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purees f- . "YUMA COUNTY. fA 'white man first ct foot on w"nat'is ovr Ynma County "in 1771. It is the Southwest division of the Territory, and ''one of the four original counties of the Tcr: rittry, Many gredt reclamation projects arc however on footind in a few years ex pect to see Yuma County rated as the 'richest in the'Territory. The first glirnpse the traveler from Cali fornia catches cf Arizona is that of the "".picturesque town of Yuma, which' is snugly 'situated in the embrace of gentle rolling ills, upon Whose crests and sides the '-modern homes of our superior civilization 'are crowding the adobe 'dwellings into 'eternal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to sArizona, the new empire of'the West, upon Svhose undeveloped riches the eyes of the 1 country are at present turned, and as such, 'she is bcund to grow and 'prosper with a rapidity that'dtt present can hardly be re 'alized. BuC'coapled with her geographi- 1 cal positidn we find that she is the center 'ofa'CCtantry whose agricultural possibili 'ties are practically unlimited, being sur rounded by a soil the fertility of which Exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and wanting only water to become a paradise of bloom. Billions of gallons of that precious fluid have annually gone to waste at Yuma's very doors, but already a reaction is tAfeatfblnce "2& Vna'ny "enterprises arc Vsfcf.n snrr1vhe life-civincr waters of Hhe yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth. HIVERSOF YUMA COUNTY. lIn regard to climate, healthfulness, fer tilitv and productiveness of soil, facilities 'for cultivation, irrigation and abundance 6 s water supply, variety of resources and cheap transportation by rail and by water, no part of Arizona can surpass Yuma 'county, which is destined' to become one of richest and most prosperous counties m Arizona. It lies between 32 00' and3'40 20' north 'latitude and 113 20' and 114 40' west Mongitudc. It contains 6.488,320 acres. It the States of Rhode 'Island. Connecticut and Delaware com bixed.- or as!argc as-either New Hampshire, Vermont or Massachusetts. The western boundary of Yuma County is formed by the Colorado river, which separates Arizona from California. The ' county is bounded on the north by Williams Perl: and the Santa Maria river, whose 'waters flow into the Colorado; ontheeSst hv the counties of Pima, Maricopa and Yavanai. and on the south by Sonora, "Mexico. Its county seat is the town of Yuma. The Colorado fiver drains the entire ter ritory of Arizona, and every drop ct water which falls da its mountains .fcrifi plains tiiio tnifhtv river. It I1UU5 r o .formed by 'the union of the Green and tefand fivers, fed by the streams which rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt ing snows cause a greater depth of water! in this river m summer lihan in winter, thus furnishing the most water at the season when it is most required for the purposes df irrigation and agriculture. lit will be seen that for the entire Gistance along its western boundary, Yuma County! possesses -the great advantage of cheap water 'transportation. The Gila river rises in the western part of New Mexico and is fed by numerous streams, among the most prominent of which are the San Pedro, Aqua Fria, Has sayampaand Salt rivers. It flows west through Yuma County and empties into the Colorado at the town of Yuma. Yiiala-ccunty, traversed by these great iivdrs from its -northern to its southern, rind from its eastern to its western bound- aries, possesses a far greater water supply thnnanv other county m the xerruory, nnd far more than can be found in all Cali- This water is now being diverted from its natural channels by means of numerous InrFe irrieatinc'esnals, and utilized for the purpose of reclaiming and irrigating the immense tracts of lands which lie in this favored country, and which arc as fertile as any in the world. The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the Colorado river at the town of Yuma and tins through the county, following the goncrol course, and at an average distance of about four miles south, of the Gila 'river, renderinc all the lands susceptible of Trri- rr.ntinn and cultivation, can find an easy ,i . - j.u: ,.,o,r oml ran be transnoited OUElfiC 111 mho "J to all the markets and centers of population the East or West. Another competing railroad is projected fcrmn San iDieso. California, to the town 'of Yuma, and thence along the north side v,f the Gila river. Thus Yuma Cdanty will have exceptional railroad advantages THE CLIMATE OF YUMA. The climate of Yuma for nine motaths of 4he year has no equal, as wo believe, in the t. a Zlnritirr the remaining three WUWU, u-"v nf the vear. comprising June, July ind Auuust, tie heat is not oppressive liven though the thermometer in niid-suin- .nier niay a times rise above 10U , ana oc feiftionallr even reach 110, yet, o.ing hP absence of moisture in the air, it is not fcnnressive. The atmosphere is pur light &d balm. When the Mercury marks the highest efctrene of heafr, a person Goes not 'debility which is jeei iiiui uiii- l,..f i t.l.e Eastern States when the mcr fcury is ranging from S0 to 90. The air is i that nersniration is absorbed as soon fes it beaches the surface of the body, and j. Kiimmer does the heat tit HO Jii produce asy discomfort. LANDS AND SOILS. of the Gila and Colorado livers have for the most part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray surly loam, rest'ins;, in most places, upon a gray clay subsoil At; -a depth of from ten to twenty feet below the surface, The clay subsoil forms a hard pan which is impervious to water. These r.oils have been slowly formed by the decomposition of shales, sandstones, marls, limestones, etc, mixed with or ganic and vegetable matter, washed down by the inhrhty-rhers and have been gradually deposited darin" the course of centuries. The fertilizing brownish mud held in the wat lof the Colorado and Gilii'rivers resembles that from the Nile, and its quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent., though the water when oven c6nsidcrably discolor ed by mud is good to drink resembling in this res pect the Missouri river water. A chemical analysis' of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile' exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent parts of each. That of tho Colorado exhibiting aj trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and can bonadc of limestome beds through which the Colo rado passes. In other respacts the sediment 'of tho. Colorado is almost identical with that of the Nile.. It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water is used for irrigation it is superior to artesian "waters since it is constantly supplying the land With the richestfertilizlng elements. The soil of the "valleys is extremclyrich in dedomposed vegetable 'blatter and uncomblned carbon, readily absorbing the aerial gases'such especially, as oxygen, which en tering tho soil, decomposes the organic matters so that they can be taken up and nourish the plants which may'e considered a leading feattrr; in its fertility. It also readily takes up and -retains moistureHvhile the firmness of its particles affords every tacH ty for percolation and the activity of capillary action. In i ts mechanical composition its particlcs'arc in a state of very fine division, which renders it more productive than coarser, soils It acquiries heat readily in the daytime, and the loss of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it re mains always warm and Is not subject to sudden changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter, sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime, soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potashentcr into composition in the proportions best adapted to add to its fertility, though, of course, as is alwajs the case in soil analysis, ite' eomposition varies in different localitics and" id not always constant Tiic soi o the uplands, or mesas, lighter and more gravelly and in some places of a iree, loamy, calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and generous. They seem especially adapted for the grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Thnir soil contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture admirably in summer. It is df that character which will produce c wine that will keep good for fifty or a hundred years, and improve annually, not being liable to soiir, or on exposure to the air, after one year old, to become turbid and change color in thei bottle or glass. W& can safely say that the soil of Yuma County can nowhere be surpassed, containing as it does all the essential elements of richness and fertility acre"!, now prontiess, can c mams by the construction of irrigating ditcher, and t.iero is no investment which assures larger or more permanent returns." The foregoing statements are not exaggerates in fact, they fall short of doing justice to this won derful land, rineapples, dates, almohds and wal nuts will do well. Strawberries, raspberries, black berries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of small fruits can be successfully cultivated. Indeed, Yuma County is not only the natural nome oi citrus and seini-tropical fruits, as almost every fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass or egctable which cau be produced in either tropic or temperate zone, will thrive hilts rich and fertile eons. FRUIT CULTURE. ARIZONA. & -STrt m (T V A Thc Ugliest claim for other fWWR'Pll tobaccos is "Just mk h &cod as Durham. J'M know: rcry ala .smoker there is none just as good as 3K You will find 'one coupon inside each two ounce bag,aud two cou pons inside'each four ounce bagoi Blacxweirs Durham. Buy a bag of this cele brated tobacco aud read the coupon which gives a list of valuable presents and how to get them. .nj. JLK1Z03A. Arizona strinds at the threshold of m era of wonderf nl social and industrial de velopment. There can't be a doubt about the fact. The dawn for winch she has waited so long1 is breaking at last. Tliori is every promise of a day of great pros perity and permanent upbuilding just il fore her. Theimpulse of a new aud" ener gizing hope is visible everywhere among her people, while the cumulative cilect ot many things, which made but small ini pression as they transpired singly, i3 now commanding' for her a full share of atten tion and interest abroad among home seekers and" capitalists. A lively competition has sprung up for the possession of things which have hereto fore gone a-begging for ownership. There is ascranible for' franchises. ToSiiing more surely indicates a great industrial awaken ing than this. The rates of interest are falling to moderate figures. Nothing mow surely indicates confidence and competition Arizona has reached that climacticer IIS Aliracuons iiuuauvuuiusbs a u period tfftich every western state has ex- piace of Resiuence in Winter. perienceu sometime in its nistory wnen, ntfii- nnl? onri U'ni rr crnirrrrlo orwf rlmilT: with each sias of the balance first tin and wuhbwv miu. uBuaduueuiui then down, 'the clouds of despondency -New York Tribune, who has spent the last have suddenly rolled away, and a sunhurst f..,n w,ntorx in Arizona for the bsnefit of of energizing hope has thrilled the ' droop- ,. .... .. intfilu,.:n:ni an(i in ing spirits of the people to greater "and . ' , , , lnvonn'ivnrfnilmW structivelv concerning that pare or tne For the last twelve years the subsidence country. Mr. Eeid says of the great iombstone boom and the com- So manv nUestions arc asked about Ari- pletion of two transcontinental, lines of I , r . . -j A r . . . Unnn oofi iilirotor ivintfir rp.sirifnce. and railroad across her terntor r Arizona has 1 rather dropped out of .public attention, there appears to oe sucn a nearcn oi pre but in that time she has been quietly ac- else information among many who are cumulating a fund of substantial wealth v:t!uiv interested, that it seenis almost a and a force of moFal character which t , . qualify her now to rise up and take hcr puoiic awy, tosec uown, m uc umu destiny in her own hands. form, a fewfacts of personal observation The population of Arizona is Mexican. weather. the moral" point of view. There is but one uulul'i 14 considerdble center of Mexican population Southern Arizona in winter there was but in thc territory, the city of lucson, and one ,iay when the weather made it actually even mere ic is nou oy any means ac pres- ,icf rni. mB tft ,.:;,:,, ,-n -y.0 ent the predominating element. It think e . . ' 7 . . , it is certain that Arizona has not to-day a" " SUU1U "mc Ui uu"tl """"s nearly so large a Mexican population as day. Of course there were a good .many Colorado and not above 'one-tenth as much wliich a weather observer would de- as New Mexico showerv: but durui" these hve montns ATI f to TholanJS of Yuma County comprrfe the river CfJJ.. nn.i vallevs ana thc uplands of mesas The tottdm ands arc inoifitcr'and slightly Wre fwtile If indeed, it is possible to make comparisons Sphere all are so wonderfully productive and prolific The uplands or mosas arc warmer and, perhaps. lightly for hotter the cultivation of tho citrus iruit Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub ject o great interest at prese'nt, and will no doubt, be thc principal industryin Yuma County. The remarkable results that nave sprung from very superficial and imperfect culture has de monstrated that thc soil 'and climate of Yuma County arc peculiarly 'adapted for this branch of agricultural enterprise. The development of these resources is of tho Utmost importance and is at tracting carcfnl attention. Experiments have been made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture of different kiniis of fruits have bctm collected vhlch "cannot fail to convince, even tbemostskept ical, of the wonderful superiority of Yuma County over Southern California in fruit growing, and which must lead to a large and varied production, of the most remunerative character. The Commissioner of Immigration in his report, published in 18S0, writes as follows of the rich valleys of the Gila. Colorado and Calt rivers. "The soil of these valleys is among the richest rjh the continent. It is formed of thc detritus which the streams for aires have brought down from their mountain homes in their journov to the By constant overflows and change of channel, the deposit of this rich vegetable matter "has form ed a soil of extreme fertility, Near tho streams it is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small rains and grasses. Farther back there is a rich sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially favorable for fruit culture. It has been already demonstratcd that thc productive capacity of thes.e allej-s is not surpassed by lands of equal area in any part of the United States. So rapid and prolific the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables hathe labdr btthe cultivator is reduced to the- minimum. In nearly all of them two tjrbps a year can be growth, and vegetation' 13 one month ahead of California The farmers plants a cottonwood sapling before his door, and within the vear he has a shade tree twenty-five feet hmh! Alfalfa can oc cut six times during thc season, and it is an actual fact thc grape-cuttings have produced within eigh teen months! What State or Territory can make such a shewing? Thc climate, it must be remem bered, is nearly perpetual summer, bnow nc- cr falls in these southern valleys. The farmer begins to plant in November, and by the middle of Hay his harvest is ready. Ro'sto are in bloom, fruit trees are blossoming, and the grain fields are a sea of green, when thc fields of thc Eastern farmers arc covered with snow and ice. Every variety o grains, grasses, fruits and vege tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic zones can be prodnccd in thc valleys of Arizona. "Wheat, corn, barley, oats and all thc small grcins rvc a vield of frbm twenty-five to fifty bushels to the acre. Alfalfaclover, timothy, Bermuda and all thc cultivated -grasses grow luxuriantl-, the former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre Booh vear. Every variety of vegetable raised in tho iTnitpil States can bcarrown in Arizona, and nowhere a"re they found of better quality. Besides the products mentioned, these semi tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the sugar-cane, but little attcnticu is paid to thc culti vation of other staples; but it hab been demonstrat ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that when the Europeans first penetrated this region, triby found the Pima Indians w'baring fabrics made of cotton grown in thc Gila valley. But it is their adaptability for fruit culture that assures to these valley lands a dense popula tion and a prosperous future. Almost every var iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quince and nec tarine, are '6f delicious flavor, and give a gen erous yield. The grape of all varieties is'n home in these tunny vales. No place in the grape-grow- belt of the Pacific Coast can show so prolific a vield. Thc quality is that coum dc acsireu; and thc wine, although its manufacture is yet ex perimental, is of a fine flavor, delicious bouquet, and unsurpassed by any native product as a table beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape have shown that this climate and soil possess every advantage for thc production and curing of this staple article of commerce. "Besides the fruits already mentioned, thc or ange, lemon, lim-e, olive, fig. pomegranate, and others of thc citrus family, can be grown success fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange tries arc now in bearing in thc Salt River valley and 'f t Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul tivated at thc latter place. Hie Arizona orange in quality and flavor will compare favorably with the best California, "In thc valleys of thc Colorado, the Salt and the Gila livers, there is room ftfr thousands. It is not too rnuchto say that nowhere within the limits of this broad Union can be f6und a more desirable Tegion for the making of a home. No latorious clearing of the land is required; it lies almost ready for thc pldfw. Trees and shrubbery Hue so Vapid a growth that within eighteen months the immigrant can surround his tbode with attractions which would require years to mature in lessfavored climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market . fn n,nnt.ii before the California product. The bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure, drv atmosphere brings health to all who Inhale it. For the establishment of colonies, bucli as we have f snutiifirn California a arden, Arizona WHY EMMIGRANTS SHOULD COME TO YUMA COUNTY. Because the climate is perfect . Because thc soil is fertile and prolific Because land is abundant aria cheap . Because a home can be made with little labor. Because so great a variety of products can be grown . Because thc yield is large and the prices always remunerative. Because life is a luxury in a land where the sun shines every day. Because there Jare'chances for a poor man (from November. 1S93, to May, 1S96,) there were only four days when we did not :have brilliant sunshine at some time dur ing the day. Even more than Egypt, any where north of Luxor, Arizona is the laud of sunshine. As to details: TEMPEUATUKK . I have seen the thermometer mark 92 degrees in the shade on my north piazza in March. On the other hand, we had" frosts which killed young orange trees, and there were several nights when 'thin ice formed. The government reports show a mean older temperature for fourteen years at the pres- which he can never hone to lint! in countries ent territorial capital of 57 degrees irr ROMnCf, tho ?o n,w-,; ori November, 53 degrees in December, 49 de- property value's are increasing. Because, unlike Southern California it d'e'ec'not require a small fortune to secure a piece of land. Because capital does not block all the av enues to wealth, nor crowd "the poor man to the wall. grees in January, 5-1 degrees in February, 61 degrees in March and 66 degrees in April. The same reports show the highest and lowest temperatures, averaged for eight years, at the same place, as follows: For November 7S degrees and 42 degrees, December 73 degrees and 36 degrees, I r.-1 1 .1 0.- J -CU Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms January uoy, degrees aim uSib, in V,,m.i mnhr mitinir fnrwramnnh ruary la UCgieeb aim oo , -iicc. Bscauae churches, schools, newsnaners March Si 72 degrees aim i uegrces um and railroads are fast developing thei moral April SO degrees and 46 degrees. The and material elements of the Territory. SM throughout the winter are apt to be Because good land is becoming scarce, and cool enough tor open wooa nres, ana ior if youHtent-catch on now,.your last 'chance blankets. Half the time an overcoat is not needed during the aay, duc ms never will soon be gone . . Because the country is one of the few regions of the Uuited States that yields the products of the temperate and semi-tropic zones Because the worker receives a fair com pensation for his labor, an a field for the display of his energy and en terprise . Uecause there are neither blizxarcl3 or tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations, snow-storms nor cyclones Because the vast and varied resources of the country are yet to be developed . Because the wealth of its mines, its farm- prudent for a stranger to be without one at hand. Air.. The atmosphere is singularly clear, tonic and dry. 1 have never seen it clearer ,1 tfc r,10tw hoc anywhere in the world. It seems to have about the same bracing and exhilarating. qualities as the air of the Great Sahara in Northern Africa, or of the deserts about Mount Sinai, in Arabia Pdtraea. It isj much drier than 111 the parts of Morocco, Algiers or Tunis usually visited, and drier than any part of the Valley of the Nile north of the First Cataract. It seems to n 1 1 1 mi 4.1 -n, nie about the same in quality as the air on ing valleys, and grazing lands, will yet build! l-lc auuuu 1 J . TTr . . i 4. the Nile between Assouan and Wady- Haifa, but somewhat cooler. ACTUAL 'HUMIDITY. This is extremely slight, everywhere in Arizona, as compared with any eastern climate in the United States. The air is driest on the high mesas, remote Irom snowclad mountains or forests, and in the desert valleys, where no considerable irri gation has been begun. Wherever irriga tion is carried on on a large scale, the Because a man can make a livelihood her, with less labor than in any other part of the United States, Because there is health in every breeze, and strength'and vigor under its cloudless 3kies. Because the Settler need not spend a life time in felling trees and grubbing out stumps. Because verretalfcion is so ranid that in two years the home is surrounded by a growth percentage 01 numiuity 111 iu '""'F, nf trp.es and shrubs which would rermfro five years to deveWp in a colder clime. an eastern visitor it is scarcely perceptible Tho snnm Onvfirmncnt observations ai- some, and health welcomes the afflicted. , o,t ,4.:v illimi,iitv. at isecause the country lias a brilliant luture J - - and vou want to be in the "swim." ' Phoenix or Tucson, averagea ior weeus, Because in its pure, dry invigorating air, from lnorninand evening readings, at less epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate. th h ,f t, a humidity on dry days Because its people are generous liberal. hospitable and progressive . WHY CAPITAL SHOULD SEEK YUMA GOUNTY. Because its mines are the richest. Because its crazin" lands arc the best Because its farming lands are valuable and productive Uecause it inves assurance 01 the largest returns on money invested . Because its grand resources are yet to be Because it is a young, growing county average rainiaii in ouuincui xxijua, with an assured future. shown bv the Government observations, is Because tne opportunities ior ungugmg 111 , t!sy ;lu.i,p5 VL,ar. - L in New York. General Greely,, in a pub lication frdm the Weather Bureau, gave the normal weight of aqueous vapor in the Arizona air'at from 1 to 4 grains per cubic foot. 11AIN. Showers, and indeed heavy rains arc liable to occur in every month of the year; but the actual number of rains seems to an eastern visitor strangely small. The ains and deserts. The man who looks for either the beauty or the seductive excite ment of Monte Carlo will not find it. As little will he find the historic remains or" the cosmopolitan attractions of Egypt; nor could he reasonable expect the amusements and luxuries of our own Eastern cities. Thc people of Arizona are-still chiefly busy in the pioneer work of subduing it to the residence and uses of civilized man. But it has two transcontinental line's of railway withnumerous feeders; it has fast mails, and rival teloorraph lines, and is throbbing with the intense life of the splendid West. The two nrincinal towns in the south ern portion, chiefly sought for their climatic advantages, are Phoenix and Tucson. Each of them has ten thousand inhabitants or more. They havethe electric light, tele phones, trolley cars, plerity of hotels, banks, bookstores, good schools, churches, an occasional theatrical-performance, some times a lecture or a circus, often a horse race, and, in the spring, a thoroughly curious and interesting "fiesta." For the ce'st, people must take their amusements with them. Good horses are abundant and cheap, and there are plenty of cow boys the genuine article to show what horses can do. The driving lor httecn or twenty miles in almost any direction from Phoenix, is nearly always easy. The' roads are apt to be dusty; but there is one well- sprinkled drive of six or eight miles; and since the winds are quite regular in their direction, it is rarely difficult to choose a route op which the dust will be largely carried away from you. The unbroken desert itself is often as easy to drive over as an Eastern hishwav. and the whole valley is a paradhe for bicyclers, or eques trains. CAN ONE LIVE COsLfORTABLV? That again depends on what you expect, You cannot have the luxuries of our IN'ew York houses out there, unless you build one; or the variety of our New York markets, unless you charater a refrigerator car. sim tnere are noteis wim uimuau io much frontage as the Waldorf; and, like everything otee in thc Territory excepting the mountains and deserts, they are new. There are boarding houses of more kinds than one; and brick cottages of eight or ten rooms can occasinally by rented. Bet ter than any of them, for the man with the energy and the pluck to take it, is to tent on ' the dtbert; and he who knows how to "camp out" with comfort through Septem ber m the Adirondacks can camp out in Arizona through thc winter. As to food, there is plenty, and it is good if you can get it well cooked. The alfalfa fields of the Salt lliver Valley are the fattening ground for thc great cattle ranges of the Territory. From there the markets of Los Angeles and even of Denver are largely supplied, Good beef, mutton aud poultry are plenty and cheap. Quail, ducks and venison from the vicinity can also be had. Vegetables and truits are abundant in their season, and sometimes the season i3 a long one. It is the one country I have lived in where strawberries ripen in the open air ten months in the year. I have had them on my table, fresh picked from the open garden at Christmas ' IS IT A LAWLESS COUNTRY? The man who goe3 to any considerable Arizona town with the idea of the South west derived from novels, or from "The Arizona Kicker," will be greatly mystified. He will find as many churches as in towns of corresponding size in Pennsylvania or Ohio; and probably more schoolhouses He will find plenty of liquor-shops, too, and gambling houses, and dancehouscs, and yet ho will see little disorder unless he hunts late at night for it, and he will be apt to, find as at Phoenix a community of ten; thousand people requiring in the daytime only one policeman, and hardly requiring him. During my winter there I did not see a single disturbance in the streets, or half a dozcu drunken men, all 'told. Min ing men aud an occasional :cowboy certainly Tucson and Phoenix. The first is near thc sea level; is the warmest and probably the driest of thc three, has thc least population, and thn smallest provioion for visitors. Tucson is the oldest town In the Territory, and, after Santa Fe, perhaps the oldest in thc Southwest. Its adobe Louses give it a Mexican look, and arc thoroughly comfort able. Its newer houses are of a handsome building stone, found in the vicinity. The Territorial University is here, and it was formerly the' capital. Its elevation being more than double that of Phoenix, it is somewhat coaler, and as thdro is next to no irrigation near it, thc air is a little drier. Phoenix is the centre of the greatest irriga tion in the Territory. The country for miles around smiles with green fields, cover ed with almost countless herff s of cattle, and it is everywhere shut in by low mount ains. It is the Territorial capital, has the Government Indian School, the Territorial Lunatie Asylum, and other -institutions, and is the general focus for the Territory. Like Tucson, it has its occasional wiriU and sand storms perhaps not quite so often. At either place visitors who know how to adapt themselves to circuimtances can be entirely comfortable, and in each they will find an intelligent, orderly, enterprising and most hospitable community . They will find a country full of mines, full of rich agricultural lands, abounding in battle and horses, in vineyards and orchards and the beginnings of very successful orange groves a country, in fact, as full of promise for hardy and adventurous men now as Califor nia was in thefifties. Above all, it has been their lot to search for health in far countries, they will revel in the luxury of being in their own land, among their own countrymen, within easy reach of their friends by telegraph or rail, and in a climate as good of its kind as any in the world. mm boteMj Blacksmith and Wagon Maker 1 You can be cured If you suffer from any of the ills ot men, come 10 me uiucsi specialists on the Facinc coast. Dr. Jordan ot to. xnousanua now live happy lives that we t saved from the grave. . Stricture, loss ot mannooa, H!im nft-hc skin and kid neys quickly cured wit, out the use of I mercury. Treatment personally or py letter. Send for book "The Philosophy of Marriage," free. DR. JOKDAN & CO.'S GREAT MUSETOI OF ANATOMY. Go and learn how wonderfully you are made; hovr to avoid sickness and disease. Thousands of new objects. Additions con tinually. Catalogue sent tree. 1 051 Market SlrSat, San Francisco, usu. TK1RTY-SEVCNTH YEAR. - wnRi.rvwiDE ClRCULATiuri. Twenty Paces; Weekly;lllnstrated. Indispensable to Mining Men. THESE DOLLAKS PER TEAR, POSTPAID. SAMPLE COP8 FREE. HffifflGAHD SCIENTIFIC PRESS, C 020 Market St., San Francisco, SO YEARS EXPERIENCE. WW Shop on Main street. OPPOSITE PUBLIC SCHOOL. Horse Shoeing a Specialty. Mr. Doten has in connection with his shop a fine Feed Yard fdr stock. JcTo? Sale. 10 AN ACRE-, THREE HALF SECTIONS OF PATENTED LAND. 1 AS FINE AND FERTILE AS v PLOW EVER TURNED. wicn rerpecuai water Jtugiit unce the Celebrated Mohawk Canal in Mohawk Yallej. EaIi half section has 40 Acres Leveled, Fenced, and Ready For Farming. Inquire of 0". W. DORRINGTON, YUMA, ARIZ. OR GEO. W. NORTON, MOHAWK, YUMA CO., ARIZ nfinufacturing cntecprises are better than in anV other reeion of the West. Because good mining properties can 'be had at reasonable lijrures Because there is a demand for additional facilities for ore reduction ALTITUDES. It is a striking advantag'o offered by Arizona that, with the same general con ditions as to temperature and dryness of Because there are vast stretches of rich air, the physician is able to select nearly soil to be reclaimed by the construction of anv altitude he may desire. Thus, asth- cotitihlsft YRtlett-c! s6il. Tl valley 1 sud preseiitS ttbtivaied oaportiiilittes Tliau&Ha!. b! irrigating canals. Because there are large tracts of grass lands that can be utilized by the sinking ot artesian wells. Because there are many openings in a new country which cannot exist in older com munities. Because the opportunities for engaging in tho successful cultivation of semi-tropic fruHs are better than in any other part of the United States. Because property values are rapidly ad vancing. Because Arizona's boom is yet to come. Because it is a virgin field, ready for the seed which will produce a golden har-ct,. matic sufferers can find almost the sea level at Yuma, or an altitude of only a thousand feet at Phoenix, or of only 2,400 at Ttscson. Others, who find no objection to greater elevations, can choose between IWcott or Fort Whipple, 5,400; Flag staff, "0,800,; the Sulphur Spring Valley, or Fort Grant, 4,200; Fort Htiachuca. 4,800, "or Oracle, about 4,000. IS IT A TLACE FIT T"6 LIVE IN? This depends on what one expects in a hugci juirsely settled Territory of mount had quarrels, sometimes, in tho disorderly quarters at night; and there were stories of the use of the knife among Mexicans; bat the visitor who went about his own business had as little trouble as on Board way or Chestnut street. The Pima and Maricopa Indians, who are encountered everywhere, have been friendly with the whites forjgenerations, aud there isn't an Apache within some hundreds of miles. WHICH TOWN IS THe BEST? Primarily that is a question for the phy sician, if there is a physician in the case if not, try them all. If a mountain region, considerable altitude and a comparatively low temperature is desired', Prescott is in a picturesque region, near a great mining districts, and has the social advantage of an army post, Whipple Barracks. Flag staff is still higher, is in a region of dense pine forests, and is within a hard day's journey of one of the wonders of the world, thc Colorado Canyon. Oracle is a pretty mountain nook, embowered in splendid live oaks, like those of California, and is also near an important mining district. If lower altitude and a distinctly semi tropical climate are desired, the three places most likely to bo considered are Yuma, Equitable assurance Society "F THE UNITED STATES. 811? 5fi4,5g January 1, 1895 Assets - 3? i 85,440,3 i O Reserve Fund (4$ Standard.) t AND ALL OTHEfe Liabilities . . . Surplus, 4 per cent. .. .$37,479,803 Suqilus, 3 Standard, $27,2oS,7G5 Outstanding As surance 8913,556,733 In the above Statement of Outstanding Assurance, Instalment Policies issued during 1S94, and previous thereto, have been re duced to their couimuteii value . New Assurance Applied for $256,552,736 Amount Declined . 59,436,748 New Assurancu written .$217.1 15,98S RY B. HYDE, Pres W. ALEXANDER, Vice President. "TX7"ANTED: Several trustworthy gentlemen Y T orladios to travel in Arizona for estab lished reliable house. Salary S7S0 and expanse Steady position. Enclose reference and self ad dressed stamped envelope. The Dominion Com pany, Third Floor, Omaha Building, Chicago. Ill TTT ANTED SEVERAL FAITHFUL MEN OR W woman to travel for responsible established houso in Arizona. Salary 7S0, payable silo weekly and expenses. Position permanent. Kcferoi.ce Enclose self-addressed stamped envelope. The Na tional, Star Building, Chicago. Wanted-An idea Who can thlntt of some simple thlnir to Datent? Protect your Ideas: they may bring you weaitn. Writ JOHN WEDDERBURN & CO- Patent Attor nays. Washington, D. C for,thelr 41,800 prize oner and list ot two hundred Inventions wanted. . - TRADE MARKS DESIGNS, COPYRIGHTS Sco: Anyone sending n sketch and description mar quickly ascertain, freo, wh .iner aa invention Is probably patentable. Communications strictly conildentlaL Oldest atrency for securing patents in America. Wo havo a Washington office. Patents taken through Munn & Co. raceiva special notice in the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, any scientific Journal, weekly, terms f3.00 a Tarj SLoOstx months. Specimen coplns and HAJfB Iluoic OX Patents sent free. Aaoreas MUNN & CO., 301 Broadway, New York. irvpats. and Trade-Marks obtained and all Pat.1 ent business conauctea ior moderate fees. land we can secure patent in, less tuae than loose 'rptnnfp fmm Washinp too. i i Send moaei, drawing or pnotu wiia utstwy-' 'tlon. We advise, if patentable or not, free of' cnarge. unr xee not one uu patent o xtmcu. , A PAMPHLET, .tieriv to uoiam -rascals, wiu i cost of same in the U. S. and foreign couatri; sent free. Address, C.A.SNOW&CO.I opp. Patent Office, Washington. D. C. J ORDINANCE DUMBER 59. Be it ordained by the Mayor and Com mon Council of the village of Yuma, as iollaws, to-wit: Whereas, On the 2nd day of December, A. D. 1892, this village corporation, passed (Ordinance Number Sixteen (16), uidcr the terms of which Ordinance, certain Iiots and Blocks bordering on Orana Avenue, in said village of Yuma, were conveyed to a commission by said village, T.'hich said com mission consisted of F. L. Ewing, I. Levy and W. T. Heffernanrepresenting the said village of Yuma, for the purposes of a .cer tain contract, by and between said village with Hiram V. Blaisdell; And whereas, on the Sth day of October", A. D. 1896, the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for the County of Yuma, did render judgment, which said judgment is upon record, in the office of the Clerk of said Court, declaring that the actions of said commission so established as aforesaid, arc null and void; And whereas; said Hiram W. Blaisdell has expended upon the improvement of said Orange Avenue, mentioned in said Ordi nance, the sum of three thousand, eighfc hundred and fifty-three dollars and sixty two cents ($3,853.62) net above receipts; And whereas, said Hiram W. Blaisdell has fully complied in all respects with the terms of said Ordinance Number sixteen (16), in so far as his obligations thereunder are concerned; And whereas in carrying out the equity of said Ordinance Number sixteen (17, tho village of Yuma", by its Council does hereby Ordain; That the Mayor of this village be. in structed to convey by good and sufficient deed the following described village lots', being lots embraced in said Ordinance Number sixteen (16), to Hiram W. Blaisdell as follows", te-wit Lota Number one (1), eleven (11) and twelve (12) in block number one hundred and sixteen (116); lots numbers one.(l), Two (2)', three (3). four (4), seven (7), eight S), nine (9), ten (10), and eleven (11), in block num ber one hundred and seventeen (117); Lota number four (4), five (5), six (6y, in block number one hundred and eighteen (118)S Lots numbers one (1), two (2), three (3), four (4), five (5), and six (6), in blocks num ber one hundred ana thirty three (133) Lots number seven (7), eights(S), nine (9)'t ten (10), eleven (11), and twelve (12), in block number one hundred and thirty-foar (134); Lots numbers seven (7fc eight (8)', nine (9), ten (TO), and eleven (11), and twelve) 12), in block numbered one hundred and forty-eight (148); Lots number one (1)', two (2), threcl33, fourl4, five to), and six C6D,in block number one hundred and forty nine 1 149); Lots "number onetlJ, two (25, three C3"), and four f4), in block numbered one hundred and sixty-four ( 164?; and lota numbered five, ( 5,0 six C6, seven C7D, and eight (S), in block numbered one hrindrad and siXty'-five (165), as per tlie official Map of said Village, "White's survey- That said deed shall b'e made and is Ordained to be made, subject to the terms of the agreement of this date entered into by and between the Village of Yuma; and said Hiram W. Blaisdell, and said, agreement is referred to in this Ordinance'. Approved this 30th day of December, A. D. 1S96. R. J. Duncax. Mayor of thc Village of Yuma. Attest; J. H. CAr.r-ENTEK-, Village Recorder!