
time in felling trees and grubbing out
Because vegetation is so rapid that in two
years the home is surrounded by a growth
of trees and shrubs which would require
live years to develop in a colder clime .
Because fortunes here await the venture
some, and health welcomes the afflicted.
Because the country has a brilliant future
and you want to be in the "swim.
Because in its pure, dry invigorating air,
epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate.
Because its people are generous, liberal,
hospitable ana progressive.
Because it? mines are the richest.
Because its grazing lands are the best.
Because its farming lands are valuable and
productive .
Because it gives assurance of the largest
returns on money invested .
Because its grand resources are yet to be
developed .
because it is a young, growing county
with an assured future .
Because the opportunities for engaging in
manufacturing enterprises are better than in
any other legion of the est.
Because good mining properties can be had
at reasonable hgures.
Because there is a demand for additional
facilities for ore reduction.
Because there arc vast stretches of rich
soil to be reclaimed by the construction of
irrigating canals.
Because there are large tracts of grass
lands that c;in be utilized by the sinking ot
artesian wells.
Because there are many openings in a new
country which cannot exist in older com
Because the opportunities for engaging in
the successful cultivation of semi-tropic
fruits are better than in any other part of
the United btatcs.
Because property values are rapidly ad
Because Arizona's boom is yet to come .
Because it is a virgin field, ready for the
seed which will produce a golden harvest.
Arizona stands at the threshold of an
era of wonderful social and industrial de
velopment. There can't be a doubt about
the fact. The dawn for which she has
waited so long is breaking at last. There
is every promise of a day of great pros
perity and permanent upbuilding jt-st be
fore her. The impulse ol a new and 'ener
gizing hope is vit-ible everywhere among
her people, while the cuimilatix e effect of
many things, which made but small im
pression as tliey transpired singly, is nnw
commanding for hera full share of atten
tion ami interest abroad among home
seekers and cipitalijts.
A lively competition has sprung up for
the possession of things which hae hcieco
fore gone a-begging for ownership. There
is a scramble for franchises. Nothing more
surely indicates a great industrial awaken
ing than this. The rates of interest are
falling to moderate figures. Nothing more
surely indicates confidence and competition
among the money lenders than this.
Arizona has reached that cliinacticer
period which every western state has ex
perienced sometime in its hitory w hen.
after long and weary struggle ;ind doubt,
w lth each side of the balance first up anil
then dou u, the clouds of despondency
have suddenly rolled aay, and a smi'.ur&t
of energizing hope has thrilled the droop
ing spirits of the people to greater and
braver endeavor than before.
For the fast twelve years the subsidence
of the gi eat Tombstone boom and the com
pletion of two transcontinental lines of
railroad across her teiritort Arizona has
rather dropped out of pub.ic attention,
but in that time she has been quietly ac
cumulating a fund of substantial wealth
and a force of moral character which
qualify her now to rise up and take her
destiny in her o n hands.
The population of Arizona is Mexican.
This is a mistake of great importance from
the moral point of view. There is but one
considerable center of Mexican population
in the territory, the city of Tucson, and
even there it is not by any means at pres
ent the predominating element. It think
itisceitain that Arizona has not to-day
nearly so large a Mexican population as
Colorado and not above one-tenth as much
as New Mexico. "Fitz-lac," in Denver
News. . J
or Sale.
An Acre.
960 Acres.
With Perpetual Watei Riht uncU-r
tht Celebrated Mohawk Canal
in Moi awk Vtlly.
Each half section has 43 "ores
Leveled, Fenced, am! 7eidy
For Farming.
Inquire of
Is the one that ha? the
Bringing Arizona in Closest touch
with Southern California,
The TIMES reachers Arizona
Points 24 hours ahead of the San
Francisco dailies, and from 48 to
60 hours ahead of all papers com
ing from the eastward.
Ten to 24 pages By mail, $9
a year; delivered by carrier, 85
cents a month; single copies, 5
Third Judicial District of the Terri
tory ot Arizona, in and for the County of
Agnes Clara Miller, Plaintiff", vs. Ernest
C. Miller, Defendant.
Action brought in the District Court of
the I bird Judicial District of the lerritory
of Arizona, in and for Yuma County, and
the complaint filed m said Yuma County
in the office of the Clerk of said District
In the name of the Territory of Arizona
to Ernest C. Miller, Defendant, greeting:
You are hereby summoned and required
to appear in an action brought against you
by the above named plaintiff, in the District
Court of the Third Judicial District of the
Territory of Arizona, in and for Yuma
County, and answer the complaint therein
filed with the Clerk of this said Court, at
Yuma, in said County, within ten days
after the service upon yon of the summons,
if served in this said County, or if served
out of this said County and within this said
Judicial District, then within twenty days
thereafter, or in all other cases within thirty
days thereafter, the time above mentioned
being exclusive of the day of service, or
judgment by default will be taken against
Given under my hand and seal of the
District Court of the Third JudiciaL
seal. District of the Territory of Arizona,
in and for Yuma County; this 8th,
day of May A. D 1895..
C. H. Brinley,
Clerk of said District Court,
U. Land Office, i
Tucon, Ariz., December lSdi. t
Notice is hereby given that Charles W. Prange,
whose postofiice addrcs-s is Harrisburg", Arizo a,
has filed his application for a patent for fifteen
hundred linear feet of the Sunrise mine or vein,
bearing gold and silver, with surface ground six
hundred feet in width, situated in Ellsworth Min
ing district, Maricopa County, Arizona, and desig
nated by the field notes and offi.'ial plat on file in
this office as Survey No. 1143, said Survey No. 1143
being described as follows, to-wit:
Beginning at corner No. 1. I. SI. Identical with
corner No. I of the location, an J also identieal
with corner No. 1, I, M. of survey No. 1 142, a red
ood post marked 1 1143, a-id marked on opposite
side 11142. U. S. F. M. No. J142 bears S. 41 deg,
20 min. E. S07.5 feet.
Thence S. 0 deg. 15 min. E. 300 feet to corner
No. 2; a redwood post marked 2 1143
Thenue N. SO de'r. 43 min. E., 1500 feet to corner
No. 3, a redwood postmarked 3 1143.
Thence N 9 deg. 15 min. W., 300 feet to Corner
No. 4, a redwood post marked 41143.
Thence N. 0 deg 16 min. W.. 300 feet to corner
No. 5, a redwood post marked 51143.
Thence S. So deg. 45 min. W 1500 feet to corner
No. 6, a redwood post marked 61143.
Thence S. 9 deg, 15 min. E., 300 feet to corner No,
I, I. M., the place of beginning.
Magnetic variation 13 de. 30 min. E.; containing
19.77 acres, exclusive of Survey No. 1142.
The location of this mine is recorded in the Re
corder's office of Maricopa County, Arizona, in
Book No 5, page 435 of Mining claims.
There arc no other claimants ail joining excepting
the owner of Ophir mining claim on the northwest
ny and all persons claiming adversely any por
tion of said Sunrise mine or surface ground, are
required to file their adverse claims with the Re
gister of the United States Land Office at Tucson,
Pima County, Arizona, during the sixty days period
of publication hereof, or they will be barred by
virtue of the provisions of the Statute.
DAMRON & CRENSHAW; Attorneys for Claimant.
SPECIAL MOTE TO OLD SUBSCRIBERS Ton can obtain tnls Handsome One Bolter Book,
postage paid, by renewing now for one year. If your subscription does not expire for several
weeks or montns yet, send in your renewal and the date on your paper will be set forward
one year.
CORRESPONDENCE FROM AGENTS INVITED. Outfit, consisting of sample of book art
sample paper, sent on receipt of 25c to pay cost ol wrapping, mailing and prepaymen.
Published Weekly in Yuma, is one of oldest
and most reliable newspapers of Arizona, devoted to
the progress of the Territory in general and Yuma
County in particular
Its columns will be devoted to fruit growing, farming min
ng, stock raising, irrigation and the opening
up, settlement and development of the
vast region of grand country
that lies in Southern
Arizona and its
' It is the OLDEST and has the LARGEST CIRCULATION .
in the County.
Tlie Latest and Most Reliable News Al
io ays Given.
The oldest and most influential; the largest and best
weekly paper in Western Arizona, especially adapted
to the: needs of those who wish any iuforuiation in re
gard to the valley of the Colorado, the Nile of the
West. It presents both sides of ail matters pertaining
to the public interest. It has no enemies to punish, no
friends to pet. but treats all alike fair and truthful.
" With Chariiy for all and Malice toward None."
Subscribe for the SENTINEL, and keep posted as
to what is going on in Yuma County, one of the
most favoredsections of Arizona,
Address, - - J W. DORRLNGTON
Yuma, Arizona.
Every Description,
Size of page, ll by lzVa Inches,
Elaborate Cover in Gold and Colors,
Highly Enameled Paper.
WORTH $1.00.
THE contents of the art series of views
above referred to consists of a selec
tion of sixty fouk photographic
reproductions of the Columbian Ex
position, and Is invaluablo as well as
artistically beautiful.
Yxima's Climate.
"Weather Observer A. Ashenberger
furnishes us with the following im
portant facts relative to the climate
rainfall and weather at Yuma.
Thf. following data from the records,
of the TJ . S. weather Bureau are from,
observations taken for periods rang
ing fpiwi tivt! to twenty years and are
published by request of the Hen
Miyor if Yuma;
Mean actual barometer. Yuma, 29.76;
inches; Denver, Col., 24.73 inches.
Mean annual temperature. Yuma, 73
Jupiter, Pla., 73.
Mean maximum temperature during;
month of July. Yuma, 106.6; iPhoenix,.
Mean minimum temperature durinc
month of July. Yuma, 77; Galveston,
Mean minimum temperature during
month of January. Yuma, 42; Tucson
35"; Phoenix, 32.
Highest temperature recorded. Yuma,.
11S; Phoenix, 119; Fort Lapwai, Idaho
Lowest temperature recorded. Yuma
22'; Riverside, Cal. (Voluntary observer's
ecord.), 21; Jacksonville, Fla., 15; Gal
veston, Tex., 11.
Mean relative humidity. Yuma, 44,
San Diego, Cal., 75$; Chicago, 74$; Pen
sacola, Fla., 76$; Port Angeles, "Wash.,
Mean annual rainfall. Yuma, 3 inchesj
Tucson, 13 inches; Jacksonville, Fla., 55
inche3; New Orleans, La., 62 inches; Neah
Bay, Wash., 103 inches.
Average annual number of rainy days. .
Yuma, 14; Tucson 49; St. Louis, 115;
Washington, D. C, 126; New York, 126;
Baltimore, 133; Chicago, 136; Cincinnati
141; Atlanta Ga., 141; Rochester, N. Y.,
171; Tatoosb Island, Wash., 186.
Average annual number of cloudy days. .
Yuma, 17; Sacramento, Cal., 45; Oawego,
N. Y., 173.
Average annual number of partly cloudy
days. Yuma, 69; Sacramento, Cal., 76;
Oswego, N. Y., 124.
Average, annual number of clear days.
Yuma, 279; Portland, Ore., 92; Oswego, N.
Y., 68.
Average hourly wind velocity. Yuma, 6,
miles; Dodge City, Kan., 12 miles; San
dusky, O., 13 miles.
Highest wind velocity recorded. Yuma
54 miles; San Francisco, Cal., 60 miles.
Automatic Water Gate
The abore cut illustrates an AUTOMATIC
WATER GATE, to regulate and keep la subjection
the rise of water in canal, due to an orer-abund.
ant flour, or to seddsn rises in the canal owing to
severe rains or storms.
It is particularly valuable to hare such a Water
Gate placed in lower bank ot canal, at such points
alone: its line Where there are Ravines. Gullies.
Arroyos, Foot Hills, Buttes, or Tableland, as any
rains or storms Dring down at sucn points a surplus
of water that is very dangerous to the banks of
canal. TLe Waste Gate, however, will prevent
such damage, as it is
Relieving the canal, at short intervals, of its sur
plus water, thus preventing- the washing away of
banks, and caustner great damage generally, no
alone to canal, but property owners all along: the
line, who may suffer more or less damages there
after for the wont of water owing to the damaged
condl ion of canal, and while such repair, are bein j
maue. noiumy is it v.uuauiu no reiievn canai or
its surplus water, to prevent damage and ex
pense,, but by its use the first cost of canal con
struction will be materially lessened, as the banks
need not be made so high or wide.
The device is extremely simple, and compara
tively inexpensive Its plan of operation is this:
There is a pipe fastened to an opening- in the
vertical gate, 1. When the body of water rises to
the level of the upper end of pipe, 2, water runs
freely into the tank, 3, which is immediately filled,
thus overbalancing the weight", 4. which is on the
other end of lever, S, thus forcing open the gate,
which suddenly relieves the canal of a large sur
plus of water. When body of water recedes below
acertain evel,. no more water is admitted te the
tank; therefore empties itself by a small faucet
opening, 6, at the bottom; this being done, the
weight overbalances tank, and brings down the
lever, which, being rigid to the swinging gate
closes it. This operation continues at short in
tervals, so long as the body of water keeps ris-inc
over a certain level The lever, gate, pipe and
tank are all rigid, and hinge, or pivot, on a hori
zontalohaft. The gate, flume or bax can be made
any height width, ox length desired. The gate cam
be hinged between any bulkhead without box.
The Water Gate is a Perfect Safety Valve, and is
to a body of water what a safety valve is to steals.
They can be made any size, corresponding with
body of water and size of cansi. It is secured by
letters patent, and for sale only by
No. 4 ScTTiaTsrjixxT,
Sax Fras cisco, Cal.
Please write for price list and further information
giving length, top and boUom dimensions of canal.
All plans and specifications furnished with every

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