Newspaper Page Text
NTH e Soil Ciimate Rivers, and fesaray and Varied offerings of ASR ARIZONA'S SANtftf COUNTY Brief Statement of Facts Setting Forth tlta Many Advantages and Inducements offered by Yuma County as a Place of Residence. A" white man first set foot oh what is aow Yuma County in 1771. It is the southwest division of the Territory, and oaoof the four original counties of the Ter ritory. Many great reclamation projects are however on foot, and in a few years export-to Mtf Yama County rated as the richest in the Territory. The first glimpse the traveler from Cali fornia catches of Arizona is that of the picturesque town of Yuma, which i3 snuglj situated in the embrace of gentlo rolling fiills, upon whewe crests auu oiu rhodern homes of our superior civilisation arc crowding the adobe dwellings into -tcrnal oblivion. Yninais the gateway o Arizona, the new empire of the West, upon who: undeveloped riches the eyes of the nauntry are at present turned, and ns such, is fecund to grow and prosper with a rapidity that at preeent can hardly be're alized. But coupled with her geographi cal position we find that she is the center of a country whose agricultural possibili ties are practically unlimited, bemg sur rounded by a soil the fertility of which exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and wanting oily water to become a paradise of bloom . Billions of gallons of that precious ?j i nnniitr rrrntK to waste at auiu hi tn"7 Yuma'a very doors, but already a reaction is tolling place and many enterprises are on foot to supply the life-giving waters of ths ytsllow Colorado to the thirsty earth. 1VERS OF YUMA COUNTY. In regard to climate, healtbfulneas, fer tility and productiveness of noil, facilities for cultivation, irrigation and abundance of water supply, variety of resources and cheap transportation by rail and by water, no part of Arisen ' can surpass Yuma county, which is destined to become one of ...? mnct rARTorous counties in Iicntau ouu x.- a Arizona. It lies between 32 00' and 34 20' north atitudoand 113 'JO' and 114 40' west longitude. It contains 6.488.320 acres. It ik about as large as the Slates of Rhode Island, Connecticut and Delaware com mxed. or as large as either New Hampshire, "?orniont or Massachusetts. The .vestern boundary of Yuma County is formed by the Colorado river, which separates Arizona from California. The couuty is bounded on the north by Williams Iter aud the Santa Maria river, whose waters Sow into the Colorado; on the east by the counties of Pima, Maricopa and Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora, M-exico. Ita couuty scat is tho town of Yuma. The Colorado river drains the entire ter ritory of Arizona, and evory drop ct water which falls on its mountains and plains finds its way to this mighty river. It is formed by the union of the Green and Grand livers, fed by the streams which rise in the Kosky Mountains, and the melt ing snows cause a greater depth of water Vthiarivor in summer than in winter, thus furnishine the most water at the seasou when it is most required for the purposes f-iriigatiou and agriculture. It' will be seen that for the entire distance .iBUg ita western boundary, Yuma County post ea the great advantage of cheap water transportation. The Gila river rises in the western part of New Mexico and is fed by numerous streams, among the most prominent of trhich axe tho San Pedro, Agua Fria, Has wiyampaand Salt rivers. It flows west through Yuma County and empties into the Colorado at the town of Yuma. Yunw county, traversed by these great xirtn from its northern to its southern, mid from it eastern to its western bound ories, possesses a far greater water supply than any ether county iu the Territory, and far ioore than can be found in all California. Thic waiter ibuow being diverted from its -,oi bv means of numerous lai"c irriratinc canals, and utilized for the nurnoee of reclaiming and irrigating the iramsnso tracts of lauas w hich lie in this favored eountry, and which are as fertile as any in the world. The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the Colorado river at tho town of Yuma and runs through the county, following the generol course, and at an average distance of about four mites south, of the Gila river, rendering H the lauds susceptible of irri gation and cultivation, cau Qud au easy outif t in this way and cau be transposed o ill the maikots und centers of population in thoKafctor West. Aunther competing railroad is projected from Sau Diego. California, to tr-e town afYnma. and thence along tho north side of tho Gila river. Thus Yuma County will .nave exceptional railroad advantages. SUE CLIMATE OF YUMA. Tbc climate of Yuma lor nine months of she vcar has no equal, as we believe, iu tho world, and during tc remaining three mouths of the year, computing June, July aud Augubt, the heat is not oppressive. 3rcn though the thermometer in mid-summer roav sa times riae above 100", and oc Msiouailyci en reach 110, yet, owing to the ubitu of moisture iu the air, it is not oopvcssivii. The atmosphere is pure, light sad balmy. Whsa the ruerenry marks the wbest el-tic-m of hwtt, a person decs not fatl itia t oppression or debility which is 9fi iz't'r.zti Sut-s "-bra 'i v- cury is ranging from SO" to 80. The air is so dry that perspiration is absorbed as aeon as it reaches the surface of the body, and at no tune in' the summer doe3 the heat produce any discomfort. TK2 VILLAGE OF YUMA. Although the town of Yuma is the second oldest community in the Territory of Ari zona, it is astonishing how little its re sources are known to the world at large, aud how slightly developed is the natural wealth of the county. This is owing partly to Yuma's reputation for unbearable heat, and partly to the fact that, lying next to Cali fornia, is has been assumed that the county has beer, thoroughly prospected for mineral wealth, and prospectors have, in tha main, kept the traveled highways in crossing it3 Territory. As a matter of fact one suffers leas from the heat here thnn in almost all of the settled communities of the cast, owing to tha dryness of the atmosphere, and there is no healthier i limate on God's footstool. People labor out of door from the rising to the setting of the ami, and suffer no in convenience. There has never been known, in this section of country, an authentic case of sunstroke. Our climate, taken in time, never fails to cure pulmonary complain1! of any description. Disease such as snialix, cholera, etc., rarely visit us, aud then o.ly in a very mild form, and arc never fatal ex cept through tho perversity of patients. Contrary to the belief of the uninformed, the dry heat of the summer months i- es pecially conducive to good health and ex ceptional vigor, acting naturally upon the human system with the same effect as the artificial result of a Turkish bath purcfy- inc and renovatiuc it. As a further matter of fact, this county has never been even superficially suspected, and it is only now that people are beginning to search its hills with any degree of systematic enthusiasm for the mineral wealth hidden there. Ow ing to the falling off in the price of silver, deposits of gold only ars being sought for; and the present result ie little short of mar velous. In all sections of the county from the Sonora line to Williams Fork discoveries are daily beiug made, and the greater the develonmeut the greater the wealth dis played. Wherever the prospector plants his foot, ledges of gold confront him or are brought to light by the investigating strokes of his pick Portions of ths country traversed for yeare by commonly traveled trails are devel oping into rich storehouses of golden wealth New and rich placers are constantly beiug j discovered, and shipments of placnr gold i from this peint through Wells Fargo & Co.'s Express, are steadily increasing in va'ua. 'Frnjn a mining standpoint Yuma County is rapidly leading the Territory, and yet as far as that industry i3 concerned, this section has receiyed but little recog nition Agriculturally the country is vastly im proving. Enterprises that have lain dor mant tho last two j'ears, owing to the gen eral financial depression aud consequent dearth of money for investment purposes, are waking up to new life and vigor. Money is being attracted in this direction, and on all sides can he distinguished that indefin able stir which is tho precursor of an indus trial awakening. Even within these last two years of financial stringency and de pression there has been a steady if slow in crease in agricultural development and wealth. A greater area of old farms has been put under cultivation, aud new lands have been inclosed and new fields started. A large section of Blaisdell Heights has been planted to fruit trees; field of cereals and alfalfa have been added t o tho cultivated area on the Colorada river below town; the lands lying under tho Mohawk and Farmer's canals have been made to ySeld heavy crops of every variety of agricultural products, as in other sections of the Gila valley, and the gardens of Yuma have been added to and beautified in fruits, flowers and shubbery to a more than appreciable extent. Altogether we may feel proud of our progress during these last months of business depression aud di3couiagement. It speaks well for the in dustry and pluck of our people, aud the showing made constitutes the beat evidonce of tha merits of our toil and climate and the richness of our mineral resources. Nature has done everything for our county, and all that is needed is a touch of the wand of cap ital to have our hills aud valleys spring into an active life of remunerative industry thai will last and endure forever. Some three years ago, through tUe energy of H. W. Blaisdell, the Yuma Water and Light Company was incorporated, and by means of itB large pumping plant, at the foot of X. ;u street, the town is abundantly supplied with water at reasonable rates, aud there have grown into existence new and large gardens and orchards, MINES. There ia no section of the United States, or probably of the earth, more rich in min eral wealth than the Couuty of Yum. All the country north, east and south of Yuma lies directly within the main gold belt that cominsDcas in Alaska and ends in Mexico. rrom tne csau tfovuaraino mountains iu extinct oceans. The great Colorado desert was once an inland sea, cut off centuries ana perhaps aaeo ago from tho main ocean, lcav- ing ite waters to evaponuu m heat. Throughout all the country border ing the desert, including this section, rich mines are being constantly discovered, and some of recent location are already produc ing immense profits. In the neighborhood of Yuma, claims exceedingly richfron the surface are daily beiug located, and ali signs portend a great mining boom for this county which will culminate as early as the coming fall in aw inroad of much capital. Experts ave arriving every week and mines are being bonded at more than ' heavy prices. It seems wondarful to believe that all this min eral wealth has been lying at our very doors for so many years without a taker, but the tcudeucy of prospectors is to go a long dis tance off into strange lauds rather than to seek for mines iu a county as old a3 Yuma County and sa accessible. The greater the distance, the hardship, and the danger, the reater the fascination for the prospector Distance seems, indeed, to lend enchant ment to the view. So it is that this county is almost a virgin field for the mine hunter, and now with the few hundreds searching m its mountains its mineral secrets are still in effect secrets, for thousands upon thousands might be wander- in w fchrnncrh the rock-ribbed fastnesses of ...0 B our mountain ranges and their presence be almost unknown, so vast is the extent of country Recant rich discoveries of gold deposits, particularly in ledges, have given a great impetus to mining throughout the county. New locations are being constantly made, and all &how well upon the surface. The La Fortuna mine, recently put in operation, has a 23-starnp mill running night and day, and the production of gold averages 75,000 per month. This mine is situated about 30 miles southwest of the village of Yuma. Rich gold discoveries haw also been made in Castle Dome, Harqua Hala, Centennial, Palomas, Pot Holes, and other mining dis tricts, and, although the mining or kok iu the county was never better, still k..03t ot the silver and lead mines are idle, owing to the low value of these metals. April. Tho tonio reports ebow the highest and lowest temperatures, averaged for cit-ht yeurs, at tho name place, as follows: For November IS1- degrees mid 42 degrees, December 73 degrees and 36 dogreeP, January 65 degrees and 32 degrees, Feb ruary 71 degrees aud 35 de rees. March 81 degrees and 41 degrees: ami April 80 degrees and 4C degrees. Tho nights throughout the winter are apt to be cool enough for open wood arcs, and for blankets. Half the time an overcoat is not needed during the day, but it is never prudent for u stranger to be without one at hand. .IBs The atmosphere is singularly clear, tonic nud rlv., T lni-c never seen it clearer E.nvulif.r In the world. It seems to have about the same bracing and exhilaratiu qualities a3 the air of the Great Sahara in nvf fiorn Afrinn.. or of the deserts about Mount Sinai, in Arabia Pctraea. It is much drier than in the parts of Morocco. Algiers or Tunis usually visited, and drier than any part of the Valley of the Siile north of the First Cataract. It seems to ni about fchn smnc in finality as the air on the Nile between Assouan and Wady Haifa, but somewhat cooler. yer.'.se. Experiments with have fhov.'n that tliis climate y advnntaspe for the production aud curing of this staple article oi cominotvs . "U?.sido5 the- fruits clready mentioned, the or ange, lemon, hnic, olive, fig. pomegranate, tnd others oftfcecMrus family, can be grown suocew- fully in tbks valloys of Southern Arizona. Orange trees are now Iu beariu in the Salt Kivor valley and at Yuraa; wlillo the bananas i3alco being cul- ivatcd at tb8 lattar place. 1 he Arizona orange in quality and flavor will compare favorably with the bestOalifornia. "In the valleys of the Colorado, the Salt and the Gnaiivei'3, tnere isroom for thonsinds. It i3 not teo much to say that uowhsre within the limits of thi broad Union can be found a more desirablo csrion ior tnc uialune of a homo. 2fo -.laborious clearing of the land is required; it lies almost reau.v:or me plow. Trees and shrubbery have so rapid a growth that within eighteen months the mmicrant can surround his abode with attiactions which would require years to maturv in less faired climates. Fruits ripen and are readv for market a full month b foro the California m-odutt. Tho bright sunshine makes life a lusurv. and the pure, dry atmosphere brings health to ail who inhale it. tfor tne cbtaDiisiimeufr of colonics, such as wc have made of Southern California a arden. Arizona presents unrivaled oppurtunities Thcu:ifind of acres, now proiitless, can be made productive by jc construction of irrigating ditches, and there is n6 investmont which assures larirer or more rmanent returns." ARIZONA. VALLEYS OF THE COLORADO AND GILA. In tho valleys of the CoU rado and the Gila rivers there is rocm foi thousands. It is not too much to &ay that nowhere within the limits of this broad Union can be found a more desirable region for the making of a home. No laborious clearing of the land in rcqaired; it lies almost ready for the plow. Trees and shrubbery have so rapid a growth that within eighteen months the iramig-ant ean surround his abode with attract:cis which would require years to mature in less favored climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market a full month before the California producto. The bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure dry atmos phere brings health to all who inhale it. For the establishment of colonies, such as are made in southern California, Arizona pre sents unrivaled opportunities. Thousands of acres now profitless can bo made produc tiveby the cou.-.tniction of irrigating ditches, aud there is no investment which assures larger or more permanent returns. The statement in this article on Yuma county are not exaggerated; in fact they fall short of doing justice in this wonderful bit of country. Pineapples, dates, almonds and waluuls will do well. Strawberries, rasp berries, blackberries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of small fruits can be suc cessfully cultivated. Indeed, Yuma County is not only the natural homo of the citrus and semitropical fruitc, as almost every fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass, or vegetable which can be produced in either tropic of temperate zones will thrive in the rich and fertile soils. With the bright prospects ahead of the town of Yuma and Yuma County there can be no better investment for capital seeidng lare and remunerative returns than is af forded here. With a matchless climate, where ah forms of disease known to the damp aud rigorous regions of the east aud north are unknown, where the bright sun shine kisses into bloom aud fragrance every form of vegetation, and where the clear days and cool and balmy nights are one long-continued poem of happiness and delight, we can offer to capitalists an ideal field for in vestment and to home seekers a veritable paradise in which to settle. Arizona stands at the threshold of n era of wonderfnl social and industrial de velopment. There can't be a doubt abon the fact. The dawn for which she has irnitrd ro lon is breakins at last. There is every promise of a day of great pros perity aud permanent upbuilding just be fore her. The impulse of a new and ener giziug hope is visible everywhere among her people, while the cumulative effect of many things, which made but small lm pression as they transpired Bingly, is now commanding for her a full share of atten Hon and interest abroad among liome- scckers and capitalists. A lively competition has Bprang up for the possession of things which have hereto fore trone a-bescinc for ownership. Thero is a scramble for franchises. Nothing mon surely indicates a great induotrial awaken ing than this. The rates of interest are falling to moderate figures. Nothing more surely indicates confidence and competition among the money lend, rs than this. Arizona has rcache.t that climacticer period which every western state has ex perienced sometime in its history when after long and weary struggle and doubt with each side of the balance first up and then down, the clouds of despondency have suddenly rolled away, and a sunburst of energising hope hats thrilled the droop ing spirits of the people to greater and braver endeavor than before. For the last twelve years the subsidence of the great Tombstone boom and the com pletion of two transcontinental lines of railroad across her territory Arizona has rathsr dropped out of public attention, but in that'time she has been quietly ac cumulating a fund of substantial wealth and a force ot mora) character which qualify her now to rise up and take her destiny iu her own hands. The population of Arizona is Mexican. This is a mistake of great importance from the moral point of view. There is but one considerable center of Mexican population in the territory, the city of Tucson, and even there it in not by any means at pres ent the predominating element. It think it is certain that Arizona has not to-day nearly so large a Mexican population as Colorado and not above rvne-tcuth as much as New Mexico.--"Fitz-Mac," iu Denver News. FRUIT CULTURE. tiie raisin-gTaiKs to acquire, bny, sell, lease, own, control, aud soil pOsW-s . rjnprnfp nnrl rlovnlrm lTifl ohnrrip minfm mining claims, veins and lodes, deposits of oil, mineral and ship3, steamship" Tliiw.r.ulrcvia (trtber tKJo r0 roads in the Territory of Arizona), wagon toads, canals, milb, factories, hoasca, capital sGticir ssd . . . . I honrifl nf rnrnnratfonV tmhUi? or BfivutV pKaMj4 mineral Hearing eartn3 r "------- . - - and ores of even description: and to buy, .., . , 7 ,. .. .. ,. . . , , . action, and to own, control, del in, ssll cr Ubpoe sell, dispose oi. rehne and reduce oils, 0f the same, or ay part thereof, and to Ur lat minerals and mineral ores ; to develop, buy, contracts for the construction and optratloa of any sell, lease, locate and acquire water and such enterprises or oaupaiions. water rights, and to do and perform all (a To buy, sell, own and opcrato, or oherwii things pertaing or incidental to the said in. mines, mining claims, mimug stocks, business and every branch thereof, and franchise. Industrial enterprUos, water works, gM the bandhnc or disnosimr of the nrodncts I worK9' clcc'ricai Tf railways and other thereof J commercial enterprises; to buy, neli; own aud Fourth. The amount of capital 8tock ?Pte Ml kind, of etota, fcr tt sal. of general authorized by this corporation i3 and shall NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Homestead Application No. 1590. Department of the Tkterior. Land Office at Tucson, Arizona, February 24, 1899. Notice is hereby given that the following- named settler has tiled notice of her inten tion to make final proof in support ef her claim, and that said proefwill b made before the Clerk of the District Court at Yuma, Arizona, on Saturday, April 8, 1899, viz: Guadalupe Gnnder. widow and heir of Felicii o Arbiro, for the ne s .v i and w K sff H Sec 15, T 7 S, R 15 W G k S R M She names the following witnesses to prove her continuous residence upon and cultivation of, said land, viz : Mel GreeH- leaf, John W. Dorrington and Abram Molino, of Yuma, Arizona, and George W. Norton, of Mohwk, Arizona. Milton R. Moore, Rgister. First publication March 4, 1S96. nicrcbandia?, ;:oods or personal property, mining be two hundred thousand dollar, ($200,- vices: to OD2rate , sml .JjrtZ Z.T 000.00), to be divided into two thousand ductioa of all kinds of ores: to carrr oathah-.i (2,01.0) shares at the par value of one bun- 3f banking in all ita branches, borrowing an4 loaa. dred dollars ($100.00) per share; the same ins money, dealing in all kinds of negotiable paper shall be non-assessable and sliail be paid promissory notes, mortyapee, stocks, bonds or othr for at the date of issuance in ca3h or 8ecriues. goui, sliver, copper, had or other klndj propertj , " ului-on or ore- " exchange or other ti- Fifth. The time of the commencement " eDCcune?8, and bankable paper; to aj- of thia corporation shall be the date of the L ' .p trate r M'Poh, of tele- filing of these articles Of incorporation for transact any TdaH k 3 Tw record in the office of the County Recorder be transacted by an-individual; fokoid,u and . of Yuma County, in the Territory of Ari- joy the same, and to alienate, sU, tte, demuJ zona, una me termination tnereoi suau oe "ispoee oi sane, or of any part thereof, al wen Twenty-uveiyearslrom and alter snnl OI ouer propjrty this corporation mr date. possess, acquire, be seliod of, or entltlea t Sixth. The affairs of this corporation hyPothocate, roortpsjre orpledge all or any pert of shall be conducted by a Board of three Di- 1 vw lu" "nation, or which Hniay it, rectors, each of whom shall be stockhold- LTlTli"' ro'Md !ssnits .rs therein; and said Director, shall be oih wri SCS S elected annually by the stockholders ot the objects and purposes hereJn stated said corporation on the first Tuesday in The directors of tbis .orparatloa shall liars 'fBU J anuary of each year. The following per- powsr and authority to purchase or aoonir r t sons have been chosen and shall be the the foregoing property or property righto, or aay Directors of said corporation for the first otIer property that in -their jBdt-ut weow for year, and shall hold their office.3 until the he. best interMt3 of the company; to aoquire aed first Tuesday in January, IOcO, and until '7 V "fT, usc la PJanent hcfor the capital their successors are elected and qualified, Uebentn. . . " Bw" bond. HJ 1 debentures, or other written aIdon, D ij.a. uess, or the money thereof, In such eunU and to scch extent m they, said Director,' iriay deUnnlne -such capital stock to he so used ia payment at lu lun par vaiue. in. NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Homestead Application No. 2432. Eepartxent of the Interior. Land office at Tuciony Arizona, February 27, 1899. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has tiled notice of his inten- tention to make final proof in support of hi claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver at Tucson, Arizona, on Tuesday, April 18, 1899, viz: Daniel B. Morris, of Palomas, Arizona, for the N. sw K sw i sw K. and N. W. M S. E. K of Sec. 15, T. 6, S. R. 12 W. G. & S. R. M. Jle names the lollowing TTitnosses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: Thomas W Underbill, Samuel H. Grumbles, Noah C. Nelson and John F, Nottbusch, all of Palo mas, Arizona. MILTON K. ilOORE, Register. First publication March 4, 1899. ARIZONA. lis Attractions and Advantages as a Place of Residence in Winter. Whitelaw Reid. owner t.jd editor of the New York Tribune, who has spent the last two winters in Ailzona for the benefit of his health, writes entertainingly and in structively concerning that part of the country. Mr. Reid says: So many questions are asked about Ari zona aB a place for winter residence, and there appears to be such a dearth of pre cise information among many who are vitally interested, that it seems almost a public duty, to set down, in the fcimplest form, a few facts of personal observation. WBATUKR. During a five months' residence in Southern Arizona in winter there was but one day when the weather made it actually unpleasant for me to take exercise in tho open air at some time or ether during the day. Of course there were a good many days which a weather observer would de scribe as "cloudy," and some that wore "showery; but during the3e five months (from No' ember, 1S95, to May, 1898,) there were only four days when we did not have brilliant sunshine at some time dur ing the day. Even more than Egypt, any where north of Luxor, Arizona ia the laud of 8iinshiue. As to details: TBMrEKATUEH. I have eeeu the thermometer mark 92 degrees in the shade on my north piazza in March. On the other hand, wc had frosts which killed young orange trees, and there were several nights when thin ice formed. The covernment reports show a mean o California to the Sonora boundary lino the temparature for fourteen years a, tne pres- mountains and lulls are exceptionally rich in ent territorial capital of 57a degrees jn the pinions mstal, as fhoush demonstrating November, 53 degrees in December, 0 ae- the thrmnr r.ite.n advanced" that the richest groeo iu January, ol degrees in February, thnorv .;., a i-,:,.;..r, ihn. V1 nf hi ucereea in. imvcu au aejjreesi in Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub ject o great interest at present, aDd will no doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma Couuty. The remarkable results that have sprung- from very superficial and imperfect culture has de monstrated that the soil and climate of Yuma County are peculiarly adapted for tbis brauch of agricultural enterp'lac. The development of these rcfources is of the utmost importance and is at tracting caref nl attention. Experiments have been made, with care, aud facts in regard to the culture of different kinds of fruits have been collected which cannot fail to convince even tbc most skept ical, of ft j onderful superiority of Yuma County over Southern California in fruit crowing, and which must lead to a large and varied production of the most remunerative character. The Co mlssloner of Immigration in his report, published iu i 886, writes as follows of the rich vulle of ths Gila. Colorado and Calt rivers 'The soil of these valleys is amontr the richest on the continent. It is formed of the detritus which the streams for ages have brought down from their mountain homes in their journer to the sea. By constant overflows and change of channel, the deposit of this rich vegetable matter has form ed a soil of extreme fertility, Kcarthj streams it is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to small grains aud grasses. Farther back tnere is a rich sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially favorable for fruit culture. It has been already demonstrated that the productive apacity of these valleys is not surpassed by lands of equal area in any part of tho United States. So rapid and prolific is the growth of tho fruits, cereals and vegetables that the labor of tho cultivator is reduced to the minimum, in nearly all of them two crops a year cau be growth, and vegetation is one month ahead of California. Tho farmers plants a cottonwool! sapling before his door, and within the vcar he has a shade tree twenty-five feet hiffh! Alfalfa can be cut six times during the season, and it is an actual fact the grape-cuttings have produced within eigh teen months! What State or Territory can mass such a showing? The climate, it must be remem bered, is nearly perpetual summer. Snow never falls in these southern valleys. The farmer begins to plaut in November, and by tht middle of tfay ''iharvost is ready. Roch aro in bloom, fruit trees aro blossoming, and the grair fields ore a sta of green, when tho fields of the Eastern farmers are covered with snow and ice. Every variety o grains grasses, fruits and vege tables grown in the temperate and sensi-tropic zone3 can bo. produced ia the valleys of At.izona. Wheat, corn barley, oats aud all the small grains give a yield of from twenty-five to fifty bushels to the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda and all the cultivated grasses grow luxuriantly, tho former giving from eight to tan tons to the acre each year, Every variety of vogetablo raisod iu the United States can be grown in Arizona, and nowhere are they found of better quality. "Besides tho products mentioned, these semi tropical valleys produco cotton, sugar-cane, to bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the sugar-cane, but little atteuticu is paid to the culti vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat ed that the soil aud climate aro specially adapted to th'ir successful growth. Cotton-growing is no experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that when tho Europeans first pan'jtnitsd this region, they found the Pima Indians wearing fabrics u-.ade oi ctttan grown iu the Gila vsllcy. "Bulitis their adaptability for fruit culture that assures to those valloy lands adensa popula tion and aprospcrous future. Alnioat every var iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The apple, pear, plum, peixh, apricot, quince and nec tarine, are of delicious flavor, and give a geu orous yield. The grape cf all varietiefa isa homo In thebe sunny vaice. No place iu the grape-grow-iug bolt of tho MS.- Coast can show- so prolific a yield. The quality is all thut oould be desired; Hudthov.itss.sJihouahits manufacture is yet ex periincntal, is of a fine flavor, dsiicious bouquat, and U!isirp.".se;i by any ncllvo product as atabla HOTICSFOR PUBLICATION. Homestead Application No. 1G87. Department of the Interior. Lund Office at Tucson, Arizona. February 27, 1899. Naticeis hereby given that the following- named settler has filed notice of his inten tion to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made be fore the Register and Receiver at Tucson, Arizona, on Tuesday, April 18, 1899, viz Thomas W. Underbill, of Palomas, Arizona, for the N. W. K Sec. 20, T. 6, S. R. 12, W, G. &S. R. M. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultiva tion of said land, viz: Daniel B. Morns, Samuel II. Grumbles, Noah C. Nelson and John F, Nottbusch, all of Palomas, Arizona. Milton R. Moore, Register, First publication March i, 1899. Tho place where thU corporation BMooses tn fcar its principal office aud placo of Imsinew, I la the village of Yuma, County of Yuan. Territory of Ari zona, with achief branch offi in the citycf to Angeles, County of Los Angeles, and State of CSUi- IIANFORD L. GORDON, ALFRED H. HEDDERLY, SIDNEY SELOVER. Seventh. The highest amount of in debtedness or liability to which this cor poration is at any time to subject itself is one hundred and thirty thousand dollars (?130,000). Eichth. The Drivate nronertv of the f.. ' J " a l Wiu oi erectors nay establish elsewhere, exempt from any and all corporate debts, Ty and the stockholders thereof shall be per- Thcamountof the capital stoek of th!... sonally exempt from ell liability for any of shall be two hundred and fifty thousand dollar the debts of this corporation. l,ocoi. divided into twenty-fire hundred (25o9) Ninth. The officers of this cornoration share3 of tho par value of one hundrt anii shall be a President, a Vice President, a 10i eaoh; the time when and the cosdieirat Secretary and a Treasurer, who shall be lh 10 " OB pnaareas r.uows: chosen annually by the Board of Directors LIw th!"of haa U M ,m n , a u i j- ' me BUOSCTlntlon therefnr luccuuguiKwau nuiueuuueiy aiu-r and the the annual election of such directors, aud wheo M Drovide, . ZZZZ l?.... Blioh f.ffln oh.ll K fX. : .uitl,w """J1" pursuMing or acquiring any ol tha sJoxtmli mere aiter ana uuiu tneir successors are property; and the said stock shall be Iu.i . duly chosen and qualified; and the persons nriry paid up, and shall be nou-assescabki thA who shall act as such officers until the first I a'tr;aiid ao personal liability shall be atUched to annual meetine are HANu ORD L. GOR- i 0 "olfler3 of said stock. DON, President; SIDNEY SELOVER, Vice President; ALFRED H. HEDDER LY, Secretary and Treasurer. Tenth. The amount of the capital stock of this corporation which has beun actually Ths amount of the par value of each share of thA capital stock of this corporation shall beoatatn dred dollar! H0O. VI. The highest amount of IndbtoduM orllftWlifrr, subscribed is one hundred and two thous- direct or continyenf, to which this corporation Is and dollars ($102,000), and by the following at anytime to bo subjected or to subject itself, to persons ana 111 tne number ol Bliares set 11,0 sum 01 one Hundred and fifty thousand, (flft,- opposite their names : UUJ ' u"". NAME. NO. OF SHARES. AMOUNT. I "1- SSSiSS&V.: $S LU"0L?b corporal, and elr Sidney Selover 340 iouo.oo PrlvatB property, gas!! ba exempt from any liability Which said stock shall be issued to said I0t tne wrPw " this corporation. subscribers either for cash or property. . "' In" witness whereof, we have hereunto fvnrf..v , " . wI?r11 w . ... . to be and shall bo conducted by the 'Xeari cA Vd. it our hands and seals this 14th day of reetQ- " " . f.. , iu, 1 1 panose, wae Mall be elected annually by the stockholders tierce, t set January, A. D. 1899. HAN FORD L. GORDON, seal ALFKJiD II. HEDDE RLY, sealJ SIDNEY SELOVER, (seal) STATE OF CALIFORNIA! County of Los Augeles J such time and in such manner m shall be pre scribed by the By-Laws of this corporation, and al of whom shall be stockholder! or subscriber to tne capital stock thereof. The following named persons who are subseribert On this 14th day ot January, in the year to.the Pitnl stock of this corporation ehaU con- one thousaud, eight hundred and ninety- sm ue tne iJoard of Director of thfa corporation nine, A . D . before me. F.J. McClary. a !he second TuMdaT fa J" wr. Notary Public in and for said County of ZZlnM-30" '' Los Angeles, State of California, residing Alohonso B smith EOTICE FOR PUBLICATION. Homestena Application No. 1758, Department of the Interior. Land Office at Tucson, Arizona, February 27, 1899. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his inten tion to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made be fore the Register and Receiver at Tucson. Arizona, on Tuesday, April 18, 1899, viz: Samuel H. Grumbles, of Pulomas. Arizona, for the S.JN. E. i and N. S. E. i Sec. 13, T. 6, S. R. 13, W. G. & S. R. M. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon and cultivation of said land, viz: Thomas W. Underhill, Daniel B. Morris, JohnF. Nott busch and Noah C. Nelson, all of Palomas, Arizona. Milton R. Moore, Register. First publication March 4, 1899- Constipation Causes fully half the sickness in the world. It retafna the digested food too long in the bovrcls and produces biliousness, torpid live, lndi- 1 1 gestion, bad ta3to, coated tongue, sick headache, in somnia, etc. Hood's Pills g results, easily and thoroughly. 25c. All druggists. Prepared by C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. The only Pills to talce wltu flood's sarsaparuia. thereiu, duly commissioned and sworn, personally appeared Hanfbrd L. Gordon, Alfred H. Hedderiy and Sidney Selover, known to me to be the persons whose names are subscribed to the within instru mcnt, and acknowledged to me that they executed the same. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set Charles V.Stansbury, John Rommel, Benjamin Kohlmcier, -'"' Edwin F. Smith. Jame3 B. Hughes and Abram L. JIcGue. If anv Director shall at any time h. . Stockholder, he shall also eease to be SUcfa director. my hand and affixed my official seal in LJ emu uouiuy, iuc uay auu year in mis cer- the remaining .rembcrsof tho Board tificate first above written. Immediately. or as soon a nnrflnM. .ttu v- (SEAL) F. J. McCLARY, filing of these Articles, in tho office of the County Notary Public in and for Los Angeles Kecorder of the ounty of Yuma, the persons here- County, State ot California. Commission expires May 29, 1901. Recorded at the request of A. H derly on January 21, 1899. W. E. MARNIN, Recorder of Yuma County, Ariz First publication Feb. 4 1899. Hed- ARTIOLES OF INCORPORATION of The Mexican Coast mbefore named as Directors to serve m til s second Tuesday In January, A. D.19O0, shalr xaett and organize a Board of Director, adopt By-Law ana prescribe in said By-Laws the method of eall- mg the meetings of the Board of Directors or eteck. holders. Not less than fire members of the Baud of Di rectors shall constitute a quorum of said Board for the transaction of business. And whenever tlx er more of rach Directors are present and eiga s con sent to a meeting- on the niiuutet, the iaae ia3l Steamship 1,0 avaJidm09tiaffwIthotnyBotkM. IX. Tho Board of Directors of this eorporattea euall ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION- OF Manhattan Mining and Oil Company. Know all men by these presents that-we, the undersigned, do hereby associate our selves together for the purpose of forming a corporation under the general laws of the Territory of Arizona, and for that purpose do hereby adopt, sign and acknowledge these Aricles of Incorporation. First. The name of this corporation is and shall be MANHATTAN MINING AND OIL COMPANY and the names of the incorporators thereof are: HANFORD L. GORDON, ALFRED H. HEDDERLY and SIDNEY SELOVER. Second. The principal place for the transaction of business of this corporation is aud shall be the city of Yuma, in the county of Yuma, in the territory of Ari zona; but said corporation shall have an office for the transaction of business in the state of California, at the city of Los An geles, in said state of California, at which latter place meetings of its stockholders, directors and officers may bo held. Third. The general nature of the busi- neis to oe transacted bv rms corporation ie Company. We, Alphonso B.Smith and Charles V. Stans- i,ave power to establish By-Laws and laaie All Duiy, desiring to incorporate ourselves under tne rulos and regulations deemed expedient for the m provisions ot tne laws er mo lemtory o: Arizona, agement of the business and affairs of thla yr and especially an act of the legislative assembly tion and the control of the officers thereof, and to tnereoi, enutieu: -An acs concerning corpora- appoint all exports, engineers, attorneys and other lions, approved Jiarcn am, itoi, lor me purpose 01 persons or employes to act as agents or raprweate engaging in the lawful enterprises, busiuess pur- tives of this company, residing cither In the United suit3 and occupations neremaiter specmeu, ao states or in other couatrlaa. and co fix their aal mako, subscribe and acknowledge according to law lea, and also to exercise any and all other power these Articles of Incorporation, and declare: needful or necessary to conduct or carrr on the business or affairs of said corporation la all IU The name assumed by tbis corporation, ana oy 1 branches. which it shall ba known is: Said Board of Directors and the stockholders THE MEXICAN COAST STEAMSHIP COMPANY, thereof, shall have rower and authoritT to k.M And the lime of the commencement of said company their meetings either at the principal ofZee and shall oe tne aay or tne nunc: 01 nese Aruciea in iu piace 0; businoss of said comnaftv. at the VH!ae of office of the County Recorder of the County of yuma , aforesaid .0 rat the chief bM, -I- ff :-.. A r I...... .n Ihn fumingfinn ... . mm... v 'i- - me wty 01 Los Angeles, Calif., or at the o her tnereoi snau ue owenty-nvo o; years utnincr. offictt3 of company, established by order of said " I Directors as hereinbefore stated, and' aJl euch me eiiierpriss, uusmcsa putauua ana ocuujisuou in which tbis company proposes to engage, are as follows: (a.) To acquire by purchase through the Issuanca meetings and all proceedings taken or had there by said Beard, or by any such stockholders' meet, ing, held without the Territory of Arixoaa, shall have the same force, validity and effect ai if held of the capital stock thereof, as fully paid up and I therein. non-assessable, to an amount to be fixed and de- in witness whoroof, we hare hereunto set oar tcrminad by its Board of Directors, from the own- hands and seals this, the I4thdav of A n crs of the same, a certain Concession aud Contract 1809. ALPHONSO B. 8MITH. made between the Citizen General John Francisco CHAS. V. 8TAXSBURY ssai Z. Muna, Secretary of State and of tho Department STATE OF CALIFORNIA )' of Communications and Public Works, represent- County or Los Asoeles, jm in? the Federal Executive ot the Republic of Mexi-1 On this, the 21th day of January, one theuMnd eo, to Alphonso B. Smith, for the establishment of I eight hundred and slnety-alnei before me, "V. J. a navigation service and steamship line on the Variol, a Notary Public in and for said County and Pacific Ocean, and especially between Port Isabe1 State above named, personally appeared AL on the Gulf of California and Sau Benito, on that of PHONSO B. SMITH and CHARLES V. 6TAM8- Tehauutepee in the Republic of Mexico, and cbe-j BURY, personally known to me to be tho penoai where on the Pacific coast, and which said Con- I described in, and who executed the 'forejoihj I cossion Is in writing and duly executed, and dated strument, and acknowledged to mo that they exe- the2Istday of November, A. D., 1S33, and a copy cuted the same for the use and purposes therela whereof duly certified, was filed in the public mentioned. archives of the City of Mexico on the 22nd day of In witness whorcof, I have hereunto st ny h&4 XoYember, A. D., 1SD3, aud to acquire all rights arid affixed my official seal thb Slth day of Janor, and privileges under such Concession and contract, 1830. and to assume and agree to psrform. and there- notarial bsal W. J. YAEIEL upon and thereafter to do, carrv out, execute and I Notary Tubilo in and for the County ot Lt perform all the terms, conditiens, obligations and I Angeles, State of California. duties by such Concession and Contract imposed My commission as Notary rubllc expire 1Tt upon the said grantee thereunder, the said Al. I 22, IPOO. : W. J. Vakixx, XotirvTuMc phonso B. Smith. Affixed to original copy is a feu cat rarenn (b.) To acQuire by purchase, or in any other law f stamp-duly cartoelled.1 fill manner, and to possess, enjey, operate aad use" Recorded at tho request of R. Jf. F. Vnriel an grants, franchises and concessions frost any terri- January 28, 1533. f. r. Ma'KTINY toryor aUto of the United Stittea.or from any Recorder of Yuma Count r. Ar.'rvu.. othar stila or country of the-world Isnda. tm-1 Kin-t uublloaUftn v-n.-1 it.