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PIONEER PAPER Ol1 ARIZONA S PIOISrjfflHSR PAPER Ol? YUMA COUNTY &. ia k m "Independent In all things 'urns, Ir:z3.ia Th: Gate City, of the Great Southwest VOL. 40 YUMA. ARIZONA, THURS23AY. DECEMBER -'0. 1909, NO. 6 A -A. ArizoiNa Sentinel. PUBLISHED EVERY "WEDNESDAY YUMA, : : : : ARIZONA J. W. DORR1NGTON. Proprietor. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One Year Six Mouths .?2 00 . 1 00 OFFICUIi TJLK3SCTORX: TfllUUTOUIAr. orwcEUs Governor Secretary Treasurer R. E. Sloan Geo. U. Youufr K. K. Kirkland ...J..hn U. Wr.pht V. S. Incivlls Attorney General Surveyor General Sup's of Public Instruction Delegate to Congress Sup't Territorial Prison.... Ki.Ue T. Moore ...Ralph Cameron . Thomas Rj nning offici; ..Frank II. Parker PHOENIX TAICD Register Receiver C.E. Arnold OOUNTT OFFICKIIS District JUdse John H. Campbell Clerk of District Court.. ....C. H. Utting , 1 J. H. Shanssov. Chairman: Supervisors H Kfiatand w. E. Marvin, Clerk Board or Supervisors P. J. Miller Probate Juflire D. L. DeVane Countv Snn't of Schools Fro Wesscll Jsherin, Gus Livingston ...Walter Riley Under Sheriff District Attorney .. Treasurer Surveyor County Physician.. County Recorder... County Assessor .... W. F. Tircmons Geo. Michelsen H. C. Johnson Dr. Henri p John , Jas. M. Polhamns C. V. Meeden ritnoiucT OFFICEItS Justice o" the Peace J. C. Jones Constable.... Julio Martinez Trustees Yuma School District. Geo. RocI: trood, C, V. Mecdcn, and Donald Melntyre citt oiTicnits Mayor J.NH. ishanssey P. O, Snittlor. L. V. Alexander. .n Henry Gan.lolfo, Newt Park1?, ) W. Q. Peterson, C, E. Potter Counciltnen Citv Atioraev Frank Baxter City Clerk and Treasurer J. Ii. Redoado Marshal J. H. GoJtty Street Commissioner EOSTOiririCE HOURS: Mall open on Sundays from 8 to 9 a. m. Week days. 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. No Money Order business on Sundays. Mail (East and West) closes every day at 7 r m. R, n. Chandler P. XUMA LODGE NO. 7 A. O. U. W. MEETS every Tuesday evening at fi o'clock. Visit ing brethren in good standing are invited to attend. Yours in C II. and P. F. Li. EWING, M. W. ED. MAYES, K. ALLIANCIA niSP.VNO-AMEUICANO NO. 10. nwets everv Sunday at Elks' hall, C p. m. Mi-StTEd Mokhoy, Pres. J. L. Rcdondo, Secretary. TTrTHODIST EPICOPaI CHURCH JS L Preachlnc ovcry other Sunday mornin? at 11 o'clock and Sunday night at 7:30 by the pastor, J. M. Ocheltree. Sunday School every Sunday morning at 10 o'clock, P. T. Robertson, Superintendent. FIRST BAPTIST CirURCX SERVICES on the fourth Sunday in each mouth at :30 p. in. Prayer mentla;r on Friday night of each week. Eiisenc Keen, pastor in charge, und&y School every Sunday morning at 10. CATHOLIC CHURCH DIRECTORY: SUN days. Mass at 9 a. m. Rotary and Bene diction at 7 p. n. Weik days. Mass at 7 a. m. Christian doctrine taught daily bv the pastor n English at 8:30a m.; In Spanish at 3:30 p. m. 1 OFES S I OX-AL CARDS: TTR.VNK BAXT-EU, Attorney at Law and X? Notary Public. Will practice in a!', the sourtsofthc Territory. Rpeclnl attention to Mining and Land Laws. 1. O. Box 101- First Btreet, South Side, Yuma, Arizon.-t. H- WUPPKailAN. 51 AiiV A. W0PPEI1MAN YTUPPE3MAN& WUPPKRMAN, ATTOR- Y v cra at law. romry l-uuuii. uiurtnv- porting;'Otllces in Wuppcrman t Baiidlng, Yuma, Arioaa. Telephone No. :3X3. PETER T. ROBERTSON, ATTORNEY AT Law, OHce in Cotter Bldg., Yuma, Arir- COMJ3 TO THE SENTINEL OFFICE for Job Work. Satisfaction assured. E, TitAUPMVN, Jeweler and , Yuma. Arizona. Optician. Mm Boase. Have your meals at Neahr'r Boarding Houso. Meals: 25c 2nd np, Sunday Dinner: 35c, MEAL HOUSS Week days: Breakfast, 5 to 10 a: m., Dinner, 11:30 A.I.I. to 2 P.M., Supper, 5:30 to 3 p.m. You'll find your meals just as you like them, and, if desired, can have them cooked to order. 11 kinds of ic vou like them. Spanish dishes, if All home cooking. Come and try ourf are. Mrs. D. L. Neahr. Herald's Southern California Busi ness College, (514 S. Grand avenue, Los Anjreld. has jusc issueJ their nev: 1908 Uyllec paper, the most interest ing paper ever dedicated to businesa training. It. is descriptive of that manitic-nt institution which has no equal in the state. Paper sent free upon request to J. VV. LACKEY, manager, of above address. It pays to advertise Sentinel. in the AND Qjjggg T5 him&&l 1 FOR CSPS8 W 1 Mahd all throat ftwo lugmtcoblk; B . g E 1 8 'U2 lilt & 1 Ms WMF, Grocery. ! I jjj J buying you can practice ' the true I list ). k pnnnnmvhi' nub-nni'irnr mir Rt,nrf Si 3 H ) where full value is given for I k'J every dollar expended. -g I fliiigjf " ' Successor to ' I L W Alexander &' Co. 1 PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY. 1 S Phone' 89 MJh Palemon Avila, 1 1 If PHI TF III' 1 II !i i g Turns Out Frst-Qass Work 9 Leave orders at Shorcy's, Southwestern News Company. gj m v m I Colorado liver Lumber Conipany DEALEfTS IN ALL KINDS OF 1 i LUBES a BOiLOiHG MATERIAL Bailors' Jlardwsre, Lime. Nephl Plaster, Glass, Etc,.tc . COR. THIRD ST. AMD MADISON AVENUE S ALEX DURWARD 4 PRESIDENT AND MANAGER YUIVIA, ARIZONA L K. H DONKERSLEY (5. H. ROCKWOQn I PIONEER LIVERY a"" TRANSFER ZBWkm R ltf1Aii STREET f I Light Liyery of ail descriptions. Oatf its for the Desert am! Mountain. Ezpress Wagon servics.. Tracking and Hauling in a!! their branches Livery, Phone 48. I From flohawk to Norton's, Half Way Weil, Kofa, North Star, and return. Daily f r om Mohawk to Norton's; three tioios a week from Norton's to the mines Mondays, Wednesd iyS and Fridays For Special Trips, wire or write to GEORGE W. NORTON, Mohawk, Ariz. 0 8M 2 BiLfiO Adj I hi And Certificates of Title 'he QrJy Complete Set of AEtract Books in Yuma Cuntv is a combination that is only too rarely found. It would be seen oftoner if we but practiced true economy that is, the kind that seeks to secure the highest value v.t the lowest cost. In your K Transfer, Phone 47 A Lesson in Intensive Fanning by R ri. Forbes, Director and Chemist of Agricultural Experiment Station University of Arizona, January 1!5, 1E07. . .lui. west of Yunsa, ArlV.nnn. hi the nlluvlnl flood-pI:iln of the Colorsido, lies a little farm of 7.2tcres whli'.h on May I, 1605, was virsiM bottomland, covered with sal tweed, arrow brush a:ul creosote bushes. The original purpose of the Irani was for pjantintr selected varieties of date palms imported by the LT. S. )epart:u"nt of Apcrir.uitiirc from the Old World. Tlio KxpeJiment station, May 2. be gan preparing the ground, and on Way 20 the Avor'.t of levelling, bordering and irrit;;itinc the tract and the planting of 1.13 palms, was completed. Tlin I'IjAK CtMVOl'.K. Rcco5;nIzSns, however, Hint a farmer with his living to make meantime, cannot afford to wait for an orchard to come into bearing, it wak planned to plant crops for Quick re turns between the tree-rows, thus Dutfi'iK the work on u feasible basis from the .small farm er's point oi view, ju orner to economise ground the irrigating borders weie no placed as to coincide with the vows or palms, thus utilizing space oinerwi.se usually wasted The tract was divided by the borders into Innds. for (he most part oae-huif an acre size. Irrigating water from the Colorado valley i -k 1. Laual was obtained in the cus tomary manner, and K. L. Crane, himself a Yuma Valley farmer, undertook, the care of what was nicknamed our play farm. In size, as well as in the intensive character or the work planned, tuts farm" is the op posite or tne average Holdings of this locality The prevailing crops of the region are alfalfa corn, barley, and forages in general, com pa ra tivcly little attention being given to vege tables and fruits. Withal, the cost oTlevcllim land in this region Is high, rarely falling be low twenty dollar! nil ncre at current prices for labor and teams. .Moreover, the e.ot. ex elusive of maintenance, of the Government irrigating system now under construction will be about SS.oO an acre annually for ton years. To meet these and other heavy items or expense in connection with the establish mcnt of a farm in this region, Intensive crops of a more remunerative character than those now in vogue, are essential. It was partly, tnereiore, as an ooject lesson bearing upon these financial aspects of the general situa lion, that this cultural worir was planned. IIECLASIATION OF TOE GROUND. The soil of our tract, a warm, sandy loam well adapted to gardening operations, was ieveuen, ciitciied ami uoir.ercd at a contract price of S17.3; au acre, considerably less than the aveiage for tho locality, reckoning the iaoor of men and lelims-at current rates. In audition, bnrbcu wire and posts for fencing cost tou iii; lumber lor aeangatcs cost 530.57; a drive well poll; I and aHpe, a pitcher-spout pump and a barrel, $13.-15; a small lumber two-room house. Including five and one hall days carpenter hire, 8152.7a; and a brush-roof shelter for horses, about So.00. Only skilled labor employed in levelling, bordering and ditching the ground, and for part construc tion or the nonse, is included in the aoove estimates, as the common labor reouired or dinarily would be, and in this case was, fur- uisnea oy tne mrmer mmseit. To bring ihls ground under cultivation and make it habitable for a small farmer and his family, as stated above, therefore required cash out lay of about S-UiOaX). in addition, in tne average instance mustrbe included team, wagon, plow, harrow, haying equip rnent shovels hoes and other small tools. CROPS AND TAKKETS. The crops selected (?tiie rcuson or 1000 weie Early Rose potatoes, White llcrmuda onions. Kockyford cantaloupes, Uwurf Cham pion and liurpee's Quarter Century tomatoes. and altalfa, besides a few hills of watermelons and sundry vegetables. The produce was marketed in Yuma with the exception of tomatoes, which, for the largest part, were expressed to Tucson and Bisbee. The following statements for the various crops are on the basis of net cash re turns to the small farmer, who witli ai. aver age family of tlve and a team of horses is as sumed to do ( lie work required, as explained below. Items necessitating cash outlay, as seeu, irrigating water, anu crates are denuded from gross returns, water costs an average orw cents ror irrigation per acre Tor Hie crops grown. Tiic yields in certain instances are low, due to the unimproved condition of the soil, which, like desert soils in general, was low in nitrogen and organic matter. Some small sulty areas also affected yields locally. White Bermuda onions; .47 acres; Seed planted Sept. 27-Oct. S, 1!H).. Young onions transplanted, -Feb. 5-9. 19ix. Crop matured about June 1. Yield, 'MIS pounds of dry on ions. Highest price received, 240 a pound; lowest price received, 1.8c a pound. Entire irop marketed in Yuma. Cash outiay Seed J5 2.88 9 Irrigations in seed bed and 8 irrigations in field, about 3.50 Sacks and sundry, about 2J4(i 3010 pounds of onions at 2.i3- l.Sc Net cash returns, not de ducting labor (ii.30 Cash returns. $73.24 C-73.S4 873.21 The amount of labor expended upon this crop was large for the area, especially "at the transplanting time. One day's team work in preparing the land and about 32 days, men's time, were required to bring it through, al though the work was not heavy and could have been largely performed by boys. The yield was low owing to the desert and unfer tilized character of the soil, onions requiring large amounts of organic mailer in the soil to give good results. Karly Hose potatoes; .&1 acres: Seed pota toes planted Feb. 10-19, 1900. Beginning to bloom April 13. Crop all harvested June 13. Yield, 2615 pounds. Highest price. May 21, Sc Bulk; of crop, 2Uc. AU marketed In Yuma. Cash Cash outlay, returns 250 pounds seed-potatoes and freight on same ? 8.03 Irrigating water forsesbania used as fertilizer 2 Irrigations for crop Formaline for scab, includ ing express... 2315 pounds of potatoes at 2.08 1.00 3H-2iic ' ?70.W) iNet casu returns, not ae ducting labor 57.15 J70.00 70-00 The amount of labor required for the crop Itself was about 15 working days, with team VA days. The sesbania used as green manur ing on tho west half of t he potato ground was given 17 irrigations. Bermuda grass, more over, iiounsueu oeneiun mo sesoania to such an extent as subsequently to require 23 days labor for cleaning up the .45acresso fertilized. Although the larger part of the crop came from the sesbania fertilized portion of the po tatoes, this method of enriching the soil proved very costly, 27 days mans time and 3 days team-work boingTequired to put the ses bania under and afterwards get rid of the Bermuda grass. Nevertheless, the labor eng tailed could easily have been managed by a careful farmer, as the Bermuda digging was done in January wheu other work was not urgent. Tomatoes. Dwarf Ghampion and Burpee's Quarter Century; .52 acres: Seed planted in. cold-frame, Feb- 1. 1900. Transplanted to Held, March 12-15. First ripe tomatoes, June 10. Last of marketable crop, Sept. 8. Yield, first class, 11282 pounds; second class, salable, 2249 pounds; waste, most of which could have been canned, 1810 pounds. Total crop ofJ30() vines, 15311 pounds or 4.0 pounds, gross, to the vine. Highest price received, 30c for a single pound on June 10. Bulk of llrst-class crop sold during .July in Tucson and Bisbec markets, at 0'z to 4l4c f. o. b- Yuma. Second class crop sold locally down to 2c. Cash outlay, Seed s 1.72 18 irrigations, V acre 4.50 438 crates for shipments to Tucson and Bisbee 68.50 13531 pounds of tomatoes at 30c to 2c v. . Net cash returns, not de ducting labor 531.S8 Cash returns. SG21.00 S624.G0 S024.GO Not Including 814.60, failed to collect. Until the last of June this crop required but little labor. During the shipping season, however, four persons were employed on about half time in picking, packing and shiD fog the crop. The entire labor requirements lnr the crop were, men's time, 85 days; women and boys, S" days; and team 10 days, tho heaviest ucmand upon labor being during j uly Dwt rf Chumpiuu e,ud Burpee's '.iuarter Century yielded about equal. y well, belli be ing of the dwarf bushy sorts best adapted to tlis cHmritc. Knrnyr.i 'l manure was used un der thF donh'e row?. othiwise (be ground was, im M-l iiied ; ave by the muddy irrigating water used. Roekyfonlc.antalonnc;:; I acre: Seed planted March 7-D, lft)0. Cold, backwaid snason re sulting in thin stand equal to about three fourths of on acre. Crop picked .luly o to Sept.7. Yield 780 dosen, sold locally at from tine to !:ic n rfn''rn. Cash outlay. S l.oo Cash returns. 1 ponudsecd lf irrigations 7S(M!zen cantaloupes at 85e 8.00 1J UK Net cash returns, not de ducting labor l:16.fi0 SI4I.60 , , Slii.fiO 8111.00 j he labor on this crop was light, but in tiiis case time consuming, because rf inconvenient arrangements for marketing. There were em ployed on the. crop 31 days men's time; S days women and boy.s;and 2 days team, not other Wise included. The crop was fertilized with barnvanl man ure in about three-fourths of the hills, and. as stated above, t he stand war. poor. The results of this acre ale therefore conservative' Watermelons and sundry small items of produce were sold locally to the amount of-.......v ; gij.op Seed and irrigating water, about 3 2.00 Leaving a cash return of about.. lH.Co $15.63 C15-B5 Alfalfa; 1.70 acres: This was sown May 18 1905. yielding three cuttings of about five tons oi clean hay the firat season. During the sec end season, covered by this Timely Hint mere were seven cuttings with a total about 2ti tons of hay. The only cash -outlay wijwau3.-i ior irrigating water. Miie labor re quired was. man's time. 14 davs and team nino days, which is rather high labor require- ineni ior mis annua on account or the small size or tne field under consideration, nhd lim ited useofmnchinery. This crop nt S5 00 to 510.00 a ton, loose, which has been the price this season, represents a cash return of not less than 5120.00 for the crop; but this hay was usen to iecn .'io team employed on the place proving to ! more than sufficient for that purpose, since a stack of about three tons re mams at ine end or the season. The manure r.-om i lux, source, being fi-eo from Bermuda grass sepd, was ospecia.ly valuable for fertll izing-ft part oi tne crops grown Ciiloatown Situated. in a part of San Fran' cisco-most accessible to the ho tela and the business quarter of the city, Chinatown forms one of the most unique attractions not only to visitors but to local peo pie as well. Both day and night it contains elements of interest, so distinctively Oriental is it, so foreign to anything else that can be found in America. Although completely destined in the great fire of 1906, the Chinese quarter has been entirely rebuilt. It has lost somewhat ojS its. charm in ..... . the rehabilitation. Formerly it was old and rickety and dingy, with its dark and noisome alleys and underground passages, but even in tne snore tune since id has been reoccupied it has re gained its old aspect of mingled gaudiness and dinginess; and always to be found in the streets are the stolid, shuffling Chinese, always is the sound of the wierd music to be heard. The children, gaudy in their vari-colored cloth ing, iiutter through its narrow alleys as of old. Nothing could destjoy the Oriental atmosphere that to some is a never ending source of charm and fascination. Chinatown has some of the most beeutiful stores m San Francisco places where many kinds of treasures may be se cured, from cheap and gaudy ornaments- to rich carvings gor geously embroidered silks, richly carved silver and gold, cloissone warct jade ornaments, and many other things that the writes can not duplicate. The Chinese are peculiarly adept at whatever work takes time and patience, and have a highly developed sens,e of the artistic. The stores are distinctly urientai in tneir architecture, and their window displays ara supremely beautiful. The clerks will be found to be most courteous and intelligent. Do not make the mistake of talk ing "pidgin" English in dealing with them. Most or them em ploy better English than is used by the average American. In addition to the stores, other attractions may be found in the restaurants, where Chinese dish es are served, and in the Joss Houses, where punks are con stantly burning before the leer ing wooden images. Then there are tho Chinese theatres, where plays that last a week or more can be seen. The work of the jewelry makers can always be watched with interest, and the queer barber shops and drug stores furnish entertain- ? JU CATTLC CAM S PiSCVENTCB COTTER'S BLACK LEG VACCUUS Powder. ntrir.H or Dill form. WritO QfS for free Black Leg Booklet. Sn aS r THE CUTTER I.AEORATOR If your druggist does not stock oui vaccines, order direct from us. c mm Makes atom M from Royal Nortonia Hotel Eleventh and Waahldgton StS Portland, Oregon Portland's Newest and Most Modern Motel Centrally localed. Convenient to Theatres Attractive Koof Garden 'Bus JVSects 3511 Trains. ment, so different'are they from what can be found elsewhere. There is one thing that cannot be observed by the whites, "and that is the private life of the Chinese, who, especially the women, are very exclusive. There is no danger ofany kind attached to a visit to Chinatown. Whites are very welcome, for they mean money to the mer; chants, and are treated with the utmost courtesy by all with whom they come in contact. lie Was Resiemberei Paul Morton once refused to answer a certain question. "No, no," he said to the re porter, "I mustn't answer that question. It would be too start ling like the remark of the At- antic City child. "This child, a boy of 4 or 5, sat on his pretty mother's knee in the hall of a fashionable At lantic City hotel. His pretty mother was a widow and very popular. A throng of sis or seven young men and girls sur rounded her. "Ana now anotner man, a very rich, stately, middle-aged wid ower joined tne group. Me shook hands all around. Then he held out his hand to the little boy. " 'Come, "Willie, give me your Gist,' he said. 'You remember me, don't you?' " 'Yes, I remember you,' said the litlle boy. 'You are the man that bited my mamma last night on the pier.' " Couldn't Soy Anytiaii The boy had been repeatedly warned about running to the neighbors, and had even that- day made the best of promises before gaining his liberty. Yet no sooner was the door safely shut behind him than he had disappeared like magic. "Why did you go to Gard ner's'?" demanded his father up on his return. The boy looked steadfastly at the floor. 'I am waiting for an answer." Still silence. "Come," said his father, los ing patience, "don't stand like that! Speak up like a man." "Well," said the boy, raising eluctant eyes, "you've got me , right where I can't say anything!" Royal BaHng Powder is the greatest of time and labor savers to the pastry cook Economises flour, Butter and eggs and makes the food digestible and healthful most feealtMel food bio lime pisospliales The only baking powder made Grape Cream of Tartar MODERATE PRICES :ary When the people learn more about the tariff they will blame it less for the increased cost of living. The tariff is a necessary tax.' In no other way can the revenues of the government be raised with as little burden to the peo'ple. Our country is growing and the cost of govern ment is increasing. The policv of the framers of the tariff bill was to provide for more revenue, but not by taxing necessities. Generally speaking, the increas es of duties have been upon, lux uries that are imported for people of wealth. There is no tax on bread, hut the tax upon champagne is increased; the tax on woolens has not been in creased, but the tax upon silks has been raised materially. Every new tariff law that has ever been put into effect has re sulted at first in alarms and fore bodings among the masses. But after the initial anxiety is over and the people find out that the new tariff is not a source of in jury, they have accepted it will ingly. Somebody must pay the cost of running the government, and the fundamental idea in framing a tariff law is to make the tax as little burdensome up on the people as possible, while at the same time affording pro tection to home industries. Kansas City Journal. TROUBLE MAKERS OUSTED. When a sufferer from Stomach Trouble takes Dr. King's New Life Pills he's mighty glad to see his Dys pepsia and Indigestion fly, but. more, he's tickled over his nev f!ne appe tite, strong nerves, healthy v.gor, all because stomach, liver and kidneys now work right. 25c at all druggists. the Best of St When the young husband reached home from the office he found his wife in tears. "Oh, John!" sbe sobbed on his shoulder, "I had baked a lovely cake, and I put it out on the back porch for the frosting to dry, and the dog ate it!" "Well, don't cry about it, sweetheart," he consoled, pat ting the pretty, flushed cheek. "I know a man who will give us another dog."- Brooklyn Life, Subscribe for the Sentinel.