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PIONEER PAPEIs OF ARIZONA OFFICIAL PAPER OF YUMA COUNTY A. All XLJU "Independent in all things." - Yuma, Arizona The- Gat City of the Great Southwest VOL. XXXVII. YUMA, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 25, 1908. - - NO. 21 Arizona Sentinel. PUBLISHED EVEKY WEDNESDAY. YtoBa, : : : : ARIZONA J. V. DORRINGTON. Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION KATES: One Year 52 00 Six Months t 00 . OFlflCLVL'DtRECTCRY : .. ' TKUUITOltl AI OFl'ICEKS GoTrnor Joseph II. Kibbey Secretary W. F. Nichols Auditor.". John N- Page Treasurer E. E. Kirkland Attorney General K.viS. Clark Surveyor General F. S. lngalls Snp;tf Public Instruction K. L.. Lone Delegate to Congress Mark Smith SupU'Territorial PriKon Jerry Millay THOENIX LAND OKF1CK Register Miltpn K. Moore Receiver - Fen S. Ilildreth - COUNTY OFKICfcHS District Judge John H. Campbell ClerftMtf District Court.."-....CVH..TJUUMJ c. " ( H. H. Bcnkersley, Chainnan: Supervisors - A H K,,nt an(1 Jt n. shanssey, Clcrk-lloard of Supervisors .. Jas. M. Polhamus Probate Judge and Sup't of Schools J. n. Godfrey SberiffV- Gus Livingston Under -sheriff Walter Riley District Attorney P. T. Robertson Treasurer Geo. Michelscn Surveyor W. H. Elliott County'Phvsician Dr. Thomas J. Pugh County Recorder Jas. M. Polharans County Assessor ....C. V. Mecdcn PRECINCT OFFICERS Justice'of the Peace Joe Redondo Constable '- Julio Martinez Trustees Yuma School District W. II. Elliott, J. W. Dorrington.O. C. Johnson. CITY OFFICERS Mayor A- L. DeMund i P. J, Miller. L. W. Alexander, Councilrncn - Squire Munroc, John Gandolfo y j Donald Mclntyre. City Attornev F- L. Ingrahnm. City Clerk aud Treasurer J. L. Redondo Marshal R- A. Anderson Street: Commissioner J. H. Shanssey 'POSTOFFICE TIOTTKS: Mail oVen on Sundays from 8 to 0 a. m. Week days, 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. No Money Order business on Sundays. Mail (East and West) closes every day at 7 p. m. R. H. Chamilcr P. M. -7-UMA LODGE NO. 7 A. O. U. W. MEETS JL every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock. Visit ing bt?thren in good stn3ing arc invited to Attend. Yours iu C. H. and P. F. L. EWING. M. W. ED. MAYES, R. ALLIANCIA HISPANO-AMERICANO NO. 15. meets everv Sunday at Elks' hall, 0 p. ei. Manczi. Monroy, Pres. J. L. Redondo, Secretary. Ti TETHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH SS Jl Preaching every- other Sunday morning atllp'clockand Sunday night at 7:30 by the pastor, J." M. O'cbeltrce. Sunday School every Sunday morning at 10 o'clock. P. T. Robertson, Superintendent. FIRST BAPTIST CKURCH.-SERVICES on the fourth Sunday in each month at 2:30 p?m. Prayer meeting on Friday night of each .week. Eugene Keen, pastor in chnrgc. unday School every Sunday morning at 10. CATHOLIC CHUJiCH DIRECTORY: SUX alays, .Mass at "a in: Rosary and Bene diction "at 7 p. m. Week days. Mass at 7 a. m. Christian doctrine taught daily bv-the pastor In English at S:30 a m.: In Spanish at 3:30 p. m. PROFESSIONAL CARDS: FRANK BAXTER, Attorney, at Law and Notary Public, Will practice in 4iU the courts oW.be Territory. Special attention to Mining sukI Lmd Iv,s. P.O. Box 101- First Street, South Side, Yuma, Arizona. K. B. KETCHERSJDE.' J.A.KETCHERSIDE KETCHERSIDE & KETCHERSIDE. PHY sicians juid Surgeons. ..Offlcc in Cotter'.-; drug store. U. WaVBKHVAK. Ma.UY A-WUPPEUMAN tTTUPPEKMAN& WUPPERMAN, ATTOU- VY ncv.s at law. Notary Public, Court Re porting, Onicos in Wuppermau Building, Yuma, Arizona. Telephone No. 20f. "J3 ETER 1 ROBERTSON, ATTORNEY AT .Law, Oflicc in Cotter Bldg., iou, Ariz. TAT 1L ELLIOTT, GIVIL.ENGINEEK AND V' Surveyor; U.'S. Deputy Mineral Sur--yoj-; Yuaai Arizona. Stclltnans Freckle Crim, the only reliable face ble;ich. Mils. A. J. Ueyi., Special AgefJt, t:or. Jonas and Madison Ave. Phone 75. G6IE TO THE SENTINEL OFFICE jfor Job Work. Satisfaction assured. 'TRAUW1VN. Jowelcr and Optician. i.uma. Arizona. Trje Gem C. V. MoedDjO Prop'.' Main Street. Choice Wines, Liquors v and Cigars i dverj'thing First Class in every respect nd at Popular Prices. & & & c-.' 0 C0PAB4 HiX Elltillii t - O TA 1 Meals 25 cents and Up? Everything now. Private rooms. 1. SANOl'LN'ETTJ BUILDING . ' ' , East side ol Main St. OHiV'U -YOUKGj Proprietors AiiD CUSgg the j.UWQ8g 1l png's J I Tun ?OLDS Trial Bottle Free ft AND AI.UTHR0AT.AKD LUNG TROUBLES. B j GUARANTEED SATISFAciToBYi j 03- MONEY B-EFUNBED. roceries ' 0 s ' A-Sfe Wfm ! . Colorado River Lumber Company - (iNCORPORATCo) DEALERS IN ALL KINDS GF Builders' Hardware, Lime, Ncphi Plaster, Glass, Etc,. Etc , COR. THIRD ST. AND MADISON AVENUE ALEX DURWARD PRESIDENT AND MANAGER YUMA, ARIZONA PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY. Phone 89 fi Turns Out F!rstClass Work bP( 52?" Leave orders at Shorey's, Southwestern News Company. H R. J. FRAIJO, Proprietor, Yuma, Ariz, fidelity Title Ooaranty Company ABSTRACTS V And Ce tificates of Title The Only" Complete Set of Abstract Books in Yuma County 30iiiero racmcxoi Pacific System LOW RATES ONE WAY '' ' TO " ' '- YUMA FROM CHICAGO ST. LOUIS; NEW ORLEANS KANSAS '.CtTT'. ' . . . LEAVENWORTH, KAN. ATCHISON, K'ANr: ST, JOSEPH, MO COUNCIL BLUFFS OMASA.. M1NNEOLA, TEX HOUSTON, -TEX , and uuiny- other points. Tickets Furnished by Telegraph. No Extra Charge. - lor"rcbinpl6te det:iils E. Or J. II.-KING Local Agent, Yuma. ECZEMA and PILE CURE CDCp Knowing what it was to r l i- . sufie,.. i -win ,rjvo, KKEH OI'' CHAKGE, to any aillicted a poai ! live cure for Eczema, rialt Kheum, Ery- relief. Don't, suffer longer. rite F. W. WILLIAMS, 400 Manhattan ave nue New York. Enclose stamp. WANTED Men to aflvertise and die tribute our sample Mail Order Mcr cluindis; Catalogues. $00 per month Address: UNITY SUPPLY CO.. Dept. P.j Chicago, Illinois. In the Flush of Youth a keen young man is alive to the activi ties that surround him. That's how it is with this store. We're always alive to what's going un in the way of There's none more quick or more alert in taking advantage of opportunities where "spot cash" secures goods way down and under usual wholesale prices. We get on to such' snaps, and that's why our offerings and "so i. much under the usual, while goods offered are of the highest grade. Gome and see. The Up to Date Grcers. .838.00 -..35?50 3o.be . 30.00 . 3Q.QO, t . .30. qo;,, . 30:00 .f3Q".00 . 30.00 call on or address G. HUMPHREY,'. - ; . . D. F.. & P. A. , Tucson,, Hardy Colorado Grown We guarantee our Nursery Stock. Semi for Free Catalog, Wk Pay the Fkeigiit The SGHRQEDER-SON NURSERY CO. LAFAYETTE, COLORADO Location Notices for Arizona and California on sale at the Sentinel 1 Company I a ELS' U TIMELY HINTS us A Lesson in Intensive Farming by R. H. Forbes, Director and Chemist of Agricultural Experiment Station. University of Arizona, January 15, 1SKI7. Just west of Yuma, Arizona, in the alluvial llood-plain of the Colorado, lies a little farm or7.2 acres whicli on May 1, 1005, was virgin bottomland, covered with saltwecd, arrow brush and creosote bushes. The original purpose or the tract was for planting selected varieties of date palms imported by the U. S. Department ' of Agriculture from the Old World. The Experiment station. May 2. be gan preparing the ground, and on May '20 the work of levelling, bordering and irrigating the tract and the planting of 152 palms, was completed. THE riAX OF WOUIC Recognizing, however, that a farmer with his living to make' meantime, cannot atTord to wait for an orchard to come into bearing, it was planned to plant crops for quiclCyre turns between the tree-rows, thus putting the work on a feasible basis from-.tbe. Small farm er's point of view. In order to "economize ground the irrigating borders were so placed as to coincide with the rows of palms, thus utilizing space otherwise usually wasted. The tract was divided by the borders into lands, for the most part one-half an acre in size. Irrigating water from the Colorado Valley P. & I. Canal was obtained in the cus tomary manner, and E. L. Crane, himself a Yuma Valley farmer, undertook the care of what was nicknamed our "play farm." In size, as well as in the intensive character of the work planned, this "farm" is the op posite of the average holdings of this locality. The prevailing crops of the region are alfalTa, com, barley, and forages in general, compara tively little attention being given to vege tables and fruits. Withal, the eost of levelling land in this region is high, rarely falling be low twenty dollars an acre at current prices for labor and teams. Moreover, the cost, ex clusive of maintenance, of the Government Irrigating system now under construction will bo about S3.50 an acre annually for ten years. To meet these and other"heavy items , of expense In connection with tne establish ment of a farm in this region, intensive crops of a more remunerative character than those now in vogue, are essential. It was partly, t herefore, as an object lesson bearing upon these financial aspects of the general situa tion, that this cultural work was planned. KECIVMATION OF THE GROUND- The soil of our tract, a warm, sandy loam well adapted to gardening operations, was levelled, ditched and bordered at a contract price of S17 2(i an acre, considerably less than the aerage for the locality, reckoning the labor of men and teams at current rates. In addition, barbed wire and posts for fencing cost SG0-10; lumber for headgates cost S3S1.57; a drive well point and pipe, a pitcher-spout pump and a barrel, SKi.45; a small lumber two-room house, including rive and one-half days carpenter hire, Slo2.7o", and a brush-roof shelter for horses, about $5.00. Only skilled labor employed in levelling, bordering and ditching the ground, and for part construc tion of the house, is Included in the above estimates, ns the common labor required or dinarily would be, and in this case was, fur nished by the farmer himself. To bring this ground under cultivation and make it habitable for a small farmer and his family, as suited above, therefore required a cash outlay of about $400.00. In addition, in the average instance must be included a team, wagon, plow, harrow, haying equip ment, shovels hoes and other small tools. C510PS AND 3I-A1SKET3. The crops selecte'd for tile reason of 1900 weie Earij7 Rose potatoes, White Bermuda onions. Rockyford cantaloupes, Dwarf Cham pion and Burpee's Quarter Century tomatoes, and alfalfa, besides a few hills of watermelons and sundry vegetables. 1 he produce was marketed in Yuma with the exception of tomatoes, which, for the largest part, were expressed to Tucson and Bisbee. The following statements for the various crops are on the basis of net cash le turns to the small farmer, who with an aver age family of live and a team of horses is as sumed to do the work required, as explained below. Items necessitating cash outlaj-, as seed, irrigating water, and crates are deducted from gross returns. Water costs an average of 50 cents for irrigation per acre for the crops grown. The yields in certain instances are low, due to the unimproved condition of the soil, which, like desert soils in gerial, was low in nitiogen and organic mutter. Koine small salty areas also affected yields locally. White Bermuda onions; .17 acres; Seed plant. d Sent. 27-Oct. 3, lf05. Young onions transplanted, Feb. 5-fl. 100C Crop matured about June 1. Yield, 391(1 pounds of dry onions- Highest price received, 2ic a pound: lowest, price received, 1-Sc a pound. Entire crop marketed in Yuma. Cash Cash outlay, returns. Seed S 2.88 !) Irrigations in seed bed and S irrigations in lield. about 3.50 Packs aud sundry, about 2.Wi 3910 pounds of onions at 2.5- 1.8c : $73.21 ICet cash returns, not . de ducting labor; 64.30 $73.21 $73.21 The amount of labor expended upon this crop was large for the area, especially at the. transplanting time- One (lay's team work in preparing the land and about 32 days, men's time, were required to bring it through, al though the work was not heavy and could have been largely performed by boj-s. The yield was low owing to tbe desert and unfer tilized character of the sqil, onions requiring large amounts of organic matter in the soil to give good results. Early Rose potatoes; .SI acres: Seed pota toes planted Feb- 10-19, 1900. Beginning to bloom April 13. Crop all harvested June 13. Yield, 2015 pounds. Highest price, .May 21, 3ic- Bulk of crop, 2?ic. All marketed in Yuma. . Cash, -Cash outlay, returns 250 pounds seed-potatoes and : " freight on same $ S.03 Irrigating water for sesbania . used as fertilizer 2.98 firrigatiops for crop. .,.84!.- ; Formaline for scab,' includ ing express.. 1.00 ' 2015 pounds of potatoes at o!-2?je -. S70.W) Net cash returns, not de ducting labor ...57.15 . - The umount of iubor required for the eron iiself was about 15 working days, wi'.h tenia J Is, days. The pes,banla used as green inanur-. ingon Hie west half of the-potato Ki ouirdiW-ns given 17 irrigations. Bermuda grass, more over! nourished beneath the.se.sbauiu to'Uch un-cxtent as subsequently to .require IS days labor for eleaniusj up the .4.acre soejrliuzed. ! Although the larger part of the crop cunie -from the sesbania fertilized ROrtioiT.of the po tatoes, this method ofenriching the soil provecUvery costly, 27 days mans time and 3 days team-won: uemg required to puttneses banTn under and afterwards get rid Of the. Bermuda grass. Nevertheless, the. labor en- it'll cnuHi-CMiij mm- ui;v" iiiioii(,'u uy u,-r piirn'rul fjirinnr. in the l!trmiirtii flimmrr ens done In January when other work was not urgent. Tomatoes. Dwarf C'hampion and Burpee's Quarter Ceptury; .52 aerrs: t?eed planted iix cold-frame, Feb. 1. 1IK)6. Transplanted to Held, iMnreh 12-lo. First ripe tomatoes, June 10 Last of marketable crop-, Sept. 8. Yield, rlrst clnss, 112S2 pounds; second class, salable, 2219 pounds; waste, most of which could - have been canned, 1810 pounds. Total crop of 15300 vines, 15511 pounds or -1.18 pounds, gross', to the. vine. Highest price received, 30c for a single pound on June 10. Bulk of first-class crop sdld during July In Tucson and Bisbee markets, at G!4 to AYsc, f. o. b- Yuma. Second class crop sold locally down to 2c. Cash . - -outlay, Seed 8 1.72 18 irrigations, V aero 4.u() Cash returns. 138 crates lor snipments to Tucson and Bisbee.- 13531 pounds of tomatoes at 30c to 2e Net cash returns, not de ducting labor-.. 66.50 SC21.C0 551.88 802I.C0 $024.60 Not including SlKfiO, failed to collect. . Until the last of June this crop required but little labor. During the shipping season, . however, four persons were emplo3'cd on about half time in picking, packing aud snip ing the crop. The entire- labor requirements for the crop were, men's time, 85 days women . and boys, 38 days: and teainJU days, the rj.hoaviest. demand upon labor'iieing during July . Dwcrf Chamjuon and Burpee's Quarter i-uia i niasfiL.Ei Ccnturv yielded about equally well, both be ing of the dwarf bushy sorts best adapted to this climate. Barnyard manure was used un der the double rows, otherwise the ground was unfertilized save by the muddy irrigating water used. Rockj-ford cantaloupes; 1 acre: Seed-planted March 7-9, 1900. Cold, backward Sanson re sulting in thin stand equal to about three fourths of an acre. Crop picked July 5 to Sept. 7. Yield 780 dozen, sold locally at from 35c to 15c a dozen- - Cash Cash outlay, returns. 1 pound seed S 1.00 10 Irrigations 8.C0 780 dozen cantaloupes at 8.5c to 15c -. $141.C0 Net cash returns, not de ducting labor 135.60 S144.60 $144.60 The labor on this crop was light, but in this case time consuming, because of inconvenient arrangements for marketing. There wereem ployed on the crop 31 days men's time; 8 days women and boys; and 2 days team, not other wise included. The crop was fertilized with barnyaid man ure in about three-fourths of the hills, and, as stated above, the stand was poor. The results of this acre are therefore conservative Watermelons and sundry small items of produce were sold locally to the amount of $15.05 Seed and irrigating water, about S 2.00 Lea ving a cash return of about-- 13.65 V $15.65 $15.65 Alfalfa 1.70 acres: This was sown May 18, IP05, yielding three cuttings of about five tons of clean hay the first season. During the sec ond season, covered by this Timely Hint, there were seven cuttings with a total of about 20 tons of hay. The only cash outlay was $22.41 for irrigating water. The labor re quired was, man's time, 14 days and team nine days, which is rather high labor require ment for'tliis alfalfa on account of the small size of the field under-considcration, and lim ited use of machinery. This crop at $5 00 to $10.00 a ton, loose, whicii has been the price this.scason, represents a cash return of not less than $120.00 for the crop; but this hay was used to feed the team employed on the place, proving to be more than suffieient for that pilrpose, since a stack of about three tons re mains at the end of the season. The manure from this source, being free from Bermuda grass seed, was especia.ly valuable for fertil izing a part of the crops grown. mint In Cattle Can Be Prevented CUTTER'S BLACK LEG VACCINE California's favorite, the most suc cessful, easiest used and lowest priced reliable vaccine made. Powder, string or pill form. Write for free Black Leg Booklet. 9 THE CUTTER LABORATORY Berkeley, Cal. If your druggist does not stock our vaccines, order direct from us. mm ALWAYS A LEADS v andii e convin'c ed that Iheyare ENHURCOfFEE ENHuuPEPPER ENKUR5PICES ENHURJAPANTI FQRS4LAT YODR GROCER I SUNSET &1AGAZIHS be lutifully illust.ated, good stories i; CQ and interesting articles about California and all the far West. a year AND COUNTRY JOURNAL a monthly publication containing plain, easily-understood articles .n rr ca the home, garden, farm and pU. DU range of interest to every mem- a -year ber of the family filled with photographs and pictures. ROAD OF A THOUSAND WONDERS a book of 75 pages, containing 120 colored photographs of $0.75 picturesque spots ia California End Oregon. fcO Total . . . All three for $1.50 ADDRESS ALL ORDERS TO SUNSET MAGAZINE FLOOD BUILDING SAN FRANCISCO LOS ANGELES EMMINE1 AT SHOREY'S Southwestern News Company FOUND Adrift in the Colorado river, at or near the Colony in the Republic of Mexico, one gasoline boat (engine taken out) Owner can-have same. by proving property and pnying -Ghares.. Inquire. o.f Capt.-,L Polhsunus. JBoaf picked up "by. Coco pah Indian na'meq Big Prank; wtfo has possession-bf same: riis $7 Sower T Has Ho Second Cliancc Good sense says niako tlio most . . t' cftlnjCrsit ' have made and l:rnt Fcrrv's Seed I5ns!- .'ncss the last'ont i.i the orlil merit tells. Fewy'o Seed Rr.rMZl fa: "3908 tell t1i- vhole. SoM Story fent--FKEB for mo asKihj;. LKm;i sow sceu3 i:u you get it. D. f.1. FEP.2Y u CO.. Ccmrr. Kics. PRUNING DECIDUOUS TREES. The framework of the future orchard tree should be entirely formed when the third year's pruning has been given. Too oljten ' no attention is given to this' important part of tree train ing, and in other cases the tree is given the proper shape when planted, but here the work is allowed to stop. If we are to have- the character of the tree top determined at the third spring, close study and attention as well as work must be given the young tre.es each season. For those who are unfamiliar with ' the ' growing trees and LEG e-nfctt Kim's 1 I MAGAZINE "j BEAPEB.S j From fepesKi M the most healthM fi " M of fftdts, comes the k eb of 5 M'' fk cWF The only baking powder E$ ynae from. Royal JM? WlZ Grape Cream J!f of Tartar rlfHP!f 111 Costs a little more than the injurious alum " llIlIV r-VrJy' cr phosphate of lime powders, bui with ' SliliS Ryal3'ouaiesoreof p"fe,hcalthfclfoVd. plants the basic principle cannot be too often insisted upon that most trees and plants must be cut back when planted. Yearling whips of all sorts of orchard trees are the best to plant. Such trees usually have no branches. Cut them back to a point 13 to 24 inches above where the first branch is wanted. The mere cutting back wilL in duce most of the buds to form branches. If not; cut back, usu ally but a few comparatively weak branches will push out and these near the top. Many trees die outright- where this impor tant feature is neglected. The second year from three to five branches are selected to form the framework of the tree. All the rest-are removed. The selected branches should be properly spaced' around the stem so as to form a symmetrical, well bal anced top. One should constant ly have in mind the way the tree will appear when it is full grown. Apple trees have been particu larly in mind in the above discus sion, but the principles will ap ply to all fruit trees. Open centered trees have also been discussed for the reason that they are considered best. If one pre fers a tree with a central leader, the training is much the same, except that at the first pruning the uppermost branch is left longer, upon which is develope'd what amounts tou-seebnd top. "W. Patldrick. ' BUDDING ORANGES. : The best -time to' bud -ci tors trees is' iYTMaTch and- April, :as soo'n-as theJ trees -beginu to -put "fortfc'-cand -the" sap: flows freely, 'jfe very thing 'gbttold'be ' prepared., ho time shouTd be lost, 'as' buds inserted early in the. season" start with vigor, and by -fall have a large and thrifty top. The buds should be looked over at least ten days after they Grippe or Influenza, whichever you like to call it, is one of the most weakening diseases known, Scott9 s Bmtitsfon, which is Cod Liver Oil and Hypophosphites in easily di gested form, is the greatest strength-builder known to medical science. It is so easily digested that it sinks into the system, making new blood and new fat, and strengthening nerves and muscles. Use Scott9 s Et-mxilsion after Influenza. - Invaluable for Coughs and Colds. ALL DRUGGISTS; 50c. AND Sl.OO. are inserted, and all those which show signs of not having 'taken' should be rebudded in order to give them an early start and that they may grow more evenly with those first budded. Budding done in June and July is styled "summer budding." It is not considered as good as early spring budding, because the buds do not start even; and as the greater portion of them start late their growth is so tender by the time winter sets in. that, if they pass through it, they be come prematurely hardened by the cold, weather, which some times causes-the trees to become stunted. Fall budding is generally per formed during September and October, and sometimes in fa vored localities as late as !No vember. After the strings have been removed they are left to pass the winter in dormant bud, to be started in the spring. Ru ral Californian. Carrying Concealed Weapons. For some time past railroad men have been discussing among themselves the possible contents of a number of mysterious cars which have been passing through the city recently, westbound". The cars have all been sealed ! and a mysterious stranger in cit izen's clothes has been riding on every train, carrying one of the mysterious cars. . A conductor said last night that, he had ev ery reason- to bel ieve ...that the carsivere loaded with coast der fehse guns.which .are being .sent -by - the .war department . to. the . :Pacific -coast.. " 'This". theory is accepted, as quite a likely one, considering f-tbat it-is quite apparent that there is a mobilization of troops on . the Pacific coast.Albu querque .Citizen. Great reduction sale at Darling's.