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Arizona sun. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1942-196?, September 20, 1946, Image 1

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Arizona San
The State's Only
Negro Newspaper
Published in the Interest of the Social, Political and Economic Welfare of 40,000 Negroes of Arizona.
VoT s—sc Per Copy ’ PHOENIX,”ARIZONA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1946 No. 16
Medal of Freedom Given
Two Negro Red Cross Men
LEGHORN, Italy—Malcolm Cot
ton, program director of the
American Red Cross Victory Club
here, was one of two Negroes to
be awarded the Medal of Freedom
for meritorious service to the
armed forces in a recent ceremony
in the office of Brig. Gen. Kenneth
Blood. Millard Woods, the other
Negro to be honored, returned to
the United States last October, and
is employed by the Muskegon
Heights, Mich., Citizens Recreation
Association as a social worker.
Mr. Cotton, whose home address
is 6 West 128th St., New York City,
was due to arrive in the United
States on Sept. 11. The award was
given him for making himself “in
valuable to all soldiers that have
sought advice and Red Cross aid,”
his deportment creating and ce
menting a “splendid inter-color
Mr. Woods, formerly of 1946 S
St., Lincoln, Nebr., received the
award for particularly meritorious
“work and advice in developing
the Leghorn Victory Club.” He
had been overseas since 1943 as a
director of various clubs.
Proposition 11, the state Fair Em
ployment Practices Act, was called
for today by a panel of the Com
monwealth Club, local business
men’s organization.
By a vote of 164 to 68, the panel
recommended that the next regu
lar meeting of the club, to be held
early in October, go on record in
opposition to Proposition 11.
Another panel voted 21 to 10 to
recommend Commonwealth Club
opposition to Proposition 3, the
$2400 annual minimum salary act
for school teachers.
The state FEP Act already has
been opposed publicly by the Cen
tral Valley Conference of the state
Chamber of Commerce and by
Women of the Pacific, described
by the La Follette investigating
committee as a front organization
for the State Chamber of Com
merce and the Merchants and
Manufacturers' Association.
The Act was placed on the No
vember ballot this year by initi
ative referendum, after it was de
feated in the state legislature last
year by lobbyists for the State
Chamber, the M & M. and the San
Francisco Employers’ Council.
Troop 17 who has been holding
their meetings in Father Emmett’s
Mission for the last eight years is
now occupying the small Elk’s
building on Tonto St.
After the small building which
the Elks occupied during the erec
tion of their new one, was vacated,
it was turned over to the Boy
Scouts, troop 17, which is spon
sored by the Elks.
The building is being put in
shape for the specific purpose for
Scouts activities and entertain
Troop 17 is the oldest Colored
troop in the city and is responsible
for the building of outstanding
manhood of many of our local
The largest waterway lock in
the world is the Amsterdam Ship
Canal in Holland, which serves as
an entrance to the North Sea. The
lock is 1,312 feet long and stretches
more than 160 feet across. The
largest locks in the Panama Canal
are only 100 feet long and 110 feet
Arizona Co-Op Association Appoints Officers
Word has been received in
Phoenix that the Arizona Cooper
ative Association is appointed of
ficial Arizona representative of the
Cooperative League of the USA,
national federation of consumer
Action was taken at the Nation
al Cooperative Congress held in
Columbus, Ohio, Sept. 9 to 11.
Henry Goodman, general mana
ger of the Arizona Co-Op, has been
advised of this development in the
following telegram:
“Cooperative League of USA to
day unanimously elected Arizona
Cooperative Association a member
of our body. This means your or
ganization will be our official rep
resentative for the State of Ari
zona. We wish you every success
in your splendid work, and offer
you our congratulations and un
qualified assistance.” The message
was signed by C. J. McLanahan,
educational director.
Significance of this development
LOS ANGELES—Four 17-year
old white boys, arrested on kidnap
ping charges in connection with
last Saturday night’s alleged at
tack on Negro children and their
mothers, were arraigned in Super
ior Court last week.
Representative Ellis E. Patter
son was with a delegation of 40
Venice citizens who went to the
Venice police station to protest the
Saturday night occurrence.
Patterson said he pointed out
that “such acts of violence, in my
opinion, can be traced back to Ger
ald L. K. Smith’s presence in this
city and his efforts to stir up race
,Mr. Oscar Wallace, a Negro
678 San Juan street, Venice, has
sworn out a complaint to police
that he, his wife, his wife, two
stepsons with two other Negro
persons were attacked by a mob
of about 20 white persons on the
night of September 7.
Health For All
The TB Patients Diet
There are so many superstitions
and misconceptions about tuber
culosis that the facts about this
disease cannot be repeated too fre
quently if people are to form a
right attitude about the disease,
its control and its treatment.
Many false notions center
around the diet of tuberculosis
patients. That may be because
people, on the whole, are apt to
get “food fads“ from time to time
and to try to win others over to
their ways of eating. Then, too,
food assumes a particularly im
portant part in the life of the TB
patient who must spend weeks in
Both patients and their families
should ignore all the well-meaning
suggestions made by friends about
food which “cures” TB. There is
no food that “cures” TB. A diet
high in caloric value and in vita
mins is important in the treat
ment of the tuberculous patient
because it builds up the strength
he needs for his body to fight the
disease. His physician will recom
mend such a diet and the dietician
in the hospital will plan meals
which provide the necessary calo
ries and vitamins.
There are still people who think
the TB patient should drink as
much milk as he can hold during
the course of a day. However, if
he does this he will not be able to
eat other foods which he should
have. Doctors are generally agreed
that a quart of milk a day is suf
ficient for the TB patient.
Eggs should be included in the
diet, but that does not mean, as
some people still believe, that raw
eggs must be swallowed in quan- ■
tities. Cooked eggs for breakfast,
with the addition of such egg
dishes as custards from time to
time, should be sufficient, particu
larly if other proteins such as
cheese, fish and meat are available.
Another popular misconception
is that condiments are injurious to
the TB patient. However, salt
and pepper and other seasonings
in reasonable amounts will not
harm the patient. Os course, the
TB patient, like other people, may
have some other condition which
will be aggravated by the misuse
of seasonings. If this is true, his
doctor will so advise him.
Nor is there anything harmful,
per se, in tea or coffee for the
patient. If he thinks that these
drinks stimulate him too much in
the evening, then he might omit
them from his evening meal but
(Story on page 4)
lies in the tremendous purchasing
power of the combined member
ship of the Cooperative League,
making possible substantial savings
to individual members of the re
gional and local Co-Ops on their
Cooperatives associated with the
League purchase or manufacture
a large line of high quality farm
implements and supplies, home ap
pliances, petroleum products, auto
accessories, foods and wearing
apparel, which are marketed under
the Co-Op label. They are also
organized to perform many service
functions for their members, in
cluding insurance.
The Arizona Cooperative Associ
ation is organized on approved
Rochdale principles of open mem
bership, democratic control, limit
ed interest on capital, savings ac
cording to patronage, sales for
cash at market prices, constant
education and constant expansion.
Occupational Therapy Director Retires *
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Veterans Administration Photo.
i Shown with a wide variety of handiwork, gifts from patients during his 30 years
| as director of the occupational therapy department at the Veterans Adminis
tration Hospital, American Lake, Wash., Arnold S. Rennord points out a few
of his favorites which will accompany him info retirement. A native of Norway,
Mr. Rennord is largely responsible for developing American Lake’s occupa
tional therapy department to a point that it has been used as a model for other
VA hospitals.
engineerlireeaters OPERATESTATION
TOKYO, Japan—Since its arri
val here from Yokohama on April
1, 1946, the 1225th Engineer Fire
Fighting Platoon has been oper
ating the Marunouchi Fire Station
and in cooperation with civilian
fire fighting forces is responsible
for the protection of Army griund
installations including depots, hos
pitals, warehouses, and docks.
On overseas duty since May,
1944 the 1225th first landed at Fin
schafen, New Guinea, where its
mission lay in protecting the dock
areas and supply depots against
fires. Landing on Leyte on D
plus-8 the unit set about fighting
fires in the Tacloban-Dulag area.
It was during this campaign that
these heroic men brought many
laurels to their unit.
Once during a Japanese bomb
ing raid, the USS John S. Calhoun
was set on fire; the untiring ef
forts of the men of the 1225th in
extinguishing the flames and res
cuing those trapped aboard the
vessel brought a commendation
from Brigadier General Frayne
Baker to every man in the unit.
In all, three Silver Stars, two Soi
diers Medals, and five Bronze
Star Medals were earned under
combat conditions by members of
the units.
New Appointment
Hadley Murrell, local school
teacher at Dunbar Elementary
School, was appointed last Tues
day to the board of City Athletic
Commission by Mayor Ray Busey.
Mr. Murrell is a native of Mis
souri; came to Phoenix in 1938.
He is a graduate of Tuskegee In
stitute and was connected with the
National Youth’s Administration of
Maricopa County, and also a for
mer manager of Mathew Henson’s
Housing Project.
He has been very active in ath
letic training of youngsters here
in the city.
Mr. Murrell, in 1939, married
Miss Mable Slaughter of Phoenix,
a teacher in the Maricopa County
School System. They have three
He is the first one of his race to
become a member of this board, in
the city’s history.
Unit's Long Tenure
At Air Field Ending
MIELD, Calif. —Squadron H, now
only a skeleton of its one-size lusty
self is in the process of being in
activated after nearly four years
of exemplary duty at this field.
The squadron, made up of Ne
gro troops was organized as the
303rd Aviation Squadron and as
signed to SBAAF in October 1942.
At one time as many as 700 of
ficers and men were assigned.
Now as the time nears for its in
activation it has only 100 men on
its roster’s.
During its four years at the field
the squadron operated under a
number of designations but it al
ways continued to perform its vital
job as an AAF base unit. Many
of its men eventually went over
seas as replacements and at times
its ranks were swelled by returnees
from overseas duties. Several
times members of the squadron
served on forest fire crews in
neighboring mountain areas.
It is expected that men remain
ing in the squadron at the time
of its inactivation will be sent to
Victorville Army Air Field, Victor
ville, California but even more
will be sent to separation centers
for discharge from the service.
UN Should Control
Middle East Oil Field
Co-Op Head Urges
New York, Sept. 19— (FP)—ln
ternational control of middle east
oil fields is as important as inter
national control of the atom bomb,
Pres. Howard Cowden of the Con
sumers Cooperate Assn, declared at
a press conference here Aug. 5.
Cowden, head of a delegation of
American consumer co-ops going
to the International Cooperative
Alliance congress in Zurich, Switz
erland, said the group would ask
the alliance to use its influence as
permanent consultant body to the
United Nations to achieve UN con
trol of middle eastern oil fields.
“The middle eastern oil fields,”
Cowden said, “are the most im
portant power prize in the world
and should be removed from the
field of imperialist competition.
We consider this as important as
international control o fthe atom
Cowden also anticipated the pos
sibility of a world-wide oil co-op.
American co-op lubricating oil has
already been shipped from the
Kansas City wholesale to Sweden,
Belgium, France, Holland, Scotland,
South Africa and Australia and 15
countries have indicated their de
sire to set up world oil trade on a
formal basis. Qver one million dol
lars has already been subscribed to- !
ward the establishment of such an J
international oil co-op, Cowden j
Grin, And Share it!
Col ga t e-Palmolive-Peet Co.,
manufacturers of Colgate tooth
paste among other things, reports
net income for the first half of
1946 at $6,311,156 —compared to
last year’s $3,000,000 for the same
Reaction Fights On.. Lesson
For Labor
(Political Editor, People’s World)
Win, lose or draw, the need for independent partici
pation in election campaigns by the working class does
not end on election day.
The need for political action carries over from one
election to the next. The struggle on the electoral front
is a vital part of the whole fight for better living stand
ards and democratic rights—and for socialism, too.
Many workers know, for example, that the gains they
Imunnization Os
School Children
Phoenix, Sept. 12—(ALJ) —Dr.
G. F. Manning, Superintendent of
Public Health, today made a
recommendation to all parents in
Arizona that they protect the j
health of their children during the |
school year by immunizations j
against certain cildhood infections.
It was also recommended that
children who have been previously
immunized against diphtheria
should be given “booster” immuni
zations before they enter school;
and that all children entering j
school for the first time should be j
immunized against smallpox and
“Every child should be vaccinat
ed against smallpox early in in
fancy and should be re-vaccinated
on entering school,” Dr. Manning
said. “If all children in the State
were fully protected by immuniza
tion against such childhood dis
eases as diphtheria and whooping
cough there would be few deaths
as the result of these infections.”
“In Arizona in 1945 there were
34 deaths from whoping cough
and diphtheria. When such diseases
can be prevented by the simple
procedure of immunization there is
no reason for any parent to neglect
protecting teh health and life of
his child.”
It was stated that immunization
against smallpox will protect the
child, or adult, for a considerable
period of time, and that immuniza
tion against diphtheria secures im
munity which can be increased at
any time there is an epidemic or
undue exposure by the so-called
"booster” immunizations. Every
parent was strongly urged to take
his or her child to the family phy
sician or health department clin
ics for pre-school and school im
AFL Painters Win $2
Houdly Rate in NYC
Washington, Sept. 19. —(FP)—
An arbitrator’s award of a 16c an
hour increase to painters and deco
rators in Manhattan and the Bronx
was approved Sept. 12 by the Natl
Wage Stabilization Board to bring
their rate to a $2 per hour figure.
The decision covers 8,000 mem
bers of the Brotherhood of Paint
ers, Decorators & Paperhangers
(AFL) and gives an equivalent
8.7% increase to paperhangers.
Although the WSB majority held
that the increase was a move to- j
ward the reestablishment of parity!
between rates for plumbers, car
penters and electricians, industry
members expressed fears it would
lead to demand sfor increased rates
from other crafts.
Carpenters in New York City
area are working under an agree
ment of January, 1946, giving them
$2.10; electricians, $2.25 and plumb
ers $2.25. This contract contains
no provision for adjustments equal
to that received by other crafts I
during the life of the agreements, j
Pullman Conductors
Win $44.40 Monthly
Washington, Sept. 19—(FP) —
The Order of Railway Conductors
(unaffiliated) won its battle with
the Pullman company Sept. 6 as
a presidential emergency board in
vestigating the Pullman car con
ductors’ claim to a $44.40 monthly
raise ruled in the union’s favor.
Point at issue in the dispute was
the number of hours constituting
ithe working month, since the union
and the company had previously
agreed to an 18.5 c hourly raise. The
union claimed conductors worked
240 hours monthly and the com
pany figured only 225 hours, bring
ing the wage raise total to $41,625
a month.
Most Good For
The Greatest
win in negotiations or on the pic
ket line are often taken from
them by the legislative actions of
politicians who represent the
The electoral front should be
given attention equal to that given
other forms of labor’s struggle.
But this is not well understood,
and such attention is not given,
with the result that workers, in
their “economic” struggles often
resemble squirrels on a treadmill;
always scrambling toward a better
life, but never able to reach and
hold that goal.
Fascism vs. Democracy
An understanding of the impor
tance and the continunity of the
electoral struggle is of extreme
importance this year, because the
issue in the November election is
not merely living standards, but
also fascism versus democracy in
the United States.
Let’s trace briefly through the
Administrations of Franklin* D.
Roosevelt, to create a background
against which this year’s situation
will be seen more clearly.
From the first, the most power
ful and most reactionary of the
finance capitalists tagged Roose
velt as an enemy of their private
plans for America, and began to
unite against him in and around
the Republican Party.
They ran Hoover against Roose
velt in 1932—and won nearly 16
million votes for Hoover, against
nearly 23 million for the New Deal.
The pro-Fascist financiers did
not become demoralized by that
defeat, but organized more effi
ciently and fought harder than
Willkie—Reaction’s “Tool”
In ’36, they gathered nearly 17
million votes for Landon, as
against 27h million for Roosevelt,
an increase of 1 million votes for
the reactionaries.
They tightened up their organi
zations and drove ahead, and in
1940, with Willkie as the GOP can
didate, ran up a vote of more than
22 million, compared to 27 million
for Roosevelt.
Willkie was not identical to Lan
don and Hoover, but the reaction
aries were smart enough to make
use of his liberal reputation after
their more reactionary candidates
had failed—thus gaining six mil
lion votes over 1932 and five mil
lion over 1936.
In 1944, their urgent desire to
prevent the complete destruction
of fascism abroad forced the pro-
Fascist financiers to resort again
to an outright reactionary candi
date, Tom Dewey, whom they did,
however, try to present as a lib
In that vital election year, the
GOP campaigned along pro-Fas
cist, anti-Soviet, anti-labor, anti-
New Deal, anti-Semitic lines which
prompted Robert Hannegan to re
mark that this was “the lowest,
most despicable campaign in the
history of the Republic.”
It was all of that and more. It
was also a dangerous bid for power
by American fascism, a bid which
failed by the narrow margin of
22 million votes for Dewey to 25i
million for Roosevelt. Despite the>
clearly anti-democratic character
of their campaign, the Republicans
had lost only about 300,000 votes
between 1940 and 1944.
Defeated four times in a row*
(Continued on page 3)
TOKYO, Japan. Representing
the Bth Army in the Occupational
Forces Track and Field Meet held
at Meiji Stadium during the lat
ter part of August, First Lieuten
ant Upshaw Sams, Beaumont, Tex.,
paced his team to a decisive vic
tory over a field of five competing
Army and Air Forces teams by
taking the 400 meter run and run
ning the anchor leg on the winning
800 meter relay team.
Lieutenant Sams, former Tuske
gee Institute NCAA competitor, in
addition to holding the occupation
al forces record in the 400 meter
of 50.4 seconds won every race he
entered in the All-Japan and Inter-
Command meets which led up to
the final championship meet at
Meiji Stadium.
Sharing honors with Lieutenant
Sams was Staff Sergeant Stanley
McCalla, Jamaica, New York who
placed first in the 800 meter run.
Sergeant McCalla also represented
the winning Bth Army team..

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