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The Arizona sentinel. [volume] (Arizona City [Yuma], Yuma County, A.T. [Ariz.]) 1872-1911, November 12, 1898, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021912/1898-11-12/ed-1/seq-4/

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he SosLGSi
and Vane
Brief Statement of Facts Setting Forth the Marty Advantages anil
Inducements offered by Yuma Comity as a L'lace tf Residence.
A white man first set foot on what is
sow Yuma County iu 1771. It is the
southwest division of the Territory, and
dne of the four original counties of the Ter
ritory. Many great reclamation projects are
however on foot, and in a few years ex-
fleet to mo Yasna County rated as the
richest in the Territory.
The first glimpse the traveler from Cali
fornia catches of Arizona is that of the
fiicturcsquetown of Yuma, winch is snugly
situated in the embrace of gentle rolling
Sills npon Whoso crests and sides th
niodern homes of our superior civilization
are crowding the adobe dwellings into
Vernal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to
Arizona, the new empire of the West, upon
whose undeveloped riches the eyes of the
tountry arc at present turned, and as such,
is bound to grow and prosper with a
rapidity that at present can hardly be re
alized. But coupled with her geographi
cal position we find that she is the center
f a country whose agricultural possibili
ties are practically unlimited, being sur
rounded by a soil the fertility of which
exceeds that of tho delta of the Nile, and
Wanting only water to become a paradise of
bloom . Billions of gallons of that precious
fluid have annually gone to waste at
Yuma's very doors, bnt already a reaotion
is taking place asd many enterprises are
cn foot to supply the life-giving waters of
Ihe yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth.
tn regard to climate, healthfulness, fer
tility and productiveness of soil, facilities
for cultivation, irrigation and abundance of
water supply, variety
of resources ana
cheap transportation by rail and by water,
no rart of Arizona can surpas? Yuma
,-onnty, which is destined to become one of
fichest and most prosperous
It lies between 32 00' and 34 20' north
.i5tAB and -113 t0' and 114 40 west
longitude. It contains 6.483,320 acres. It
about as large as the States of Rhode
Island, Connecticut and Delaware com
liixed, or as large as either New Hampshire,
Vermont or Massachusetts.
The western boundary of Yuma County
5s formed by the Colorado river, which
separates Arizona from California. The
county is bounded on the north by Williams
1'erk and the Santa Maria river, whoe
haters flow into the Colorado; on the cast
by the counties of Pima, Maricopa and
Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora,
Mexico. Its county seat is the town of
The Colorado river drains the entire ter
ritory of Arizona, and every drop of water
which falls on it3 mountains and plains
iJudsitaway to this mighty river. It is
formed by the union of the Green and
Grand rivers, fed by the streams which
rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt
rng.suows cause a greater depth of watei
hi th:s.rivvr m summer than m winter, thus
fnrnisbing the most water at the season
When it is most required for the purposes
f irrigation and agriculture.
it will be seen that for the entire distance
iong its western boundary, Yuma County
posses the great advantage of cheap
Water transportation.
The Giia river risc3 ia hc western part
of New Mexico and is fed by numerous
ctreams, among the most prominent of
which are the San Pedro, Agua Fria, Ilas
scyampaand Salt rivers. It flows west
through Yuma County and empties into the
Colorado at the town of Yuma.
Tnma county, traversed by these great
rivers from its northern to its southern,
and from its eastern to its western - bound
aries, possesses a far greater water supply
than any other county in the Territory,
und far more than can be found in all Cali
fornia. This water is now being diverted from its
natural channels by means of numerous
large irrigating canals, and utilized for the
purpose of reclaiming and irrigating tin
immense tracts of lands which lie in this
favored country, and which arc as fertile
a-s any in the world.
The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the
Colorado river at the town of Yuma and
runs through the county, following the
gencrol course. and at ::n average distance
Of about, four miles south, of the Gila river,
rendering all the lauds EHaceptible of irri
gation and cultivation, can find an easy
outlet in this way and can be transposed
o til the markets and centers of population
Hi the East or West.
Another competing railroad is projected
from San Dtego, California, to t c town
ei Yuma, and thence along the uorth side
of the Gila river. Thus Yuma County will
tfavc exceptional railroad advantages.
The climate of Yuma tor nine months of
the year hafi no equal, as wo believe, in the
World, and during t'e remaining three
montLs of the" year, comprising June, July
eYid August, the' heat is not oppreisive.
2vcnvthough the thermometer in mid-sum-:rier
may ai times rise above 100,- and oc
casionally e en reach 110, yet, owing to
the absence of moisture in the air, it is not
oppressive. The atmosphere is pure, light
and balmy. When the mercury marks- die
K'ighest extre-ne of heat, a person does net
feel fhat oppression or debility which is
gs 01
enry is ranging from 80 to 90. The air is
so dry that perspiration is absorbed as soon
as it reaches the surface of the body, and
at no time in the summer does the heat
produce an' discomfort.
Although the town of Yuma is the second
oldest community in the Territory of Ari
zona, it is astonishing how little ita re
sources are known to the world at large, and
how slightly developed is the natural wealth
of the county. This is owing partly to
Yuma's reputation for unbearable heat, and
-partly to the fact that, lying next to Cali
fornia, is has been assumed that the cdinty
has been thoroughly prospected for mineral
wealth, and prospectors have, in the main,
kept the traveled highways in crossing its
Territory. As a matter of fact one suffers
less from the heat here than in almost all of
the settled communities of the east, owing
to the dryness of the atmosphere, and there
is no Healthier i limace on Uod a iootstooi.
People labor out of door from the rising
to the setting of the sun, and suffer no in
convenience, mere has never been Known,
in this section of country, an authentic case
of sunstroke. Our climate, taken in time, !
never fails to cure pulmonary complaii.Vj of
any description. Disease such as smaliLCx, j
cholera, etc., rarely visit us, and then oi.ty
in a very mild farm, and are never fatt-i ex
cept through the perversity of patients.
Contrary to the belief of the uninformed,
the dry heat of the summer months i es
pecially conducive to good health and ex
ceptional vigor, acting naturally upon the
human system with the same effect as the
artificial result of a Turkish bath puree
ing and renovating it. As a further matter
of fact, thiB county has never been even
superficially suspected, and it is only now
that people are beginning to search its hills
with any degree of systematic enthusiasm
for tilt mineral wealth hidden there Ow
ing to the falling off in the price of silver,
deposits of gold only are being sought for;
and the present result is little short of mar
velous. In all sections of the county from
the Sonora line to Williams Fork discoveries
are daily being made, and the greater the
development the greater the wealth dis
played. Wherever the prospector plants
his foot, ledges of gold confront him or are
brought to light by the investigating strokes
of his pick.
Portions of the country traversed for
years by commonly traveled trails are devel
oping into rich storehouses of golden wealth.
New and rich placers are constantly heing
discovered, and shipments of placer gold
from this point through Wells Fargo &
Co.'s Express, are steadily increasing in
va'ya Vrni a mining standpoint Yuma
County is rapidly leading the Territory, and
yet as far as that industry is concerned,
this section has received but little recog
nition. Agriculturally the country is vastly im
proving. Enterprises that have lain dor
mant the last two years, owing to the gen
eral financial depression and consequent
dearth of money for investment purposes,
are waking up to new life and vigor. Money
is being attracted in this direction, and on
all sides can be distinguished that indefin
able stir which is the precursor of an indus
trial awakening. Even within these last
two years of financial stringency and de
pression there has been a steady if slow in
crease in agricultural development and
wealth. A greater area of old farms has
been put under cultivation, and new lands
have been inclosed and new fields started.
A large section of Blaisdell Heights has been
planted to fruit trees; fields of cereals and
alfalfa have been added t o tho cultivated
area on the Colorada river below town ; the
lands lying under tho Mohawk and Farmer's
canals have been made to yield heavy crops
of every variety of agricultural products, as
in other sections of the Gila valley, and the
gardens of Yuma have been added to and
beautified in fruits, flowers and shubbcry to
a more than appreciable extent. Altogether
we may feel proud of our progress during
these last months of business depression and
discouragement. It speaks well foi the in
dustry and pluck of our people, and tho
showing made constitutes the best evidence
of the merits of our soil and climate and the
richness of our mineral resources. Nature
has done everything for our county, and all
that is needed is a touch of the wand of cap
ital to have our hills and valleys spring into
an active life of remunerative industry that
will last and endure forever.
Some three years ago, through the energy
of II. W. I51ai3dcll, the Yuma Water and
Light Company was incorporated, and by
meant. f its large pumping plant, at the
foot of 2 Ju street, the town is abundantly
supplied with water at reasonable rates, ami
there have grown into existence new and
large gardens and- orchards.
There is no section of the United States,
or probably of the earth, more rich in min
eral wealth than the County of Yuma. All
the country norths east and south of Yuma
lies -Mrectly within the main gold belt that
commences in Alaska and ends in Mexico.
From the San Bernardino mountains- in
California t: the Sonora boundary line the
mountains and hills are exceptionally rich in
the precious metal, as though demonstrating
the theory often advanced that the richest
-..1.1 -i m linn-' ' 1- r;"tbr. 1,1 0f-
extinct oceans, x he great Colorado uesert
was once an inland sea, cut off centuries and
perhaps ages ago from the main ocean; leav
ing its waters to evaporate in this intense
heat. Throughout all thf country border
ing tho desert; including this section, rich
mines aro being constantly discovered, and
some of recent location are already produc
ing immense profits. In the neighborhood
of Yuma, claims exceedingly rich on the
surface are daily being located, and all signs
portend a great mining boom for this county
which will culminate as early as the coming
fall in an inroad of much capital. Experts
are arriving every week and mines are being
bonded at more than heavy prices. It
seems wonderful to believe that all this min
eral wealth has been lying at our very doors
for so many years without a taker, but the
tendency of prospectors is to go a long dis
tance off into strange lands rather than to
seek for mines in a county as old as Yuma
County and so accessible. The greater the
distance, the hardship, and the danger, the
greater the fascination for the prospector.
Distance seems, indeed, to lend enchant
ment to the view.
So it is that this county is almost a virgin
field for tho mine hunter, and now with the
few hundreds searching in its mountains its
mineral secrets are still in effect secrets, for
thousands upon thousands might be wander
ing through the rock-ribbed fastnesses of
our mountain ranges and their presence be
almost unknown, so vast is the extent of
Recent rich discoveries of gold deposits,
particularly in ledges, have given a great
impetus to mining throughout the county.
New locations are being constantly made,
and all show well upon the surface. The La
Fortuna mine, recently put in operation,
has a 2)-sjtamp mill running night and day,
and the production of gold averages $75,000
per month. This mine is situated about 30
miles southwest of the village of Yuma.
Rich gold discoveries have also been made
in Castle Dome, Harqua Hala, Centennial,
Palonias, Pot Holes, and other miidng dis
tricts, and, although the mining ci look iu
the county was never better, still ...ost oi
the silver and lead mines are idle, owing
to the low value of these metals.
In tho vallcj'3 of the Cok rado and the
Gila rivers there is room foi thousands. It
is not too much to any that nowhere within
the limits of this broad Union can be found
a more desirable region for the making of a
home. No laborious clearing of the land is
required; it lies almost ready for the plow.
Trees and shrubbery have so rapid a growth
that within eighteen months the immigrant
can surround his abode with attractions
which would require years to Kiature in less
favored climates. Fruits ripen and are
ready for market a full month before the
.California producto. The bright sunshine
makes life a luxury, and the pure dry atmos
phere brings health to all who inhale it. For
the establishment of colonies, such as are
made in southern California, Arizona pre
sents unrivaled opportunities Thousands
of acres now profitless can be made produc
tive by the construction of irrigating ditches,
and there is no investment which assures
larger or more permanent returns.
The statement in this article on Yuma
county are not exaggerated; in fact the' fall
short of doing justice in this wonderful bit
of country. Pineapples, dates, almonds and
waluuts will do well. Strawberries, rasp
berries, blackberries, cu rants, gooseberries,
and all varieties of small fruits can be suc
cessfully cultivated. Indeed, Yuma County
is not only the natural home of the citrus
and semitropical fruits, as almost every
fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass, or vegetable
which can be produced in either tropic of
temperate zones will thrive in the rich and
fertile soils.
With the bright prospects ahead of the
town of Ywrna and Yuma Count' there can
be no better investment for capital seeding
large and remunerative returns than is af
forded here. With a matchless climate,
where ah forms of disease known to the
damp and rigorous regions of the east and
nortli are unknown, where the bright sun
shine kisses into bloom and fragrance every
form of vegetation, and where "--he clear days
and cool and balmy nights are one long-continued
poem of happiness and delight, we
can offer to capitalists an ideal field for in
vestment and to home seekers a veritable
paradise in which to settle.
Its Attractions and Advantages as a
Place of Residence in Winter.
Whitelaw Reid. owner aad editor of the
New York Tribune, who has spent the last
two winters in Arizona for the benefit; of
his health, writes entertainingly and in
structively concerning that part of the
country. Mr. Keid says:
So many questions are asked about Ari
zona as a place for winter residence, and
there appears to be such a deartli of pre
cise information among many who are
vitally interested, that it seems almost a
public duty, to set down, in the simplest
form, a few facts of personal observation.
During a five months' residence in
Southern Arizona in winter there was but
one day when the weather made it actually
unpleasant for me to take exercise in the
open air at some time or other during the
day. Of course there were a good many
days which a weather observer would de
scribe as "cloudy," and some that were
"feho-.very; but during these five months
(from No' ember, 1S05, to May, 189(5.)
there were only four days when we did not
have brilliant sunshine at some time dur
ing the day. Even more than Egypt, any
where north of Luxor, Arizona is the laud
of sunshine. As to details:
I have sceu the thermometer mark 92
degrees in the shade on my north piazza in
March. On the other hand, we had frosts
which killed young orange trees, and there
were several nighty when thin ice formed.
The government rsports show a mean
temperature for fourteen years at the pres
ent territorial capital of 57 degrees in
November, 53 degrees iu December, 49 de
grees in January, 54 degrees in February,
iU degr-cs in htvh and 60 .losses jn
April. The same reports show the highest
and lowest temperatures, averaged tor
eight years, at the same place, as follows:
For November 78 degrees and 42 degrees,
December 73 degrees and 3(5 degrees,
January G5 degrees and 32 degrees, Feb
ruary 71 degrees and 35 de rees.
March SI degrees and 41 degrees and
April 86 degrees and 46 degrees. The
nights throughout the winter are apt to be
cool enough for open wood fires, and for
blaukets. Half tho time an overcoat is
not needed during the day, but it is never
prudent for a stranger to be without one
at hand,
4 AIR.
The atmosphere is singularly clear, tonic
and dry. I have never seen it clearer
anywhere in the world. It seems to have
about the same bracing and exhilarating
qualities as the air of the Great Sahara in
Northern Africa, or of the deserts about
Mount Sinai, in Arabia Petraca. It is
much drier than in the parte of Morocco,
Algiers or Tunis usually visited, and drier
than any part of the Valley oi the Hile
north of the First Cataract. It seems, to
me about the same in quality as the air on
the Nile between Assouan and W ady
Haifa, but somewhat cooler.
Arizona stands at the threshold of an
era of woudorfnl social and industrial de
velopment. There can't be a doubt about
the fact. The dawn for which she has
waited so Ions is breaking at last. There
is every promise of a day of great pros
perity and permanent upbuilding just be
fore her. The impulse of a new and ener
gizing hope is visible everywhere among
her people, while the cumulative effect of
many things, which made but snmll im
pression as they transpired singly, is now
commanding for her a full share of atten
tion and interest abroad among home-
seekers and capitalists.
A lively competition has sprung up for
the possession of things which have hereto
fore gone a-begging for ownership. There
is a scramble for franchises. Nothing more
surely indicates a great industrial awaken
ing than this. The rates of interest are
falling to moderate figures. Nothing more
surely indicates confidence and competition
among the money lend, rs than this.
Arizona has reached that climacticer
period which every western htate has ex
periem-ed sometime in its hirtory when,
after long and weary struggle and doubt,
with each side of the balance first up and
then down, the clouds of despondency
have suddenly rolled away, and a sunLurst
of energiziug hope has thrilled the droop
ing spirits of the people to greater and
braver endeavor than before.
For the last twelve years the subsidence
of the great Tombstone boom and the com
pletion of two transcontinental lines of
railroad across her territory Arizona has
rather dropped out of public attention,
but in that time she has been quietly ac
cumulating a fund of substantial wealth
and a force of moral character which
qualify he"r now to rise up and take her
destiny in her own hands.
The. population of Arizona is Mexican.
This is a mistake of great importance fro.i
the moral point of view.' There is but one
considerable center of Mexican population
in the; territory, the citv of Tucson, and
even there it is not by an' means at pres
ent the predominating element. It think
ttisceitain that Arizona has not to-day
nearly so large a Mexican population as
Colorado and not above one-tenth as mueh
as Now Mexico.- "ITitz-Mac," in Denver
Fruit production throughout Arizona - is a sub
ject o sreat interest at present, and will no
doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma County.
The remarkable results that have sprung from
very superficial and imperfect culture has de
monstrated thai the soil and climate of Yuma
County are peculiarly adapted for this branch of
agricultural enterprise Tlie development of these
resources is of the utmost importance and is at
tracting careful attention. Experiments have been
made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture
of different kinds of fruits have been collected
which cannot fail to convince, even the mostskept
ical, of t' ., wonderful superiority of Yuma County
over Southern California in fruit growing, and
w hich must lead to a large and varied production,
of the most remunerative character.
The Co missioner of Immigration in his report,
published in 836, writes as follows of the rich
vallc of the Gila. Colorado and Calt rivers.
'The soil of these valleys is anions the richest
on the continent. It is formed of the detritus
which the streams for ages have brought down
from their mountain homes in their journer to the
tea. By constai-t overflows and change of channel,
the depo-it of this rich vegetable matter has form
ed a soil of extreme fertility, Nearthj streams it
is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small
grains aud grasses. Farther back tnere is a rich
sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially
favorable for fruit culture. It has been alreadv
demonstrated that the productive capacity of these
valleys is not surpassed by lands of equal area in
any part of the United StateS. So rapid and prolific
is the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables
that the labor of the cultivator is reduced to the
minimum, in nearly all of them two crops a year
can be growth, and vegetation is one month ahead
of California. The farmers plants a cottonwood
sapling b&forehis door, and within the year ho haB
a shade tree twenty-five feet h'nrh! Alfalfa can be
cut six times during the season, and it is an actual
fact tho grape-cuttings have produced within eigh
teen mor.ths! What State or Territory can make
such a showing? The climate, it must be remem
bered, is nearly perpetual summer. Snow never
falK in these southern vallevs. The farmur begins
to plant iu Kovembcr, aud by the middle of May
uis harvest is ready. Uoses aro in bloom, fruit
trees aro blossoming, and the grair fields are a sta
of green, when the fields of the Eastern farmers
are covered with snow and ice.
Every variety o grains fc-rasses, fruits and vege
tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic
zones can be prodnced in tho valleys of Ai izona.
Wheat, corn barley, oats and all the small grains
give a yield of from tveny-five to fifty bushelt. to
the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda aud
all the cultivated grasses grow luxuriantly, the
former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre
each year, Every variety of vegetable raised in
the United States can be grown in Arizona, and
how here are they found of better quality.
"Besides the products mentioned, these semi
tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to
bacco, hemp aud rice. With the exception of the
sugar-cane, but little attenticu is paid to the culti
vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat
ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted
to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no
experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that
when tho Europeans first penetrated this region,
they found the Pima Indians wearing fabrics
made of cotton grown in the Gila valley.
"But it is their adaptability for fruit culture
that assures to those valley lands a dense popula
tion and a prosperous future. Almost every var
iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. Tho
apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quinco and nec
tarine, arc of delicious flavor, 'and give a son
orous yield. The grape of all varieties isa home
In these sunny vales. No place in the grape-growing
belt of the PacineCoast can show so prolific a
yield. The quality is all that could be desired;
and the wine, although its manufacture is vet ex
perimental, is of a fine flavor, delicious Douquei,
i'l uns irr - i bv ;in ran' o unTn -
bevcrige. Expedients with tho raisin-grape
have shown that this climato and soil Bosses
every advantage for the production and curing Of
this Btaple article of commerce.
Besides the fruits alreadv mentioned, the or
ange, lemon, linre, olive, fig. pomegranate, and
ouiers oi tue citrus family, can be grown succow-
tuuy m the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange
trees are now in bearing in the Salt River valley
and at Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul
tivated at the lattor place. The Arizona orange in
quality and flavor will compare favorably with the
uesi California.
"In,the valleys of the Colorad?. the Salt and the
Gikuivers, there is room for thousands. It is not
too much to say that nowhere within the limits of
this brad Union ean be found a more desirable
region for the making of a home. No laborious
clearing of the land ia required: it lies almost
'urwiepiow. Trees and shrubbery nave so
rapid a growth that within eighteen months the
immigrant can surround his abode with attractions
which would require jcars tomaturs in icssfuiorcd
climates. Fruits rim-n and are readv for market
a full month h fnr thp rinlifnrnia nrnduj-L The
bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure,
dry atmosphere brings health to all who inhale it.
r or me escaoiislimont of colonies, sucn aa we have
made of Southern California a arden, Arizona
presents unrivaled opportunities Thouiiunds of
acres, now profitless, can be made productive
byt .ie construction of irrigating ditches, and there
is no investment which assures larger or more
permanent returns."
The man who goe3 to any considerable
Arizona town with the idea of the South
west derived from novels, or from "Thp
Arizona Kicker." will be greatly mystified.
He will find as man? churches as in towns
of corresponding size in Pennsvlvania or
Uhio; and probably more schoolhouses' He
will rind plenty of Honor-shops, too. and
gambling houses, and dancehouses, and yet
ho will sec little disorder unless he hunts
late at night for it, and he will be apt to
find as at Phoenix a community of ten
thrusand people requiring in the daytime
o:ib one policeman, and hardly requiring
him. During my winter there I did not
see a single disturbance iu the streets, or
half a dozen drunken men, all told. Min
ing men and an occasional cowboy certainlv
had quarrels, sometimes, in the disorderly
quarters at night; and there were stories
of the use of the knife among Mexicans;
but the visitor who went abnut, bia
business had as little trouble as on Board
way or Chestnut street. The Pima and
Maricopa Indians, who are encountered
everywhere, have beea friendly with the
whites for generations, and there im't an
Apache within some hundreds oPno.
This is extren ely slight, everywhere in
Arizona, as compared with any eastern
climate in the United States. The air is
driest on the high mesas, remote from
snowclad mountains or forests, and in the
desert valleys, where no considerable irri
gation has been begun. Wherever irriga
tion is carried on on a large scale, the
percentage of humidity iu the atmosphere
must be somewhat increased, although to
an eastern visitor it i3 scarcely perceptible.
The same Government observations al
ready cited show relative humidity, at
Phoenix or Tucson, averaged for weeks,
from morning and evening readings, at less
than half the usual humidity on dry days
in New York. General Greely, in a pub
lication from the Weather Bureau, gave
the normal weight of aqueous vapor in the
Arizona air at from iyt to 4 grains per
cubic foot.
Showers, and indeed heavy rams are
liable to occur in every month of the year;
but the actual number of rains seems to an
eastern visitor strangely small. The
average rainfall in Southern Arizona, as
shown by the Government observations, is
hut 8 inches per year.
This depends on what one experts in a
huge, parsely settled Territory of mount
ains and deserts. The man who looks for
either the beauty or the seductive excite
ment of Monte Carlo will not find it. As
little will he find the historic remains or
the cosmopolitan attractions of Egypt; nor
could he reasonable expect the amusements
and luxuries of our own Eastern cities. The
people of Arizona are still chiefly busy in
the pioneer work of subduing it to the
residence ind uses of civilized man. But
it has two transcontinental lines of railway
with numerous feeders; it has fast mails,
and rival telegraph lines, and is throbbing
with the intense life of the splendid West.
The two principal towns in the south
ern portion, chiefly sought for their climatic
advantages, are Phoenix and Tucson. Each
of them lias ten thousand inhabitants or
more. They have the electric light, tele
phones, trolley cars, plenty of hotels,
banks, bookstores, good schools, churches,
an occasional theatrical performance, some
times a lecture or & circus, often a horse
race, and, in the spring, a thoroughly
curious and interesting "fiesta." For the
cest, people must take their amusements
with them. Good horses are abundant
and cheap, and there are pienty of cow
boysthe genuine article to show what
horses can do. The driving' for fifteen or
twenty mile3 in almost any diiection from
Phoenix, is nearly always easy. The roads
are apt to be dusty; but there is one well
sprinkled drive of six or eight miles; and
since the winds are quite regular iu their
direction, it is rarely difficult to choose a
route on which the dust will be largely
carried away frori you. The unbroken
desert itself is often as easy to drive over
as an Eastern highway, aud the whole
valley is a paradise for bicyclers, or eques
trians. WHICH TOWN IS THe -3E8T?
Primarily that is a question for the phy
sician, if there is a physician in the case
f not, try them all. If a mountain region,
considerable altitude and a comparatively
low temperature is desired, Prescott is in
a picturesque region, near a great raining
districts, and has the social advaKtap-. of
an army post, Whipple Barracks. . 9g
stafFis still higher, is in a region of t lse
pine forests, and is within p- hard .y's
journey of one of the wonders of the h Id,
the Colorado Canyor Oracle is a p jtty
mountain nook, Oowered iu splendid
live oaks, like Y j6o of California, and is
also near an portant mining district.
If lower altitude and a distinctly semi
tropical climate are desired, the three places
most likely to be considered are Yuma,
Tucson and Phoenix. The first is near the
sea level; is the warmest and probably the
driest of the three,-has the least population,
and the smallest provision for visitors.
Tucson- is the oldest town in the Territory,
and, after Santa Fe, perhaps the oldest in
the Southwest. It3 adobe housea give it a
Mexican look, and are thoroughly comfort
able. Its newer houses are of a handsome
building stone, found in the vicinity. The
Territorial lTniv?rity i here, and it was
formerly the capital. Its elevation being
more than double that of Phoenix, it is
somewhat cooler, and as there is next to no
irrigation near it, the air is a little drier.
Phoenix is the centre of the greatest irriga
tion in the Territory. The country for
miles around smiles with green fields, cover
ed with almost countless herds of cattle,
and it is everywhere shut in by low mount
ains. It is the Territorial capital, has the
Government Indian School, the Territorial
Lunatic Asylum, and other institutions,
and is the general focus for tho Territory.
Like Tucson, it has its occasional wind and
sand storms perhaps not quite so often.
At cither place visitors who know how to
adapt themselves to circumstances can be
entirely comfortable, and in each they will
find an intelligent, orderly, enterprising and
most hospitable community. They will
find a country full of mines, full of rich
agricultural lands, abounding in cattle and
hor-es, in vineyards and orchards and the
beginnings of very successful orange groves
a country, in fact, as full of promise for
hardy and adventurous men now as Califor
nia was in the.fifties. Above all, it has
been their lot to search for health in far
countries, they will revel in the luxury of
being in their own land, among their own
countrymen, within easy reach of their
friends by telegraph or rail, and in a climate
as good of ita kind aa any in the world.
The lands of Yuma County comprise the river
bottoms and valleys and the uplands or mesas The
bottom ands aro nioister and slightly mere fertile
if, indeed, it is possible to mike comparisons
where all are so wonderfully productive and prolific
The uplands or mesas are warmer and, perhaps,
lightly for better the cultivation of the citrus fruits
Yuma con tains a variety of soil The valley land
of the Gila and Colorado rivers have fox the most
part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray
sandy lo.im, resting, in most places, upon a gray
clay subsoil at a depth of from ten to twenty feet
below the surface, The clay bubsoil forms a hard
pan which is impervious to water. These soils bav
been slowly formed by the decomposition of shales
sandstones, marls, limestones, etc., mixed with or
ginic and vegetable matter, washed down by tht
mighty rivers and have been gradually deposited
during the course of centuries. Tho fertilizing
brownish mud held in the wat c lof the Colorado
and Gila rivers resembles that from the Nile, and
its quantity varies from 0. 1 to 0.5 per cent,
though the water when even considerably discolor
ed by mud is good t drink, resembling in this re3
pect the Missouri river water. A chemical analysis
of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile
exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent
parts of each. Thatuf the Colorado exhibiting s
trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and car
bonade of limestomn beds through which the Colo-
rado pass's. In other respacts the sediment of the
Colorado is almost Identical with that of the Nile,
It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water ia
used for irrigation it is superior to artesian waters
since it is constantly supplying the land with the
nchestfertilizimj elements. The soil of the vallee
is extremely rich in dedomposed vegetable matter
ind uncombined carbon, readily absorbing the
aerial gases, such especially, a3 oxygen, which en
tering the soil, decomposes the organic matters so
that they can be taken up and nourish the plants
wuicn may ne considered a leading featur j in it
ienmiy. it also readily takes up and retains
moisture, while the firmness of ita particles affords
every facility for percolation and the activity of
capillary action. In its mechanical composition its
particles are in a state of very fine division, which
renders it more productive than coarser soils I
acquiries beat readily in the daytime, and the los:
of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it re
mains always warm and Is not subject to sudden
changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con
stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter,
sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime,
soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash enter into
composition in the proportions best adapted to
add to ita fertility, though, of course, as is ahvajs
the case in soil analysis, ita composition varies in
different localities and is not always constant.
The sol o the uplands, or mesas, lighter and
more gravelly and in some places of a iree, loamy,
calcareous character- The mesa lands are warm and
generous. They seem especially adapted for the
grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Thir soil
contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the
bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture
admirably in summer. It is of that character which
will produce a wine that will keep good for fifty or
j a hundred years, and improve annually, not bcin;
' liable to our, or on exposure to the air, after cne
year old, to become turbid and change color in the
bottle orglas3
Because the climate is perfeot.
Because the soil is fertile and prolific.
Because land is abundant and cheap.
Because a home can be made with little
Because so great a variety of products
can be grown .
Because the yield is large and the prices
always remunerative.
Because life is a luxury in a land where
the sun shines every day.
Because there are chances for a poor mai.
wlncn he can never hope to find in older
Because the country is advancing and
property values are increasing.
Because, unlike bouthern California it
does not require a small fortune to secure a
piece of land.
Because capital does not block all the av
enues to wealth, nor crowd the poor man
to the wall.
Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms
in Yuma county waiting for occupants .
Bscause churches, schools, newspapers
and railroads are fast developing the moral
and material elements of the Territory.
Because good land is becoming scarce, and
if you don't catch on now, your last chance
will soon be gone.
Because the country is one of the few
regions of the Uuited States that yields the
products of the temperate and semi-tropic
Because the worker receives a fair com
pensation for his labor, And tho 'rustler' has
a field for the display of his energy and en
terprise. iwutuao wen; ma nuimar onzzaras or
tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations,
snow-stonns nor cyclones.
Because the vast and varied resources of
the country are yet to be developed.
Because the wealth of its mines, its fann
ing valleys, and grazing lands, will yet build
up a great and prosperous county.
Because a man can make a livelihood her.
with less labor than in any other part of the
United btates.
Because there is health in every breeze,
and strength and vigor under its cloudless
Because the settler need not spend a life
time iu felling treo3 and grabbing eut
stumps .
Because vegetation is so rapid that in two
years the home is urroundd bv a ennvth
of trees and shrubs wBieb would require'
five years to develop in a colder clime.
Because fortunes here await tho veniurb-
some, and health welcomes tlie nfilicted
Becftusc the country has a brilliant futtsre
and you want to be in the "swim."
Because in its pure, dry invigorating air
epidemic diseases cannot live er germinate.
Becaune its people are generous, liberal
hospitable and progressive;
Because its mines are the richest.
Because its grazing lands are the ltt.
Because its farming lands are valuable and
Because it gives asairar.ce of the laxfsfe
returns on money invested ,
Because its grand resources are yet to La
developed .
Because it is a young, growing ctstuitv
with an assured future .
Because the opportunities for engaainjr hi
manufacturing enterprises are better than in
any other region of the West.
Because good mining properties can he had
at reasonable figures.
Because there i3 a demand for additional
facilities for ore reduction.
Because there are vast stretches of rich
soil to be reclaimed by the construction of
irrigating canals.
Becaiise there are large tracts of grass
lands that can be utilized by the sinking et
artesian weila .
Because there are many openings in a new
country which cannot exist in older com
munities. Because the opportunities for engaging in
the successful cultivation of semi-tropi
fruit3 are better than in any other port
the United States.
Because property values are rapidly ad
vancing. Because Arizona's boom is'et to com .
That again depends on what yon expect.
You cannot ha e the luxuries of our 2ew
York house.', out there, unless you build
one; or tha variety of our New York
markets, unless you charater a refrigerator
car. But there are hotels with almost a
much frontage as the Waldorf ; and, like
everything else in the Territory excepting
the mountains and deseits, they aro new.
There are boarding houses of more kinds
than one; and bnck cottages of eight or
ten rooms can occasinally by rented. Bet
ter than any of them, for tho man with
energy and the pluck to take it, ia to
on the desert; and he who knows hovr
"camp out" with comfort through Septem
ber m the Adirondacks can camp oat in
Arizona through the winter.
As to food, there is plenty, and it h
good if you can get it well cooked. Tho
alfalfa fields of the Salt lliver Valley are
the fattening ground for the great cattle
ranges of the Territory. From there tha
markets of Los Angeles and even of Denver
are largely supplied, Good beef, mutton
and poultry are plenty and cheap. Quail,
ducks and venison from the vicinity can
also be had. Vegetables and fruits are
abundant in their season, and sometime.-
the season is a long oue. It ia the on a
country I have lived in where strawberries
ripen in the open air ten months in tha
year. I have had them on my Uiblo, fresh
picked from the open garden at Christmas
It is a striking advantage offered by
Arizona that, with the same general con
ditions as to temperature and dryness of.
air, the physician is able to select nearly
any altitude he may desire. Thu3, asth
matic sufferers can find almost the sea
level at Yuma, or an altitude of only a
chousand feet at Phoenix, or of only 2,400
at Tucson. Others, who find no objectioa
to greater elevations, can choose between
Prescott or Fort Whipple, 5.H0O; Flag
staff, 6.S00,; the Sulphur Spring Valley, or
Fort Grant, 4,200; Fort Huachuca. 4,800,
or Oracle, about 4,000.
Is especially true of Hood's Pills, for no medi
cine ever contained so great curative power m
so small space. They are a whole medicine
chest, always ready, al
ways efficient, always sat
isfactory; prevent a cold
or feyer, cure all liver Ills,
sick headache, jaundice, constipation, etc. 25c
The only Pills to take with Hood's Sarsaparilla.
Wanfed-fin Idea
Yvfco esa thlak
of some i tmpio
thiscc to Dfttat?
Protect vour Ideas: tner may Bring you weaiia.
W?Ito jSrS WEDDEKBORN & CO.. Patent Aor
neys, Washington. D. C, for their 31.S30 priM offr
end list of two hundred Inventions wanted.
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, )
Lucas County-. j 3Sm
Frank J. Cheney- makes oath that
he is the senior partner of the firm of
F. J. Cheney &, Co., doing business in
the City of Toledo, County and State
aforesaid, and that eaid firm will pay
the. sum of ONE HUNDRED DOL
LARS for each and every case of
Catarrh that cannot be cured by thfr
use of Hall's Catakrh Cure.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in niv presence, this 6th dav of Decem
ber, A. D. 18S6.
seal '
bolary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal
ly and acts directly on the blood anil
mucous surfaces of the system. Sond
for testimonial?, free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O;
Sold by druggists. 75o.
ball's Family Pills an the bisl-
Don't go to the Kloudike you don't
have to. Stop at Iaeger's aud get i
big beer; cool and refreshing.
Sicic or "Just Dca'tf
i'eei won."
Rsmpves Pimples, own Hcadacho. Oyjpctwfc in
Convenes-:. 23 rf. a box t dr.irai.uc l-r inil
bamplf? Free, etidrqw Dr. Basanlo Co, PUlix-Psr

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