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The Arizona sentinel. [volume] (Arizona City [Yuma], Yuma County, A.T. [Ariz.]) 1872-1911, February 06, 1897, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021912/1897-02-06/ed-1/seq-4/

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f- . "YUMA COUNTY.
fA 'white man first ct foot on w"nat'is
ovr Ynma County "in 1771. It is the
Southwest division of the Territory, and
''one of the four original counties of the Tcr:
rittry, Many gredt reclamation projects arc
however on footind in a few years ex
pect to see Yuma County rated as the
'richest in the'Territory.
The first glirnpse the traveler from Cali
fornia catches cf Arizona is that of the
"".picturesque town of Yuma, which' is snugly
'situated in the embrace of gentle rolling
ills, upon Whose crests and sides the
'-modern homes of our superior civilization
'are crowding the adobe 'dwellings into
'eternal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to
sArizona, the new empire of'the West, upon
Svhose undeveloped riches the eyes of the
1 country are at present turned, and as such,
'she is bcund to grow and 'prosper with a
rapidity that'dtt present can hardly be re
'alized. BuC'coapled with her geographi-
1 cal positidn we find that she is the center
'ofa'CCtantry whose agricultural possibili
'ties are practically unlimited, being sur
rounded by a soil the fertility of which
Exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and
wanting only water to become a paradise of
bloom. Billions of gallons of that precious
fluid have annually gone to waste at
Yuma's very doors, but already a reaction
is tAfeatfblnce "2& Vna'ny "enterprises arc
Vsfcf.n snrr1vhe life-civincr waters of
Hhe yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth.
HIVERSOF YUMA COUNTY.
lIn regard to climate, healthfulness, fer
tilitv and productiveness of soil, facilities
'for cultivation, irrigation and abundance 6
s water supply, variety of resources and
cheap transportation by rail and by water,
no part of Arizona can surpass Yuma
'county, which is destined' to become one of
richest and most prosperous counties m
Arizona.
It lies between 32 00' and3'40 20' north
'latitude and 113 20' and 114 40' west
Mongitudc. It contains 6.488,320 acres. It
the States of Rhode
'Island. Connecticut and Delaware com
bixed.- or as!argc as-either New Hampshire,
Vermont or Massachusetts.
The western boundary of Yuma County
is formed by the Colorado river, which
separates Arizona from California. The
' county is bounded on the north by Williams
Perl: and the Santa Maria river, whose
'waters flow into the Colorado; ontheeSst
hv the counties of Pima, Maricopa and
Yavanai. and on the south by Sonora,
"Mexico. Its county seat is the town of
Yuma.
The Colorado fiver drains the entire ter
ritory of Arizona, and every drop ct water
which falls da its mountains .fcrifi plains
tiiio tnifhtv river. It
I1UU5 r o
.formed by 'the union of the Green and
tefand fivers, fed by the streams which
rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt
ing snows cause a greater depth of water!
in this river m summer lihan in winter, thus
furnishing the most water at the season
when it is most required for the purposes
df irrigation and agriculture.
lit will be seen that for the entire Gistance
along its western boundary, Yuma County!
possesses -the great advantage of cheap
water 'transportation.
The Gila river rises in the western part
of New Mexico and is fed by numerous
streams, among the most prominent of
which are the San Pedro, Aqua Fria, Has
sayampaand Salt rivers. It flows west
through Yuma County and empties into the
Colorado at the town of Yuma.
Yiiala-ccunty, traversed by these great
iivdrs from its -northern to its southern,
rind from its eastern to its western bound-
aries, possesses a far greater water supply
thnnanv other county m the xerruory,
nnd far more than can be found in all Cali-
This water is now being diverted from its
natural channels by means of numerous
InrFe irrieatinc'esnals, and utilized for the
purpose of reclaiming and irrigating the
immense tracts of lands which lie in this
favored country, and which arc as fertile
as any in the world.
The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the
Colorado river at the town of Yuma and
tins through the county, following the
goncrol course, and at an average distance
of about four miles south, of the Gila 'river,
renderinc all the lands susceptible of Trri-
rr.ntinn and cultivation, can find an easy
,i . - j.u: ,.,o,r oml ran be transnoited
OUElfiC 111 mho "J
to all the markets and centers of population
the East or West.
Another competing railroad is projected
fcrmn San iDieso. California, to the town
'of Yuma, and thence along the north side
v,f the Gila river. Thus Yuma Cdanty will
have exceptional railroad advantages
THE CLIMATE OF YUMA.
The climate of Yuma for nine motaths of
4he year has no equal, as wo believe, in the
t. a Zlnritirr the remaining three
WUWU, u-"v
nf the vear. comprising June, July
ind Auuust, tie heat is not oppressive
liven though the thermometer in niid-suin-
.nier niay a times rise above 10U , ana oc
feiftionallr even reach 110, yet, o.ing
hP absence of moisture in the air, it is not
fcnnressive. The atmosphere is pur light
&d balm. When the Mercury marks the
highest efctrene of heafr, a person Goes not
'debility which is
jeei iiiui uiii-
l,..f i t.l.e Eastern States when the mcr
fcury is ranging from S0 to 90. The air is
i that nersniration is absorbed as soon
fes it beaches the surface of the body, and
j. Kiimmer does the heat
tit HO Jii
produce asy discomfort.
LANDS AND SOILS.
of the Gila and Colorado livers have for the most
part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray
surly loam, rest'ins;, in most places, upon a gray
clay subsoil At; -a depth of from ten to twenty feet
below the surface, The clay subsoil forms a hard
pan which is impervious to water. These r.oils have
been slowly formed by the decomposition of shales,
sandstones, marls, limestones, etc, mixed with or
ganic and vegetable matter, washed down by the
inhrhty-rhers and have been gradually deposited
darin" the course of centuries. The fertilizing
brownish mud held in the wat lof the Colorado
and Gilii'rivers resembles that from the Nile, and
its quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent.,
though the water when oven c6nsidcrably discolor
ed by mud is good to drink resembling in this res
pect the Missouri river water. A chemical analysis'
of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile'
exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent
parts of each. That of tho Colorado exhibiting aj
trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and can
bonadc of limestome beds through which the Colo
rado passes. In other respacts the sediment 'of tho.
Colorado is almost identical with that of the Nile..
It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water is
used for irrigation it is superior to artesian "waters
since it is constantly supplying the land With the
richestfertilizlng elements. The soil of the "valleys
is extremclyrich in dedomposed vegetable 'blatter
and uncomblned carbon, readily absorbing the
aerial gases'such especially, as oxygen, which en
tering tho soil, decomposes the organic matters so
that they can be taken up and nourish the plants
which may'e considered a leading feattrr; in its
fertility. It also readily takes up and -retains
moistureHvhile the firmness of its particles affords
every tacH ty for percolation and the activity of
capillary action. In i ts mechanical composition its
particlcs'arc in a state of very fine division, which
renders it more productive than coarser, soils It
acquiries heat readily in the daytime, and the loss
of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it re
mains always warm and Is not subject to sudden
changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con
stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter,
sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime,
soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potashentcr into
composition in the proportions best adapted to
add to its fertility, though, of course, as is alwajs
the case in soil analysis, ite' eomposition varies in
different localitics and" id not always constant
Tiic soi o the uplands, or mesas, lighter and
more gravelly and in some places of a iree, loamy,
calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and
generous. They seem especially adapted for the
grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Thnir soil
contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the
bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture
admirably in summer. It is df that character which
will produce c wine that will keep good for fifty or
a hundred years, and improve annually, not being
liable to soiir, or on exposure to the air, after one
year old, to become turbid and change color in thei
bottle or glass.
W& can safely say that the soil of Yuma County
can nowhere be surpassed, containing as it does all
the essential elements of richness and fertility
acre"!, now prontiess, can c mams
by the construction of irrigating ditcher, and t.iero
is no investment which assures larger or more
permanent returns."
The foregoing statements are not exaggerates
in fact, they fall short of doing justice to this won
derful land, rineapples, dates, almohds and wal
nuts will do well. Strawberries, raspberries, black
berries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of
small fruits can be successfully cultivated. Indeed,
Yuma County is not only the natural nome oi
citrus and seini-tropical fruits, as almost every
fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass or egctable which
cau be produced in either tropic or temperate zone,
will thrive hilts rich and fertile eons.
FRUIT CULTURE.
ARIZONA.
& -STrt
m (T V A Thc Ugliest claim for other
fWWR'Pll tobaccos is "Just
mk h &cod as Durham.
J'M know:
rcry ala .smoker
there is none just
as good as
3K
You will find 'one coupon inside
each two ounce bag,aud two cou
pons inside'each four ounce
bagoi Blacxweirs Durham.
Buy a bag of this cele
brated tobacco aud read the
coupon which gives a list
of valuable presents and how
to get them.
.nj.
JLK1Z03A.
Arizona strinds at the threshold of m
era of wonderf nl social and industrial de
velopment. There can't be a doubt about
the fact. The dawn for winch she has
waited so long1 is breaking at last. Tliori
is every promise of a day of great pros
perity and permanent upbuilding just il
fore her. Theimpulse of a new aud" ener
gizing hope is visible everywhere among
her people, while the cumulative cilect ot
many things, which made but small ini
pression as they transpired singly, i3 now
commanding' for her a full share of atten
tion and interest abroad among home
seekers and" capitalists.
A lively competition has sprung up for
the possession of things which have hereto
fore gone a-begging for ownership. There
is ascranible for' franchises. ToSiiing more
surely indicates a great industrial awaken
ing than this. The rates of interest are
falling to moderate figures. Nothing mow
surely indicates confidence and competition
Arizona has reached that climacticer IIS Aliracuons iiuuauvuuiusbs a u
period tfftich every western state has ex- piace of Resiuence in Winter.
perienceu sometime in its nistory wnen,
ntfii- nnl? onri U'ni rr crnirrrrlo orwf rlmilT:
with each sias of the balance first tin and wuhbwv miu. uBuaduueuiui
then down, 'the clouds of despondency -New York Tribune, who has spent the last
have suddenly rolled away, and a sunhurst f..,n w,ntorx in Arizona for the bsnefit of
of energizing hope has thrilled the ' droop- ,. .... .. intfilu,.:n:ni an(i in
ing spirits of the people to greater "and . ' , , ,
lnvonn'ivnrfnilmW structivelv concerning that pare or tne
For the last twelve years the subsidence country. Mr. Eeid says
of the great iombstone boom and the com- So manv nUestions arc asked about Ari-
pletion of two transcontinental, lines of I , r . . -j A
r . . . Unnn oofi iilirotor ivintfir rp.sirifnce. and
railroad across her terntor r Arizona has 1
rather dropped out of .public attention, there appears to oe sucn a nearcn oi pre
but in that time she has been quietly ac- else information among many who are
cumulating a fund of substantial wealth v:t!uiv interested, that it seenis almost a
and a force of moFal character which t , .
qualify her now to rise up and take hcr puoiic awy, tosec uown, m uc umu
destiny in her own hands. form, a fewfacts of personal observation
The population of Arizona is Mexican. weather.
the moral" point of view. There is but one uulul'i 14
considerdble center of Mexican population Southern Arizona in winter there was but
in thc territory, the city of lucson, and one ,iay when the weather made it actually
even mere ic is nou oy any means ac pres- ,icf rni. mB tft ,.:;,:,, ,-n -y.0
ent the predominating element. It think e . . ' 7 . . ,
it is certain that Arizona has not to-day a" " SUU1U "mc Ui uu"tl """"s
nearly so large a Mexican population as day. Of course there were a good .many
Colorado and not above 'one-tenth as much wliich a weather observer would de-
as New Mexico
showerv: but durui" these hve montns
ATI f
to
TholanJS of Yuma County comprrfe the river
CfJJ.. nn.i vallevs ana thc uplands of mesas The
tottdm ands arc inoifitcr'and slightly Wre fwtile
If indeed, it is possible to make comparisons
Sphere all are so wonderfully productive and prolific
The uplands or mosas arc warmer and, perhaps.
lightly for hotter the cultivation of tho citrus iruit
Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub
ject o great interest at prese'nt, and will no
doubt, be thc principal industryin Yuma County.
The remarkable results that nave sprung from
very superficial and imperfect culture has de
monstrated that thc soil 'and climate of Yuma
County arc peculiarly 'adapted for this branch of
agricultural enterprise. The development of these
resources is of tho Utmost importance and is at
tracting carcfnl attention. Experiments have been
made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture
of different kiniis of fruits have bctm collected
vhlch "cannot fail to convince, even tbemostskept
ical, of the wonderful superiority of Yuma County
over Southern California in fruit growing, and
which must lead to a large and varied production,
of the most remunerative character.
The Commissioner of Immigration in his report,
published in 18S0, writes as follows of the rich
valleys of the Gila. Colorado and Calt rivers.
"The soil of these valleys is among the richest
rjh the continent. It is formed of thc detritus
which the streams for aires have brought down
from their mountain homes in their journov to the
By constant overflows and change of channel,
the deposit of this rich vegetable matter "has form
ed a soil of extreme fertility, Near tho streams it
is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small
rains and grasses. Farther back there is a rich
sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially
favorable for fruit culture. It has been already
demonstratcd that thc productive capacity of thes.e
allej-s is not surpassed by lands of equal area in
any part of the United States. So rapid and prolific
the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables
hathe labdr btthe cultivator is reduced to the-
minimum. In nearly all of them two tjrbps a year
can be growth, and vegetation' 13 one month ahead
of California The farmers plants a cottonwood
sapling before his door, and within the vear he has
a shade tree twenty-five feet hmh! Alfalfa can oc
cut six times during thc season, and it is an actual
fact thc grape-cuttings have produced within eigh
teen months! What State or Territory can make
such a shewing? Thc climate, it must be remem
bered, is nearly perpetual summer, bnow nc- cr
falls in these southern valleys. The farmer begins
to plant in November, and by the middle of Hay
his harvest is ready. Ro'sto are in bloom, fruit
trees are blossoming, and the grain fields are a sea
of green, when thc fields of thc Eastern farmers
arc covered with snow and ice.
Every variety o grains, grasses, fruits and vege
tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic
zones can be prodnccd in thc valleys of Arizona.
"Wheat, corn, barley, oats and all thc small grcins
rvc a vield of frbm twenty-five to fifty bushels to
the acre. Alfalfaclover, timothy, Bermuda and
all thc cultivated -grasses grow luxuriantl-, the
former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre
Booh vear. Every variety of vegetable raised in
tho iTnitpil States can bcarrown in Arizona, and
nowhere a"re they found of better quality.
Besides the products mentioned, these semi
tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to
bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the
sugar-cane, but little attcnticu is paid to thc culti
vation of other staples; but it hab been demonstrat
ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted
to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no
experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that
when the Europeans first penetrated this region,
triby found the Pima Indians w'baring fabrics
made of cotton grown in thc Gila valley.
But it is their adaptability for fruit culture
that assures to these valley lands a dense popula
tion and a prosperous future. Almost every var
iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The
apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quince and nec
tarine, are '6f delicious flavor, and give a gen
erous yield. The grape of all varieties is'n home
in these tunny vales. No place in the grape-grow-
belt of the Pacific Coast can show so prolific a
vield. Thc quality is that coum dc acsireu;
and thc wine, although its manufacture is yet ex
perimental, is of a fine flavor, delicious bouquet,
and unsurpassed by any native product as a table
beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape
have shown that this climate and soil possess
every advantage for thc production and curing of
this staple article of commerce.
"Besides the fruits already mentioned, thc or
ange, lemon, lim-e, olive, fig. pomegranate, and
others of thc citrus family, can be grown success
fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange
tries arc now in bearing in thc Salt River valley
and 'f t Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul
tivated at thc latter place. Hie Arizona orange in
quality and flavor will compare favorably with the
best California,
"In thc valleys of thc Colorado, the Salt and the
Gila livers, there is room ftfr thousands. It is not
too rnuchto say that nowhere within the limits of
this broad Union can be f6und a more desirable
Tegion for the making of a home. No latorious
clearing of the land is required; it lies almost
ready for thc pldfw. Trees and shrubbery Hue so
Vapid a growth that within eighteen months the
immigrant can surround his tbode with attractions
which would require years to mature in lessfavored
climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market
. fn n,nnt.ii before the California product. The
bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure,
drv atmosphere brings health to all who Inhale it.
For the establishment of colonies, bucli as we have
f snutiifirn California a arden, Arizona
WHY EMMIGRANTS SHOULD COME TO YUMA
COUNTY.
Because the climate is perfect .
Because thc soil is fertile and prolific
Because land is abundant aria cheap .
Because a home can be made with little
labor.
Because so great a variety of products
can be grown .
Because thc yield is large and the prices
always remunerative.
Because life is a luxury in a land where
the sun shines every day.
Because there Jare'chances for a poor man
(from November. 1S93, to May, 1S96,)
there were only four days when we did not
:have brilliant sunshine at some time dur
ing the day. Even more than Egypt, any
where north of Luxor, Arizona is the laud
of sunshine. As to details:
TEMPEUATUKK .
I have seen the thermometer mark 92
degrees in the shade on my north piazza in
March. On the other hand, we had" frosts
which killed young orange trees, and there
were several nights when 'thin ice formed.
The government reports show a mean
older temperature for fourteen years at the pres-
which he can never hone to lint! in
countries ent territorial capital of 57 degrees irr
ROMnCf, tho ?o n,w-,; ori November, 53 degrees in December, 49 de-
property value's are increasing.
Because, unlike Southern California it
d'e'ec'not require a small fortune to secure a
piece of land.
Because capital does not block all the av
enues to wealth, nor crowd "the poor man
to the wall.
grees in January, 5-1 degrees in February,
61 degrees in March and 66 degrees in
April. The same reports show the highest
and lowest temperatures, averaged for
eight years, at the same place, as follows:
For November 7S degrees and 42 degrees,
December 73 degrees and 36 degrees,
I r.-1 1 .1 0.- J -CU
Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms January uoy, degrees aim uSib,
in V,,m.i mnhr mitinir fnrwramnnh ruary la UCgieeb aim oo , -iicc.
Bscauae churches, schools, newsnaners March Si 72 degrees aim i uegrces um
and railroads are fast developing thei moral April SO degrees and 46 degrees. The
and material elements of the Territory. SM throughout the winter are apt to be
Because good land is becoming scarce, and cool enough tor open wooa nres, ana ior
if youHtent-catch on now,.your last 'chance blankets. Half the time an overcoat is
not needed during the aay, duc ms never
will soon be gone .
. Because the country is one of the few
regions of the Uuited States that yields the
products of the temperate and semi-tropic
zones
Because the worker receives a fair com
pensation for his labor, an
a field for the display of his energy and en
terprise .
Uecause there are neither blizxarcl3 or
tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations,
snow-storms nor cyclones
Because the vast and varied resources of
the country are yet to be developed .
Because the wealth of its mines, its farm-
prudent for a stranger to be without one
at hand.
Air..
The atmosphere is singularly clear, tonic
and dry. 1 have never seen it clearer
,1 tfc r,10tw hoc anywhere in the world. It seems to have
about the same bracing and exhilarating.
qualities as the air of the Great Sahara in
Northern Africa, or of the deserts about
Mount Sinai, in Arabia Pdtraea. It isj
much drier than 111 the parts of Morocco,
Algiers or Tunis usually visited, and drier
than any part of the Valley of the Nile
north of the First Cataract. It seems to
n 1 1 1 mi 4.1 -n, nie about the same in quality as the air on
ing valleys, and grazing lands, will yet build! l-lc auuuu 1 J . TTr .
. i 4. the Nile between Assouan and Wady-
Haifa, but somewhat cooler.
ACTUAL 'HUMIDITY.
This is extremely slight, everywhere in
Arizona, as compared with any eastern
climate in the United States. The air is
driest on the high mesas, remote Irom
snowclad mountains or forests, and in the
desert valleys, where no considerable irri
gation has been begun. Wherever irriga
tion is carried on on a large scale, the
Because a man can make a livelihood her,
with less labor than in any other part of the
United States,
Because there is health in every breeze,
and strength'and vigor under its cloudless
3kies.
Because the Settler need not spend a life
time in felling trees and grubbing out
stumps.
Because verretalfcion is so ranid that in two
years the home is surrounded by a growth percentage 01 numiuity 111 iu '""'F,
nf trp.es and shrubs which would rermfro
five years to deveWp in a colder clime. an eastern visitor it is scarcely perceptible
Tho snnm Onvfirmncnt observations ai-
some, and health welcomes the afflicted. , o,t ,4.:v illimi,iitv. at
isecause the country lias a brilliant luture J - -
and vou want to be in the "swim." ' Phoenix or Tucson, averagea ior weeus,
Because in its pure, dry invigorating air, from lnorninand evening readings, at less
epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate. th h ,f t, a humidity on dry days
Because its people are generous liberal.
hospitable and progressive .
WHY CAPITAL SHOULD SEEK YUMA GOUNTY.
Because its mines are the richest.
Because its crazin" lands arc the best
Because its farming lands are valuable and
productive
Uecause it inves assurance 01 the largest
returns on money invested .
Because its grand resources are yet to be
Because it is a young, growing county average rainiaii in ouuincui xxijua,
with an assured future. shown bv the Government observations, is
Because tne opportunities ior ungugmg 111 , t!sy ;lu.i,p5 VL,ar.
- L
in New York. General Greely,, in a pub
lication frdm the Weather Bureau, gave
the normal weight of aqueous vapor in the
Arizona air'at from 1 to 4 grains per
cubic foot.
11AIN.
Showers, and indeed heavy rains arc
liable to occur in every month of the year;
but the actual number of rains seems to an
eastern visitor strangely small. The
ains and deserts. The man who looks for
either the beauty or the seductive excite
ment of Monte Carlo will not find it. As
little will he find the historic remains or"
the cosmopolitan attractions of Egypt; nor
could he reasonable expect the amusements
and luxuries of our own Eastern cities. Thc
people of Arizona are-still chiefly busy in
the pioneer work of subduing it to the
residence and uses of civilized man. But
it has two transcontinental line's of railway
withnumerous feeders; it has fast mails,
and rival teloorraph lines, and is throbbing
with the intense life of the splendid West.
The two nrincinal towns in the south
ern portion, chiefly sought for their climatic
advantages, are Phoenix and Tucson. Each
of them has ten thousand inhabitants or
more. They havethe electric light, tele
phones, trolley cars, plerity of hotels,
banks, bookstores, good schools, churches,
an occasional theatrical-performance, some
times a lecture or a circus, often a horse
race, and, in the spring, a thoroughly
curious and interesting "fiesta." For the
ce'st, people must take their amusements
with them. Good horses are abundant
and cheap, and there are plenty of cow
boys the genuine article to show what
horses can do. The driving lor httecn or
twenty miles in almost any direction from
Phoenix, is nearly always easy. The' roads
are apt to be dusty; but there is one well-
sprinkled drive of six or eight miles; and
since the winds are quite regular in their
direction, it is rarely difficult to choose a
route op which the dust will be largely
carried away from you. The unbroken
desert itself is often as easy to drive over
as an Eastern hishwav. and the whole
valley is a paradhe for bicyclers, or eques
trains.
CAN ONE LIVE COsLfORTABLV?
That again depends on what you expect,
You cannot have the luxuries of our IN'ew
York houses out there, unless you build
one; or the variety of our New York
markets, unless you charater a refrigerator
car. sim tnere are noteis wim uimuau io
much frontage as the Waldorf; and, like
everything otee in thc Territory excepting
the mountains and deserts, they are new.
There are boarding houses of more kinds
than one; and brick cottages of eight or
ten rooms can occasinally by rented. Bet
ter than any of them, for the man with the
energy and the pluck to take it, is to tent
on ' the dtbert; and he who knows how to
"camp out" with comfort through Septem
ber m the Adirondacks can camp out in
Arizona through thc winter.
As to food, there is plenty, and it is
good if you can get it well cooked. The
alfalfa fields of the Salt lliver Valley are
the fattening ground for thc great cattle
ranges of the Territory. From there the
markets of Los Angeles and even of Denver
are largely supplied, Good beef, mutton
aud poultry are plenty and cheap. Quail,
ducks and venison from the vicinity can
also be had. Vegetables and truits are
abundant in their season, and sometimes
the season i3 a long one. It is the one
country I have lived in where strawberries
ripen in the open air ten months in the
year. I have had them on my table, fresh
picked from the open garden at Christmas
' IS IT A LAWLESS COUNTRY?
The man who goe3 to any considerable
Arizona town with the idea of the South
west derived from novels, or from "The
Arizona Kicker," will be greatly mystified.
He will find as many churches as in towns
of corresponding size in Pennsylvania or
Ohio; and probably more schoolhouses He
will find plenty of liquor-shops, too, and
gambling houses, and dancehouscs, and yet
ho will see little disorder unless he hunts
late at night for it, and he will be apt to,
find as at Phoenix a community of ten;
thousand people requiring in the daytime
only one policeman, and hardly requiring
him. During my winter there I did not
see a single disturbance in the streets, or
half a dozcu drunken men, all 'told. Min
ing men aud an occasional :cowboy certainly
Tucson and Phoenix. The first is near thc
sea level; is the warmest and probably the
driest of thc three, has thc least population,
and thn smallest provioion for visitors.
Tucson is the oldest town In the Territory,
and, after Santa Fe, perhaps the oldest in
thc Southwest. Its adobe Louses give it a
Mexican look, and arc thoroughly comfort
able. Its newer houses are of a handsome
building stone, found in the vicinity. The
Territorial University is here, and it was
formerly the' capital. Its elevation being
more than double that of Phoenix, it is
somewhat coaler, and as thdro is next to no
irrigation near it, thc air is a little drier.
Phoenix is the centre of the greatest irriga
tion in the Territory. The country for
miles around smiles with green fields, cover
ed with almost countless herff s of cattle,
and it is everywhere shut in by low mount
ains. It is the Territorial capital, has the
Government Indian School, the Territorial
Lunatie Asylum, and other -institutions,
and is the general focus for the Territory.
Like Tucson, it has its occasional wiriU and
sand storms perhaps not quite so often.
At either place visitors who know how to
adapt themselves to circuimtances can be
entirely comfortable, and in each they will
find an intelligent, orderly, enterprising and
most hospitable community . They will
find a country full of mines, full of rich
agricultural lands, abounding in battle and
horses, in vineyards and orchards and the
beginnings of very successful orange groves
a country, in fact, as full of promise for
hardy and adventurous men now as Califor
nia was in thefifties. Above all, it has
been their lot to search for health in far
countries, they will revel in the luxury of
being in their own land, among their own
countrymen, within easy reach of their
friends by telegraph or rail, and in a climate
as good of its kind as any in the world.
mm boteMj
Blacksmith
and
Wagon Maker
1
You can
be cured
If you suffer from any of the
ills ot men, come 10 me uiucsi
specialists on the Facinc coast.
Dr. Jordan ot to. xnousanua
now live happy lives that we
t saved from the grave.
. Stricture, loss ot mannooa,
H!im nft-hc skin and kid
neys quickly cured wit, out the use of I
mercury. Treatment personally or py
letter. Send for book "The Philosophy
of Marriage," free.
DR. JOKDAN & CO.'S
GREAT MUSETOI OF ANATOMY.
Go and learn how wonderfully you are
made; hovr to avoid sickness and disease.
Thousands of new objects. Additions con
tinually. Catalogue sent tree.
1 051 Market SlrSat, San Francisco, usu.
TK1RTY-SEVCNTH YEAR.
- wnRi.rvwiDE ClRCULATiuri.
Twenty Paces; Weekly;lllnstrated.
Indispensable to Mining Men.
THESE DOLLAKS PER TEAR, POSTPAID.
SAMPLE COP8 FREE.
HffifflGAHD SCIENTIFIC PRESS,
C 020 Market St., San Francisco,
SO YEARS
EXPERIENCE.
WW
Shop on Main street.
OPPOSITE PUBLIC SCHOOL.
Horse Shoeing a Specialty.
Mr. Doten has in connection with
his shop a fine Feed Yard
fdr stock.
JcTo? Sale.
10 AN ACRE-,
THREE HALF SECTIONS OF
PATENTED LAND.
1
AS FINE AND FERTILE AS
v
PLOW EVER TURNED.
wicn rerpecuai water Jtugiit unce
the Celebrated Mohawk Canal
in Mohawk Yallej.
EaIi half section has 40 Acres
Leveled, Fenced, and Ready
For Farming.
Inquire of
0". W. DORRINGTON,
YUMA, ARIZ.
OR
GEO. W. NORTON,
MOHAWK, YUMA CO., ARIZ
nfinufacturing cntecprises are better than in
anV other reeion of the West.
Because good mining properties can 'be had
at reasonable lijrures
Because there is a demand for additional
facilities for ore reduction
ALTITUDES.
It is a striking advantag'o offered by
Arizona that, with the same general con
ditions as to temperature and dryness of
Because there are vast stretches of rich air, the physician is able to select nearly
soil to be reclaimed by the construction of anv altitude he may desire. Thus, asth-
cotitihlsft YRtlett-c! s6il. Tl valley 1
sud preseiitS ttbtivaied oaportiiilittes Tliau&Ha!. b!
irrigating canals.
Because there are large tracts of grass
lands that can be utilized by the sinking ot
artesian wells.
Because there are many openings in a new
country which cannot exist in older com
munities. Because the opportunities for engaging in
tho successful cultivation of semi-tropic
fruHs are better than in any other part of
the United States.
Because property values are rapidly ad
vancing. Because Arizona's boom is yet to come.
Because it is a virgin field, ready for the
seed which will produce a golden har-ct,.
matic sufferers can find almost the sea
level at Yuma, or an altitude of only a
thousand feet at Phoenix, or of only 2,400
at Ttscson. Others, who find no objection
to greater elevations, can choose between
IWcott or Fort Whipple, 5,400; Flag
staff, "0,800,; the Sulphur Spring Valley, or
Fort Grant, 4,200; Fort Htiachuca. 4,800,
"or Oracle, about 4,000.
IS IT A TLACE FIT T"6 LIVE IN?
This depends on what one expects in a
hugci juirsely settled Territory of mount
had quarrels, sometimes, in tho disorderly
quarters at night; and there were stories
of the use of the knife among Mexicans;
bat the visitor who went about his own
business had as little trouble as on Board
way or Chestnut street. The Pima and
Maricopa Indians, who are encountered
everywhere, have been friendly with the
whites forjgenerations, aud there isn't an
Apache within some hundreds of miles.
WHICH TOWN IS THe BEST?
Primarily that is a question for the phy
sician, if there is a physician in the case
if not, try them all. If a mountain region,
considerable altitude and a comparatively
low temperature is desired', Prescott is in
a picturesque region, near a great mining
districts, and has the social advantage of
an army post, Whipple Barracks. Flag
staff is still higher, is in a region of dense
pine forests, and is within a hard day's
journey of one of the wonders of the world,
thc Colorado Canyon. Oracle is a pretty
mountain nook, embowered in splendid
live oaks, like those of California, and is
also near an important mining district.
If lower altitude and a distinctly semi
tropical climate are desired, the three places
most likely to bo considered are Yuma,
Equitable
assurance
Society
"F THE UNITED STATES.
811? 5fi4,5g
January 1, 1895
Assets - 3? i 85,440,3 i O
Reserve Fund
(4$ Standard.) t
AND ALL OTHEfe
Liabilities . . .
Surplus, 4 per cent. .. .$37,479,803
Suqilus, 3 Standard, $27,2oS,7G5
Outstanding As
surance 8913,556,733
In the above Statement of Outstanding
Assurance, Instalment Policies issued during
1S94, and previous thereto, have been re
duced to their couimuteii value .
New Assurance Applied
for $256,552,736
Amount Declined . 59,436,748
New Assurancu written .$217.1 15,98S
RY B. HYDE, Pres
W. ALEXANDER,
Vice President.
"TX7"ANTED: Several trustworthy gentlemen
Y T orladios to travel in Arizona for estab
lished reliable house. Salary S7S0 and expanse
Steady position. Enclose reference and self ad
dressed stamped envelope. The Dominion Com
pany, Third Floor, Omaha Building, Chicago. Ill
TTT ANTED SEVERAL FAITHFUL MEN OR
W woman to travel for responsible established
houso in Arizona. Salary 7S0, payable silo weekly
and expenses. Position permanent. Kcferoi.ce
Enclose self-addressed stamped envelope. The Na
tional, Star Building, Chicago.
Wanted-An idea
Who can thlntt
of some simple
thlnir to Datent?
Protect your Ideas: they may bring you weaitn.
Writ JOHN WEDDERBURN & CO- Patent Attor
nays. Washington, D. C for,thelr 41,800 prize oner
and list ot two hundred Inventions wanted. . -
TRADE MARKS
DESIGNS,
COPYRIGHTS Sco:
Anyone sending n sketch and description mar
quickly ascertain, freo, wh .iner aa invention Is
probably patentable. Communications strictly
conildentlaL Oldest atrency for securing patents
in America. Wo havo a Washington office.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. raceiva
special notice in the
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN,
any scientific Journal, weekly, terms f3.00 a Tarj
SLoOstx months. Specimen coplns and HAJfB
Iluoic OX Patents sent free. Aaoreas
MUNN & CO.,
301 Broadway, New York.
irvpats. and Trade-Marks obtained and all Pat.1
ent business conauctea ior moderate fees.
land we can secure patent in, less tuae than loose
'rptnnfp fmm Washinp too. i
i Send moaei, drawing or pnotu wiia utstwy-'
'tlon. We advise, if patentable or not, free of'
cnarge. unr xee not one uu patent o xtmcu. ,
A PAMPHLET, .tieriv to uoiam -rascals, wiu
i cost of same in the U. S. and foreign couatri;
sent free. Address,
C.A.SNOW&CO.I
opp. Patent Office, Washington. D. C. J
ORDINANCE DUMBER 59.
Be it ordained by the Mayor and Com
mon Council of the village of Yuma, as
iollaws, to-wit:
Whereas, On the 2nd day of December,
A. D. 1892, this village corporation, passed
(Ordinance Number Sixteen (16), uidcr the
terms of which Ordinance, certain Iiots and
Blocks bordering on Orana Avenue, in
said village of Yuma, were conveyed to a
commission by said village, T.'hich said com
mission consisted of F. L. Ewing, I. Levy
and W. T. Heffernanrepresenting the said
village of Yuma, for the purposes of a .cer
tain contract, by and between said village
with Hiram V. Blaisdell;
And whereas, on the Sth day of October",
A. D. 1896, the District Court of the Third
Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona,
in and for the County of Yuma, did render
judgment, which said judgment is upon
record, in the office of the Clerk of said
Court, declaring that the actions of said
commission so established as aforesaid, arc
null and void;
And whereas; said Hiram W. Blaisdell
has expended upon the improvement of said
Orange Avenue, mentioned in said Ordi
nance, the sum of three thousand, eighfc
hundred and fifty-three dollars and sixty
two cents ($3,853.62) net above receipts;
And whereas, said Hiram W. Blaisdell
has fully complied in all respects with the
terms of said Ordinance Number sixteen
(16), in so far as his obligations thereunder
are concerned;
And whereas in carrying out the equity
of said Ordinance Number sixteen (17, tho
village of Yuma", by its Council does hereby
Ordain;
That the Mayor of this village be. in
structed to convey by good and sufficient
deed the following described village lots',
being lots embraced in said Ordinance
Number sixteen (16), to Hiram W. Blaisdell
as follows", te-wit
Lota Number one (1), eleven (11) and
twelve (12) in block number one hundred and
sixteen (116); lots numbers one.(l), Two (2)',
three (3). four (4), seven (7), eight S), nine
(9), ten (10), and eleven (11), in block num
ber one hundred and seventeen (117); Lota
number four (4), five (5), six (6y, in block
number one hundred and eighteen (118)S
Lots numbers one (1), two (2), three (3),
four (4), five (5), and six (6), in blocks num
ber one hundred ana thirty three (133)
Lots number seven (7), eights(S), nine (9)'t
ten (10), eleven (11), and twelve (12), in
block number one hundred and thirty-foar
(134); Lots numbers seven (7fc eight (8)',
nine (9), ten (TO), and eleven (11), and
twelve) 12), in block numbered one hundred
and forty-eight (148); Lots number one (1)',
two (2), threcl33, fourl4, five to), and six
C6D,in block number one hundred and forty
nine 1 149); Lots "number onetlJ, two (25,
three C3"), and four f4), in block numbered
one hundred and sixty-four ( 164?; and lota
numbered five, ( 5,0 six C6, seven C7D, and
eight (S), in block numbered one hrindrad
and siXty'-five (165), as per tlie official
Map of said Village, "White's survey-
That said deed shall b'e made and
is Ordained to be made, subject to the
terms of the agreement of this date entered
into by and between the Village of Yuma;
and said Hiram W. Blaisdell, and said,
agreement is referred to in this Ordinance'.
Approved this 30th day of December, A.
D. 1S96.
R. J. Duncax.
Mayor of thc Village of Yuma.
Attest;
J. H. CAr.r-ENTEK-, Village Recorder!

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