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The Sosi9 Climate, Rivers, and ilany
and Varied Offerings of FAIR ARIZONA'S Brief Statement of Facts Setting' Forth the Many Advantages sinrt Inducements oifercd by Yirma Comity as a Place of Kesidencc. -A white man first set foot ort what is sow Yuma -County in 1771. It is the -With"C8t division erf the Territory, and "Caeof the four original conn'tie of tJe Tot ritory. Manj'grenS rechunatioii projects tr however on foot, snd in a. few years ex pect to Yjir.a Cour.ty rated as tin richest in the Territory. The tiret slimpse the traveler from Cali fornia catches of Arizona is that of the picturesque tovn of Yuma, which is snugK situated hi the embrace of gentle tollinu hills, upon whose crests aiui sides tin modern homes of our superior civilization are crowding the adohe. dwellings into 'teruulohliviou. Yiuuais the cntew&y o .irizona, the new empire of he "West, upon whose mule- eloped riches the eyes of the ttmntry arc at present turned, and as .such, , is bcKnd to glow and prosper with a rapidity that at present can hardly he re alized. Bat coupled with her geographi cal position wc find that she is the center of a couutiy whose agricultural possibili ties are practically unlimited, heing sur rounded by a oil the fertility of which exceeds that of the delta of the Kile, and wanting oaly water to become a paradise of bloom. Billions of Halloas- of that precious fluid have annually gone to waste at r tuna's very doors, but already a reaction & taking place a.d many enterprises are on font kj supply the life-giving waters of the yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth. RIVERS OF YUMA COUNTY. In regard to climate,- hcalthfulncss, fer tility ami productiveness of soil, facilities lor cultivation, irrigation and abundance of water supply, variety of resources and cheap transportation by rail and by water, tin part of Arizon can surpass Yuma county, which is destined to become one of richest and most prosperous comities in Arizona. It lies between 32 CO' and 34 20' north atitudoand 113 "JO' and 114 40' west fimgitude. It contains 6.4SS,3'20 acres. It i about as largo as the Slates of Rhode Island. Connecticut and Delaware eom Sircd, or as large as either New Hampshire, Vermont or Massachusetts. The .vestorn boundary of Yuma County Vi formed by the Colorado river, which separates Arizona from California. The county its founded on the north by Williams ?erk and the Santa Maria river, who-c waters flow into the Colorado; on the east hy the counties of Pima, Maricopa and Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora, Mexico. Its county eeat id the town of Yuma. The Colorado river drains the entire ter ritory o! Arizona, and every drop of water which falls on its mountains and plains, rinds its way to this-mighty river. It is formed by the union of the Green and Grand rivers, fed by the streams which rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt ing snows cause a greater depth of w atei in this rhor in summer than in winter, thus fUnikhing the most water at the season when it is most required for the purposes f irrigation and agriculture. it will be seen that for the entire distance ong its western boundary, Yuma County posi es the great advantage of cheap water transportation. The Gila river rises in western part of New Mexico and is fed by numerous streams, among the most prominent of -hieh arc the San Pedro, Apia Fria, llas snyampaand Salt rivers. It flows west through. Yuma County and empties into the fioiorado at the town of Yuma. Yuma county, traversed by thefre. great rivers from itJrtilEPn"t& "its southern. hffom it eastern to its western bound- snee, possesses a xar gn-iiu:i o..rrv thauany other county in the Territory, and far more than can be found in all Cali fornia. This water ra now being diverted from it natural clia'inels by' means of numerous large irrigating canals, and utilized for the aurnose of reclaiming and irrigating thr jmtrte tract ot lands wiiien item tnisiwu may icei pronu 01 our progress during fa?ofM"i country, nu wtnen aie as ionuc ; aauy in the world; r The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the Colorado river nt the town of Yuma and ms through the comtfcy, following the SOnerol course, -and at an average distance of about fot.v utiles south, of the Gila ricr, nmdering all the lands susceptible of irri iatio:i aud cultivation, can Slid an easy outlftt in tiiw way and can be transposed l1 the markets aud cnters of population i?t lb East or West. Another competing railroad is projected from San Di?go, California, to tic town rA Yrnia, and thenoe along the north side of Iha Gila river. Thus Yuma County v. ill ahve exceptional railroad advaulages. THE CLIMATE 01? YUMA. Yhcclimutc- of Yuma tor :i:ur tnonthe of ijWe voir has no equal, as M'e belie e. in the vtfrid, and during t,c remaining three -nr.ntJif of the year, comprising June, July ru1 Aflt, tho heat is not oppressive. jjiveu though th thermometer in mid-sum-1 r.tci' may ttaiwnw anove 100 ,- nni oc tuttoraUy o en reach 110". jet, oving to Ike dbMJnet; of moisture in the air, it i not vrweirive. T&ealinosph&re is pure, light tt4 When the mtroory lmric "..he .;uo"K? l heat, a peracn dot s not 'fre! tl-at ojjwfw or debility which is ft at tl. La-' rn Pta.- h-rv he re BANNER COUNTY. 'jury ?s ranging from S0 to 00. The air is dr that perspiration is absorbed as soon it fetches the surface of the body, and i' no time in the mi turner does the heat roduceany discomfort. THE VILLAGE OF YUMA. Although the town of Yuma ts the s-ccond oldest community in the Territory of Ari zona, it is astonishing how little it? re sources are known to the world at large, and howsli'htly developed is the natural wealth of the county. This is owing pattly to Yuma's reputation for unbearable heat, and partly to the fact that, lying next to Cali fornia, is has been assumed that tli3 county has been thoroughly prospected for mineral wealth, and proMMjctors have, in the main, kept the traveled highways in crossing its Territory. As a matter of fact one buffers less from the heat here than in almost all of the settled communities of the east, owing to the dryness of the atmosphere, and there is no healthier c liniace on God's footstool. People labor out of door from the rising to the setting of the sun, and suffer no in convenience. There has never been known, in this section of country, an autnentio case of sunstroke. Our climate, taken ir. time, never fails to cure pnlmonaiy. complaw. of any description. Disease such as smahjCx, cholera, etc , rarely visit us, and then ot.ly in a very mild form, and are never fati.i ex cept through the perversity of patients. Contrary to the belief of the uninformed, the dry heat of the summer months i es pecially conducive to good health and ex ceptional vigor, acting naturally upon the human system with the fame effect as the artificial result of a Turkish bath purefy ing and renovating it. As a further matter of fact, this county has never been even sujerficially suspected, and it is onlj now that people arc beginning to M:arch its hills with any degree of systematic enthusiasm for tilt mineral wealth hidden there. Ow ing to the falling off in the price of silver, deposits of gold only are being sought for; and the present result is little short of mar velous. In all sections of the county front the Sonora line to Williams Fork discoveries are daily being made, and the greater the! . . .. .... develomnenfc the greater the wealth dis- j of his pick Pcitions of the country traversed for years by commonly traveled trails are devel oping into rich storehouses of golden wealth. New and rich placers are coifat'intly I mi Kg discovered, and shipment? of placer gold from this point through Wells Fargo k Co.'s Expresa, are steadily increasing in V;.tiv? "PVm a mining standpoint Yuma County is rapidly leading the Territory, and 3"et as far .s that industry is concerned, this section has received bat little recog nition. Agriculturally the country is vastly im proving. Enterprises that have lain dor mant the la-.t two years, owing to the gen eral financial depression ami consequent dearth of 11101103- investment purposes, are waking up to new life aud vigor. Money is being attracted in this direction, and on all sides can be distinguished that' indefin able stir which is the pieeursor of an indus trial awakening. Even within these last two years of financial stringency and de pression there has been a steady if slow in crease, in agricultural development and wealth. A greater area of old 'anna has been put under cultivation, and new lands have been inclosed and new fields started. A large section of Blaisdcll Heights has been planted to fruit trees; field of cereals and alfalfa have been added to tho cultivated area on the Colorado river below town: the lands lying under the. Mohawk and Farmer's canals have been made to jeld heavy crops of every variety of agricultural products, as in other sections of the Giia valley, and the gardens of Yuma have been added to and beautified in fruits, flowers and shubbery to a more than appreciable extent. Altogether la&i, mounts 01 ousmess ueprcssion and I discouragement. It speaks w ell fos the in- dustry and pluck ot our people, and the showing made constitutes the best evider.ee of the merits of our soil and climate and the richness of our mineral resources. .Nature has done everything for our county, and all that is needed is a touch of the wand of cap- ital to have our hills and valleys spring into an active life of remunerative industry that will last and endure f 01 ever. Some three years ago, through tho energy of II. W. Ulaiadell, the Yuma Water and Light Company was inewporated, and by mcaiih f its large pumping plant, at the foot of ;u street, the town is abundantly supplied v.iih water at reason ible rates, and there have grown into existence now and large gardens aud orchards. MIXES. There is no section of the United States, or probably of the earth, more rich in min. eral wealth than the County of Yuma. All the country north, east and south of Yuma lies ilirectly within the main gold belt that commenced in Alaska and ends in Mexico. From the San P-rnardino mounfaint, in California to the Sonora boundary line the mountains and hill are uxceptiouiilly neb in I he precious metal, as tiioucrh demonstrating thu theory often advanced that tho richest C'M niiti-." ore Icnud bordering the hede of played. herever the prospector plants . . , , , , . I J ne statement in tins article on 1 bis foot, ledges of gold confront him or arc ' , . . i i- w i , county are not exaggerated; in fact thc brought to liL'ht hv the investiirinir Kr.rnl.-oa ..... "-3 J extinct oceans. The great Colorado ucsort was onee an inland sea, cut off centuries and perhaps ages ago from the main ocean, leav ing its v.'atcta to evaporate in this intense teat. Throughout all thr country' border ng the desert, including this acction, rich mines arc being constantly discovered, and -lome of recent location are already produc ing immense profits. In the neighboiltood )f Yuma, claims exceedingly rich on the airfaee aie daily being located, and all signs mrtend a great mining boom for this county vhich will culminate as early as the coming fall in an inroad of much capital. Experts are arriving every week and mines are being bonded at more than heavy prices. It eems wonderful to believe that all this min ;ial wealth hasbacn lying at our very doors for so many vcars without a taker, but the tendency of prospectors is to go a long dis tance off into strange lands rather than to eek fur mines in a county as old as Yuma Counlv and sa accessible. The greater the distance, the hardship, and the danger," the greater the fascination for the prospector. Distance seems, indeed, to lend enchant- j meat to the view. So it is" that this county is almost a virgin field for the mine hunter, and now with the ow hundreds searching in its mountains its mineral secrets are still in effect secrets, for thousands upon thousands might he wander ing through the rock-ribbed fastnesses of our mountain ranges and their presence be almost unknowu, so vast is the extent of country Recent rich discoveries of gold deposits, particularly in ledges, have given a great impetus to mining throughout the county. New locations are being constantly made, and all show w ell upon the surface. The La Foctuua mine, leceutly put in operation, has a 2)-s!amp mill runnmg night and da , and tho production of gold averages $7o,000 per month. This mine is situated about 30 miles southwest of the village of Yuma. Rich gold discoveries liavi also been made in Castle Dome, Ilarrjua Ifala, Centennial, Palomas, Pot Holes, and other mining dis tricts, and, although tho mining c: look in ! the county was never better, still ...ot ot the silver and lead mines are idle, owing to the low value of these metals. VALLEYS OF THE COLORADO AND GILA. In tho valle-s of the Col. ratio and the Gila rivers there is room foi thousands. It is not too much to say that nowhere within the limits of this broad Union can be found a moie desirable region for the making of a hom. No laborious clearing of the land is repaired; it lies almost ready for the plow. Trees and shrubbery have so rapid a gtowth that within eighteen months the immig-ant can surround his abode with attracts "is which wouh1 require years to mature in les3 favored climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market a full month before the California ptoducte. The bright sunshine makes life a luxury, aud the pure dry atmos phere brings health to all who inhale it. For the establishment of colonies, such as are made in southern California, Arizona pre sents unrivaled opportunities. Thousands of acres now profitless can be made produc tive w fl. ..nn.triipt.inn r.f ii-vin'.f ! .. .Kl.-lii , , " . . , and there is no investment which assures larger or more permanent returns. mii,i - fall justice in this wonderful hit of country Pineapples, dates, almonds and walnut will do well. Strawberries, rasp berries, blackberries, cu rants, gooseberries, and all varieties of small fruits can be suc cessfully cultivated. Indeed, Yuma County ir; not only tho natural home of the citrus and scmitropical fruits, as almost every fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass, or vegetable which ca:: be produced in cither tropic of temperate zones will thrive in the rich and fertile soil?. With the bright prospects ahead of the town of Yuma and Yuma County there can be no better investment for capital seciring large and remunerative returns than is af forded here. With a matchless climate, where ah forms of disease known to the damp and rigorous regions of the east and north are unknown, where the bright sun- shine kisses into bloom ana fragrance every r t . - 1 1 , form of vegetation, and where the clear days ra J and cool and bauny nights are one long-con- tinned poem of happiness and delight, we can oiFcr to capitalists an ideal field for in-I vestment and to home seekers a veritable paradise in v.hieli.to settle. --" Aitizcm. Us AltJ'iietlons and Advantages as a Place cf Itfsitlence in Viiuer. Whitclaw Rcid. owner hid editor of the New York Tribune, who has spent the last two winters in Arizona for the benefit; of bis health, writes entertainingly and in structively concerning that part of the country. Mr. Iietd Kays: So many questions are asked about Ari zona as a place for w inter residence, and there appears to be such a dearth of pre-ei-e information among many who are vit diy interested, that it seems almost a public duty, to set down, in the simplest form, a few facts of personal observation. WKATHKIl. During a five months'' residence in .Southern Arizona in winter there was but one day when the weather made it actually unpleasant for me to take exercise in the open air at some time or other during the day. Of course there tvet e a good many days which a weather observer would de scribe as "cloudy," and some that were "ohovery; but during these five months (from Ko' ember. 1893, to May, lS9o,) there were only four days when we did not have brilliant sunshine at some time dur ing the day. Even more than Egypt, any where north of Luxor, Arizona is the laud of tiunshine. As to details: TEllPKRATDKE. I have seen the thermometer mark 92 j degrees iu tho shade on my north piazza in March. On the other hand, w e had frosts which killed-young orange trees, and there were several nights when thin ice formed. The government rrpovts show a meau temperature for foin'teon years ui tho pres ent territorial capital of olh degree in November, 5I dngrans in December, 19 de grtjCM in January, o4 degrees in February, il degrees 111 March ami GO degree1, iu April. The same reports show tho highest and lowest temperatures, averaged for eight years, at the samo place, as follows: For November 78 degrees aud 42 degrees, December 73 degrees and 36 degrees, January Go degrees and 32 degrees, Feb ruary 71 degrees and 35 de roes. March 81 degrees aud 41 degrees and April S6 degrees and 4(5 degrees. The nights throughout the winter are apt to be cool enough for open wood fires, and for blankets. Half the time an overcoat is not needed during the day, but it is never prudent for a stranger to be without one at hand. AIR. The atmosphere is singularly clear, tonic and dry. I have never seen it clearer anyw here in the world. It seems to have about the same bracing, and exhilarating qualities as the air of the Great Sahara in Northern Africa, or of the deserts about Mount Sinai, in Arabia Petraca. It is much drier than in the parts of Morocco, Algiei s or Tunis usually visited, and drier than any part of the Valley of the .Nile north of the First Cataract. It seems to me about the same in quality as the air on the Nile between Assouan and Wady Halfa, but somewhat cooler. ARIZONA. Arizona stands at the threshold of ;n era of wonderful social and industrial de velopment. There ean't be a doubt about the fact. The dawn for which she has w aited so long is breaking at last. There is every promise of a day of great pros perity and permanent upbuilding just be fore her. The impulse of a new and ener gizing hope is visible everywhere among her people, while the cumulative effect of many things, which made but small im pression as they transpired siugly, is now commanding for her a full share of atten tion and interest abroad among home- seekers and capitalists. A lively competition has sprung up for the possession of things which have hereto fore gone a-begging for ownership. There is a scramble for franchises. Nothing more surely indicates a great industrial awaken ing than this. The rates of interest are falling to moderate figures. Nothing more surely indicates confidence aud competition among the money lend rs than this. Arizona has reaelte.l that climaeticer j period which every western state has ex- 1 perieticed sometime in its history when, after long and weary struggle and doubt, with each side of the balance first up and then down, the clouds of despondency have suddenly rolled away, and a snnliurst of energizing hope has thrilled the droop ing spirits of the people to greater and braver endeavor than before. For the last twelve years the subsidence of the gi eat I ontbstone boom and the com pletion of two transcontinental lines of tathoad across her territorr Arizona has ratii?r dropped out of public attention, but in that time she bus been quietly ac cumulating a fund of substantial wealth and a force of moral character which qualify her now to rise up and take her destiny in her own hands. The population of Arizona is Mexican. This is a mistake of great importance froi.i the moral point of view. There is but one considerable ceuter of Mexican population in the territory, the city of Tucson, and even there it is not by any means at pres ent the predominating element. It think itiscettaiu that -.rizoiia hap not to-day nearly so large a Mexican population as Colorado and not 'above ane-tenth as much as .Yew Mexico.- "Fitz-Mao," in Denver News. FRUIT CULTURE. Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub ject o trrcat "tutcrcbt at present, and v. Ill no doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma County. The remarkable results that have sprung from very superficial and icqicrfett culture lias de monstrated tlm the soil and climate ofi'unta County are peculiarly adapted for this branch of agricultural entcrp-isi.. The development of tltase resources is of the utmost importance and is at tracting careful attention. Experiments have been made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture of dilfcrcnt kinds of fruits have been collected which cannot fail to convince, even the most skept ical, off-j otidcrful superiority of Yuma County over Southern California in fruit growing, and which must lead to a large and varied production, of the most roinuncrative character. The o niiasioncr of Immigration in his report, published in S38, writes as follows of the vieh j vallc cf the Gila. Colorado and Calt rivers Tbe boil of thesis valleys is amouc the richest 011 the Mt5lient- 59 foriu'1 of the detritus : whicli tho streams for ages have brought down t .; . . .V I from their mountain homes in their journcr to the sca. Ry constant overflows and change of channel, the deposit of this rich vegetable matter has form- ed a soil of extreme fertility, Kcactlu htrer.ms ft i--rvi attic " a, j.pll adapted to small grains and grasses. Farther back tnere is a rich sandy loam, mellow aud porous, and especially favorable for fruit culture. It has been already demonstrated that the productive apacity of these valleys is not surpassed by lands of equal area in any part of tho United State3. So rapid and prolific is the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables that the labor jf tho cultivator is reduced to the minimum, lu nearly all of them two uropa a year cm be grow th, and vegetation is one month ahead of California. The fanners plants a cotton wood sapling before his door, and within the year hu has a shade tree twenty-five feet hUh! Alfalfa can be out six times during the ssison, and it is an actual f.v.-t the grape-cutt'.ugs have produced within eigh tetn moiitus! W hat State or Territory can make such a -bowing? The climate, it must be remeni bcrcd, is nearly perpetual summer- Snow never fall in these southern valleve. The farmer begins to plant in November, and by the middle of Oay ''s harvest is ready. Roses are in bloom, fruit tvcs ire blossoming, and the grair fields arc a sta of green, when tho ileitis of thu Eastern farmers, arc covered with snow and ice. Every variety o grains grasses, fruits and vege table.? grown in tnc temperate and semi-tropic zones can bt produced in the valleys of Ai i 7.011 a. Wheat, corn barley, oats and all the small grains give a yield of from twony-five to fifty bushels to the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Dcrmuda and all the cultivated graces grow luxuriantly, the former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre each year, Every variety of vegetable raised in the United State? can be grown in Arizona, aud nou here are thoy found of better quality. "Posides the products mentioned, these smui tropical valieya produce cotton, bugar-cane, to bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of tho sugar-cane, but little attention is paid to the culti vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat ed th.it the foil and climate are specially adapted to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that when the Europeans fir.3t penetrated this region, they found the Pima Indian; weaving fabric made of c-tton grown in the Gila valley. "IjuI it is their adaptability for fruit, culture that assures to these valley lamU a denso popula tion and a prosperous future. Almost, every var iety known fan be rait-od in their fruitful soils. The apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quince and nec tarine, are of delicious iiavor, and give u gen erous yield. The grape ot all varietich homo in thOMi sunny vales. No place in tho grapo-grow-ing belt of tho PaeitU- Coast can show so prolific a yield. The quality is ail that could be desired; and thrwinr, alUiuucbiU manufacture is yet ex perimental, is of-a fine flavor, del icions bouquet, atid uiu trpaiol by .;nj :.ativ-j nijdut w a tut-In beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape have shown that this climate" and soil possess every advantage for the production and curing of this staple article of commerce. "IlP3idcs the fruits already mentioned, the or ange, lemon, linre, olivo, fig, pomegranate, and others of the citrus family,' can be grown success fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange trees are now in bearing in the Salt Tdver valley and. at Yuma; while tho bananas is also being cul tivated at the latter place. The Arizona orange in quality and flavor will compare favorably with the best California. "In the valleys of the Colorado, the Salt aud tho Gilativer3, there h room for thousands. It is not teo much to say that nowhere within the limits of this broad Union can be found a more desirable region for the making of a home. No laborious clearing of the land is required: It lies almost ready for the plow. Trees and shrubbery nave so rapid a growth that within eighteen months the immiurant can surround bis abode with atttactions wnich would require.vearstotuatur. in lessf-.vred elimates. Fruit ripen and are ready for market a full month b fore the r!aliforni.i product. The bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure, dry atmosphere brings health to ail who inhale it. For the establishment of colonics, sucb as wc have mane 01 aoiunern (. alifornta a anion, Arizona nrcscwK unnmied opportunities Tlioujunils of acres, now profitless, can be made productive by .10 construction of irriratinrditchcf?. ami two is no investment which assures larger or more LANDS AND SOILS. itic lanus ot niina tounty comprise the river bottoms and valleys and the uplands or mesas The bottom ands are moister and slightly mere fertile if, indeed, it is possible tom ke comparisons where all are so wonderfully productive and prolific riie uplands or mesas arc warmer and, perhaps, lightly for better the culth-ation of the citrus fruits Vnma enntainsa variety of soil The valley land of thc Gila and Colorado rivers have foi the most part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray san-iy lo .m, resting, in most places, upon a gray clay subsoil nt a depth of from ten to twenty fci-t below the surface, The clay subsoil forms a hard pan which is impervious to water. These soils haw been slowly formed by the decomposition of shales sandstones, marls, limestones, it-, mixed with or gmic and vegetable matter, Wished down by the mighty rivers and have been gradually, deposited during the course of centuries. Tho fertilizin brownish mud held in the wat 1 lof the Colorado and Gila rivers resembles that from the Xilc, and its quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent.. though the water when oven considerablv discolor ed by mud is good t drink, resembling in this res pect the .Uts.-.o;irt river water. A chemical analysis of the sediments of the Colorado and of tho Nile exhibits a wonderful .imilarity in the constituent parts of each. That -ji the Colorado exhibiting a triile less potassa, most phosphoric acid and car bonadc of limestoni.! beds through which the Colo rauo pass' 8. In other rcspacts tht sjdi ju.it of the Colorado is almost identical with that of tho Nile. It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water ia used for irrigation it is superior to artesian waters since it is constantly supplying tho land with the richest fertilizing elements. The soil of the valley is extremely rich- in dedomposed vegetable matter 1ml uncoinbiiied carbon, readily absorbing the aerial gases, such especially, as oxygen, which en teriug tho soil, decomposes the organic matters so that they ran be taken up aud iiourih tho plant which may be considered a leading fcatur; in it fertility. It also readily takes up and retains moisture, while the firmness of it3 particles affords every facility for percolation and the activity of capillary aetion. In i ts mechanical composition its particles are in a state of very fine division, which renders it more productivo than coarser soils I acquiries heat readi'y in the daytime, and the Ios-i of ths heat at night is very gradual, so that it re mains always warm and Is not subject to sudden changes of heat and cold. Beside its esstntial con stituents of water, organic or vegetable matter, sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime, ioda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash enter into composition in the proportions best adapted to add to its fertility, though, of course, as is nlway the ease in soil analysis, its composition varies i; different localities and is not always constant. me sol o the uplands, or mesas, lighter and more gravelly and in some places of a .ree, loamy, calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and generous. They scorn especially adapted for the grape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Ttifirsoil contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the bottom lands. It tiever cracks aud retains moisture admirably iu summer. It is of that character which will produce a wine that will keep good for fifty or a hundred yo.-.rs, and improe annually, not being liable to sour, or on exposure to the air, after one year old, to become turbid and change eoior iu the bottle or glass WHY IJIMIGilAXTS SHOULD COME TO YUMA COUNTY. Because the climate is perfect. Because the soil ia fertile and prolific. Because land is abundant and cheap. Because a home can be made with little Labor. Because so great a variety of products can be grown. Because the yield is large and the prices always remunerative . Because life is a luxury in a land where the sun shines every day. Because tlnre arc chances for a poor man which he can never hope to find in .older countries. Because the country is . advancing and property values-are increasing. Cecanse, unlike Southern California it does not require a small fortune to secure a piece of land. Because capital decs not-block all the av enues to wealth, nor crowd the poor man to the wall. Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms in Yuma county waiting for occupants . because churches, schools, newspapers and railroads are fast developing the moral and material elements of the Territory. Because good land is becoming scarce, and if you don't catch on now, your last chance will soon be gone. Because the country is one of the few regions of the United States that yields the products of the temperate and semi-tropic zones. Because the worker receives a fair com pensation for his labor, and the 'rustler' has a field for the display of his energy and en terprise . Because there arc neither blizzards or tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations. snow-storms nor cyclones. Because the vast and varied resources of the country are yet to be developed . Because the wealth of its mines, its farm ing valleys, aud grazing lands, will yet bnii up a great aud prosperous county. Because a man can make a livelihood .ier. with less labor than in any other part of the United States. Because there is health in everv breeze, and strength and vigor under its cloudless kies. Because tho settler need not spend a life time in felling tree3 aud grabbing out stump3. Because Vegetation is so rapid that in two years the homo ia surrounded by a growth of trees and shrubs which would require live years to develop in a colder clime. Because fortunes here await the venture some, and health welcomes the afflicted. Because the country has a brilliant future and you want to be in the "swim." Because in its pure, dry invigorating air, epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate. Bpcause its people are gonWuu, libm-rd. hospitable ;u;d progressive , WUY CAl'ITaL SriOOLU SEEK YUMA COUNTY. Because it3 mines are the richest. - Because its grazing lauds are the best. Because its farming lands arc valuable and productive. Because it gives assurance of the largest returns on money invested. Because its grand resources are yet to he developed. x Because it is a young, growing ccunt with an assured future.. Becausa the opportunities for engaging ir manufacturing cnterprisoa are better fhaniiv any other region of the West. Because good mining properties can be had at reasonable figures. Because there is a derifand for additional facilities for ore reduction . Because there are vast stretches of rich soil to be reclaimed by the construction of irrigating canals. Because there are large tracts of grass lands that can be utilized by the sinking ot artesian wells. Because there are many openings in a new country which cannot exist in older com munities . Because the opportunities for engaging in the successful cultivation of semi-tropi fruits are better than in anj" other part the United States. Because property values are rapidly ad vancing. Because Arizona's boom is yet to come. CAN" ONI. LIVE COSOltTABLY? That again depends on what you expect. You cannot hae the luxuries of our New York honsef out there, unless you bnik one; or the variety of our New Yorl markets, unless you charater a'rcfrigeratoi car. But there are hotels with almost a much frontage as the Waldorf; and, like everything else in the Territory excepting the mountains and deseits, they are new. There are boarding houses of more kiuds than one; and brick cottages of eight or ten room.s can occasinally by rented. Bet ter than any of them, for the man with energy and the pluck to take it, is to on the desert; and he who knows how "camp out" with comfort through Septem ber 111 the Adirottdaeks cati camp out in Aiizona through the winter. As to food, there is plenty, and it is good if you can get it well cooked. The alfalfa fields of the Salt Kiver Valley are the fattening ground for the great cattle ranges of the Territory. From there the markets of Los Angcles-and even of Denver arc largsly supplied, Good beef, mutton and poultry are plenty and cheap. Quail, ducks and venison from the vicinity can also be had. Vegetables a:id fruits are abundant in their season, and sometimes the seison is a long one. It is the one country I have lived in where straw-berries ripen in the open air teii months in the year. J have had them on my table, ft esh picked from the open garden at Chri.stius ALTITUDES. It is a striking advantage offered by Arizona that, with the same general con ditions as to temperature and dryness of air, the physician is able to select nearly any altitude he may desire. Thns, asth matic .sufferers can iind almost the sea level at Yuma, or an altitude of only a thousand feet at Phoenix, or of only 2,-100 at Tucson. Others, who find no objection to greater elevations, can choose bctweer Prescott or Fort Whipple, C,400; Flag, staff, (i.SOO,; the Sulphur Spring Valley, or Fort Grant, -1,201); Fort lluachuca. 4,S00, or Oracle, about 4,000. WHICH TOWN IS T1IC 3HST? Primarily that is a question for the phy sician, if there is a physician in the case if not, try them all. If a mountain region, considerable altitude and a comparatively low temperature is desired, Prescott is in a picturesque region, near a great mining districts, and has the social advaHtapi of an army post, Whipple Barracks. . -jg- stall is still higher, 13 in a region of t piue forests, aud is within r hard journey of one of the wonders of the t the Colorado Canyo Oracle is a p ise y's Id, ;tty mountain nook, oowered in splendid live oaks, like Y .ee of California, and is also near, an .iportaut milling district. If low er altitude and a distinctly semi tropical climate are desireiVthf three places most likely, to be considered aro i'uma, Tucson and Phoenix. The first is near the sea level; is the warmest and probably th driest of the three, lias the least population, and the smallest provision for visitor lucson is the oldest town in the Territory, and, after Santa Fe, perhaps the oldest in the Southwest. Its adobe houses give it a Alexicau look, and are thoroughly comfort able. Its newer houses are of a handsome building stone, found in the vicinity. The Ten itorial University is 1 ere, and it was formerly the capital. Its elevation being more than double that of rhoenix, it is somewhat coaler, and as there ia next to no irrigation near it, the air is a little drier. Phoenix is the centre of the greatest irriga tion in the Territory. The country for miles around smiles with green fields, cover ed with almost countless herds of cattle, and it is everywhere shut in by low mount ains. It is the Territorial capital, has the Government Indian School, the Territorial Lunatic Asylum, and other institutions, and is the general focus for the Territory. Like Tucson, it has its occasional wind and sand storms perhaps not quite so often. At either place visitors who know how to adapt themselves to circumstances can be entirely comfortable, and in each thoy will find an intelligent, orderly, enternrisinL'and most bn.?nit:ihlr i-mnmiinltv Tln1. ...:n I find a country full of mines, full of rich agricultural lands, abounding in cattlt and hor-es, in vineyards and orchards and the beginnings of very succescful orange grove? a country, its fact, av full of promise for hardy and adventurous men now as Califor nia was in the fifties. Above nil, it ha been their lot to search for health iu tar countries, they will revel in the luxury of being in their own land, among their own countiymen, within easy .reach of their friends by telegraph or rail, and in a climate as good of its kiud as any in the world. ACTUAL KCMlDITr. This is evtren ?ly slight, everywhere in Arizona, as com Ki red with any eastern climate iu tlio.Ur.ited States. The air is driest on the high wonm, remote from suowclad mountains or forests, and iu the desert valleys, uhc.-o nv vvir.idcrflble irri gation llUS bv.Hi IjfgMH, ARTICLES OF IXL'O&POfiATItHb OF THE La Grande Goppsr Com pany. . KNOVV ALL MEN BY THESE PRESEHTS; That vre, Frank Kedonda and J. L. Kedondo, wU ze a of the United States of Ami rici, have this daj as x-Kted ourselves togother for tha purposs of fo ling ft Corporation under and by virtue of tks la i of tho T rritory of Arizona, and hereby adopt th following Articles of Incorporation, ninlj: FIRST. That the name of tho corporators r Frank Ee doudoand J.L. Kedondo; that the caiae of tbc Corporation fhU ba ths LA (JiUNDtf COPPSU. COMPANY; that the principal .plase for the trans action of the business of said C orporaiion ii ntl shall be the town of Yuni-i, in Yuma county. Ter ritory of Arizona, with braaeh otfisss sX such other places as the Boarl of Dirsstors may from tiiae to time designate. SECOND. The general nature of the basintsa proposed to be transacted by said Corporation i3 mining cop per, gold, silver and all other metals and in the furtherance of that object to buy, sell, Icaic, bond, develop and operate inine3, smelters, raining: .claim-i, mills, cyanide jdants, pumps, saw mlU. ciial mines, coke ovens; to buy, sell, lease, bond, construct, maintain and operate canals, ditches, flumes, reservoirs, well, pipe lines and all other equipments necessary or incidental to the develop ment of water and po.r for miniup, milling and domestic purposes; to obtain by purchase or other wise mill, building and townsites; to erect tbcreou all necessary buildings for its own us or t rest ; shafts, mills, smelters, concentrators, crushers and all kinds of machinery, apparatus or contrivance neces-ary or useful in reducing ores'and tract ing tho values therefrom; to buy, own, lease, bond, construe, maintain and operate railroads-. -wa?oa roads, electric roads, tramways, or any other pgency adapted to the convsvance of ores, freight material of a- y kh d as well as passengers; to own, control, buy tuid boll patents or other inventions iu any way relating to the tninlns: business; tt carry on and maintain a s;eneral mcrcliantile busi ness, or to grant exclusive rights to others to do so on the premies of the Corporation; to borrow money, issue bonds and to aiortsose. pledge or othetwise dispose of any or all of its property; to acquire both real and pent nal property of any and every sort, to buy and sell the sams, to consolidate Its property with other corporations: aud to do and to perform in any and all acts and things necess ary to do or in any 'manner Incidental to the car rying out of all tne purposes hereinbefore spi fled THIRD. The amount of the capital stock of said Corpora tion shall be one million ($!,C09,000) dollars, divid ed Into one raillion (1,000,000) shares of the par value of one dollar par share. All or any part of said stock may be issued at any time by the Board of Directors in payment for property conveyed or asi;ne.-l to said Corporation, or for services ren dered, cr 'jpaa subscription at par for cssh, pro vided, how ver, that no part cr portion of said stock shall oe fully paid up and wh.m so Usued by said Board of Directors said stock shall b noa asstssable and no personal liability shall attach t the hel Icr thereof. FOURTH. That the Corporate existence of said Corporation ihall commence upon the day and date of the fil. in? of tbcis Articles of Incorporation ia the office of the County Recorder of Yuma County, Arizona Territory, and shall terminate tenty-fiTe year thereafter. FIFTH. '1 hat the affairs of said Corporation shall be man aged by a Board of five (o) Directors. The firiS Board of Directors chall cons st ot Ji-cph L. Ra dondo, C V. Ueoden, S. Kedondo, B. L. Meedeu aud Janios Simons, who shall hold their offlos fer a period cf cne year from the date of these article ars recorded or until their successors are duly elected and qualified. At the expiration of thn year above stated or sooner if ths stockholders elect a now Board ot Directors thill be elected by the stockholder of tsid Corporation at its regslai annual inciting. Said annual meeting to beheld on the second Monday in Ootuberof eachytarln the town of Yuma, Tcrritery cf Arizona. SIXTH. The officers of said t'orpoi ation shall consist of a Preidcat. Vice President, Secretary, Assistant Siirstary and Treasurer, and such other cfficen as the Beard of Directors may frcm time to time de termine. Tlie President, and Vice Trcsldent hall be members of the Board of Dirctors. and uo Di recto shall hold officii nho is not a bona fide stock holder of record in said Corporation. In the evect of the death, resignation or ditability of any Di rector the remain. ng members of the Board of Directors rosy fill the racarey by the election of some stockholder. SEVENTH. That the highest amount of indebtedness said Corporation shall at any time create shall cat cx cecd the ssm of Tsro hundred thousand (2SO,CCO) dollars. EIGHTH. Thit all private property o; the stockholders In said Corporation shall ba exempt ftom any and all Lability for corporate debt. Iu witnos whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this, the 10th day of January, A. D. 1S30. FRANK KEDONDO, seal J.L REDONDO, 8IA1 Tebritort or Auzosa. ) County of Yuma, f Before ufe, C. H. Brlnley, tlcrk ef the 1 Istriet Court f the 3rd Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and for the County of Yuma, on tills day personally appeared bef. fe mo Frank Kedondo aud J . L. Ri do do, known to me to be the persons whose names are subscribed to the forootngla strumcntand they aukii-wl3ilgn to me that they exjeuted t-e same for the purposes therein ex presses. W itntss my hand and the seal of said District Court this 10th day of January, A. D. 1809. (seal.) C. H. BRINLEY. 1st pub. May C, 1839. Clerk of said Court. Recorded in Book 2 of Bonds an'J Agreements t at page 194, records of Yuma county, Arizona terri tory. W. E. ilRYiy, Hccorder. art Are prepared from Na ture's mild laxatives, a and while gentle are reliable and efficient. They Cure Sick Headache, Bil iousness, Sour Stomach, and Constipation. Sold everywhere, 25c. per box. Prepared by CLHood & Co.,Lowell,Mas5 The Wiser Yt ay. fresh aud rosy you lo&c, How Nora," exclaimed Isabel, who had juab returned from the beach, aiid was greeting her friend. "Yea, dear,"' replied Nora, "I am feeling splendidly, and mamrna aays I nave an alarming appetite." "Where in the world have you beea eiuce I aaw you?". "I have remained nt home," replied Nora, "and have worked hard every day. But I have been taking that wonderful medicine, Hopd's Sarsa parilU, and it has done me, oh, so much good. Yon sco I always like to feel well when I go array, .wj I Ico.va the moiinlait:; next week."'