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Pioneer Paper of Arizona S
s Official Paper of Yuma Co. "Independent in all things." Yuma, Arizona The Gate City of the Great Southwest VOL. XXXVII. YUMA. AlilZONA, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 11, 1908. NO. 19 Arizona Sentinel. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY riBLV, : : : : ARIZONA J. W. DORR1NGTON. Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One Year 52 00 Six Months 1 00 O P KMOLAXi DIRHCTORY: TSHKITOKIAT. OFF1CKUS Governor Joseph H. Kibbey Secrctarv W. F. Nichols Auditor John N. Pajrc Treasurer E. E. Kirkland Attornev General E. S. Clark SurvovoY General : P. S. Incalls Sup't of Public Instruction R. L. Ionpr Delegate to Congress Mark Smith Sup't Territorial Prison Jerry Millay rilOr.NIX LAND OFFICE Register Milton R. Moore Receiver Fen S. Hildreth V COUNTY' OFFICIOUS District Judce John II. Campbell Clerk of District Court.. ....C. II. Uttinfr . t H. II. Donkerslev, Chairman: Supervisors A H Kent and J? IL shanssey. Clerk Board of Supervisors ...Tas. M. Polhamus Probate Judge and Sup't of Schools J. H. Godfrey Sheriff Gus Livingston Under Sheriff Walter Riley District Attorney P. T.-Roocrtson Treasurer Geo. Michelscn Surveyor V. II. Elliott County Physician Dr. Thomas J. Push County Recorder Jas. M. Folhamns County Assessor C. V. Meeden PRECINCT OFFICERS Justice of the Peace Joe Redondo Constable Julio Martinez Trustees Yuma School District W. H. Elliott, J. W, Dorringtcn.O. C. Johnson. CITY OFFICERS Mayor A. L. DcMund ( P. J, Miller. L. W. Alexander, Councilmcn -J Squire Munroe, John Gandolfo Donald Mclntyre. Cttv Attornev F. L. Intrraham. City Clerk and Treasurer J. L.. Redondo Marshal R. A. Anderson Street Commissioner J. H. Shanssey POSTOFFICE HOURS: Mail open on Sundays from 8 to 9 a. m. Week days, 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. No Money Order business on Sundays. Mail (East and West) closes every day at 7 p. m. R. H. Chandler P. SI. YUMA LODGE NO. 7 A. O. U. W. MEETS every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock. Visit ing brrthren in good standing are invited to attend. Yours in C. II. and P. F. L. EWING, M. W. ED. MAYES, R. ALLIANCIA HISPANO-AMERICANO NO. 10. meets everv Sundav at Elks' hall, 0 p. m. Manuel Monuov, Pres. J. L. Redondo, Secretary. METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH Preaching everv other Sunday morning at 11 o'clock and Sunday night at 7:30 by the pastor, J. M. Oeheltree. Sundav School every Sunday morning at 10 o'clock, P. T. Robertson, Superintendent. mlRST BAPTIST CHURCH SERVICES 6 1 on the fourth Sunday in each month at 2:30 p.m. Prayer meeting on Friday night of each week. Eugene Keen, pastor in charge, unday School every Sunday morning at 10. CATHOLIC CHURCH DIRECTORY: SUN days. Mass at is a. m. Rosary and Bene diction at 7 p. m. Week days, Mass at 7 a. m. Christian doctrine taught daily by the pastor In English at 8:30 a m.; In Spanish at 3:30 p. m. PROFESSIONAL CARDS: "T71RANK BAXTER, Attorney at Law and JO Notary Public. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Special attention to Mining and Land Laws. P. O. Box 401. First Street, .South Side, Yuma, Arizona. E. B. KETCHERSXDE. J. A. KETCHERSIDE KETCHERSIDE & KETCHERSIDE, PIIY sicians and Surgeons. Office in Cotter's drug store. H. Wuiterman. Mary A. Wupperuan WUPPERMAN & WUPPEKMAN, ATTOR neys at law. Notary Public. Court Re porting, Onlccsiu VVuppcrman Building, Yuma, Arizona. Telephone No. 203. PETER T. ROBERTSON, ATTORNEY AT Law, Office in Cotter Bldg., Yuma, Ariz. XTT IL ELLIOTT, CIVIL ENGINEER AND V Surveyor; -U. S. Deputy Mineral Sur- .:yor. Yuma, Arizona. Stellmans Freckle Cream, the only reliable face bleach. Mrs. A. J. Heyl,, Special Agent, Cor. Jones and Madison Ave. Phone 75. COME TO THE SENTINEL OFFICE for Job Work. Satisfaction assured. E 1j. Vnmn Arivnnn Th)e Gem C. V. Moaden Alain Street. Prop. "Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars Everything; First Class In every respect ? And at Popular Prices. sr. 9 AHS ORE THE LUTOSg WiTH irSO rn jt. i m itf OLDS Trial Bottle Free AND ALL THROAT AND LUNG TROUBLES. E GUARANTEED S ATISFACTQUYt OS HONEY SEPUNDED. 'hoenix Restauram Meals 25 cents and Up, Everything new. Private rooms. SANGUINETTI BUILDING East side of Main St. cn-vr Yorxo, Proprietors . - "anr'W 'i In the Flush of Youth a keen young man is alive to the activi ties that surround him. That's how it is with this store. We're always alive to what's going un in the way of Groceries There's none more quick or more alert in taking advantage of opportunities where "spot cash" secures goods way down and under usual wholesale prices. We get on to such snaps, and that's why our offerings and so much under the usual, while goods offered are of the highest grade. Come and see. C The Up to Date Grocers. Colorado River Lumber (incorporated) DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF Company Builders5 Hardware, Lime, Nephi Plaster, Glass, Etc., Etc. COR. THIRD ST. AND MADISON AVENUE ALEX DURWARD PRESIDENT AND MANAGER YURflA, ARIZONA PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY. Phone. 89 Turns Out First-Class Work XiET Leave orders at Shorey's, Southwestern News Company. R. J. FRAIJO, Proprietor, Yuma, Ariz, loeiixy title Guaranty Company ABSTRACTS And Ce tificates of Title The Only Complete Set of Abstract Books in Yuma County outhern Pacific Company Pacific System " LOW RATES ONE WAY TO YUMA FROM CHICAGO 38.00 ST. LOUIS...' 35.50 NEW ORLEANS. . . 35.50 KANSAS CITY 30.00 LEAVENWORTH, KAN 30.00 ATCHISON, KAN 30.00 ST. JOSEPH, MO - : 30.00 COUNCIL BLUFFS 30.00 OMAHA 30.00 MINNEOLA, TEX 30.00 HOUSTON, TEX 30.00 and many other points. Tickets Furnished by Telegraph No Extra Charge. For complete details call on or address E. G. HUMPHREY, D. F. & P. A., Tucson. Or J. H. KING, Local Agent, Yuma. ECZEiVIAand PILE CURE C" D p p Knowing1 what it was to l 1 1 v. guffer i v:in giv?; KREE OK CHAIIGE, to any afflicted a posi tive cure for Eczema, Salt Kheura, Ery sipelas, Piles and irk in Diseases. Instant relief. Don't suffer longer. Write F. W. WILLIAMS, 400 Manhattan ave nue New York. Enclose stamp. WANTED Men to advertise and dis tribute our sample Mail Order Mer chandise. Catalogues. $00 per month Address UNITY SUPPLY CO.. Dept. 1, Chicago, Illinois. Hardy Colorado Grown We guarantee our Nursery Stock. Send for Free Catalog, We Pay the Fueigut The SCHROEDER-SON NURSERY GO. LAFAYETTE, COLORADO Location Notices for Arizona and California on sale at the Sentinel A Lesson in Intensive Farming by R. H. Forbes, Director and - Chemist of Agricultural Experiment Station. University of Arizona, January 15, l'.m. .lust west of Yuma, Arizona, In the alluvial Hood-plain of the Colorado, Hps a little farm or 7.2 acres which on May 1, 1903, was virgin bottomland, covered with saltweed, arrow brush and creosote bushes. The original purpose of the tract was for planting selected v:iietifs of date palms imported by the U. S. Department of Agriculture from the Old World. The Experiment station. May 2. be gan preparing the ground, and on May 20 the work of levelling, bordering and irrigating the tract and the planting of 152 palms, was completed. THE PIiAK OF AVORK. Recognizing, however, that a farmer with his living to make meantime, cannot allbrd to wait for nn orchard to come into bearing, it was planned to plant crops for quick re turns between the tree-rows, thus putting the work on a feasible basis from the small farm er's point of view- In order to economize ground the irrigating borders were so placed as to coincide with the rows of palms, thus utilizing space otherwise usually wasted. The tract was divided by the borders into lands, for the most part one-half an acre In size. Irrigating water from the Colorado Valley P. &1. Canal was obtained in the cus tomary manner, and K. L. Crane, himself a Yuma Valley farmer, undertook the care of what was nicknamed our "play farm." In size, as well as in the intensive character of the work planned, this "farm" is t he op posite of the average holdings of this locality. The prevailing crops of the region are alfalfa, corn, barley, and forages In general, compara tively little attention being given to vege tables and fruits. Withal, the cost of levelling laud in this region is high, rarels falling be low twenty dollars an acre at current prices for labor and teams. Moreover, the cost, ex clusive of maintenance, of the Government irrigating system now under construction will be about S3.50 an acre annually for ten years. To meet these and other heavy items of expense In connection with the establish ment of a farm in this region, intensive crops of a more remunerative character than those now in vogue, are essential. It was partly, therefore, as an object lesson bearing upon these financial aspects of the general situa tion, that this cultural work was planned. BECT.AMATION OF THE GROUUD. The soil of our tract, a warm, sandy loam well adapted to gardening operations, was levelled, ditched and bordered at a contract price of $17 20 an acre, considerably less than the average for the locality, reckoning the labor of men and teams at current rates. In addition, barbed wire and posts for fencing cost SWM0; lumber for headgates cost S3S.57; a drive well point and pipe, a pitcher-spout pump and a barrel, S13.45: a small lumber two-room house, Including five and one-half days carpenter hire, S152.75; and a brush-roof shelter for horses, about 85.00. Only skilled labor employed In levelling, bordering and ditching the ground, and for part construc tion of the house, Is Included in the above estimates, as the common labor required or dinarily would be, and in this case was, fur nished by the farmer himself. To bring this ground under cultivation and make it habitable for a small farmer and his family, sis stated above, therefore required a cash outlay of about $100.00. In addition, in the average instance must be included a team, wagon, plow, harrow, haying equip ment, shovels hots and other small tools. CROPS AND MARKETS. The crops selected for the reason of 19CG were Early Jtose potatoes, White Hermuda onions. Rocky ford cantaloupes, Dwarf Cham pion and Burpee's Quarter Century tomatoes, and alfalfa, besides a few hills of watermelons and sundry vegetables. The produce was marketed in Yuma with the exception of tomatoes, which, for the largest part, were expressed to Tucson and Bisbec. The following statements for the various crops are on the basis of net casii le turns to the small farmer, who with an aver age family of five and a team of horses is as sumed to do the work required, as explained below. Items necessitating cash outlay, as seed, irrigating water, and crates are deducted from gross returns. Water costs an average of o0 cents for irrigation per acre for the crops grown. The yields in certain Instances are low, due to the unimproved condition of the soil, which, like desert, soils in gcciul, was low in nitrogen and organic matter. Some small salty areas also afrected yields locally. White Bermuda onions; .17 acres; Seed planted Sept. 27-Oct. 3, 1905. Young onions transplanted, Feb- 5-9, 19W. Crop matured about June 1. Yield, 391(1 pounds of dry on ions. Highest price received, 2lAc a pound: lowest price received, 1.8c a pound. Entire crop marketed in Yuma. Cash Cash outlay, returns. Seed $ 2.88 9 Irrigations in seed bed and 8 irrigations in field, about 3.50 Sacks and sundry, about 2.WJ 3910 pounds of onions at 2.5- l.Hc $73.24 Net cash returns, not de ducting labor C1.30 Century yielded about oniiairv woll. hnth ho. ingof the dwarf bushy sorts best adapted to tins cumaie. uarnyartt manure was used un der the double rows, otherwise the ground was uniemnzeu save by the muddy irrigatin water used. Rockyford cantalouccs; 1 acre: Peed planted iuarcn v-u, iuut. uoid, backward Sanson re suiting in thin stand cdual to about three fourths of an acre. Crop picked .luly 5 to oepi. . iieia itv aozen, sola locally at from 35c to 15c a dozen. Cash Cash outlay, returns. 1 pound seed $ 1.00 Ifi irrigations S.C0 780 dozen cantaloupes at 85c to 15c $141.60 ret casn returns, not de ducting labor 135.00 S144.G0 S141.00 iue labor on this crop was light, but In this case time consuming, becauseof inconvenient arrangements for marketing. There werpem-ploj-cd on the crop 31 days men's time: 8 davs women and boys; and 2 days team, not other wise inciuaeci. The crop was fertilized with barnvaid man ure in about three-fourths of the hills, and, as stated above, t hestand was poor. The results or this acre are therefore conservative. Watermelons and sundry small Items of produce were sold locally to the amount or 815.G Seed and irrigating water, about S 2.00 Leaving a cash return of about- 13.05 $15.65 $15-65 Alfalfa; 1.70 acres: This was sown May 18, 1905, yielding three cuttings of about five tons of clean hay the first season. During the sec ond season, covered by this Timely Hint. there were seven cuttings with a total of about 20 tons of hay. The only cash outlay was VZAi for irrigating water. The labor re quired was, man's time, 14 days and team ninf days, which is rather high labor require ment for this alfalfa on account of the small size of the field under consideration, and lim ited use of machinery. This crop'at $5 00 to $10.00 a ton, loose, which has been the price this season, represents a cash return of not less than 8120.00 for the crop; but this hay was used to feed the team employed on the place, proving to be more than sufficient for that, purpose, since a stack of about three tons re mains at the end or the season. The manure from this source, being free from Bermuda grass seed, was especla.ly valuable for fertil izlng a part of the crops grown. $73.24 $73.21 The amount of labor expended upon this crop was large for the area, especially at the transplanting time. One day's team work in preparing the land and about 32 davs. men's time, were required to bring it through, al though the work Was not heavy and could have been largely performed by boys. The yield was low owing to the desert and unfer tilized character of the soil, onions requiring large amounts of organic matter in the soil to give good results. Early Hose potatoes; .M acres: Seed pota toes planted Feb. 10-19, 1900. Beginning to bloom April 13. Crop all harvested June 13. Yield. 2015 pounds. Highest price. May 21. 354c Bulk of crop, 2Jc. All marketed in Yuma. Casii Cash outlay, returns 250 pounds seed-potatoes and freight on same 5 8.03 Irrigating water for sesbania used as fertilizer. 2.98 2 irrigations for crop .81 Formaline for scab, includ ing express 1.0U 2615 pounds of potatoes at Vi-2ic 570.00 Net cash returns, not de ducting labor tii. lb LE In Cattle Can Be Prevented CUTTER'S BLACK LEG VACCIHB California's favorite, the most suc cessful, easiest used and lowest priced reliable vaccine made. Powder, string or pill form. Write for free Black L.eg Booklet, q THE CUTTER LABORATORY Berkeley. Cal. If your druggist docs not stock our vaccines, order direct from us. On motion board adjourned to meet at 10 a. m. Feb. 15, 1908. "H. JEL Donkersley, Chairman. J. M. Polhamus, Clerk. Office of Board of Supervisors, Yuma county, Yuma, Arizona, Feb. 15, 1908. Board met at 10 a. m. pursu ant to adjournment; all members, district attorney and clerk pres ent. Minutes of February 8, 1908, were read and approved, all members voting aye. J MAGAZINE REAPERS II. I II I I " $0.50 a year SUNSET MAGAZINE beautifully illustrated, good stories d1 CQ and interesting articles about California and all the far West a year TOWN AHD COUNTRY JOURNAL a monthly publication containing plain, easily-understood articles on the home, garden, farm and range of interest to every mem ber of the family filled wilK photographs and pictures. ROAD OF A THOUSAND WONDERS a book of 75 pages, containing 120 colored photographs of $0.75 picturesque spots in California Imd0re80n' Total . . . $2.75 All three for $1.50 ADDRESS ALL ORDERS TO SUNSET MAGAZINE FLOOD BUILDING SAN FRANCISCO PROCURED AND DEFENDED. Sendmodel,j drawiiiir orphoto.foreiDert search and free renort. I Frco advice, how to obtain patents, trade muri I TOW-iiSuui, etc, in all COUNTRIES. I Business direct -with Washington saves fimeA money ana ojien me patent. Patent and Infringement Practice Exclusively. Write or como to us at 023 Hlnta Street, opp. United States Patent Oflce.8 WASHINGTON, D. C. 870.00 $70-00 The amount of labor renuired for the cron itself was about 15 working days, with team Wi days. The sesbania used as green manur ing on the west half of the potato ground was given 17 irrigations. Bermuda grass, more over, nourished beneath the sesbania to such an extent as subsequently to require 23 days labor for cleaning up the .45acresso fertilized. Although the larger part of the crop came from the sesbania fertilized portion of the po tatoes, this method of enriching the soil proved very costly, 27 days mans time and 3 days team-work being required to put the ses bania under and afterwards get rid of the Bermuda grass. Nevertheless, the labor eng tailed could easily have been managed by a careful farmer, as the Bermuda digging was donein January when other work was not urgent. Tomatoes, Dwarf Champion and Burpee's Quarter Century; .52 acivn: Beed planted in cold-frame, Feb. 1. 1U0(. Transplanted tolield, March 12-15. First ripe tomatoes, June 10. Last of marketable crop, Sept. 8. Yield, llrst class, 11282 pounds; second class, salable, 2219 pounds; waste, most of which could have been canned, 1810 pounds. Total crop of 3300 vines, 15341 pounds or 4.6 pounds, gross, to the vine. Highest price received, 30c for a single pound on June 10. Bulk of lirst-class crop sold during July In Tucson and Blsbee markets, at 054 to H4c f. o. b. Yuma. Second class crop sold locally down to 2c. Cash Cash outlay, returns. Seed 8 1.72 18 irrigations, Vz acre 4.50 138 crates for shipments to Tucson and Blsbee WJ.50 13531 pounds of tomatoes at 30c to 2c $021.CO Jet cash returns, not de ducting labor 551.83 LOS ANGELES SMIN AT SHOREY'S Southwestern News Company ?()24.O0 $21.G0 Not including S14.G0, failed to collect. Until the last of June this crop required but little labor. During the shipping season, however, four persons were employed on about half time in picking, packing and ship ing the crop. The entire labor requirements for the crop were, men's time, 85 days; women and boys, 38 days; and team 10 days, the heaviest demand upon labor being during July. Dwarf Champion and Burpee's Quarter FOUND Adrift in the Colorado river, at or near the Colony, in the Republic of Mexico, one gasoline boat (engine taken. out) Owner can have same by proving property and puying charges. Inquire of Capt. I. Polhamus. Boat picked up by Cocopah Indian named Big Frank, who has possession of same. Korfresn- tiea nt!r!K'n;nlreli. nbility.Forry'sSeeds are in a class by them selves, manners have confidence in t'icm because they know they can be relied up on. Don't esperi meat with cheap seeds your sure ty lies "in buying sccd.isentoutby a conscientious and trustworthy Ktui Forry's Sood Annual L'.A.-W fnr vrw ia i.'itVK. Address D ,.Ut?.HTaC3.,CC7R01T,MISH. Ti3 Absolutely Pure m&si wish SS&jyai ape y&Hg 1 Liies Phosphate OFFICIAL MINUTES Continued from last week. supervisors of Yuma county, the bonds to be in the following sums, to-wit: Mercedes Downey 5000.00 E. D. Hodges 1000.00 J. H. Godfrey, Jr 1000.00 Johnson & Bowles 1000.00 The H. H. McNeil C. . . . 3000.00 A. M. Foster 500.00 The Enterprise Co 500.00 J. W. Dorrington . . ." 1000.00 W. H. Shorey 500.00 Bid of A. L. DeMund for lum ber was laid over for further consideration. A petition from the residents and tax payers of Bouse, Arizo na, signed by more than ten per sons, praying for the appoint ment of Thomas Bouse as road overseer for road district No. 9, the clerk is hereby instructed to notify Thomas Bouse of his ap pointment and to instruct him to furnish bond in the penal sum of one thousand dollars as required by law. On motion Board adjourned to meet at 10 A. M., March 2, 1908. H. H. Donkersley. Chairman. J. M. Polhamus, Clerk. SAN DIEGO & YUflA Engineers Plan to Cross River Near City of Imperial. Actual surveying for the right of way of the San Diego & Ari zona railroad through the Impe rial valley country will be com menced tins morning, according to official information given out at the office of the engineering department of the railroad yes terday. The work immediately in pros pect will take the line from the terminus of the present survey at the summit of the mountains eastward across the Imperial valley. Prom there on the route is yet to be definitely determined, although the engineers of the railroad have already been over the field and a number of possi ble routes have been investi gated. A field force consisting of 22 men will begin work this morn ing on the Imperial survey, and under the direction of Engineer S. N. "Witt will start at a point; Dos Cabazos springs, about 11 miles northeast of the Jacumba valley. -It is planned to keep on the American side of the line, although it is very probable that two or more lines will bo surveyed to determine the most feasible route. It is the plan of the engineers to have the railroad cross New river somewhere between the cities of Imperial and Calexico. While no definite time limit can be placed upon the work neces sary to complete the survey, it is estimated that from threato four months will be consumed in finishing this part of the gigantic railroad building task. Besides Engineer Witt's sur veying party another force of surveyors under the direction of Engineer II. P. Harrold is now engaged in running a line be tween Chula Vista and Tia Juana and this work will, it is expected, be completed within the next few days. As soon as this survey is com pleted the second party will go to the sSummit of the Jacumba and work westward on another line. This route will also be eng tirely on the American side of the boundary and will, it is un derstood, follow closely along the lines of the old Richards sur vey. Between three and four months will be required to com plete this work. Arrangements for the Imperial valley survey were completed following a personal visit of E. 3 Kallright, engineer in charge, to the section affected, last week, in company with engineer Witt, the two spending several days in the vicinity of Imperial and El Centro. George Holmes, purchasing agent for the road, has just re turned from the Imperial valley country, where he went for the purpose of purchasing supplies for the members of the surveying parties while they are at work in that region. San Diego Union. The Yuma Ice Co.'s soda water is the best. Only pure, distilled "wateris used in its manufacture, therefore it is also the most healthful. Drink no other. Rapid changes of temperature are hard on the toughest constitution. The conductor passing from the heated inside of a trolley car to the icy temperature of the platform the canvasser spending an hour or so in a heated building and then walking against a biting wind know the difficulty of avoiding cold. Scott9 Emtslsion strengthens the body so that it can better withstand the danger of cold from changes of temperature. . It will help you to avoid taking cold. ALL DRUGGISTS.; 50c. AND $1.00.